Census Profile, 2016 Census
London, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , London, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : London, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 383,822 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 366,151 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 175,558 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 163,140 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 913.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 420.35 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 383,825 185,610 198,215 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 61,885 31,580 30,300 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 20,300 10,455 9,840 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 21,235 10,835 10,400 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 20,350 10,285 10,060 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 258,180 126,295 131,890 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 22,645 11,520 11,130 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 30,230 15,255 14,975 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 28,585 14,265 14,325 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 26,210 12,870 13,340 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 23,730 11,595 12,135 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 23,070 11,220 11,845 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 24,565 11,960 12,610 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 28,515 13,800 14,715 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 27,210 12,915 14,295 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 23,425 10,890 12,530 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 63,760 27,735 36,020 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 20,555 9,525 11,035 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 14,720 6,720 8,000 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 10,960 4,900 6,065 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 8,345 3,465 4,875 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 9,170 3,120 6,050 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 5,510 2,085 3,430 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 2,895 850 2,045 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 665 170 500 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 95 15 80 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 17.0 15.3 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 67.3 68.0 66.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.6 14.9 18.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.5 39.3 41.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.7 38.1 41.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 163,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 81,145 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,985 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 47,860 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,885 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 20,575 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,360 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 16,870 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 163,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 52,190 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 55,300 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 23,975 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 20,375 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,300 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 378,040 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 321,940 154,030 167,910 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 172,210 85,980 86,230 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 142,360 71,055 71,305 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 29,850 14,930 14,920 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 149,725 68,045 81,680 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 98,445 51,810 46,640 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 11,175 4,655 6,520 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 21,890 8,030 13,860 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 18,220 3,555 14,665 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 104,190 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 53,665 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 22,425 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 19,255 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,840 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 104,190 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 84,235 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 69,310 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 14,920 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 19,955 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 16,135 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 3,820 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 84,230 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 41,405 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 42,825 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 16,845 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 17,705 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 8,275 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 19,955 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 12,260 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 5,580 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 2,115 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 78,910 36,695 42,210 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 163,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 100,215 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 40,005 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,210 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,955 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,975 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 52,190 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,785 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 379,435 183,835 195,600 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 345,330 169,410 175,915 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 225 110 120 1,110 530 580
English and French 27,795 11,815 15,985 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 6,095 2,505 3,585 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 379,440 183,835 195,600 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 366,690 178,300 188,390 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 4,790 2,150 2,635 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,010 945 1,065 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,945 2,435 3,510 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,795 2,625 3,170 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 379,435 183,835 195,605 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 371,865 180,110 191,760 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 293,545 142,635 150,910 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 288,790 140,515 148,280 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 4,750 2,120 2,635 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 78,325 37,480 40,845 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 130 40 85 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 55 15 40 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 20 30 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 15 25 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 50 15 35 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 45 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 78,195 37,435 40,765 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,010 6,645 6,370 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 260 120 140 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 165 95 75
Somali 235 110 125 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 12,720 6,500 6,225 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 260 130 130 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,580 5,415 5,170 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,040 520 520 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 135 75 60 1,770 960 805
Maltese 185 100 85 80 40 40
Tigrigna 250 125 125 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,500 1,140 1,360 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 770 355 415 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,730 785 945 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,880 725 1,155 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 80 25 55 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 5 20 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 165 75 85 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 130 60 65 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,445 540 905 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 30 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,345 710 630 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 55 30 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 825 420 400 1,750 905 845
Tamil 320 170 155 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 140 90 50 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 44,840 21,375 23,465 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,005 520 485 1,090 560 530
Armenian 90 50 45 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 11,180 5,200 5,975 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 215 85 130 645 280 370
Latvian 70 30 40 320 145 175
Lithuanian 145 55 85 325 130 200
Slavic languages 10,960 5,115 5,850 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 10 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 615 300 315 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 75 35 40 1,725 805 915
