Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Windsor, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 217,188 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 210,891 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 97,777 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 91,632 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,483.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 146.38 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 217,190 106,070 111,120 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 35,425 18,130 17,295 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 11,135 5,705 5,430 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 11,975 6,075 5,905 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 12,315 6,355 5,965 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 143,470 71,095 72,375 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 13,230 6,815 6,415 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 16,120 8,455 7,660 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 14,670 7,410 7,265 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 12,820 6,110 6,705 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 12,625 5,980 6,645 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 13,765 6,630 7,130 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 14,850 7,330 7,520 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 16,330 8,175 8,155 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 15,500 7,670 7,835 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 13,565 6,530 7,035 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 38,290 16,840 21,450 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 12,040 5,655 6,385 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 8,640 4,075 4,560 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 6,840 3,020 3,820 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 5,130 2,185 2,945 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 5,640 1,905 3,740 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 3,525 1,325 2,200 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,670 485 1,185 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 395 80 310 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 55 15 45 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.1 15.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.1 67.0 65.1 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.6 15.9 19.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.2 40.0 42.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.4 40.1 42.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 91,635 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 55,290 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 12,165 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 24,165 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,130 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 6,070 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,790 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,060 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 91,630 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 31,105 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 28,815 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 13,320 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 10,975 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,410 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 214,020 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 181,760 87,935 93,825 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 92,130 46,055 46,075 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 78,300 39,135 39,165 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 13,835 6,920 6,910 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 89,630 41,880 47,755 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 56,765 30,885 25,875 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 6,445 2,805 3,635 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 14,280 5,795 8,485 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 12,140 2,390 9,755 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 58,345 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 29,335 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 12,880 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 10,545 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,580 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 58,345 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 44,870 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 37,950 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,915 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,480 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 10,990 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 2,490 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 44,865 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 21,285 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 23,580 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 9,105 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 9,385 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 5,095 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,475 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 8,055 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 3,785 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 1,645 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 44,145 21,930 22,215 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 91,630 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 55,160 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,140 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 35,025 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,550 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 34,920 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 31,110 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,810 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 214,930 105,165 109,770 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 190,215 94,430 95,785 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 325 130 190 1,810 820 985
English and French 18,840 8,410 10,430 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 5,550 2,200 3,355 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 214,930 105,165 109,770 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 202,560 99,835 102,725 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 4,925 2,245 2,680 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,005 940 1,070 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 5,440 2,145 3,295 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,930 2,715 3,215 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.8 2.6 2.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 214,930 105,160 109,765 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 208,825 102,180 106,645 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 149,945 73,610 76,335 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 144,940 71,330 73,610 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 5,010 2,280 2,730 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 58,880 28,575 30,305 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 25 15 20 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 15 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,835 28,550 30,285 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,100 8,000 8,100 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 575 250 330 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 45 25 25 205 115 95
Somali 525 225 305 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 15,515 7,745 7,765 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 95 50 45 1,370 670 700
Arabic 12,340 6,185 6,155 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 410 205 205 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,275 1,110 1,170 440 245 200
Harari 5 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 20 10 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 120 65 55 215 100 115
Tigrigna 120 60 60 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,090 1,005 1,085 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 350 165 190 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,740 845 895 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,810 725 1,080 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 70 25 45 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 65 25 40 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 50 25 30 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,545 615 930 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 185 80 110 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 10 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 150 65 85 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 580 335 245 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 30 15 15 280 150 135
Malayalam 130 70 55 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 260 140 120 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 150 95 50 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 29,055 13,990 15,065 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 840 410 430 1,465 765 705
Armenian 110 50 65 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 8,405 3,920 4,485 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 50 20 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Slavic languages 8,355 3,900 4,455 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 285 140 145 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 95 40 50 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,140 535 605 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 115 50 70 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 745 355 390 325 160 165
Polish 2,185 1,005 1,175 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 425 190 240 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,180 1,095 1,085 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 190 85 100 1,395 670 725
Slovak 435 185 245 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 40 65 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 395 150 245 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 10 15 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,425 640 785 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 20 10 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 35 10 20 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 240 120 125 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 0 295 145 145
German 1,070 480 595 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 5 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 15 10 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 775 380 395 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 7,135 3,730 3,410 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 6,375 3,360 3,015 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 610 305 300 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 665 400 265 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 565 320 250 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 60 35 25 620 325 295
Nepali 450 220 230 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,830 960 870 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 30 20 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,050 1,050 1,000 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 730 350 380 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 130 70 60 1,765 945 825
Pashto 50 25 30 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 545 260 290 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 10,335 4,850 5,480 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 5,495 2,615 2,880 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 510 240 270 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 1,655 785 870 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 2,650 1,205 1,450 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 105 65 40
Japanese 60 30 30 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 305 155 155 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 725 340 385 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 75 40 30 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 20 10 10 85 50 35
Ewe 15 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 25 15 10 90 45 45
Igbo 45 15 30 245 145 105
Lingala 25 10 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 25 30 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 195 90 105 805 400 405
Wolof 10 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 125 60 65 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 60 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 85 340 175 165
Dinka 50 20 30 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 240 115 125
Sign languages 60 25 30 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 30 15 15 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,155 3,065 3,090 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 5,915 2,945 2,970 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,695 835 855 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 20 10 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 3,600 1,785 1,805 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 75 35 40 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 465 250 215 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 240 125 120 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 40 20 20 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 190 95 95 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 150 65 85 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 120 60 60 1,100 550 550
Thai 35 10 20 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 365 170 190 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 530 290 235
Turkish 295 145 150 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 35 10 20 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 190 80 110
Uralic languages 970 450 525 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 60 30 35 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 900 420 480 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 500 280 225
Multiple responses 6,100 2,980 3,120 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 920 405 510 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 4,650 2,340 2,310 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 310 140 175 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 220 95 130 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 214,925 105,160 109,770 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 201,740 98,660 103,080 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 169,510 83,225 86,285 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 167,960 82,530 85,430 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,550 695 860 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 32,230 15,435 16,795 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,215 15,430 16,790 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,050 4,815 5,230 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 5 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 375 155 220 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 15 10 90 50 45
Somali 350 140 210 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 9,670 4,660 5,010 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 50 20 25 600 275 320
Arabic 7,745 3,745 3,995 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,440 680 755 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 30 10 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 50 25 30 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,395 655 735 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 195 85 105 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,200 565 635 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 795 355 440 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 25 15 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 700 315 385 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 120 55 65 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 110 45 65 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 305 155 145 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 15 5 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 65 30 30 1,225 615 605
Tamil 150 75 75 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 65 40 25 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 13,725 6,525 7,195 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 415 210 210 695 335 360
Armenian 55 20 35 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 3,775 1,765 2,005 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 3,765 1,765 2,000 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 150 70 80 595 300 300
Bulgarian 30 20 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 420 200 220 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 40 15 20 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 365 175 185 150 75 75
Polish 980 455 525 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 230 100 130 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,220 590 630 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 85 35 45 500 235 265
Slovak 140 65 75 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 60 20 40 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 130 55 70 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 10 0 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 0 10 5 5
German 100 50 55 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 325 155 170 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 4,535 2,310 2,230 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 4,100 2,105 1,995 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 365 180 185 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 430 250 180 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 305 160 140 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 10 270 140 130
Nepali 380 185 200 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,255 640 615 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 25 675 330 340
Urdu 1,275 640 640 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 430 200 225 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 85 45 40 1,080 540 535
Pashto 35 15 15 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 315 145 170 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 4,495 2,010 2,480 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 1,990 830 1,155 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 170 75 95 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 895 435 455 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,430 670 765 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 20 10 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 245 120 115 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 245 115 130 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 5 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 40 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 60 25 35
Shona 10 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 70 30 40 200 90 115
Wolof 10 0 10 20 10 10
Yoruba 45 20 20 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 40 50 140 60 75
Dinka 25 10 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 65 30 30 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 15 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 15 25 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,545 2,275 2,270 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,330 2,175 2,155 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,200 585 615 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,740 1,390 1,355 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 10 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 160 150 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 100 115 1,745 885 865
Burmese 30 15 15 720 375 350
Karenic languages 175 80 90 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 65 25 30 1,380 595 785
Lao 50 25 25 460 225 235
Thai 15 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 205 90 110 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 170 80 90 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 15 10 10 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 340 145 195 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 10 5 10 725 325 400
Hungarian 325 140 185 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 13,190 6,505 6,690 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 565 260 305 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 12,085 6,025 6,060 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 120 45 75 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 420 170 250 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 214,930 105,160 109,765 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 179,915 88,160 91,755 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 13,470 6,645 6,825 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,135 1,345 1,795 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 17,580 8,615 8,965 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 35 15 20 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 17,550 8,605 8,950 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 220 95 120 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 295 150 145 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 310 145 165 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 178,615 86,725 91,900 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 169,325 82,635 86,685 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,862 35,388 24,678 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 169,370 82,640 86,735 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,941 32,141 23,468 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 141,175 71,185 69,995 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,182 34,854 22,364 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 134,240 61,730 72,510 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,304 4,130 7,240 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 115,580 61,860 53,715 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,565 31,391 24,338 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 178,585 86,690 91,895 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 169,395 82,625 86,765 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,669 45,135 32,510 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 169,425 82,635 86,795 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,553 38,579 28,769 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 141,410 71,200 70,210 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,469 45,757 31,078 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 134,495 61,885 72,600 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,255 7,615 8,801 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 115,510 61,660 53,850 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,614 42,557 31,953 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 178,585 86,690 91,895 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 49,790 28,310 21,480 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,921 54,569 42,819 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,977 64,724 49,085 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.0 87.5 77.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.3 70.6 60.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.0 12.5 22.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 178,615 86,720 91,900 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 9,295 4,080 5,210 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 169,325 82,635 86,685 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.8 95.3 94.3 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 28,720 13,040 15,680 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 33,240 13,390 19,850 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 25,125 10,040 15,080 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 20,200 9,170 11,025 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 18,005 9,560 8,445 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 12,325 6,900 5,420 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 8,305 4,970 3,335 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 6,245 4,005 2,240 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 4,785 3,080 1,710 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,730 2,200 1,525 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 8,650 6,280 2,370 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 6,270 4,430 1,840 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 2,380 1,855 530 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 178,620 86,720 91,900 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 9,245 4,085 5,160 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 169,375 82,640 86,735 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 95.3 94.4 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 29,330 13,140 16,185 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 34,460 13,955 20,505 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 28,815 11,765 17,050 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 24,510 11,925 12,585 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 18,695 10,300 8,390 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 11,405 6,800 4,605 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 7,805 5,055 2,755 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 5,235 3,220 2,005 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 9,130 6,470 2,660 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,980 1,970 1,010 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,650 1,150 505 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 4,495 3,355 1,140 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 178,620 86,720 91,900 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 63,040 24,860 38,175 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 115,580 61,860 53,720 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 64.7 71.3 58.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 21,905 12,475 9,425 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 9,365 4,215 5,150 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 16,345 7,380 8,960 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 13,350 6,000 7,345 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 12,225 5,820 6,405 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 10,500 5,325 5,175 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 7,850 4,490 3,360 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 5,585 3,495 2,090 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 4,790 3,185 1,610 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 13,670 9,475 4,195 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 3,730 2,450 1,280 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 3,090 1,770 1,320 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 6,850 5,255 1,590 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 91,635 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 55,450 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 50,259 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 31,110 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,460 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,889 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 60,525 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,308 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,036 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 91,635 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,483 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,040 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 31,110 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,926 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,448 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 60,520 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,707 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,224 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 91,635 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,205 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,015 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,875 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,860 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,620 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,655 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,710 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,700 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,430 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,920 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,760 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,815 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,105 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,390 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,330 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,835 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,835 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,700 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,965 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,630 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,265 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,265 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,050 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,030 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,430 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,180 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,345 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,645 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,320 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,030 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,805 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,555 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,245 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,010 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,000 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,450 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,590 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,535 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,330 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 57,865 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,994 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,550 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 19,640 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,121 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,602 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 23,785 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,191 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,788 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 12,635 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,650 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,594 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 57,770 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,801 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,079 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 19,650 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,772 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,108 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 23,785 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,220 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,638 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 12,515 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,023 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,831 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 38,960 19,685 19,280 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,815 29,209 26,780 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,921 26,909 25,257 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 39,035 19,750 19,280 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,382 38,093 34,630 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,561 32,600 30,498 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 214,020 104,840 109,180 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 128,355 61,120 67,235 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 35,035 17,075 17,960 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 27,550 12,380 15,170 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 23,655 11,095 12,555 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 21,580 10,400 11,175 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 20,540 10,160 10,375 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 85,665 43,725 41,940 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 19,910 10,055 9,855 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 18,250 9,225 9,030 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 17,870 9,205 8,665 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 16,505 8,435 8,070 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 13,130 6,805 6,320 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 214,020 104,840 109,180 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 43,195 22,085 21,110 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 13,355 6,835 6,520 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 134,855 66,625 68,235 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 35,970 16,135 19,840 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,805 23,505 26,300 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 14,295 7,295 7,000 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 4,925 2,510 2,410 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 30,270 14,330 15,945 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 5,245 1,885 3,360 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 23.3 22.4 24.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 33.1 33.0 33.2 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 36.9 36.7 37.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 22.4 21.5 23.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 14.6 11.7 16.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,925 14,450 14,480 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 7,475 3,795 3,680 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,710 1,405 1,305 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 20,190 10,120 10,075 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,260 535 725 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.5 13.8 13.3 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.3 17.2 17.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 20.3 20.6 20.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 15.0 15.2 14.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 3.5 3.3 3.7 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 213,980 104,850 109,140 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 208,520 102,675 105,845 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 208,220 102,550 105,670 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 19,150 8,485 10,660 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 71,830 35,470 36,355 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 50 25 25 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 25 10 20 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 15 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 10 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 10 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 15 10 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 71,780 35,450 36,335 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,185 10,160 10,030 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 740 330 415 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 75 30 45 245 140 110
Somali 665 295 370 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 19,550 9,870 9,675 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 200 95 105 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 17,670 8,970 8,700 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 505 275 235 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,995 1,415 1,575 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 95 30 65 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 185 95 85 315 155 155
Tigrigna 150 60 85 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 165 65 100 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,520 1,225 1,295 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 490 230 260 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,040 1,000 1,040 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,360 960 1,400 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 15 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 140 65 80 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 110 40 70 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 60 50 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 15 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,165 845 1,320 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 400 150 255 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 340 120 220 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 725 410 310 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 55 30 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 45 20 30 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 490 285 205 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 170 105 65 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 35,835 17,835 18,000 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,150 550 600 1,640 840 795
Armenian 100 40 65 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 9,415 4,515 4,900 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 80 30 55 1,030 515 520
Latvian 25 10 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 55 20 35 475 220 250
Slavic languages 9,335 4,485 4,850 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 20 0 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 330 165 165 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 70 30 40 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,535 730 810 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 135 70 60 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 915 450 465 400 220 185
Polish 2,445 1,135 1,310 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 845 395 450 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,790 1,415 1,375 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 185 95 90 1,525 770 750
Slovak 525 230 290 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 135 55 80 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 415 155 255 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 420 215 205
Celtic languages 20 0 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,215 1,110 1,100 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 65 30 35 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 60 20 35 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 250 140 110 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 1,770 905 865 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 35 15 15 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 20 30 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 155 95 60
Greek 1,205 585 615 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 8,880 4,790 4,090 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 7,980 4,320 3,660 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 750 390 360 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 795 505 290 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,280 1,325 955 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 45 15 30 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 10 415 215 200
Marathi 110 65 50 1,475 780 695
Nepali 440 235 210 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,540 1,350 1,190 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 75 45 25 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 70 60 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 3,170 1,640 1,530 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 920 495 430 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 145 90 55 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 50 30 25 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 745 395 350 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 40 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 13,710 6,720 6,990 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 7,110 3,505 3,605 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 715 350 365 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,980 930 1,050 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 4,260 2,135 2,120 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 380 245 140
Japanese 190 105 85 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 285 150 135 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,220 605 610 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 115 70 45 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 35 20 15 145 80 60
Ewe 25 10 15 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 115 55 60 425 240 185
Lingala 120 55 60 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 125 50 70 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 35 70 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 315 165 150 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 15 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 225 105 115 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 245 115 135 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 150 75 75 405 210 200
Dinka 30 15 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 60 60 325 155 165
Sign languages 500 225 280 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 290 125 165 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 215 100 115 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,930 3,335 3,590 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 6,785 3,255 3,525 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,190 1,005 1,190 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 15 10 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 4,485 2,145 2,335 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 235 125 110 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 40 60 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 440 240 200 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 85 75 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 30 15 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 130 70 60 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 295 145 155 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 210 105 105 1,630 735 890
Thai 135 55 75 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 505 250 260 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 30 25 10 945 510 435
Turkish 435 205 225 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 20 15 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,250 620 635 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 15 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 45 20 25 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,190 590 600 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 213,985 104,845 109,140 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 196,675 96,160 100,515 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 40,140 20,530 19,610 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 156,535 75,630 80,905 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,305 8,685 8,625 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 213,985 104,845 109,140 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 150,600 74,010 76,595 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 59,485 28,465 31,020 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 16,090 7,685 8,400 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 6,565 3,295 3,265 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 13,065 6,060 7,010 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 14,500 6,955 7,545 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 7,135 3,460 3,675 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 7,365 3,490 3,875 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,265 4,465 4,800 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,895 2,375 1,520 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 59,485 28,460 31,015 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 6,670 3,335 3,340 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 10,615 5,510 5,100 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 13,385 5,980 7,405 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 23,350 11,150 12,200 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 5,465 2,490 2,980 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 59,480 28,465 31,020 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 7,650 3,390 4,260 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 105 50 55 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 315 155 155 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 665 355 315 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 85 20 55 1,305 600 710
Haiti 210 55 160 570 250 315
Jamaica 585 270 315 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 385 170 215 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 25 0 20 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 200 95 105 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,050 1,745 2,305 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,030 480 555 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 19,460 9,445 10,015 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 960 440 520 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,305 680 620 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 240 110 125 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 710 355 355 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 680 325 355 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 535 270 260 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 35 40 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 4,010 1,945 2,060 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 235 150 90 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,780 815 960 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 230 100 135 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,730 800 935 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 345 160 180 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,130 595 540 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 195 75 115 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,600 1,235 1,365 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,705 1,335 1,370 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 3,580 1,750 1,820 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 65 35 30 485 310 175
Egypt 395 210 190 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 220 120 100 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 55 35 20 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 50 30 20 985 535 455
Nigeria 420 215 205 1,740 925 815
Somalia 355 130 225 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 220 95 125 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,795 885 910 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 28,715 13,840 14,880 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 100 40 60 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 560 285 280 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,360 1,485 1,880 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 370 195 175 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,120 1,680 1,445 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 550 295 255 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 5,765 2,730 3,040 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 40 15 25 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 175 95 80 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 3,505 1,705 1,800 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 1,875 955 920 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,225 875 1,350 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 195 100 100 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,620 810 810 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 220 110 110 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,520 755 765 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 3,510 1,730 1,780 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 80 40 45 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,265 4,470 4,800 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,150 560 595 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 20 10 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 10 0 10 580 250 325
Cuba 15 0 10 140 60 80
Haiti 100 20 80 35 35 10
Jamaica 40 20 20 625 355 265
Mexico 95 45 45 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 685 385 300 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 45 15 30 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 145 50 90 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 595 270 325 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 0 10 970 510 460
Germany 30 20 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 80 35 40 690 310