Census Profile, 2016 Census
Welland, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Welland, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Welland, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Welland, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 52,293 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 50,631 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 23,323 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 22,490 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 645.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 81.04 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 52,290 25,285 27,010 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 7,760 3,980 3,785 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 2,445 1,255 1,195 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,635 1,320 1,315 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 2,680 1,400 1,275 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 33,395 16,305 17,095 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 2,935 1,515 1,420 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 3,215 1,610 1,605 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 2,920 1,485 1,440 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 2,955 1,435 1,515 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 2,980 1,470 1,515 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 3,035 1,455 1,585 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 3,365 1,605 1,760 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 4,020 1,945 2,075 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 4,130 1,990 2,140 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 3,840 1,800 2,040 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 11,130 5,000 6,130 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 3,590 1,730 1,855 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 2,725 1,280 1,445 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 1,915 895 1,020 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,365 560 810 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,540 540 1,005 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 960 360 600 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 470 150 320 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 100 25 80 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 10 0 10 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.7 14.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.9 64.5 63.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.3 19.8 22.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.9 2.1 3.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.7 42.5 44.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.5 44.0 46.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 22,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 14,525 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,475 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,485 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,590 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 950 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,020 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,805 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 130 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 22,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 6,840 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 8,295 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 3,330 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 2,690 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,335 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 51,500 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 44,530 21,305 23,220 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 24,725 12,335 12,390 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 20,250 10,105 10,145 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 4,475 2,230 2,245 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 19,800 8,970 10,835 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 11,500 6,245 5,260 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,815 795 1,020 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 3,175 1,265 1,905 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,315 665 2,645 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 15,220 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 8,600 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 3,170 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 2,485 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 970 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 15,220 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 12,150 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 9,915 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,235 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,065 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,455 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 615 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 12,155 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 6,650 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 5,505 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 2,355 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 2,275 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 875 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,065 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 1,945 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 810 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 310 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,670 4,540 5,135 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 22,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 14,560 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,380 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,175 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 330 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,600 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 6,835 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 765 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 51,705 25,045 26,660 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 43,655 21,475 22,180 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 180 65 115 1,810 820 985
English and French 7,650 3,425 4,225 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 215 80 140 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 51,700 25,045 26,660 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 46,720 22,805 23,920 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 4,585 2,085 2,500 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 185 85 105 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 205 75 135 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,680 2,125 2,555 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 9.1 8.5 9.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 51,705 25,045 26,660 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 50,855 24,610 26,245 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 45,805 22,230 23,570 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 41,040 20,055 20,990 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 4,760 2,175 2,585 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 5,055 2,380 2,675 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,045 2,380 2,670 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 195 105 90 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 10 0 10 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 180 100 85 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 155 85 75 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 10 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 10 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 25 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 40 20 20 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 75 25 50 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 5 5 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 5 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 0 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 20 35 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 70 35 35 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 55 25 25 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 35 15 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 15 10 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 5 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 3,580 1,675 1,905 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 0 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 840 360 480 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 25 5 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5 0 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 820 350 465 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 200 90 105 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 20 10 15 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 5 5 325 160 165
Polish 275 120 155 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 40 15 30 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 15 5 10 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 85 35 55 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 5 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 135 65 75 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 0 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 520 235 285 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 10 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 5 5 0 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 205 95 115 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 5 295 145 145
German 270 125 145 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 10 0 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 50 30 20 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 215 115 95 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 190 100 85 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 10 5 5 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 50 25 25 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 30 20 10 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 55 30 25 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 20 10 15 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,945 935 1,015 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 1,430 685 745 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 85 45 45 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 25 10 15 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 405 195 215 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 10 5 10 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 225 105 120 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 20 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 15 5 10 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 5 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 270 140 135 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 270 140 135 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 55 25 35 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 185 100 90 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 15 10 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 5 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 10 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 10 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 10 10 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 440 200 245 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 5 0 10 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 425 195 225 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 845 435 410 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 470 240 230 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 345 180 165 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 25 15 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 51,705 25,045 26,655 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 50,615 24,580 26,035 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 48,870 23,775 25,095 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 47,275 23,120 24,165 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,595 660 930 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 1,740 800 940 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,740 805 940 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 35 40 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 75 35 40 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 65 30 35 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 20 10 10 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 10 5 10 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 45 25 20 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 10 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 15 5 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 15 5 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,060 465 590 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 210 90 125 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 205 90 120 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 55 20 35 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 5 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 10 0 5 150 75 75
Polish 75 35 40 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 20 10 10 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 0 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 20 5 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 30 20 15 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 5 5 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 25 15 10 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 25 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 115 65 50 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 110 65 50 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 45 25 20 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 15 10 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 5 10 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 35 20 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 5 0 5 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 680 285 390 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 410 160 250 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 25 10 10 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 5 0 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 245 110 135 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 5 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 180 80 95 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 10 0 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 0 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 190 105 80 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 190 105 85 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 40 20 20 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 135 80 60 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 115 55 60 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 115 55 60 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,090 465 620 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 315 115 205 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 735 335 395 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 10 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 20 10 10 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 51,700 25,045 26,655 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 46,290 22,585 23,705 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,570 700 870 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 2,240 1,010 1,235 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,540 730 810 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 10 5 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,530 725 800 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 15 5 10 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 15 5 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 25 10 20 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 43,745 20,995 22,750 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,075 20,235 21,835 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,856 35,660 25,211 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 42,085 20,235 21,845 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,559 32,600 23,815 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 36,325 17,960 18,365 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,502 32,405 21,613 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 33,035 14,945 18,095 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,139 8,099 8,169 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,735 14,945 13,790 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,938 31,327 25,079 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 43,745 20,995 22,750 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,030 20,170 21,865 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,058 42,888 31,681 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 42,045 20,165 21,875 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,269 36,779 28,111 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 36,430 18,030 18,400 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,409 40,460 28,478 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 33,060 14,955 18,105 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,197 9,046 9,323 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,735 15,060 13,675 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,006 38,716 30,920 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 43,745 20,995 22,750 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 13,045 7,315 5,730 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,045 51,273 41,772 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,564 58,735 46,965 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.7 84.6 75.8 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.3 67.3 60.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.3 15.4 24.2 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 43,745 20,995 22,750 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 1,670 755 920 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 42,070 20,240 21,835 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.4 96.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,510 2,285 3,225 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 8,295 3,180 5,120 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 7,315 2,920 4,395 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 5,885 2,955 2,930 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 4,695 2,415 2,280 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 3,255 1,830 1,425 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 2,150 1,325 825 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 1,460 945 510 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 1,005 675 330 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 900 550 345 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 1,605 1,160 445 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 1,295 920 375 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 310 240 70 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,745 20,995 22,755 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 1,660 755 910 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 42,085 20,240 21,845 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 96.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 5,695 2,310 3,380 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 8,655 3,355 5,300 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 8,505 3,525 4,980 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 6,675 3,460 3,215 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 4,960 2,635 2,325 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 2,930 1,830 1,100 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 1,775 1,145 630 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 1,245 820 425 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 1,640 1,160 485 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 720 475 245 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 365 265 105 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 560 420 135 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 43,745 20,995 22,750 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 15,010 6,050 8,965 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 28,730 14,945 13,785 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 65.7 71.2 60.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,170 2,905 2,265 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 970 1,270 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 4,090 1,770 2,320 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 3,645 1,610 2,040 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 3,320 1,515 1,810 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 2,935 1,435 1,505 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 2,105 1,205 895 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,415 910 500 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,030 690 340 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 2,775 1,930 840 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 770 530 240 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 810 475 340 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 1,190 930 265 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 22,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 56,981 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,716 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 6,840 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,702 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,680 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 15,650 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,830 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,394 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 22,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,256 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,321 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 6,850 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,642 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,305 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 15,640 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,975 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,027 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 22,490 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 315 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 930 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,070 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,275 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,155 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,260 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,175 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,190 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,115 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,065 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,745 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,600 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,350 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,200 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,765 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,980 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,175 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,075 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 535 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 22,490 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 280 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 325 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 940 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,115 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,455 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,305 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,400 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,325 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,340 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,335 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,290 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,030 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,685 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,355 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,080 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,235 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,640 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 830 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 770 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 15,095 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,805 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,344 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,225 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,714 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,190 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,585 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,935 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,496 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,870 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,991 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,529 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 15,100 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,106 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,066 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,205 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,738 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,594 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,555 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,805 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,365 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,885 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,410 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,564 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 8,620 4,090 4,530 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,546 28,928 24,986 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,861 26,714 24,007 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 8,510 4,140 4,365 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,810 36,310 31,436 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,784 31,422 28,228 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 51,500 24,965 26,530 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 30,595 14,425 16,170 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 6,045 2,860 3,190 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 6,330 2,765 3,565 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 6,155 2,895 3,265 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 6,235 2,995 3,240 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 5,830 2,915 2,915 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 20,900 10,545 10,360 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 5,500 2,725 2,775 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 4,940 2,510 2,425 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 4,385 2,190 2,195 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 3,770 1,955 1,815 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 2,305 1,165 1,140 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 51,500 24,970 26,530 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 9,520 4,865 4,660 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 2,930 1,515 1,415 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 31,470 15,310 16,160 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 10,515 4,790 5,720 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,000 4,045 4,955 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,275 1,140 1,135 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 775 395 385 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 5,420 2,490 2,930 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,310 420 890 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.2 18.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 23.9 23.4 24.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 26.5 26.1 27.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 17.2 16.3 18.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.5 8.8 15.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,610 2,210 2,400 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,035 495 540 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 345 160 180 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,375 1,635 1,735 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 205 75 130 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.0 8.9 9.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.9 10.2 11.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.8 10.6 12.7 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 51,495 24,970 26,530 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 51,250 24,885 26,370 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 51,045 24,815 26,225 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 7,835 3,485 4,350 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 6,075 3,000 3,070 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 10 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,065 3,000 3,070 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 350 225 130 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 15 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 10 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 340 220 125 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 305 200 105 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 10 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 25 15 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 20 20 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 40 20 15 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 80 20 65 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 0 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 0 0 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 20 60 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 130 55 75 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 40 15 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 60 25 40 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 30 10 15 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 10 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 20 10 15 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 10 10 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 4,345 2,140 2,205 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 910 370 540 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 25 10 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 885 360 525 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 205 105 100 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 45 15 30 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 300 95 210 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 55 30 25 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 25 10 15 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 80 25 55 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 165 65 100 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 595 310 285 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 10 10 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 0 0 0 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 220 110 120 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 0 0 465 230 240
German 345 190 155 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 0 0 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 70 40 25 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 175 100 75 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 155 95 60 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 35 20 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 55 35 20 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 35 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 30 15 15 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 25 0 15 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 20 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,655 1,345 1,310 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 1,835 915 920 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 125 70 55 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 50 25 20 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 715 370 345 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 20 10 15 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 170 90 75 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 80 50 35 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 30 20 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 290 125 165
Shona 25 10 10 415 220 195
Swahili 15 10 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 110 55 60 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 70 40 35 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 310 170 145 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 310 165 140 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 50 25 25 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 260 145 115 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 10 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 35 20 15 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 10 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 20 15 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 10 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 0 0 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 460 190 275 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 15 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 10 0 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 440 185 255 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 51,500 24,970 26,530 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 50,095 24,310 25,790 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,335 4,770 4,560 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 40,765 19,535 21,230 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,400 665 740 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 51,500 24,970 26,530 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 45,620 22,155 23,465 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 5,435 2,575 2,860 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 3,230 1,490 1,750 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 550 240 310 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 480 260 220 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 750 350 395 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 320 140 175 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 430 210 225 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 425 235 185 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 445 240 205 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 5,435 2,570 2,860 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 725 365 360 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,315 665 655 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,365 655 715 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 1,685 755 925 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 345 135 210 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,435 2,570 2,865 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,135 490 645 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 15 10 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 65 35 30 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 80 40 40 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 0 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 80 35 45 570 250 315
Jamaica 95 60 35 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 15 10 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 15 10 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 55 20 35 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 490 165 330 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 205 105 100 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 3,410 1,620 1,790 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 10 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 170 95 80 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 35 10 25 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 160 75 80 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 35 30 10 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 235 105 130 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 15 10 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,100 545 555 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 210 105 105 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 195 85 110 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 60 30 25 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 70 45 20 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 15 10 15 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 30 10 20 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 820 370 450 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 235 85 150 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 255 135 120 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 0 10 485 310 175
Egypt 25 10 15 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 10 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 10 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 0 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 30 10 20 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 160 95 70 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 630 325 305 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 130 70 70 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 10 15 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 95 55 40 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 0 15 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 10 0 0 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 70 50 20 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 35 25 15 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 30 10 15 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 100 25 75 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 25 15 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 0 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 30 20 10 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 65 40 25 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 10 0 0 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 425 240 185 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 160 90 70 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 10 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 25 0 15 35 35 10
Jamaica 35 25 10 625 355 265
Mexico 10 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 45 25 20 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 30 15 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 10 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 45 30 10 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 0 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation