Census Profile, 2016 Census
Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burlington, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Burlington, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 183,314 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 175,779 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 72,535 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 71,373 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 987.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 185.66 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 183,315 87,955 95,360 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 30,670 15,815 14,855 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 9,275 4,750 4,525 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 10,475 5,420 5,060 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 10,915 5,640 5,270 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 117,330 56,865 60,465 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 10,730 5,500 5,230 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 10,175 5,270 4,905 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 9,305 4,605 4,700 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 10,610 4,985 5,625 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 11,795 5,605 6,185 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 13,005 6,235 6,775 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 13,495 6,510 6,980 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 14,350 6,875 7,475 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 13,095 6,310 6,785 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 10,770 4,980 5,795 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 35,320 15,275 20,040 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 10,225 4,620 5,600 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 8,250 3,740 4,515 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,460 2,860 3,600 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,960 2,095 2,865 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,425 1,960 3,460 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,400 1,365 2,035 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,615 495 1,120 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 355 95 260 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 50 5 45 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 18.0 15.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.0 64.7 63.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.3 17.4 21.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.0 2.2 3.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.3 40.9 43.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 41.8 44.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 71,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,745 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,570 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 22,995 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,110 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 13,310 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 780 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 5,690 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 105 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 60 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 71,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 17,705 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 24,190 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 11,545 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 12,395 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,535 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 180,125 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 152,650 72,145 80,510 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 92,680 46,200 46,480 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 81,430 40,610 40,820 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 11,250 5,585 5,660 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 59,970 25,945 34,025 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 36,730 19,280 17,460 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 4,425 1,770 2,655 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 9,305 2,985 6,315 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 9,505 1,910 7,595 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 53,280 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 25,245 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 11,630 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 12,305 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,100 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 53,280 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 45,460 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 39,845 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,615 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,820 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 6,200 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,620 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 45,465 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 20,610 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 24,855 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 9,180 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 11,705 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,970 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,815 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 4,635 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,450 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 730 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,080 9,675 14,405 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 71,370 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 50,880 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 19,585 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 31,295 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,175 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 19,315 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 17,710 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,605 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 181,150 87,270 93,880 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 163,410 79,905 83,510 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 95 40 55 1,110 530 580
English and French 16,150 6,740 9,410 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,495 585 910 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 181,150 87,270 93,885 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 175,885 85,025 90,860 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,970 1,280 1,685 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 835 400 440 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,455 565 890 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,385 1,480 1,905 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 181,150 87,265 93,885 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 177,790 85,665 92,125 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 145,580 70,615 74,960 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 142,605 69,345 73,265 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,970 1,270 1,695 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 32,210 15,045 17,165 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,205 15,040 17,160 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,475 1,290 1,190 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 10 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 30 10 20 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 10 0 5 165 95 75
Somali 20 10 10 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,435 1,270 1,160 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 20 10 10 1,140 560 585
Arabic 2,205 1,160 1,045 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 30 15 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 60 25 40 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 370 150 215 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 350 145 205 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,535 575 960 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 55 25 30 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 85 40 45 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 40 10 25 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,290 470 815 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 25 15 10 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 425 210 215 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 15 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 150 75 70 1,750 905 845
Tamil 185 90 100 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 55 30 30 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 22,465 10,600 11,860 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 155 75 85 1,090 560 530
Armenian 80 45 40 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 6,890 3,110 3,780 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 200 80 120 645 280 370
Latvian 75 30 45 320 145 175
Lithuanian 125 55 75 325 130 200
Slavic languages 6,690 3,030 3,660 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 95 50 45 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 115 55 65 1,725 805 915
Croatian 875 440 440 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 250 105 145 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 150 70 80 250 120 135
Polish 2,365 1,055 1,310 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 860 365 495 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 905 435 470 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 100 45 55 1,145 545 600
Slovak 200 85 120 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 545 250 290
Ukrainian 600 245 355 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 25 10 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 15 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 3,075 1,345 1,725 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 85 35 40 1,435 730 705
Danish 115 55 65 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,080 480 595 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 10 5 80 30 50
German 1,645 710 935 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 15 10 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 20 10 15 835 410 430
Swedish 50 25 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 410 200 205 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 5,135 2,570 2,565 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,180 2,105 2,075 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 165 90 75 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 515 260 260 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 515 265 245 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 40 15 20 535 280 255
Nepali 45 20 25 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,795 885 915 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 40 25 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60 1,455 730 725
