Census Profile, 2016 Census
Owen Sound, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Owen Sound, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Owen Sound, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Owen Sound, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 21,341 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 21,688 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 10,098 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 9,630 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 879.2 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 24.27 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 21,340 9,895 11,450 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 3,075 1,555 1,525 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 1,040 550 490 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 1,025 520 505 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 1,010 485 525 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 12,940 6,180 6,765 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 1,100 550 545 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 1,255 630 630 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 1,275 625 650 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 1,170 565 605 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 1,065 505 560 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 1,065 500 565 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 1,210 570 635 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 1,565 730 845 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 1,705 790 920 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 1,525 710 810 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 5,325 2,160 3,160 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 1,410 640 770 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 1,055 455 600 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 880 380 500 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 860 325 535 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,120 360 760 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 680 240 445 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 325 100 230 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 95 20 80 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 15 5 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.4 15.7 13.3 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 60.6 62.5 59.1 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 25.0 21.8 27.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 5.2 3.6 6.6 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 45.6 43.5 47.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 47.8 45.1 50.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 9,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 4,990 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 765 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 3,835 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 430 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 665 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 255 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,465 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 20 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 35 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 9,630 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 3,585 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 3,450 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 1,200 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 905 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 490 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 20,340 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 18,265 8,340 9,925 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 9,570 4,755 4,820 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 7,505 3,725 3,780 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 2,065 1,025 1,040 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 8,695 3,590 5,110 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 4,640 2,450 2,190 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 675 270 410 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 1,545 530 1,020 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 1,830 335 1,495 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 5,840 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 3,485 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 1,140 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 835 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 380 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 5,845 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 4,630 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 3,600 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,035 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,210 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 1,000 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 210 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 4,630 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 2,720 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 1,910 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 810 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 745 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 355 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,210 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 765 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 325 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 115 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 4,605 1,960 2,645 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 9,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 5,635 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 2,645 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,990 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 100 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 3,895 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 3,580 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 310 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 20,830 9,705 11,120 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 19,400 9,095 10,310 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 5 0 5 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 1,375 580 795 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 45 25 25 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 20,825 9,705 11,120 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 20,585 9,590 11,000 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 180 85 95 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 15 5 10 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 40 25 25 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 190 90 100 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 0.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 20,825 9,705 11,125 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 20,710 9,655 11,060 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 19,885 9,290 10,595 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 19,690 9,200 10,495 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 190 90 100 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 825 360 465 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 825 360 460 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 55 30 25 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 0 0 0 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 50 25 20 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 0 0 0 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 45 20 20 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 0 0 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 0 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 5 0 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 5 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 15 10 5 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 40 10 25 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 0 0 0 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 5 5 0 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 0 0 0 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 10 25 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 0 0 0 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 20 10 10 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 0 0 0 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 10 10 5 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 5 5 5 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 0 0 0 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 535 240 295 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 5 0 5 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 5 0 0 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 95 40 55 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 5 5 5 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 5 5 0 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 0 5 0 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 90 40 55 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 0 0 0 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 0 0 0 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 10 5 0 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 5 0 0 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 5 0 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 25 15 15 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 10 5 10 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 10 5 5 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 5 0 5 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 15 0 15 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 260 115 150 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 0 0 0 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 5 5 0 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 105 40 60 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 150 65 85 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 0 0 940 405 540
Swedish 0 0 0 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 15 10 5 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 85 45 45 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 80 35 45 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 0 0 0 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 20 15 10 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 15 5 10 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 0 0 0 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 0 0 0 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 5 0 0 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 10 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 5 5 0 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 10 0 5 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 5 5 5 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 0 0 0 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 0 0 0 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 5 5 0 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 60 25 35 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 10 10 5 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 10 5 5 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 10 5 5 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 30 10 20 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 10 0 10 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 50 15 35 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 0 0 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 0 0 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 5 0 0 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 0 0 0 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 5 0 0 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 30 25 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 50 25 30 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 30 15 15 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 0 0 0 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 20 15 10 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 0 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 0 0 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 0 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 0 0 0 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 0 0 0 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 40 15 25 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 0 0 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 10 5 5 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 30 15 15 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 115 55 60 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 45 20 30 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 70 30 35 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 0 0 0 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 20,825 9,705 11,120 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 20,675 9,645 11,030 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 20,395 9,515 10,875 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 20,325 9,490 10,840 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 65 30 35 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 275 125 155 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 275 125 155 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 40 20 15 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 0 0 0 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 35 15 15 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 25 15 10 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 5 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 10 10 0 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 15 5 15 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 0 0 0 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 0 0 0 