Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Kitchener, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 233,222  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 219,153  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 95,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 92,217  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,705.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 136.77  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 233,220 114,715 118,505 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 40,870 20,860 20,010 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 13,710 6,985 6,725 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 14,020 7,165 6,855 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 13,140 6,715 6,430 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 159,960 79,460 80,505 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 13,370 6,825 6,545 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 16,125 8,270 7,855 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 18,560 9,200 9,365 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 17,970 8,905 9,060 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 16,375 8,160 8,215 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 15,565 7,690 7,875 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 15,980 7,940 8,045 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 17,230 8,515 8,710 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 15,685 7,710 7,975 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 13,100 6,250 6,850 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 32,385 14,395 17,990 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 10,650 5,070 5,575 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 7,585 3,485 4,100 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 5,760 2,640 3,120 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 4,130 1,735 2,390 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 4,265 1,465 2,805 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,780 1,025 1,750 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,170 375 800 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 285 55 230 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 30 5 30 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.2 16.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.6 69.3 67.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 13.9 12.5 15.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.0 38.0 39.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 37.9 36.9 38.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 44,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 34,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 5,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 11,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 14,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 92,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 24,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 30,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 15,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 13,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 230,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 192,350 93,855 98,495 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 109,195 54,505 54,695 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 90,560 45,205 45,355 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 18,635 9,300 9,340 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 83,155 39,350 43,800 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 55,065 30,085 24,985 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 6,355 2,625 3,725 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 12,265 4,780 7,490 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 9,465 1,870 7,600 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 65,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 31,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 14,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 13,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 65,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 53,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 44,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 9,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 11,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 9,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 53,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 24,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 28,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 11,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 12,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 5,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 39,520 19,785 19,735 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 61,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 23,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 38,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 29,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 24,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 230,645 113,730 116,915 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 210,895 105,235 105,660 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 130 45 85 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 14,895 6,525 8,370 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 4,725 1,930 2,800 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 230,645 113,735 116,915 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 221,885 109,870 112,020 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,740 1,275 1,460 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,375 685 685 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 4,650 1,895 2,755 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,420 1,620 1,805 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 230,650 113,735 116,915 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 225,530 111,215 114,315 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 164,930 81,810 83,120 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 162,160 80,495 81,660 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,775 1,315 1,465 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 60,595 29,405 31,190 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 20 5 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 10 0 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 5 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,580 29,395 31,180 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,645 3,325 3,320 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 0 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 980 465 515 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 100 50 45 250 140 110
Oromo 75 40 40 1,445 720 730
Somali 770 355 415 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 225 115 110
Semitic languages 5,655 2,850 2,800 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 660 320 340 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 3,890 1,995 1,890 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 215 110 105 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 10 15 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 15 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 50 30 25 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 15 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 735 355 380 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,545 1,235 1,310 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 220 100 120 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 2,325 1,130 1,190 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,040 365 680 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 60 20 40 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 20 10 15 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 50 15 35 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 70 30 45 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 800 275 525 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 95 50 45 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 45 25 25 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 855 450 400 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 45 25 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 330 165 160 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 320 170 145 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 155 80 70 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 375 185 190 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 41,200 20,070 21,135 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 840 440 405 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 170 80 90 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 11,800 5,705 6,095 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 80 45 35 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 45 25 20 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 40 20 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 11,715 5,655 6,060 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 440 225 220 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 55 25 30 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,455 735 715 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 395 185 205 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 110 55 55 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 2,965 1,370 1,595 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 825 380 445 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 4,010 2,015 1,995 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 375 175 200 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 325 140 185 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 175 85 95 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 405 165 240 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 15 10 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 5,340 2,410 2,925 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 20 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 70 30 40 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 595 275 325 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 4,570 2,050 2,520 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 20 10 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 10 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 715 355 360 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 9,055 4,665 4,390 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 6,145 3,185 2,955 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 470 255 215 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,065 555 515 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 700 375 325 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 15 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 60 30 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 170 95 80 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,220 1,165 1,055 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 145 65 80 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 45 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,190 595 595 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 2,755 1,400 1,360 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 515 280 240 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 165 90 80 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 2,075 1,030 1,040 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 155 75 80 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 13,270 6,405 6,865 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 655 350 305 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 3,050 1,480 1,570 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 4,050 1,975 2,080 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 5,505 2,595 2,910 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 160 50 110 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 790 360 425 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 425 180 245 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 10 0 5 760 360 400
