Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Falls, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 88,071 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,997 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,265 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,773 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 419.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 209.73 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 88,070 42,530 45,540 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 13,250 6,810 6,440 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 4,070 2,095 1,975 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 4,500 2,315 2,185 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 4,685 2,400 2,285 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 56,970 27,805 29,165 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 5,175 2,650 2,530 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 5,290 2,725 2,565 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 4,925 2,525 2,405 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 4,930 2,370 2,560 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 4,995 2,390 2,605 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 5,525 2,620 2,905 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 6,095 2,960 3,135 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 6,935 3,380 3,560 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 6,865 3,270 3,595 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 6,235 2,920 3,310 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 17,850 7,915 9,935 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 5,670 2,700 2,965 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 4,095 1,945 2,155 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 2,975 1,325 1,650 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 2,385 1,000 1,385 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 2,720 945 1,775 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,695 635 1,065 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 810 260 550 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 190 50 140 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 25 5 20 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 16.0 14.1 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 64.7 65.4 64.0 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 20.3 18.6 21.8 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 3.1 2.2 3.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.4 42.1 44.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.0 43.5 46.2 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,775 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,820 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,420 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,485 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,010 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 2,420 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,300 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,690 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 45 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,775 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 10,110 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 12,445 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 5,790 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 4,770 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,655 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 85,975 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 74,820 35,725 39,095 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 40,555 20,255 20,300 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 34,100 17,035 17,065 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 6,455 3,220 3,235 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 34,265 15,470 18,795 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 20,075 10,905 9,175 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 2,880 1,190 1,685 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 5,630 2,185 3,445 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 5,685 1,190 4,500 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,105 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 13,150 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 5,640 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 4,545 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,780 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,105 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 19,760 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 16,535 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,230 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,345 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 4,295 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 1,050 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,760 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 9,830 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 9,925 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 4,160 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 4,130 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,635 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,345 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 3,315 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 1,475 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,165 6,890 8,275 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,775 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,670 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,270 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,400 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 705 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,395 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 10,110 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,290 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 86,820 42,115 44,700 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 79,730 39,085 40,640 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 65 30 30 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 6,085 2,650 3,440 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 940 350 585 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 86,815 42,120 44,700 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 83,935 40,875 43,065 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 1,670 760 915 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 290 140 155 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 920 345 570 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,815 830 990 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.2 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 86,815 42,120 44,700 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 85,140 41,320 43,820 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 69,440 33,915 35,520 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 67,700 33,140 34,560 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 1,740 780 960 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 15,700 7,400 8,300 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 10 0 5 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 5 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,690 7,395 8,295 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 645 340 305 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 0 0 0 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 0 0 0 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 115 55 65 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 0 0 0 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 115 55 60 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 530 290 240 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 10 0 5 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 465 250 215 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 15 5 5 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 15 10 10 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 5 10 0 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 395 185 215 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 385 175 205 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 955 355 600 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 5 5 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 45 10 30 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 25 10 15 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 20 5 15 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 845 325 520 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 55 30 25 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 185 105 85 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 0 0 5 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 135 75 60 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 35 20 15 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 10 5 5 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 10,785 5,140 5,645 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 30 15 20 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 20 10 15 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 3,000 1,390 1,605 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 30 15 15 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 15 10 10 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 10 5 10 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 2,970 1,375 1,595 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 0 0 0 810 385 430
Bosnian 35 25 15 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 200 95 115 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 165 75 90 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 55 25 35 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 25 15 10 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 675 295 380 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 305 125 180 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 1,050 530 520 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 75 30 40 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 70 30 40 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 245 115 135 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 10 5 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 5 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 985 445 540 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 30 15 15 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 25 10 15 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 230 120 110 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 5 0 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 665 295 370 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 5 0 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 0 5 0 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 15 5 5 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 0 0 0 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 180 95 85 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 1,615 845 770 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 1,410 740 670 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 25 15 10 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 315 170 150 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 225 130 95 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 5 0 5 565 300 265
Konkani 0 0 0 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 25 10 5 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 25 15 10 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 335 160 175 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 15 5 10 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 410 205 200 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 185 95 90 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 50 20 30 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 10 5 5 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 125 65 60 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 4,940 2,345 2,600 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 0 0 0 865 440 425
Italian 3,720 1,775 1,945 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 130 65 70 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 135 60 75 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 950 445 510 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 720 380 340
Japanese 175 60 115 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 5 0 1,715 910 805
Korean 360 175 185 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 0 0 0 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 115 55 55 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 5 5 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 0 0 0 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 0 0 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 5 5 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 20 5 15 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 20 10 10 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 0 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 10 5 5 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 5 0 5 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 30 15 10 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 15 10 10 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,325 620 705 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 1,310 615 700 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 595 275 325 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 5 0 0 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 585 270 315 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 5 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 40 35 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 0 0 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 15 5 5 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 30 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 20 10 10 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 25 10 15 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 200 110 85 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 175 95 80 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 10 5 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 405 175 230 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 5 5 5 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 15 10 5 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 385 165 220 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 1,675 800 880 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 345 155 190 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 1,260 610 650 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 35 15 20 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 86,815 42,120 44,695 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 83,415 40,515 42,890 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 76,505 37,290 39,210 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 76,065 37,085 38,980 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 440 205 235 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 6,905 3,230 3,680 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 5 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,905 3,230 3,680 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 375 175 200 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 0 0 0 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 100 45 55 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 100 45 55 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 275 135 140 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 0 0 0 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 255 125 135 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 5 0 5 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 5 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 5 5 5 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 110 130 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 240 110 125 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 415 175 245 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 15 5 10 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 5 0 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 0 0 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 390 160 225 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 30 15 10 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 5 10 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 85 45 40 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 0 0 0 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 75 40 35 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 10 10 5 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 0 5 0 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 4,115 1,905 2,210 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 10 5 0 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 5 5 0 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,400 660 740 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 5 5 0 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 5 0 5 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 0 0 0 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,395 660 735 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 0 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 20 10 10 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 125 55 70 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 65 30 35 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 10 5 5 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 0 5 0 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 275 120 155 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 165 80 85 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 600 300 305 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 20 10 5 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 70 30 40 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 100 45 55 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 15 5 5 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 5 0 5 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 75 30 45 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 0 0 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 50 25 20 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 880 440 440 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 795 405 390 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 20 10 5 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 195 105 95 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 135 75 60 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 0 0 0 720 355 370
Marathi 5 5 5 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 20 10 5 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 200 90 110 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 5 0 0 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 210 100 110 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 75 30 45 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 20 10 10 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 5 5 0 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 55 25 35 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,675 730 940 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 0 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 1,080 450 635 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 25 10 15 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 65 35 35 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 500 235 260 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 100 50 50 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 0 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 280 140 140 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 0 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 0 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,530 670 865
Shona 5 5 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 15 5 10 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 5 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 35 20 20 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 15 10 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 955 465 495 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 945 455 490 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 410 195 220 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 0 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 470 230 235 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 20 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 15 5 10 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 10 5 5 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 5 5 0 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 105 60 45 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 95 50 45 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 5 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 455 230 225
Uralic languages 105 45 60 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 5 0 0 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 105 45 60 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 3,405 1,600 1,805 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 180 75 105 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 3,150 1,495 1,655 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 10 5 0 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 60 20 40 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 86,815 42,115 44,700 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 77,405 37,735 39,675 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 3,240 1,550 1,690 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 1,180 480 695 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 4,870 2,295 2,575 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 15 5 10 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 4,855 2,290 2,565 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 15 10 5 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 45 20 20 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 65 25 35 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 72,770 34,880 37,890 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,575 33,860 36,725 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,275 35,052 25,365 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,600 33,860 36,740 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,087 31,875 23,892 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,145 30,495 31,655 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,235 32,195 21,433 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,490 24,355 30,130 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,818 5,843 7,233 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,695 25,920 24,775 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,587 30,791 23,643 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 72,770 34,905 37,860 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,570 33,920 36,650 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,360 44,779 32,420 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,590 33,925 36,665 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,091 37,868 28,670 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,085 30,385 31,700 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,170 43,414 29,226 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,790 24,585 30,205 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,423 8,127 8,665 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 50,700 25,810 24,885 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,542 40,851 30,037 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 72,765 34,910 37,860 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 22,365 12,400 9,960 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,526 51,750 39,891 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,073 58,988 45,707 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.1 87.1 77.9 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.8 69.9 63.0 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.9 12.9 22.1 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 72,765 34,880 37,890 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 2,190 1,025 1,165 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 70,575 33,855 36,720 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 97.0 97.1 96.