Census Profile, 2016 Census
St. Catharines, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic St. Catharines, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , St. Catharines, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : St. Catharines, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 133,113 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 131,400 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 59,879 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 56,873 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,384.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 96.13 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 133,110 63,490 69,620 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 18,840 9,615 9,225 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,020 3,085 2,930 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 6,385 3,235 3,155 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 6,435 3,295 3,140 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 85,400 41,260 44,135 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 7,445 3,780 3,665 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 9,515 4,645 4,875 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 8,875 4,405 4,470 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,770 3,810 3,965 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 7,025 3,355 3,675 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,500 3,615 3,885 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,310 3,985 4,330 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 10,105 4,790 5,315 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 9,790 4,675 5,115 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 9,060 4,210 4,850 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 28,875 12,610 16,265 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 8,665 4,065 4,595 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,615 3,080 3,540 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 5,040 2,285 2,755 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,980 1,620 2,360 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 4,575 1,565 3,010 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,830 1,095 1,735 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,410 405 1,005 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 300 65 240 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 30 5 25 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.2 15.1 13.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.2 65.0 63.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 21.7 19.9 23.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 3.4 2.5 4.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 43.7 42.3 44.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 44.7 43.0 46.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 56,875 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 32,390 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,135 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,255 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,280 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 4,620 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,375 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 7,775 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 210 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 95 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 56,875 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 18,155 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 20,070 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,330 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 6,745 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,575 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 129,845 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 114,275 53,875 60,400 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 60,600 30,300 30,300 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 50,565 25,300 25,260 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 10,035 5,000 5,035 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 53,675 23,570 30,100 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 32,190 16,785 15,400 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 4,405 1,845 2,555 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 8,315 3,170 5,145 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 8,770 1,770 7,000 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,975 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 20,295 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 7,875 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 6,250 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,560 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,980 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 29,515 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 24,500 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,015 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,470 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 6,085 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 1,380 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,515 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 15,630 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 13,875 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 5,820 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 5,685 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,370 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,465 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 4,660 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 2,055 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 755 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 26,930 12,045 14,885 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 56,870 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 35,315 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,955 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,360 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 820 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 20,735 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 18,155 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,585 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 130,625 62,560 68,070 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 120,145 58,210 61,935 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 110 40 70 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 9,395 3,920 5,475 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 970 380 590 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 130,625 62,560 68,070 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 126,575 60,815 65,765 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,675 1,170 1,505 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 430 210 220 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 945 370 580 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,890 1,270 1,620 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.2 2.0 2.4 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 130,625 62,555 68,070 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 128,590 61,645 66,950 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 107,535 51,920 55,615 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 104,760 50,695 54,065 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,770 1,225 1,545 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 21,060 9,720 11,340 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 15 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 5 0 5 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,040 9,715 11,325 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,555 795 755 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 40 20 20 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 30 15 20 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,505 775 730 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 30 10 20 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,365 700 670 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 15 10 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 30 20 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 25 15 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 25 10 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 370 175 200 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 55 80 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 240 120 120 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 820 315 505 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 20 10 15 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 60 30 35 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 10 5 5 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 695 260 440 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 40 25 20 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 35 15 15 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 160 80 75 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 5 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 85 50 35 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 45 20 25 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 25 10 10 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 14,190 6,565 7,625 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 120 55 60 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 175 85 95 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 4,100 1,800 2,295 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 105 35 65 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 55 20 35 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 50 20 35 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,995 1,770 2,230 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 140 75 65 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 70 40 30 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 210 100 115 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 135 70 65 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 40 25 20 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 1,760 745 1,015 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 480 220 260 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 120 65 55 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 140 65 75 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 55 90 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 700 290 410 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 15 10 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 3,460 1,520 1,935 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 10 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 50 20 30 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,100 500 600 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 20 10 10 1,240 630 620
German 2,195 950 1,245 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 15 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 15 10 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 285 130 155 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 1,250 635 620 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 870 445 430 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 105 60 45 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 140 70 65 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 115 65 50 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 5 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 20 10 10 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 15 10 5 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 105 45 65 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 15 10 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 325 160 160 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 375 190 185 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 150 75 75 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 25 10 10 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 200 100 95 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,780 2,325 2,455 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 2,270 1,110 1,160 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 280 120 155 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 145 70 75 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,080 1,015 1,065 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 80 20 60 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 475 215 260 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 305 145 160 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 45 25 15 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 0 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 75 35 40 1,455 660 790
Swahili 65 30 40 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 35 20 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 10 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,230 985 1,250 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 2,225 980 1,245 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 370 175 195 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 5 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,685 720 965 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 15 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 60 55 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 5 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 5 5 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 225 105 115 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 205 100 105 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 25 10 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 95 55 40 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 75 40 30 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 450 205 245 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 55 25 30 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 55 30 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 340 155 190 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 2,035 915 1,120 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 425 195 230 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,475 660 815 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 80 35 45 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 130,625 62,555 68,070 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 126,495 60,690 65,800 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 117,680 56,615 61,065 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 116,865 56,255 60,605 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 820 360 455 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 8,810 4,075 4,735 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 5 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,810 4,070 4,735 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 830 410 420 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 5 0 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 815 405 410 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 5 0 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 765 375 385 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 15 15 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 10 5 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 225 110 115 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 160 85 80 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 340 155 185 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 10 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 35 20 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 285 135 155 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 20 5 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 40 15 20 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 25 10 10 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 10 5 5 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 5 5 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 5,025 2,320 2,710 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 60 30 30 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 65 25 40 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,635 750 885 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 20 5 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,610 740 865 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 95 50 40 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 35 20 15 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 60 30 30 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 35 15 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 30 20 15 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 735 320 420 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 300 145 155 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 65 30 40 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 35 15 20 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 170 75 90 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 395 180 215 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 5 0 280 135 150
Dutch 45 20 25 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 330 145 185 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 105 45 60 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 685 340 340 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 475 240 235 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 65 35 30 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 85 45 45 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 55 30 25 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 10 5 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 10 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 30 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 10 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 180 90 90 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 210 105 105 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 95 45 50 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 5 5 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 110 55 55 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,080 945 1,140 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 625 245 375 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 110 45 60 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 65 30 35 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,280 620 670 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 25 15 15 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 345 155 190 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 75 35 40 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 5 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 25 10 10 455 210 245
Swahili 25 10 15 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 25 20 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 10 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,550 690 855 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,540 685 855 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 195 90 105 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,250 545 705 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 10 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 45 30 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 0 5 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 135 60 75 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 130 60 65 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 10 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 45 25 20 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 30 20 15 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 125 55 70 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 5 790 290 500
Finnish 10 10 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 110 45 65 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 4,135 1,865 2,265 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 320 145 180 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 3,710 1,680 2,035 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 25 10 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 75 35 35 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 130,630 62,560 68,070 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 118,190 56,865 61,330 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 4,285 2,020 2,270 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,525 620 905 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 6,415 2,950 3,465 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 30 15 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 6,385 2,940 3,450 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 40 20 20 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 75 40 35 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 90 40 50 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 111,055 52,605 58,445 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,290 50,845 56,450 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,110 36,358 26,059 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,325 50,845 56,480 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,833 32,963 24,392 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,170 45,460 48,705 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,355 34,102 22,248 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,985 36,865 46,125 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,089 6,002 7,575 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,045 38,180 36,860 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,259 31,419 24,258 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 111,055 52,610 58,445 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,255 50,820 56,440 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,919 46,239 34,228 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,295 50,820 56,475 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,091 38,816 29,839 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,075 45,315 48,760 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,097 45,367 31,340 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,030 37,025 46,005 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,401 7,939 8,772 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,045 37,975 37,070 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,272 42,350 32,071 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 111,060 52,610 58,445 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,505 17,655 14,855 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,639 52,713 42,798 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,697 62,375 49,949 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.9 87.8 79.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.5 68.9 61.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.1 12.2 21.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 111,060 52,610 58,450 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,765 1,765 2,000 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 107,290 50,845 56,445 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.6 96.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,020 6,530 8,485 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 20,920 8,110 12,805 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 17,525 6,800 10,725 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 13,670 6,255 7,420 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 11,280 5,605 5,675 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 8,280 4,565 3,710 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,610 3,300 2,310 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,775 2,340 1,435 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,885 1,825 1,065 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,490 1,465 1,025 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 5,840 4,055 1,785 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 4,165 2,810 1,360 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,675 1,240 430 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 111,060 52,610 58,445 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,730 1,765 1,965 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 107,325 50,845 56,480 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.6 96.6 96.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,465 6,600 8,865 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 21,910 8,520 13,390 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 20,165 8,070 12,090 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 15,780 7,490 8,290 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 12,305 6,560 5,740 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 7,475 4,320 3,155 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 4,705 3,020 1,685 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,575 2,165 1,405 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 5,950 4,095 1,855 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,200 1,380 820 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,175 830 340 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 2,580 1,885 695 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 111,055 52,605 58,445 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 36,010 14,430 21,585 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 75,045 38,185 36,865 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 67.6 72.6 63.1 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,600 6,690 5,915 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,535 2,895 3,640 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 11,320 4,870 6,450 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 9,515 4,090 5,425 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 8,000 3,620 4,380 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,975 3,320 3,655 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,260 3,020 2,240 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,565 2,200 1,370 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,615 1,675 935 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 8,655 5,800 2,855 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,185 1,360 815 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,165 1,225 940 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 4,305 3,215 1,095 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 56,870 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,256 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 53,360 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 18,155 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,676 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,160 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 38,715 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,985 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,907 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 56,870 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,282 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,317 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 18,115 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,326 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,511 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 38,760 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,621 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,248 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 56,875 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 990 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 815 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,040 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,710 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,045 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,755 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,900 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,900 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,870 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,690 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,100 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,430 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,925 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,225 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,885 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,600 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,100 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,185 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,110 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,200 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 56,875 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,030 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 820 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,050 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,855 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,420 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,095 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,290 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,405 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,305 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,150 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,725 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,950 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,145 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,380 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,700 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,555 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,325 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,380 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,855 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 36,725 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,681 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,408 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,695 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,033 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,271 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,055 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,338 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,562 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,005 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,420 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,544 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 36,715 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,625 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,956 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,650 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,524 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,444 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,080 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,389 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,917 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,970 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,153 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,329 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 24,335 10,925 13,405 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,548 29,041 26,831 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,716 26,548 25,327 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 24,315 10,890 13,425 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,227 37,576 35,132 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,219 31,793 30,752 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 129,845 62,195 67,650 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 73,590 34,060 39,530 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 15,885 7,435 8,450 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 15,370 6,635 8,735 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 14,735 6,680 8,050 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 13,890 6,635 7,255 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 13,710 6,680 7,025 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 56,260 28,135 28,125 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 13,065 6,435 6,625 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 12,410 6,140 6,275 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 11,475 5,725 5,745 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 10,770 5,475 5,300 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 8,535 4,365 4,175 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 129,845 62,195 67,650 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 23,000 11,725 11,280 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,235 3,715 3,525 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 80,390 38,645 41,740 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 26,455 11,830 14,630 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,715 10,165 12,545 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 5,490 2,845 2,650 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,935 980 955 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 14,040 6,265 7,780 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,180 1,060 2,120 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.3 18.5 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 23.9 24.3 23.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 26.7 26.4 27.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 17.5 16.2 18.6 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.0 14.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,055 6,205 6,850 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,655 1,375 1,285 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 950 470 480 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 9,770 4,590 5,185 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 620 240 385 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.1 10.0 10.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.7 11.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 12.7 13.