Census Profile, 2016 Census
London, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , London, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : London, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 383,822 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 366,151 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.8 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 175,558 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 163,140 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 913.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 420.35 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 383,825 185,610 198,215 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 61,885 31,580 30,300 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 20,300 10,455 9,840 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 21,235 10,835 10,400 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 20,350 10,285 10,060 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 258,180 126,295 131,890 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 22,645 11,520 11,130 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 30,230 15,255 14,975 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 28,585 14,265 14,325 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 26,210 12,870 13,340 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 23,730 11,595 12,135 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 23,070 11,220 11,845 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 24,565 11,960 12,610 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 28,515 13,800 14,715 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 27,210 12,915 14,295 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 23,425 10,890 12,530 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 63,760 27,735 36,020 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 20,555 9,525 11,035 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 14,720 6,720 8,000 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 10,960 4,900 6,065 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 8,345 3,465 4,875 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 9,170 3,120 6,050 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 5,510 2,085 3,430 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 2,895 850 2,045 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 665 170 500 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 95 15 80 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 17.0 15.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.3 68.0 66.5 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.6 14.9 18.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.5 39.3 41.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.7 38.1 41.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 163,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 81,145 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,985 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 47,860 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,885 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 20,575 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,360 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 16,870 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 175 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 145 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 163,140 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 52,190 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 55,300 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 23,975 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 20,375 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,300 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 378,040 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 321,940 154,030 167,910 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 172,210 85,980 86,230 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 142,360 71,055 71,305 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 29,850 14,930 14,920 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 149,725 68,045 81,680 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 98,445 51,810 46,640 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 11,175 4,655 6,520 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 21,890 8,030 13,860 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 18,220 3,555 14,665 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 104,190 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 53,665 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 22,425 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 19,255 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,840 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 104,190 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 84,235 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 69,310 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 14,920 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 19,955 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 16,135 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 3,820 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 84,230 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 41,405 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 42,825 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 16,845 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 17,705 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 8,275 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 19,955 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 12,260 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 5,580 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 2,115 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 78,910 36,695 42,210 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 163,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 100,215 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 40,005 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,210 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,955 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,975 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 52,190 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 8,785 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 379,435 183,835 195,600 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 345,330 169,410 175,915 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 225 110 120 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 27,795 11,815 15,985 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 6,095 2,505 3,585 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 379,440 183,835 195,600 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 366,690 178,300 188,390 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 4,790 2,150 2,635 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,010 945 1,065 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,945 2,435 3,510 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,795 2,625 3,170 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 379,435 183,835 195,605 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 371,865 180,110 191,760 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 293,545 142,635 150,910 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 288,790 140,515 148,280 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 4,750 2,120 2,635 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 78,325 37,480 40,845 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 130 40 85 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 55 15 40 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 50 20 30 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 45 15 25 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 50 15 35 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 45 15 30 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 78,195 37,435 40,765 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,010 6,645 6,370 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 15 10 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 10 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 260 120 140 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 0 5 250 140 110
Oromo 15 5 10 1,445 720 730
Somali 235 110 125 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 12,720 6,500 6,225 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 260 130 130 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 10,580 5,415 5,170 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,040 520 520 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 135 75 60 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 185 100 85 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 250 125 125 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,500 1,140 1,360 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 770 355 415 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,730 785 945 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,880 725 1,155 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 80 25 55 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 25 5 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 165 75 85 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 130 60 65 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,445 540 905 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 70 30 40 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 10 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,345 710 630 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 55 30 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 825 420 400 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 320 170 155 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 140 90 50 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 44,840 21,375 23,465 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,005 520 485 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 90 50 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 11,180 5,200 5,975 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 215 85 130 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 70 30 40 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 145 55 85 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 10,960 5,115 5,850 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 615 300 315 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 75 35 40 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 785 390 395 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 350 165 185 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 90 40 50 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 5,165 2,375 2,790 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,320 600 720 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 805 415 390 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 330 160 170 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 310 140 165 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 200 80 120 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 875 400 470 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 30 10 15 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 450 210 240