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,865 4,370 5,500 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 14,140 5,515 8,625 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 12,040 4,850 7,190 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 9,390 4,330 5,055 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 7,500 3,770 3,730 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 5,350 2,985 2,360 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 3,445 2,150 1,290 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 1,455 865 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 1,755 1,150 610 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 1,540 915 625 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 3,230 2,360 870 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 2,455 1,760 695 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 780 605 175 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 72,770 34,880 37,890 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 2,170 1,020 1,150 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 70,595 33,855 36,740 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.1 97.0 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,160 4,425 5,735 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 14,835 5,810 9,025 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 13,795 5,680 8,115 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 10,775 5,265 5,520 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 7,965 4,250 3,715 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 4,635 2,815 1,820 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 2,945 1,875 1,070 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 2,130 1,365 765 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 3,350 2,380 970 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,370 880 485 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 695 530 170 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 1,280 970 315 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 72,765 34,880 37,890 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 22,070 8,960 13,115 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 50,700 25,925 24,775 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 69.7 74.3 65.4 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,845 4,230 3,620 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 4,880 2,190 2,690 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 8,015 3,395 4,615 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 6,820 2,940 3,880 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 5,585 2,545 3,035 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 4,850 2,385 2,465 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 3,550 2,070 1,480 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 2,335 1,505 835 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 1,670 1,070 600 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 5,155 3,590 1,565 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 1,330 890 435 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 1,390 800 580 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 2,440 1,895 545 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,770 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,727 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,067 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,105 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,995 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,512 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,665 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,103 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,352 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,775 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,678 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,296 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,070 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,096 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,907 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,700 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,014 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,597 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,770 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 375 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 500 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,060 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,580 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,865 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,680 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,780 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,850 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,815 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,875 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,265 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,920 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,500 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,260 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,820 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,625 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,420 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,080 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,005 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,115 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,775 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 395 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 510 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,080 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,035 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,920 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,010 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,115 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,220 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,055 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,690 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,270 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,765 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,195 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,810 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,025 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,890 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,550 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,590 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 24,780 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,074 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,298 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,005 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,426 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,239 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 10,050 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,679 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,685 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,970 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,280 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,543 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 24,790 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,099 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,561 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,960 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,929 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,800 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,075 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,777 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,625 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,980 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,176 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,296 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,080 6,050 7,035 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,052 31,163 26,173 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,137 28,518 24,850 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,160 6,120 7,040 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,003 39,811 32,695 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,400 34,005 29,137 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 85,975 41,660 44,315 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 49,520 23,195 26,330 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 8,740 4,065 4,675 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 10,685 4,670 6,015 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 10,510 4,915 5,595 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 9,920 4,785 5,135 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 9,665 4,765 4,900 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 36,455 18,470 17,985 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 9,000 4,510 4,490 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 8,525 4,285 4,235 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 7,550 3,840 3,710 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 6,800 3,460 3,340 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 4,580 2,375 2,210 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 85,975 41,665 44,310 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 16,240 8,350 7,890 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 4,895 2,520 2,375 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 53,275 25,850 27,430 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 16,465 7,470 8,995 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,855 6,190 7,665 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 3,560 1,830 1,730 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 1,170 595 570 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 8,125 3,615 4,515 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 2,165 745 1,420 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.1 14.9 17.3 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 21.9 21.9 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 23.9 23.6 24.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.0 16.5 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 13.1 10.0 15.8 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,670 3,195 3,480 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 1,475 785 690 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 490 250 240 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 4,755 2,230 2,530 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 445 180 260 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.7 7.9 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.1 9.4 8.7 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0 9.9 10.1 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.6 9.2 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.4 2.