Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Hamilton, Census division [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton, C
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Hamilton, CDR
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Hamilton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Hamilton, Census division [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 536,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 519,949  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,949  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 222,918  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,918  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 211,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 480.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 480.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,117.29  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,117.29  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 536,920 262,530 274,390 536,915 262,530 274,390
0 to 14 years 87,120 44,815 42,305 87,120 44,815 42,300
0 to 4 years 28,275 14,565 13,710 28,275 14,565 13,710
5 to 9 years 29,355 15,020 14,335 29,355 15,020 14,335
10 to 14 years 29,485 15,230 14,260 29,490 15,230 14,255
15 to 64 years 356,890 176,610 180,285 356,890 176,610 180,285
15 to 19 years 32,130 16,610 15,515 32,130 16,615 15,515
20 to 24 years 36,710 18,870 17,840 36,715 18,870 17,840
25 to 29 years 35,720 17,915 17,810 35,720 17,915 17,805
30 to 34 years 34,725 17,200 17,525 34,725 17,200 17,525
35 to 39 years 32,400 15,790 16,615 32,400 15,790 16,610
40 to 44 years 32,755 15,855 16,905 32,755 15,855 16,900
45 to 49 years 36,350 17,690 18,655 36,350 17,695 18,660
50 to 54 years 41,950 20,630 21,310 41,945 20,635 21,315
55 to 59 years 40,075 19,725 20,350 40,075 19,725 20,350
60 to 64 years 34,085 16,315 17,765 34,080 16,320 17,765
65 years and over 92,910 41,105 51,805 92,910 41,100 51,805
65 to 69 years 29,340 13,860 15,480 29,340 13,860 15,485
70 to 74 years 21,055 9,925 11,135 21,055 9,925 11,130
75 to 79 years 16,110 7,305 8,805 16,115 7,310 8,805
80 to 84 years 12,470 5,195 7,275 12,470 5,200 7,275
85 years and over 13,930 4,815 9,110 13,925 4,815 9,110
85 to 89 years 8,685 3,260 5,425 8,685 3,255 5,425
90 to 94 years 4,165 1,315 2,850 4,160 1,315 2,850
95 to 99 years 955 215 740 955 220 740
100 years and over 125 25 95 120 25 95
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 17.1 15.4 16.2 17.1 15.4
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.3 65.7 66.5 67.3 65.7
65 years and over 17.3 15.7 18.9 17.3 15.7 18.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.3 2.6 1.8 3.3
Average age of the population 41.3 40.1 42.4 41.3 40.1 42.4
Median age of the population 41.5 40.0 42.8 41.5 40.0 42.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 211,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 121,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 56,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 6,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 24,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 18,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 59,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 68,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 33,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 30,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 19,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 527,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 449,800 217,710 232,085 449,800 217,715 232,090
Married or living common law 246,910 123,480 123,425 246,910 123,480 123,430
Married 208,700 104,375 104,325 208,700 104,380 104,325
Living common law 38,205 19,105 19,100 38,205 19,100 19,105
Not married and not living common law 202,890 94,230 108,660 202,890 94,230 108,660
Never married 131,065 70,920 60,140 131,065 70,925 60,145
Separated 14,680 6,220 8,455 14,680 6,225 8,455
Divorced 28,945 11,460 17,490 28,950 11,460 17,490
Widowed 28,200 5,625 22,570 28,200 5,630 22,570
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 149,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 72,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 30,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 13,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 149,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 120,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 101,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 19,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 28,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 23,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 5,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 120,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 54,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 65,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 25,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 27,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 12,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 28,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 17,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 8,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 89,250 42,230 47,020 89,250 42,230 47,020
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 139,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 51,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 88,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 67,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 59,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 530,635 259,745 270,890 530,630 259,740 270,895
English only 489,910 242,380 247,535 489,910 242,380 247,535
French only 375 160 215 380 160 220
English and French 30,530 13,280 17,255 30,530 13,275 17,250
Neither English nor French 9,815 3,925 5,890 9,820 3,930 5,890
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 530,635 259,745 270,890 530,630 259,745 270,890
English 512,265 251,770 260,495 512,265 251,770 260,495
French 6,760 3,170 3,590 6,760 3,170 3,590
English and French 1,975 970 1,005 1,975 970 1,005
Neither English nor French 9,635 3,830 5,805 9,635 3,830 5,805
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,750 3,655 4,090 7,745 3,655 4,095
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 530,635 259,740 270,895 530,630 259,745 270,895
Single responses 519,075 254,100 264,970 519,075 254,100 264,975
Official languages 396,540 195,590 200,945 396,540 195,590 200,945
English 389,870 192,485 197,385 389,870 192,485 197,390
French 6,670 3,110 3,560 6,670 3,105 3,560
Non-official languages 122,535 58,510 64,025 122,535 58,510 64,025
Aboriginal languages 70 40 30 70 40 35
Algonquian languages 30 20 15 35 20 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 5 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15 20 10 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 20 10 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages 30 15 10 25 15 10
Cayuga 10 10 0 10 10 0
Mohawk 15 5 5 15 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 10 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 122,465 58,470 63,995 122,460 58,470 63,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,835 6,540 6,295 12,840 6,540 6,295
Berber languages 10 10 5 10 10 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 15 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,040 490 550 1,040 490 555
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 45 25 15 45 25 20
Somali 1,000 465 530 995 465 530
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 11,740 6,020 5,715 11,735 6,020 5,715
Amharic 195 95 105 195 90 100
Arabic 8,585 4,465 4,120 8,585 4,465 4,125
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,225 1,090 1,130 2,225 1,090 1,135
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 215 110 100 215 115 105
Harari 0 5 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 145 80 65 145 85 65
Maltese 125 65 60 125 65 60
Tigrigna 130 60 70 130 60 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 115 50 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 45 20 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,980 1,865 2,120 3,985 1,865 2,120
Khmer (Cambodian) 815 375 440 810 375 440
Vietnamese 3,170 1,495 1,680 3,170 1,495 1,675
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5,010 1,965 3,045 5,015 1,965 3,045
Bikol 25 10 15 25 10 15
Cebuano 190 80 110 190 80 110
Fijian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 40 10 30 40 10 25
Ilocano 300 120 180 300 125 175
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 110 40 70 110 40 75
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 20 30 15 15
Pangasinan 5 5 5 10 5 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,245 1,665 2,580 4,245 1,660 2,580
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 15 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 50 20 30
Creole languages 295 135 155 295 135 160
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 170 75 90 170 80 90
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 95 50 50
Dravidian languages 1,280 625 655 1,275 620 650
Kannada 45 25 20 50 25 25
Malayalam 660 320 340 655 320 340
Tamil 470 220 250 470 220 245
Telugu 100 55 40 100 55 40
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 83,865 40,165 43,695 83,865 40,170 43,695
Albanian 1,275 645 630 1,275 645 630
Armenian 275 135 140 270 135 135
Balto-Slavic languages 25,235 11,650 13,585 25,230 11,645 13,580
Baltic languages 690 280 405 690 280 405
Latvian 290 120 170 290 115 170
Lithuanian 405 165 240 405 165 235
Slavic languages 24,540 11,360 13,175 24,540 11,365 13,175
Belarusan 5 0 5 5 0 5
Bosnian 935 465 475 935 465 470
Bulgarian 135 55 75 135 60 75
Croatian 4,685 2,260 2,425 4,685 2,260 2,425
Czech 940 425 515 940 425 515
Macedonian 485 235 250 485 235 250
Polish 7,275 3,200 4,075 7,280 3,205 4,075
Russian 1,465 645 825 1,465 640 825
Serbian 5,465 2,735 2,730 5,465 2,735 2,735
Serbo-Croatian 380 180 200 380 180 200
Slovak 450 200 250 455 200 255
Slovene (Slovenian) 560 245 320 560 240 315
Ukrainian 1,650 660 990 1,650 660 990
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 105 55 50
Celtic languages 35 15 20 35 15 25
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 15 20 5 15
Welsh 10 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Germanic languages 7,025 3,135 3,890 7,025 3,135 3,890
Afrikaans 135 65 70 135 60 70
Danish 160 75 85 160 75 85
Dutch 2,665 1,215 1,445 2,665 1,215 1,450
Frisian 70 30 35 75 35 40
German 3,825 1,665 2,165 3,825 1,665 2,165
Icelandic 10 0 5 5 5 5
Norwegian 15 5 10 15 5 10
Swedish 55 25 25 50 25 25
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 30 30 60 25 30
Yiddish 35 20 10 30 20 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Greek 1,600 830 770 1,605 830 765
Indo-Iranian languages 16,280 8,280 8,000 16,280 8,280 8,000
Indo-Aryan languages 12,445 6,345 6,095 12,445 6,350 6,095
Bengali 1,165 580 585 1,165 585 585
Gujarati 1,415 780 635 1,415 780 630
Hindi 965 520 445 960 520 440
Kashmiri 10 5 5 10 0 5
Konkani 55 30 30 50 25 30
Marathi 60 35 30 60 35 25
Nepali 185 100 85 180 100 80
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 5 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,585 2,330 2,255 4,580 2,325 2,255
Sindhi 95 50 45 95 45 50
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 235 115 125 235 110 120
Urdu 3,675 1,805 1,870 3,675 1,805 1,870
Iranian languages 3,780 1,895 1,885 3,780 1,895 1,885
Kurdish 1,035 545 490 1,035 545 495
Pashto 245 125 115 245 125 115
Persian (Farsi) 2,500 1,225 1,275 2,500 1,220 1,280
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 60 35 20
Italic (Romance) languages 32,150 15,485 16,665 32,150 15,485 16,665
Catalan 15 5 10 15 5 5
Italian 15,380 7,370 8,010 15,380 7,365 8,010
Portuguese 7,270 3,600 3,675 7,270 3,600 3,675
Romanian 1,735 825 905 1,730 830 905
Spanish 7,725 3,665 4,055 7,725 3,665 4,055
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 25 15 10
Japanese 265 80 180 265 85 185
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 10 5 10
Georgian 10 5 10 10 5 5
Korean 1,375 640 740 1,380 640 740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,360 620 745 1,365 620 745
Akan (Twi) 200 90 110 200 90 105
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 20 5 5 15 5 5
Ewe 30 10 20 30 10 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 10 0 5
Ga 25 15 10 25 15 10
Ganda 35 20 20 30 15 15
Igbo 65 30 35 65 30 30
Lingala 25 15 15 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 55 25 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 35 35 70 35 35
Shona 175 75 100 170 75 95
Swahili 310 140 175 310 140 175
Wolof 0 0 0 0 5 0
Yoruba 85 50 35 85 50 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 110 150 265 110 150
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 70 60 130 70 60
Dinka 15 5 5 15 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 115 60 60
Sign languages 110 55 60 115 55 60
American Sign Language 40 15 25 40 20 25
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 75 35 35 70 35 35
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,085 3,920 4,170 8,085 3,915 4,165
Chinese languages 7,755 3,745 4,010 7,750 3,745 4,010
Cantonese 2,775 1,320 1,450 2,775 1,325 1,450
Hakka 35 15 20 35 15 15
Mandarin 4,350 2,115 2,235 4,350 2,115 2,235
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 180 85 95 175 85 90
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 65 30 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 165 175 345 170 175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 175 155 335 175 160
Burmese 70 30 35 70 30 30
Karenic languages 250 135 115 255 135 120
Tibetan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 15 10 5
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 260 485 225 260
Lao 305 150 155 305 155 150
Thai 185 80 105 185 75 105
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 680 350 330 680 350 330
Azerbaijani 35 15 20 35 15 20
Turkish 605 310 290 600 310 290
Uyghur 5 0 0 5 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 5 0 5
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 35 20 20
Uralic languages 2,605 1,165 1,440 2,605 1,170 1,445
Estonian 135 55 80 135 55 80
Finnish 80 40 45 80 40 45
Hungarian 2,385 1,065 1,315 2,390 1,070 1,320
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 65 40 25
Multiple responses 11,560 5,640 5,915 11,560 5,640 5,920
English and French 1,190 555 635 1,195 555 635
English and non-official language 9,745 4,785 4,960 9,745 4,785 4,960
French and non-official language 400 190 205 400 190 205
English, French and non-official language 220 105 115 220 105 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 530,630 259,745 270,895 530,630 259,745 270,890
Single responses 504,615 247,065 257,550 504,615 247,065 257,550
Official languages 446,765 219,585 227,175 446,760 219,590 227,175
English 444,465 218,535 225,925 444,465 218,535 225,930
French 2,300 1,050 1,250 2,300 1,055 1,245
Non-official languages 57,850 27,475 30,375 57,850 27,480 30,375
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 10 5 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 5 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 5 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 10 0 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 0 5 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 5 5 5 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,830 27,465 30,360 57,830 27,465 30,365
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,810 3,880 3,930 7,810 3,880 3,930
Berber languages 10 5 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 10 10 0
Cushitic languages 705 325 380 700 325 380
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 35 15 20 35 15 15
Somali 670 310 360 670 305 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 7,070 3,530 3,535 7,065 3,535 3,535
Amharic 60 30 35 60 30 30
Arabic 5,210 2,605 2,605 5,210 2,605 2,605
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,435 715 720 1,435 715 715
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 75 70 145 75 70
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 30 40 70 30 40
Maltese 20 10 10 15 10 5
Tigrigna 65 35 30 65 35 30
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 70 35 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 30 15 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,200 1,365 2,565 1,200 1,365
Khmer (Cambodian) 455 195 260 460 200 255
Vietnamese 2,105 1,000 1,105 2,105 1,000 1,105
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,165 965 1,200 2,165 965 1,200
Bikol 5 5 5 5 5 0
Cebuano 80 40 40 80 40 40
Fijian 5 5 0 5 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ilocano 140 65 75 135 60 75
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 25 15 10 25 20 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0 10 0 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,900 835 1,065 1,895 835 1,060
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Creole languages 105 40 65 105 40 65
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 15 5 10
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 45 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 20 10 15
Dravidian languages 640 305 340 640 300 340
Kannada 10 5 5 5 5 5
Malayalam 325 155 175 325 155 175
Tamil 250 115 140 255 115 140
Telugu 55 30 25 55 30 25
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 35,770 16,830 18,940 35,775 16,835 18,940
Albanian 685 325 355 685 325 355
Armenian 100 40 55 100 45 55
Balto-Slavic languages 10,895 5,140 5,750 10,895 5,140 5,750
Baltic languages 180 65 110 180 65 110
Latvian 85 35 50 85 30 55
Lithuanian 95 35 60 100 40 60
Slavic languages 10,715 5,070 5,640 10,715 5,070 5,645
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 510 260 255 510 255 260
Bulgarian 40 15 25 40 15 25
Croatian 1,875 880 1,000 1,875 880 995
Czech 455 220 240 455 215 235
Macedonian 190 90 100 190 85 100
Polish 3,050 1,385 1,665 3,050 1,385 1,665
Russian 800 380 425 800 380 420
Serbian 2,940 1,460 1,485 2,945 1,455 1,485
Serbo-Croatian 155 80 75 155 80 75
Slovak 95 45 50 95 45 50
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 65 85 155 70 85
Ukrainian 410 180 230 410 180 230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 30 15 10
Celtic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 620 290 330 620 290 330
Afrikaans 60 35 30 65 35 30
Danish 5 0 0 5 0 0
Dutch 110 55 55 110 55 50
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 435 195 245 435 195 245
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 5 5 0 5 5 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 615 300 320 620 295 320
Indo-Iranian languages 9,870 4,910 4,955 9,870 4,910 4,960
Indo-Aryan languages 7,685 3,855 3,830 7,685 3,850 3,835
Bengali 750 365 380 750 365 385
Gujarati 820 435 385 820 435 380
Hindi 455 255 205 455 255 200
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 15 5 5 15 5 5
Marathi 20 5 10 15 10 10
Nepali 165 90 80 170 85 75
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,065 1,535 1,530 3,065 1,535 1,535
Sindhi 50 30 25 50 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 60 130 65 65
Urdu 2,215 1,070 1,145 2,215 1,070 1,150
Iranian languages 2,140 1,030 1,110 2,140 1,030 1,110
Kurdish 555 280 280 560 280 280
Pashto 135 60 70 135 60 70
Persian (Farsi) 1,445 690 760 1,445 690 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 40 25 15
Italic (Romance) languages 12,985 5,825 7,170 12,990 5,820 7,165
Catalan 5 5 5 5 0 5
Italian 4,850 1,970 2,875 4,845 1,975 2,875
Portuguese 3,075 1,460 1,615 3,075 1,465 1,615
Romanian 830 400 430 825 395 430
Spanish 4,225 1,990 2,240 4,225 1,990 2,240
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 75 30 45 75 30 45
Kartvelian languages 10 0 5 10 5 5
Georgian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Korean 930 440 495 935 435 495
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 490 215 275 495 215 280
Akan (Twi) 70 30 35 70 35 35
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 5 5 0 0
Ewe 5 5 0 5 0 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 5 10 5 5
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 0
Igbo 20 10 10 20 5 10
Lingala 25 15 10 25 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 5 25 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 20 10 10
Shona 70 25 45 70 25 45
Swahili 175 75 100 170 75 95
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 50 15 30
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 40 20 25
Dinka 5 5 0 5 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 40 20 20
Sign languages 190 105 90 195 105 85
American Sign Language 55 25 30 60 30 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 85 60 140 80 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,555 2,745 2,815 5,555 2,740 2,815
Chinese languages 5,300 2,610 2,690 5,305 2,605 2,690
Cantonese 1,775 830 940 1,770 835 940
Hakka 20 5 10 20 5 15
Mandarin 3,150 1,585 1,570 3,150 1,585 1,565
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 40 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 15 40 20 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 120 120 235 115 120
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 130 120 255 130 120
Burmese 50 25 30 50 20 30
Karenic languages 190 105 90 195 105 90
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 280 145 135 280 145 135
Lao 175 90 85 175 90 85
Thai 105 55 50 110 55 50
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 350 180 180 350 175 175
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 5 5 5
Turkish 330 165 170 330 165 165
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Uralic languages 810 360 450 815 360 450
Estonian 20 10 10 20 10 15
Finnish 5 0 5 5 0 0
Hungarian 785 350 435 790 350 435
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 30 15 10
Multiple responses 26,020 12,675 13,340 26,020 12,680 13,340
English and French 815 390 425 815 390 425
English and non-official language 24,605 12,015 12,595 24,605 12,015 12,595
French and non-official language 165 80 85 160 80 80
English, French and non-official language 440 195 240 440 200 240
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 530,635 259,745 270,890 530,630 259,745 270,895
None 462,505 227,300 235,210 462,505 227,295 235,205
English 24,665 12,100 12,565 24,665 12,100 12,565
French 4,170 1,740 2,425 4,170 1,740 2,425
Non-official language 38,260 18,110 20,150 38,255 18,110 20,150
Aboriginal 100 50 50 100 50 50
Non-Aboriginal 38,160 18,060 20,100 38,160 18,060 20,100
English and French 185 80 105 185 80 105
English and non-official language 440 230 210 440 230 215
French and non-official language 410 185 230 410 185 230
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 0 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 441,055 214,050 227,005 441,060 214,055 227,005
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 422,250 204,960 217,295 422,255 204,960 217,290
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,917 39,174 28,056 32,917 39,174 28,056
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 422,350 204,970 217,380 422,350 204,975 217,380
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,175 35,276 26,142 30,175 35,276 26,142
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 371,365 184,245 187,125 371,370 184,245 187,125
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,674 38,568 25,865 31,674 38,568 25,865
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 311,410 139,555 171,855 311,410 139,555 171,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,375 3,136 6,497 5,375 3,136 6,497
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 306,895 159,365 147,525 306,895 159,370 147,530
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,209 38,437 28,993 33,209 38,437 28,993
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 441,055 214,030 227,030 441,055 214,025 227,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 422,435 204,875 217,565 422,435 204,875 217,560
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,966 51,255 37,103 43,966 51,255 37,103
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 422,525 204,890 217,640 422,530 204,890 217,640
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,820 41,918 32,021 36,820 41,918 32,021
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 371,340 184,050 187,300 371,340 184,045 187,295
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,381 51,495 35,408 43,381 51,495 35,408
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 311,000 139,420 171,580 311,000 139,420 171,580
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,922 7,339 8,396 7,922 7,339 8,396
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 306,895 159,335 147,560 306,895 159,335 147,560
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,099 48,918 36,815 43,099 48,918 36,815
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 441,060 214,030 227,030 441,055 214,025 227,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 145,570 81,005 64,565 145,570 81,005 64,565
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,880 59,430 48,308 53,880 59,430 48,308
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,903 69,433 54,710 62,903 69,433 54,710
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.7 90.2 82.2 86.7 90.2 82.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.5 74.9 67.0 71.5 74.9 67.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.3 9.8 17.8 13.3 9.8 17.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 441,055 214,050 227,005 441,055 214,050 227,005
Without total income 18,805 9,090 9,715 18,805 9,085 9,715
With total income 422,250 204,960 217,290 422,255 204,965 217,290
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.8 95.7 95.7 95.8 95.7
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,815 27,315 33,500 60,820 27,315 33,505
$10,000 to $19,999 74,265 29,655 44,605 74,260 29,650 44,605
$20,000 to $29,999 61,205 24,890 36,315 61,205 24,885 36,320
$30,000 to $39,999 48,715 22,500 26,215 48,720 22,500 26,220
$40,000 to $49,999 42,880 20,780 22,100 42,875 20,780 22,100
$50,000 to $59,999 33,395 17,370 16,020 33,395 17,370 16,020
$60,000 to $69,999 25,570 14,430 11,145 25,570 14,430 11,140
$70,000 to $79,999 18,820 11,300 7,520 18,815 11,295 7,520
$80,000 to $89,999 14,550 8,880 5,670 14,545 8,885 5,670
$90,000 to $99,999 12,630 7,215 5,420 12,635 7,210 5,420
$100,000 and over 29,410 20,630 8,780 29,410 20,630 8,780
$100,000 to $149,999 20,320 13,880 6,445 20,320 13,880 6,445
$150,000 and over 9,090 6,755 2,340 9,090 6,755 2,340
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 441,055 214,050 227,005 441,055 214,050 227,005
Without after-tax income 18,705 9,080 9,630 18,705 9,080 9,630
With after-tax income 422,350 204,975 217,375 422,350 204,975 217,380
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.8 95.8 95.8 95.8 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 62,340 27,690 34,650 62,345 27,690 34,650
$10,000 to $19,999 77,460 30,970 46,485 77,455 30,970 46,485
$20,000 to $29,999 70,340 29,300 41,045 70,345 29,300 41,040
$30,000 to $39,999 58,745 27,835 30,910 58,740 27,835 30,910
$40,000 to $49,999 48,410 24,765 23,645 48,405 24,765 23,645
$50,000 to $59,999 34,165 19,275 14,895 34,165 19,270 14,890
$60,000 to $69,999 23,455 14,205 9,245 23,455 14,205 9,250
$70,000 to $79,999 17,960 10,595 7,360 17,960 10,595 7,365
$80,000 and over 29,475 20,335 9,140 29,475 20,335 9,140
$80,000 to $89,999 10,665 6,790 3,875 10,665 6,785 3,875
$90,000 to $99,999 5,625 3,950 1,680 5,625 3,945 1,680
$100,000 and over 13,190 9,600 3,585 13,185 9,600 3,590
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 441,060 214,055 227,005 441,055 214,055 227,005
Without employment income 134,160 54,685 79,475 134,160 54,680 79,475
With employment income 306,895 159,365 147,530 306,895 159,365 147,525
Percentage with employment income 69.6 74.5 65.0 69.6 74.5 65.0
Under $5,000 (including loss) 45,470 24,620 20,855 45,475 24,615 20,860
$5,000 to $9,999 24,535 10,965 13,575 24,535 10,965 13,570
$10,000 to $19,999 40,530 17,955 22,575 40,530 17,955 22,580
$20,000 to $29,999 33,030 14,600 18,435 33,030 14,600 18,430
$30,000 to $39,999 30,880 13,740 17,145 30,885 13,735 17,145
$40,000 to $49,999 28,585 13,665 14,920 28,585 13,665 14,925
$50,000 to $59,999 24,495 13,115 11,385 24,500 13,110 11,390
$60,000 to $69,999 18,830 11,040 7,795 18,835 11,040 7,800
$70,000 to $79,999 14,635 9,055 5,580 14,640 9,060 5,575
$80,000 and over 45,885 30,620 15,265 45,885 30,615 15,265
$80,000 to $89,999 11,885 7,340 4,545 11,885 7,345 4,540
$90,000 to $99,999 11,140 6,320 4,815 11,140 6,320 4,820
$100,000 and over 22,855 16,955 5,905 22,860 16,950 5,905
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,024  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,024  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 59,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,153  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,153  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,294  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 152,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,222  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,222  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 211,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,524  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,524  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 59,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 152,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 152,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 67,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 12,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 211,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 50,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 16,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 146,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,506  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,506  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,524  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,524  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 49,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 66,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,867  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,867  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 26,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,546  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,546  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,903  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,903  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 146,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 49,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,059  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,059  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 66,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,794  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,794  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 26,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,514  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,514  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,185 37,400 39,790 77,185 37,395 39,790
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,985 31,606 28,738 29,985 31,606 28,738
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,742 28,856 26,908 27,742 28,856 26,908
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 76,920 37,110 39,815 76,925 37,110 39,815
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,322 40,905 37,847 39,322 40,905 37,847
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,571 34,253 32,936 33,571 34,253 32,936
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 527,930 258,710 269,220 527,930 258,705 269,220
In the bottom half of the distribution 260,965 124,270 136,695 260,965 124,270 136,695
In the bottom decile 55,730 27,035 28,695 55,735 27,035 28,695
In the second decile 52,770 23,585 29,185 52,775 23,585 29,185
In the third decile 50,855 23,990 26,865 50,855 23,990 26,865
In the fourth decile 50,490 24,340 26,150 50,490 24,340 26,150
In the fifth decile 51,115 25,320 25,800 51,120 25,320 25,795
In the top half of the distribution 266,965 134,440 132,525 266,970 134,440 132,530
In the sixth decile 52,125 25,900 26,225 52,120 25,900 26,225
In the seventh decile 54,610 27,345 27,265 54,610 27,350 27,265
In the eighth decile 55,585 27,975 27,605 55,585 27,975 27,605
In the ninth decile 56,995 28,840 28,160 56,995 28,840 28,155
In the top decile 47,650 24,375 23,275 47,650 24,375 23,275
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,930 258,710 269,225 527,930 258,710 269,220
0 to 17 years 105,460 54,260 51,200 105,455 54,260 51,200
0 to 5 years 33,955 17,450 16,505 33,960 17,450 16,505
18 to 64 years 335,605 165,250 170,355 335,610 165,255 170,355
65 years and over 86,865 39,195 47,670 86,870 39,195 47,670
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 80,915 37,515 43,405 80,915 37,510 43,405
0 to 17 years 22,175 11,290 10,885 22,180 11,295 10,885
0 to 5 years 7,760 3,925 3,830 7,755 3,925 3,835
18 to 64 years 48,630 22,665 25,965 48,625 22,665 25,960
65 years and over 10,110 3,555 6,555 10,110 3,560 6,555
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.5 16.1 15.3 14.5 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.0 20.8 21.3 21.0 20.8 21.3
0 to 5 years (%) 22.9 22.5 23.2 22.8 22.5 23.2
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 13.7 15.2 14.5 13.7 15.2
65 years and over (%) 11.6 9.1 13.8 11.6 9.1 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 64,745 30,875 33,870 64,745 30,875 33,865
0 to 17 years 16,530 8,410 8,115 16,530 8,415 8,115
0 to 5 years 5,885 2,980 2,905 5,885 2,980 2,905
18 to 64 years 41,745 20,240 21,500 41,740 20,240 21,500
65 years and over 6,470 2,220 4,250 6,470 2,220 4,250
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.3 11.9 12.6 12.3 11.9 12.6
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.5 15.8 15.7 15.5 15.8
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.1 17.6 17.3 17.1 17.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 12.2 12.6 12.4 12.2 12.6
65 years and over (%) 7.4 5.7 8.9 7.4 5.7 8.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 527,930 258,710 269,225 527,935 258,710 269,220
Official languages 518,185 254,795 263,395 518,185 254,795 263,395
English 517,735 254,560 263,170 517,735 254,565 263,170
French 30,835 13,600 17,230 30,835 13,600 17,230
Non-official languages 151,090 72,345 78,745 151,090 72,345 78,745
Aboriginal languages 225 110 115 225 110 115
Algonquian languages 95 55 40 95 55 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 25 0 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 10 10 10 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 10 10 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 0 10 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 40 25 65 35 25
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 55 35 25 55 35 25
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 115 55 60 115 55 55
Cayuga 40 15 20 40 20 25
Mohawk 95 55 45 95 50 45
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 150,865 72,240 78,630 150,870 72,240 78,630
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,100 8,285 7,815 16,105 8,285 7,815
Berber languages 15 0 10 15 10 10
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 15 10 10
Cushitic languages 1,180 480 700 1,185 485 700
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 85 35 50 85 35 50
Somali 1,100 450 650 1,100 455 650
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 14,980 7,825 7,155 14,980 7,830 7,155
Amharic 260 135 125 265 140 125
Arabic 12,060 6,295 5,760 12,060 6,295 5,765
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,820 1,420 1,395 2,815 1,420 1,400
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 315 160 150 315 160 150
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 500 280 215 500 280 220
Maltese 235 120 115 235 120 115
Tigrigna 140 65 75 140 65 75
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 60 30 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,590 2,145 2,440 4,585 2,150 2,440
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,010 440 565 1,010 440 570
Vietnamese 3,605 1,725 1,885 3,605 1,725 1,885
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 6,535 2,605 3,935 6,540 2,605 3,935
Bikol 25 15 10 25 10 10
Cebuano 190 55 135 190 60 135
Fijian 25 15 10 25 15 10
Hiligaynon 60 20 40 55 20 40
Ilocano 455 180 275 455 180 275
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 220 105 120 225 105 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 40 10 30
Pangasinan 15 10 10 15 0 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,075 2,405 3,665 6,075 2,405 3,670
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 45 65 20 45
Creole languages 690 330 360 695 330 365
Haitian Creole 75 30 50 75 25 50
Creole, n.o.s. 255 125 125 250 130 125
Creole languages, n.i.e. 365 175 190 365 175 190
Dravidian languages 1,615 770 845 1,615 770 845
Kannada 55 35 20 55 35 20
Malayalam 820 380 440 820 385 440
Tamil 695 330 365 695 330 365
Telugu 155 95 65 155 90 65
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 104,685 50,190 54,490 104,685 50,195 54,490
Albanian 1,570 785 785 1,575 785 785
Armenian 395 195 200 395 195 200
Balto-Slavic languages 29,495 13,875 15,620 29,495 13,875 15,620
Baltic languages 825 350 475 830 350 475
Latvian 365 155 205 365 155 205
Lithuanian 460 190 270 460 195 270
Slavic languages 28,720 13,555 15,170 28,720 13,550 15,170
Belarusan 30 10 25 30 0 25
Bosnian 1,295 665 625 1,290 670 625
Bulgarian 105 40 70 105 40 70
Croatian 6,780 3,310 3,470 6,780 3,310 3,470
Czech 1,290 590 700 1,290 590 700
Macedonian 730 325 405 730 320 410
Polish 8,610 3,840 4,770 8,610 3,840 4,770
Russian 2,450 1,180 1,275 2,450 1,180 1,275
Serbian 6,280 3,180 3,100 6,280 3,180 3,100
Serbo-Croatian 380 185 195 385 190 195
Slovak 530 260 275 530 255 275
Slovene (Slovenian) 675 285 395 675 285 395
Ukrainian 2,105 855 1,250 2,100 855 1,250
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 190 115 70 185 115 70
Celtic languages 135 55 80 130 55 75
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 55 25 25
Welsh 25 10 15 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 50 20 35
Germanic languages 9,610 4,285 5,325 9,610 4,285 5,325
Afrikaans 290 130 155 290 130 160
Danish 220 85 135 220 85 140
Dutch 3,060 1,415 1,640 3,055 1,415 1,640
Frisian 110 55 50 110 60 50
German 5,940 2,630 3,310 5,940 2,630 3,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 35 15 20 40 15 20
Swedish 155 70 85 160 70 85
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 30 20 40 30 20
Yiddish 60 15 35 60 20 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 10 0
Greek 2,205 1,170 1,030 2,205 1,170 1,030
Indo-Iranian languages 20,460 10,285 10,175 20,460 10,285 10,175
Indo-Aryan languages 16,275 8,195 8,080 16,275 8,195 8,080
Bengali 1,580 780 795 1,580 780 795
Gujarati 1,750 925 825 1,750 930 825
Hindi 4,415 2,245 2,175 4,415 2,240 2,170
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 0 0
Konkani 80 30 50 80 30 50
Marathi 125 80 45 125 80 45
Nepali 210 110 95 205 115 95
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,645 3,405 3,235 6,640 3,405 3,235
Sindhi 210 100 110 215 100 110
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 290 150 145 295 150 145
Urdu 5,560 2,745 2,810 5,555 2,750 2,815
Iranian languages 4,395 2,180 2,210 4,395 2,185 2,210
Kurdish 1,550 795 755 1,550 795 755
Pashto 355 200 160 360 200 160
Persian (Farsi) 2,690 1,310 1,380 2,690 1,310 1,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 135 75 65
Italic (Romance) languages 43,090 20,605 22,485 43,090 20,605 22,485
Catalan 15 10 0 15 10 0
Italian 20,665 9,865 10,805 20,665 9,860 10,805
Portuguese 9,260 4,615 4,640 9,260 4,620 4,645
Romanian 1,985 935 1,050 1,985 935 1,050
Spanish 12,355 5,750 6,610 12,355 5,750 6,605
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 80 60 20 80 55 20
Japanese 655 325 325 650 325 325
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 0 10 0
Georgian 10 0 10 10 0 0
Korean 1,720 770 950 1,720 770 950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 2,675 1,265 1,410 2,675 1,265 1,410
Akan (Twi) 405 200 205 405 200 205
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 30 10 25 30 0 25
Ewe 45 15 30 45 10 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 20 0 20
Ga 40 15 25 45 15 25
Ganda 50 25 20 50 25 25
Igbo 190 130 60 190 130 60
Lingala 335 150 180 335 150 180
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 40 65 25 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 195 85 105 195 85 105
Shona 340 145 200 340 145 195
Swahili 685 315 375 690 320 370
Wolof 15 10 15 15 10 15
Yoruba 205 105 100 205 105 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 455 210 245 455 210 245
Nilo-Saharan languages 255 125 130 250 125 125
Dinka 20 15 10 25 15 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 230 110 115
Sign languages 815 355 460 810 360 455
American Sign Language 375 120 250 375 120 250
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 450 235 215 445 230 215
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,945 4,345 4,600 8,945 4,345 4,600
Chinese languages 8,545 4,130 4,415 8,550 4,130 4,420
Cantonese 3,430 1,630 1,800 3,430 1,630 1,800
Hakka 50 20 30 55 20 30
Mandarin 5,345 2,600 2,745 5,345 2,600 2,745
Min Dong 20 15 10 20 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 105 145 240 100 140
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 60 70 125 60 70
Chinese, n.o.s. 370 180 190 370 180 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 395 210 185 400 215 185
Burmese 65 40 25 65 35 25
Karenic languages 360 185 175 365 190 175
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 775 380 400 775 375 395
Lao 520 250 270 520 245 270
Thai 355 170 185 355 170 185
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 945 475 475 945 470 475
Azerbaijani 50 20 30 50 20 30
Turkish 875 440 435 875 435 435
Uyghur 15 0 10 15 10 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 35 25 10
Uralic languages 2,945 1,345 1,600 2,945 1,350 1,600
Estonian 170 75 90 175 80 90
Finnish 55 25 30 55 30 30
Hungarian 2,720 1,240 1,475 2,720 1,240 1,475
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 235 140 95 230 140 90
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 527,930 258,710 269,220 527,930 258,710 269,225
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 497,490 244,095 253,390 497,485 244,095 253,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 100,610 51,815 48,795 100,605 51,815 48,795
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 396,875 192,280 204,600 396,880 192,280 204,600
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 30,445 14,615 15,835 30,445 14,615 15,830
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 527,930 258,710 269,225 527,935 258,710 269,220
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 391,335 193,900 197,430 391,335 193,905 197,430
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 130,365 61,495 68,875 130,365 61,490 68,875
Before 1981 50,625 23,640 26,985 50,630 23,640 26,985
1981 to 1990 16,570 8,115 8,455 16,570 8,115 8,450
1991 to 2000 23,695 11,370 12,330 23,695 11,370 12,330
2001 to 2010 26,330 12,075 14,250 26,325 12,075 14,250
2001 to 2005 12,920 5,880 7,035 12,915 5,880 7,040
2006 to 2010 13,410 6,190 7,215 13,410 6,195 7,220
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,150 6,295 6,855 13,150 6,295 6,855
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,230 3,315 2,920 6,225 3,310 2,920
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 130,370 61,495 68,875 130,365 61,495 68,875
Under 5 years 14,640 7,220 7,420 14,645 7,225 7,420
5 to 14 years 26,920 13,595 13,325 26,920 13,600 13,325
15 to 24 years 31,680 14,125 17,560 31,680 14,125 17,555
25 to 44 years 48,430 22,665 25,760 48,435 22,665 25,760
45 years and over 8,695 3,880 4,815 8,695 3,880 4,810
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 130,365 61,490 68,875 130,370 61,495 68,875
Americas 17,010 7,520 9,490 17,010 7,520 9,490
Brazil 330 145 180 330 145 180
Colombia 1,395 640 755 1,400 640 755
El Salvador 1,595 775 825 1,600 775 825
Guyana 1,230 515 715 1,230 515 715
Haiti 210 105 105 210 100 105
Jamaica 2,780 1,255 1,525 2,780 1,250 1,525
Mexico 600 290 310 600 285 310
Peru 225 110 115 225 110 120
Trinidad and Tobago 1,250 510 735 1,250 510 740
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,900 1,600 2,300 3,900 1,600 2,300
Other places of birth in Americas 3,490 1,580 1,910 3,495 1,580 1,915
Europe 63,400 30,100 33,295 63,400 30,100 33,300
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,710 1,380 1,330 2,715 1,380 1,330
Croatia 4,800 2,345 2,450 4,805 2,345 2,455
France 385 185 205 385 185 200
Germany 3,020 1,345 1,675 3,020 1,345 1,675
Greece 1,355 725 630 1,355 725 625
Hungary 1,490 700 790 1,485 695 790
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 575 280 295 580 285 295
Italy 10,790 5,230 5,560 10,790 5,230 5,560
Netherlands 2,495 1,235 1,260 2,500 1,235 1,260
Poland 5,775 2,610 3,165 5,775 2,610 3,165
Portugal 5,600 2,800 2,800 5,605 2,800 2,800
Romania 1,710 790 920 1,705 790 915
Russian Federation 700 290 410 700 290 410
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,730 830 900 1,725 830 900
Ukraine 855 365 490 855 365 490
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,965 6,370 7,590 13,960 6,375 7,590
Other places of birth in Europe 5,445 2,625 2,820 5,445 2,625 2,815
Africa 7,495 3,610 3,880 7,495 3,605 3,885
Algeria 70 40 35 70 35 35
Egypt 805 435 365 800 435 365
Ethiopia 355 145 205 350 145 205
Kenya 440 195 245 440 200 245
Morocco 175 95 75 175 95 70
Nigeria 415 200 215 415 195 215
Somalia 580 215 365 575 215 365
South Africa, Republic of 635 300 335 640 305 340
Other places of birth in Africa 4,020 1,980 2,035 4,025 1,985 2,040
Asia 42,025 20,045 21,985 42,025 20,040 21,985
Afghanistan 945 460 490 950 455 490
Bangladesh 1,020 505 515 1,020 505 515
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,875 1,740 2,140 3,880 1,735 2,145
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 630 300 330 630 305 330
India 6,585 3,280 3,305 6,585 3,275