Census Profile, 2016 Census
Waterloo, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Canada [Country]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Waterloo, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Canada

[Country]
Data quality , Waterloo, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Waterloo, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Canada [Country]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 104,986 ... ... 35,151,728 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 98,780 ... ... 33,476,688 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,096 ... ... 15,412,443 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 40,381 ... ... 14,072,079 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,639.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 64.02 ... ... 8,965,588.85 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 104,985 52,490 52,500 35,151,730 17,264,200 17,887,530
0 to 14 years 16,445 8,440 8,005 5,839,565 2,992,920 2,846,645
0 to 4 years 4,740 2,440 2,300 1,898,790 973,030 925,760
5 to 9 years 5,590 2,900 2,685 2,018,130 1,034,685 983,445
10 to 14 years 6,120 3,100 3,020 1,922,645 985,200 937,445
15 to 64 years 73,375 37,030 36,340 23,376,530 11,576,130 11,800,400
15 to 19 years 7,440 3,875 3,560 2,026,160 1,039,215 986,940
20 to 24 years 11,700 6,285 5,420 2,242,690 1,144,495 1,098,200
25 to 29 years 7,620 4,175 3,435 2,285,990 1,144,470 1,141,515
30 to 34 years 6,150 3,110 3,040 2,329,395 1,148,290 1,181,110
35 to 39 years 5,950 2,955 2,995 2,288,365 1,118,635 1,169,730
40 to 44 years 6,580 3,155 3,425 2,255,135 1,104,440 1,150,695
45 to 49 years 7,415 3,505 3,905 2,359,965 1,157,760 1,202,210
50 to 54 years 7,795 3,780 4,020 2,678,075 1,318,755 1,359,320
55 to 59 years 7,020 3,485 3,535 2,620,240 1,285,190 1,335,055
60 to 64 years 5,705 2,700 3,005 2,290,510 1,114,885 1,175,630
65 years and over 15,165 7,015 8,155 5,935,630 2,695,150 3,240,485
65 to 69 years 4,905 2,350 2,555 1,972,480 953,075 1,019,405
70 to 74 years 3,460 1,625 1,840 1,420,875 677,975 742,900
75 to 79 years 2,550 1,155 1,395 1,021,850 469,550 552,300
80 to 84 years 1,980 890 1,085 749,650 325,765 423,880
85 years and over 2,270 995 1,275 770,780 268,790 501,990
85 to 89 years 1,415 570 845 482,525 185,535 296,990
90 to 94 years 780 400 380 223,510 68,675 154,835
95 to 99 years 65 20 45 56,525 13,240 43,280
100 years and over 10 0 10 8,230 1,340 6,890
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.1 15.2 16.6 17.3 15.9
15 to 64 years 69.9 70.5 69.2 66.5 67.1 66.0
65 years and over 14.4 13.4 15.5 16.9 15.6 18.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.9 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.0 38.0 40.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.7 35.6 39.7 41.2 40.2 42.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 40,380 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Single-detached house 22,115 ... ... 7,541,495 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,950 ... ... 1,391,040 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 12,195 ... ... 4,949,795 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,010 ... ... 698,800 ... ...
Row house 4,965 ... ... 891,305 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 890 ... ... 784,300 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,315 ... ... 2,539,390 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 36,005 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 130 ... ... 189,755 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 40,380 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
1 person 9,925 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
2 persons 13,385 ... ... 4,834,605 ... ...
3 persons 6,620 ... ... 2,140,640 ... ...
4 persons 6,915 ... ... 1,946,275 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,535 ... ... 1,180,770 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 103,390 ... ... 34,460,060 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 88,540 44,045 44,495 29,312,160 14,271,280 15,040,885
Married or living common law 49,555 24,760 24,790 16,893,720 8,452,135 8,441,585
Married 43,545 21,770 21,775 13,383,455 6,693,465 6,689,990
Living common law 6,010 2,995 3,015 3,510,265 1,758,670 1,751,590
Not married and not living common law 38,985 19,280 19,705 12,418,440 5,819,140 6,599,300
Never married 28,630 15,915 12,710 8,254,340 4,444,425 3,809,915
Separated 2,140 935 1,210 718,295 309,905 408,400
Divorced 3,990 1,400 2,585 1,816,005 725,535 1,090,470
Widowed 4,225 1,030 3,195 1,629,800 339,280 1,290,525
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 28,155 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
2 persons 13,050 ... ... 5,007,790 ... ...
3 persons 6,100 ... ... 2,107,830 ... ...
4 persons 6,550 ... ... 1,909,935 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,455 ... ... 815,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 28,155 ... ... 9,840,730 ... ...
Total couple families 24,260 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Married couples 21,260 ... ... 6,474,005 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,005 ... ... 1,753,920 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,890 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
Female parent 3,085 ... ... 1,262,340 ... ...
Male parent 810 ... ... 350,465 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,265 ... ... 8,227,925 ... ...
Couples without children 10,790 ... ... 4,024,305 ... ...
Couples with children 13,470 ... ... 4,203,615 ... ...
1 child 4,870 ... ... 1,650,165 ... ...
2 children 6,230 ... ... 1,783,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,375 ... ... 770,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,895 ... ... 1,612,805 ... ...
1 child 2,260 ... ... 983,485 ... ...
2 children 1,230 ... ... 457,670 ... ...
3 or more children 405 ... ... 171,655 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,760 10,150 9,610 6,107,260 2,941,395 3,165,865
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 40,380 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
One-census-family households 26,820 ... ... 9,218,225 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,190 ... ... 3,782,095 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,630 ... ... 5,436,135 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 660 ... ... 301,715 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,905 ... ... 4,552,135 ... ...
One-person households 9,930 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,980 ... ... 582,350 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 103,785 51,885 51,900 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,080
English only 92,425 46,990 45,440 23,757,525 11,838,075 11,919,455
French only 40 20 20 4,144,685 1,925,845 2,218,840
English and French 9,665 4,180 5,480 6,216,065 3,071,325 3,144,740
Neither English nor French 1,660 700 955 648,970 265,920 383,045
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 103,785 51,885 51,900 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
English 100,330 50,345 49,990 26,007,500 12,852,330 13,155,165
French 1,120 520 600 7,705,755 3,780,105 3,925,650
English and French 725 345 380 417,485 209,130 208,355
Neither English nor French 1,615 680 935 636,515 259,600 376,910
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,480 690 790 7,914,495 3,884,670 4,029,825
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 22.8 22.7 22.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 103,790 51,890 51,900 34,767,255 17,101,170 17,666,085
Single responses 101,710 50,855 50,850 33,948,620 16,702,840 17,245,775
Official languages 73,095 36,590 36,500 26,627,555 13,201,620 13,425,940
English 71,995 36,075 35,920 19,460,850 9,680,125 9,780,725
French 1,100 515 585 7,166,705 3,521,495 3,645,215
Non-official languages 28,615 14,265 14,350 7,321,065 3,501,220 3,819,840
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 195,700 94,795 100,900
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 130,450 62,930 67,520
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,815 1,325 1,490
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 88,445 42,920 45,530
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10,230 4,885 5,350
Moose Cree 0 0 0 100 50 55
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,205 590 620
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 315 125 190
Plains Cree 0 0 0 3,065 1,360 1,710
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 45 20 25
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,440 585 850
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,840 865 975
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 64,050 31,305 32,745
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 6,990 3,310 3,680
Malecite 0 0 0 305 140 160
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 6,690 3,170 3,520
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 32,150 15,350 16,800
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,260 590 670
Ojibway 0 0 0 17,890 8,440 9,450
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 12,855 6,260 6,595
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,365 8,325 9,045
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 17,315 8,310 9,010
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 60
Beaver 0 0 0 190 85 105
Carrier 0 0 0 1,025 465 565
Chilcotin 0 0 0 660 295 360
Dene 0 0 0 10,700 5,185 5,515
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,645 840 815
Gwich'in 0 0 0 260 110 145
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 80 25 50
Sekani 0 0 0 90 45 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 1,995 950 1,045
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 765 365 400
South Slavey 0 0 0 945 455 495
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 270 135 140
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 180 90 90
Tahltan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 290 120 170
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 215 90 135
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 70 30 40
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 35
Haida 0 0 0 75 35 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 36,545 18,100 18,445
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,025 445 575
Inuktitut 0 0 0 35,215 17,530 17,680
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 125 185
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,115 485 635
Cayuga 0 0 0 45 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 980 430 555
Oneida 0 0 0 55 20 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Kutenai 0 0 0 105 55 55
Michif 0 0 0 465 230 235
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,305 1,130 1,180
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 225 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 155
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 445 225 220
Squamish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 335 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 255 135 125
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,285 2,070 2,220
Dakota 0 0 0 1,215 570 635
Stoney 0 0 0 3,025 1,465 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Tlingit 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,480 730 755
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 880 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 400 200 200
Tsimshian 0 0 0 200 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 805 370 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 50
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 95 40 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 325 145 185
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 285 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 295 295
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,605 14,260 14,345 7,125,365 3,406,425 3,718,945
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,205 1,165 1,045 575,365 298,060 277,300
Berber languages 15 10 10 22,135 11,865 10,270
Kabyle 15 10 10 13,150 6,995 6,155
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,985 4,865 4,115
Cushitic languages 170 85 80 42,885 20,095 22,790
Bilen 0 0 0 805 455 350
Oromo 5 5 5 4,960 2,560 2,400
Somali 160 80 80 36,755 16,895 19,865
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 365 195 170
Semitic languages 2,015 1,065 950 509,190 265,465 243,725
Amharic 80 35 45 22,465 10,720 11,745
Arabic 1,810 965 850 419,890 220,785 199,105
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 20 10 16,070 7,910 8,160
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5,545 2,780 2,770
Harari 0 0 0 1,320 635 685
Hebrew 50 30 25 19,530 10,480 9,045
Maltese 5 0 0 5,565 2,765 2,800
Tigrigna 30 15 15 16,650 8,310 8,340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,155 1,085 1,070
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,155 635 520
Austro-Asiatic languages 475 240 235 176,725 81,810 94,920
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 10 20,130 9,270 10,860
Vietnamese 460 230 230 156,425 72,470 83,955
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 170 65 100
Austronesian languages 390 135 255 511,480 211,580 299,900
Bikol 5 0 0 1,790 790 1,000
Cebuano 5 0 5 19,890 7,930 11,960
Fijian 0 0 0 745 400 345
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 6,885 2,680 4,205
Ilocano 25 10 15 26,345 10,620 15,720
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,430 665 760
Malay 60 25 40 12,275 5,255 7,020
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 4,040 1,865 2,175
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,390 590 800
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 285 95 190 431,380 178,575 252,810
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,110 430 675
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,195 1,770 2,425
Creole languages 25 15 15 72,125 32,310 39,820
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 3,030 1,445 1,590
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 10 64,105 28,455 35,660
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 4,985 2,410 2,575
Dravidian languages 540 300 240 189,405 94,765 94,640
Kannada 35 20 15 3,970 2,040 1,935
Malayalam 120 65 55 28,570 14,770 13,800
Tamil 265 150 120 140,720 69,080 71,640
Telugu 115 65 50 15,655 8,640 7,020
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 240 250
Hmong-Mien languages 70 25 40 795 395 405
Indo-European languages 14,625 7,275 7,350 3,877,330 1,889,400 1,987,930
Albanian 70 35 30 26,890 13,610 13,285
Armenian 175 85 85 33,455 16,270 17,185
Balto-Slavic languages 3,455 1,670 1,785 701,975 323,640 378,340
Baltic languages 35 15 20 12,530 5,315 7,215
Latvian 10 0 10 5,455 2,350 3,105
Lithuanian 25 10 15 7,075 2,965 4,115
Slavic languages 3,420 1,650 1,765 689,450 318,325 371,115
Belarusan 5 5 5 810 385 430
Bosnian 45 25 20 12,210 6,035 6,180
Bulgarian 65 35 35 20,025 9,675 10,345
Croatian 255 135 130 48,200 23,540 24,665
Czech 140 65 75 22,290 10,525 11,765
Macedonian 35 20 15 16,775 8,050 8,725
Polish 985 465 515 181,710 82,435 99,275
Russian 720 340 375 188,255 85,400 102,855
Serbian 715 360 360 57,350 28,535 28,815
Serbo-Croatian 110 55 55 9,555 4,565 4,985
Slovak 115 55 55 17,580 8,075 9,510
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 20 15 9,790 4,415 5,370
Ukrainian 175 75 100 102,485 45,440 57,040
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 2,415 1,255 1,165
Celtic languages 5 5 5 2,690 1,335 1,360
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 1,090 540 550
Welsh 0 0 0 1,075 495 575
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 530 295 235
Germanic languages 2,850 1,355 1,500 538,765 258,410 280,350
Afrikaans 30 20 15 10,265 5,115 5,145
Danish 50 25 30 12,630 6,245 6,390
Dutch 330 155 180 99,020 48,200 50,820
Frisian 10 5 5 2,100 1,095 1,005
German 2,365 1,125 1,245 384,035 183,215 200,820
Icelandic 0 5 0 1,285 600 685
Norwegian 15 5 5 4,615 2,170 2,445
Swedish 25 15 10 6,840 3,015 3,825
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 3,895 1,730 2,165
Yiddish 5 5 5 13,555 6,750 6,800
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 525 280 240
Greek 340 160 180 106,525 53,350 53,170
Indo-Iranian languages 4,765 2,530 2,235 1,312,750 664,120 648,630
Indo-Aryan languages 3,315 1,745 1,570 1,064,760 538,530 526,235
Bengali 365 200 170 73,125 37,410 35,720
Gujarati 395 200 190 108,780 55,105 53,670
Hindi 565 325 240 110,640 55,880 54,765
Kashmiri 0 0 5 565 300 265
Konkani 20 15 5 3,330 1,625 1,710
Marathi 75 35 40 8,295 4,300 3,995
Nepali 60 30 30 18,275 9,230 9,045
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 1,055 560 495
Punjabi (Panjabi) 770 380 390 501,680 253,515 248,160
Sindhi 75 40 35 11,860 5,605 6,260
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 60 16,335 8,050 8,285
Urdu 855 445 410 210,815 106,960 103,860
Iranian languages 1,405 765 640 242,805 122,835 119,970
Kurdish 90 50 40 11,705 6,345 5,355
Pashto 140 70 70 16,910 8,760 8,145
Persian (Farsi) 1,175 640 535 214,200 107,725 106,470
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 5,180 2,755 2,425
Italic (Romance) languages 2,960 1,440 1,520 1,154,270 558,660 595,615
Catalan 10 5 5 865 440 425
Italian 325 160 165 375,635 184,415 191,220
Portuguese 535 275 260 221,540 106,630 114,910
Romanian 795 380 415 96,665 46,195 50,470
Spanish 1,290 615 675 458,850 220,605 238,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 720 380 340
Japanese 150 65 85 43,640 14,790 28,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 1,715 910 805
Georgian 5 5 5 1,715 910 805
Korean 1,095 545 550 153,425 70,310 83,115
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 1,575 690 885
Mongolian 5 5 5 1,575 690 880
Niger-Congo languages 145 80 65 91,375 45,075 46,305
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 13,455 6,490 6,970
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,535 815 720
Edo 0 0 0 1,670 770 900
Ewe 10 5 5 1,760 950 805
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,825 1,495 1,335
Ga 5 5 0 920 445 470
Ganda 0 0 0 1,295 625 665
Igbo 10 5 5 4,235 2,265 1,970
Lingala 0 0 0 3,810 1,785 2,025
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 5,845 2,785 3,060
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 5,250 2,355 2,895
Shona 15 10 10 3,180 1,520 1,665
Swahili 30 20 15 13,370 6,385 6,990
Wolof 5 0 0 3,990 2,170 1,820
Yoruba 20 10 10 9,085 4,785 4,300
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 19,135 9,435 9,695
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 5,870 3,025 2,845
Dinka 0 5 0 2,120 1,115 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 3,755 1,910 1,840
Sign languages 20 10 15 7,500 3,925 3,575
American Sign Language 10 0 5 2,685 1,320 1,360
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 695 340 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 4,120 2,265 1,860
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,005 3,985 4,015 1,269,215 589,570 679,645
Chinese languages 8,000 3,980 4,015 1,253,360 581,650 671,715
Cantonese 970 505 465 565,270 262,865 302,405
Hakka 15 5 5 10,910 4,900 6,015
Mandarin 6,535 3,215 3,320 592,040 274,630 317,410
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,230 580 650
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 45 50 31,795 14,450 17,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 35 12,915 5,780 7,140
Chinese, n.o.s. 320 185 140 38,580 18,165 20,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 610 275 335
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 15,850 7,925 7,935
Burmese 0 0 0 3,585 1,795 1,790
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,705 2,355 2,350
Tibetan 0 0 0 6,165 3,080 3,080
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,400 695 705
Tai-Kadai languages 140 60 85 22,010 8,870 13,145
Lao 105 45 60 12,670 6,145 6,525
Thai 35 10 25 9,255 2,690 6,565
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 80 35 55
Turkic languages 310 165 140 40,140 21,120 19,025
Azerbaijani 40 25 15 3,260 1,785 1,470
Turkish 255 135 115 32,815 17,375 15,440
Uyghur 5 0 0 1,035 510 525
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,715 855 865
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,315 590 720
Uralic languages 350 175 180 81,985 37,790 44,195
Estonian 25 15 10 5,445 2,325 3,115
Finnish 40 20 20 15,295 6,395 8,900
Hungarian 285 140 150 61,235 29,060 32,175
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 3,690 2,045 1,645
Multiple responses 2,080 1,030 1,050 818,635 398,325 420,305
English and French 230 125 105 165,320 80,460 84,860
English and non-official language 1,735 845 890 533,265 259,160 274,100
French and non-official language 55 30 25 86,150 42,170 43,985
English, French and non-official language 65 30 30 33,900 16,535 17,365
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 103,785 51,890 51,900 34,767,250 17,101,165 17,666,085
Single responses 98,840 49,450 49,395 33,103,860 16,298,475 16,805,395
Official languages 83,655 41,950 41,705 29,106,670 14,383,020 14,723,645
English 83,310 41,790 41,520 22,162,865 10,966,135 11,196,730
French 345 160 185 6,943,800 3,416,890 3,526,910
Non-official languages 15,185 7,500 7,685 3,997,195 1,915,450 2,081,750
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 118,470 59,720 58,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 75,080 37,825 37,260
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,115 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 55,825 28,135 27,685
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,590 4,195 4,395
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,200 595 605
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 110 55 60
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,350 665 685
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 330 140 190
Woods Cree 0 0 0 800 410 390
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 37,945 19,240 18,710
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 3,615 1,795 1,820
Malecite 0 0 0 55 30 30
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 3,560 1,770 1,795
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 14,525 7,335 7,190
Algonquin 0 0 0 370 170 200
Ojibway 0 0 0 6,175 3,165 3,015
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,900 3,960 3,940
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,265 5,125 5,135
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10,255 5,120 5,135
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 50 30 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 115 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 255 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 7,710 3,805 3,905
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 1,020 550 475
Gwich'in 0 0 0 45 25 25
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 820 425 395
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 340 180 155
South Slavey 0 0 0 370 190 185
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 55 55
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 25 15 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 5
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 29,490 14,995 14,495
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 165 75 90
Inuktitut 0 0 0 29,230 14,885 14,345
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 285 135 155
Cayuga 0 0 0 10 0 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 255 115 140
Oneida 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 85 40 45
Salish languages 0 0 0 285 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 45 20 25
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 55 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Straits 0 0 0 20 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,225 1,085 1,140
Dakota 0 0 0 255 140 120
Stoney 0 0 0 1,950 940 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 410 210 190
