Census Profile, 2016 Census
Cambridge, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cambridge, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Cambridge, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Cambridge, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 129,920 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 126,748 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,388 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,239 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,149.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 113.01 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 129,920 63,870 66,050 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 23,825 12,180 11,645 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 7,410 3,850 3,555 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,155 4,145 4,010 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,260 4,175 4,080 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 87,205 43,280 43,925 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,265 4,175 4,085 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,155 4,240 3,915 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 8,115 3,995 4,115 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,570 4,260 4,310 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,480 4,080 4,395 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 9,240 4,505 4,730 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,440 4,685 4,755 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,390 5,185 5,210 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 9,040 4,485 4,560 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,520 3,670 3,850 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 18,895 8,410 10,480 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,320 3,015 3,310 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,440 2,040 2,390 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,230 1,530 1,700 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,415 1,025 1,385 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,495 790 1,700 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,480 530 955 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 780 220 560 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 190 40 150 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 40 0 35 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.1 17.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.1 67.8 66.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.2 15.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.2 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.5 38.5 40.4 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.7 38.8 40.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,240 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 28,135 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,620 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,460 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,675 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 5,645 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,700 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,260 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,235 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 11,015 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 15,515 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,525 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 8,320 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,860 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 127,840 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 106,095 51,685 54,405 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 62,220 31,100 31,120 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 51,730 25,850 25,880 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 10,490 5,250 5,240 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 43,875 20,590 23,285 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 28,195 15,315 12,875 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,690 1,575 2,115 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,280 2,490 3,790 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,710 1,205 4,505 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 37,280 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,180 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,600 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 8,160 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,340 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 37,280 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 30,545 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 25,300 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,245 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,735 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,360 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,375 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,545 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 13,225 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 17,325 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,590 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 7,555 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,175 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,735 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,950 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 2,010 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 770 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,225 8,495 8,730 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,240 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 34,420 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,140 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,280 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,405 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,415 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 11,015 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,400 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 128,600 63,400 65,205 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 119,375 59,500 59,870 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 35 10 20 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,135 3,080 4,055 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,055 800 1,260 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 128,600 63,400 65,200 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 124,640 61,700 62,945 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,515 740 775 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 420 175 240 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,030 785 1,245 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,725 830 890 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 128,600 63,400 65,205 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 126,290 62,265 64,025 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 103,260 51,200 52,065 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 101,675 50,425 51,255 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,580 775 810 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 23,025 11,065 11,965 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,025 11,060 11,955 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 965 485 475 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 60 30 30 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 60 30 30 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 905 455 450 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 45 20 30 1,140 560 585
Arabic 770 395 375 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 15 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 10 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 30 10 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 0 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 800 385 420 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 790 380 410 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 720 280 435 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 45 10 35 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 45 20 25 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 35 15 20 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 565 225 340 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 30 15 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 15 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 355 190 165 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 160 85 75 1,750 905 845
Tamil 135 70 70 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 45 30 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 18,035 8,710 9,325 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 55 25 25 1,090 560 530
Armenian 290 150 140 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,260 1,050 1,205 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 40 15 20 645 280 370
Latvian 15 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 20 10 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,220 1,030 1,190 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 35 15 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 25 10 15 1,725 805 915
Croatian 280 135 140 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 150 70 80 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 100 45 55 250 120 135
Polish 965 455 505 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 190 75 120 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 160 85 80 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 15 1,145 545 600
Slovak 90 40 50 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 545 250 290
Ukrainian 165 75 90 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,490 695 800 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 40 15 20 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 455 205 250 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 15 10 5 80 30 50
German 915 435 480 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 10 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 205 105 100 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 5,420 2,735 2,680 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,440 2,225 2,210 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 65 35 35 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,295 660 635 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 265 135 130 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 20 15 10 535 280 255
Nepali 25 10 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,570 755 815 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 15 5 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,150 595 550 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 970 505 465 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 20 15 10 1,650 875 780
Pashto 710 380 330 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 235 115 125 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 8,325 3,945 4,375 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 5 125 65 55