Igbo 15 10 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 1,330 545 785
Shona 55 25 35 1,455 660 790
Swahili 100 35 60 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 45 25 20 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 40 65 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 205 105 100 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 205 105 100 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 55 25 30 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 35 10 20 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,935 1,915 2,015 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,585 1,730 1,855 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 830 375 455 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 55 25 30 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,315 1,135 1,185 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 55 35 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 250 120 130 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 350 190 165 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 130 70 60 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 110 60 55 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 705 320 385 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 645 305 340 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 55 15 40 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 535 260 275 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 25 15 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 475 235 240 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 975 480 500 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 15 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 55 25 20 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 890 435 455 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,115 2,515 2,600 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 605 290 320 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,270 2,120 2,155 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 115 50 65 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 120 60 65 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 230,645 113,735 116,915 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 218,065 107,570 110,495 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 186,340 92,195 94,150 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 185,525 91,810 93,715 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 815 385 430 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 31,725 15,380 16,350 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 5 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,720 15,375 16,345 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,540 2,205 2,330 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 5 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 680 305 370 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 85 45 45 170 80 85
Oromo 50 20 30 805 380 425
Somali 530 240 295 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 3,850 1,890 1,955 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 450 215 240 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 2,695 1,350 1,345 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 65 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 10 5 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 15 10 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 490 230 265 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,620 790 830 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 50 60 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,510 740 770 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 360 155 200 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 5 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 35 15 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 125 165 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 60 25 30 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 35 15 20 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 500 265 230 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 20 10 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 195 100 95 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 180 95 80 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 100 50 45 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 150 70 85 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 19,940 9,660 10,285 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 495 255 235 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 85 35 45 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 6,010 2,920 3,095 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 6,010 2,915 3,090 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 220 110 105 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 30 15 15 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 650 315 335 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 130 65 65 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 45 20 25 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,265 605 665 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 470 230 240 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 2,635 1,305 1,335 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 175 85 90 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 125 60 70 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 115 40 75 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 720 310 415 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 50 20 25 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 650 270 385 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 5 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 655 315 340
Greek 290 130 160 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,675 2,825 2,855 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 3,725 1,880 1,840 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 290 150 145 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 610 305 305 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 405 210 190 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 5 540 260 280
Marathi 20 15 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 120 60 55 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,490 770 725 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 80 35 40 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 20 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 650 315 340 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,870 910 970 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 275 140 135 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 100 45 55 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,505 725 780 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 6,660 3,180 3,480 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 105 50 55 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,280 605 670 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 2,060 1,000 1,065 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 3,220 1,525 1,695 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 70 25 45 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 590 275 315 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 115 45 75 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 5 5 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 20 5 15 455 210 245
Swahili 45 15 25 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 55 45 550 260 290
Dinka 0 5 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 425 195 225
Sign languages 75 40 35 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 45 20 20 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,705 1,330 1,370 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 2,390 1,175 1,215 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 430 205 220 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 35 20 20 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 1,695 835 855 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 185 85 95 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 160 150 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 135 70 60 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 105 55 55 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 340 160 180 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 320 155 160 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 20 10 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 275 135 140 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 770 385 380
Turkish 250 125 125 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 280 135 150 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 280 135 145 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 12,580 6,160 6,420 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 305 140 165 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 11,995 5,900 6,100 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 35 10 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 240 110 135 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 230,650 113,730 116,915 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 196,480 97,150 99,330 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 14,020 6,960 7,060 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,075 900 1,180 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 17,495 8,450 9,045 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 25 10 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 17,470 8,440 9,025 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 105 45 60 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 285 140 145 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 170 70 95 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 189,215 92,620 96,595 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,510 89,155 92,355 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,520 41,035 29,228 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,535 89,160 92,375 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,384 36,549 27,056 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 162,815 81,710 81,105 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,799 41,457 27,212 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 128,700 57,240 71,460 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,759 1,449 5,255 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 139,720 72,290 67,425 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,761 42,654 29,878 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 189,215 92,645 96,575 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,600 89,200 92,400 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,651 50,888 36,665 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,605 89,200 92,405 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,797 41,939 31,833 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 162,620 81,605 81,015 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,066 51,164 34,910 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 128,975 57,475 71,505 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,162 6,338 7,824 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 139,720 72,240 67,480 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,496 50,574 35,919 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 189,215 92,645 96,575 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 71,930 40,690 31,235 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,710 57,218 46,100 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,496 67,082 51,915 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 92.1 83.4 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.7 80.5 71.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 7.9 16.6 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 189,220 92,620 96,595 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 7,700 3,465 4,240 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 181,515 89,155 92,355 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.3 95.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,380 10,725 13,655 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 30,450 12,105 18,345 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 25,585 10,445 15,135 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 22,640 10,195 12,445 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 20,590 10,005 10,585 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 15,515 8,490 7,025 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 11,410 6,690 4,715 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 8,235 5,105 3,125 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 6,170 3,935 2,240 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 5,125 3,115 2,015 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 11,420 8,355 3,065 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 8,155 5,850 2,305 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 3,260 2,500 755 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 189,215 92,620 96,600 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 7,685 3,460 4,220 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 181,535 89,155 92,375 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.3 95.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 24,930 10,900 14,030 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 31,940 12,720 19,220 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 29,955 12,435 17,525 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 27,790 13,075 14,715 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 22,830 12,060 10,775 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 15,125 8,735 6,385 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 10,200 6,460 3,735 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 7,350 4,570 2,785 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 11,415 8,205 3,210 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 4,145 2,810 1,340 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,335 1,680 655 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,935 3,720 1,215 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 189,215 92,620 96,595 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 49,500 20,330 29,170 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 139,720 72,295 67,425 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.8 78.1 69.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 16,700 7,910 8,790 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 10,605 4,590 6,015 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 18,175 7,855 10,320 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 15,255 6,540 8,710 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 16,035 7,205 8,835 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 15,570 7,860 7,710 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 12,375 7,085 5,290 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 9,010 5,490 3,520 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 6,720 4,330 2,390 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 19,280 13,440 5,840 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 5,405 3,525 1,875 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,520 2,790 1,730 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 9,355 7,120 2,235 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 92,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,774  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,481  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 24,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 67,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 67,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,051  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,187  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 92,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 28,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 4,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 20,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 5,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 64,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,932  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 22,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 28,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,251  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 64,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 22,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 29,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,117  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,052  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,305 17,555 16,755 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,653 36,361 31,042 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,483 32,494 28,697 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,415 17,545 16,865 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,073 44,036 37,991 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,939 36,713 33,094 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 230,000 113,425 116,580 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 116,215 55,565 60,655 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 22,300 10,845 11,455 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 21,315 9,490 11,825 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 23,200 10,865 12,335 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 24,425 11,965 12,465 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 24,980 12,395 12,580 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 113,785 57,860 55,925 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 25,070 12,615 12,455 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 24,610 12,440 12,175 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 24,520 12,535 11,990 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 22,590 11,560 11,030 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 16,995 8,715 8,275 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 230,005 113,425 116,580 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 48,585 24,725 23,855 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 16,495 8,440 8,050 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 151,110 74,935 76,175 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 30,305 13,755 16,550 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 31,450 14,555 16,895 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 8,965 4,470 4,495 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 3,325 1,625 1,700 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 18,790 8,760 10,035 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,690 1,325 2,365 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.7 12.8 14.5 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.5 18.1 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.2 19.3 21.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.7 13.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.2 9.6 14.3 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 18,560 9,255 9,305 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 4,770 2,425 2,345 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,775 880 895 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 13,025 6,510 6,520 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 770 325 445 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.2 8.0 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.8 9.8 9.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.8 10.4 11.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.4 2.7 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 230,000 113,420 116,580 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 225,305 111,520 113,785 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 225,155 111,465 113,690 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 15,180 6,585 8,595 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 71,890 34,940 36,950 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 60 30 35 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 55 25 30 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 20 15 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 40 20 20 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 10 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,825 34,910 36,920 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,005 4,100 3,905 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,310 665 645 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 160 80 80 355 200 160
Oromo 80 35 40 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 980 495 485 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 370 170 205
Semitic languages 6,935 3,555 3,385 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 890 450 445 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 5,075 2,625 2,445 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 100 90 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 20 20 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 220 145 75 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 45 25 15 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 965 420 545 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,065 1,450 1,615 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 110 145 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,835 1,355 1,480 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,270 430 845 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 50 10 45 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 15 10 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 30 10 25 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 180 90 95 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,070 335 735 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 290 145 145 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 125 65 60 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 155 75 80 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,045 510 530 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 90 50 40 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 290 135 160 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 475 245 230 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 220 100 120 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 355 170 190 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 50,140 24,460 25,680 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 900 500 405 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 205 95 110 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 13,455 6,530 6,925 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 125 65 60 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 85 45 40 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 40 25 20 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 13,340 6,465 6,870 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 45 25 20 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 650 300 345 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 65 30 40 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,260 1,090 1,170 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 430 230 195 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 130 60 75 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 3,335 1,500 1,835 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,210 535 675 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 4,985 2,585 2,405 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 255 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 420 205 210 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 90 110 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 485 195 290 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 40 25 20 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 25 10 15 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 7,340 3,300 4,040 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 80 50 30 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 95 40 55 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 830 340 495 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 20 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 6,330 2,860 3,470 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 50 30 25 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 45 25 25 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 20 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,090 570 520 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 11,275 5,800 5,475 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 8,315 4,360 3,955 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 505 285 220 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,495 740 760 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,350 1,785 1,560 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 45 30 20 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 75 50 25 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 340 185 160 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,060 1,685 1,380 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 235 105 125 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 85 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,800 935 860 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 3,085 1,520 1,565 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 720 365 355 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 190 120 70 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,370 1,145 1,220 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 95 115 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 17,390 8,355 9,030 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 1,185 615 565 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 3,695 1,815 1,885 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 4,900 2,375 2,520 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 8,125 3,805 4,320 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 290 140 145 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 860 395 460 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 660 320 345 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 20 10 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 30 0 25 1,225 550 675
Igbo 20 15 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 80 45 35 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 25 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 15 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 230 110 120 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 115 75 45 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 315 140 175 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 0 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 320 140 175 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 305 110 195 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 205 55 155 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,740 2,350 2,390 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 4,360 2,150 2,210 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,170 550 615 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 125 55 65 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 2,990 1,485 1,505 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 10 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 195 105 95 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 15 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 125 160 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 385 205 185 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 155 75 80 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 90 50 40 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 255 130 125 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 660 325 330 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 595 300 290 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 95 30 65 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 915 450 465 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 50 30 20 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 790 380 410 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 30 15 20 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,165 580 585 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 70 40 30 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 60 35 30 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,035 510 535 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 230,005 113,420 116,580 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 213,855 105,435 108,425 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 46,110 23,515 22,590 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 167,750 81,915 85,835 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,145 7,990 8,155 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 230,000 113,420 116,580 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 166,040 82,300 83,740 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 60,425 29,150 31,275 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 15,460 7,380 8,085 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 8,160 4,060 4,110 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 13,220 6,525 6,695 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 15,665 7,325 8,340 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 7,725 3,550 4,180 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 7,945 3,775 4,165 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,910 3,865 4,045 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,535 1,965 1,565 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 60,430 29,150 31,275 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 6,765 3,455 3,315 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 11,700 5,920 5,780 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 13,075 5,820 7,250 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 24,485 12,020 12,470 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 4,400 1,945 2,460 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 60,425 29,155 31,275 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 9,560 4,370 5,190 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 235 85 145 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,195 550 645 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,315 600 720 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,215 555 660 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 30 20 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,130 545 580 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 440 185 255 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 90 45 40 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 310 160 155 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,700 690 1,010 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,905 935 975 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 26,085 12,595 13,490 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2,650 1,365 1,280 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,535 765 770 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 165 80 90 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 2,460 1,150 1,305 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 325 145 185 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 420 195 230 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 175 85 90 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 415 260 160 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 645 285 360 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 2,490 1,120 1,365 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 2,015 970 1,045 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 3,655 1,760 1,900 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 305 150 155 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,825 925 905 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 385 170 220 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,075 1,880 2,190 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,540 1,300 1,240 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 4,695 2,300 2,395 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 15 10 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 515 270 250 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 775 395 380 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 245 130 110 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 10 0 0 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 150 100 45 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 615 285 335 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 165 75 85 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,205 1,040 1,170 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 19,995 9,830 10,165 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 985 440 540 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 355 195 165 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,015 960 1,055 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 235 135 105 108,030 50,945