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 85,975 41,665 44,315 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 84,995 41,305 43,690 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 84,950 41,280 43,670 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 6,150 2,760 3,390 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 19,330 9,115 10,220 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 15 10 10 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 10 10 10 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 10 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 10 0 0 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,320 9,100 10,215 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 855 450 405 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 140 80 65 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 140 80 65 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 745 390 350 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 0 0 0 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 655 350 305 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 50 25 25 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 25 15 10 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 0 0 0 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 515 225 285 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 0 25 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 485 220 265 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 1,280 505 775 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 10 10 10 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 85 30 50 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 45 10 35 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 15 0 10 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,230 480 755 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 40 25 15 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 240 140 95 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 0 0 0 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 195 120 70 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 55 35 15 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 10 0 0 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 13,675 6,445 7,230 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 50 25 30 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 50 15 30 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 3,335 1,570 1,765 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 45 20 30 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 30 15 10 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 20 0 15 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 3,290 1,550 1,740 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 0 0 0 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 165 80 85 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 170 95 75 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 380 180 200 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 120 50 65 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 25 15 10 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 805 375 430 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 390 155 230 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 1,290 645 650 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 60 35 25 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 55 25 25 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 310 125 185 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 50 20 30 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 15 10 10 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 1,135 510 625 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 50 20 30 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 40 10 35 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 270 120 150 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 15 0 10 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 735 340 400 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 10 0 10 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 10 10 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 30 15 10 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 310 155 160 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 2,030 1,010 1,020 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 1,765 880 885 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 50 30 20 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 415 225 190 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 795 435 360 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 10 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 35 15 20 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 70 45 25 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 440 200 240 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 45 10 35 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 25 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 490 220 275 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 260 125 130 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 110 55 55 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 0 0 0 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 155 75 75 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 6,860 3,205 3,650 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 0 0 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 4,920 2,290 2,635 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 260 135 125 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 220 120 105 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 1,705 770 935 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 215 105 110 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 10 10 10 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 310 145 165 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 0 0 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 200 105 90 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 0 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 0 0 10 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 0 0 0 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 30 15 15 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 95 55 45 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 0 0 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 25 20 0 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 25 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 155 75 80 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 65 25 35 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,555 745 810 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 1,540 745 800 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 700 305 395 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 0 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 905 425 480 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 45 45 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 65 40 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 15 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 0 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 15 0 15 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 10 10 0 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 25 10 20 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 205 110 100 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 155 75 80 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 50 30 15 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 0 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 400 180 215 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 10 0 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 30 10 15 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 365 170 195 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 85,975 41,660 44,315 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 81,610 39,780 41,830 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,900 8,175 7,725 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 65,705 31,600 34,105 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,370 1,885 2,485 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 85,975 41,665 44,310 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 67,310 33,020 34,290 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 17,845 8,235 9,610 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 7,855 3,690 4,170 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 1,845 855 990 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 3,030 1,350 1,680 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 3,495 1,570 1,920 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 1,725 785 935 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 1,770 785 985 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,610 760 850 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 820 410 410 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 17,840 8,235 9,610 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 1,960 995 965 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 3,485 1,745 1,740 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 4,380 1,995 2,390 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 6,790 2,955 3,835 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 1,220 545 680 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,840 8,230 9,610 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 2,865 1,175 1,690 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 45 0 40 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 315 140 170 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 75 25 50 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 80 45 35 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 25 0 20 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 155 80 80 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 110 55 55 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 35 10 25 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 195 75 115 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,315 485 830 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 520 250 270 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 9,080 4,340 4,745 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 255 125 135 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 565 295 280 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 65 30 35 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 435 190 245 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 100 60 35 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 230 105 130 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 2,765 1,320 1,445 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 200 100 100 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 515 230 285 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 95 65 30 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 215 125 85 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 125 55 65 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 360 155 205 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 150 50 95 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,230 1,045 1,185 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 735 365 370 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 640 350 290 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 0 0 0 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 90 50 35 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 0 0 0 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 60 20 40 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 20 10 0 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 25 15 0 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 90 55 35 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 90 35 50 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 270 155 115 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 5,175 2,320 2,855 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 20 10 10 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 45 30 15 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 940 400 545 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 45 25 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 800 395 405 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 155 75 80 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 135 70 65 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 140 55 85 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 205 105 105 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 105 55 45 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 325 140 180 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 1,245 510 740 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 75 30 45 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 25 0 15 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 375 155 220 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 515 245 280 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 45 35 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,610 760 850 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 250 115 140 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 0 0 0 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 35 15 15 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 45 20 20 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 15 0 15 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 25 15 10 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 0 0 0 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 45 45 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 10 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 35 15 20 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 275 135 135 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 0 0 0 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 10 0 0 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 5,900 2,735 3,165