Census Profile, 2016 Census
Sarnia, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Sarnia, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Sarnia, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Sarnia, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 71,594 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 72,366 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 33,324 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 31,937 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 434.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 164.85 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 71,595 34,655 36,935 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 10,635 5,340 5,295 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 3,405 1,705 1,695 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 3,765 1,865 1,900 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 3,470 1,765 1,700 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 45,430 22,380 23,050 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 3,880 1,975 1,910 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 4,520 2,340 2,180 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 4,415 2,250 2,160 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 4,175 2,100 2,075 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 3,780 1,810 1,965 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 3,895 1,920 1,970 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 4,130 2,020 2,110 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 5,180 2,470 2,710 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 5,850 2,810 3,035 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,605 2,680 2,920 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 15,530 6,935 8,595 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 4,820 2,330 2,490 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,620 1,710 1,910 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,670 1,175 1,495 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,175 920 1,250 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,245 795 1,445 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,430 565 865 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 640 190 450 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 145 30 110 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.9 15.4 14.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.5 64.6 62.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 21.7 20.0 23.3 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 3.1 2.3 3.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.9 42.7 45.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.6 44.0 47.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 31,935 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,405 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,905 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,585 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,330 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,750 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 825 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,635 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 45 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 31,940 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,600 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 11,845 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 4,220 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 3,570 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,705 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 70,375 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 60,955 29,315 31,645 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 34,280 17,135 17,140 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 28,580 14,290 14,290 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 5,700 2,845 2,850 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 26,675 12,180 14,500 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 15,510 8,515 6,990 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,175 935 1,240 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 4,345 1,770 2,570 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,655 955 3,695 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 20,600 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 11,880 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 4,055 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,305 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,370 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 20,600 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 16,840 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 13,995 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,850 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,765 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 2,980 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 785 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 16,835 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,610 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 7,230 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 2,975 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 2,980 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,270 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,760 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,270 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,070 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 420 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,015 6,700 7,320 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 31,935 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 20,015 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,395 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,615 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 290 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,630 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,035 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 70,715 34,330 36,385 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 65,065 31,875 33,190 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 40 20 20 1,110 530 580
English and French 5,375 2,340 3,035 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 240 95 145 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 70,715 34,335 36,385 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 68,770 33,460 35,310 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,605 725 875 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 110 50 55 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 230 90 140 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,665 750 910 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.2 2.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 70,715 34,335 36,385 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 69,910 33,950 35,965 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 64,110 31,115 32,995 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 62,380 30,340 32,040 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,730 770 960 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 5,805 2,830 2,975 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,785 2,825 2,965 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 245 130 110 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 5 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 240 125 110 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 205 105 95 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 10 0 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 35 35 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 65 35 35 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 205 70 140 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 0 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 10 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 175 60 115 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 5 5 5 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 135 85 45 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 0 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 55 35 15 1,750 905 845
Tamil 35 20 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 25 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 4,445 2,170 2,275 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 10 5 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 20 10 5 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 700 310 385 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 25 15 10 645 280 370
Latvian 10 5 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 675 300 370 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 5 0 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 50 30 25 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 50 15 35 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 10 5 0 250 120 135
Polish 285 125 155 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 55 20 35 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 25 15 10 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 75 35 45 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 0 545 250 290
Ukrainian 80 30 45 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,125 515 605 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 5 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 25 15 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 635 290 345 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 15 15 80 30 50
German 385 180 205 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 5 0 835 410 430
Swedish 5 5 0 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 185 110 80 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 735 405 330 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 655 360 290 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 25 10 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 265 140 125 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 110 60 45 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 5 225 110 110
Marathi 25 15 5 535 280 255
Nepali 5 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 115 60 50 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 105 55 50 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 75 45 35 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 5 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 5 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 60 30 25 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,665 810 855 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 875 455 420 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 365 170 190 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 45 20 30 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 385 170 210 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 20 10 10 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 70 30 45 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 45 30 15 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 5 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 20 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 5 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 365 175 190 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 340 160 180 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 135 70 60 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 175 80 95 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 20 10 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 10 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 0 800 405 400
Thai 5 0 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 25 10 15 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 495 275 225
Turkish 15 5 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 125 60 65 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 5 0 455 195 260
Finnish 30 15 20 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 90 45 45 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 805 385 420 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 260 105 150 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 495 255 245 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 20 15 10 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 70,715 34,330 36,385 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 69,600 33,800 35,800 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 67,680 32,885 34,800 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 67,205 32,675 34,525 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 480 205 270 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,915 915 1,000 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 5 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,915 915 1,000 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 50 60 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 110 50 60 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 90 45 50 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 10 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 25 20 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 35 20 20 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 65 35 35 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 5 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 60 30 30 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 0 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 80 50 30 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 40 30 10 885 450 435
Tamil 25 15 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 1,280 595 680 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 5 0 530 255 270
Armenian 5 5 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 135 60 75 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 130 60 75 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 15 5 10 1,795 840 955
Czech 15 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 55 25 30 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 10 5 5 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 15 5 5 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 15 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 5 0 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 70 30 40 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 20 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 40 20 25 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 85 40 40 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 395 210 190 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 360 190 170 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 5 0 5 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 175 90 85 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 50 30 25 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 15 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 5 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 35 25 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 50 20 20 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 35 20 20 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 10 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 590 245 345 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 235 95 145 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 155 60 90 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 15 5 10 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 190 85 105 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 15 10 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 45 20 25 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 20 15 5 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 0 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 215 105 115 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 205 100 105 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 75 35 40 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 115 60 55 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 5 10 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 5 5 5 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 20 10 10 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 20 5 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 1,115 530 585 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 115 45 75 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 970 470 495 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 15 5 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 25 10 10 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 70,715 34,335 36,385 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 66,260 32,260 34,000 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 1,090 520 570 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,215 500 710 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 2,075 1,015 1,060 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 55 20 35 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 2,025 990 1,035 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 5 0 0 965 435 530
English and non-official language 25 10 10 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 50 25 25 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 59,750 28,875 30,875 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,580 27,965 29,615 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,833 46,087 26,260 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,630 27,970 29,665 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,745 40,724 24,345 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 51,115 25,415 25,700 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,365 43,468 22,485 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 43,680 19,865 23,820 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,017 8,111 7,956 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 39,900 21,390 18,510 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,532 38,071 23,845 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 59,750 28,890 30,860 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,430 27,940 29,490 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,592 62,061 35,829 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,505 27,945 29,560 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,829 49,579 30,613 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 51,000 25,395 25,600 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,164 61,572 32,874 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 43,500 19,805 23,695 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,862 8,613 9,069 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 39,900 21,405 18,495 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,860 56,595 33,435 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 59,750 28,890 30,860 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 17,125 9,765 7,365 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,234 70,966 43,649 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,606 85,426 53,279 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.2 90.3 79.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 65.3 69.5 58.2 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.8 9.7 20.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 59,750 28,875 30,875 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 2,170 910 1,260 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 57,580 27,970 29,615 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.9 95.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,115 3,275 4,845 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 9,805 3,460 6,345 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 8,260 2,925 5,335 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 6,440 2,730 3,710 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 5,585 2,635 2,950 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 4,180 2,355 1,825 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,270 2,000 1,270 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,495 1,620 875 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,970 1,310 665 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,720 1,095 625 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 5,735 4,575 1,165 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,620 2,815 805 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,120 1,760 360 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 59,750 28,870 30,875 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 2,120 910 1,210 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 57,630 27,965 29,660 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.9 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,540 3,315 5,225 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 10,250 3,630 6,620 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 9,445 3,505 5,940 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 7,515 3,305 4,210 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 6,030 3,195 2,835 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 4,380 2,675 1,705 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 3,115 2,085 1,030 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,595 1,735 860 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 5,755 4,520 1,235 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,675 1,200 470 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,125 865 255 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,965 2,455 505 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 59,750 28,875 30,875 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 19,850 7,485 12,365 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 39,900 21,395 18,505 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 66.8 74.1 59.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,645 4,370 3,285 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 3,215 1,350 1,865 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 4,940 1,930 3,015 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 4,325 1,715 2,615 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 3,810 1,630 2,180 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 3,040 1,470 1,570 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 2,320 1,290 1,025 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 1,825 1,110 715 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 1,475 960 520 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,295 5,570 1,730 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,375 905 475 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,355 855 505 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 4,565 3,815 750 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 31,940 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,050 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,286 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,042 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,843 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 21,340 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,974 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,024 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 31,940 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,384 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,715 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,605 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,517 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,931 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 21,330 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,709 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,020 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 31,935 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 360 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 585 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,130 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,370 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,590 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,355 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,475 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,450 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,400 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,340 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,515 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,285 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,090 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,845 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,610 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,555 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,060 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,065 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,310 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,125 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 31,935 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 380 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 595 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,145 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,420 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,795 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,550 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,675 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,655 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,710 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,540 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,995 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,575 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,430 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,935 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,620 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,920 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,905 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,670 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,340 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 20,560 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,654 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,538 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,240 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,939 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,700 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,315 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,928 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,152 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,570 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,580 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,377 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 20,535 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,818 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,738 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,240 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,572 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,884 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,280 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,866 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,248 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,585 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,491 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,378 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,875 6,200 6,680 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,073 34,883 29,973 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,184 31,430 27,712 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,875 6,240 6,640 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,196 47,618 39,041 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,355 39,161 33,718 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 70,375 34,205 36,165 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 34,145 15,780 18,365 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 7,515 3,575 3,940 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 7,070 2,980 4,090 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 6,645 3,030 3,610 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 6,335 2,990 3,340 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 6,580 3,200 3,380 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 36,235 18,430 17,805 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 6,535 3,265 3,275 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 7,345 3,650 3,700 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 7,295 3,735 3,560 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 7,405 3,815 3,585 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 7,650 3,960 3,685 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 70,370 34,210 36,165 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 12,865 6,500 6,370 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 4,100 2,055 2,040 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 42,950 21,080 21,875 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 14,555 6,630 7,925 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,955 4,910 6,040 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,750 1,360 1,390 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,040 515 525 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 6,755 3,110 3,650 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,445 445 1,005 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 14.4 16.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.4 20.9 21.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.4 25.1 25.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.7 14.8 16.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.9 6.7 12.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 6,040 2,945 3,095 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,320 635 685 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 510 240 265 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 4,450 2,210 2,245 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 275 100 170 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.6 8.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.3 9.8 10.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.4 11.7 13.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 10.5 10.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.5 2.1 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 70,370 34,205 36,165 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 70,125 34,085 36,035 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 70,100 34,080 36,020 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 5,470 2,435 3,030 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 7,420 3,570 3,850 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 90 25 65 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 90 25 65 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 90 25 65 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 90 25 65 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,330 3,540 3,790 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 465 270 195 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 10 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 10 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 460 260 195 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 10 0 10 1,755 905 855
Arabic 405 225 180 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 10 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 15 10 10 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 30 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 25 20 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 35 20 20 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 290 110 180 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 15 10 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 20 15 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 265 95 175 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 20 10 15 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 175 140 35 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 10 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 85 65 25 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 40 30 10 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 70 60 15 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 5,585 2,670 2,915 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 25 15 15 1,135 580 555
Armenian 20 0 15 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 805 350 455 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 20 10 15 635 310 325
Latvian 15 10 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 0 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 790 350 440 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 15 0 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 40 20 20 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 35 10 25 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 45 25 20 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 20 15 0 345 180 160
Polish 340 160 180 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 135 50 90 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 15 0 15 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 90 25 60 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 15 0 725 330 400
Ukrainian 95 40 55 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 30 25 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 15 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,360 640 720 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 0 0 10 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 10 10 10 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 735 340 400 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 45 25 20 120 55 65
German 580 285 295 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 10 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 10 15 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 75 40 30
Greek 255 145 105 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 995 550 445 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 895 500 395 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 50 30 20 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 345 200 145 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 505 290 215 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 10 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165 80 90 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 170 85 85 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 110 55 55 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 25 10 20 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 90 50 40 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 2,220 1,010 1,215 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,050 500 550 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 365 150 215 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 45 15 30 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 810 365 440 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 85 60 20 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 70 35 40 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 165 85 80 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 15 10 10 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 115 50 65 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 15 10 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 75 30 45 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 20 0 15 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 405 180 230 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 370 165 205 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 145 75 70 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 210 80 135 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 40 20 20 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 15 0 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 20 10 15 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 15 0 15 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 115 60 55 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 10 0 495 205 295
Finnish 0 10 0 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 110 50 60 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 70,375 34,210 36,165 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 68,125 33,150 34,980 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,710 6,370 6,335 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 55,420 26,775 28,645 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,250 1,060 1,190 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 70,375 34,205 36,170 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 61,010 29,805 31,210 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 8,810 4,050 4,765 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 5,380 2,550 2,830 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 955 360 595 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 880 405 475 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,115 515 605 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 525 245 275 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 600 270 330 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 480 220 260 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 550 360 190 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 8,810 4,050 4,765 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 1,200 545 655 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 1,670 860 805 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 2,285 980 1,305 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 3,175 1,440 1,740 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 485 220 260 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,810 4,050 4,765 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 1,570 595 980 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10 10 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 45 20 30 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 90 45 50 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 20 10 10 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 110 60 50 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 60 30 30 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 10 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 65 30 40 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 940 280 655 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 220 110 110 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 5,115 2,435 2,675 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 0 15 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 25 10 10 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 45 20 20 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 300 125 175 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 155 85 70 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 95 50 45 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 45 55 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 630 325 310 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 600 310 290 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 200 90 110 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 215 85 130 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 55 15 40 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 25 10 15 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 0 10 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 20 0 20 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,300 1,110 1,190 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 325 155 170 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 315 165 150 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 30 15 15 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 15 10 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 15 15 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 20 15 10 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 215 100 110 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,775 825 950 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 15 10 0 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 200 60 145 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 40 30 15 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 455 230 225 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 80 45 30 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 155 90 65 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 15 10 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 65 25 40 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 50 20 25 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 115 55 60 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 265 105 165 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 10 10 10 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 40 25 20 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 65 25 40 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 210 105 105 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 35 25 10 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 480 220 260 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 110 60 55 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 10 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 160 115 45
Mexico 10 10 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 80 30 50 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 20 10 0 1,855 875 975
Europe 75 15 55 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 10 0 10 545 240