Welsh 10 5 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 5,110 2,210 2,905 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 60 30 30 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 170 85 85 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,020 885 1,135 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 40 20 20 1,240 630 620
German 2,560 1,070 1,485 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 10 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 25 10 15 940 405 540
Swedish 60 35 25 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 135 50 85 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 20 15 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,755 870 890 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 8,645 4,475 4,175 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 5,550 2,900 2,650 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 450 230 230 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 700 375 325 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 825 450 375 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 30 10 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 80 50 35 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 725 360 365 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,040 565 480 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 60 30 30 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 130 65 65 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,505 775 730 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 3,065 1,555 1,510 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 995 525 470 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 180 90 90 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,890 945 950 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 17,020 8,045 8,975 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 15 5 10 285 150 135
Italian 2,930 1,430 1,500 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 4,605 2,155 2,445 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 810 370 440 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 8,660 4,085 4,575 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 230 90 140 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,690 1,250 1,445 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 655 315 340 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 65 35 40 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 15 10 10 600 275 325
Ganda 20 10 15 760 360 400
Igbo 45 25 20 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 20 15 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 20 1,330 545 785
Shona 40 15 20 1,455 660 790
Swahili 130 60 70 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 65 35 30 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 85 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 85 105 1,610 810 800
Dinka 110 50 55 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 160 90 75 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 95 55 35 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,725 4,080 4,645 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 8,475 3,955 4,520 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,965 930 1,035 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 15 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 5,825 2,695 3,130 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 50 75 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 40 60 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 435 225 210 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 245 125 125 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 30 15 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 195 95 100 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 190 80 110 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 120 55 60 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 65 25 45 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 440 245 195 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 330 180 150 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 25 20 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,190 540 645 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 40 15 25 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 95 40 60 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,055 490 565 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 7,565 3,725 3,845 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,035 465 570 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 6,050 3,025 3,025 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 240 120 120 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 240 115 130 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 379,435 183,835 195,605 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 362,745 175,735 187,015 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 323,770 157,160 166,610 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 322,205 156,440 165,760 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,570 720 850 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 38,975 18,575 20,405 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 30 10 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 5 0 185 80 100
Oneida 10 5 10 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,950 18,560 20,385 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,345 3,615 3,735 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 5 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 120 50 75 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 120 50 70 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 7,210 3,555 3,660 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 115 60 60 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 6,120 3,010 3,115 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 320 335 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 55 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 55 35 20 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 15 10 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 100 50 45 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,535 700 835 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 445 205 245 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 1,090 495 590 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 715 310 405 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 5 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 60 30 30 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 45 25 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 590 255 340 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 15 5 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 700 375 325 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 15 10 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 475 250 230 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 145 75 65 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 60 35 20 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 19,575 9,320 10,260 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 465 225 240 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 35 15 20 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 4,845 2,335 2,505 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 40 15 25 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 30 10 20 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 4,805 2,325 2,485 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 10 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 300 150 150 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 40 20 20 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 290 145 145 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 100 55 55 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 35 15 20 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,405 1,140 1,265 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 710 345 360 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 395 210 180 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 140 65 75 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 85 40 45 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 255 120 140 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 395 185 210 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 20 10 15 755 365 390
Danish 15 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 95 50 45 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 245 110 135 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 0 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 715 340 380 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 5,080 2,535 2,550 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 3,175 1,595 1,585 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 255 130 125 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 350 175 180 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 410 215 195 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 40 20 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 660 320 340 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 530 270 255 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 15 5 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 30 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 840 415 425 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,895 935 955 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 600 305 300 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 105 50 55 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,180 580 600 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 8,040 3,680 4,355 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 10 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 730 315 415 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,790 820 970 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 320 155 170 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 5,185 2,385 2,800 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 90 45 45 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 2,020 925 1,090 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 170 70 105 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 5 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 10 540 265 275
Lingala 5 5 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 5 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 55 20 35 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 35 550 260 290
Dinka 35 15 15 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 425 195 225
Sign languages 185 100 85 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 100 55 40 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 45 40 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,925 2,770 3,160 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 5,765 2,690 3,075 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 1,135 520 610 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 4,230 1,960 2,270 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 30 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 290 160 135 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 160 80 80 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 15 5 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 140 65 70 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 65 30 35 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 40 20 20 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 30 15 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 225 115 110 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 165 80 85 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 20 10 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 310 150 160 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 300 145 155 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 16,685 8,100 8,590 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 700 315 380 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 15,510 7,570 7,940 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 85 35 55 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 395 180 210 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 379,435 183,835 195,600 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 331,785 161,040 170,750 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 17,425 8,500 8,920 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 4,350 1,765 2,585 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 24,985 12,105 12,885 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 210 85 130 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 24,775 12,020 12,755 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 190 80 105 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 275 150 130 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 415 190 225 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 316,310 151,795 164,520 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,895 145,275 157,620 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,599 37,171 29,160 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 302,955 145,285 157,670 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,847 33,490 26,981 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 266,180 129,710 136,470 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,794 37,224 27,119 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 226,435 101,370 125,065 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,893 2,432 6,249 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 218,330 110,850 107,480 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,141 35,864 29,087 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 316,315 151,785 164,525 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,850 145,205 157,650 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,663 49,691 38,110 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 302,920 145,210 157,710 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,680 40,932 32,766 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 266,335 129,795 136,545 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,227 50,266 36,536 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 226,850 101,750 125,105 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,539 6,793 8,147 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 218,330 110,710 107,620 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,102 47,369 36,683 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 316,310 151,785 164,525 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 103,075 55,725 47,345 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,181 55,084 47,628 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,918 66,188 54,715 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.1 90.6 82.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.7 73.2 65.5 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.9 9.4 17.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 316,310 151,795 164,520 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 13,420 6,515 6,900 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 302,895 145,275 157,615 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 45,880 21,520 24,360 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 53,580 22,255 31,325 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 42,620 17,775 24,850 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 34,945 15,545 19,400 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 32,230 15,165 17,065 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 23,950 12,205 11,740 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 18,120 9,920 8,200 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 12,875 7,155 5,715 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 9,520 5,385 4,135 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 8,805 4,675 4,130 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 20,370 13,675 6,695 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 13,740 8,920 4,820 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 6,630 4,755 1,875 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 316,315 151,795 164,515 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 13,355 6,515 6,845 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 302,955 145,280 157,675 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 47,025 21,770 25,260 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 55,960 23,315 32,645 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 49,195 20,935 28,255 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 42,650 19,455 23,190 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 35,335 17,415 17,915 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 24,015 13,025 10,990 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 15,700 8,875 6,825 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 12,330 6,730 5,605 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 20,735 13,755 6,985 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 6,965 4,215 2,755 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 4,160 2,760 1,395 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 9,615 6,775 2,835 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 316,310 151,795 164,515 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 97,985 40,945 57,040 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 218,330 110,850 107,480 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.0 73.0 65.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 31,640 15,860 15,780 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 18,490 8,445 10,040 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 29,830 13,685 16,140 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 24,215 11,305 12,910 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 22,830 10,425 12,405 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 22,240 10,710 11,535 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 16,860 8,905 7,950 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 12,915 7,195 5,720 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 9,435 5,395 4,045 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 29,880 18,920 10,960 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 7,520 4,220 3,295 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 7,370 3,970 3,400 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 14,995 10,735 4,260 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 163,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,011 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,255 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 52,195 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,426 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,196 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 110,950 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,366 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,380 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 163,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,055 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,108 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 52,155 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,976 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,097 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 110,985 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,479 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,681 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 163,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,760 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,270 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,685 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,085 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,890 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,335 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,480 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,735 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,645 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,505 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,655 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,030 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,680 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,270 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,395 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 43,705 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,260 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,890 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 10,320 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 8,230 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 163,140 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,890 