Census Profile, 2016 Census
Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Niagara Falls, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Niagara Falls, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 88,071 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 82,997 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.1 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 37,265 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,773 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 419.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 209.73 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 88,070 42,530 45,540 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 13,250 6,810 6,440 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 4,070 2,095 1,975 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 4,500 2,315 2,185 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 4,685 2,400 2,285 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 56,970 27,805 29,165 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 5,175 2,650 2,530 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 5,290 2,725 2,565 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 4,925 2,525 2,405 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 4,930 2,370 2,560 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 4,995 2,390 2,605 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 5,525 2,620 2,905 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 6,095 2,960 3,135 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 6,935 3,380 3,560 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 6,865 3,270 3,595 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,235 2,920 3,310 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 17,850 7,915 9,935 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,670 2,700 2,965 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,095 1,945 2,155 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,975 1,325 1,650 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,385 1,000 1,385 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 2,720 945 1,775 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,695 635 1,065 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 810 260 550 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 190 50 140 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 25 5 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 16.0 14.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.7 65.4 64.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 20.3 18.6 21.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.1 2.2 3.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.4 42.1 44.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 45.0 43.5 46.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,775 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 23,820 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,420 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,485 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,010 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 2,420 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,300 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,690 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 65 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 45 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,775 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 10,110 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 12,445 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 5,790 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 4,770 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,655 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 85,975 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 74,820 35,725 39,095 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 40,555 20,255 20,300 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 34,100 17,035 17,065 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 6,455 3,220 3,235 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 34,265 15,470 18,795 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 20,075 10,905 9,175 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,880 1,190 1,685 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,630 2,185 3,445 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 5,685 1,190 4,500 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,105 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 13,150 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 5,640 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 4,545 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,780 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,105 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 19,760 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 16,535 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,230 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,345 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 4,295 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,050 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,760 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 9,830 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 9,925 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 4,160 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 4,130 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 1,635 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,345 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 3,315 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,475 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,165 6,890 8,275 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,775 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,670 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,270 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,400 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 705 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,395 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 10,110 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,290 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 86,820 42,115 44,700 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 79,730 39,085 40,640 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 65 30 30 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 6,085 2,650 3,440 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 940 350 585 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 86,815 42,120 44,700 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 83,935 40,875 43,065 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,670 760 915 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 290 140 155 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 920 345 570 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,815 830 990 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 86,815 42,120 44,700 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 85,140 41,320 43,820 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 69,440 33,915 35,520 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 67,700 33,140 34,560 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,740 780 960 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 15,700 7,400 8,300 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 5 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,690 7,395 8,295 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 645 340 305 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 115 55 65 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 115 55 60 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 530 290 240 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 10 0 5 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 465 250 215 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 15 5 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 15 10 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 10 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 395 185 215 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 385 175 205 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 955 355 600 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 45 10 30 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 25 10 15 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 20 5 15 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 845 325 520 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 55 30 25 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 185 105 85 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 0 0 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 135 75 60 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 35 20 15 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 10 5 5 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 10,785 5,140 5,645 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 30 15 20 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 20 10 15 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,000 1,390 1,605 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 30 15 15 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 15 10 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 10 5 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,970 1,375 1,595 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 35 25 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 200 95 115 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 165 75 90 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 55 25 35 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 25 15 10 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 675 295 380 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 305 125 180 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,050 530 520 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 75 30 40 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 70 30 40 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 245 115 135 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 5 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 985 445 540 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 15 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 25 10 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 230 120 110 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 5 1,240 630 620
German 665 295 370 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 5 0 940 405 540
Swedish 15 5 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 180 95 85 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,615 845 770 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 1,410 740 670 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 25 15 10 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 315 170 150 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 225 130 95 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 5 345 170 175
Konkani 0 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 25 10 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 25 15 10 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 335 160 175 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 15 5 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 410 205 200 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 185 95 90 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 50 20 30 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 10 5 5 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 125 65 60 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,940 2,345 2,600 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 3,720 1,775 1,945 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 130 65 70 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 135 60 75 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 950 445 510 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 175 60 115 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 360 175 185 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 115 55 55 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 5 15 1,455 660 790
Swahili 20 10 10 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 10 5 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 30 15 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 15 10 10 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,325 620 705 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,310 615 700 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 595 275 325 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 5 0 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 585 270 315 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 10 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 40 35 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 15 5 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 30 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 20 10 10 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 25 10 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 200 110 85 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 175 95 80 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 405 175 230 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 5 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 15 10 5 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 385 165 220 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 1,675 800 880 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 345 155 190 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,260 610 650 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 35 15 20 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 86,815 42,120 44,695 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 83,415 40,515 42,890 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 76,505 37,290 39,210 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 76,065 37,085 38,980 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 440 205 235 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 6,905 3,230 3,680 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,905 3,230 3,680 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 375 175 200 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 100 45 55 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 100 45 55 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 275 135 140 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 255 125 135 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 0 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 5 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 240 110 130 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 240 110 125 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 415 175 245 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 5 0 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 390 160 225 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 30 15 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 10 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 85 45 40 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 75 40 35 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 10 10 5 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 0 5 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 4,115 1,905 2,210 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 10 5 0 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5 5 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,400 660 740 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 5 5 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,395 660 735 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 20 10 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 125 55 70 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 65 30 35 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 5 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 5 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 275 120 155 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 165 80 85 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 600 300 305 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 20 10 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 70 30 40 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 100 45 55 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 15 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 75 30 45 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 50 25 20 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 880 440 440 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 795 405 390 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 20 10 5 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 195 105 95 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 135 75 60 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 5 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 20 10 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 200 90 110 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 210 100 110 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 75 30 45 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 20 10 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 5 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 55 25 35 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,675 730 940 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,080 450 635 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 25 10 15 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 65 35 35 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 500 235 260 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 100 50 50 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 280 140 140 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 15 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 35 20 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 15 10 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 955 465 495 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 945 455 490 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 410 195 220 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 470 230 235 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 20 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 15 5 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 10 5 5 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 5 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 105 60 45 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 95 50 45 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 105 45 60 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 105 45 60 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 3,405 1,600 1,805 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 180 75 105 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 3,150 1,495 1,655 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 10 5 0 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 60 20 40 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 86,815 42,115 44,700 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 77,405 37,735 39,675 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 3,240 1,550 1,690 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,180 480 695 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 4,870 2,295 2,575 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 15 5 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 4,855 2,290 2,565 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 15 10 5 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 45 20 20 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 65 25 35 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 72,770 34,880 37,890 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,575 33,860 36,725 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,275 35,052 25,365 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,600 33,860 36,740 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,087 31,875 23,892 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,145 30,495 31,655 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,235 32,195 21,433 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 54,490 24,355 30,130 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,818 5,843 7,233 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,695 25,920 24,775 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,587 30,791 23,643 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 72,770 34,905 37,860 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,570 33,920 36,650 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,360 44,779 32,420 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,590 33,925 36,665 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,091 37,868 28,670 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,085 30,385 31,700 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,170 43,414 29,226 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 54,790 24,585 30,205 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,423 8,127 8,665 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 50,700 25,810 24,885 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,542 40,851 30,037 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 72,765 34,910 37,860 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 22,365 12,400 9,960 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,526 51,750 39,891 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,073 58,988 45,707 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.1 87.1 77.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.8 69.9 63.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.9 12.9 22.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 72,765 34,880 37,890 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 2,190 1,025 1,165 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 70,575 33,855 36,720 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 97.0 97.1 96.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,865 4,370 5,500 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 14,140 5,515 8,625 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 12,040 4,850 7,190 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 9,390 4,330 5,055 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 7,500 3,770 3,730 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,350 2,985 2,360 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 3,445 2,150 1,290 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 1,455 865 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 1,755 1,150 610 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 1,540 915 625 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 3,230 2,360 870 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 2,455 1,760 695 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 780 605 175 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 72,770 34,880 37,890 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 2,170 1,020 1,150 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 70,595 33,855 36,740 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.1 97.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,160 4,425 5,735 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 14,835 5,810 9,025 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 13,795 5,680 8,115 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 10,775 5,265 5,520 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 7,965 4,250 3,715 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 4,635 2,815 1,820 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 2,945 1,875 1,070 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 2,130 1,365 765 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 3,350 2,380 970 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 1,370 880 485 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 695 530 170 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,280 970 315 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 72,765 34,880 37,890 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 22,070 8,960 13,115 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 50,700 25,925 24,775 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.7 74.3 65.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,845 4,230 3,620 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,880 2,190 2,690 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,015 3,395 4,615 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,820 2,940 3,880 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,585 2,545 3,035 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 4,850 2,385 2,465 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 3,550 2,070 1,480 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 2,335 1,505 835 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 1,670 1,070 600 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 5,155 3,590 1,565 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,330 890 435 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,390 800 580 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 2,440 1,895 545 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,770 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,727 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,067 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,105 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,995 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,512 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,665 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,103 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,352 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,775 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,678 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,296 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,070 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,096 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,907 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,700 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,014 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,597 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,770 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 375 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 500 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,060 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,580 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,865 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,680 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,780 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,850 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,815 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,875 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,265 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,920 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,500 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,260 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,820 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,625 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,420 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,080 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,005 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,115 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,775 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 395 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 510 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,080 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,035 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,920 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,010 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,115 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,220 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,055 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,690 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,270 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,765 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,195 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,810 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,025 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,890 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,550 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,590 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 24,780 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,074 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,298 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,005 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,426 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,239 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 10,050 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,679 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,685 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,970 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,280 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,543 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 24,790 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,099 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,561 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,960 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,929 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,800 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,075 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,777 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,625 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,980 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,176 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,296 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,080 6,050 7,035 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,052 31,163 26,173 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,137 28,518 24,850 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,160 6,120 7,040 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,003 39,811 32,695 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,400 34,005 29,137 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 85,975 41,660 44,315 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 49,520 23,195 26,330 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 8,740 4,065 4,675 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 10,685 4,670 6,015 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 10,510 4,915 5,595 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,920 4,785 5,135 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 9,665 4,765 4,900 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 36,455 18,470 17,985 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,000 4,510 4,490 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 8,525 4,285 4,235 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 7,550 3,840 3,710 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 6,800 3,460 3,340 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 4,580 2,375 2,210 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 85,975 41,665 44,310 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 16,240 8,350 7,890 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 4,895 2,520 2,375 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 53,275 25,850 27,430 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 16,465 7,470 8,995 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,855 6,190 7,665 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,560 1,830 1,730 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,170 595 570 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 8,125 3,615 4,515 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,165 745 1,420 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.1 14.9 17.