Croatian 785 390 395 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 350 165 185 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 90 40 50 250 120 135
Polish 5,165 2,375 2,790 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,320 600 720 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 805 415 390 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 330 160 170 1,145 545 600
Slovak 310 140 165 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 80 120 545 250 290
Ukrainian 875 400 470 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 180 90 90
Celtic languages 30 10 15 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 125 65 60
Welsh 10 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 5,110 2,210 2,905 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 60 30 30 1,435 730 705
Danish 170 85 85 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,020 885 1,135 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 40 20 20 80 30 50
German 2,560 1,070 1,485 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 25 10 15 835 410 430
Swedish 60 35 25 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 135 50 85 200 105 95
Yiddish 20 15 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 1,755 870 890 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 8,645 4,475 4,175 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 5,550 2,900 2,650 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 450 230 230 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 700 375 325 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 825 450 375 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 30 10 15 225 110 110
Marathi 80 50 35 535 280 255
Nepali 725 360 365 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,040 565 480 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 60 30 30 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,505 775 730 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,065 1,555 1,510 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 995 525 470 1,650 875 780
Pashto 180 90 90 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,890 945 950 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 17,020 8,045 8,975 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 5 10 125 65 55
Italian 2,930 1,430 1,500 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,605 2,155 2,445 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 810 370 440 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 8,660 4,085 4,575 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 230 90 140 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 2,690 1,250 1,445 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 655 315 340 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 65 35 40 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 15 10 10 35 15 15
Ganda 20 10 15 65 35 30
Igbo 45 25 20 160 90 65
Lingala 20 15 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 105 45 55
Shona 40 15 20 150 70 85
Swahili 130 60 70 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 65 35 30 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 85 105 265 135 135
Dinka 110 50 55 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 190 85 100
Sign languages 160 90 75 620 330 295
American Sign Language 95 55 35 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,725 4,080 4,645 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 8,475 3,955 4,520 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 1,965 930 1,035 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 15 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,825 2,695 3,130 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 50 75 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 40 60 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 225 210 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 125 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 15 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 195 95 100 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 190 80 110 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 120 55 60 800 405 400
Thai 65 25 45 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 440 245 195 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 495 275 225
Turkish 330 180 150 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 25 20 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,190 540 645 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 40 15 25 455 195 260
Finnish 95 40 60 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,055 490 565 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 365 200 170
Multiple responses 7,565 3,725 3,845 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,035 465 570 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 6,050 3,025 3,025 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 240 120 120 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 240 115 130 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 379,435 183,835 195,605 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 362,745 175,735 187,015 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 323,770 157,160 166,610 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 322,205 156,440 165,760 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,570 720 850 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 38,975 18,575 20,405 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 10 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,950 18,560 20,385 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,345 3,615 3,735 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 120 50 75 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 120 50 70 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,210 3,555 3,660 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 115 60 60 535 250 290
Arabic 6,120 3,010 3,115 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 320 335 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 55 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 35 20 785 400 385
Maltese 15 10 10 5 5 0
Tigrigna 100 50 45 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,535 700 835 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 445 205 245 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,090 495 590 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 715 310 405 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 60 30 30 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 25 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 590 255 340 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 700 375 325 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 10 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 475 250 230 885 450 435
Tamil 145 75 65 1,935 965 965
Telugu 60 35 20 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 19,575 9,320 10,260 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 465 225 240 530 255 270
Armenian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,845 2,335 2,505 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 40 15 25 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 10 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,805 2,325 2,485 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 300 150 150 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 290 145 145 1,795 840 955
Czech 100 55 55 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 2,405 1,140 1,265 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 710 345 360 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 395 210 180 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 435 205 235
Slovak 85 40 45 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 60 25 35
Ukrainian 255 120 140 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 395 185 210 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 10 15 520 250 265
Danish 15 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 95 50 45 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 245 110 135 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 715 340 380 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,080 2,535 2,550 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,175 1,595 1,585 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 255 130 125 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 350 175 180 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 410 215 195 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 40 20 15 245 125 120
Nepali 660 320 340 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 530 270 255 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 5 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 30 595 290 305
Urdu 840 415 425 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,895 935 955 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 600 305 300 1,025 515 505
Pashto 105 50 55 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,180 580 600 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 8,040 3,680 4,355 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 730 315 415 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,790 820 970 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 320 155 170 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,185 2,385 2,800 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 90 45 45 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 2,020 925 1,090 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 55 20 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 35 105 50 55
Dinka 35 15 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 185 100 85 830 460 370
American Sign Language 100 55 40 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 45 40 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,925 2,770 3,160 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,765 2,690 3,075 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,135 520 610 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,230 1,960 2,270 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 30 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 160 135 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 80 80 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 140 65 70 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 65 30 35 1,015 435 580
Lao 40 20 20 335 160 175
Thai 30 15 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 225 115 110 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 165 80 85 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 20 10 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 310 150 160 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 0 75 30 45
Finnish 5 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 300 145 155 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 16,685 8,100 8,590 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 700 315 380 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 15,510 7,570 7,940 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 85 35 55 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 395 180 210 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 379,435 183,835 195,600 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 331,785 161,040 170,750 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 17,425 8,500 8,920 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 4,350 1,765 2,585 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 24,985 12,105 12,885 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 210 85 130 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 24,775 12,020 12,755 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 190 80 105 965 435 530
English and non-official language 275 150 130 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 415 190 225 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 316,310 151,795 164,520 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,895 145,275 157,620 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,599 37,171 29,160 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,955 145,285 157,670 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,847 33,490 26,981 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 266,180 129,710 136,470 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,794 37,224 27,119 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 226,435 101,370 125,065 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,893 2,432 6,249 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 218,330 110,850 107,480 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,141 35,864 29,087 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 316,315 151,785 164,525 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,850 145,205 157,650 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,663 49,691 38,110 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,920 145,210 157,710 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,680 40,932 32,766 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 266,335 129,795 136,545 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,227 50,266 36,536 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 226,850 101,750 125,105 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,539 6,793 8,147 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 218,330 110,710 107,620 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,102 47,369 36,683 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 316,310 151,785 164,525 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 103,075 55,725 47,345 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,181 55,084 47,628 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,918 66,188 54,715 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.1 90.6 82.9 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.7 73.2 65.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.9 9.4 17.1 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 316,310 151,795 164,520 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 13,420 6,515 6,900 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 302,895 145,275 157,615 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 45,880 21,520 24,360 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 53,580 22,255 31,325 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 42,620 17,775 24,850 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 34,945 15,545 19,400 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 32,230 15,165 17,065 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 23,950 12,205 11,740 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 18,120 9,920 8,200 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 12,875 7,155 5,715 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 9,520 5,385 4,135 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 8,805 4,675 4,130 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 20,370 13,675 6,695 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 13,740 8,920 4,820 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 6,630 4,755 1,875 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 316,315 151,795 164,515 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 13,355 6,515 6,845 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 302,955 145,280 157,675 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.7 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 47,025 21,770 25,260 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 55,960 23,315 32,645 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 49,195 20,935 28,255 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 42,650 19,455 23,190 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 35,335 17,415 17,915 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 24,015 13,025 10,990 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 15,700 8,875 6,825 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 12,330 6,730 5,605 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 20,735 13,755 6,985 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 6,965 4,215 2,755 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,160 2,760 1,395 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 9,615 6,775 2,835 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 316,310 151,795 164,515 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 97,985 40,945 57,040 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 218,330 110,850 107,480 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.0 73.0 65.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 31,640 15,860 15,780 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 18,490 8,445 10,040 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 29,830 13,685 16,140 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 24,215 11,305 12,910 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 22,830 10,425 12,405 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 22,240 10,710 11,535 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 16,860 8,905 7,950 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 12,915 7,195 5,720 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 9,435 5,395 4,045 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 29,880 18,920 10,960 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 7,520 4,220 3,295 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 7,370 3,970 3,400 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 14,995 10,735 4,260 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 163,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,011 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,255 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,195 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,426 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,196 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 110,950 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,366 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,380 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 163,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,055 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,108 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 52,155 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,976 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,097 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 110,985 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,479 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,681 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 163,140 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,760 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,270 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,685 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,085 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,890 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,335 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,480 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,735 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,645 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,505 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,655 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,030 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,680 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,270 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,395 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,705 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,260 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,890 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,320 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,230 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 163,140 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,890 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,310 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,770 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,420 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,875 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,285 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,760 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,135 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,035 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,655 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,415 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,295 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,795 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,935 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,850 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,715 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,790 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,780 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,140 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 103,940 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,231 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,739 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,165 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,959 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,621 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 43,110 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,089 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,951 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,845 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,671 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,948 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 103,940 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,561 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,210 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,110 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,368 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,518 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 43,240 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,270 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,802 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,775 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,544 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,022 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,430 33,610 37,825 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,925 28,276 29,491 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,809 26,096 27,342 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 71,290 33,895 37,390 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,872 39,876 37,962 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,084 33,393 32,804 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 378,040 183,295 194,750 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 204,490 97,145 107,340 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 52,090 25,315 26,780 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 41,090 18,580 22,510 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 37,850 17,815 20,035 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 37,205 17,835 19,365 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 36,260 17,600 18,660 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 173,550 86,145 87,405 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 35,820 17,505 18,320 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 35,500 17,465 18,035 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 35,845 17,870 17,970 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 34,670 17,240 17,430 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 31,715 16,070 15,640 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 378,040 183,295 194,745 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 74,290 37,945 36,345 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 24,310 12,520 11,785 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 243,980 118,780 125,195 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 59,770 26,570 33,205 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 71,030 33,265 37,765 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 18,490 9,425 9,070 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 6,535 3,360 3,175 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 45,365 21,285 24,075 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,170 2,550 4,620 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 18.1 19.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 24.9 24.8 25.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 26.9 26.8 26.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.6 17.9 19.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 43,860 21,640 22,220 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 9,905 5,075 4,835 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,640 1,875 1,765 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 32,390 15,920 16,465 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,565 645 920 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.6 11.8 11.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.4 13.3 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.0 15.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 13.4 13.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.4 2.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 378,040 183,295 194,750 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 371,950 180,845 191,105 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 371,650 180,695 190,960 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 27,820 11,845 15,975 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 97,285 46,925 50,365 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 295 90 200 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 145 50 100 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 45 85 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 125 40 90 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 135 40 95 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 10 10 10 0
Oneida 110 35 80 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 96,995 46,830 50,165 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,875 8,685 8,190 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 10 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 415 185 235 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 395 170 230 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,435 8,490 7,940 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 415 210 200 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,400 7,440 6,960 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,360 680 680 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 135 115 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 325 185 140 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 240 125 115 165 90 80
Tigrigna 410 200 215 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,340 1,540 1,800 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,140 555 585 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,210 995 1,215 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,575 1,005 1,570 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 20 0 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 130 35 90 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 35 15 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 230 90 140 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 10 0 10 0 0
Malay 185 95 90 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,260 850 1,405 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 215 110 110 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 15 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 45 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,785 885 900 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 165 85 80 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,025 485 535 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 555 290 260 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 205 110 100 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 57,520 27,650 29,870 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,120 570 545 1,135 580 555
Armenian 145 60 85 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 13,220 6,480 6,740 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 255 110 145 635 310 325
Latvian 110 60 55 310 175 140
Lithuanian 145 55 90 325 135 185
Slavic languages 12,980 6,375 6,610 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 35 40 205 95 110
Bosnian 890 475 410 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 90 35 50 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,215 625 595 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 420 220 205 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 150 70 80 345 180 160
Polish 6,100 2,985 3,115 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,280 1,100 1,180 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,340 695 645 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 450 210 250 1,240 595 645
Slovak 365 185 180 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 100 135 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,020 445 580 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 120 55 65 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 55 20 30 350 225 120
Welsh 25 0 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 7,095 3,280 3,810 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 175 85 90 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 245 110 135 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,255 905 1,350 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 55 30 30 120 55 65
German 4,195 2,050 2,140 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 70 35 35 1,405 730 680
Swedish 170 85 85 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 55 45 220 125 100
Yiddish 30 25 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 2,540 1,310 1,230 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 11,000 5,515 5,485 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 7,775 3,955 3,830 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 530 250 280 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 870 485 390 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,025 1,615 1,415 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 10 10 375 185 190
Marathi 100 50 50 1,275 650 625
Nepali 860 425 435 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,920 1,030 895 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 120 50 70 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 65 95 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,450 1,210 1,240 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,340 1,630 1,705 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,040 540 500 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 280 145 130 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,195 1,040 1,160 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 23,775 11,135 12,645 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 0 10 245 125 120
Italian 4,470 2,170 2,300 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 5,875 2,795 3,080 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,020 485 540 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 13,155 6,020 7,140 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 220 130 85
Japanese 715 335 375 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 3,020 1,440 1,580 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,245 675 575 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 155 75 80 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 20 0 20 95 60 35
Ganda 30 15 15 105 60 45
Igbo 60 40 25 240 140 95
Lingala 90 55 35 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 35 15 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 25 35 210 95 115
Shona 60 30 30 265 125 140
Swahili 340 165 175 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 245 150 90 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 165 145 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 220 115 105 300 150 150
Dinka 35 20 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 250 120 135
Sign languages 830 320 505 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 480 175 310 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 355 155 205 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,165 4,375 4,795 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 8,940 4,255 4,685 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,405 1,120 1,280 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 10 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 6,765 3,190 3,575 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 60 105 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 70 110 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 205 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 120 110 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 55 35 20 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 125 65 65 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 235 105 130 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 180 90 95 1,125 505 620
Thai 80 25 55 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 670 365 305 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 110 55 55 835 455 385
Turkish 500 275 225 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 35 15 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,425 685 745 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 35 25 495 205 295
Finnish 90 50 40 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,280 600 675 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 378,040 183,295 194,745 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 351,685 170,420 181,265 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,015 35,775 34,240 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 281,670 134,645 147,025 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 26,360 12,875 13,480 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 378,040 183,295 194,745 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 286,305 139,100 147,205 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 83,765 40,060 43,710 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 26,550 12,620 13,935 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 11,660 5,615 6,050 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 14,625 7,085 7,535 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 19,335 9,140 10,200 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,065 4,260 4,805 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,270 4,880 5,390 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,595 5,605 5,990 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,970 4,140 3,830 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 83,765 40,055 43,710 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 10,260 5,165 5,095 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 17,280 8,885 8,395 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 17,720 7,960 9,765 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 32,605 15,295 17,310 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 5,900 2,755 3,145 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 83,770 40,055 43,710 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 14,380 6,630 7,745 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 320 175 150 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,345 1,505 1,840 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,605 755 855 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 490 225 270 920 415 500
Haiti 105 50 55 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,115 570 545 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 565 245 325 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 140 60 85 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 610 285 325 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,590 1,560 2,030 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,485 1,210 1,270 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 33,135 15,900 17,235 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,125 585 545 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 835 425 410 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 270 130 135 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,965 970 995 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,115 565 545 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 800 385 420 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 535 290 245 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,120 1,120 1,005 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,880 860 1,020 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,250 1,965 2,285 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 3,365 1,665 1,695 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 925 450 470 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 505 230 275 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 505 260 250 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 615 250 365 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,845 4,025 4,820 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,490 1,725 1,760 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 5,245 2,635 2,615 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 85 50 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,070 570 500 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 310 145 170 1,665 835 825
Kenya 280 130 150 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 30 10 20 730 385 340
Nigeria 305 165 140 1,205 630 575
Somalia 225 115 115 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 450 245 205 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,480 1,210 1,275 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 30,710 14,705 16,005 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 605 300 305 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 325 155 165 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,800 1,680 2,115 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 660 315 345 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,315 1,680 1,640 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,135 540 600 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,740 1,375 1,360 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 185 65 125 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,065 980 1,080 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,745 910 840 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,530 770 765 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,265 840 1,425 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 255 115 135 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,125 1,045 1,080 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 170 70 100 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,635 725 910 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 6,160 3,145 3,015 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 300 185 110 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,595 5,605 5,990 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 1,885 840 1,045 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 40 20 20 960 445 520
Colombia 600 225 370 465 220 240
Cuba 65 30 35 70 35 30
Haiti 50 25 25 15 0 10
Jamaica 125 80 40 160 115 45
Mexico 95 35 60 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 475 235 240 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 75 30 45 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 365 155 210 1,855 875 975
Europe 850 455 395 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 35 15 20 790 415 370
Germany 50 20 25 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania