Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Falls, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 88,071 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,997 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,265 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,773 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 419.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 209.73 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 88,070 42,530 45,540 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 13,250 6,810 6,440 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 4,070 2,095 1,975 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,500 2,315 2,185 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,685 2,400 2,285 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 56,970 27,805 29,165 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 5,175 2,650 2,530 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 5,290 2,725 2,565 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 4,925 2,525 2,405 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 4,930 2,370 2,560 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 4,995 2,390 2,605 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 5,525 2,620 2,905 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 6,095 2,960 3,135 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 6,935 3,380 3,560 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 6,865 3,270 3,595 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,235 2,920 3,310 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 17,850 7,915 9,935 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,670 2,700 2,965 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,095 1,945 2,155 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,975 1,325 1,650 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,385 1,000 1,385 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,720 945 1,775 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,695 635 1,065 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 810 260 550 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 190 50 140 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 16.0 14.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.7 65.4 64.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 20.3 18.6 21.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.1 2.2 3.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.4 42.1 44.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.0 43.5 46.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,775 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,820 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,420 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,485 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,010 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,420 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,300 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,690 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 45 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,775 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,110 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 12,445 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,790 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 4,770 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,655 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 85,975 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 74,820 35,725 39,095 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 40,555 20,255 20,300 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 34,100 17,035 17,065 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 6,455 3,220 3,235 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 34,265 15,470 18,795 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 20,075 10,905 9,175 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,880 1,190 1,685 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,630 2,185 3,445 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,685 1,190 4,500 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,105 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,150 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 5,640 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 4,545 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,780 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,105 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 19,760 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 16,535 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,230 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,345 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,295 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,050 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,760 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,830 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 9,925 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 4,160 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 4,130 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,635 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,345 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,315 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,475 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,165 6,890 8,275 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,775 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,670 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,270 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,400 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 705 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,395 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,110 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,290 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 86,820 42,115 44,700 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 79,730 39,085 40,640 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 65 30 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 6,085 2,650 3,440 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 940 350 585 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 86,815 42,120 44,700 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 83,935 40,875 43,065 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,670 760 915 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 290 140 155 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 920 345 570 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,815 830 990 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.2 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 86,815 42,120 44,700 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 85,140 41,320 43,820 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 69,440 33,915 35,520 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 67,700 33,140 34,560 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,740 780 960 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 15,700 7,400 8,300 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,690 7,395 8,295 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 645 340 305 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 115 55 65 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 115 55 60 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 530 290 240 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 0 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 465 250 215 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 15 5 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 10 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 10 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 395 185 215 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 385 175 205 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 955 355 600 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 45 10 30 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 25 10 15 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 20 5 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 845 325 520 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 55 30 25 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 185 105 85 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 135 75 60 1,750 905 845
Tamil 35 20 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 10 5 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 10,785 5,140 5,645 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 30 15 20 1,090 560 530
Armenian 20 10 15 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,000 1,390 1,605 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 15 15 645 280 370
Latvian 15 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 10 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,970 1,375 1,595 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 35 25 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 200 95 115 1,725 805 915
Croatian 165 75 90 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 55 25 35 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 25 15 10 250 120 135
Polish 675 295 380 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 305 125 180 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,050 530 520 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 75 30 40 1,145 545 600
Slovak 70 30 40 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 545 250 290
Ukrainian 245 115 135 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 985 445 540 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 230 120 110 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 665 295 370 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 5 0 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 180 95 85 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,615 845 770 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,410 740 670 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 25 15 10 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 315 170 150 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 225 130 95 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 5 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 25 10 5 535 280 255
Nepali 25 15 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 335 160 175 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 15 5 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 1,455 730 725