Italian 770 400 365 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 5,740 2,680 3,060 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 380 170 215 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,425 690 740 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 95 40 55 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 165 80 85 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 70 40 30 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 10 5 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 10 30 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 25 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 30 15 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 915 430 490 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 910 425 480 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 335 165 170 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 0 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 445 205 235 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 30 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 5 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 260 125 135 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 235 120 115 800 405 400
Thai 25 5 20 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 60 35 30 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 50 25 25 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 460 220 245 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 10 20 455 195 260
Finnish 50 15 35 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 380 190 190 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,315 1,135 1,180 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 310 140 170 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,910 950 960 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 40 25 20 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 45 20 25 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 128,600 63,400 65,205 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 123,705 61,005 62,700 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 113,145 55,990 57,155 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 112,760 55,820 56,940 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 385 170 215 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 10,565 5,015 5,545 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,565 5,020 5,545 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 480 240 245 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 35 15 15 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 445 225 225 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 15 5 10 535 250 290
Arabic 400 200 200 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 565 265 305 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 555 255 300 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 245 105 140 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 10 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 20 10 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 200 85 115 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 25 5 15 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 185 95 95 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 100 50 50 885 450 435
Tamil 75 35 40 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 7,980 3,780 4,200 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 25 10 10 530 255 270
Armenian 195 95 95 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 915 435 480 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 5 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 5 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 910 435 475 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 20 15 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 5 0 925 425 495
Croatian 90 40 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 55 25 30 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 65 25 30 120 60 60
Polish 380 180 200 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 90 45 45 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 70 35 40 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 435 205 235
Slovak 30 15 20 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 100 45 55 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 110 50 60 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 10 10 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 35 15 20 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 55 20 35 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 5 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 70 30 35 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,255 1,590 1,665 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 2,685 1,310 1,375 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 25 10 15 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 830 415 415 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 105 55 55 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 5 10 245 125 120
Nepali 15 10 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,015 485 530 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 5 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 670 330 335 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 565 280 285 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 430 215 210 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 130 55 70 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 3,420 1,565 1,850 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 185 85 105 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,435 1,110 1,325 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 155 70 85 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 635 305 330 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 75 35 35 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 120 55 65 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 60 20 40
Sign languages 55 35 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 30 15 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 550 270 280 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 545 265 285 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 200 90 105 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 305 150 155 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 5 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 130 65 65 1,015 435 580
Lao 130 60 65 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 20 10 10 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 20 10 10 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 110 55 60 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 95 50 50 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 4,895 2,390 2,505 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 215 90 125 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,585 2,260 2,330 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 10 5 10 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 80 35 45 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 128,600 63,395 65,205 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 115,095 56,955 58,140 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 4,455 2,215 2,245 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,315 565 750 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 7,535 3,575 3,955 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 10 5 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 7,530 3,580 3,955 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 25 10 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 85 40 45 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 80 30 55 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 104,030 50,965 53,065 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,760 49,005 50,755 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,244 44,194 28,673 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,775 49,010 50,770 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,916 38,893 26,524 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,690 45,325 44,365 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,445 44,371 26,639 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,505 30,410 39,095 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,714 2,433 5,765 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,700 39,935 36,760 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,410 46,713 30,186 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 104,030 50,965 53,065 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,730 49,025 50,710 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,725 53,969 35,789 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,745 49,020 50,720 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,441 44,048 31,054 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,675 45,345 44,325 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,919 53,698 33,914 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,365 30,420 38,945 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,529 6,924 8,002 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,700 39,915 36,785 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,546 54,575 35,749 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 104,030 50,970 53,065 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 40,925 23,380 17,545 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,316 59,883 44,823 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,793 69,538 51,472 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.2 91.9 83.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.7 82.1 71.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.8 8.1 17.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 104,030 50,965 53,070 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,270 1,955 2,310 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 99,765 49,005 50,750 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,780 5,230 7,550 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 16,405 6,155 10,240 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 14,310 5,800 8,515 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 11,980 5,150 6,835 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 10,800 5,195 5,605 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 9,000 5,040 3,960 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,505 4,015 2,500 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 4,635 3,000 1,640 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,575 2,395 1,185 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,025 1,895 1,135 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 6,735 5,140 1,595 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 4,900 3,695 1,205 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,835 1,445 390 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 104,035 50,965 53,065 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,260 1,955 2,300 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 99,775 49,005 50,765 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.7 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,060 5,285 7,775 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 17,270 6,520 10,750 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 16,720 6,865 9,860 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 14,630 6,655 7,970 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 12,735 6,890 5,845 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,785 5,370 3,420 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,675 3,730 1,950 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,310 2,770 1,545 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 6,585 4,935 1,650 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,430 1,730 700 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,385 1,035 350 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,775 2,170 600 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 104,030 50,965 53,070 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 27,335 11,030 16,300 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 76,700 39,935 36,765 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.7 78.4 69.