Census Profile, 2016 Census
Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burlington, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Halton, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Halton, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 183,314  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 548,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 175,779  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 501,674 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 72,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 71,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,977  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 987.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 568.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 185.66  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 964.05  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 183,315 87,955 95,360 548,435 266,350 282,085
0 to 14 years 30,670 15,815 14,855 107,215 54,955 52,260
0 to 4 years 9,275 4,750 4,525 30,600 15,665 14,935
5 to 9 years 10,475 5,420 5,060 37,970 19,425 18,550
10 to 14 years 10,915 5,640 5,270 38,640 19,870 18,775
15 to 64 years 117,330 56,865 60,465 359,410 175,205 184,205
15 to 19 years 10,730 5,500 5,230 36,440 18,625 17,815
20 to 24 years 10,175 5,270 4,905 31,910 16,620 15,290
25 to 29 years 9,305 4,605 4,700 26,185 13,025 13,165
30 to 34 years 10,610 4,985 5,625 30,420 14,000 16,420
35 to 39 years 11,795 5,605 6,185 37,930 17,475 20,460
40 to 44 years 13,005 6,235 6,775 43,580 20,915 22,660
45 to 49 years 13,495 6,510 6,980 44,370 21,640 22,730
50 to 54 years 14,350 6,875 7,475 43,045 21,150 21,895
55 to 59 years 13,095 6,310 6,785 36,820 18,125 18,695
60 to 64 years 10,770 4,980 5,795 28,700 13,630 15,070
65 years and over 35,320 15,275 20,040 81,810 36,190 45,620
65 to 69 years 10,225 4,620 5,600 25,465 11,735 13,725
70 to 74 years 8,250 3,740 4,515 19,665 9,120 10,545
75 to 79 years 6,460 2,860 3,600 14,640 6,655 7,985
80 to 84 years 4,960 2,095 2,865 10,795 4,630 6,165
85 years and over 5,425 1,960 3,460 11,245 4,050 7,190
85 to 89 years 3,400 1,365 2,035 7,110 2,820 4,290
90 to 94 years 1,615 495 1,120 3,310 1,045 2,265
95 to 99 years 355 95 260 720 175 550
100 years and over 50 5 45 100 15 85
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 18.0 15.6 19.5 20.6 18.5
15 to 64 years 64.0 64.7 63.4 65.5 65.8 65.3
65 years and over 19.3 17.4 21.0 14.9 13.6 16.2
85 years and over 3.0 2.2 3.6 2.1 1.5 2.5
Average age of the population 42.3 40.9 43.6 39.4 38.4 40.4
Median age of the population 43.3 41.8 44.6 40.5 39.6 41.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 36,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 22,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 13,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 17,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 24,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 11,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 180,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 152,650 72,145 80,510 441,220 211,395 229,825
Married or living common law 92,680 46,200 46,480 276,820 138,070 138,750
Married 81,430 40,610 40,820 249,100 124,250 124,850
Living common law 11,250 5,585 5,660 27,720 13,820 13,905
Not married and not living common law 59,970 25,945 34,025 164,395 73,325 91,070
Never married 36,730 19,280 17,460 109,315 57,430 51,890
Separated 4,425 1,770 2,655 11,205 4,435 6,770
Divorced 9,305 2,985 6,315 21,825 7,145 14,685
Widowed 9,505 1,910 7,595 22,050 4,320 17,725
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 53,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 25,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 11,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 53,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 45,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 39,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 6,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 45,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 20,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 24,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 9,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 11,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,080 9,675 14,405 56,975 23,225 33,745
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 71,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 50,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 31,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 17,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 181,150 87,270 93,880 544,020 264,660 279,360
English only 163,410 79,905 83,510 484,060 239,545 244,515
French only 95 40 55 380 160 220
English and French 16,150 6,740 9,410 52,665 22,295 30,370
Neither English nor French 1,495 585 910 6,920 2,660 4,260
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 181,150 87,270 93,885 544,025 264,660 279,365
English 175,885 85,025 90,860 524,050 256,185 267,865
French 2,970 1,280 1,685 9,155 4,040 5,110
English and French 835 400 440 4,040 1,845 2,195
Neither English nor French 1,455 565 890 6,780 2,590 4,190
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,385 1,480 1,905 11,170 4,965 6,205