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 0 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 5 5 5 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 0 0 0 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 0 0 0 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 100 50 55 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 5 0 5 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 0 0 0 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 15 10 5 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 0 0 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 15 10 5 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 0 0 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 0 5 5 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 0 0 0 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 5 5 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 5 5 5 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 0 0 0 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 5 5 0 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 0 0 0 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 0 0 0 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 15 5 10 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 5 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 10 5 10 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 10 5 0 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 40 20 20 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 40 15 20 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 5 5 5 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 15 10 10 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 5 5 0 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 5 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 10 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 0 0 0 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5 0 0 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 0 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 0 0 0 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 10 5 5 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 0 0 0 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 5 0 0 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 0 0 0 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 10 5 5 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 0 0 0 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 40 10 30 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 0 0 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 5 0 0 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 20 20 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 45 20 20 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 25 15 15 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 15 5 10 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 0 0 0 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 15 5 10 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 10 5 10 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 155 65 90 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 15 5 10 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 135 50 80 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 0 0 0 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 20,830 9,705 11,125 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 20,170 9,425 10,745 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 140 65 80 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 230 90 145 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 270 120 145 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 5 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 260 115 145 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 0 0 0 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 0 0 0 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 10 0 10 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,280 8,000 9,280 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 16,770 7,755 9,015 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,807 33,398 25,493 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 16,780 7,755 9,020 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,841 30,577 24,165 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,465 6,760 7,705 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,984 32,399 21,007 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 13,170 5,720 7,455 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,975 8,397 9,593 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 11,235 5,550 5,685 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,151 31,464 23,695 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 17,280 8,005 9,280 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 16,755 7,730 9,030 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,035 43,957 32,965 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 16,770 7,735 9,035 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,911 37,373 29,092 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,390 6,745 7,645 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,647 42,790 29,345 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 13,245 5,750 7,490 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,385 8,871 9,779 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 11,235 5,545 5,690 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,524 40,872 30,308 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 17,280 8,005 9,280 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 4,955 2,610 2,345 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,939 49,779 42,219 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,739 59,059 47,817 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.6 85.0 75.8 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.9 65.5 57.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.3 15.1 24.2 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 17,285 8,005 9,275 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 515 250 265 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 16,765 7,750 9,015 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 97.0 96.8 97.2 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,980 885 1,095 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 3,705 1,425 2,280 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 2,985 1,170 1,815 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 2,305 1,070 1,240 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 1,785 880 900 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 1,200 665 530 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 865 500 365 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 550 315 240 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 375 200 175 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 325 175 145 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 695 475 220 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 475 310 165 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 215 165 55 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 17,280 8,000 9,280 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 505 245 255 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 16,780 7,755 9,020 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 97.1 96.9 97.2 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,050 895 1,155 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 3,835 1,465 2,360 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 3,475 1,435 2,040 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 2,595 1,240 1,355 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 1,840 965 875 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 1,125 635 485 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 650 365 285 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 465 250 220 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 740 505 240 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 260 155 105 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 150 100 45 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 330 245 80 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 17,280 8,005 9,280 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 6,045 2,450 3,590 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 11,235 5,550 5,690 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 65.0 69.3 61.3 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,930 955 980 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 1,010 420 590 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 1,655 680 970 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 1,450 610 840 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 1,335 630 705 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 1,135 595 535 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 790 470 320 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 570 345 225 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 355 205 145 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 1,015 635 380 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 260 130 130 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 265 135 130 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 495 370 120 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 9,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 51,042 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,857 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,580 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,340 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,576 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 6,050 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,770 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,161 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 9,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,185 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,317 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,580 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,000 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,475 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 6,055 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,019 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,585 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 9,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 105 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 130 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 465 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 650 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 655 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 560 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 610 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 535 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 530 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 455 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 885 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 765 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 625 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 510 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 410 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,735 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 685 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 415 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 385 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 245 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 9,630 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 100 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 130 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 475 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 665 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 740 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 640 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 650 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 605 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 595 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 585 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 995 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 770 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 625 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 480 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 360 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,215 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 610 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 290 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 320 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 5,805 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,672 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 61,958 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 2,600 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,687 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,663 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,935 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,312 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,912 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,160 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,541 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,328 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 5,820 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,156 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,594 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 2,605 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,916 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,536 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,925 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,946 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,074 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,170 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,788 