Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 233,222 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 219,153 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 95,495 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 92,217 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,705.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 136.77 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 233,220 114,715 118,505 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 40,870 20,860 20,010 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 13,710 6,985 6,725 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 14,020 7,165 6,855 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 13,140 6,715 6,430 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 159,960 79,460 80,505 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 13,370 6,825 6,545 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 16,125 8,270 7,855 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 18,560 9,200 9,365 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 17,970 8,905 9,060 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 16,375 8,160 8,215 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 15,565 7,690 7,875 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 15,980 7,940 8,045 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 17,230 8,515 8,710 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 15,685 7,710 7,975 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 13,100 6,250 6,850 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 32,385 14,395 17,990 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 10,650 5,070 5,575 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 7,585 3,485 4,100 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 5,760 2,640 3,120 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,130 1,735 2,390 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 4,265 1,465 2,805 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,780 1,025 1,750 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,170 375 800 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 285 55 230 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 30 5 30 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.2 16.9 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.6 69.3 67.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.9 12.5 15.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.0 38.0 39.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.9 36.9 38.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 92,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 44,815 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,380 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 34,015 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,390 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 11,190 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,010 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,350 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 70 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 15 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 92,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 24,980 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 30,555 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 15,035 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 13,690 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,955 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 230,000 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 192,350 93,855 98,495 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 109,195 54,505 54,695 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 90,560 45,205 45,355 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 18,635 9,300 9,340 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 83,155 39,350 43,800 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 55,065 30,085 24,985 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 6,355 2,625 3,725 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 12,265 4,780 7,490 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 9,465 1,870 7,600 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 65,135 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 31,585 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 14,725 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 13,115 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,710 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 65,140 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 53,450 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 44,130 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,315 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 11,690 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 9,415 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 2,275 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 53,450 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 24,665 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 28,780 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 11,285 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 12,165 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 5,335 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,690 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 6,915 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,445 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,325 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 39,520 19,785 19,735 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 92,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 61,260 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 23,140 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 38,120 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,895 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 29,065 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 24,980 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,085 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 230,645 113,730 116,915 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 210,895 105,235 105,660 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 130 45 85 1,110 530 580
English and French 14,895 6,525 8,370 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 4,725 1,930 2,800 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 230,645 113,735 116,915 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 221,885 109,870 112,020 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,740 1,275 1,460 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,375 685 685 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 4,650 1,895 2,755 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,420 1,620 1,805 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 230,650 113,735 116,915 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 225,530 111,215 114,315 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 164,930 81,810 83,120 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 162,160 80,495 81,660 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,775 1,315 1,465 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 60,595 29,405 31,190 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,580 29,395 31,180 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,645 3,325 3,320 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 980 465 515 1,355 675 680
Bilen 100 50 45 5 0 0
Oromo 75 40 40 165 95 75
Somali 770 355 415 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 10 5 5
Semitic languages 5,655 2,850 2,800 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 660 320 340 1,140 560 585
Arabic 3,890 1,995 1,890 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215 110 105 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 10 15 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 50 30 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 20 15 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 735 355 380 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,545 1,235 1,310 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 100 120 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 2,325 1,130 1,190 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,040 365 680 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 60 20 40 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 20 10 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 50 15 35 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 70 30 45 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 800 275 525 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 95 50 45 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 25 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 855 450 400 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 45 25 15 225 115 110
Malayalam 330 165 160 1,750 905 845
Tamil 320 170 145 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 155 80 70 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 375 185 190 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 41,200 20,070 21,135 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 840 440 405 1,090 560 530
Armenian 170 80 90 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,800 5,705 6,095 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 80 45 35 645 280 370
Latvian 45 25 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 40 20 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 11,715 5,655 6,060 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 440 225 220 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 55 25 30 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,455 735 715 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 395 185 205 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 110 55 55 250 120 135
Polish 2,965 1,370 1,595 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 825 380 445 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 4,010 2,015 1,995 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 375 175 200 1,145 545 600
Slovak 325 140 185 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 85 95 545 250 290
Ukrainian 405 165 240 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 10 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,340 2,410 2,925 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 30 20 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 70 30 40 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 595 275 325 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 4,570 2,050 2,520 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 20 10 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 715 355 360 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 9,055 4,665 4,390 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 6,145 3,185 2,955 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 470 255 215 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,065 555 515 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 700 375 325 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 60 30 25 535 280 255
Nepali 170 95 80 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,220 1,165 1,055 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 145 65 80 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 45 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,190 595 595 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 2,755 1,400 1,360 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 515 280 240 1,650 875 780
Pashto 165 90 80 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 2,075 1,030 1,040 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 155 75 80 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 13,270 6,405 6,865 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 655 350 305 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 3,050 1,480 1,570 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 4,050 1,975 2,080 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 5,505 2,595 2,910 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 160 50 110 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 790 360 425 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 425 180 245 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 10 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 105 45 55
Shona 55 25 35 150 70 85
Swahili 100 35 60 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 45 25 20 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 40 65 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 205 105 100 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100 190 85 100
Sign languages 55 25 30 620 330 295
American Sign Language 35 10 20 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,935 1,915 2,015 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 3,585 1,730 1,855 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 830 375 455 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 55 25 30 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 2,315 1,135 1,185 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 55 35 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 250 120 130 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 350 190 165 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 130 70 60 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 110 60 55 770 370 400
Tibetan 10 5 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 705 320 385 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 645 305 340 800 405 400
Thai 55 15 40 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 535 260 275 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 25 15 5 495 275 225
Turkish 475 235 240 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 975 480 500 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 15 15 455 195 260
Finnish 55 25 20 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 890 435 455 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 365 200 170
Multiple responses 5,115 2,515 2,600 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 605 290 320 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 4,270 2,120 2,155 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 115 50 65 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 120 60 65 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 230,645 113,735 116,915 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 218,065 107,570 110,495 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 186,340 92,195 94,150 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 185,525 91,810 93,715 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 815 385 430 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 31,725 15,380 16,350 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,720 15,375 16,345 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,540 2,205 2,330 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 680 305 370 695 315 380
Bilen 85 45 45 0 0 0
Oromo 50 20 30 80 40 35
Somali 530 240 295 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,850 1,890 1,955 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 450 215 240 535 250 290
Arabic 2,695 1,350 1,345 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 65 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 305 160 145
Harari 10 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 10 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 490 230 265 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,620 790 830 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 60 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,510 740 770 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 360 155 200 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 35 15 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 125 165 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 60 25 30 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 15 20 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 500 265 230 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 10 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 195 100 95 885 450 435
Tamil 180 95 80 1,935 965 965
Telugu 100 50 45 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 150 70 85 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 19,940 9,660 10,285 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 495 255 235 530 255 270
Armenian 85 35 45 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 6,010 2,920 3,095 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 6,010 2,915 3,090 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 220 110 105 540 270 270
Bulgarian 30 15 15 925 425 495
Croatian 650 315 335 1,795 840 955
Czech 130 65 65 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 45 20 25 120 60 60
Polish 1,265 605 665 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 470 230 240 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 2,635 1,305 1,335 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 175 85 90 435 205 235
Slovak 125 60 70 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 60 25 35
Ukrainian 115 40 75 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 720 310 415 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 50 20 25 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 650 270 385 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 5 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Greek 290 130 160 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,675 2,825 2,855 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,725 1,880 1,840 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 290 150 145 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 610 305 305 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 405 210 190 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 20 15 10 245 125 120
Nepali 120 60 55 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,490 770 725 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 80 35 40 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 20 595 290 305
Urdu 650 315 340 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,870 910 970 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 275 140 135 1,025 515 505
Pashto 100 45 55 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,505 725 780 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 6,660 3,180 3,480 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 105 50 55 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,280 605 670 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 2,060 1,000 1,065 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 3,220 1,525 1,695 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 70 25 45 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 590 275 315 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 115 45 75 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 5 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 20 5 15 40 15 20
Swahili 45 15 25 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 55 45 105 50 55
Dinka 0 5 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 60 20 40
Sign languages 75 40 35 830 460 370
American Sign Language 45 20 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,705 1,330 1,370 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,390 1,175 1,215 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 430 205 220 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 35 20 20 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,695 835 855 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 85 95 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 160 150 1,630 820 810
Burmese 135 70 60 685 350 335
Karenic languages 105 55 55 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 340 160 180 1,015 435 580
Lao 320 155 160 335 160 175
Thai 20 10 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 275 135 140 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 250 125 125 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 280 135 150 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 280 135 145 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 12,580 6,160 6,420 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 305 140 165 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 11,995 5,900 6,100 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 10 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 240 110 135 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 230,650 113,730 116,915 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 196,480 97,150 99,330 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 14,020 6,960 7,060 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,075 900 1,180 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 17,495 8,450 9,045 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 25 10 20 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 17,470 8,440 9,025 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 105 45 60 965 435 530
English and non-official language 285 140 145 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 170 70 95 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 189,215 92,620 96,595 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,510 89,155 92,355 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,520 41,035 29,228 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,535 89,160 92,375 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,384 36,549 27,056 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 162,815 81,710 81,105 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,799 41,457 27,212 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 128,700 57,240 71,460 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,759 1,449 5,255 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 139,720 72,290 67,425 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,761 42,654 29,878 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 189,215 92,645 96,575 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,600 89,200 92,400 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,651 50,888 36,665 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,605 89,200 92,405 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,797 41,939 31,833 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 162,620 81,605 81,015 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,066 51,164 34,910 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,975 57,475 71,505 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,162 6,338 7,824 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 139,720 72,240 67,480 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,496 50,574 35,919 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 189,215 92,645 96,575 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 71,930 40,690 31,235 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,710 57,218 46,100 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,496 67,082 51,915 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 92.1 83.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.7 80.5 71.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 7.9 16.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 189,220 92,620 96,595 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 7,700 3,465 4,240 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 181,515 89,155 92,355 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.3 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,380 10,725 13,655 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 30,450 12,105 18,345 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 25,585 10,445 15,135 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 22,640 10,195 12,445 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 20,590 10,005 10,585 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 15,515 8,490 7,025 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 11,410 6,690 4,715 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 8,235 5,105 3,125 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 6,170 3,935 2,240 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 5,125 3,115 2,015 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 11,420 8,355 3,065 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 8,155 5,850 2,305 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,260 2,500 755 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 189,215 92,620 96,600 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 7,685 3,460 4,220 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 181,535 89,155 92,375 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.3 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,930 10,900 14,030 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 31,940 12,720 19,220 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 29,955 12,435 17,525 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 27,790 13,075 14,715 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 22,830 12,060 10,775 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 15,125 8,735 6,385 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 10,200 6,460 3,735 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 7,350 4,570 2,785 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 11,415 8,205 3,210 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 4,145 2,810 1,340 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,335 1,680 655 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,935 3,720 1,215 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 189,215 92,620 96,595 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 49,500 20,330 29,170 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 139,720 72,295 67,425 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.8 78.1 69.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 16,700 7,910 8,790 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 10,605 4,590 6,015 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 18,175 7,855 10,320 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 15,255 6,540 8,710 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 16,035 7,205 8,835 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 15,570 7,860 7,710 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 12,375 7,085 5,290 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 9,010 5,490 3,520 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 6,720 4,330 2,390 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 19,280 13,440 5,840 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 5,405 3,525 1,875 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 4,520 2,790 1,730 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,355 7,120 2,235 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 92,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,774 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,481 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,980 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,355 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,423 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 67,235 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,824 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,244 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 92,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,962 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,465 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,000 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,389 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,260 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 67,220 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,051 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,187 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 92,215 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,305 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,040 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,420 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,115 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,670 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,355 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,785 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,005 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,015 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,135 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,645 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,050 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,630 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,955 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,545 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 28,540 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,450 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,830 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,775 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,485 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,215 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,385 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,065 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,455 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,255 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,155 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,840 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,490 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,740 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,880 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,800 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,015 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,215 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,500 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,605 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,385 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,450 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,450 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,160 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,840 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 64,250 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,932 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,236 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 22,625 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,725 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,922 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 28,960 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,251 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,930 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,815 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,955 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,899 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 64,175 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,495 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,392 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 22,560 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,615 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,223 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 29,020 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,117 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,052 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,725 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,726 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,168 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,305 17,555 16,755 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,653 36,361 31,042 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,483 32,494 28,697 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,415 17,545 16,865 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,073 44,036 37,991 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,939 36,713 33,094 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 230,000 113,425 116,580 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 116,215 55,565 60,655 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 22,300 10,845 11,455 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 21,315 9,490 11,825 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 23,200 10,865 12,335 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 24,425 11,965 12,465 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 24,980 12,395 12,580 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 113,785 57,860 55,925 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 25,070 12,615 12,455 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 24,610 12,440 12,175 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 24,520 12,535 11,990 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 22,590 11,560 11,030 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 16,995 8,715 8,275 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 230,005 113,425 116,580 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 48,585 24,725 23,855 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 16,495 8,440 8,050 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 151,110 74,935 76,175 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 30,305 13,755 16,550 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 31,450 14,555 16,895 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 8,965 4,470 4,495 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 3,325 1,625 1,700 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 18,790 8,760 10,035 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,690 1,325 2,365 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.7 12.8 14.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.1 18.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.2 19.3 21.1 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.7 13.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.2 9.6 14.3 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 18,560 9,255 9,305 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,770 2,425 2,345 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,775 880 895 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,025 6,510 6,520 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 770 325 445 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.2 8.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.8 9.8 9.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.8 10.4 11.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.4 2.7 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 230,000 113,420 116,580 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 225,305 111,520 113,785 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 225,155 111,465 113,690 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 15,180 6,585 8,595 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 71,890 34,940 36,950 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 60 30 35 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 55 25 30 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 20 15 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 40 20 20 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,825 34,910 36,920 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,005 4,100 3,905 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,310 665 645 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 160 80 80 15 0 15
Oromo 80 35 40 190 110 80
Somali 980 495 485 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 6,935 3,555 3,385 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 890 450 445 1,755 905 855
Arabic 5,075 2,625 2,445 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 100 90 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 20 20 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 220 145 75 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 45 25 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 965 420 545 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,065 1,450 1,615 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 110 145 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,835 1,355 1,480 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,270 430 845 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 50 10 45 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 10 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 30 10 25 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 180 90 95 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,070 335 735 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 290 145 145 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 125 65 60 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 75 80 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,045 510 530 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 90 50 40 445 210 235
Malayalam 290 135 160 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 475 245 230 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 220 100 120 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 355 170 190 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 50,140 24,460 25,680 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 900 500 405 1,135 580 555
Armenian 205 95 110 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 13,455 6,530 6,925 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 125 65 60 635 310 325
Latvian 85 45 40 310 175 140
Lithuanian 40 25 20 325 135 185
Slavic languages 13,340 6,465 6,870 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 45 25 20 205 95 110
Bosnian 650 300 345 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 65 30 40 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 2,260 1,090 1,170 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 430 230 195 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 130 60 75 345 180 160
Polish 3,335 1,500 1,835 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,210 535 675 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 4,985 2,585 2,405 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 255 1,240 595 645
Slovak 420 205 210 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 90 110 725 330 400
Ukrainian 485 195 290 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 250 120 125
Celtic languages 40 25 20 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 25 10 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 7,340 3,300 4,040 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 80 50 30 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 95 40 55 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 830 340 495 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 20 0 10 120 55 65
German 6,330 2,860 3,470 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 50 30 25 1,405 730 680
Swedish 45 25 25 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 20 10 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 75 40 30
Greek 1,090 570 520 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 11,275 5,800 5,475 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 8,315 4,360 3,955 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 505 285 220 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,495 740 760 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,350 1,785 1,560 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 45 30 20 375 185 190
Marathi 75 50 25 1,275 650 625
Nepali 340 185 160 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,060 1,685 1,380 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 235 105 125 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 85 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,800 935 860 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,085 1,520 1,565 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 720 365 355 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 190 120 70 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,370 1,145 1,220 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 95 115 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 17,390 8,355 9,030 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,185 615 565 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 3,695 1,815 1,885 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 4,900 2,375 2,520 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 8,125 3,805 4,320 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 290 140 145 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 860 395 460 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 660 320 345 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 20 10 10 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 30 0 25 105 60 45
Igbo 20 15 10 240 140 95
Lingala 80 45 35 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 25 210 95 115
Shona 15 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 230 110 120 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 115 75 45 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 315 140 175 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 320 140 175 250 120 135
Sign languages 305 110 195 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 205 55 155 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,740 2,350 2,390 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,360 2,150 2,210 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,170 550 615 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 125 55 65 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,990 1,485 1,505 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 105 95 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 15 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 125 160 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 385 205 185 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 155 75 80 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 90 50 40 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 255 130 125 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 660 325 330 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 595 300 290 1,125 505 620
Thai 95 30 65 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 915 450 465 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 50 30 20 835 455 385
Turkish 790 380 410 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 30 15 20 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,165 580 585 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 70 40 30 495 205 295
Finnish 60 35 30 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,035 510 535 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 230,005 113,420 116,580 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 213,855 105,435 108,425 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 46,110 23,515 22,590 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 167,750 81,915 85,835 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,145 7,990 8,155 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 230,000 113,420 116,580 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 166,040 82,300 83,740 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 60,425 29,150 31,275 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 15,460 7,380 8,085 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 8,160 4,060 4,110 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 13,220 6,525 6,695 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 15,665 7,325 8,340 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 7,725 3,550 4,180 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 7,945 3,775 4,165 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,910 3,865 4,045 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,535 1,965 1,565 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 60,430 29,150 31,275 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 6,765 3,455 3,315 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 11,700 5,920 5,780 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 13,075 5,820 7,250 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 24,485 12,020 12,470 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 4,400 1,945 2,460 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 60,425 29,155 31,275 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 9,560 4,370 5,190 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 235 85 145 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,195 550 645 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,315 600 720 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,215 555 660 920 415 500
Haiti 30 20 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,130 545 580 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 440 185 255 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 90 45 40 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 310 160 155 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,700 690 1,010 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,905 935 975 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 26,085 12,595 13,490 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,650 1,365 1,280 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,535 765 770 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 165 80 90 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,460 1,150 1,305 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 325 145 185 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 420 195 230 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 175 85 90 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 415 260 160 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 645 285 360 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,490 1,120 1,365 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,015 970 1,045 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 3,655 1,760 1,900 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 305 150 155 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,825 925 905 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 385 170 220 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,075 1,880 2,190 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,540 1,300 1,240 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 4,695 2,300 2,395 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 515 270 250 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 775 395 380 1,665 835 825
Kenya 245 130 110 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 150 100 45 1,205 630 575
Somalia 615 285 335 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 165 75 85 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,205 1,040 1,170 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 19,995 9,830 10,165 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 985 440 540 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 355 195 165 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,015 960 1,055 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 235 135 105 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,830 1,925 1,905 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 700 390 310 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 1,270 670 595 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 45 10 35 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 480 250 235 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 275 150 130 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,290 675 610 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,140 420 720 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 350 170 185 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,070 550 520 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 120 60 55 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 2,070 965 1,105 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 3,775 1,875 1,900 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 45 35 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,915 3,870 4,050 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 975 450 525 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 30 20 15 960 445 520
Colombia 185 70 115 465 220 240
Cuba 85 35 45 70 35 30
Haiti 20 10 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 75 60 20 160 115 45
Mexico 65 15 45 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 250 100 150 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 15 20 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 235 125 110 1,855 875 975
Europe 970 480 495 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 25 15 10 790 415 370
Germany 45 30 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20 200 110 90
Romania