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 2.1 1.9 2.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 181,150 87,265 93,885 544,020 264,660 279,360
Single responses 177,790 85,665 92,125 528,785 257,245 271,540
Official languages 145,580 70,615 74,960 394,090 193,360 200,725
English 142,605 69,345 73,265 385,160 189,415 195,750
French 2,970 1,270 1,695 8,930 3,945 4,980
Non-official languages 32,210 15,045 17,165 134,695 63,885 70,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 20 5 15
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,205 15,040 17,160 134,675 63,875 70,800
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,475 1,290 1,190 11,005 5,560 5,445
Berber languages 10 5 5 25 15 10
Kabyle 0 0 5 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 25 10 10
Cushitic languages 30 10 20 120 50 65
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 10 0 5 25 5 15
Somali 20 10 10 95 50 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,435 1,270 1,160 10,850 5,490 5,360
Amharic 20 10 10 70 30 35
Arabic 2,205 1,160 1,045 9,875 5,040 4,830
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 280 130 150
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 120 50 70
Harari 5 0 0 5 5 0
Hebrew 30 15 10 95 55 45
Maltese 60 25 40 285 120 165
Tigrigna 5 0 0 45 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 75 35 40
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 370 150 215 1,380 595 780
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 45 20 25
Vietnamese 350 145 205 1,335 580 755
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,535 575 960 6,125 2,370 3,755
Bikol 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cebuano 55 25 30 215 80 130
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 55 25 30
Ilocano 85 40 45 200 90 110
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 40 10 25 280 115 165
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 95 40 55
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,290 470 815 5,200 1,980 3,215
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 55 25 30
Creole languages 25 15 10 170 85 80
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 105 55 50
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 30 30
Dravidian languages 425 210 215 2,495 1,235 1,255
Kannada 35 15 20 115 60 55
Malayalam 150 75 70 575 285 295
Tamil 185 90 100 1,370 675 700
Telugu 55 30 30 410 210 205
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 22,465 10,600 11,860 90,635 43,450 47,185
Albanian 155 75 85 635 310 325
Armenian 80 45 40 300 150 150
Balto-Slavic languages 6,890 3,110 3,780 24,880 11,495 13,385
Baltic languages 200 80 120 545 225 320
Latvian 75 30 45 190 75 115
Lithuanian 125 55 75 360 150 210
Slavic languages 6,690 3,030 3,660 24,340 11,270 13,065
Belarusan 5 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 95 50 45 265 125 140
Bulgarian 115 55 65 530 260 270
Croatian 875 440 440 4,035 1,990 2,045
Czech 250 105 145 615 265 350
Macedonian 150 70 80 700 335 365
Polish 2,365 1,055 1,310 8,785 3,990 4,795
Russian 860 365 495 3,485 1,540 1,945
Serbian 905 435 470 2,695 1,295 1,400
Serbo-Croatian 100 45 55 275 125 150
Slovak 200 85 120 700 320 375
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 385 165 215
Ukrainian 600 245 355 1,815 815 995
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 20
Celtic languages 25 10 15 65 30 35
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 20 10 10
Welsh 15 5 10 35 20 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Germanic languages 3,075 1,345 1,725 7,480 3,390 4,090
Afrikaans 85 35 40 340 155 185
Danish 115 55 65 310 145 160
Dutch 1,080 480 595 2,250 1,060 1,185
Frisian 15 10 5 30 15 10
German 1,645 710 935 4,230 1,875 2,355
Icelandic 15 10 10 20 10 5
Norwegian 20 10 15 65 30 35
Swedish 50 25 30 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 65 20 40
Yiddish 10 5 5 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 410 200 205 1,425 710 720
Indo-Iranian languages 5,135 2,570 2,565 29,120 14,420 14,705
Indo-Aryan languages 4,180 2,105 2,075 25,490 12,625 12,865
Bengali 165 90 75 855 435 420
Gujarati 515 260 260 2,040 985 1,055
Hindi 515 265 245 2,680 1,310 1,370
Kashmiri 5 5 0 50 20 30
Konkani 15 10 10 130 65 75
Marathi 40 15 20 205 100 110
Nepali 45 20 25 120 50 70
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,795 885 915 6,585 3,265 3,320
Sindhi 40 25 15 275 140 135
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60 480 230 250
Urdu 915 480 435 12,035 6,015 6,020
Iranian languages 915 445 465 3,500 1,720 1,780
Kurdish 20 10 10 90 45 40
Pashto 115 55 65 580 275 305
Persian (Farsi) 770 380 390 2,835 1,395 1,430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 130 75 60
Italic (Romance) languages 6,695 3,240 3,460 26,730 12,940 13,785
Catalan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Italian 1,845 960 885 7,060 3,645 3,420
Portuguese 1,545 770 775 7,335 3,580 3,755
Romanian 620 285 335 2,200 1,035 1,165
Spanish 2,680 1,220 1,460 10,095 4,670 5,425
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Japanese 135 50 85 410 130 280
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Georgian 5 5 5 5 5 5
Korean 795 345 450 3,505 1,615 1,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 225 95 125 795 365 430
Akan (Twi) 60 25 35 220 95 130