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,501 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,305 1,830 2,475 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,993 26,240 25,870 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,486 24,480 24,491 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,265 1,840 2,430 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,539 35,787 33,594 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,301 31,002 29,770 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 20,345 9,550 10,795 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 12,735 5,840 6,895 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 2,615 1,190 1,425 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 3,015 1,270 1,750 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 2,705 1,240 1,465 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 2,275 1,090 1,185 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 2,120 1,055 1,065 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 7,605 3,705 3,905 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 1,930 935 995 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 1,725 830 895 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 1,535 745 790 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 1,375 660 715 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 1,045 540 500 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 20,345 9,550 10,795 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 3,695 1,865 1,830 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 1,240 665 580 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 12,165 5,765 6,395 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 4,485 1,920 2,565 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 4,115 1,760 2,355 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 925 435 485 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 360 175 185 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 2,495 1,095 1,400 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 700 225 470 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.2 18.4 21.8 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 25.0 23.3 26.5 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 29.0 26.3 31.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 20.5 19.0 21.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 15.6 11.7 18.3 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,530 735 805 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 270 130 140 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 95 45 50 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 1,200 575 620 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 65 25 35 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.5 7.7 7.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.3 7.0 7.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 7.7 6.8 8.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 10.0 9.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.3 1.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 20,345 9,550 10,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 20,315 9,530 10,785 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 20,310 9,525 10,780 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 1,430 575 850 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 1,320 615 700 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 15 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,300 615 690 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 95 60 40 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 0 0 0 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 95 60 35 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 0 0 0 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 85 50 35 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 15 15 0 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 30 20 10 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 30 20 10 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 55 20 30 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 0 0 0 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 0 0 10 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 10 10 0 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 10 25 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 0 0 0 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 60 25 30 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 0 0 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 45 20 25 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 30 15 15 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 0 0 0 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 805 395 415 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 45 20 25 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 0 0 0 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 85 45 30 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 15 10 0 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 10 10 0 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 0 0 0 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 75 45 30 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 0 0 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 0 0 0 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 10 10 0 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 0 10 0 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 20 10 15 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 20 15 10 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 10 10 10 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 10 10 0 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 0 0 0 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 0 0 0 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 10 0 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 340 155 180 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 0 0 0 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 10 0 10 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 120 60 60 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 10 0 1,655 820 835
German 215 90 125 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 10 0 0 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 35 15 20 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 105 50 55 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 90 40 50 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 0 0 0 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 45 25 20 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 60 30 35 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 0 0 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 0 0 0 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 15 0 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 10 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 0 0 0 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 10 0 10 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 15 10 10 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 0 0 0 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 10 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 225 120 110 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 15 0 15 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 25 15 0 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 10 0 0 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 175 95 85 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 15 0 10 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 65 30 40 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 10 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 0 0 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 10 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 10 0 0 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 0 0 0 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 30 10 15 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 10 0 10 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 110 50 65 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 115 50 65 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 65 30 35 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 70 30 35 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 10 0 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 0 0 10 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 0 0 0 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 0 0 0 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 40 0 35 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 10 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 10 0 10 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 30 10 20 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 20,345 9,545 10,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 20,060 9,455 10,605 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 3,670 1,830 1,840 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 16,390 7,620 8,765 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 285 95 185 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 20,345 9,550 10,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 18,830 8,830 9,990 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,485 705 775 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 840 410 435 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 170 95 75 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 130 65 70 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 270 120 150 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 140 65 75 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 125 45 75 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 80 20 55 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 35 10 25 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,480 705 775 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 170 90 80 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 285 160 130 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 350 150 200 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 600 280 320 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 75 25 50 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,485 705 780 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 160 80 80 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 0 0 0 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 10 0 0 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 0 0 0 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 0 0 0 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 0 0 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 20 15 10 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 0 0 0 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 0 0 0 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 100 45 50 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 30 10 20 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 855 425 430 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 10 10 0 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 10 0 0 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 70 35 35 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 20 10 15 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 10 10 10 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 0 20 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 10 0 0 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 95 50 40 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 15 10 0 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 10 0 10 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 20 0 15 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 0 0 0 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 10 0 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 0 10 0 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 460 225 235 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 110 50 60 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 95 40 55 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 0 0 0 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 0 0 0 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 0 0 10 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 0 0 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 10 0 10 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 0 0 0 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 70 25 40 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 355 155 205 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 0 0 0 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 0 0 0 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 50 25 25 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 0 10 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 105 50 55 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 10 0 0 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 10 10 10 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 0 0 10 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 50 20 30 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 0 0 0 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 0 0 0 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 45 10 30 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 0 0 0 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 35 20 15 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 30 15 15 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 0 15 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 80 25 55 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 10 0 0 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 0 0 0 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 10 10 0 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 0 0 0 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 0 0 0 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 15 10 10 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 0 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 15 10 0 2,425 995 1,430