Urdu 410 205 200 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 185 95 90 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 50 20 30 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 5 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 125 65 60 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,940 2,345 2,600 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,720 1,775 1,945 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 130 65 70 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 135 60 75 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 950 445 510 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 175 60 115 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 360 175 185 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 115 55 55 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 20 5 15 150 70 85
Swahili 20 10 10 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 30 15 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 10 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,325 620 705 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,310 615 700 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 595 275 325 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 585 270 315 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 40 35 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 5 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 30 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 20 10 10 800 405 400
Thai 25 10 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 200 110 85 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 175 95 80 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 405 175 230 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 5 5 455 195 260
Finnish 15 10 5 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 385 165 220 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,675 800 880 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 345 155 190 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,260 610 650 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 35 15 20 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 86,815 42,120 44,695 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 83,415 40,515 42,890 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 76,505 37,290 39,210 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 76,065 37,085 38,980 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 440 205 235 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 6,905 3,230 3,680 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,905 3,230 3,680 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 375 175 200 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 100 45 55 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 100 45 55 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 275 135 140 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 255 125 135 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 110 130 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 240 110 125 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 415 175 245 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 390 160 225 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 30 15 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 10 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 85 45 40 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 75 40 35 885 450 435
Tamil 10 10 5 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 5 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 4,115 1,905 2,210 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 10 5 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,400 660 740 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 5 0 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,395 660 735 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 20 10 10 540 270 270
Bulgarian 125 55 70 925 425 495
Croatian 65 30 35 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 5 0 120 60 60
Polish 275 120 155 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 165 80 85 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 600 300 305 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 435 205 235
Slovak 20 10 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 70 30 40 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 100 45 55 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 15 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 5 0 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 75 30 45 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 50 25 20 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 880 440 440 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 795 405 390 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 20 10 5 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 195 105 95 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 135 75 60 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 20 10 5 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 200 90 110 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 210 100 110 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 75 30 45 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 5 5 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 55 25 35 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,675 730 940 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,080 450 635 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 25 10 15 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 65 35 35 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 500 235 260 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 100 50 50 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 280 140 140 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 15 5 10 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 35 20 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 10 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 955 465 495 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 945 455 490 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 410 195 220 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 470 230 235 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 20 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 5 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 1,015 435 580
Lao 10 5 5 335 160 175
Thai 5 5 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 105 60 45 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 95 50 45 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 105 45 60 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 105 45 60 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 3,405 1,600 1,805 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 180 75 105 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 3,150 1,495 1,655 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 10 5 0 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 60 20 40 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 86,815 42,115 44,700 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 77,405 37,735 39,675 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 3,240 1,550 1,690 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,180 480 695 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 4,870 2,295 2,575 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 15 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 4,855 2,290 2,565 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 15 10 5 965 435 530
English and non-official language 45 20 20 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 65 25 35 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 72,770 34,880 37,890 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,575 33,860 36,725 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,275 35,052 25,365 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,600 33,860 36,740 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,087 31,875 23,892 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,145 30,495 31,655 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,235 32,195 21,433 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,490 24,355 30,130 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,818 5,843 7,233 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,695 25,920 24,775 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,587 30,791 23,643 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 72,770 34,905 37,860 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,570 33,920 36,650 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,360 44,779 32,420 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,590 33,925 36,665 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,091 37,868 28,670 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,085 30,385 31,700 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,170 43,414 29,226 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,790 24,585 30,205 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,423 8,127 8,665 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 50,700 25,810 24,885 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,542 40,851 30,037 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 72,765 34,910 37,860 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 22,365 12,400 9,960 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,526 51,750 39,891 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,073 58,988 45,707 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.1 87.1 77.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.8 69.9 63.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.9 12.9 22.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 72,765 34,880 37,890 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,190 1,025 1,165 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 70,575 33,855 36,720 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 97.0 97.1 96.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,865 4,370 5,500 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,140 5,515 8,625 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 12,040 4,850 7,190 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 9,390 4,330 5,055 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,500 3,770 3,730 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,350 2,985 2,360 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,445 2,150 1,290 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 1,455 865 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,755 1,150 610 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,540 915 625 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 3,230 2,360 870 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 2,455 1,760 695 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 780 605 175 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 72,770 34,880 37,890 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,170 1,020 1,150 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 70,595 33,855 36,740 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.1 97.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,160 4,425 5,735 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 14,835 5,810 9,025 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,795 5,680 8,115 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,775 5,265 5,520 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 7,965 4,250 3,715 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 4,635 2,815 1,820 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 2,945 1,875 1,070 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,130 1,365 765 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 3,350 2,380 970 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,370 880 485 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 695 530 170 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,280 970 315 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 72,765 34,880 37,890 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 22,070 8,960 13,115 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 50,700 25,925 24,775 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.7 74.3 65.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,845 4,230 3,620 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,880 2,190 2,690 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,015 3,395 4,615 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,820 2,940 3,880 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,585 2,545 3,035 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 4,850 2,385 2,465 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 3,550 2,070 1,480 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,335 1,505 835 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 1,670 1,070 600 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 5,155 3,590 1,565 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,330 890 435 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,390 800 580 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 2,440 1,895 545 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,770 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,727 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,067 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,105 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,995 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,512 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,665 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,103 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,352 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,775 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,678 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,296 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,070 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,096 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,907 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,700 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,014 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,597 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,770 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 375 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 500 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,060 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,580 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,865 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,680 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,780 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,850 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,815 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,875 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,265 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,920 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,500 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,260 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,820 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,625 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,420 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,080 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,005 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,115 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,775 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 395 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 510 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,080 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,035 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,920 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,010 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,115 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,220 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,055 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,690 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,270 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,765 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,195 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,810 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,025 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,890 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,550 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,590 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 24,780 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,074 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,298 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,005 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,426 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,239 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 10,050 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,679 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,685 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,970 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,280 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,543 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 24,790 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,099 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,561 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,960 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,929 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,800 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,075 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,777 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,625 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,980 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,176 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,296 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,080 6,050 7,035 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,052 31,163 26,173 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,137 28,518 24,850 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,160 6,120 7,040 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,003 39,811 32,695 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,400 34,005 29,137 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 85,975 41,660 44,315 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 49,520 23,195 26,330 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,740 4,065 4,675 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 10,685 4,670 6,015 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 10,510 4,915 5,595 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 9,920 4,785 5,135 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,665 4,765 4,900 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 36,455 18,470 17,985 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 9,000 4,510 4,490 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,525 4,285 4,235 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 7,550 3,840 3,710 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 6,800 3,460 3,340 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 4,580 2,375 2,210 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 85,975 41,665 44,310 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 16,240 8,350 7,890 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,895 2,520 2,375 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 53,275 25,850 27,430 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 16,465 7,470 8,995 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,855 6,190 7,665 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,560 1,830 1,730 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,170 595 570 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 8,125 3,615 4,515 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,165 745 1,420 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.1 14.9 17.3 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 21.9 21.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 23.9 23.6 24.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.0 16.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 13.1 10.0 15.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,670 3,195 3,480 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,475 785 690 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 490 250 240 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,755 2,230 2,530 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 445 180 260 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.7 7.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.1 9.4 8.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0 9.9 10.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.6 9.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.4 2.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 85,975 41,665 44,315 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 84,995 41,305 43,690 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 84,950 41,280 43,670 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 6,150 2,760 3,390 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 19,330 9,115 10,220 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 15 10 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 10 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,320 9,100 10,215 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 855 450 405 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 140 80 65 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 140 80 65 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 745 390 350 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 655 350 305 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 50 25 25 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 25 15 10 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 515 225 285 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 0 25 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 485 220 265 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,280 505 775 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 10 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 85 30 50 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 45 10 35 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 15 0 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,230 480 755 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 40 25 15 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 240 140 95 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 195 120 70 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 55 35 15 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 10 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 13,675 6,445 7,230 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 50 25 30 1,135 580 555