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 5 15 5 10
Ewe 0 5 0 15 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 10 10 5
Igbo 15 5 5 55 25 30
Lingala 0 0 0 10 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 5 5 0
Shona 30 10 15 65 30 30
Swahili 30 15 15 80 35 45
Wolof 0 5 5 5 0 5
Yoruba 25 10 15 170 90 85
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 125 55 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 35 15 20
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 35 20 15
Sign languages 35 20 15 200 100 100
American Sign Language 20 10 10 140 70 70
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 60 30 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,520 1,135 1,385 14,675 6,800 7,875
Chinese languages 2,490 1,120 1,370 14,590 6,760 7,825
Cantonese 765 335 425 3,365 1,530 1,835
Hakka 10 5 10 85 30 50
Mandarin 1,555 700 850 10,335 4,805 5,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 35 35 315 145 170
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 195 95 100
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 35 290 140 150
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 85 40 45
Burmese 20 10 10 35 20 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages 85 25 60 215 80 135
Lao 35 10 25 70 30 40
Thai 55 20 35 145 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 310 160 150 1,040 535 510
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 40 20 20
Turkish 290 145 135 950 480 470
Uyghur 0 0 0 25 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 20 5 10
Uralic languages 790 365 425 1,955 915 1,035
Estonian 80 40 45 160 80 85
Finnish 85 25 55 245 100 150
Hungarian 625 295 325 1,540 735 810
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 20 20
Multiple responses 3,360 1,605 1,755 15,235 7,415 7,820
English and French 475 225 245 1,595 740 855
English and non-official language 2,680 1,290 1,385 12,690 6,250 6,440
French and non-official language 95 45 50 430 195 235
English, French and non-official language 115 45 70 525 235 290
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 181,150 87,270 93,880 544,020 264,665 279,360
Single responses 174,210 84,035 90,175 512,385 249,415 262,970
Official languages 161,350 77,920 83,430 451,570 220,380 231,190
English 160,345 77,455 82,890 448,015 218,720 229,295
French 1,000 465 540 3,555 1,660 1,895
Non-official languages 12,865 6,115 6,750 60,815 29,035 31,785
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,860 6,115 6,750 60,815 29,035 31,785
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,205 605 600 5,170 2,515 2,655
Berber languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 45 15 30
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 5 0 5
Somali 5 0 5 40 15 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,190 605 590 5,115 2,495 2,620
Amharic 10 5 5 30 10 15
Arabic 1,115 570 545 4,745 2,330 2,415
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 115 50 65
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 60 25 35
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 5 40 20 20
Maltese 10 5 5 55 25 25
Tigrigna 5 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 55 25 25
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 65 90 660 300 365
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 5 0 5
Vietnamese 155 65 85 655 295 360
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 630 275 360 2,350 1,030 1,325
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cebuano 15 10 10 70 30 40
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 20 10 10
Ilocano 35 15 20 65 25 35
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 10 0 10 90 40 50
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 30 10 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 555 235 320 2,065 895 1,165
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 10 5
Creole languages 5 0 0 65 30 35
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Dravidian languages 200 95 105 1,180 560 615
Kannada 15 5 5 40 20 20
Malayalam 65 30 30 240 115 120
Tamil 85 40 45 690 325 370
Telugu 35 15 20 215 100 105
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Indo-European languages 8,110 3,880 4,230 37,555 18,000 19,550
Albanian 55 30 25 225 120 110
Armenian 45 20 20 120 55 65
Balto-Slavic languages 2,440 1,150 1,290 10,245 4,910 5,335
Baltic languages 40 20 25 140 65 70
Latvian 10 0 10 35 15 20
Lithuanian 30 15 15 100 50 50
Slavic languages 2,395 1,130 1,265 10,105 4,840 5,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 60 35 25 120 60 60
Bulgarian 70 40 35 290 150 140
Croatian 225 105 125 1,280 605 675
Czech 60 30 35 165 80 85
Macedonian 40 15 25 285 130 155
Polish 850 390 460 3,675 1,755 1,915
Russian 495 240 255 2,190 1,035 1,155
Serbian 345 175 175 1,230 605 630
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 95 45 50
Slovak 65 30 40 235 115 115
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 60 25 30
Ukrainian 110 50 60 465 225 240
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Celtic languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 10 10 5
Welsh 0 5 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 275 125 150 895 425 470
Afrikaans 30 15 20 130 55 70
Danish 10 0 0 20 5 10
Dutch 50 20 25 175 85 90
Frisian 0 5 0 0 0 0
German 165 75 95 515 240 275
Icelandic 10 5 5 10 5 5