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 315 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 45 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 235 110 125
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,185 7,495 7,685 3,878,725 1,855,730 2,022,995
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,300 655 645 307,755 153,275 154,480
Berber languages 5 5 5 8,105 4,215 3,895
Kabyle 10 0 5 5,490 2,855 2,640
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,620 1,365 1,260
Cushitic languages 90 40 50 27,095 12,455 14,640
Bilen 0 0 0 620 330 285
Oromo 0 0 0 3,410 1,700 1,710
Somali 90 40 50 22,895 10,340 12,555
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 85 95
Semitic languages 1,200 615 590 272,100 136,390 135,720
Amharic 50 25 25 12,780 6,010 6,770
Arabic 1,090 555 535 223,540 112,690 110,850
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 10,510 5,090 5,425
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,445 1,695 1,750
Harari 0 0 0 735 335 400
Hebrew 35 15 20 8,560 4,425 4,135
Maltese 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Tigrigna 10 5 5 10,205 5,040 5,170
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,200 585 620
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 215 230
Austro-Asiatic languages 265 125 135 115,210 53,500 61,710
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 0 10,880 4,940 5,945
Vietnamese 255 120 135 104,245 48,525 55,725
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 40 45
Austronesian languages 160 65 95 239,785 108,110 131,680
Bikol 0 0 0 290 140 155
Cebuano 0 0 0 7,210 3,325 3,880
Fijian 0 0 0 195 105 90
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 2,205 970 1,240
Ilocano 10 5 5 9,125 4,045 5,080
Malagasy 0 0 0 435 220 210
Malay 5 5 5 3,620 1,710 1,910
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,200 565 630
Pangasinan 0 0 0 240 110 135
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 55 80 213,790 96,235 117,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 310 135 170
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 545 620
Creole languages 5 0 5 27,860 12,005 15,850
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,280 575 705
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 24,575 10,510 14,060
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,005 920 1,085
Dravidian languages 230 125 105 122,490 59,780 62,710
Kannada 15 10 5 1,630 825 800
Malayalam 65 35 25 15,440 7,865 7,575
Tamil 100 55 45 96,955 46,570 50,385
Telugu 45 20 25 8,280 4,430 3,850
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 105
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 340 160 180
Indo-European languages 6,335 3,125 3,210 1,911,215 927,225 983,985
Albanian 25 10 10 13,135 6,575 6,560
Armenian 120 60 65 21,505 10,165 11,345
Balto-Slavic languages 1,575 765 810 314,965 149,315 165,650
Baltic languages 5 5 5 3,275 1,400 1,870
Latvian 0 0 0 1,255 530 725
Lithuanian 5 5 5 2,020 870 1,150
Slavic languages 1,575 765 810 311,690 147,910 163,780
Belarusan 0 5 0 230 105 120
Bosnian 15 5 5 6,045 3,010 3,040
Bulgarian 25 15 15 11,985 5,835 6,150
Croatian 95 50 50 16,775 7,980 8,795
Czech 40 20 20 6,235 3,060 3,180
Macedonian 20 10 5 6,830 3,250 3,580
Polish 400 195 200 74,780 34,910 39,870
Russian 415 200 215 116,595 55,175 61,425
Serbian 415 200 215 31,750 15,665 16,085
Serbo-Croatian 50 20 25 3,885 1,865 2,020
Slovak 35 15 20 5,615 2,685 2,920
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 2,050 905 1,145
Ukrainian 50 25 25 28,250 13,150 15,100
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 670 310 360
Celtic languages 0 0 0 360 205 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 185 105 80
Welsh 0 0 0 95 50 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 50 30
Germanic languages 400 185 215 146,455 71,835 74,615
Afrikaans 0 0 0 4,790 2,355 2,435
Danish 0 0 0 855 410 445
Dutch 20 10 10 9,565 4,630 4,935
Frisian 0 0 0 185 95 90
German 365 165 205 120,335 58,905 61,435
Icelandic 0 0 0 270 120 150
Norwegian 0 0 0 345 145 200
Swedish 5 5 0 1,045 500 545
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 355 170 185
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,080 3,695 3,385
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,625 820 810
Greek 95 40 55 44,545 21,110 23,440
Indo-Iranian languages 2,795 1,430 1,365 838,755 416,960 421,795
Indo-Aryan languages 1,780 895 890 676,185 337,440 338,745
Bengali 215 110 100 47,350 23,585 23,765
Gujarati 215 100 115 64,150 31,740 32,405
Hindi 230 120 115 55,510 27,805 27,710
Kashmiri 0 0 0 135 70 70
Konkani 15 5 5 720 355 370
Marathi 30 15 20 3,780 1,940 1,840
Nepali 20 10 10 13,375 6,710 6,670
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 470 235 240
Punjabi (Panjabi) 495 245 250 349,145 174,905 174,240
Sindhi 30 15 15 4,975 2,280 2,695
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 30 35 7,790 3,860 3,925
Urdu 470 240 220 128,785 63,965 64,820
Iranian languages 990 525 465 160,195 78,310 81,880
Kurdish 50 30 25 6,580 3,400 3,175
Pashto 90 45 50 10,590 5,305 5,290
Persian (Farsi) 850 455 395 143,020 69,600 73,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 2,375 1,215 1,160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,320 645 680 531,485 251,050 280,440
Catalan 5 0 0 355 165 190
Italian 50 25 25 115,415 49,975 65,440
Portuguese 225 120 105 98,710 46,915 51,795
Romanian 350 175 175 53,320 25,795 27,525
Spanish 695 320 370 263,510 128,110 135,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Japanese 90 40 45 19,785 8,265 11,515
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,040 565 475
Georgian 5 0 0 1,035 565 475
Korean 775 365 410 109,705 51,385 58,320
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 910 440 470
Mongolian 5 0 0 910 435 470
Niger-Congo languages 40 15 20 28,665 13,340 15,320
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 5,990 2,695 3,295
Bamanankan 0 0 0 340 180 160
Edo 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ewe 0 0 0 410 185 225
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 825 400 425
Ga 0 0 0 250 105 140
Ganda 0 0 0 345 160 185
Igbo 5 0 0 1,000 485 510
Lingala 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 2,110 990 1,115
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,530 670 865
Shona 0 0 0 1,035 475 560
Swahili 10 10 5 5,370 2,500 2,870
Wolof 0 0 0 1,380 745 635
Yoruba 5 0 0 2,615 1,275 1,340
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 4,010 1,850 2,160
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 2,650 1,305 1,350
Dinka 0 0 0 1,130 580 550
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,525 730 800
Sign languages 30 15 10 10,445 5,870 4,570
American Sign Language 10 5 5 3,015 1,560 1,460
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 730 375 355
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 6,690 3,935 2,755
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,625 2,800 2,820 924,720 433,530 491,190
Chinese languages 5,615 2,800 2,820 913,365 427,860 485,505
Cantonese 520 260 255 400,215 184,340 215,885
Hakka 0 0 5 4,080 1,820 2,265
Mandarin 4,815 2,390 2,430 462,890 220,075 242,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 345 150 195
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 13,965 6,345 7,625
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 7,650 3,580 4,075
Chinese, n.o.s. 220 125 100 23,935 11,440 12,500
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 130 150
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 11,350 5,670 5,680
Burmese 0 0 0 2,245 1,115 1,125
Karenic languages 0 5 5 3,865 1,935 1,930
Tibetan 0 0 0 4,590 2,305 2,280
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 305 345
Tai-Kadai languages 70 25 45 9,565 4,455 5,110
Lao 55 20 35 6,175 2,995 3,180
Thai 15 0 15 3,360 1,450 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Turkic languages 135 70 60 22,250 11,205 11,045
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 1,245 640 610
Turkish 120 65 55 18,955 9,525 9,430
Uyghur 0 0 0 610 315 290
Uzbek 0 0 0 990 505 490
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 455 230 225
Uralic languages 90 45 40 23,245 10,715 12,535
Estonian 0 0 0 975 365 610
Finnish 0 5 5 2,790 1,220 1,565
Hungarian 85 40 40 19,485 9,125 10,355
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 1,110 605 500
Multiple responses 4,950 2,440 2,510 1,663,390 802,695 860,690
English and French 120 65 60 160,185 77,940 82,235
English and non-official language 4,735 2,330 2,405 1,284,975 620,375 664,600
French and non-official language 10 5 0 148,915 70,915 78,000
English, French and non-official language 80 40 45 69,315 33,465 35,850
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 103,790 51,885 51,900 34,767,255 17,101,165 17,666,080
None 87,015 43,615 43,400 29,615,245 14,612,175 15,003,065
English 7,235 3,615 3,615 2,109,340 1,045,215 1,064,120
French 1,100 445 650 731,095 342,245 388,855
Non-official language 8,050 4,005 4,045 2,151,690 1,023,940 1,127,750
Aboriginal 15 0 15 90,740 42,890 47,850
Non-Aboriginal 8,035 4,000 4,030 2,060,945 981,055 1,079,895
English and French 55 25 30 47,970 23,785 24,190
English and non-official language 200 115 90 61,075 30,045 31,030
French and non-official language 125 60 65 48,755 22,690 26,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 2,080 1,075 1,010
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 86,985 43,275 43,705 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,135 41,505 41,635 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,691 42,935 29,941 34,204 40,782 28,860
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 83,145 41,510 41,645 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,445 38,412 27,578 30,866 35,933 26,621
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,120 38,630 37,490 24,583,315 12,296,595 12,286,725
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,508 43,498 28,350 32,762 39,925 26,613
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 58,220 26,885 31,335 19,743,240 8,755,815 10,987,430
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,541 627 2,827 5,453 4,199 6,136
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,355 33,310 30,045 20,428,685 10,547,760 9,880,925
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,157 42,014 29,252 33,684 39,836 28,474
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 86,985 43,275 43,710 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,350 41,595 41,765 27,489,395 13,441,555 14,047,845
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,520 63,278 41,806 47,487 56,740 38,632
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 83,375 41,600 41,775 27,500,230 13,446,230 14,053,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,471 49,869 35,103 38,977 45,404 32,828
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,140 38,650 37,490 24,584,065 12,295,015 12,289,055
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,065 64,574 41,199 46,885 56,803 36,962
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 58,260 26,910 31,355 19,742,130 8,752,070 10,990,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,792 5,058 6,422 7,738 7,345 8,050
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,350 33,415 29,940 20,428,670 10,542,540 9,886,130
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,369 61,304 40,281 46,057 54,369 37,193
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 86,985 43,275 43,710 28,643,015 13,990,430 14,652,585
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,265 17,185 13,080 9,367,045 5,231,015 4,136,035
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,101 70,523 55,310 53,431 59,326 47,420
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 78,771 90,412 63,482 65,997 74,289 55,510
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.3 94.8 88.5 88.3 91.6 83.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.5 77.7 69.6 72.0 75.2 67.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.7 5.2 11.5 11.7 8.4 16.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 86,985 43,275 43,710 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without total income 3,850 1,775 2,075 1,154,450 546,285 608,165
With total income 83,135 41,500 41,635 27,488,530 13,444,335 14,044,195
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.9 95.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,700 6,600 8,100 3,877,620 1,668,960 2,208,655
$10,000 to $19,999 12,415 5,260 7,155 4,680,380 1,867,600 2,812,785
$20,000 to $29,999 9,760 4,170 5,590 3,807,840 1,593,335 2,214,505
$30,000 to $39,999 8,025 3,700 4,330 3,206,175 1,472,670 1,733,510
$40,000 to $49,999 7,000 3,345 3,650 2,827,045 1,376,565 1,450,480
$50,000 to $59,999 5,985 2,925 3,060 2,179,775 1,145,685 1,034,090
$60,000 to $69,999 4,825 2,575 2,255 1,655,070 938,755 716,310
$70,000 to $79,999 4,040 2,215 1,825 1,271,850 745,830 526,015
$80,000 to $89,999 3,260 1,870 1,395 966,885 579,290 387,590
$90,000 to $99,999 3,310 1,850 1,455 749,290 452,240 297,050
$100,000 and over 9,810 6,995 2,815 2,266,600 1,603,400 663,195
$100,000 to $149,999 6,065 4,155 1,910 1,493,570 1,024,210 469,365
$150,000 and over 3,745 2,835 910 773,025 579,190 193,830
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 86,985 43,275 43,710 28,642,980 13,990,620 14,652,360
Without after-tax income 3,840 1,770 2,065 1,143,795 541,620 602,175
With after-tax income 83,150 41,505 41,640 27,499,185 13,449,010 14,050,175
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.9 95.3 96.0 96.1 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,070 6,715 8,355 4,004,475 1,706,825 2,297,645
$10,000 to $19,999 12,890 5,450 7,435 4,905,055 1,972,920 2,932,130
$20,000 to $29,999 11,205 4,870 6,335 4,489,925 1,926,175 2,563,755
$30,000 to $39,999 9,530 4,450 5,075 3,924,960 1,870,705 2,054,250
$40,000 to $49,999 8,345 4,065 4,280 3,144,200 1,619,670 1,524,525
$50,000 to $59,999 6,470 3,435 3,035 2,209,280 1,245,570 963,705
$60,000 to $69,999 5,120 2,910 2,215 1,540,300 912,230 628,065
$70,000 to $79,999 4,540 2,585 1,955 1,076,180 654,570 421,610
$80,000 and over 9,970 7,025 2,945 2,204,820 1,540,335 664,485
$80,000 to $89,999 2,845 1,835 1,015 688,705 444,550 244,145
$90,000 to $99,999 1,870 1,275 590 420,975 291,090 129,885
$100,000 and over 5,260 3,920 1,345 1,095,140 804,690 290,445
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 86,985 43,280 43,710 28,642,980 13,990,625 14,652,360
Without employment income 23,635 9,965 13,670 8,214,295 3,442,860 4,771,430
With employment income 63,350 33,310 30,045 20,428,690 10,547,760 9,880,925
Percentage with employment income 72.8 77.0 68.7 71.3 75.4 67.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,115 4,435 4,680 2,778,990 1,357,430 1,421,560
$5,000 to $9,999 5,640 2,615 3,025 1,602,140 697,025 905,120
$10,000 to $19,999 8,290 3,920 4,370 2,736,010 1,212,855 1,523,155
$20,000 to $29,999 5,895 2,725 3,165 2,293,785 1,022,090 1,271,695
$30,000 to $39,999 5,240 2,455 2,785 2,149,860 1,001,065 1,148,795
$40,000 to $49,999 4,950 2,360 2,590 1,928,565 946,625 981,940
$50,000 to $59,999 4,345 2,205 2,145 1,554,100 839,045 715,055
$60,000 to $69,999 3,560 1,930 1,635 1,220,310 708,270 512,040
$70,000 to $79,999 3,055 1,700 1,360 992,170 591,945 400,225
$80,000 and over 13,255 8,970 4,290 3,172,770 2,171,415 1,001,355
$80,000 to $89,999 2,630 1,535 1,100 773,755 475,700 298,055
$90,000 to $99,999 2,800 1,580 1,220 623,980 382,330 241,650
$100,000 and over 7,825 5,855 1,965 1,775,030 1,313,385 461,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 40,380 ... ... 14,072,080 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,045 ... ... 70,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,239 ... ... 61,348 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,930 ... ... 3,969,790 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,003 ... ... 35,174 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,491 ... ... 31,446 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,455 ... ... 10,102,290 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,053 ... ... 88,249 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,961 ... ... 76,419 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 40,380 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 108,411 ... ... 92,764 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,690 ... ... 76,171 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,935 ... ... 3,967,765 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,264 ... ... 46,799 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,076 ... ... 38,685 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,445 ... ... 10,104,315 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,759 ... ... 110,813 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,600 ... ... 90,890 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 40,380 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,225 ... ... 228,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 555 ... ... 200,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 860 ... ... 374,575 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,105 ... ... 565,940 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,345 ... ... 602,800 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,290 ... ... 538,710 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,345 ... ... 603,480 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,350 ... ... 606,600 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,440 ... ... 596,110 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,315 ... ... 578,325 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,690 ... ... 1,097,345 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,525 ... ... 1,010,415 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,395 ... ... 924,320 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,305 ... ... 836,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,220 ... ... 745,655 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,405 ... ... 4,561,920 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,375 ... ... 1,470,255 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,385 ... ... 1,016,245 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,260 ... ... 1,116,140 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,390 ... ... 959,285 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 40,380 ... ... 14,072,075 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,285 ... ... 243,780 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 570 ... ... 203,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 885 ... ... 380,680 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,160 ... ... 591,660 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,485 ... ... 673,740 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,425 ... ... 628,225 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,565 ... ... 719,825 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,645 ... ... 725,675 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,625 ... ... 711,180 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,675 ... ... 691,695 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,180 ... ... 1,299,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,025 ... ... 1,169,515 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,955 ... ... 1,041,635 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,690 ... ... 900,055 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,280 ... ... 757,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,930 ... ... 3,333,575 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,585 ... ... 1,371,945 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,085 ... ... 809,540 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,255 ... ... 1,152,090 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 27,935 ... ... 9,688,845 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,958 ... ... 88,306 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,198 ... ... 76,372 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,020 ... ... 3,706,220 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,514 ... ... 78,976 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,588 ... ... 68,309 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,540 ... ... 4,222,140 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,735 ... ... 113,465 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,815 ... ... 96,608 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,660 ... ... 1,481,410 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,823 ... ... 53,193 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,470 ... ... 48,856 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 27,890 ... ... 9,689,855 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 131,312 ... ... 111,235 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,469 ... ... 91,040 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,025 ... ... 3,706,400 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,978 ... ... 101,086 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,290 ... ... 82,296 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,575 ... ... 4,225,855 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 159,949 ... ... 137,094 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,329 ... ... 111,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,665 ... ... 1,477,190 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,683 ... ... 65,549 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,599 ... ... 56,687 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,925 9,370 8,555 5,313,545 2,608,845 2,704,705
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,160 25,639 26,596 31,890 34,483 29,801
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,924 24,630 25,304 28,959 30,746 27,495
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 18,040 9,300 8,740 5,299,050 2,596,985 2,702,070
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,682 40,990 38,290 42,939 46,085 39,915
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,249 34,009 32,441 35,801 37,724 33,952
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 103,390 51,690 51,700 34,460,065 16,971,550 17,488,515
In the bottom half of the distribution 42,885 21,220 21,665 17,229,835 8,256,970 8,972,865
In the bottom decile 12,205 6,300 5,905 3,445,950 1,672,900 1,773,050
In the second decile 7,570 3,605 3,965 3,445,660 1,564,965 1,880,700
In the third decile 7,265 3,450 3,810 3,446,165 1,641,930 1,804,235
In the fourth decile 7,570 3,705 3,865 3,445,850 1,677,120 1,768,730
In the fifth decile 8,275 4,155 4,120 3,446,210 1,700,060 1,746,150
In the top half of the distribution 60,510 30,465 30,040 17,230,230 8,714,580 8,515,650
In the sixth decile 9,280 4,610 4,670 3,445,695 1,716,510 1,729,185
In the seventh decile 10,210 5,165 5,040 3,446,470 1,730,975 1,715,500
In the eighth decile 11,370 5,755 5,625 3,445,940 1,741,640 1,704,300
In the ninth decile 13,710 6,875 6,835 3,446,045 1,751,850 1,694,195
In the top decile 15,940 8,065 7,875 3,446,080 1,773,600 1,672,475
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 103,390 51,685 51,700 33,968,295 16,724,265 17,244,035
0 to 17 years 20,205 10,420 9,785 6,836,380 3,504,250 3,332,125
0 to 5 years 5,780 2,980 2,805 2,228,770 1,142,505 1,086,270
18 to 64 years 69,415 34,925 34,490 21,695,090 10,690,090 11,005,005
65 years and over 13,765 6,340 7,430 5,436,830 2,529,930 2,906,905
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,195 6,935 7,255 4,809,940 2,243,200 2,566,740
0 to 17 years 2,800 1,475 1,325 1,163,830 597,570 566,255
0 to 5 years 920 500 420 396,095 203,055 193,030
18 to 64 years 10,240 5,035 5,205 2,855,290 1,341,590 1,513,700
65 years and over 1,160 430 730 790,825 304,040 486,780
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.7 13.4 14.0 14.2 13.4 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.9 14.2 13.5 17.0 17.1 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 16.8 15.0 17.8 17.8 17.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.4 15.1 13.2 12.5 13.8
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.8 9.8 14.5 12.0 16.7
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,925 5,700 5,225 3,128,995 1,519,370 1,609,630
0 to 17 years 1,655 885 770 696,025 357,255 338,770
0 to 5 years 505 285 220 236,435 121,170 115,260
18 to 64 years 8,935 4,675 4,255 2,157,745 1,057,585 1,100,160
65 years and over 340 140 200 275,225 104,525 170,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.6 11.0 10.1 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.2 8.5 7.9 10.2 10.2 10.2
0 to 5 years (%) 8.7 9.6 7.8 10.6 10.6 10.6
18 to 64 years (%) 12.9 13.4 12.3 9.9 9.9 10.0
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.2 2.7 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 103,390 51,685 51,700 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Official languages 101,735 50,975 50,760 33,818,210 16,709,290 17,108,920
English 101,725 50,975 50,750 29,748,265 14,806,270 14,941,995
French 9,645 4,300 5,350 10,242,945 4,952,455 5,290,495
Non-official languages 33,920 16,875 17,045 9,369,280 4,488,185 4,881,090
Aboriginal languages 35 0 30 263,845 127,550 136,295
Algonquian languages 30 10 30 177,570 85,505 92,065
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,645 2,695 2,950
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 116,585 56,515 60,070
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 11,440 5,500 5,945
Moose Cree 0 0 0 195 80 115
Naskapi 0 0 0 1,465 710 755
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 545 225 320
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5,905 2,705 3,200
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 2,345 995 1,350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 2,665 1,230 1,435
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 86,115 42,080 44,035
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 9,765 4,710 5,050
Malecite 0 0 0 755 370 390
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 9,025 4,350 4,670
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 25 46,685 22,100 24,585
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,480 1,165 1,315
Ojibway 20 0 20 28,585 13,365 15,220
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15,610 7,575 8,030
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 120 60 60
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,655 11,340 12,320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 23,570 11,300 12,265
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 210 105 100
Beaver 0 0 0 340 180 165
Carrier 0 0 0 2,105 955 1,145
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,150 535 610
Dene 0 0 0 13,060 6,270 6,790
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 2,375 1,210 1,165
Gwich'in 0 0 0 360 165 200
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 60 90
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 2,815 1,340 1,475
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 1,010 475 530
South Slavey 0 0 0 1,365 660 710
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 680 320 360
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 630 340 285
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 365 205 170
Tahltan 0 0 0 270 140 130
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 420 160 260
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 285 115 170
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 145 50 95
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 35 50
Haida 0 0 0 465 205 260
Inuit languages 0 0 0 42,980 21,355 21,630
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 1,975 895 1,080
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40,620 20,280 20,340
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 470 225 240
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 2,800 1,240 1,555
Cayuga 0 0 0 125 40 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 2,415 1,120 1,295
Oneida 0 0 0 180 60 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Kutenai 0 0 0 175 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 1,210 585 625
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,750 2,730 3,015
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 110
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,060 475 585
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 820 370 450
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,305 640 665
Squamish 0 0 0 285 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 450 220 235
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 565 295 270
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5,430 2,665 2,770
Dakota 0 0 0 1,760 870 890
Stoney 0 0 0 3,675 1,805 1,875
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 70 70
Tlingit 0 0 0 260 140 120
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,730 1,350 1,380
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,305 645 660
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,060 545 515
Tsimshian 0 0 0 410 180 235
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,490 680 805
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 110
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 125 50 75
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 605 285 320
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 565 265 300
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 665 310 360
Non-Aboriginal languages 33,885 16,870 17,020 9,107,075 4,361,420 4,745,660
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,795 1,485 1,310 837,355 432,560 404,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 29,460 15,745 13,715
Kabyle 0 0 0 17,120 9,100 8,015
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,505 6,735 5,775
Cushitic languages 190 110 80 57,125 26,870 30,250
Bilen 0 0 0 1,085 625 470
Oromo 0 0 0 6,245 3,070 3,175
Somali 185 105 80 49,665 23,070 26,590
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 480 220 265
Semitic languages 2,600 1,375 1,230 771,130 400,780 370,350
Amharic 130 55 75 33,670 16,675 16,995
Arabic 2,330 1,240 1,085 629,055 329,235 299,820
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 20 10 19,745 9,720 10,020
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 7,115 3,505 3,610
Harari 0 0 0 1,710 855 860
Hebrew 105 50 55 75,020 38,730 36,290
Maltese 0 0 0 7,625 3,760 3,870
Tigrigna 65 30 35 21,340 10,640 10,705
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,220 1,655 1,565
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 2,775 1,440 1,335
Austro-Asiatic languages 530 260 270 224,865 105,845 119,020
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 0 20 27,035 12,640 14,400
Vietnamese 505 255 255 198,895 93,735 105,155
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 70 120
Austronesian languages 585 200 385 656,200 273,075 383,125
Bikol 0 0 0 2,075 885 1,190
Cebuano 20 0 20 27,045 10,960 16,085
Fijian 0 0 0 1,660 955 705
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 7,925 3,200 4,720
Ilocano 35 10 25 34,530 13,805 20,730
Malagasy 0 0 0 2,335 1,120 1,220
Malay 120 50 70 22,470 10,370 12,100
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 5,425 2,445 2,980
Pangasinan 0 0 0 1,800 790 1,015
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 435 140 295 612,735 253,210 359,530
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 1,395 530 860
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 5,585 2,540 3,040
Creole languages 80 60 30 155,615 70,545 85,070
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 6,850 3,140 3,710
Creole, n.o.s. 70 50 20 133,045 59,890 73,160
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 16,635 7,955 8,675
Dravidian languages 715 420 295 250,180 126,220 123,960
Kannada 80 45 30 8,245 4,180 4,065
Malayalam 190 90 100 37,810 19,410 18,400
Tamil 420 260 160 189,860 94,640 95,220
Telugu 105 70 35 23,160 12,770 10,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 790 385 405
Hmong-Mien languages 100 40 60 870 435 435
Indo-European languages 18,760 9,190 9,565 5,158,010 2,506,455 2,651,555
Albanian 110 60 50 31,930 16,140 15,790
Armenian 205 95 110 41,295 19,980 21,315
Balto-Slavic languages 4,010 1,840 2,165 817,315 384,960 432,350
Baltic languages 30 15 20 14,675 6,470 8,205
Latvian 20 10 15 6,500 2,960 3,540
Lithuanian 10 10 10 8,185 3,510 4,675
Slavic languages 3,985 1,835 2,145 805,915 379,965 425,945
Belarusan 20 0 15 2,265 1,070 1,195
Bosnian 125 65 60 18,265 9,055 9,215
Bulgarian 70 30 35 22,425 10,920 11,505
Croatian 445 200 245 69,840 34,515 35,325
Czech 200 95 100 28,720 13,675 15,050
Macedonian 50 35 15 23,075 11,190 11,880
Polish 1,050 465 580 214,965 99,365 115,600
Russian 1,025 480 550 269,645 127,055 142,595
Serbian 880 410 470 73,775 37,040 36,740
Serbo-Croatian 85 25 65 11,275 5,525 5,750
Slovak 185 100 85 21,470 10,215 11,255
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 25 20 11,495 5,205 6,290
Ukrainian 265 110 150 132,115 58,820 73,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 3,000 1,590 1,405
Celtic languages 10 0 0 9,165 4,705 4,455
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 10 3,980 2,010 1,975
Welsh 0 0 0 1,690 830 860
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,590 1,915 1,680
Germanic languages 3,990 1,845 2,155 695,535 337,215 358,320
Afrikaans 65 35 30 23,410 11,795 11,610
Danish 70 30 45 15,745 7,320 8,425
Dutch 430 180 250 120,865 57,885 62,990
Frisian 0 0 0 2,910 1,515 1,395
German 3,455 1,620 1,835 502,730 245,745 256,985
Icelandic 0 0 0 1,780 830 945
Norwegian 10 0 0 8,120 3,860 4,260
Swedish 50 35 15 14,140 6,510 7,635
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 4,400 1,945 2,455
Yiddish 0 0 0 20,985 10,435 10,550
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 8,710 4,425 4,285
Greek 350 160 190 150,965 75,510 75,455
Indo-Iranian languages 6,085 3,240 2,845 1,658,220 840,850 817,365
Indo-Aryan languages 4,625 2,445 2,180 1,387,805 704,370 683,435
Bengali 555 295 255 91,220 46,935 44,285
Gujarati 530 290 240 149,045 74,765 74,285
Hindi 1,810 970 840 433,365 221,665 211,700
Kashmiri 0 0 0 905 490 420
Konkani 0 0 0 6,790 3,185 3,605
Marathi 140 70 70 15,570 8,200 7,365
Nepali 20 10 10 21,380 10,915 10,470
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,535 755 775
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,165 615 550 668,240 341,450 326,790
Sindhi 100 50 50 20,260 9,310 10,945
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 85 90 27,825 13,970 13,855
Urdu 1,580 815 765 322,220 164,685 157,535
Iranian languages 1,465 800 665 281,715 142,030 139,680
Kurdish 75 30 45 15,290 8,290 7,000
Pashto 110 40 65 23,180 12,465 10,715
Persian (Farsi) 1,320 745 575 252,320 126,565 125,755
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 8,875 4,715 4,155
Italic (Romance) languages 4,645 2,215 2,430 1,897,630 898,530 999,100
Catalan 15 10 0 2,035 1,145 890
Italian 620 320 300 574,725 278,500 296,225
Portuguese 665 355 315 295,955 144,465 151,485
Romanian 960 455 510 115,050 55,275 59,770
Spanish 2,580 1,170 1,405 995,255 460,250 535,010
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 2,680 1,610 1,075
Japanese 415 215 200 83,090 36,760 46,335
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 2,150 1,075 1,075
Georgian 0 0 0 2,150 1,080 1,070
Korean 1,145 585 555 172,755 80,170 92,590
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 2,090 960 1,130
Mongolian 15 10 0 2,090 960 1,130
Niger-Congo languages 280 180 95 177,215 88,135 89,080
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 22,145 10,810 11,340
Bamanankan 0 0 0 3,190 1,660 1,530
Edo 0 0 0 3,220 1,510 1,705
Ewe 0 0 0 3,000 1,685 1,315
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 4,725 2,460 2,260
Ga 0 10 0 2,250 1,140 1,110
Ganda 0 0 0 2,495 1,175 1,320
Igbo 60 55 10 8,850 4,710 4,140
Lingala 25 15 10 17,010 7,865 9,145
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 8,590 4,075 4,515
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 7,860 3,600 4,260
Shona 0 0 0 5,425 2,530 2,905
Swahili 85 45 40 38,680 19,565 19,115
Wolof 10 10 0 8,240 4,455 3,785
Yoruba 80 50 25 22,420 11,475 10,940
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 40,760 20,375 20,385
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 7,015 3,520 3,495
Dinka 0 0 0 2,475 1,280 1,190
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,555 2,240 2,315
Sign languages 80 30 50 48,115 18,985 29,130
American Sign Language 50 20 30 21,930 7,780 14,155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,665 1,665 3,005
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 22,275 9,835 12,440
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,735 4,365 4,375 1,430,440 672,100 758,340
Chinese languages 8,735 4,365 4,375 1,413,110 663,465 749,640
Cantonese 1,350 685 670 699,125 325,840 373,285
Hakka 10 0 0 12,445 5,555 6,890
Mandarin 7,465 3,680 3,790 814,450 377,635 436,815
Min Dong 0 0 0 1,045 440 600
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 50 70 42,840 19,005 23,835
Wu (Shanghainese) 90 40 50 16,530 7,490 9,040
Chinese, n.o.s. 455 265 190 41,690 19,995 21,690
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 590 250 340
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 18,270 9,100 9,175
Burmese 0 10 0 4,995 2,490 2,500
Karenic languages 0 0 0 4,895 2,425 2,475
Tibetan 0 0 0 7,050 3,555 3,490
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,375 1,160 1,220
Tai-Kadai languages 210 90 120 30,400 13,210 17,195
Lao 155 60 95 17,235 8,240 8,990
Thai 55 25 25 15,390 5,875 9,520
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 50 65
Turkic languages 465 290 170 60,530 31,585 28,945
Azerbaijani 80 65 15 5,450 2,885 2,565
Turkish 405 260 145 50,775 26,605 24,165
Uyghur 0 0 0 1,385 685 700
Uzbek 0 0 10 2,465 1,230 1,235
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,870 905 965
Uralic languages 315 145 170 94,810 44,270 50,545
Estonian 25 15 10 6,070 2,750 3,315
Finnish 30 10 25 17,595 7,540 10,050
Hungarian 255 120 135 71,285 34,005 37,280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 45 15 9,730 5,375 4,355
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 103,390 51,690 51,700 34,460,065 16,971,580 17,488,490
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 92,060 45,980 46,080 32,034,590 15,799,495 16,235,090
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,010 9,765 9,250 6,652,795 3,412,785 3,240,010
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,045 36,215 36,835 25,381,795 12,386,710 12,995,080
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 11,330 5,710 5,620 2,425,480 1,172,085 1,253,400
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 103,390 51,685 51,705 34,460,065 16,971,575 17,488,485
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 72,255 36,195 36,060 26,412,610 13,124,325 13,288,290
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,155 12,835 13,320 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Before 1981 6,355 3,015 3,335 1,941,510 927,795 1,013,715
1981 to 1990 2,705 1,320 1,385 915,555 439,245 476,310
1991 to 2000 5,400 2,700 2,705 1,486,655 696,720 789,940
2001 to 2010 7,855 3,970 3,885 1,985,035 940,570 1,044,465
2001 to 2005 3,890 2,015 1,875 928,935 439,890 489,050
2006 to 2010 3,970 1,955 2,015 1,056,095 500,680 555,415
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,840 1,835 2,005 1,212,075 582,175 629,895
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,985 2,660 2,320 506,625 260,755 245,870
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,155 12,830 13,320 7,540,830 3,586,500 3,954,335
Under 5 years 2,840 1,370 1,475 731,340 364,165 367,175
5 to 14 years 5,395 3,025 2,365 1,311,810 665,870 645,945
15 to 24 years 4,845 2,265 2,580 1,604,430 724,430 880,005
25 to 44 years 11,080 5,220 5,860 3,198,920 1,513,970 1,684,950
45 years and over 1,995 950 1,045 694,320 318,060 376,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,155 12,835 13,320 7,540,830 3,586,495 3,954,330
Americas 3,260 1,560 1,695 1,128,745 510,650 618,100
Brazil 135 80 55 29,320 13,235 16,080
Colombia 180 75 110 70,035 32,065 37,965
El Salvador 200 120 80 48,080 23,865 24,215
Guyana 440 195 245 87,685 38,940 48,745
Haiti 0 0 0 93,480 40,955 52,525
Jamaica 250 150 105 138,345 59,960 78,390
Mexico 150 75 80 80,585 37,530 43,055
Peru 60 25 30 29,615 12,950 16,665
Trinidad and Tobago 165 75 90 65,040 29,325 35,710
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 525 610 253,715 113,505 140,215
Other places of birth in Americas 545 255 290 232,850 108,325 124,530
Europe 8,390 3,980 4,405 2,088,410 1,015,145 1,073,260
Bosnia and Herzegovina 405 205 195 36,135 18,050 18,085
Croatia 285 140 150 40,045 20,005 20,035
France 80 45 35 105,565 55,395 50,170
Germany 1,085 490 600 145,845 69,525 76,320
Greece 120 50 70 62,715 31,580 31,135
Hungary 130 55 75 36,820 17,945 18,875
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 70 65 28,325 14,355 13,970
Italy 215 125 90 236,640 118,595 118,040
Netherlands 270 130 140 88,475 45,185 43,295
Poland 780 340 435 146,465 66,450 80,020
Portugal 180 95 85 139,450 68,150 71,300
Romania 755 365 390 90,305 42,795 47,510
Russian Federation 345 135 210 78,685 34,265 44,420
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 370 170 200 33,320 16,325 17,000
Ukraine 270 135 135 73,030 33,360 39,665
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,935 945 990 499,115 243,225 255,890
Other places of birth in Europe 1,030 490 545 247,470 119,945 127,530
Africa 1,530 780 750 637,485 322,510 314,970
Algeria 35 15 15 64,620 33,920 30,705
Egypt 465 240 225 64,615 34,125 30,495
Ethiopia 80 35 45 32,790 15,980 16,810
Kenya 115 55 65 27,150 12,810 14,340
Morocco 20 10 15 69,655 36,120 33,535
Nigeria 105 50 50 42,430 21,830 20,600
Somalia 85 50 40 27,230 12,070 15,160
South Africa, Republic of 130 70 65 44,660 22,205 22,460
Other places of birth in Africa 490 265 230 264,320 133,450 130,870
Asia 12,875 6,460 6,415 3,629,160 1,709,985 1,919,175
Afghanistan 140 65 75 51,955 26,030 25,930
Bangladesh 275 145 135 58,735 29,875 28,865
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,825 1,875 1,950 649,260 290,800 358,460
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 380 215 160 208,940 98,020 110,915
India 2,000 1,060 940 668,565 334,030 334,540
IranCensus data footnote 61 755 395 360 154,425 77,970 76,455
Iraq 345 170 170 68,485 34,785 33,705
Japan 75 30 45 27,240 7,955 19,285
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 820 440 385 123,305 57,170 66,140
Lebanon 135 75 65 88,745 47,295 41,450
Pakistan 980 520 460 202,260 103,225 99,035
Philippines 405 135 270 588,305 247,095 341,210
Sri Lanka 330 165 165 131,995 64,825 67,170
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 390 195 195 52,960 26,595 26,365
Taiwan 320 150 170 63,770 28,170 35,605
Viet Nam 380 185 200 169,250 78,000 91,250
Other places of birth in Asia 1,320 645 675 320,965 158,150 162,815
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 105 45 60 57,030 28,210 28,825
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,840 1,835 2,010 1,212,075 582,180 629,895
Americas 345 155 195 152,595 72,870 79,720
Brazil 10 0 0 8,500 4,000 4,490
Colombia 35 10 30 15,300 6,885 8,415
Cuba 0 0 10 5,370 2,545 2,820
Haiti 0 0 0 19,985 9,160 10,830
Jamaica 45 25 20 12,495 6,680 5,820
Mexico 0 10 0 18,660 9,090 9,575
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 175 75 100 33,060 16,480 16,580
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 6,425 2,990 3,435
Other places of birth in Americas 80 40 35 32,790 15,040 17,750
Europe 415 170 250 140,030 70,995 69,035
France 15 10 10 24,150 13,000 11,150
Germany 45 20 25 6,300 3,255 3,045
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 15 5,660 3,540 2,120
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0