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,310 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,770 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,420 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 8,875 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,285 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,760 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,135 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,035 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,655 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 15,415 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,295 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,795 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,935 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,850 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 31,715 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,790 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,780 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,140 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 103,940 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,231 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,739 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,165 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,959 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,621 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 43,110 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,089 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,951 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,845 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,671 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,948 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 103,940 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,561 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,210 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,110 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,368 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,518 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 43,240 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,270 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,802 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,775 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,544 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,022 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,430 33,610 37,825 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,925 28,276 29,491 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,809 26,096 27,342 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 71,290 33,895 37,390 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,872 39,876 37,962 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,084 33,393 32,804 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 378,040 183,295 194,750 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 204,490 97,145 107,340 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 52,090 25,315 26,780 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 41,090 18,580 22,510 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 37,850 17,815 20,035 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 37,205 17,835 19,365 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 36,260 17,600 18,660 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 173,550 86,145 87,405 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 35,820 17,505 18,320 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 35,500 17,465 18,035 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 35,845 17,870 17,970 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 34,670 17,240 17,430 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 31,715 16,070 15,640 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 378,040 183,295 194,745 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 74,290 37,945 36,345 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 24,310 12,520 11,785 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 243,980 118,780 125,195 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 59,770 26,570 33,205 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 71,030 33,265 37,765 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 18,490 9,425 9,070 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 6,535 3,360 3,175 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 45,365 21,285 24,075 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 7,170 2,550 4,620 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 18.1 19.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 24.9 24.8 25.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 26.9 26.8 26.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 18.6 17.9 19.2 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 43,860 21,640 22,220 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 9,905 5,075 4,835 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 3,640 1,875 1,765 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 32,390 15,920 16,465 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,565 645 920 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.6 11.8 11.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.4 13.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.0 15.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 13.4 13.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.4 2.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 378,040 183,295 194,750 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 371,950 180,845 191,105 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 371,650 180,695 190,960 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 27,820 11,845 15,975 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 97,285 46,925 50,365 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 295 90 200 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 145 50 100 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 45 85 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 125 40 90 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 135 40 95 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 10 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 10 10 1,625 710 915
Oneida 110 35 80 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 96,995 46,830 50,165 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,875 8,685 8,190 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 10 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 415 185 235 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 15 10 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 395 170 230 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 16,435 8,490 7,940 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 415 210 200 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 14,400 7,440 6,960 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,360 680 680 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 250 135 115 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 325 185 140 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 240 125 115 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 410 200 215 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,340 1,540 1,800 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,140 555 585 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 2,210 995 1,215 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,575 1,005 1,570 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 20 0 15 755 340 425
Cebuano 130 35 90 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 35 15 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 230 90 140 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 10 0 215 115 100
Malay 185 95 90 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,260 850 1,405 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 215 110 110 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 30 15 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 45 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,785 885 900 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 165 85 80 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 1,025 485 535 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 555 290 260 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 205 110 100 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 57,520 27,650 29,870 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,120 570 545 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 145 60 85 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 13,220 6,480 6,740 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 255 110 145 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 110 60 55 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 145 55 90 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 12,980 6,375 6,610 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 75 35 40 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 890 475 410 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 90 35 50 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,215 625 595 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 420 220 205 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 150 70 80 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 6,100 2,985 3,115 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,280 1,100 1,180 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 1,340 695 645 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 450 210 250 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 365 185 180 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 100 135 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,020 445 580 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 120 55 65 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 55 20 30 1,480 720 765
Welsh 25 0 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 7,095 3,280 3,810 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 175 85 90 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 245 110 135 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,255 905 1,350 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 55 30 30 1,655 820 835