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swedish 10 5 5 40 25 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 105 50 50 310 145 165
Indo-Iranian languages 2,785 1,370 1,415 15,205 7,355 7,855
Indo-Aryan languages 2,210 1,095 1,115 13,180 6,405 6,775
Bengali 100 50 45 475 235 240
Gujarati 255 115 140 960 440 520
Hindi 225 115 105 1,105 530 575
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 5
Konkani 5 5 0 30 15 15
Marathi 10 5 5 80 40 40
Nepali 30 15 15 65 35 35
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 5 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,045 505 540 3,565 1,740 1,825
Sindhi 10 0 5 105 50 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 190 90 100
Urdu 510 260 245 6,595 3,230 3,365
Iranian languages 545 260 285 1,970 920 1,050
Kurdish 5 5 0 45 25 25
Pashto 80 40 40 345 160 180
Persian (Farsi) 465 220 245 1,580 730 850
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 55 30 25
Italic (Romance) languages 2,410 1,130 1,280 10,540 4,990 5,550
Catalan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 205 90 110 1,150 495 650
Portuguese 445 210 235 2,435 1,160 1,275
Romanian 255 120 135 985 460 525
Spanish 1,510 710 800 5,955 2,870 3,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Japanese 35 15 20 130 60 65
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 525 230 290 2,340 1,100 1,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 45 15 25 150 55 95
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 60 15 40
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Lingala 0 0 0 5 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 10 5 5 20 10 5
Swahili 5 5 5 10 5 10
Wolof 5 0 5 5 0 5
Yoruba 5 0 0 25 5 15
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Sign languages 60 30 25 285 140 145
American Sign Language 25 15 10 185 90 95
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 95 50 50
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,515 710 805 9,820 4,695 5,120
Chinese languages 1,505 705 800 9,785 4,680 5,105
Cantonese 365 170 195 1,635 785 845
Hakka 0 0 0 15 5 10
Mandarin 1,070 500 570 7,725 3,690 4,035
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 110 55 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 125 65 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 15 25 180 90 90
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 35 20 20
Burmese 10 5 5 15 10 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 25 95 40 50
Lao 10 5 5 20 10 15
Thai 40 20 20 70 30 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 145 75 70 530 270 260
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 15 5 5
Turkish 140 75 65 500 250 250
Uyghur 0 0 0 15 10 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Uralic languages 180 85 95 475 230 245
Estonian 15 5 10 20 10 10
Finnish 15 10 5 45 30 20
Hungarian 150 70 75 415 195 215
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Multiple responses 6,940 3,235 3,705 31,635 15,245 16,390
English and French 350 145 205 1,255 575 675
English and non-official language 6,405 3,000 3,405 29,460 14,260 15,200
French and non-official language 25 10 15 110 45 70
English, French and non-official language 160 75 80 810 365 440
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 181,150 87,270 93,880 544,025 264,660 279,360
None 161,185 78,025 83,165 457,960 224,140 233,820
English 6,870 3,325 3,540 32,050 15,695 16,355
French 2,090 870 1,225 6,745 2,850 3,895
Non-official language 10,660 4,900 5,770 45,645 21,240 24,410
Aboriginal 0 0 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal 10,665 4,895 5,765 45,630 21,235 24,400
English and French 65 30 35 350 155 195
English and non-official language 120 60 60 565 275 290
French and non-official language 155 60 95 695 305 390
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 20 10 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 149,495 71,145 78,345 433,845 208,575 225,270
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 144,535 68,775 75,760 414,995 199,625 215,375
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,551 52,428 35,614 42,577 52,979 35,067
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 144,580 68,780 75,795 415,105 199,645 215,460
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,699 45,264 32,021 37,779 45,755 31,629
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 135,930 65,665 70,265 388,030 190,215 197,810
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,959 50,414 32,034 41,212 52,274 32,748
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,000 41,745 56,260 278,820 118,770 160,050
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,168 1,668 5,240 2,716 899 3,878
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 111,895 56,780 55,115 327,610 167,275 160,335
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,896 49,910 34,803 42,556 52,445 35,370
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 149,495 71,145 78,350 433,845 208,570 225,275
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 144,630 68,820 75,815 415,130 199,760 215,370
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,898 75,934 47,249 64,762 82,349 48,449
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 144,695 68,840 75,860 415,265 199,795 215,465
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,259 58,506 38,961 50,228 61,595 39,687
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,020 65,660 70,355 388,265 190,275 197,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,465 75,201 44,779 64,579 82,799 47,069
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,120 41,895 56,225 278,800 119,045 159,755
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,331 6,868 7,676 6,495 5,841 6,982
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 111,895 56,655 55,240 327,605 166,985 160,630
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,974 72,279 45,328 63,534 79,267 47,179
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 149,495 71,145 78,350 433,845 208,570 225,275
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 56,940 31,440 25,505 167,465 94,250 73,210
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,047 74,549 57,775 68,481 76,851 59,762
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 84,835 99,235 67,083 90,417 106,100 70,227
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.5 87.9 93.3 95.8 89.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.6 69.7 77.4 80.4 72.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.5 12.1 6.7 4.2 10.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 149,495 71,145 78,350 433,845 208,575 225,275
Without total income 4,960 2,370 2,590 18,850 8,945 9,900
With total income 144,535 68,770 75,760 414,995 199,625 215,370
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.7 95.7 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,190 7,470 10,720 60,625 24,840 35,780
$10,000 to $19,999 19,435 7,390 12,050 55,380 21,525 33,855
$20,000 to $29,999 16,545 6,295 10,245 44,190 17,490 26,705
$30,000 to $39,999 14,450 6,045 8,405 37,575 15,700 21,875
$40,000 to $49,999 13,450 5,830 7,620 35,955 15,710 20,245
$50,000 to $59,999 11,560 5,470 6,090 31,205 14,580 16,630
$60,000 to $69,999 9,765 4,835 4,930 26,850 13,485 13,365
$70,000 to $79,999 7,865 4,220 3,645 22,000 11,805 10,195
$80,000 to $89,999 6,665 3,670 3,000 19,210 10,450 8,755
$90,000 to $99,999 6,030 3,215 2,815 17,375 9,305 8,075
$100,000 and over 20,580 14,340 6,245 64,620 44,735 19,885
$100,000 to $149,999 12,665 8,395 4,270 37,770 24,690 13,085
$150,000 and over 7,915 5,940 1,980 26,855 20,050 6,800
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 149,495 71,145 78,350 433,845 208,575 225,270
Without after-tax income 4,920 2,365 2,550 18,740 8,925 9,815
With after-tax income 144,580 68,785 75,795 415,105 199,645 215,460
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.7 95.7 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,020 7,640 11,380 62,650 25,340 37,310
$10,000 to $19,999 20,345 7,775 12,580 58,025 22,625 35,400
$20,000 to $29,999 19,300 7,475 11,825 51,210 20,500 30,710
$30,000 to $39,999 17,600 7,500 10,100 45,955 19,645 26,310
$40,000 to $49,999 16,140 7,465 8,680 43,660 20,095 23,570
$50,000 to $59,999 12,965 6,525 6,445 35,835 18,115 17,720
$60,000 to $69,999 10,155 5,540 4,615 28,645 15,580 13,065
$70,000 to $79,999 8,525 4,740 3,785 24,875 13,680 11,190
$80,000 and over 20,525 14,135 6,390 64,245 44,065 20,180
$80,000 to $89,999 5,990 3,665 2,325 17,520 10,635 6,885
$90,000 to $99,999 3,755 2,505 1,255 11,170 7,390 3,775
$100,000 and over 10,775 7,965 2,820 35,555 26,040 9,520
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 149,495 71,145 78,350 433,845 208,570 225,270
Without employment income 37,595 14,365 23,235 106,235 41,300 64,940
With employment income 111,895 56,780 55,115 327,610 167,275 160,335
Percentage with employment income 74.8 79.8 70.3 75.5 80.2 71.2
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,515 7,900 7,610 43,435 21,150 22,280
$5,000 to $9,999 8,340 3,580 4,760 24,760 10,705 14,060
$10,000 to $19,999 12,315 5,300 7,015 35,860 15,540 20,315
$20,000 to $29,999 9,770 4,085 5,680 27,595 11,840 15,755
$30,000 to $39,999 9,075 3,755 5,320 25,355 10,685 14,675
$40,000 to $49,999 8,780 3,805 4,975 25,075 10,960 14,115
$50,000 to $59,999 8,075 3,820 4,250 23,105 10,905 12,200
$60,000 to $69,999 7,015 3,530 3,490 20,500 10,500 10,005
$70,000 to $79,999 5,995 3,280 2,715 17,430 9,500 7,930
$80,000 and over 27,020 17,725 9,295 84,490 55,495 29,000
$80,000 to $89,999 5,280 2,950 2,330 15,950 8,800 7,150
$90,000 to $99,999 5,125 2,680 2,450 15,100 8,040 7,055
$100,000 and over 16,615 12,095 4,515 53,445 38,650 14,795
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 71,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,009  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,183  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 17,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 53,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,096  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 71,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 123,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,836  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 17,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,516  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,766  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,741  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 53,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,171  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,858  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,042  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 33,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 9,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 71,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 25,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 52,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,141  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,501  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 24,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,938  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,554  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,564  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,258  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 52,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 126,812  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,751  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,284  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,279  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 24,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 177,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 183,977  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 138,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 141,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,546  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,185 8,615 12,570 47,400 19,920 27,480
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,928 50,468 41,967 43,669 48,387 40,822
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,168 42,884 37,027 38,292 41,747 36,168
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,190 8,680 12,515 47,480 19,965 27,510
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 57,406 64,461 52,513 61,514 72,452 53,575
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,468 51,045 43,293 48,694 54,946 44,156
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 180,125 86,940 93,185 540,975 263,490 277,485
In the bottom half of the distribution 59,345 26,945 32,400 175,895 82,040 93,855
In the bottom decile 8,910 4,155 4,755 30,550 14,465 16,085
In the second decile 10,070 4,205 5,865 30,465 13,485 16,975
In the third decile 11,865 5,265 6,605 34,080 15,475 18,605
In the fourth decile 13,380 6,235 7,145 37,605 17,850 19,760
In the fifth decile 15,130 7,090 8,035 43,190 20,770 22,420
In the top half of the distribution 120,780 59,995 60,785 365,080 181,450 183,635
In the sixth decile 17,420 8,440 8,985 49,605 24,165 25,445
In the seventh decile 19,660 9,495 10,165 56,615 27,720 28,895
In the eighth decile 22,820 11,265 11,555 66,750 33,065 33,685
In the ninth decile 27,530 13,810 13,715 82,425 41,175 41,250
In the top decile 33,350 16,985 16,365 109,685 55,325 54,355
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 180,125 86,945 93,180 540,980 263,490 277,490
0 to 17 years 37,090 19,115 17,975 129,300 66,175 63,130
0 to 5 years 11,245 5,765 5,485 37,615 19,280 18,335
18 to 64 years 110,415 53,310 57,105 335,195 162,670 172,525
65 years and over 32,620 14,520 18,105 76,480 34,645 41,840
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,220 5,830 7,395 44,485 20,350 24,140
0 to 17 years 3,460 1,810 1,645 13,530 6,935 6,595
0 to 5 years 950 495 460 3,460 1,745 1,715
18 to 64 years 7,465 3,275 4,190 25,390 11,510 13,880
65 years and over 2,295 740 1,560 5,565 1,905 3,665
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.3 6.7 7.9 8.2 7.7 8.7
0 to 17 years (%) 9.3 9.5 9.2 10.5 10.5 10.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.4 8.6 8.4 9.2 9.1 9.4
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.1 7.3 7.6 7.1 8.0
65 years and over (%) 7.0 5.1 8.6 7.3 5.5 8.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,330 4,710 5,620 32,140 15,010 17,135
0 to 17 years 2,605 1,370 1,235 9,225 4,725 4,500
0 to 5 years 705 370 340 2,285 1,155 1,135
18 to 64 years 6,335 2,900 3,435 19,880 9,260 10,625
65 years and over 1,395 445 950 3,030 1,025 2,010
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 5.9 5.7 6.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.0 7.2 6.9 7.1 7.1 7.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.3 6.4 6.2 6.1 6.0 6.2
18 to 64 years (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 5.9 5.7 6.2
65 years and over (%) 4.3 3.1 5.2 4.0 3.0 4.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 180,125 86,945 93,185 540,975 263,490 277,490
Official languages 178,635 86,380 92,250 534,110 260,835 273,275
English 178,540 86,345 92,195 533,690 260,665 273,025
French 16,140 6,805 9,340 52,710 22,060 30,650
Non-official languages 40,950 19,195 21,750 171,550 81,395 90,160
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 35 10 25
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 10 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 35 10 25
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 35 10 25
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,950 19,195 21,750 171,515 81,380 90,135
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,185 1,570 1,615 15,255 7,785 7,470
Berber languages 30 15 10 45 15 25
Kabyle 10 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 35 10 20
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 120 50 65
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 10
Oromo 0 10 10 20 10 15
Somali 10 0 10 90 40 50
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 3,150 1,550 1,600 15,105 7,730 7,375
Amharic 30 20 10 105 45 55
Arabic 2,750 1,375 1,375 13,680 7,045 6,635
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 0 35 330 150 185
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 15 225 120 100
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 265 135 135 590 295 290
Maltese 85 30 50 420 210 215
Tigrigna 0 0 0 50 30 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 100 55 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 40 15 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 200 255 1,665 730 935
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 15 75 35 35
Vietnamese 420 185 240 1,600 695 910
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,940 770 1,170 7,695 3,000 4,700
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 80 35 50 315 120 190
Fijian 15 10 10 20 10 15
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 55 25 35
Ilocano 100 35 70 250 90 155
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 55 20 35 365 160 205
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 70 30 40
Pangasinan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,830 740 1,090 7,175 2,785 4,395
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 0 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 30 15 20
Creole languages 140 75 65 600 250 350
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 35 10 20
Creole, n.o.s. 65 30 35 340 140 200
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 230 95 125
Dravidian languages 700 350 345 3,785 1,920 1,865
Kannada 80 40 40 275 140 135
Malayalam 310 155 155 990 485 510
Tamil 300 150 155 2,140 1,110 1,030
Telugu 60 35 20 620 305 310
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 29,195 13,840 15,360 118,260 56,580 61,675
Albanian 195 100 95 775 400 375
Armenian 65 40 25 350 190 160
Balto-Slavic languages 8,355 3,880 4,470 29,145 13,730 15,415
Baltic languages 290 110 175 665 270 395
Latvian 90 40 50 205 95 110
Lithuanian 200 75 125 460 175 285
Slavic languages 8,100 3,785 4,315 28,600 13,510 15,095
Belarusan 0 0 0 70 40 25
Bosnian 195 100 95 445 225 225
Bulgarian 75 40 40 640 335 310
Croatian 1,485 750 730 5,820 2,935 2,885
Czech 325 155 175 900 385 520
Macedonian 200 100 95 1,005 510 490
Polish 2,920 1,275 1,645 10,305 4,595 5,710
Russian 1,180 565 615 4,775 2,205 2,565
Serbian 1,055 555 500 3,440 1,690 1,745
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 280 140 140
Slovak 290 115 170 795 350 450
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 85 90 450 210 245
Ukrainian 870 365 515 2,650 1,225 1,430
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 70 30 40
Celtic languages 65 25 40 220 100 115
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 65 25 35
Welsh 20 15 0 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 105 45 55
Germanic languages 4,395 2,025 2,375 11,190 5,140 6,045
Afrikaans 275 120 155 1,000 460 545
Danish 125 55 75 345 145 200
Dutch 1,230 575 650 2,650 1,220 1,430
Frisian 30 10 15 50 25 25
German 2,685 1,235 1,455 7,130 3,330 3,800
Icelandic 15 10 0 20 10 10
Norwegian 30 0 30 105 35 70
Swedish 110 70 40 270 130 145
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 50 15 35
Yiddish 0 0 10 30 10 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 0
Greek 605 335 270 2,165 1,040 1,130
Indo-Iranian languages 6,705 3,335 3,375 39,505 19,455 20,045
Indo-Aryan languages 5,640 2,790 2,850 35,350 17,420 17,930
Bengali 180 80 100 1,205 595 610
Gujarati 755 355 400 2,880 1,330 1,545
Hindi 2,055 1,025 1,035 9,790 4,725 5,070
Kashmiri 20 10 10 90 50 40
Konkani 0 0 10 260 120 135
Marathi 85 50 35 390 215 170
Nepali 0 0 0 55 15 35
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 55 20 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,565 1,295 1,270 10,730 5,445 5,285
Sindhi 75 20 50 585 310 275
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 80 725 355 370
Urdu 1,465 765 695 17,340 8,700 8,640
Iranian languages 1,090 570 525 4,490 2,210 2,280
Kurdish 75 45 25 165 90 70
Pashto 55 30 25 890 425 470
Persian (Farsi) 995 515 490 3,690 1,810 1,885
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 185 90 95
Italic (Romance) languages 9,685 4,500 5,190 37,495 17,725 19,765
Catalan 10 0 10 25 10 15
Italian 2,865 1,385 1,480 10,870 5,350 5,525
Portuguese 2,040 940 1,095 9,515 4,570 4,945
Romanian 720 345 380 2,680 1,275 1,405
Spanish 4,455 2,030 2,425 15,995 7,240 8,750
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 35 10 30
Japanese 220 100 120 900 435 460
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 910 395 515 4,095 1,915 2,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 485 215 270 2,080 960 1,125
Akan (Twi) 110 45 65 470 205 265
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 25 0 20
Ewe 15 0 10 35 20 15
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 15 0 15 60 35 20
Ganda 0 0 0 45 20 25
Igbo 30 15 10 145 75 75
Lingala 40 25 20 125 60 70
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 35 10 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 30 10 20
Shona 20 15 10 50 30 25
Swahili 105 30 75 410 190 225
Wolof 10 10 0 15 10 10
Yoruba 30 15 20 460 215 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 75 75 360 170 190
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 80 50 30
Dinka 0 0 0 15 15 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 65 30 30
Sign languages 225 105 120 850 340 505
American Sign Language 140 45 95 585 205 380
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 65 25 285 145 145
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,960 1,345 1,620 16,685 7,780 8,905
Chinese languages 2,930 1,325 1,605 16,575 7,725 8,850
Cantonese 990 420 575 4,685 2,180 2,505
Hakka 10 0 0 75 30 45
Mandarin 1,990 890 1,095 12,235 5,625 6,605
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 45 40 390 180 215
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 20 300 140 155
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 45 65 375 170 205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 135 65 70
Burmese 15 10 10 65 30 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 50 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 35 20 10
Tai-Kadai languages 125 50 75 255 110 150
Lao 40 20 15 100 45 50
Thai 100 35 60 170 70 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 425 225 205 1,430 735 695
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 90 45 50
Turkish 380 195 185 1,270 635 635
Uyghur 10 0 0 30 20 10
Uzbek 10 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 30 0
Uralic languages 1,060 510 550 2,270 1,060 1,210
Estonian 125 70 55 215 120 95
Finnish 140 55 80 305 130 175
Hungarian 800 390 410 1,755 820 940
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 75 40 40
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 180,125 86,945 93,185 540,975 263,490 277,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 171,120 82,930 88,190 502,490 245,760 256,730
Canadian citizens aged under 18 35,920 18,565 17,355 122,000 62,150 59,850
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 135,200 64,365 70,840 380,495 183,610 196,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,010 4,015 4,995 38,485 17,730 20,755
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 180,125 86,945 93,180 540,980 263,490 277,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 136,680 66,820 69,860 375,815 185,430 190,385
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 42,465 19,640 22,830 160,165 75,805 84,355
Before 1981 17,180 7,895 9,280 48,245 22,860 25,385
1981 to 1990 4,965 2,340 2,625 18,710 8,880 9,830
1991 to 2000 6,830 3,040 3,790 29,940 14,165 15,770
2001 to 2010 9,365 4,465 4,900 42,790 20,210 22,580
2001 to 2005 4,725 2,320 2,410 22,635 10,875 11,765
2006 to 2010 4,640 2,145 2,495 20,155 9,330 10,815
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,130 1,900 2,235 20,485 9,695 10,790
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 980 485 495 5,000 2,255 2,750
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 42,470 19,635 22,830 160,165 75,810 84,360
Under 5 years 5,130 2,415 2,710 18,970 9,330 9,640
5 to 14 years 8,295 4,035 4,260 31,250 15,830 15,420
15 to 24 years 9,285 3,945 5,340 31,895 13,715 18,180
25 to 44 years 16,715 7,855 8,855 65,735 31,145 34,585
45 years and over 3,050 1,390 1,655 12,315 5,780 6,530
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 42,465 19,640 22,830 160,165 75,805 84,360
Americas 5,885 2,620 3,260 21,720 9,775 11,950
Brazil 220 95 125 870 375 495
Colombia 780 410 375 2,265 1,045 1,225
El Salvador 110 55 50 420 220 205
Guyana 365 145 210 1,300 580 715
Haiti 15 10 0 60 30 30
Jamaica 675 305 370 2,940 1,245 1,700
Mexico 265 105 160 1,125 480 645
Peru 160 60 100 925 395 530
Trinidad and Tobago 535 235 295 1,805 830 970
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,570 640 925 5,320 2,345 2,980
Other places of birth in Americas 1,195 555 645 4,685 2,230 2,460
Europe 20,820 9,730 11,085 61,255 29,190 32,060
Bosnia and Herzegovina 310 160 150 1,070 555 510
Croatia 720 395 325 2,490 1,295 1,190
France 225 115 110 625 290 335
Germany 1,215 480 735 3,095 1,380 1,720
Greece 240 145 95 730 385 335
Hungary 390 195 195 875 400 475
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 500 210 285 1,240 525 710
Italy 980 555 425 3,785 2,035 1,750
Netherlands 995 500 495 2,020 1,005 1,020
Poland 1,805 790 1,015 6,685 2,920 3,765
Portugal 960 475 485 4,680 2,315 2,365
Romania 670 280 390 2,295 1,045 1,250
Russian Federation 375 170 205 1,600 740 855
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 425 190 230 1,235 590 645
Ukraine 315 140 175 1,245 555 690
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,775 4,050 4,725 21,300 10,255 11,050
Other places of birth in Europe 1,925 875 1,050 6,295 2,895 3,395
Africa 2,550 1,270 1,280 11,070 5,625 5,445
Algeria 40 20 20 105 50 60
Egypt 815 435 385 4,190 2,255 1,935
Ethiopia 35 25 10 120 70 45
Kenya 240 115 125 770 360 410
Morocco 30 20 10 125 55 70
Nigeria 65 35 30 890 455 435
Somalia 25 0 20 100 45 55
South Africa, Republic of 565 245 320 1,955 935 1,025
Other places of birth in Africa 735 370 365 2,820 1,405 1,415
Asia 12,995 5,910 7,085 65,445 30,885 34,555
Afghanistan 185 95 95 1,240 605 640
Bangladesh 75 35 45 680 330 345
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,665 730 935 9,235 4,160 5,080
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 290 120 165 1,600 765 830
India 3,190 1,485 1,705 13,685 6,56