Urdu 915 480 435 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 915 445 465 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 115 55 65 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 770 380 390 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 6,695 3,240 3,460 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,845 960 885 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,545 770 775 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 620 285 335 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 2,680 1,220 1,460 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 135 50 85 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 795 345 450 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 225 95 125 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 60 25 35 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 0 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 15 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 30 10 15 150 70 85
Swahili 30 15 15 585 285 295
Wolof 0 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 10 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 20 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 20 10 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,520 1,135 1,385 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,490 1,120 1,370 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 765 335 425 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 10 5 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,555 700 850 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 70 35 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 35 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 20 10 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 85 25 60 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 35 10 25 800 405 400
Thai 55 20 35 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 310 160 150 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 290 145 135 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 790 365 425 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 80 40 45 455 195 260
Finnish 85 25 55 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 625 295 325 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,360 1,605 1,755 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 475 225 245 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,680 1,290 1,385 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 95 45 50 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 115 45 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 181,150 87,270 93,880 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 174,210 84,035 90,175 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 161,350 77,920 83,430 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 160,345 77,455 82,890 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,000 465 540 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 12,865 6,115 6,750 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,860 6,115 6,750 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,205 605 600 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 5 0 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,190 605 590 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 5 5 535 250 290
Arabic 1,115 570 545 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 785 400 385
Maltese 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 65 90 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 155 65 85 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 630 275 360 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 10 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 35 15 20 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 0 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 555 235 320 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 5 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 200 95 105 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 65 30 30 885 450 435
Tamil 85 40 45 1,935 965 965
Telugu 35 15 20 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 8,110 3,880 4,230 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 55 30 25 530 255 270
Armenian 45 20 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,440 1,150 1,290 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 40 20 25 160 75 90
Latvian 10 0 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 15 15 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,395 1,130 1,265 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 60 35 25 540 270 270
Bulgarian 70 40 35 925 425 495
Croatian 225 105 125 1,795 840 955
Czech 60 30 35 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 40 15 25 120 60 60
Polish 850 390 460 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 495 240 255 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 345 175 175 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 20 435 205 235
Slovak 65 30 40 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 110 50 60 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 5 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 275 125 150 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 30 15 20 520 250 265
Danish 10 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 50 20 25 685 325 365
Frisian 0 5 0 5 5 0
German 165 75 95 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 105 50 50 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 2,785 1,370 1,415 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,210 1,095 1,115 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 100 50 45 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 255 115 140 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 225 115 105 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 40 15 15
Marathi 10 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 30 15 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,045 505 540 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 10 0 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 595 290 305
Urdu 510 260 245 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 545 260 285 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 5 5 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 80 40 40 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 465 220 245 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,410 1,130 1,280 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 205 90 110 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 445 210 235 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 255 120 135 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,510 710 800 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 35 15 20 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 525 230 290 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 45 15 25 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 5 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 60 30 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 25 15 10 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,515 710 805 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,505 705 800 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 365 170 195 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,070 500 570 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 15 25 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 10 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 25 1,015 435 580
Lao 10 5 5 335 160 175
Thai 40 20 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 145 75 70 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 140 75 65 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 180 85 95 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 15 10 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 150 70 75 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 6,940 3,235 3,705 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 350 145 205 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 6,405 3,000 3,405 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 25 10 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 160 75 80 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 181,150 87,270 93,880 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 161,185 78,025 83,165 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,870 3,325 3,540 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,090 870 1,225 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 10,660 4,900 5,770 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 10,665 4,895 5,765 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 65 30 35 965 435 530
English and non-official language 120 60 60 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 155 60 95 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 149,495 71,145 78,345 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 144,535 68,775 75,760 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,551 52,428 35,614 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 144,580 68,780 75,795 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,699 45,264 32,021 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 135,930 65,665 70,265 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,959 50,414 32,034 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 98,000 41,745 56,260 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,168 1,668 5,240 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 111,895 56,780 55,115 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,896 49,910 34,803 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 149,495 71,145 78,350 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 144,630 68,820 75,815 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,898 75,934 47,249 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 144,695 68,840 75,860 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,259 58,506 38,961 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,020 65,660 70,355 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,465 75,201 44,779 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 98,120 41,895 56,225 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,331 6,868 7,676 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 111,895 56,655 55,240 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,974 72,279 45,328 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 149,495 71,145 78,350 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 56,940 31,440 25,505 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,047 74,549 57,775 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 84,835 99,235 67,083 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.5 87.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.4 77.6 69.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.5 12.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 149,495 71,145 78,350 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,960 2,370 2,590 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 144,535 68,770 75,760 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.7 96.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,190 7,470 10,720 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 19,435 7,390 12,050 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 16,545 6,295 10,245 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 14,450 6,045 8,405 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 13,450 5,830 7,620 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 11,560 5,470 6,090 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 9,765 4,835 4,930 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 7,865 4,220 3,645 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 6,665 3,670 3,000 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 6,030 3,215 2,815 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 20,580 14,340 6,245 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 12,665 8,395 4,270 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 7,915 5,940 1,980 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 149,495 71,145 78,350 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,920 2,365 2,550 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 144,580 68,785 75,795 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 19,020 7,640 11,380 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 20,345 7,775 12,580 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 19,300 7,475 11,825 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 17,600 7,500 10,100 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 16,140 7,465 8,680 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 12,965 6,525 6,445 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 10,155 5,540 4,615 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 8,525 4,740 3,785 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 20,525 14,135 6,390 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 5,990 3,665 2,325 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 3,755 2,505 1,255 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 10,775 7,965 2,820 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 149,495 71,145 78,350 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 37,595 14,365 23,235 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 111,895 56,780 55,115 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.8 79.8 70.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,515 7,900 7,610 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 8,340 3,580 4,760 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 12,315 5,300 7,015 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 9,770 4,085 5,680 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 9,075 3,755 5,320 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,780 3,805 4,975 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 8,075 3,820 4,250 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 7,015 3,530 3,490 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 5,995 3,280 2,715 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 27,020 17,725 9,295 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 5,280 2,950 2,330 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 5,125 2,680 2,450 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 16,615 12,095 4,515 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 71,370 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,588 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,570 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 17,705 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,039 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,470 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 53,665 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,675 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,096 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 71,370 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 123,402 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,836 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 17,720 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 60,516 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,766 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 53,655 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,171 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,042 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 71,375 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 645 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 860 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,350 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,980 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,780 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,120 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,240 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,310 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,270 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,755 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,710 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,575 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,190 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,090 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 33,060 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,555 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,590 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 8,590 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,330 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 71,375 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 745 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 465 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 895 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,425 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,255 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,065 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,525 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,755 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,860 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,945 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,880 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,680 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,405 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,035 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,545 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 25,890 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,835 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,175 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,880 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 52,585 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,739 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,100 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,210 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,070 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,141 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 24,985 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,376 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,938 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,345 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,564 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,824 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 52,545 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 144,456 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,143 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,265 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 126,812 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,284 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 24,935 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 177,218 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 138,476 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,330 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 82,522 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,546 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,185 8,615 12,570 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,928 50,468 41,967 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,168 42,884 37,027 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,190 8,680 12,515 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 57,406 64,461 52,513 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,468 51,045 43,293 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 180,125 86,940 93,185 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 59,345 26,945 32,400 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,910 4,155 4,755 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 10,070 4,205 5,865 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 11,865 5,265 6,605 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 13,380 6,235 7,145 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 15,130 7,090 8,035 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 120,780 59,995 60,785 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 17,420 8,440 8,985 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 19,660 9,495 10,165 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 22,820 11,265 11,555 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 27,530 13,810 13,715 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 33,350 16,985 16,365 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 180,125 86,945 93,180 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 37,090 19,115 17,975 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 11,245 5,765 5,485 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 110,415 53,310 57,105 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 32,620 14,520 18,105 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,220 5,830 7,395 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,460 1,810 1,645 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 950 495 460 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,465 3,275 4,190 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,295 740 1,560 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.3 6.7 7.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.3 9.5 9.2 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 8.4 8.6 8.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.1 7.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.0 5.1 8.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,330 4,710 5,620 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,605 1,370 1,235 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 705 370 340 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 6,335 2,900 3,435 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,395 445 950 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.0 7.2 6.9 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.3 6.4 6.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.7 5.4 6.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.3 3.1 5.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 180,125 86,945 93,185 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 178,635 86,380 92,250 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 178,540 86,345 92,195 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 16,140 6,805 9,340 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 40,950 19,195 21,750 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,950 19,195 21,750 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,185 1,570 1,615 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 30 15 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 10 0 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,150 1,550 1,600 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 30 20 10 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,750 1,375 1,375 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 0 35 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 15 15 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 265 135 135 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 85 30 50 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 200 255 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 15 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 420 185 240 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,940 770 1,170 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 80 35 50 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 15 10 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 100 35 70 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 55 20 35 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,830 740 1,090 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 140 75 65 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 65 30 35 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 700 350 345 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 80 40 40 445 210 235
Malayalam 310 155 155 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 300 150 155 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 60 35 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 29,195 13,840 15,360 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 195 100 95 1,135 580 555
Armenian 65 40 25 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 8,355 3,880 4,470 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 290 110 175 635 310 325
Latvian 90 40 50 310 175 140
Lithuanian 200 75 125 325 135 185
Slavic languages 8,100 3,785 4,315 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 195 100 95 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 75 40 40 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,485 750 730 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 325 155 175 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 200 100 95 345 180 160
Polish 2,920 1,275 1,645 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,180 565 615 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,055 555 500 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 90 40 50 1,240 595 645
Slovak 290 115 170 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 85 90 725 330 400
Ukrainian 870 365 515 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 65 25 40 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 20 15 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 685 370 320
Germanic languages 4,395 2,025 2,375 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 275 120 155 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 125 55 75 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,230 575 650 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 30 10 15 120 55 65
German 2,685 1,235 1,455 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 30 0 30 1,405 730 680
Swedish 110 70 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 15 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 605 335 270 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 6,705 3,335 3,375 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 5,640 2,790 2,850 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 180 80 100 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 755 355 400 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 2,055 1,025 1,035 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 20 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 85 50 35 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,565 1,295 1,270 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 75 20 50 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 80 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,465 765 695 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,090 570 525 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 75 45 25 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 55 30 25 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 995 515 490 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 9,685 4,500 5,190 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 0 10 245 125 120
Italian 2,865 1,385 1,480 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 2,040 940 1,095 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 720 345 380 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,455 2,030 2,425 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 220 130 85
Japanese 220 100 120 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 910 395 515 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 485 215 270 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 110 45 65 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 15 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 15 0 15 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 30 15 10 240 140 95
Lingala 40 25 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 210 95 115
Shona 20 15 10 265 125 140
Swahili 105 30 75 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 30 15 20 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 75 75 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 250 120 135
Sign languages 225 105 120 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 140 45 95 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 90 65 25 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,960 1,345 1,620 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 2,930 1,325 1,605 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 990 420 575 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,990 890 1,095 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 45 40 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 45 65 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 15 10 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 125 50 75 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 40 20 15 1,125 505 620
Thai 100 35 60 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 425 225 205 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 835 455 385
Turkish 380 195 185 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,060 510 550 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 125 70 55 495 205 295
Finnish 140 55 80 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 800 390 410 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 180,125 86,945 93,185 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 171,120 82,930 88,190 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 35,920 18,565 17,355 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 135,200 64,365 70,840 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,010 4,015 4,995 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 180,125 86,945 93,180 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 136,680 66,820 69,860 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 42,465 19,640 22,830 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 17,180 7,895 9,280 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,965 2,340 2,625 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,830 3,040 3,790 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 9,365 4,465 4,900 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 4,725 2,320 2,410 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,640 2,145 2,495 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,130 1,900 2,235 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 980 485 495 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 42,470 19,635 22,830 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,130 2,415 2,710 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,295 4,035 4,260 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 9,285 3,945 5,340 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 16,715 7,855 8,855 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 3,050 1,390 1,655 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 42,465 19,640 22,830 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,885 2,620 3,260 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 220 95 125 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 780 410 375 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 110 55 50 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 365 145 210 920 415 500
Haiti 15 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 675 305 370 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 265 105 160 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 160 60 100 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 535 235 295 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,570 640 925 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,195 555 645 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 20,820 9,730 11,085 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 310 160 150 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 720 395 325 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 225 115 110 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,215 480 735 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 240 145 95 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 390 195 195 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 500 210 285 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 980 555 425 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 995 500 495 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,805 790 1,015 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 960 475 485 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 670 280 390 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 375 170 205 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 425 190 230 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 315 140 175 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,775 4,050 4,725 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,925 875 1,050 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,550 1,270 1,280 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 40 20 20 430 270 150
Egypt 815 435 385 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 35 25 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 240 115 125 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 30 20 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 65 35 30 1,205 630 575
Somalia 25 0 20 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 565 245 320 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 735 370 365 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 12,995 5,910 7,085 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 185 95 95 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 75 35 45 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,665 730 935 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 290 120 165 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,190 1,485 1,705 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 605 310 295 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 575 265 310 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 50 0 50 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 770 335 440 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 240 120 120 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 880 465 410 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,890 795 1,090 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 300 140 155 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 190 115 75 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 90 35 55 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 345 160 195 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,655 700 960 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 220 100 115 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,135 1,900 2,230 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 685 330 360 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 55 20 30 960 445 520
Colombia 110 55 55 465 220 240
Cuba 60 45 20 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 40 30 15 160 115 45
Mexico 65 25 40 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 180 85 95 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 65 30 30 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 115 40 75 1,855 875 975
Europe 820 410 415 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 40 20 15 790 415 370
Germany 45 35 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 75