Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Windsor, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 217,188 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 210,891 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 97,777 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 91,632 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,483.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 146.38 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 217,190 106,070 111,120 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 35,425 18,130 17,295 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 11,135 5,705 5,430 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 11,975 6,075 5,905 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 12,315 6,355 5,965 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 143,470 71,095 72,375 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 13,230 6,815 6,415 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 16,120 8,455 7,660 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 14,670 7,410 7,265 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 12,820 6,110 6,705 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 12,625 5,980 6,645 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 13,765 6,630 7,130 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 14,850 7,330 7,520 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 16,330 8,175 8,155 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 15,500 7,670 7,835 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 13,565 6,530 7,035 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 38,290 16,840 21,450 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 12,040 5,655 6,385 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 8,640 4,075 4,560 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 6,840 3,020 3,820 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 5,130 2,185 2,945 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 5,640 1,905 3,740 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 3,525 1,325 2,200 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,670 485 1,185 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 395 80 310 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 55 15 45 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.1 15.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.1 67.0 65.1 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.6 15.9 19.3 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.2 40.0 42.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.4 40.1 42.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 91,635 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 55,290 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,165 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 24,165 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,130 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 6,070 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,790 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,060 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 91,630 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 31,105 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 28,815 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 13,320 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 10,975 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,410 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 214,020 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 181,760 87,935 93,825 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 92,130 46,055 46,075 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 78,300 39,135 39,165 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 13,835 6,920 6,910 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 89,630 41,880 47,755 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 56,765 30,885 25,875 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 6,445 2,805 3,635 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 14,280 5,795 8,485 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 12,140 2,390 9,755 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 58,345 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 29,335 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 12,880 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 10,545 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,580 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 58,345 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 44,870 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 37,950 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,915 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,480 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 10,990 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 2,490 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 44,865 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 21,285 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 23,580 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 9,105 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 9,385 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 5,095 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,475 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 8,055 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 3,785 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,645 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 44,145 21,930 22,215 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 91,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 55,160 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,140 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 35,025 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,550 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 34,920 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 31,110 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,810 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 214,930 105,165 109,770 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 190,215 94,430 95,785 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 325 130 190 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 18,840 8,410 10,430 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 5,550 2,200 3,355 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 214,930 105,165 109,770 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 202,560 99,835 102,725 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 4,925 2,245 2,680 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,005 940 1,070 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,440 2,145 3,295 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,930 2,715 3,215 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.8 2.6 2.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 214,930 105,160 109,765 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 208,825 102,180 106,645 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 149,945 73,610 76,335 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 144,940 71,330 73,610 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 5,010 2,280 2,730 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 58,880 28,575 30,305 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 25 15 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 15 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,835 28,550 30,285 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,100 8,000 8,100 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 575 250 330 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 45 25 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 525 225 305 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 15,515 7,745 7,765 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 95 50 45 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 12,340 6,185 6,155 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 410 205 205 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,275 1,110 1,170 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 20 10 10 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 120 65 55 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 120 60 60 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,090 1,005 1,085 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 350 165 190 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,740 845 895 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,810 725 1,080 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 5 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 70 25 45 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 65 25 40 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 5 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 50 25 30 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,545 615 930 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 185 80 110 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 150 65 85 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 580 335 245 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 30 15 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 130 70 55 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 260 140 120 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 150 95 50 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 29,055 13,990 15,065 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 840 410 430 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 110 50 65 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 8,405 3,920 4,485 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 50 20 30 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 15 5 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 15 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 8,355 3,900 4,455 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 285 140 145 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 95 40 50 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,140 535 605 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 115 50 70 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 745 355 390 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 2,185 1,005 1,175 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 425 190 240 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 2,180 1,095 1,085 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 190 85 100 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 435 185 245 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 40 65 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 395 150 245 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,425 640 785 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 20 10 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 35 10 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 240 120 125 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 1,070 480 595 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 0 0 940 405 540
Swedish 5 5 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 15 10 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 775 380 395 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 7,135 3,730 3,410 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 6,375 3,360 3,015 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 610 305 300 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 665 400 265 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 565 320 250 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 0 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 60 35 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 450 220 230 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,830 960 870 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 30 20 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,050 1,050 1,000 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 730 350 380 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 130 70 60 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 50 25 30 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 545 260 290 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 10,335 4,850 5,480 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 5,495 2,615 2,880 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 510 240 270 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 1,655 785 870 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,650 1,205 1,450 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 420 200 215
Japanese 60 30 30 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 305 155 155 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 725 340 385 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 75 40 30 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 20 10 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 25 15 10 760 360 400
Igbo 45 15 30 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 25 10 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 10 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 25 30 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 195 90 105 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 10 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 125 60 65 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 60 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 85 1,610 810 800
Dinka 50 20 30 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 60 25 30 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 30 15 15 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,155 3,065 3,090 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 5,915 2,945 2,970 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,695 835 855 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 10 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 3,600 1,785 1,805 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 35 40 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 465 250 215 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 240 125 120 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 40 20 20 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 190 95 95 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 150 65 85 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 120 60 60 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 35 10 20 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 365 170 190 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 295 145 150 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 35 10 20 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 970 450 525 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 0 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 60 30 35 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 900 420 480 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 6,100 2,980 3,120 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 920 405 510 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 4,650 2,340 2,310 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 310 140 175 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 220 95 130 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 214,925 105,160 109,770 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 201,740 98,660 103,080 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 169,510 83,225 86,285 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 167,960 82,530 85,430 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,550 695 860 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 32,230 15,435 16,795 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 5 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,215 15,430 16,790 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,050 4,815 5,230 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 5 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 375 155 220 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 30 15 10 805 380 425
Somali 350 140 210 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 9,670 4,660 5,010 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 50 20 25 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 7,745 3,745 3,995 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,440 680 755 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 30 10 15 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 50 25 30 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,395 655 735 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 85 105 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,200 565 635 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 795 355 440 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 25 15 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 15 5 10 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 5 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 700 315 385 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 120 55 65 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 110 45 65 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 305 155 145 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 15 5 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 65 30 30 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 150 75 75 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 65 40 25 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 13,725 6,525 7,195 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 415 210 210 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 55 20 35 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 3,775 1,765 2,005 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 5 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 3,765 1,765 2,000 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 150 70 80 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 30 20 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 420 200 220 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 40 15 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 365 175 185 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 980 455 525 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 230 100 130 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,220 590 630 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 85 35 45 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 140 65 75 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 60 20 40 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 130 55 70 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 0 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 0 90 45 45
German 100 50 55 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 325 155 170 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 4,535 2,310 2,230 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 4,100 2,105 1,995 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 365 180 185 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 430 250 180 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 305 160 140 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 380 185 200 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,255 640 615 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 25 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,275 640 640 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 430 200 225 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 85 45 40 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 35 15 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 315 145 170 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 4,495 2,010 2,480 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,990 830 1,155 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 170 75 95 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 895 435 455 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,430 670 765 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Japanese 20 10 10 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 245 120 115 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 245 115 130 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 5 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 5 0 540 265 275
Lingala 10 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 10 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 70 30 40 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 10 0 10 130 65 65
Yoruba 45 20 20 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 550 260 290
Dinka 25 10 15 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 425 195 225
Sign languages 65 30 30 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 20 15 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 15 25 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,545 2,275 2,270 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 4,330 2,175 2,155 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,200 585 615 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,740 1,390 1,355 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 10 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 160 150 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 100 115 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 30 15 15 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 175 80 90 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 30 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 50 25 25 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 5 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 205 90 110 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 170 80 90 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 15 10 10 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 340 145 195 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 325 140 185 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 13,190 6,505 6,690 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 565 260 305 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 12,085 6,025 6,060 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 120 45 75 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 420 170 250 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 214,930 105,160 109,765 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 179,915 88,160 91,755 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 13,470 6,645 6,825 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 3,135 1,345 1,795 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 17,580 8,615 8,965 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 35 15 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 17,550 8,605 8,950 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 220 95 120 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 295 150 145 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 310 145 165 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 178,615 86,725 91,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 169,325 82,635 86,685 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,862 35,388 24,678 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 169,370 82,640 86,735 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,941 32,141 23,468 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 141,175 71,185 69,995 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,182 34,854 22,364 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 134,240 61,730 72,510 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,304 4,130 7,240 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 115,580 61,860 53,715 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,565 31,391 24,338 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 178,585 86,690 91,895 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 169,395 82,625 86,765 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,669 45,135 32,510 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 169,425 82,635 86,795 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,553 38,579 28,769 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 141,410 71,200 70,210 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,469 45,757 31,078 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 134,495 61,885 72,600 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,255 7,615 8,801 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 115,510 61,660 53,850 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,614 42,557 31,953 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 178,585 86,690 91,895 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 49,790 28,310 21,480 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,921 54,569 42,819 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,977 64,724 49,085 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.0 87.5 77.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.3 70.6 60.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.0 12.5 22.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 178,615 86,720 91,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 9,295 4,080 5,210 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 169,325 82,635 86,685 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.8 95.3 94.3 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,720 13,040 15,680 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 33,240 13,390 19,850 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 25,125 10,040 15,080 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 20,200 9,170 11,025 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 18,005 9,560 8,445 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 12,325 6,900 5,420 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 8,305 4,970 3,335 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 6,245 4,005 2,240 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 4,785 3,080 1,710 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,730 2,200 1,525 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 8,650 6,280 2,370 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 6,270 4,430 1,840 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,380 1,855 530 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 178,620 86,720 91,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 9,245 4,085 5,160 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 169,375 82,640 86,735 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 95.3 94.4 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 29,330 13,140 16,185 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 34,460 13,955 20,505 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 28,815 11,765 17,050 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 24,510 11,925 12,585 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 18,695 10,300 8,390 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 11,405 6,800 4,605 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 7,805 5,055 2,755 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 5,235 3,220 2,005 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 9,130 6,470 2,660 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,980 1,970 1,010 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,650 1,150 505 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 4,495 3,355 1,140 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 178,620 86,720 91,900 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 63,040 24,860 38,175 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 115,580 61,860 53,720 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 64.7 71.3 58.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 21,905 12,475 9,425 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 9,365 4,215 5,150 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 16,345 7,380 8,960 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 13,350 6,000 7,345 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 12,225 5,820 6,405 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 10,500 5,325 5,175 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 7,850 4,490 3,360 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,585 3,495 2,090 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,790 3,185 1,610 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 13,670 9,475 4,195 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,730 2,450 1,280 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,090 1,770 1,320 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 6,850 5,255 1,590 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 91,635 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 55,450 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 50,259 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 31,110 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,460 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,889 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 60,525 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,308 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,036 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 91,635 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,483 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,040 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 31,110 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,926 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,448 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 60,520 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,707 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,224 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 91,635 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,205 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,015 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,875 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,860 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,620 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,655 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,710 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,700 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,430 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,920 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,760 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,815 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,105 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,390 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,330 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,835 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,835 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,700 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,965 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,265 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,265 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,050 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,030 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,430 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,180 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,345 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,645 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,320 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,030 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,805 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,555 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,245 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,010 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,000 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,450 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,590 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,535 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,330 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 57,865 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,994 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,550 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,640 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,121 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,602 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 23,785 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,191 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,788 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 12,635 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,650 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,594 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 57,770 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,801 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,079 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,650 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,772 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,108 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 23,785 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,220 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,638 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,515 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,023 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,831 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 38,960 19,685 19,280 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,815 29,209 26,780 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,921 26,909 25,257 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 39,035 19,750 19,280 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,382 38,093 34,630 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,561 32,600 30,498 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 214,020 104,840 109,180 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 128,355 61,120 67,235 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 35,035 17,075 17,960 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 27,550 12,380 15,170 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 23,655 11,095 12,555 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 21,580 10,400 11,175 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 20,540 10,160 10,375 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 85,665 43,725 41,940 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 19,910 10,055 9,855 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 18,250 9,225 9,030 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 17,870 9,205 8,665 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 16,505 8,435 8,070 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 13,130 6,805 6,320 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 214,020 104,840 109,180 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 43,195 22,085 21,110 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 13,355 6,835 6,520 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 134,855 66,625 68,235 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 35,970 16,135 19,840 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,805 23,505 26,300 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 14,295 7,295 7,000 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 4,925 2,510 2,410 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 30,270 14,330 15,945 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 5,245 1,885 3,360 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 23.3 22.4 24.1 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 33.1 33.0 33.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 36.9 36.7 37.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 22.4 21.5 23.4 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 14.6 11.7 16.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,925 14,450 14,480 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 7,475 3,795 3,680 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,710 1,405 1,305 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 20,190 10,120 10,075 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,260 535 725 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.5 13.8 13.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 17.3 17.2 17.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.6 20.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.0 15.2 14.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 3.5 3.3 3.7 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 213,980 104,850 109,140 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 208,520 102,675 105,845 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 208,220 102,550 105,670 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 19,150 8,485 10,660 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 71,830 35,470 36,355 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 25 10 20 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 15 10 10 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,780 35,450 36,335 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,185 10,160 10,030 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 740 330 415 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 75 30 45 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 665 295 370 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 19,550 9,870 9,675 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 200 95 105 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 17,670 8,970 8,700 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 505 275 235 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,995 1,415 1,575 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 95 30 65 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 185 95 85 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 150 60 85 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 165 65 100 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,520 1,225 1,295 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 490 230 260 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,040 1,000 1,040 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,360 960 1,400 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 25 15 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 140 65 80 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 110 40 70 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 60 50 10 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 15 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,165 845 1,320 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 400 150 255 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 340 120 220 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 725 410 310 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 55 30 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 45 20 30 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 490 285 205 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 170 105 65 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 10 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 35,835 17,835 18,000 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,150 550 600 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 100 40 65 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 9,415 4,515 4,900 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 80 30 55 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 25 10 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 55 20 35 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 9,335 4,485 4,850 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 20 0 15 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 330 165 165 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 70 30 40 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,535 730 810 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 135 70 60 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 915 450 465 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 2,445 1,135 1,310 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 845 395 450 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,790 1,415 1,375 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 185 95 90 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 525 230 290 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 135 55 80 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 415 155 255 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 20 0 15 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,215 1,110 1,100 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 65 30 35 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 60 20 35 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 250 140 110 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,770 905 865 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 35 15 15 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 20 30 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,205 585 615 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 8,880 4,790 4,090 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 7,980 4,320 3,660 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 750 390 360 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 795 505 290 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,280 1,325 955 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 45 15 30 600 300 300
Konkani 15 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 110 65 50 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 440 235 210 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,540 1,350 1,190 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 75 45 25 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 70 60 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,170 1,640 1,530 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 920 495 430 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 145 90 55 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 50 30 25 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 745 395 350 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 13,710 6,720 6,990 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 7,110 3,505 3,605 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 715 350 365 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,980 930 1,050 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 4,260 2,135 2,120 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 190 105 85 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 285 150 135 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,220 605 610 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 115 70 45 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 35 20 15 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 25 10 15 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 115 55 60 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 120 55 60 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 50 70 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 35 70 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 315 165 150 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 15 0 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 225 105 115 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 115 135 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 30 15 15 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 500 225 280 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 290 125 165 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 215 100 115 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,930 3,335 3,590 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 6,785 3,255 3,525 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,190 1,005 1,190 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 15 10 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 4,485 2,145 2,335 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 235 125 110 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 40 60 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 240 200 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 85 75 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 30 15 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 130 70 60 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 295 145 155 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 210 105 105 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 135 55 75 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 505 250 260 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 30 25 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 435 205 225 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 20 15 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,250 620 635 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 15 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 45 20 25 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,190 590 600 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 213,985 104,845 109,140 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 196,675 96,160 100,515 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 40,140 20,530 19,610 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 156,535 75,630 80,905 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,305 8,685 8,625 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 213,985 104,845 109,140 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 150,600 74,010 76,595 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 59,485 28,465 31,020 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 16,090 7,685 8,400 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 6,565 3,295 3,265 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 13,065 6,060 7,010 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 14,500 6,955 7,545 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 7,135 3,460 3,675 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 7,365 3,490 3,875 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,265 4,465 4,800 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,895 2,375 1,520 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 59,485 28,460 31,015 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 6,670 3,335 3,340 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 10,615 5,510 5,100 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 13,385 5,980 7,405 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 23,350 11,150 12,200 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 5,465 2,490 2,980 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 59,480 28,465 31,020 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 7,650 3,390 4,260 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 105 50 55 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 315 155 155 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 665 355 315 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 85 20 55 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 210 55 160 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 585 270 315 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 385 170 215 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 25 0 20 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 200 95 105 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,050 1,745 2,305 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,030 480 555 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 19,460 9,445 10,015 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 960 440 520 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,305 680 620 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 240 110 125 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 710 355 355 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 680 325 355 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 535 270 260 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 35 40 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 4,010 1,945 2,060 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 235 150 90 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,780 815 960 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 230 100 135 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 1,730 800 935 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 345 160 180 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,130 595 540 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 195 75 115 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,600 1,235 1,365 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,705 1,335 1,370 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,580 1,750 1,820 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 65 35 30 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 395 210 190 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 220 120 100 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 55 35 20 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 50 30 20 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 420 215 205 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 355 130 225 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 220 95 125 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,795 885 910 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 28,715 13,840 14,880 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 100 40 60 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 560 285 280 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,360 1,485 1,880 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 370 195 175 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,120 1,680 1,445 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 550 295 255 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 5,765 2,730 3,040 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 40 15 25 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 175 95 80 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 3,505 1,705 1,800 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,875 955 920 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,225 875 1,350 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 195 100 100 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,620 810 810 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 220 110 110 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,520 755 765 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,510 1,730 1,780 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 80 40 45 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,265 4,470 4,800 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,150 560 595 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 20 10 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 10 0 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 15 0 10 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 100 20 80 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 40 20 20 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 95 45 45 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 685 385 300 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 15 30 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 145 50 90 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 595 270 325 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 0 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 30 20 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 880 400 480
Romania 80