Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Waterloo, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Waterloo, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Data quality , Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Waterloo, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 233,222 ... ... 535,154 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 219,153 ... ... 507,096 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.4 ... ... 5.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 95,495 ... ... 214,299 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 92,217 ... ... 203,832 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,705.2 ... ... 390.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 136.77 ... ... 1,368.92 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 233,220 114,715 118,505 535,155 264,265 270,890
0 to 14 years 40,870 20,860 20,010 95,380 48,785 46,595
0 to 4 years 13,710 6,985 6,725 30,395 15,560 14,840
5 to 9 years 14,020 7,165 6,855 32,725 16,780 15,940
10 to 14 years 13,140 6,715 6,430 32,260 16,445 15,820
15 to 64 years 159,960 79,460 80,505 362,585 180,580 182,010
15 to 19 years 13,370 6,825 6,545 33,610 17,205 16,405
20 to 24 years 16,125 8,270 7,855 39,735 20,710 19,020
25 to 29 years 18,560 9,200 9,365 37,480 18,920 18,565
30 to 34 years 17,970 8,905 9,060 36,605 18,130 18,470
35 to 39 years 16,375 8,160 8,215 35,105 17,270 17,840
40 to 44 years 15,565 7,690 7,875 35,770 17,560 18,205
45 to 49 years 15,980 7,940 8,045 37,370 18,405 18,965
50 to 54 years 17,230 8,515 8,710 40,190 19,835 20,360
55 to 59 years 15,685 7,710 7,975 36,330 17,895 18,440
60 to 64 years 13,100 6,250 6,850 30,380 14,650 15,730
65 years and over 32,385 14,395 17,990 77,190 34,905 42,285
65 to 69 years 10,650 5,070 5,575 25,425 12,170 13,255
70 to 74 years 7,585 3,485 4,100 18,230 8,500 9,725
75 to 79 years 5,760 2,640 3,120 13,405 6,245 7,160
80 to 84 years 4,130 1,735 2,390 9,885 4,270 5,615
85 years and over 4,265 1,465 2,805 10,240 3,715 6,525
85 to 89 years 2,780 1,025 1,750 6,520 2,460 4,060
90 to 94 years 1,170 375 800 3,030 1,110 1,920
95 to 99 years 285 55 230 600 140 470
100 years and over 30 5 30 90 10 75
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.2 16.9 17.8 18.5 17.2
15 to 64 years 68.6 69.3 67.9 67.8 68.3 67.2
65 years and over 13.9 12.5 15.2 14.4 13.2 15.6
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.4 1.9 1.4 2.4
Average age of the population 39.0 38.0 39.9 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 37.9 36.9 38.9 38.5 37.4 39.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 92,220 ... ... 203,830 ... ...
Single-detached house 44,815 ... ... 113,470 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,380 ... ... 21,970 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 34,015 ... ... 68,185 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,390 ... ... 12,930 ... ...
Row house 11,190 ... ... 22,640 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,010 ... ... 5,960 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,350 ... ... 26,355 ... ...
Other single-attached house 70 ... ... 300 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 15 ... ... 210 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 92,215 ... ... 203,830 ... ...
1 person 24,980 ... ... 49,760 ... ...
2 persons 30,555 ... ... 67,725 ... ...
3 persons 15,035 ... ... 33,720 ... ...
4 persons 13,690 ... ... 33,205 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,955 ... ... 19,425 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 230,000 ... ... 527,340 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 192,350 93,855 98,495 439,775 215,480 224,290
Married or living common law 109,195 54,505 54,695 256,625 128,175 128,455
Married 90,560 45,205 45,355 218,270 109,030 109,240
Living common law 18,635 9,300 9,340 38,355 19,140 19,215
Not married and not living common law 83,155 39,350 43,800 183,145 87,310 95,835
Never married 55,065 30,085 24,985 123,785 67,615 56,175
Separated 6,355 2,625 3,725 13,175 5,610 7,560
Divorced 12,265 4,780 7,490 24,355 9,465 14,890
Widowed 9,465 1,870 7,600 21,825 4,620 17,205
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 65,135 ... ... 149,835 ... ...
2 persons 31,585 ... ... 70,605 ... ...
3 persons 14,725 ... ... 33,015 ... ...
4 persons 13,115 ... ... 32,135 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,710 ... ... 14,080 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 65,140 ... ... 149,835 ... ...
Total couple families 53,450 ... ... 125,840 ... ...
Married couples 44,130 ... ... 106,675 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,315 ... ... 19,165 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 11,690 ... ... 23,995 ... ...
Female parent 9,415 ... ... 19,120 ... ...
Male parent 2,275 ... ... 4,875 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 53,450 ... ... 125,845 ... ...
Couples without children 24,665 ... ... 56,530 ... ...
Couples with children 28,780 ... ... 69,310 ... ...
1 child 11,285 ... ... 25,775 ... ...
2 children 12,165 ... ... 30,125 ... ...
3 or more children 5,335 ... ... 13,405 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,690 ... ... 23,990 ... ...
1 child 6,915 ... ... 14,070 ... ...
2 children 3,445 ... ... 7,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,325 ... ... 2,685 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 39,520 19,785 19,735 82,225 41,075 41,150
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 92,220 ... ... 203,835 ... ...
One-census-family households 61,260 ... ... 140,800 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 23,140 ... ... 52,890 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 38,120 ... ... 87,915 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,895 ... ... 4,435 ... ...
Non-census-family households 29,065 ... ... 58,600 ... ...
One-person households 24,980 ... ... 49,755 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,085 ... ... 8,845 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 230,645 113,730 116,915 529,420 262,020 267,400
English only 210,895 105,235 105,660 485,285 243,135 242,150
French only 130 45 85 215 80 135
English and French 14,895 6,525 8,370 34,620 14,965 19,650
Neither English nor French 4,725 1,930 2,800 9,305 3,845 5,460
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 230,645 113,735 116,915 529,420 262,020 267,400
English 221,885 109,870 112,020 511,840 254,250 257,590
French 2,740 1,275 1,460 5,830 2,745 3,085
English and French 1,375 685 685 2,605 1,250 1,355
Neither English nor French 4,650 1,895 2,755 9,140 3,770 5,370
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,420 1,620 1,805 7,135 3,370 3,765
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 230,650 113,735 116,915 529,420 262,020 267,400
Single responses 225,530 111,215 114,315 519,345 257,075 262,275
Official languages 164,930 81,810 83,120 395,355 196,510 198,845
English 162,160 80,495 81,660 389,415 193,685 195,725
French 2,775 1,315 1,465 5,940 2,825 3,115
Non-official languages 60,595 29,405 31,190 123,990 60,560 63,430
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 35 15 20
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 15 5 15
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 10 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 5 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 10 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 0 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,580 29,395 31,180 123,960 60,550 63,410
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,645 3,325 3,320 9,925 5,035 4,895
Berber languages 5 0 5 20 10 10
Kabyle 5 5 5 20 10 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 980 465 515 1,210 580 630
Bilen 100 50 45 100 55 45
Oromo 75 40 40 85 40 40
Somali 770 355 415 990 465 525
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 40 20 20
Semitic languages 5,655 2,850 2,800 8,685 4,430 4,255
Amharic 660 320 340 795 385 420
Arabic 3,890 1,995 1,890 6,560 3,405 3,150
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215 110 105 285 145 135
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 10 15 35 15 20
Harari 15 5 5 15 5 5
Hebrew 50 30 25 110 60 50
Maltese 20 15 10 65 30 35
Tigrigna 735 355 380 780 370 410
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 40 20 25
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,545 1,235 1,310 3,960 1,910 2,050
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 100 120 270 125 145
Vietnamese 2,325 1,130 1,190 3,690 1,780 1,905
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 0 0 5
Austronesian languages 1,040 365 680 2,215 795 1,420
Bikol 5 0 5 10 5 5
Cebuano 60 20 40 105 30 75
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 10 15 45 15 30
Ilocano 50 15 35 120 45 75
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 70 30 45 170 65 100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5 10 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 800 275 525 1,710 610 1,095
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 35 15 20
Creole languages 95 50 45 155 80 75
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 45 25 25 80 40 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 70 40 30
Dravidian languages 855 450 400 1,775 950 820
Kannada 45 25 15 85 50 35
Malayalam 330 165 160 620 325 300
Tamil 320 170 145 735 395 340
Telugu 155 80 70 320 180 140
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 375 185 190 485 230 250
Indo-European languages 41,200 20,070 21,135 84,715 41,490 43,220
Albanian 840 440 405 990 515 475
Armenian 170 80 90 650 320 325
Balto-Slavic languages 11,800 5,705 6,095 18,400 8,850 9,555
Baltic languages 80 45 35 165 85 85
Latvian 45 25 20 80 45 40
Lithuanian 40 20 20 85 40 50
Slavic languages 11,715 5,655 6,060 18,235 8,760 9,470
Belarusan 10 5 5 15 5 10
Bosnian 440 225 220 530 270 260
Bulgarian 55 25 30 145 75 75
Croatian 1,455 735 715 2,090 1,060 1,035
Czech 395 185 205 740 350 390
Macedonian 110 55 55 255 120 135
Polish 2,965 1,370 1,595 5,270 2,465 2,805
Russian 825 380 445 1,775 815 960
Serbian 4,010 2,015 1,995 5,065 2,540 2,525
Serbo-Croatian 375 175 200 515 240 275
Slovak 325 140 185 575 255 320
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 85 95 255 130 125
Ukrainian 405 165 240 785 330 455
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 215 105 105
Celtic languages 15 10 0 25 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 5
Welsh 10 5 5 15 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages 5,340 2,410 2,925 18,005 8,620 9,385
Afrikaans 30 20 10 110 60 55
Danish 70 30 40 180 85 95
Dutch 595 275 325 2,095 970 1,120
Frisian 5 5 0 35 15 15
German 4,570 2,050 2,520 15,400 7,390 8,010
Icelandic 5 0 0 5 5 0
Norwegian 10 5 5 30 15 15
Swedish 20 10 10 70 35 35
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 65 30 35
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Greek 715 355 360 1,330 660 675
Indo-Iranian languages 9,055 4,665 4,390 19,605 10,130 9,480
Indo-Aryan languages 6,145 3,185 2,955 14,205 7,325 6,880
Bengali 470 255 215 915 495 420
Gujarati 1,065 555 515 2,775 1,430 1,350
Hindi 700 375 325 1,565 855 710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 15 10 10 45 25 20
Marathi 60 30 25 155 75 80
Nepali 170 95 80 255 135 120
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 25 5 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,220 1,165 1,055 4,745 2,400 2,345
Sindhi 145 65 80 235 110 130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 45 255 130 125
Urdu 1,190 595 595 3,240 1,665 1,575
Iranian languages 2,755 1,400 1,360 5,195 2,700 2,495
Kurdish 515 280 240 640 350 285
Pashto 165 90 80 1,020 535 480
Persian (Farsi) 2,075 1,030 1,040 3,535 1,815 1,725
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 155 75 80 210 105 110
Italic (Romance) languages 13,270 6,405 6,865 25,705 12,385 13,320
Catalan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Italian 655 350 305 1,910 1,005 905
Portuguese 3,050 1,480 1,570 9,775 4,670 5,110
Romanian 4,050 1,975 2,080 5,560 2,690 2,865
Spanish 5,505 2,595 2,910 8,435 4,005 4,430
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Japanese 160 50 110 425 165 265
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 5 0 5
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 790 360 425 2,090 1,005 1,085
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 425 180 245 660 310 355
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 65 40 30
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 5 10 5 10
Ewe 5 5 0 20 15 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 5 5 5 0
Ganda 10 0 5 10 5 10
Igbo 15 10 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 0 5 0 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 15 5 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 35 15 20
Shona 55 25 35 90 40 50
Swahili 100 35 60 140 60 75
Wolof 5 0 5 10 5 5
Yoruba 45 25 20 80 45 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 40 65 135 50 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 205 105 100 285 140 150
Dinka 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100 285 135 150
Sign languages 55 25 30 120 65 60
American Sign Language 35 10 20 70 30 40
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 50 30 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,935 1,915 2,015 13,055 6,420 6,640
Chinese languages 3,585 1,730 1,855 12,685 6,220 6,460
Cantonese 830 375 455 2,205 1,075 1,125
Hakka 55 25 30 75 35 40
Mandarin 2,315 1,135 1,185 9,400 4,600 4,800
Min Dong 5 0 5 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 55 35 245 125 115
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 105 45 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 250 120 130 640 330 305
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 350 190 165 375 200 175
Burmese 130 70 60 140 75 65
Karenic languages 110 60 55 125 65 60
Tibetan 10 5 5 10 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 105 60 45
Tai-Kadai languages 705 320 385 1,150 515 635
Lao 645 305 340 1,025 485 540
Thai 55 15 40 125 40 85
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 535 260 275 915 460 450
Azerbaijani 25 15 5 65 40 30
Turkish 475 235 240 785 400 385
Uyghur 5 0 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 10 5 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 30 10 15
Uralic languages 975 480 500 1,955 950 1,005
Estonian 30 15 15 100 45 50
Finnish 55 25 20 150 70 75
Hungarian 890 435 455 1,710 830 875
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 30 25
Multiple responses 5,115 2,515 2,600 10,080 4,950 5,125
English and French 605 290 320 1,250 600 655
English and non-official language 4,270 2,120 2,155 8,360 4,135 4,230
French and non-official language 115 50 65 230 115 120
English, French and non-official language 120 60 65 230 105 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 230,645 113,735 116,915 529,425 262,020 267,400
Single responses 218,065 107,570 110,495 506,015 250,550 255,465
Official languages 186,340 92,195 94,150 441,795 219,315 222,480
English 185,525 91,810 93,715 440,135 218,555 221,575
French 815 385 430 1,660 755 900
Non-official languages 31,725 15,380 16,350 64,220 31,235 32,990
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5 0 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,720 15,375 16,345 64,210 31,230 32,985
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,540 2,205 2,330 6,380 3,125 3,250
Berber languages 5 5 0 10 10 5
Kabyle 5 5 5 10 10 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 680 305 370 800 360 440
Bilen 85 45 45 85 40 45
Oromo 50 20 30 50 20 30
Somali 530 240 295 655 295 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 3,850 1,890 1,955 5,565 2,760 2,805
Amharic 450 215 240 530 245 285
Arabic 2,695 1,350 1,345 4,235 2,135 2,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 65 175 90 90
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 25 15 15
Harari 10 5 5 5 0 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 55 25 30
Maltese 0 0 5 5 5 5
Tigrigna 490 230 265 510 235 270
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 25 10 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,620 790 830 2,515 1,205 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 60 135 60 75
Vietnamese 1,510 740 770 2,380 1,145 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 360 155 200 780 335 445
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 15 5 10 20 10 15
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 25 10 15
Ilocano 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 35 15 20 60 30 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 125 165 645 275 365
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Creole languages 60 25 30 85 35 45
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 15 20 50 20 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 30 20 15
Dravidian languages 500 265 230 920 485 430
Kannada 20 10 5 35 20 15
Malayalam 195 100 95 360 185 170
Tamil 180 95 80 360 190 170
Telugu 100 50 45 160 85 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 150 70 85 190 85 100
Indo-European languages 19,940 9,660 10,285 40,615 19,720 20,895
Albanian 495 255 235 540 280 260
Armenian 85 35 45 415 200 210
Balto-Slavic languages 6,010 2,920 3,095 8,810 4,265 4,540
Baltic languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Latvian 5 0 5 5 0 5
Lithuanian 5 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 6,010 2,915 3,090 8,795 4,265 4,535
Belarusan 0 5 5 5 5 0
Bosnian 220 110 105 260 140 125
Bulgarian 30 15 15 65 35 30
Croatian 650 315 335 865 425 445
Czech 130 65 65 235 115 120
Macedonian 45 20 25 130 55 70
Polish 1,265 605 665 2,160 1,040 1,125
Russian 470 230 240 990 475 515
Serbian 2,635 1,305 1,335 3,230 1,590 1,645
Serbo-Croatian 175 85 90 230 105 120
Slovak 125 60 70 200 90 105
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 50 20 30
Ukrainian 115 40 75 275 115 155
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 100 55 45
Celtic languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 720 310 415 6,700 3,255 3,440
Afrikaans 10 5 5 30 15 20
Danish 5 5 5 10 5 5
Dutch 50 20 25 420 200 215
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 650 270 385 6,170 2,995 3,170
Icelandic 5 5 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 5 0 0 10 10 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 55 25 25
Greek 290 130 160 470 210 260
Indo-Iranian languages 5,675 2,825 2,855 11,915 5,945 5,975
Indo-Aryan languages 3,725 1,880 1,840 8,365 4,180 4,185
Bengali 290 150 145 535 270 260
Gujarati 610 305 305 1,670 825 850
Hindi 405 210 190 755 390 365
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 5 15 10 5
Marathi 20 15 10 70 30 35
Nepali 120 60 55 155 80 75
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,490 770 725 3,110 1,560 1,555
Sindhi 80 35 40 110 50 60
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 20 125 60 60
Urdu 650 315 340 1,810 895 910
Iranian languages 1,870 910 970 3,445 1,715 1,730
Kurdish 275 140 135 340 170 165
Pashto 100 45 55 615 305 310
Persian (Farsi) 1,505 725 780 2,490 1,240 1,250
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 110 50 60
Italic (Romance) languages 6,660 3,180 3,480 11,755 5,555 6,200
Catalan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Italian 105 50 55 360 165 195
Portuguese 1,280 605 670 4,045 1,880 2,165
Romanian 2,060 1,000 1,065 2,715 1,315 1,400
Spanish 3,220 1,525 1,695 4,615 2,190 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 70 25 45 245 110 130
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 590 275 315 1,500 700 800
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 115 45 75 170 65 105
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 15 5 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 0 0
Igbo 5 5 0 10 5 10
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 5 0 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 5 0 5
Shona 20 5 15 25 10 15
Swahili 45 15 25 55 25 35
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5 10 5 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 30 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 55 45 120 55 60
Dinka 0 5 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 115 60 60
Sign languages 75 40 35 170 95 80
American Sign Language 45 20 20 80 40 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 90 50 40
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,705 1,330 1,370 8,980 4,455 4,525
Chinese languages 2,390 1,175 1,215 8,645 4,285 4,365
Cantonese 430 205 220 1,170 570 595
Hakka 35 20 20 35 20 20
Mandarin 1,695 835 855 6,890 3,405 3,480
Min Dong 0 0 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 70 30 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 65 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 85 95 420 220 205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 160 150 330 170 160
Burmese 135 70 60 140 70 60
Karenic languages 105 55 55 120 60 60
Tibetan 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 75 35 35
Tai-Kadai languages 340 160 180 560 260 295
Lao 320 155 160 510 245 270
Thai 20 10 15 45 15 30
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 275 135 140 430 215 210
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 15 5 10
Turkish 250 125 125 390 195 190
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 5 5 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 10 10
Uralic languages 280 135 150 525 255 275
Estonian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Finnish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hungarian 280 135 145 510 255 255
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 20 10 10
Multiple responses 12,580 6,160 6,420 23,410 11,475 11,935
English and French 305 140 165 680 310 370
English and non-official language 11,995 5,900 6,100 22,260 10,950 11,305
French and non-official language 35 10 20 60 25 35
English, French and non-official language 240 110 135 410 185 220
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 230,650 113,730 116,915 529,420 262,020 267,400
None 196,480 97,150 99,330 459,610 228,160 231,455
English 14,020 6,960 7,060 28,060 13,960 14,100
French 2,075 900 1,180 4,880 2,065 2,820
Non-official language 17,495 8,450 9,045 35,675 17,270 18,405
Aboriginal 25 10 20 50 15 35
Non-Aboriginal 17,470 8,440 9,025 35,625 17,260 18,365
English and French 105 45 60 190 85 110
English and non-official language 285 140 145 590 305 290
French and non-official language 170 70 95 400 170 225
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 20 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 189,215 92,620 96,595 432,125 212,470 219,660
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,510 89,155 92,355 414,530 204,485 210,045
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,520 41,035 29,228 35,714 43,403 29,634
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,535 89,160 92,375 414,590 204,490 210,095
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,384 36,549 27,056 32,338 38,445 27,299
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 162,815 81,710 81,105 376,435 189,765 186,670
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,799 41,457 27,212 34,853 43,569 27,518
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 128,700 57,240 71,460 289,110 128,850 160,265
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,759 1,449 5,255 3,448 1,317 4,854
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 139,720 72,290 67,425 320,105 166,605 153,495
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,761 42,654 29,878 36,432 44,376 29,886
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 189,215 92,645 96,575 432,125 212,465 219,660
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,600 89,200 92,400 414,825 204,570 210,255
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,651 50,888 36,665 46,906 55,929 38,126
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,605 89,200 92,405 414,870 204,580 210,295
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,797 41,939 31,833 38,984 45,380 32,762
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 162,620 81,605 81,015 376,270 189,665 186,605
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,066 51,164 34,910 46,358 56,078 36,479
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,975 57,475 71,505 289,535 129,285 160,245
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,162 6,338 7,824 6,957 6,229 7,545
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 139,720 72,240 67,480 320,105 166,595 153,510
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,496 50,574 35,919 46,299 54,861 37,008
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 189,215 92,645 96,575 432,125 212,470 219,660
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 71,930 40,690 31,235 165,235 94,440 70,790
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,710 57,218 46,100 54,558 60,518 47,287
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,496 67,082 51,915 64,969 72,967 54,300
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 92.1 83.4 89.7 93.0 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.7 80.5 71.6 76.0 79.7 70.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 7.9 16.6 10.3 7.0 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 189,220 92,620 96,595 432,125 212,465 219,660
Without total income 7,700 3,465 4,240 17,590 7,980 9,615
With total income 181,515 89,155 92,355 414,535 204,490 210,050
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.3 95.6 95.9 96.2 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,380 10,725 13,655 57,700 24,660 33,040
$10,000 to $19,999 30,450 12,105 18,345 66,075 25,965 40,110
$20,000 to $29,999 25,585 10,445 15,135 55,730 22,835 32,900
$30,000 to $39,999 22,640 10,195 12,445 48,005 21,420 26,585
$40,000 to $49,999 20,590 10,005 10,585 43,545 20,985 22,565
$50,000 to $59,999 15,515 8,490 7,025 35,030 18,930 16,105
$60,000 to $69,999 11,410 6,690 4,715 26,505 15,455 11,055
$70,000 to $79,999 8,235 5,105 3,125 19,780 12,115 7,665
$80,000 to $89,999 6,170 3,935 2,240 15,240 9,570 5,665
$90,000 to $99,999 5,125 3,115 2,015 13,475 8,035 5,440
$100,000 and over 11,420 8,355 3,065 33,445 24,515 8,925
$100,000 to $149,999 8,155 5,850 2,305 22,830 16,370 6,460
$150,000 and over 3,260 2,500 755 10,610 8,150 2,465
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 189,215 92,620 96,600 432,125 212,465 219,660
Without after-tax income 7,685 3,460 4,220 17,535 7,970 9,560
With after-tax income 181,535 89,155 92,375 414,590 204,495 210,095
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.3 95.6 95.9 96.2 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,930 10,900 14,030 59,100 25,055 34,045
$10,000 to $19,999 31,940 12,720 19,220 69,340 27,290 42,050
$20,000 to $29,999 29,955 12,435 17,525 64,910 27,010 37,895
$30,000 to $39,999 27,790 13,075 14,715 58,555 27,260 31,290
$40,000 to $49,999 22,830 12,060 10,775 50,155 26,245 23,915
$50,000 to $59,999 15,125 8,735 6,385 35,385 20,455 14,925
$60,000 to $69,999 10,200 6,460 3,735 24,560 15,330 9,230
$70,000 to $79,999 7,350 4,570 2,785 19,080 11,670 7,405
$80,000 and over 11,415 8,205 3,210 33,510 24,170 9,345
$80,000 to $89,999 4,145 2,810 1,340 11,250 7,610 3,640
$90,000 to $99,999 2,335 1,680 655 6,690 4,765 1,925
$100,000 and over 4,935 3,720 1,215 15,575 11,795 3,785
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 189,215 92,620 96,595 432,125 212,465 219,660
Without employment income 49,500 20,330 29,170 112,020 45,860 66,160
With employment income 139,720 72,295 67,425 320,110 166,610 153,500
Percentage with employment income 73.8 78.1 69.8 74.1 78.4 69.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 16,700 7,910 8,790 39,600 18,670 20,930
$5,000 to $9,999 10,605 4,590 6,015 24,955 10,795 14,160
$10,000 to $19,999 18,175 7,855 10,320 40,695 17,685 23,010
$20,000 to $29,999 15,255 6,540 8,710 33,105 14,215 18,890
$30,000 to $39,999 16,035 7,205 8,835 33,740 14,950 18,785
$40,000 to $49,999 15,570 7,860 7,710 32,350 16,045 16,305
$50,000 to $59,999 12,375 7,085 5,290 27,380 15,525 11,860
$60,000 to $69,999 9,010 5,490 3,520 20,695 12,515 8,180
$70,000 to $79,999 6,720 4,330 2,390 15,910 10,035 5,875
$80,000 and over 19,280 13,440 5,840 51,675 36,165 15,510
$80,000 to $89,999 5,405 3,525 1,875 12,950 8,325 4,625
$90,000 to $99,999 4,520 2,790 1,730 11,660 7,085 4,575
$100,000 and over 9,355 7,120 2,235 27,065 20,755 6,305
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 92,215 ... ... 203,830 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,774 ... ... 77,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,481 ... ... 67,887 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,980 ... ... 49,755 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,355 ... ... 38,137 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,423 ... ... 34,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 67,235 ... ... 154,075 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,824 ... ... 93,557 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,244 ... ... 81,406 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 92,220 ... ... 203,830 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,962 ... ... 95,459 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,465 ... ... 79,347 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,000 ... ... 49,830 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,389 ... ... 47,829 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,260 ... ... 39,980 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 67,220 ... ... 154,000 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,051 ... ... 110,871 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,187 ... ... 92,085 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 92,215 ... ... 203,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,305 ... ... 3,100 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,040 ... ... 2,090 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,420 ... ... 4,500 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,115 ... ... 5,955 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,670 ... ... 7,420 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,355 ... ... 6,720 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,785 ... ... 7,515 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,005 ... ... 7,975 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,015 ... ... 8,025 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,135 ... ... 8,030 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,645 ... ... 15,470 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,050 ... ... 14,545 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,630 ... ... 13,935 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,955 ... ... 12,860 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,545 ... ... 12,155 ... ...
$100,000 and over 28,540 ... ... 73,530 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,450 ... ... 24,230 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,830 ... ... 16,845 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,775 ... ... 18,335 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,485 ... ... 14,115 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,215 ... ... 203,830 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,385 ... ... 3,305 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,065 ... ... 2,150 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,455 ... ... 4,590 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,255 ... ... 6,225 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,155 ... ... 8,355 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,840 ... ... 7,565 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,490 ... ... 8,975 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,740 ... ... 9,405 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,880 ... ... 9,625 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,800 ... ... 9,625 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,015 ... ... 18,435 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,215 ... ... 17,250 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,500 ... ... 16,240 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,605 ... ... 14,735 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,385 ... ... 12,610 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,450 ... ... 54,740 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,450 ... ... 23,190 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,160 ... ... 13,695 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,840 ... ... 17,855 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 64,250 ... ... 147,370 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,932 ... ... 94,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,236 ... ... 81,798 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 22,625 ... ... 51,670 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,725 ... ... 83,025 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,922 ... ... 72,444 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 28,960 ... ... 69,740 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,251 ... ... 118,243 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,930 ... ... 100,740 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,815 ... ... 22,080 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,955 ... ... 55,313 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,899 ... ... 50,844 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 64,175 ... ... 147,265 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,495 ... ... 111,962 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,392 ... ... 92,772 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 22,560 ... ... 51,665 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,615 ... ... 101,085 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,223 ... ... 83,356 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 29,020 ... ... 69,835 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,117 ... ... 135,108 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,052 ... ... 111,133 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,725 ... ... 21,965 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,726 ... ... 66,311 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,168 ... ... 57,926 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,305 17,555 16,755 71,415 36,570 34,845
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,653 36,361 31,042 32,554 35,492 30,013
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,483 32,494 28,697 29,752 31,924 27,839
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,415 17,545 16,865 71,535 36,290 35,245
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,073 44,036 37,991 41,507 44,405 38,522
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,939 36,713 33,094 35,103 36,841 33,314
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 230,000 113,425 116,580 527,340 261,145 266,195
In the bottom half of the distribution 116,215 55,565 60,655 241,655 116,150 125,505
In the bottom decile 22,300 10,845 11,455 46,480 22,780 23,705
In the second decile 21,315 9,490 11,825 43,585 19,670 23,915
In the third decile 23,200 10,865 12,335 47,480 22,330 25,145
In the fourth decile 24,425 11,965 12,465 50,600 24,680 25,920
In the fifth decile 24,980 12,395 12,580 53,510 26,695 26,815
In the top half of the distribution 113,785 57,860 55,925 285,685 144,995 140,695
In the sixth decile 25,070 12,615 12,455 56,755 28,460 28,290
In the seventh decile 24,610 12,440 12,175 57,570 29,200 28,370
In the eighth decile 24,520 12,535 11,990 59,620 30,200 29,420
In the ninth decile 22,590 11,560 11,030 59,850 30,535 29,315
In the top decile 16,995 8,715 8,275 51,890 26,600 25,295
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 230,005 113,425 116,580 527,340 261,140 266,200
0 to 17 years 48,585 24,725 23,855 114,545 58,490 56,060
0 to 5 years 16,495 8,440 8,050 36,755 18,860 17,900
18 to 64 years 151,110 74,935 76,175 341,315 169,700 171,620
65 years and over 30,305 13,755 16,550 71,480 32,955 38,520
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 31,450 14,555 16,895 64,020 29,800 34,215
0 to 17 years 8,965 4,470 4,495 17,500 8,905 8,600
0 to 5 years 3,325 1,625 1,700 6,310 3,235 3,075
18 to 64 years 18,790 8,760 10,035 39,040 18,190 20,850
65 years and over 3,690 1,325 2,365 7,475 2,710 4,765
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.7 12.8 14.5 12.1 11.4 12.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.1 18.8 15.3 15.2 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 20.2 19.3 21.1 17.2 17.2 17.2
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.7 13.2 11.4 10.7 12.1
65 years and over (%) 12.2 9.6 14.3 10.5 8.2 12.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 18,560 9,255 9,305 38,395 19,210 19,185
0 to 17 years 4,770 2,425 2,345 8,965 4,600 4,365
0 to 5 years 1,775 880 895 3,140 1,620 1,520
18 to 64 years 13,025 6,510 6,520 27,840 13,930 13,910
65 years and over 770 325 445 1,590 685 910
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.2 8.0 7.3 7.4 7.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.8 9.8 9.8 7.8 7.9 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 10.8 10.4 11.1 8.5 8.6 8.5
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 8.2 8.2 8.1
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.4 2.7 2.2 2.1 2.4
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 230,000 113,420 116,580 527,340 261,145 266,200
Official languages 225,305 111,520 113,785 518,070 257,330 260,740
English 225,155 111,465 113,690 517,865 257,255 260,615
French 15,180 6,585 8,595 34,660 15,045 19,620
Non-official languages 71,890 34,940 36,950 147,265 71,920 75,340
Aboriginal languages 60 30 35 100 35 70
Algonquian languages 55 25 30 85 25 65
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 20 0 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 20 15 65 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ojibway 40 20 20 60 30 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 0 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,825 34,910 36,920 147,160 71,890 75,275
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,005 4,100 3,905 12,315 6,345 5,965
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 1,310 665 645 1,525 790 740
Bilen 160 80 80 160 80 80
Oromo 80 35 40 80 40 40
Somali 980 495 485 1,185 610 575
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 115 65 50
Semitic languages 6,935 3,555 3,385 11,035 5,680 5,355
Amharic 890 450 445 1,130 550 575
Arabic 5,075 2,625 2,445 8,665 4,500 4,170
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 100 90 280 155 125
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 20 20 45 25 20
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 220 145 75 380 230 150
Maltese 45 25 15 110 65 45
Tigrigna 965 420 545 1,040 460 585
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 50 30 25
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 45 30 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,065 1,450 1,615 4,880 2,325 2,555
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 110 145 310 130 180
Vietnamese 2,835 1,355 1,480 4,595 2,205 2,385
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,270 430 845 2,800 955 1,850
Bikol 10 0 10 10 0 0
Cebuano 50 10 45 95 15 80
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 10 15 55 20 45
Ilocano 30 10 25 95 30 65
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 180 90 95 335 150 190
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 20 10 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 10 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,070 335 735 2,380 780 1,605
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 25 15 15
Creole languages 290 145 145 465 240 230
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 10 10 0
Creole, n.o.s. 125 65 60 240 125 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 75 80 235 120 115
Dravidian languages 1,045 510 530 2,395 1,290 1,105
Kannada 90 50 40 205 115 90
Malayalam 290 135 160 675 320 355
Tamil 475 245 230 1,210 675 540
Telugu 220 100 120 470 270 205
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hmong-Mien languages 355 170 190 495 230 260
Indo-European languages 50,140 24,460 25,680 103,290 50,430 52,860
Albanian 900 500 405 1,045 580 465
Armenian 205 95 110 820 395 420
Balto-Slavic languages 13,455 6,530 6,925 21,105 10,130 10,980
Baltic languages 125 65 60 205 105 90
Latvian 85 45 40 130 75 55
Lithuanian 40 25 20 75 35 35
Slavic languages 13,340 6,465 6,870 20,935 10,040 10,895
Belarusan 45 25 20 70 30 45
Bosnian 650 300 345 815 390 420
Bulgarian 65 30 40 160 70 85
Croatian 2,260 1,090 1,170 3,200 1,545 1,655
Czech 430 230 195 940 470 470
Macedonian 130 60 75 345 150 195
Polish 3,335 1,500 1,835 5,875 2,725 3,150
Russian 1,210 535 675 2,585 1,165 1,425
Serbian 4,985 2,585 2,405 6,365 3,260 3,100
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 255 615 290 325
Slovak 420 205 210 765 390 375
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 90 110 315 145 165
Ukrainian 485 195 290 965 385 580
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 250 130 125
Celtic languages 40 25 20 90 50 45
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 45 20 25
Welsh 25 10 15 20 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 25 20 0
Germanic languages 7,340 3,300 4,040 22,140 10,320 11,825
Afrikaans 80 50 30 230 125 105
Danish 95 40 55 250 115 140
Dutch 830 340 495 3,610 1,565 2,045
Frisian 20 0 10 45 30 25
German 6,330 2,860 3,470 19,160 9,055 10,110
Icelandic 10 10 0 10 10 0
Norwegian 50 30 25 80 40 40
Swedish 45 25 25 140 100 40
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 20 10 70 35 35
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 230 120 110
Greek 1,090 570 520 1,810 915 890
Indo-Iranian languages 11,275 5,800 5,475 24,170 12,540 11,630
Indo-Aryan languages 8,315 4,360 3,955 19,030 9,935 9,090
Bengali 505 285 220 1,180 645 535
Gujarati 1,495 740 760 3,370 1,755 1,615
Hindi 3,350 1,785 1,560 6,590 3,475 3,115
Kashmiri 0 0 0 15 10 10
Konkani 45 30 20 70 45 30
Marathi 75 50 25 270 140 130
Nepali 340 185 160 380 210 175
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 15 0 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,060 1,685 1,380 6,785 3,560 3,225
Sindhi 235 105 125 370 175 195
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 85 390 190 205
Urdu 1,800 935 860 5,595 2,905 2,685
Iranian languages 3,085 1,520 1,565 5,620 2,850 2,770
Kurdish 720 365 355 835 420 415
Pashto 190 120 70 1,010 520 485
Persian (Farsi) 2,370 1,145 1,220 4,080 2,065 2,010
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 95 115 325 145 180
Italic (Romance) languages 17,390 8,355 9,030 34,750 16,720 18,030
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Italian 1,185 615 565 3,125 1,620 1,500
Portuguese 3,695 1,815 1,885 12,090 5,910 6,180
Romanian 4,900 2,375 2,520 6,790 3,260 3,530
Spanish 8,125 3,805 4,320 13,710 6,415 7,295
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 30 20 10
Japanese 290 140 145 845 435 415
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Georgian 0 0 10 10 0 10
Korean 860 395 460 2,200 1,065 1,130
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 15 0
Niger-Congo languages 660 320 345 1,115 580 530
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 90 55 35
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 20 10 10 20 10 15
Ewe 10 0 0 0 10 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ganda 30 0 25 25 0 20
Igbo 20 15 10 95 70 25
Lingala 80 45 35 105 60 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 35 10 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 25 45 10 30
Shona 15 0 10 35 20 15
Swahili 230 110 120 380 180 195
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 115 75 45 230 140 90
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 175 85 95
Nilo-Saharan languages 315 140 175 380 170 210
Dinka 10 0 10 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 320 140 175 380 165 215
Sign languages 305 110 195 645 245 405
American Sign Language 205 55 155 455 150 310
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 200 100 105
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,740 2,350 2,390 14,755 7,330 7,425
Chinese languages 4,360 2,150 2,210 14,345 7,125 7,225
Cantonese 1,170 550 615 3,140 1,530 1,610
Hakka 125 55 65 155 65 90
Mandarin 2,990 1,485 1,505 11,100 5,460 5,645
Min Dong 10 0 0 0 10 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 105 95 365 180 190
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 15 150 80 70
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 125 160 785 410 370
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 385 205 185 435 230 210
Burmese 155 75 80 165 80 85
Karenic languages 90 50 40 120 65 60
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 255 130 125 275 135 135
Tai-Kadai languages 660 325 330 1,200 560 640
Lao 595 300 290 1,075 505 565
Thai 95 30 65 190 70 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 915 450 465 1,485 790 690
Azerbaijani 50 30 20 155 100 55
Turkish 790 380 410 1,285 685 595
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 10
Uzbek 30 15 20 45 15 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 55 25 30
Uralic languages 1,165 580 585 2,280 1,125 1,155
Estonian 70 40 30 155 85 70
Finnish 60 35 30 145 65 80
Hungarian 1,035 510 535 1,985 975 1,005
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 140 80 65
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 230,005 113,420 116,580 527,340 261,145 266,195
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 213,855 105,435 108,425 493,440 244,380 249,065
Canadian citizens aged under 18 46,110 23,515 22,590 110,160 56,240 53,920
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 167,750 81,915 85,835 383,285 188,135 195,140
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,145 7,990 8,155 33,900 16,765 17,135
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 230,000 113,420 116,580 527,340 261,140 266,200
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 166,040 82,300 83,740 398,665 198,220 200,440
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 60,425 29,150 31,275 119,335 57,895 61,440
Before 1981 15,460 7,380 8,085 36,165 17,470 18,695
1981 to 1990 8,160 4,060 4,110 15,810 7,775 8,035
1991 to 2000 13,220 6,525 6,695 23,890 11,700 12,190
2001 to 2010 15,665 7,325 8,340 29,425 14,135 15,295
2001 to 2005 7,725 3,550 4,180 14,700 7,070 7,630
2006 to 2010 7,945 3,775 4,165 14,725 7,065 7,660
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,910 3,865 4,045 14,045 6,815 7,230
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,535 1,965 1,565 9,340 5,030 4,315
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 60,430 29,150 31,275 119,335 57,895 61,440
Under 5 years 6,765 3,455 3,315 13,865 7,020 6,845
5 to 14 years 11,700 5,920 5,780 24,050 12,540 11,510
15 to 24 years 13,075 5,820 7,250 25,715 11,520 14,195
25 to 44 years 24,485 12,020 12,470 47,410 23,105 24,305
45 years and over 4,400 1,945 2,460 8,295 3,710 4,585
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 60,425 29,155 31,275 119,335 57,895 61,440
Americas 9,560 4,370 5,190 17,720 8,140 9,580
Brazil 235 85 145 495 220 275
Colombia 1,195 550 645 1,655 750 905
El Salvador 1,315 600 720 1,955 915 1,045
Guyana 1,215 555 660 2,310 1,050 1,255
Haiti 30 20 10 35 20 15
Jamaica 1,130 545 580 1,920 960 965
Mexico 440 185 255 1,190 570 620
Peru 90 45 40 185 90 95
Trinidad and Tobago 310 160 155 685 305 375
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,700 690 1,010 3,925 1,605 2,320
Other places of birth in Americas 1,905 935 975 3,360 1,655 1,705
Europe 26,085 12,595 13,490 51,780 25,125 26,660
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,650 1,365 1,280 3,155 1,635 1,525
Croatia 1,535 765 770 2,105 1,040 1,060
France 165 80 90 345 180 170
Germany 2,460 1,150 1,305 4,735 2,200 2,535
Greece 325 145 185 580 270 315
Hungary 420 195 230 830 405 430
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 175 85 90 430 210 220
Italy 415 260 160 1,145 655 490
Netherlands 645 285 360 1,750 830 920
Poland 2,490 1,120 1,365 4,285 1,990 2,295
Portugal 2,015 970 1,045 7,160 3,450 3,710
Romania 3,655 1,760 1,900 5,145 2,440 2,705
Russian Federation 305 150 155 780 350 430
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,825 925 905 2,530 1,270 1,255
Ukraine 385 170 220 745 335 410
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,075 1,880 2,190 11,355 5,560 5,800
Other places of birth in Europe 2,540 1,300 1,240 4,700 2,310 2,390
Africa 4,695 2,300 2,395 7,250 3,645 3,610
Algeria 15 10 10 60 30 25
Egypt 515 270 250 1,185 625 560
Ethiopia 775 395 380 960 480 475
Kenya 245 130 110 425 205 220
Morocco 10 0 0 50 25 25
Nigeria 150 100 45 310 185 120
Somalia 615 285 335 715 335 385
South Africa, Republic of 165 75 85 510 250 255
Other places of birth in Africa 2,205 1,040 1,170 3,045 1,510 1,535
Asia 19,995 9,830 10,165 42,230 20,810 21,430
Afghanistan 985 440 540 1,285 585 705
Bangladesh 355 195 165 700 365 330
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,015 960 1,055 6,395 3,030 3,370
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 235 135 105 785 445 340
India 3,830 1,925 1,905 8,585 4,405 4,185
IranCensus data footnote 61 700 390 310 1,580 855 720
Iraq 1,270 670 595 1,950 1,010 945
Japan 45 10 35 150 40 105
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 480 250 235 1,460 770 695
Lebanon 275 150 130 645 330 310
Pakistan 1,290 675 610 3,800 1,980 1,820
Philippines 1,140 420 720 2,465 910 1,550
Sri Lanka 350 170 185 910 450 460
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,070 550 520 1,660 850 810
Taiwan 120 60 55 460 235 230
Viet Nam 2,070 965 1,105 3,355 1,565 1,785
Other places of birth in Asia 3,775 1,875 1,900 6,045 2,985 3,060
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 45 35 350 180 170
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,915 3,870 4,050 14,045 6,815 7,230
Americas 975 450 525 1,790 830 965
Brazil 30 20 15 55 25 25
Colombia 185 70 115 270 100 170
Cuba 85 35 45 90 30 50
Haiti 20 10 10 15 10 10
Jamaica 75 60 20 165 100 65
Mexico 65 15 45 175 85 90
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 250 100 150 565 230 335
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 15 20 40 15 20
Other places of birth in Americas 235 125 110 415 225 190
Europe 970 480 495 1,725 830 900
France 25 15 10 35 25 15
Germany 45 30 15 125 60 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 60 35 25
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20 30 10 20
Romania 210 95 125 265 105 155