Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton, C
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Hamilton, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 536,917 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 519,949 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 222,918 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 211,596 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 480.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,117.29 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 536,920 262,530 274,390 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 87,120 44,815 42,305 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 28,275 14,565 13,710 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 29,355 15,020 14,335 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 29,485 15,230 14,260 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 356,890 176,610 180,285 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 32,130 16,610 15,515 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 36,710 18,870 17,840 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 35,720 17,915 17,810 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 34,725 17,200 17,525 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 32,400 15,790 16,615 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 32,755 15,855 16,905 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 36,350 17,690 18,655 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 41,950 20,630 21,310 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 40,075 19,725 20,350 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 34,085 16,315 17,765 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 92,910 41,105 51,805 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 29,340 13,860 15,480 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 21,055 9,925 11,135 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 16,110 7,305 8,805 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 12,470 5,195 7,275 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 13,930 4,815 9,110 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 8,685 3,260 5,425 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 4,165 1,315 2,850 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 955 215 740 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 125 25 95 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.2 17.1 15.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.5 67.3 65.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.3 15.7 18.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.3 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.3 40.1 42.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.5 40.0 42.8 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 211,600 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 121,215 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,565 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 56,450 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,490 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 24,720 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,685 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 18,110 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 450 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 365 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 211,595 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 59,575 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 68,030 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 33,720 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 30,960 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 19,310 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 527,930 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 449,800 217,710 232,085 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 246,910 123,480 123,425 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 208,700 104,375 104,325 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 38,205 19,105 19,100 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 202,890 94,230 108,660 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 131,065 70,920 60,140 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 14,680 6,220 8,455 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 28,945 11,460 17,490 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 28,200 5,625 22,570 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 149,355 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 72,015 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 33,455 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 30,275 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,610 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 149,355 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 120,715 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 101,625 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,090 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 28,640 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 23,090 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 5,550 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 120,715 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 54,755 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 65,960 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 25,315 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 27,885 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 12,765 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 28,635 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 17,265 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 8,140 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,240 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 89,250 42,230 47,020 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 211,595 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 139,620 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 51,060 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 88,560 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,755 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 67,220 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 59,575 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,645 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 530,635 259,745 270,890 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 489,910 242,380 247,535 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 375 160 215 1,110 530 580
English and French 30,530 13,280 17,255 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 9,815 3,925 5,890 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 530,635 259,745 270,890 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 512,265 251,770 260,495 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 6,760 3,170 3,590 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,975 970 1,005 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 9,635 3,830 5,805 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,750 3,655 4,090 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 530,635 259,740 270,895 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 519,075 254,100 264,970 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 396,540 195,590 200,945 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 389,870 192,485 197,385 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 6,670 3,110 3,560 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 122,535 58,510 64,025 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 70 40 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 30 20 15 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 5 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 15 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 122,465 58,470 63,995 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,835 6,540 6,295 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 10 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,040 490 550 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 45 25 15 165 95 75
Somali 1,000 465 530 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 11,740 6,020 5,715 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 195 95 105 1,140 560 585
Arabic 8,585 4,465 4,120 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,225 1,090 1,130 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 215 110 100 440 240 195
Harari 0 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 145 80 65 1,770 960 805
Maltese 125 65 60 80 40 40
Tigrigna 130 60 70 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,980 1,865 2,120 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 815 375 440 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 3,170 1,495 1,680 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 5,010 1,965 3,045 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 25 10 15 310 140 170
Cebuano 190 80 110 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 40 10 30 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 300 120 180 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 110 40 70 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 20 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,245 1,665 2,580 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 830 360 470
Creole languages 295 135 155 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 170 75 90 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,280 625 655 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 45 25 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 660 320 340 1,750 905 845
Tamil 470 220 250 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 100 55 40 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 83,865 40,165 43,695 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,275 645 630 1,090 560 530
Armenian 275 135 140 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 25,235 11,650 13,585 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 690 280 405 645 280 370
Latvian 290 120 170 320 145 175
Lithuanian 405 165 240 325 130 200
Slavic languages 24,540 11,360 13,175 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 935 465 475 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 135 55 75 1,725 805 915
Croatian 4,685 2,260 2,425 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 940 425 515 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 485 235 250 250 120 135
Polish 7,275 3,200 4,075 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,465 645 825 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5,465 2,735 2,730 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 380 180 200 1,145 545 600
Slovak 450 200 250 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 560 245 320 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,650 660 990 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 180 90 90
Celtic languages 35 15 20 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 15 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 7,025 3,135 3,890 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 135 65 70 1,435 730 705
Danish 160 75 85 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,665 1,215 1,445 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 70 30 35 80 30 50
German 3,825 1,665 2,165 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 55 25 25 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 55 30 30 200 105 95
Yiddish 35 20 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 20 15
Greek 1,600 830 770 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 16,280 8,280 8,000 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 12,445 6,345 6,095 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,165 580 585 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,415 780 635 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 965 520 445 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 55 30 30 225 110 110
Marathi 60 35 30 535 280 255
Nepali 185 100 85 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,585 2,330 2,255 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 95 50 45 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 235 115 125 1,455 730 725
Urdu 3,675 1,805 1,870 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,780 1,895 1,885 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,035 545 490 1,650 875 780
Pashto 245 125 115 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 2,500 1,225 1,275 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 32,150 15,485 16,665 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 5 10 125 65 55
Italian 15,380 7,370 8,010 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 7,270 3,600 3,675 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,735 825 905 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 7,725 3,665 4,055 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 60 40 25
Japanese 265 80 180 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 10 65 40 25
Korean 1,375 640 740 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,360 620 745 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 200 90 110 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 20 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 30 10 20 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 25 15 10 35 15 15
Ganda 35 20 20 65 35 30
Igbo 65 30 35 160 90 65
Lingala 25 15 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 35 35 105 45 55
Shona 175 75 100 150 70 85
Swahili 310 140 175 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 85 50 35 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 110 150 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 70 60 265 135 135
Dinka 15 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 190 85 100
Sign languages 110 55 60 620 330 295
American Sign Language 40 15 25 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 75 35 35 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,085 3,920 4,170 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 7,755 3,745 4,010 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,775 1,320 1,450 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 35 15 20 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 4,350 2,115 2,235 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 180 85 95 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 30 35 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 165 175 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 335 175 155 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 70 30 35 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 250 135 115 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 260 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 305 150 155 800 405 400
Thai 185 80 105 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 680 350 330 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 35 15 20 495 275 225
Turkish 605 310 290 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,605 1,165 1,440 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 135 55 80 455 195 260
Finnish 80 40 45 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 2,385 1,065 1,315 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 365 200 170
Multiple responses 11,560 5,640 5,915 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,190 555 635 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 9,745 4,785 4,960 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 400 190 205 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 220 105 115 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 530,630 259,745 270,895 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 504,615 247,065 257,550 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 446,765 219,585 227,175 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 444,465 218,535 225,925 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,300 1,050 1,250 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 57,850 27,475 30,375 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,830 27,465 30,360 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,810 3,880 3,930 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 705 325 380 695 315 380
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 35 15 20 80 40 35
Somali 670 310 360 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,070 3,530 3,535 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 60 30 35 535 250 290
Arabic 5,210 2,605 2,605 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,435 715 720 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 145 75 70 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 65 30 40 785 400 385
Maltese 20 10 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 65 35 30 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,200 1,365 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 455 195 260 620 290 330
Vietnamese 2,105 1,000 1,105 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,165 965 1,200 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 5 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 80 40 40 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 5 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 140 65 75 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 25 15 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,900 835 1,065 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 105 40 65 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 45 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 640 305 340 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 5 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 325 155 175 885 450 435
Tamil 250 115 140 1,935 965 965
Telugu 55 30 25 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 35,770 16,830 18,940 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 685 325 355 530 255 270
Armenian 100 40 55 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 10,895 5,140 5,750 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 180 65 110 160 75 90
Latvian 85 35 50 65 30 35
Lithuanian 95 35 60 90 45 50
Slavic languages 10,715 5,070 5,640 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 510 260 255 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 15 25 925 425 495
Croatian 1,875 880 1,000 1,795 840 955
Czech 455 220 240 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 190 90 100 120 60 60
Polish 3,050 1,385 1,665 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 800 380 425 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 2,940 1,460 1,485 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 155 80 75 435 205 235
Slovak 95 45 50 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 155 65 85 60 25 35
Ukrainian 410 180 230 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 620 290 330 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 60 35 30 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 110 55 55 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 435 195 245 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 615 300 320 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 9,870 4,910 4,955 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 7,685 3,855 3,830 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 750 365 380 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 820 435 385 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 455 255 205 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 15 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 20 5 10 245 125 120
Nepali 165 90 80 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,065 1,535 1,530 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 50 30 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 60 595 290 305
Urdu 2,215 1,070 1,145 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 2,140 1,030 1,110 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 555 280 280 1,025 515 505
Pashto 135 60 70 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,445 690 760 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 12,985 5,825 7,170 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 4,850 1,970 2,875 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 3,075 1,460 1,615 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 830 400 430 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 4,225 1,990 2,240 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 75 30 45 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 930 440 495 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 490 215 275 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 70 30 35 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 20 10 10 35 20 15
Lingala 25 15 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 15 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 45 15 30
Shona 70 25 45 40 15 20
Swahili 175 75 100 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 105 50 55
Dinka 5 5 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 190 105 90 830 460 370
American Sign Language 55 25 30 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 85 60 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,555 2,745 2,815 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,300 2,610 2,690 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,775 830 940 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 20 5 10 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,150 1,585 1,570 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 40 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 15 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 120 120 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 130 120 1,630 820 810
Burmese 50 25 30 685 350 335
Karenic languages 190 105 90 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 280 145 135 1,015 435 580
Lao 175 90 85 335 160 175
Thai 105 55 50 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 350 180 180 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 185 95 90
Turkish 330 165 170 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 810 360 450 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 10 10 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 785 350 435 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 26,020 12,675 13,340 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 815 390 425 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 24,605 12,015 12,595 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 165 80 85 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 440 195 240 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 530,635 259,745 270,890 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 462,505 227,300 235,210 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 24,665 12,100 12,565 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,170 1,740 2,425 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 38,260 18,110 20,150 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 100 50 50 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 38,160 18,060 20,100 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 185 80 105 965 435 530
English and non-official language 440 230 210 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 410 185 230 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 441,055 214,050 227,005 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 422,250 204,960 217,295 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,917 39,174 28,056 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 422,350 204,970 217,380 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,175 35,276 26,142 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 371,365 184,245 187,125 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,674 38,568 25,865 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 311,410 139,555 171,855 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,375 3,136 6,497 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 306,895 159,365 147,525 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,209 38,437 28,993 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 441,055 214,030 227,030 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 422,435 204,875 217,565 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,966 51,255 37,103 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 422,525 204,890 217,640 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,820 41,918 32,021 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 371,340 184,050 187,300 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,381 51,495 35,408 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 311,000 139,420 171,580 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,922 7,339 8,396 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 306,895 159,335 147,560 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,099 48,918 36,815 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 441,060 214,030 227,030 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 145,570 81,005 64,565 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,880 59,430 48,308 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,903 69,433 54,710 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.7 90.2 82.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.5 74.9 67.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.3 9.8 17.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 441,055 214,050 227,005 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 18,805 9,090 9,715 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 422,250 204,960 217,290 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,815 27,315 33,500 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 74,265 29,655 44,605 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 61,205 24,890 36,315 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 48,715 22,500 26,215 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 42,880 20,780 22,100 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 33,395 17,370 16,020 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 25,570 14,430 11,145 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 18,820 11,300 7,520 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 14,550 8,880 5,670 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 12,630 7,215 5,420 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 29,410 20,630 8,780 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 20,320 13,880 6,445 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 9,090 6,755 2,340 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 441,055 214,050 227,005 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 18,705 9,080 9,630 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 422,350 204,975 217,375 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.8 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 62,340 27,690 34,650 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 77,460 30,970 46,485 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 70,340 29,300 41,045 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 58,745 27,835 30,910 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 48,410 24,765 23,645 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 34,165 19,275 14,895 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 23,455 14,205 9,245 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 17,960 10,595 7,360 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 29,475 20,335 9,140 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 10,665 6,790 3,875 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 5,625 3,950 1,680 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 13,190 9,600 3,585 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 441,060 214,055 227,005 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 134,160 54,685 79,475 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 306,895 159,365 147,530 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.6 74.5 65.0 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 45,470 24,620 20,855 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 24,535 10,965 13,575 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 40,530 17,955 22,575 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 33,030 14,600 18,435 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 30,880 13,740 17,145 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 28,585 13,665 14,920 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 24,495 13,115 11,385 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 18,830 11,040 7,795 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 14,635 9,055 5,580 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 45,885 30,620 15,265 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 11,885 7,340 4,545 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,140 6,320 4,815 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 22,855 16,955 5,905 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 211,595 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,024 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,168 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 59,580 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,153 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,294 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 152,020 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,222 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,378 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 211,600 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,775 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,524 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 59,540 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,475 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,039 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 152,060 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,511 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,201 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 211,595 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,110 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,865 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,590 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,450 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,765 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,765 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,930 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,460 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,145 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,745 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,580 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,835 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,300 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,360 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,395 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 67,325 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,110 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,255 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,105 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 12,855 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 211,595 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,270 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,935 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,675 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,790 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,870 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,740 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,335 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,915 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,750 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,320 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,135 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,905 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,590 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,635 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,590 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 50,140 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,900 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,690 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,550 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 146,680 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,506 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,524 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 49,660 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,534 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,175 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 66,375 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,867 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,603 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 26,390 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,546 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,903 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 146,805 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,908 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,381 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 49,700 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,059 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,825 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 66,505 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,511 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,794 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 26,325 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,514 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,084 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,185 37,400 39,790 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,985 31,606 28,738 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,742 28,856 26,908 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 76,920 37,110 39,815 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,322 40,905 37,847 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,571 34,253 32,936 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 527,930 258,710 269,220 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 260,965 124,270 136,695 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 55,730 27,035 28,695 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 52,770 23,585 29,185 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 50,855 23,990 26,865 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 50,490 24,340 26,150 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 51,115 25,320 25,800 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 266,965 134,440 132,525 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 52,125 25,900 26,225 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 54,610 27,345 27,265 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 55,585 27,975 27,605 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 56,995 28,840 28,160 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 47,650 24,375 23,275 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 527,930 258,710 269,225 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 105,460 54,260 51,200 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 33,955 17,450 16,505 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 335,605 165,250 170,355 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 86,865 39,195 47,670 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 80,915 37,515 43,405 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 22,175 11,290 10,885 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 7,760 3,925 3,830 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 48,630 22,665 25,965 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 10,110 3,555 6,555 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.5 16.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.0 20.8 21.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.9 22.5 23.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 13.7 15.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.6 9.1 13.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 64,745 30,875 33,870 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 16,530 8,410 8,115 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 5,885 2,980 2,905 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 41,745 20,240 21,500 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 6,470 2,220 4,250 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.3 11.9 12.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 15.5 15.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.1 17.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 12.2 12.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 7.4 5.7 8.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 527,930 258,710 269,225 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 518,185 254,795 263,395 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 517,735 254,560 263,170 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 30,835 13,600 17,230 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 151,090 72,345 78,745 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 225 110 115 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 95 55 40 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 40 25 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 55 35 25 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 115 55 60 0 10 10
Cayuga 40 15 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 95 55 45 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 150,865 72,240 78,630 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,100 8,285 7,815 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 0 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,180 480 700 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 85 35 50 190 110 80
Somali 1,100 450 650 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 14,980 7,825 7,155 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 260 135 125 1,755 905 855
Arabic 12,060 6,295 5,760 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,820 1,420 1,395 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 315 160 150 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 500 280 215 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 235 120 115 165 90 80
Tigrigna 140 65 75 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,590 2,145 2,440 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,010 440 565 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 3,605 1,725 1,885 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 6,535 2,605 3,935 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 15 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 190 55 135 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 25 15 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 60 20 40 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 455 180 275 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 220 105 120 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,075 2,405 3,665 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 20 45 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 690 330 360 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 75 30 50 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 255 125 125 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 365 175 190 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,615 770 845 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 55 35 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 820 380 440 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 695 330 365 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 155 95 65 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 104,685 50,190 54,490 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,570 785 785 1,135 580 555
Armenian 395 195 200 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 29,495 13,875 15,620 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 825 350 475 635 310 325
Latvian 365 155 205 310 175 140
Lithuanian 460 190 270 325 135 185
Slavic languages 28,720 13,555 15,170 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 30 10 25 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,295 665 625 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 105 40 70 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 6,780 3,310 3,470 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,290 590 700 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 730 325 405 345 180 160
Polish 8,610 3,840 4,770 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,450 1,180 1,275 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 6,280 3,180 3,100 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 380 185 195 1,240 595 645
Slovak 530 260 275 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 675 285 395 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,105 855 1,250 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 190 115 70 250 120 125
Celtic languages 135 55 80 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 350 225 120
Welsh 25 10 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 35 685 370 320
Germanic languages 9,610 4,285 5,325 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 290 130 155 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 220 85 135 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,060 1,415 1,640 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 110 55 50 120 55 65
German 5,940 2,630 3,310 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 35 15 20 1,405 730 680
Swedish 155 70 85 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 30 20 220 125 100
Yiddish 60 15 35 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,205 1,170 1,030 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 20,460 10,285 10,175 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 16,275 8,195 8,080 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,580 780 795 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,750 925 825 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 4,415 2,245 2,175 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 80 30 50 375 185 190
Marathi 125 80 45 1,275 650 625
Nepali 210 110 95 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,645 3,405 3,235 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 210 100 110 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 290 150 145 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 5,560 2,745 2,810 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 4,395 2,180 2,210 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,550 795 755 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 355 200 160 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,690 1,310 1,380 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 43,090 20,605 22,485 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 20,665 9,865 10,805 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 9,260 4,615 4,640 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,985 935 1,050 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 12,355 5,750 6,610 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 80 60 20 220 130 85
Japanese 655 325 325 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 1,720 770 950 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 2,675 1,265 1,410 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 405 200 205 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 30 10 25 115 65 55
Ewe 45 15 30 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 40 15 25 95 60 35
Ganda 50 25 20 105 60 45
Igbo 190 130 60 240 140 95
Lingala 335 150 180 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 40 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 195 85 105 210 95 115
Shona 340 145 200 265 125 140
Swahili 685 315 375 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 15 10 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 205 105 100 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 455 210 245 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 255 125 130 300 150 150
Dinka 20 15 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 115 115 250 120 135
Sign languages 815 355 460 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 375 120 250 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 450 235 215 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,945 4,345 4,600 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 8,545 4,130 4,415 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,430 1,630 1,800 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 50 20 30 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,345 2,600 2,745 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 15 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 105 145 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 60 70 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 370 180 190 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 395 210 185 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 65 40 25 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 360 185 175 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 775 380 400 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 520 250 270 1,125 505 620
Thai 355 170 185 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 945 475 475 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 50 20 30 835 455 385
Turkish 875 440 435 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 15 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,945 1,345 1,600 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 170 75 90 495 205 295
Finnish 55 25 30 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 2,720 1,240 1,475 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 235 140 95 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 527,930 258,710 269,220 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 497,490 244,095 253,390 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 100,610 51,815 48,795 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 396,875 192,280 204,600 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 30,445 14,615 15,835 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 527,930 258,710 269,225 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 391,335 193,900 197,430 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 130,365 61,495 68,875 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 50,625 23,640 26,985 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 16,570 8,115 8,455 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 23,695 11,370 12,330 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 26,330 12,075 14,250 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 12,920 5,880 7,035 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 13,410 6,190 7,215 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 13,150 6,295 6,855 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,230 3,315 2,920 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 130,370 61,495 68,875 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 14,640 7,220 7,420 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 26,920 13,595 13,325 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 31,680 14,125 17,560 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 48,430 22,665 25,760 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 8,695 3,880 4,815 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 130,365 61,490 68,875 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 17,010 7,520 9,490 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 330 145 180 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,395 640 755 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,595 775 825 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,230 515 715 920 415 500
Haiti 210 105 105 265 110 160
Jamaica 2,780 1,255 1,525 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 600 290 310 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 225 110 115 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,250 510 735 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,900 1,600 2,300 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,490 1,580 1,910 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 63,400 30,100 33,295 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,710 1,380 1,330 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 4,800 2,345 2,450 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 385 185 205 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,020 1,345 1,675 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,355 725 630 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,490 700 790 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 575 280 295 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 10,790 5,230 5,560 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,495 1,235 1,260 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 5,775 2,610 3,165 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 5,600 2,800 2,800 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,710 790 920 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 700 290 410 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,730 830 900 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 855 365 490 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,965 6,370 7,590 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 5,445 2,625 2,820 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 7,495 3,610 3,880 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 70 40 35 430 270 150
Egypt 805 435 365 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 355 145 205 1,665 835 825
Kenya 440 195 245 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 175 95 75 730 385 340
Nigeria 415 200 215 1,205 630 575
Somalia 580 215 365 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 635 300 335 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 4,020 1,980 2,035 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 42,025 20,045 21,985 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 945 460 490 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,020 505 515 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,875 1,740 2,140 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 630 300 330 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 6,585 3,280 3,305 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,190 575 620 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 4,750 2,405 2,345 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 210 80 125 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,095 485 610 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 965 455 515 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 3,685 1,790 1,895 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 5,890 2,345 3,545 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 600 300 300 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,820 930 890 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 245 120 130 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 2,785 1,280 1,500 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 5,725 3,005 2,725 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 440 220 220 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 13,150 6,300 6,855 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,015 1,055 960 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 45 25 25 960 445 520
Colombia 260 125 135 465 220 240
Cuba 115 50 60 70 35 30
Haiti 90 45 45 15 0 10
Jamaica 310 185 125 160 115 45
Mexico 110 55 55 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 540 290 245 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 15 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 530 270 255 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,865 900 965 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 45 20 25 790 415 370
Germany 40 25 20 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 45 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 10 200 110 90
Romania