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 21.9 21.9 21.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 23.9 23.6 24.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.0 16.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 13.1 10.0 15.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,670 3,195 3,480 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,475 785 690 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 490 250 240 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 4,755 2,230 2,530 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 445 180 260 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.8 7.7 7.9 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.1 9.4 8.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0 9.9 10.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.9 8.6 9.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.4 2.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 85,975 41,665 44,315 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 84,995 41,305 43,690 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 84,950 41,280 43,670 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 6,150 2,760 3,390 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 19,330 9,115 10,220 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 15 10 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 10 10 10 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,320 9,100 10,215 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 855 450 405 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 140 80 65 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 140 80 65 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 745 390 350 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 0 0 0 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 655 350 305 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 50 25 25 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 25 15 10 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 515 225 285 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 0 25 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 485 220 265 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,280 505 775 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 10 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 85 30 50 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 45 10 35 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 15 0 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,230 480 755 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 40 25 15 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 240 140 95 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 0 0 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 195 120 70 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 55 35 15 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 10 0 0 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 13,675 6,445 7,230 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 50 25 30 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 50 15 30 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,335 1,570 1,765 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 45 20 30 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 30 15 10 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 20 0 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,290 1,550 1,740 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 165 80 85 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 170 95 75 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 380 180 200 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 120 50 65 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 25 15 10 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 805 375 430 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 390 155 230 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,290 645 650 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 60 35 25 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 55 25 25 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 310 125 185 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 50 20 30 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,135 510 625 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 50 20 30 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 40 10 35 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 270 120 150 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 15 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 735 340 400 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 30 15 10 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 310 155 160 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 2,030 1,010 1,020 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 1,765 880 885 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 50 30 20 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 415 225 190 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 795 435 360 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 35 15 20 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 70 45 25 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 440 200 240 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 45 10 35 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 25 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 490 220 275 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 260 125 130 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 110 55 55 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 0 0 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 155 75 75 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 6,860 3,205 3,650 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 4,920 2,290 2,635 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 260 135 125 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 220 120 105 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 1,705 770 935 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 215 105 110 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 10 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 310 145 165 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 200 105 90 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 0 0 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 30 15 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 95 55 45 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 25 20 0 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 25 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 155 75 80 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 65 25 35 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,555 745 810 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,540 745 800 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 700 305 395 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 905 425 480 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 45 45 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 65 40 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 15 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 15 0 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 10 10 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 25 10 20 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 205 110 100 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 155 75 80 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 50 30 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 400 180 215 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 10 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 30 10 15 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 365 170 195 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 85,975 41,660 44,315 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 81,610 39,780 41,830 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,900 8,175 7,725 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 65,705 31,600 34,105 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,370 1,885 2,485 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 85,975 41,665 44,310 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 67,310 33,020 34,290 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 17,845 8,235 9,610 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 7,855 3,690 4,170 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,845 855 990 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 3,030 1,350 1,680 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 3,495 1,570 1,920 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 1,725 785 935 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 1,770 785 985 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,610 760 850 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 820 410 410 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 17,840 8,235 9,610 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 1,960 995 965 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 3,485 1,745 1,740 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 4,380 1,995 2,390 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 6,790 2,955 3,835 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,220 545 680 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 17,840 8,230 9,610 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 2,865 1,175 1,690 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 45 0 40 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 315 140 170 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 75 25 50 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 80 45 35 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 25 0 20 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 155 80 80 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 110 55 55 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 35 10 25 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 195 75 115 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,315 485 830 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 520 250 270 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 9,080 4,340 4,745 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 255 125 135 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 565 295 280 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 65 30 35 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 435 190 245 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 100 60 35 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 230 105 130 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,765 1,320 1,445 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 200 100 100 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 515 230 285 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 95 65 30 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 215 125 85 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 125 55 65 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 360 155 205 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 150 50 95 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,230 1,045 1,185 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 735 365 370 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 640 350 290 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 90 50 35 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 0 0 0 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 60 20 40 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 20 10 0 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 25 15 0 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 90 55 35 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 90 35 50 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 270 155 115 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 5,175 2,320 2,855 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 20 10 10 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 45 30 15 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 940 400 545 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 45 25 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 800 395 405 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 155 75 80 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 135 70 65 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 140 55 85 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 205 105 105 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 105 55 45 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 325 140 180 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,245 510 740 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 75 30 45 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 25 0 15 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 375 155 220 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 515 245 280 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 45 35 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,610 760 850 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 250 115 140 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 35 15 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 45 20 20 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 15 0 15 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 25 15 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 0 0 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 45 45 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 35 15 20 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 275 135 135 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 50 30