Armenian 50 15 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,335 1,570 1,765 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 45 20 30 635 310 325
Latvian 30 15 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 0 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,290 1,550 1,740 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 165 80 85 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 170 95 75 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 380 180 200 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 120 50 65 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 25 15 10 345 180 160
Polish 805 375 430 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 390 155 230 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,290 645 650 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 60 35 25 1,240 595 645
Slovak 55 25 25 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 310 125 185 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 250 120 125
Celtic languages 50 20 30 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 350 225 120
Welsh 15 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,135 510 625 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 50 20 30 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 40 10 35 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 270 120 150 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 0 10 120 55 65
German 735 340 400 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 10 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 30 15 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 310 155 160 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,030 1,010 1,020 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 1,765 880 885 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 50 30 20 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 415 225 190 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 795 435 360 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 35 15 20 1,275 650 625
Nepali 70 45 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 440 200 240 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 45 10 35 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 25 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 490 220 275 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 260 125 130 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 110 55 55 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 155 75 75 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,860 3,205 3,650 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,920 2,290 2,635 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 260 135 125 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 220 120 105 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,705 770 935 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 215 105 110 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 10 90 50 45
Korean 310 145 165 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 200 105 90 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 10 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 30 15 15 265 125 140
Swahili 95 55 45 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 25 20 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 25 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 155 75 80 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 65 25 35 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,555 745 810 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,540 745 800 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 700 305 395 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 905 425 480 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 45 45 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 65 40 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 15 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 0 15 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 10 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 25 10 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 205 110 100 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 835 455 385
Turkish 155 75 80 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 50 30 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 400 180 215 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 30 10 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 365 170 195 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 85,975 41,660 44,315 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 81,610 39,780 41,830 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,900 8,175 7,725 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 65,705 31,600 34,105 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,370 1,885 2,485 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 85,975 41,665 44,310 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 67,310 33,020 34,290 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 17,845 8,235 9,610 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,855 3,690 4,170 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,845 855 990 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 3,030 1,350 1,680 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 3,495 1,570 1,920 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 1,725 785 935 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 1,770 785 985 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,610 760 850 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 820 410 410 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 17,840 8,235 9,610 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,960 995 965 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 3,485 1,745 1,740 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 4,380 1,995 2,390 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 6,790 2,955 3,835 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,220 545 680 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,840 8,230 9,610 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 2,865 1,175 1,690 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 45 0 40 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 315 140 170 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 75 25 50 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 80 45 35 920 415 500
Haiti 25 0 20 265 110 160
Jamaica 155 80 80 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 110 55 55 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 35 10 25 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 195 75 115 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,315 485 830 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 520 250 270 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 9,080 4,340 4,745 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 255 125 135 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 565 295 280 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 30 35 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 435 190 245 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 100 60 35 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 230 105 130 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,765 1,320 1,445 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 200 100 100 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 515 230 285 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 95 65 30 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 215 125 85 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 125 55 65 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 360 155 205 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 150 50 95 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,230 1,045 1,185 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 735 365 370 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 640 350 290 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 90 50 35 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 60 20 40 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 20 10 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 25 15 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 90 55 35 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 90 35 50 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 270 155 115 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 5,175 2,320 2,855 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 20 10 10 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 45 30 15 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 940 400 545 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 45 25 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 800 395 405 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 155 75 80 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 135 70 65 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 140 55 85 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 205 105 105 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 105 55 45 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 325 140 180 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,245 510 740 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 75 30 45 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 25 0 15 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 375 155 220 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 515 245 280 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 45 35 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,610 760 850 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 250 115 140 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 35 15 15 465 220 240
Cuba 45 20 20 70 35 30
Haiti 15 0 15 15 0 10
Jamaica 25 15 10 160 115 45
Mexico 0 0 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 45 45 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 35 15 20 1,855 875 975
Europe 275 135 135 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 50 30