German 4,195 2,050 2,140 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 15 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 70 35 35 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 170 85 85 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 55 45 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 30 25 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,540 1,310 1,230 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 11,000 5,515 5,485 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 7,775 3,955 3,830 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 530 250 280 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 870 485 390 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,025 1,615 1,415 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 10 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 100 50 50 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 860 425 435 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,920 1,030 895 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 120 50 70 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 65 95 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 2,450 1,210 1,240 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 3,340 1,630 1,705 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,040 540 500 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 280 145 130 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,195 1,040 1,160 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 23,775 11,135 12,645 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 15 0 10 515 275 240
Italian 4,470 2,170 2,300 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 5,875 2,795 3,080 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,020 485 540 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 13,155 6,020 7,140 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,355 745 605
Japanese 715 335 375 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 3,020 1,440 1,580 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,245 675 575 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 155 75 80 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 20 0 20 1,340 645 695
Ganda 30 15 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 60 40 25 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 90 55 35 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 35 15 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 25 35 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 60 30 30 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 340 165 175 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 245 150 90 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 310 165 145 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 220 115 105 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 35 20 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 830 320 505 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 480 175 310 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 355 155 205 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,165 4,375 4,795 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 8,940 4,255 4,685 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 2,405 1,120 1,280 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 20 10 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 6,765 3,190 3,575 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 15 0 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 165 60 105 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 70 110 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 220 205 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 230 120 110 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 55 35 20 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 125 65 65 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 10 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 235 105 130 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 180 90 95 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 80 25 55 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 670 365 305 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 110 55 55 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 500 275 225 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 55 35 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 15 0 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,425 685 745 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 60 35 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 90 50 40 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,280 600 675 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 378,040 183,295 194,745 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 351,685 170,420 181,265 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 70,015 35,775 34,240 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 281,670 134,645 147,025 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 26,360 12,875 13,480 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 378,040 183,295 194,745 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 286,305 139,100 147,205 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 83,765 40,060 43,710 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 26,550 12,620 13,935 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 11,660 5,615 6,050 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 14,625 7,085 7,535 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 19,335 9,140 10,200 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 9,065 4,260 4,805 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 10,270 4,880 5,390 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,595 5,605 5,990 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,970 4,140 3,830 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 83,765 40,055 43,710 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 10,260 5,165 5,095 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 17,280 8,885 8,395 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 17,720 7,960 9,765 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 32,605 15,295 17,310 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 5,900 2,755 3,145 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 83,770 40,055 43,710 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 14,380 6,630 7,745 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 320 175 150 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 3,345 1,505 1,840 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,605 755 855 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 490 225 270 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 105 50 55 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,115 570 545 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 565 245 325 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 140 60 85 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 610 285 325 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,590 1,560 2,030 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,485 1,210 1,270 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 33,135 15,900 17,235 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,125 585 545 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 835 425 410 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 270 130 135 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,965 970 995 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,115 565 545 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 800 385 420 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 535 290 245 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,120 1,120 1,005 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,880 860 1,020 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,250 1,965 2,285 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 3,365 1,665 1,695 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 925 450 470 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 505 230 275 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 505 260 250 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 615 250 365 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 8,845 4,025 4,820 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,490 1,725 1,760 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,245 2,635 2,615 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 85 50 40 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,070 570 500 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 310 145 170 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 280 130 150 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 30 10 20 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 305 165 140 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 225 115 115 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 450 245 205 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,480 1,210 1,275 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 30,710 14,705 16,005 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 605 300 305 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 325 155 165 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,800 1,680 2,115 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 660 315 345 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 3,315 1,680 1,640 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,135 540 600 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 2,740 1,375 1,360 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 185 65 125 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,065 980 1,080 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,745 910 840 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,530 770 765 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,265 840 1,425 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 255 115 135 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,125 1,045 1,080 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 170 70 100 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,635 725 910 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 6,160 3,145 3,015 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 300 185 110 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,595 5,605 5,990 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,885 840 1,045 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 40 20 20 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 600 225 370 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 65 30 35 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 50 25 25 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 125 80 40 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 95 35 60 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 475 235 240 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 75 30 45 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 365 155 210 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 850 455 395 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 35 15 20 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 50 20 25 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania