Census Profile, 2016 Census
Welland, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Welland, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Welland, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Welland, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 52,293 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 50,631 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 23,323 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 22,490 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 645.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 81.04 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 52,290 25,285 27,010 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 7,760 3,980 3,785 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 2,445 1,255 1,195 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 2,635 1,320 1,315 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 2,680 1,400 1,275 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 33,395 16,305 17,095 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 2,935 1,515 1,420 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 3,215 1,610 1,605 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 2,920 1,485 1,440 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 2,955 1,435 1,515 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 2,980 1,470 1,515 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 3,035 1,455 1,585 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 3,365 1,605 1,760 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 4,020 1,945 2,075 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 4,130 1,990 2,140 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 3,840 1,800 2,040 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 11,130 5,000 6,130 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 3,590 1,730 1,855 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 2,725 1,280 1,445 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 1,915 895 1,020 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,365 560 810 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,540 540 1,005 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 960 360 600 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 470 150 320 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 100 25 80 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 10 0 10 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.7 14.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.9 64.5 63.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 21.3 19.8 22.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.9 2.1 3.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.7 42.5 44.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.5 44.0 46.8 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 22,490 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,525 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,475 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,485 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,590 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 950 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,020 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,805 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 22,490 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 6,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 8,295 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 3,330 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 2,690 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,335 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 51,500 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 44,530 21,305 23,220 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 24,725 12,335 12,390 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 20,250 10,105 10,145 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 4,475 2,230 2,245 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 19,800 8,970 10,835 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 11,500 6,245 5,260 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 1,815 795 1,020 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 3,175 1,265 1,905 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 3,315 665 2,645 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 15,220 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 8,600 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 3,170 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 2,485 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 970 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 15,220 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 12,150 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 9,915 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,235 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,065 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 2,455 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 615 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 12,155 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 6,650 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 5,505 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 2,355 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 2,275 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 875 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,065 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 1,945 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 810 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 310 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,670 4,540 5,135 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 22,490 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 14,560 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,380 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,175 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 330 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,600 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 6,835 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 765 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 51,705 25,045 26,660 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 43,655 21,475 22,180 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 180 65 115 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,650 3,425 4,225 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 215 80 140 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 51,700 25,045 26,660 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 46,720 22,805 23,920 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 4,585 2,085 2,500 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 185 85 105 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 205 75 135 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,680 2,125 2,555 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 9.1 8.5 9.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 51,705 25,045 26,660 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 50,855 24,610 26,245 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 45,805 22,230 23,570 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 41,040 20,055 20,990 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 4,760 2,175 2,585 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 5,055 2,380 2,675 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,045 2,380 2,670 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 195 105 90 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 10 0 10 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 180 100 85 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 155 85 75 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 10 10 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 10 5 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 25 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 40 20 20 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 75 25 50 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 5 5 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 5 0 0 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 0 0 5 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 20 35 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 35 35 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 55 25 25 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 35 15 20 1,750 905 845
Tamil 15 10 5 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 0 5 0 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 3,580 1,675 1,905 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 5 0 5 1,090 560 530
Armenian 0 0 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 840 360 480 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 25 5 15 645 280 370
Latvian 5 0 5 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 820 350 465 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 5 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 200 90 105 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 20 10 15 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 10 5 5 250 120 135
Polish 275 120 155 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 40 15 30 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 15 5 10 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 85 35 55 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 5 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 135 65 75 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 0 0 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 520 235 285 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 5 5 0 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 205 95 115 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 5 80 30 50
German 270 125 145 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 10 0 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 50 30 20 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 215 115 95 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 190 100 85 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 10 5 5 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 50 25 25 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 30 20 10 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 0 0 0 535 280 255
Nepali 0 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 55 30 25 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 20 10 15 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 5 0 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,945 935 1,015 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,430 685 745 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 85 45 45 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 25 10 15 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 405 195 215 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 10 5 10 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 225 105 120 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 20 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 5 5 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 5 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 270 140 135 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 270 140 135 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 55 25 35 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 185 100 90 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 10 0 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 10 10 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 10 10 0 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 440 200 245 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 0 5 455 195 260
Finnish 5 0 10 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 425 195 225 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 845 435 410 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 470 240 230 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 345 180 165 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 25 15 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 51,705 25,045 26,655 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 50,615 24,580 26,035 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 48,870 23,775 25,095 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 47,275 23,120 24,165 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,595 660 930 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,740 800 940 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,740 805 940 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 35 40 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 75 35 40 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 65 30 35 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 20 10 10 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 10 5 10 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 45 25 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 15 5 10 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 15 5 10 885 450 435
Tamil 5 0 0 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,060 465 590 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 210 90 125 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 205 90 120 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 55 20 35 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 5 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 0 5 120 60 60
Polish 75 35 40 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 20 10 10 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 5 0 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 20 5 15 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 30 20 15 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 5 5 0 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 25 15 10 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 25 10 10 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 115 65 50 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 110 65 50 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 0 0 0 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 45 25 20 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 15 10 5 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 5 10 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 35 20 15 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5 0 5 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 5 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 680 285 390 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 410 160 250 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 25 10 10 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 5 0 5 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 245 110 135 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 0 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 180 80 95 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 5 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 10 0 5 830 460 370
American Sign Language 0 0 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 190 105 80 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 190 105 85 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 40 20 20 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 135 80 60 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 0 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 5 5 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 115 55 60 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 115 55 60 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,090 465 620 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 315 115 205 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 735 335 395 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 15 10 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 51,700 25,045 26,655 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 46,290 22,585 23,705 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,570 700 870 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,240 1,010 1,235 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 1,540 730 810 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 10 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 1,530 725 800 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 15 5 10 965 435 530
English and non-official language 15 5 10 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 25 10 20 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 43,745 20,995 22,750 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,075 20,235 21,835 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,856 35,660 25,211 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,085 20,235 21,845 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,559 32,600 23,815 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,325 17,960 18,365 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,502 32,405 21,613 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 33,035 14,945 18,095 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,139 8,099 8,169 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,735 14,945 13,790 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,938 31,327 25,079 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 43,745 20,995 22,750 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,030 20,170 21,865 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,058 42,888 31,681 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,045 20,165 21,875 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,269 36,779 28,111 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,430 18,030 18,400 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,409 40,460 28,478 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 33,060 14,955 18,105 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,197 9,046 9,323 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,735 15,060 13,675 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,006 38,716 30,920 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 43,745 20,995 22,750 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 13,045 7,315 5,730 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,045 51,273 41,772 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,564 58,735 46,965 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.7 84.6 75.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.3 67.3 60.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.3 15.4 24.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 43,745 20,995 22,750 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 1,670 755 920 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 42,070 20,240 21,835 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.4 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,510 2,285 3,225 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 8,295 3,180 5,120 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 7,315 2,920 4,395 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 5,885 2,955 2,930 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 4,695 2,415 2,280 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 3,255 1,830 1,425 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 2,150 1,325 825 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 1,460 945 510 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,005 675 330 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 900 550 345 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 1,605 1,160 445 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 1,295 920 375 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 310 240 70 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,745 20,995 22,755 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 1,660 755 910 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 42,085 20,240 21,845 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,695 2,310 3,380 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 8,655 3,355 5,300 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 8,505 3,525 4,980 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 6,675 3,460 3,215 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 4,960 2,635 2,325 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 2,930 1,830 1,100 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 1,775 1,145 630 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 1,245 820 425 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 1,640 1,160 485 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 720 475 245 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 365 265 105 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 560 420 135 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 43,745 20,995 22,750 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 15,010 6,050 8,965 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 28,730 14,945 13,785 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 65.7 71.2 60.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,170 2,905 2,265 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 970 1,270 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 4,090 1,770 2,320 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 3,645 1,610 2,040 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 3,320 1,515 1,810 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 2,935 1,435 1,505 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 2,105 1,205 895 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 1,415 910 500 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 1,030 690 340 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 2,775 1,930 840 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 770 530 240 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 810 475 340 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 1,190 930 265 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 22,490 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 56,981 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,716 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,840 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,702 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,680 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 15,650 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,830 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,394 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 22,490 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,256 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,321 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,850 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,642 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,305 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 15,640 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,975 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,027 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 22,490 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 315 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 930 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,070 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,275 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,155 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,260 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,175 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,190 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,115 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,065 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,745 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,600 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,350 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,200 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,765 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,980 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,175 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,075 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 535 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 22,490 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 280 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 325 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 940 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,115 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,455 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,305 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,400 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,325 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,340 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,335 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,290 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,030 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,685 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,355 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,080 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,235 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,640 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 830 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 770 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 15,095 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,805 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,344 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,225 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,714 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,190 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,585 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,935 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,496 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,870 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,991 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,529 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 15,100 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,106 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,066 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,205 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,738 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,594 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,555 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,805 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,365 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,885 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,410 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,564 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 8,620 4,090 4,530 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,546 28,928 24,986 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,861 26,714 24,007 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 8,510 4,140 4,365 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,810 36,310 31,436 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,784 31,422 28,228 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 51,500 24,965 26,530 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 30,595 14,425 16,170 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 6,045 2,860 3,190 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 6,330 2,765 3,565 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 6,155 2,895 3,265 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 6,235 2,995 3,240 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 5,830 2,915 2,915 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 20,900 10,545 10,360 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 5,500 2,725 2,775 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 4,940 2,510 2,425 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 4,385 2,190 2,195 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 3,770 1,955 1,815 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 2,305 1,165 1,140 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 51,500 24,970 26,530 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 9,520 4,865 4,660 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 2,930 1,515 1,415 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 31,470 15,310 16,160 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 10,515 4,790 5,720 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,000 4,045 4,955 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,275 1,140 1,135 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 775 395 385 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 5,420 2,490 2,930 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,310 420 890 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.2 18.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 23.9 23.4 24.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 26.5 26.1 27.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 17.2 16.3 18.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.5 8.8 15.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,610 2,210 2,400 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,035 495 540 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 345 160 180 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,375 1,635 1,735 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 205 75 130 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.0 8.9 9.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.9 10.2 11.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.8 10.6 12.7 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.3 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 51,495 24,970 26,530 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 51,250 24,885 26,370 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 51,045 24,815 26,225 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,835 3,485 4,350 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 6,075 3,000 3,070 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10 10 0 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 10 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,065 3,000 3,070 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 350 225 130 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 340 220 125 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 305 200 105 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 25 15 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 20 20 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 40 20 15 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 80 20 65 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 0 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 20 60 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 130 55 75 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 40 15 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 60 25 40 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 30 10 15 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 10 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 20 10 15 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 10 10 10 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 4,345 2,140 2,205 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 910 370 540 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 25 10 15 635 310 325
Latvian 15 0 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 885 360 525 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 10 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 205 105 100 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 45 15 30 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 10 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 300 95 210 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 55 30 25 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 25 10 15 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 80 25 55 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 165 65 100 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 595 310 285 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 10 10 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 0 0 0 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 220 110 120 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 345 190 155 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 10 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 0 0 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 70 40 25 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 175 100 75 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 155 95 60 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 0 0 0 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 35 20 10 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 55 35 20 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 0 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 35 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 30 15 15 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 25 0 15 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 20 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 2,655 1,345 1,310 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,835 915 920 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 125 70 55 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 50 25 20 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 715 370 345 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 20 10 15 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 170 90 75 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 80 50 35 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 30 20 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 25 10 10 265 125 140
Swahili 15 10 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 110 55 60 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 70 40 35 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 310 170 145 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 310 165 140 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 50 25 25 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 260 145 115 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 35 20 15 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 10 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 20 15 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 10 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 0 0 0 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 460 190 275 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 15 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 10 0 10 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 440 185 255 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 51,500 24,970 26,530 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 50,095 24,310 25,790 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,335 4,770 4,560 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 40,765 19,535 21,230 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,400 665 740 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 51,500 24,970 26,530 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 45,620 22,155 23,465 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 5,435 2,575 2,860 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 3,230 1,490 1,750 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 550 240 310 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 480 260 220 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 750 350 395 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 320 140 175 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 430 210 225 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 425 235 185 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 445 240 205 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 5,435 2,570 2,860 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 725 365 360 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,315 665 655 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 1,365 655 715 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,685 755 925 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 345 135 210 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,435 2,570 2,865 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,135 490 645 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 15 10 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 65 35 30 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 80 40 40 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 15 0 10 920 415 500
Haiti 80 35 45 265 110 160
Jamaica 95 60 35 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 15 10 10 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 15 10 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 55 20 35 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 490 165 330 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 205 105 100 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 3,410 1,620 1,790 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 10 0 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 170 95 80 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 35 10 25 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 160 75 80 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 35 30 10 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 235 105 130 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 15 10 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,100 545 555 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 210 105 105 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 195 85 110 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 60 30 25 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 70 45 20 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 15 10 15 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 30 10 20 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 820 370 450 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 235 85 150 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 255 135 120 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 25 10 15 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 10 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 0 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 10 0 10 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 30 10 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 160 95 70 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 630 325 305 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 0 0 0 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 130 70 70 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 10 15 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 95 55 40 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 0 15 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 0 0 0 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 10 0 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 70 50 20 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 35 25 15 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 30 10 15 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 100 25 75 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 25 15 10 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 0 0 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 30 20 10 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 65 40 25 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 10 0 0 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 425 240 185 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 160 90 70 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 10 10 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 25 0 15 15 0 10
Jamaica 35 25 10 160 115 45
Mexico 10 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 45 25 20 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 30 15 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 45 30 10 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545 240