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,660 4,030 4,630 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,620 2,280 3,335 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 9,395 3,900 5,495 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 8,195 3,395 4,795 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 8,675 3,630 5,040 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 8,230 4,115 4,120 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 7,265 4,275 2,990 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,310 3,400 1,915 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,905 2,575 1,330 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 11,450 8,340 3,110 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,140 2,150 985 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,625 1,675 955 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 5,685 4,515 1,175 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,240 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,757 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,074 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,015 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,717 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,004 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 37,220 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,590 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,390 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,235 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,469 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,417 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,035 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,941 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,891 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 37,205 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,563 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,138 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,240 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 425 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 370 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,015 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,360 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,850 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,590 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,825 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,925 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,890 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,920 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,750 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,500 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,460 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,175 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,020 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,170 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,075 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,075 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,295 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,730 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,240 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 455 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 395 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,030 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,405 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,105 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,760 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,195 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,245 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,340 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,330 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,475 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,205 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,010 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,635 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,190 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,460 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,635 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,190 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,640 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 36,235 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,156 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,982 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,745 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,502 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,461 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,465 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,183 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,399 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,080 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,360 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,283 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 36,285 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,268 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,812 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,835 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,994 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,681 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,470 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,829 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,948 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,050 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,203 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,645 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,515 7,415 7,095 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,410 40,192 29,382 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,038 35,211 27,220 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,375 7,345 7,035 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,062 46,308 37,629 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,615 38,233 32,882 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 127,840 63,140 64,700 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 59,585 28,305 31,275 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 9,070 4,215 4,855 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 11,080 4,910 6,175 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 12,335 5,795 6,535 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 13,235 6,390 6,850 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 13,860 7,000 6,855 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 68,250 34,830 33,420 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 14,785 7,440 7,345 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 14,680 7,520 7,160 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 14,940 7,480 7,460 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 13,950 7,230 6,720 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 9,905 5,170 4,735 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 127,840 63,140 64,700 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 28,755 14,615 14,135 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,960 4,645 4,315 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 81,855 40,590 41,265 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 17,230 7,925 9,300 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,850 6,155 7,695 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,180 2,130 2,050 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,455 770 685 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,765 3,355 4,415 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,905 675 1,225 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.8 9.7 11.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 16.2 16.6 15.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.5 8.3 10.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.5 13.2 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,260 3,450 3,815 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 2,005 1,020 990 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 670 350 315 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,925 2,275 2,650 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 330 150 180 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.5 5.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.0 7.0 7.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.5 7.5 7.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0 5.6 6.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.9 1.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 127,835 63,140 64,700 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 125,740 62,335 63,400 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 125,715 62,325 63,390 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,075 3,060 4,015 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 27,985 13,495 14,485 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 10 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,980 13,495 14,480 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,410 710 700 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 30 10 15 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 10 0 190 110 80
Somali 20 10 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,385 695 690 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 50 20 25 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,220 605 620 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 30 15 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 45 25 20 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 50 30 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 10 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,055 535 525 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,050 525 520 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 810 280 535 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 20 0 15 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 20 10 15 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 35 10 25 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 15 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 760 260 495 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 85 25 50 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 45 15 35 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 570 310 255 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 35 15 15 445 210 235
Malayalam 170 90 80 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 270 145 130 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 125 80 40 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 15 15 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 22,005 10,665 11,340 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 20 15 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 375 195 180 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,560 1,205 1,355 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 35 20 15 635 310 325
Latvian 20 10 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 10 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,540 1,190 1,345 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 10 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 40 20 15 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 20 15 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 320 140 180 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 230 110 120 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 160 65 95 345 180 160
Polish 1,115 570 545 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 285 125 165 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 205 110 100 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 100 60 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 25 725 330 400
Ukrainian 180 65 115 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 250 120 125
Celtic languages 35 15 15 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,865 825 1,045 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 55 30 30 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 40 20 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 505 215 290 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 15 10 0 120 55 65
German 1,255 560 695 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 25 20 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 265 135 135 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 6,240 3,190 3,050 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 5,620 2,875 2,745 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 90 45 45 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,315 705 610 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,260 645 620 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 20 15 0 375 185 190
Marathi 50 20 30 1,275 650 625
Nepali 15 10 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,230 1,075 1,155 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 25 15 10 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,175 1,125 1,045 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 965 475 485 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 30 15 15 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 705 360 350 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 295 125 165 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 10,855 5,190 5,665 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,085 550 540 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 7,125 3,445 3,680 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 500 220 285 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,345 1,080 1,265 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 115 60 55 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 180 75 100 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 140 65 70 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 20 15 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 10 10 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 50 15 35 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 30 20 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 25 35 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 250 120 135
Sign languages 190 75 115 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 155 70 90 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,110 530 580 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,110 530 580 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 560 260 295 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 0 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 570 255 320 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 25 20 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 275 120 155 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 260 120 145 1,125 505 620
Thai 40 10 35 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 80 40 40 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 0 10 835 455 385
Turkish 65 35 30 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 575 295 280 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 50 20 30 495 205 295
Finnish 50 25 20 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 480 250 230 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 127,840 63,140 64,700 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 122,710 60,670 62,040 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,305 14,330 13,975 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,410 46,335 48,070 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,125 2,470 2,660 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 127,835 63,135 64,700 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 101,075 50,100 50,975 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,090 12,705 13,390 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 11,115 5,460 5,655 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,895 1,915 1,980 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,235 2,005 2,225 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 4,945 2,415 2,530 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,520 1,275 1,250 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,425 1,135 1,285 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,900 905 985 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 670 335 340 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,090 12,700 13,385 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,150 1,705 1,445 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 5,305 2,730 2,580 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 6,320 2,745 3,575 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 9,690 4,835 4,855 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,630 690 940 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,090 12,705 13,390 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,670 1,645 2,025 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 115 50 65 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 240 110 135 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 420 195 225 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 590 270 325 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 480 240 240 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 155 80 75 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 30 10 25 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 195 70 130 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 640 230 415 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 780 390 390 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 13,095 6,465 6,635 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 35 25 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 160 65 90 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 40 25 20 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 565 250 315 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 115 65 55 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 210 115 95 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 45 50 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 425 215 210 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 445 225 220 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 730 370 360 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 4,620 2,215 2,410 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 430 180 250 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 110 50 60 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 210 130 85 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 60 30 35 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,005 2,080 1,925 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 815 365 455 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 860 475 385 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 185 105 80 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 65 40 25 1,665 835 825
Kenya 45 15 30 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 15 15 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 60 30 25 1,205 630 575
Somalia 15 0 15 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 165 80 85 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 310 190 125 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,390 4,075 4,315 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 145 55 85 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 50 25 25 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 465 175 285 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 155 85 70 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,460 1,240 1,220 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 105 70 40 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 335 160 180 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 20 10 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 125 65 60 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 225 105 120 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,495 770 725 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 830 330 500 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 215 110 105 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 190 100 85 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 15 10 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 770 370 405 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 790 395 395 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 75 50 25 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,895 910 985 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 285 120 165 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 10 10 960 445 520
Colombia 40 15 25 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 30 15 20 160 115 45
Mexico 15 0 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 100 35 60 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 90 45 45 1,855 875 975
Europe 250 135 115 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 25 0 2