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.9 12.4 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.3 2.0 2.6 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 129,845 62,200 67,650 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 128,880 61,775 67,100 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 128,805 61,755 67,050 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 9,415 3,910 5,505 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 25,770 11,960 13,810 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 15 0 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 25,745 11,950 13,800 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,210 1,100 1,110 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 75 50 30 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 10 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 55 45 15 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 2,130 1,060 1,070 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 40 15 20 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,920 945 975 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 100 60 45 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 55 25 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 35 10 20 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 30 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 465 215 250 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 190 85 105 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 275 140 135 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,070 415 655 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 20 10 15 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 35 15 20 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 25 10 15 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,030 405 635 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 115 65 50 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 40 20 15 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 45 25 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 225 105 120 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 20 10 10 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 100 45 50 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 85 45 35 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 45 20 25 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 17,405 8,110 9,290 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 130 55 75 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 210 105 105 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,530 2,045 2,480 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 100 50 40 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 50 20 30 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 45 30 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 4,455 2,010 2,440 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 180 80 100 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 110 60 50 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 295 145 150 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 115 60 50 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 80 50 30 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 2,005 855 1,155 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 700 350 350 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 170 95 75 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 45 15 30 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 110 50 65 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 75 100 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 820 355 465 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 60 40 15 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 35 20 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 4,015 1,765 2,250 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 85 40 45 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 40 20 15 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,160 525 630 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 2,710 1,175 1,535 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 40 15 25 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 50 15 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 300 145 150 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 1,475 785 690 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 1,085 575 515 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 150 90 65 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 170 85 80 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 440 235 205 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 45 15 25 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245 120 125 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 20 15 10 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 30 25 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 380 205 175 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 400 225 175 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 160 75 80 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 15 0 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 250 145 105 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 7,115 3,400 3,720 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 20 20 0 515 275 240
Italian 3,220 1,510 1,705 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 430 190 240 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 170 85 85 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,530 1,705 1,825 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,355 745 605
Japanese 155 45 110 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 10 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 525 230 295 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 550 245 305 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 105 45 60 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 20 10 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 25 10 15 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 15 0 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 20 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 95 45 55 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 150 75 75 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 15 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 80 30 45 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 165 85 85 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 100 45 55 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,560 1,255 1,300 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 2,555 1,255 1,300 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 570 260 315 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 15 0 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,050 990 1,060 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 35 30 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 55 30 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 320 120 205 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 260 105 155 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 85 20 65 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 130 80 55 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 15 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 80 40 40 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 0 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 510 230 280 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 50 25 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 70 35 35 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 385 170 215 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 129,845 62,200 67,650 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 123,100 59,095 64,000 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 22,400 11,480 10,920 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 100,695 47,615 53,080 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,750 3,100 3,650 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 129,845 62,195 67,650 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 102,935 49,595 53,340 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 24,545 11,410 13,135 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 12,070 5,550 6,520 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 2,685 1,265 1,425 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 3,040 1,425 1,615 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 4,770 2,265 2,505 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 2,335 1,110 1,230 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,435 1,160 1,275 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,980 905 1,080 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,365 1,190 1,175 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 24,545 11,405 13,140 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,045 1,470 1,575 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 5,010 2,545 2,470 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 5,825 2,570 3,255 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 9,160 4,105 5,055 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,500 720 785 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 24,545 11,410 13,135 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 4,620 2,195 2,425 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 45 0 40 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 620 290 330 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 260 115 150 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 80 40 40 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 20 0 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 480 300 180 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 205 95 105 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 65 30 35 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 335 165 170 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,380 600 775 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,135 545 590 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 13,150 6,055 7,095 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 170 75 95 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 175 90 85 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 90 35 55 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 920 365 555 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 170 95 75 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 250 130 125 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 85 80 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,750 890 860 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,005 490 515 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,375 570 805 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 185 85 105 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 200 95 115 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 245 100 145 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 135 70 65 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 435 185 250 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,620 2,120 2,505 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,260 585 675 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,545 740 805 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 75 30 45 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 130 60 65 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 45 20 30 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 70 40 35 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 20 10 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 90 35 55 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 55 45 15 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 155 65 85 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 895 425 465 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 5,160 2,370 2,785 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 70 30 40 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 70 45 25 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 710 310 400 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 80 30 55 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 690 310 380 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 185 125 55 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 120 60 55 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 55 10 50 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 200 80 120 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 110 60 50 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 235 135 100 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,025 410 615 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 75 40 35 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 190 100 90 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 55 20 30 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 245 110 140 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,055 510 540 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 45 20 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,980 905 1,080 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 495 245 250 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 95 40 50 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 10 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 115 70 45 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 20 10 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 140 55 90 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 0 15 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 85 55 30 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 195 90 105 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 35 20 25 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 880 400 480
Romania 10