Census Profile, 2016 Census
Chapleau, Township [Census subdivision], Ontario and Moncton--Richibucto [Economic region], New Brunswick

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Chapleau, TP
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Moncton--Richibucto
New Brunswick
[Economic region]
Data quality , Chapleau, Township [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Chapleau, Township [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Moncton--Richibucto [Economic region], New Brunswick  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,964 ... ... 209,256 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 2,116 ... ... 203,837 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -7.2 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 1,022 ... ... 101,201 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 869 ... ... 89,493 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 138.2 ... ... 20.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 14.22 ... ... 10,026.95 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,965 980 985 209,255 102,555 106,700
0 to 14 years 300 160 145 31,195 16,035 15,160
0 to 4 years 95 45 45 9,860 5,095 4,770
5 to 9 years 105 55 50 10,860 5,505 5,355
10 to 14 years 105 55 50 10,475 5,435 5,040
15 to 64 years 1,275 635 635 137,765 68,075 69,690
15 to 19 years 110 45 65 10,785 5,560 5,220
20 to 24 years 100 45 55 11,825 5,955 5,870
25 to 29 years 100 50 45 11,755 5,865 5,885
30 to 34 years 110 60 50 12,900 6,275 6,625
35 to 39 years 105 45 60 13,525 6,630 6,895
40 to 44 years 115 50 65 14,320 6,980 7,340
45 to 49 years 115 55 55 14,395 7,205 7,195
50 to 54 years 175 100 75 16,505 8,130 8,375
55 to 59 years 190 95 95 16,250 7,940 8,310
60 to 64 years 150 80 75 15,515 7,540 7,975
65 years and over 390 185 205 40,295 18,445 21,850
65 to 69 years 125 65 60 14,035 6,850 7,190
70 to 74 years 80 40 40 9,720 4,735 4,985
75 to 79 years 75 30 40 6,750 3,195 3,560
80 to 84 years 65 30 30 4,780 1,985 2,795
85 years and over 55 20 30 5,000 1,680 3,315
85 to 89 years 35 15 20 2,960 1,100 1,860
90 to 94 years 15 5 10 1,520 465 1,055
95 to 99 years 0 0 0 465 110 355
100 years and over 0 0 0 55 10 45
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.3 16.3 14.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.9 64.8 64.5 65.8 66.4 65.3
65 years and over 19.8 18.9 20.8 19.3 18.0 20.5
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.0 2.4 1.6 3.1
Average age of the population 44.0 43.8 44.2 43.1 42.2 44.0
Median age of the population 47.2 47.8 46.6 44.4 43.6 45.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 870 ... ... 89,490 ... ...
Single-detached house 615 ... ... 57,055 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0 ... ... 1,515 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 245 ... ... 27,475 ... ...
Semi-detached house 65 ... ... 6,750 ... ...
Row house 35 ... ... 2,490 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 35 ... ... 3,695 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 110 ... ... 14,310 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 230 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 15 ... ... 3,450 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 870 ... ... 89,490 ... ...
1 person 265 ... ... 24,655 ... ...
2 persons 345 ... ... 36,050 ... ...
3 persons 105 ... ... 13,705 ... ...
4 persons 110 ... ... 10,645 ... ...
5 or more persons 40 ... ... 4,435 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,930 ... ... 204,545 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,665 820 845 178,060 86,520 91,540
Married or living common law 1,050 530 525 106,620 53,380 53,240
Married 785 390 390 83,890 42,075 41,820
Living common law 265 135 130 22,730 11,305 11,425
Not married and not living common law 615 295 320 71,440 33,140 38,300
Never married 375 200 175 44,420 23,885 20,535
Separated 55 30 25 6,190 2,765 3,425
Divorced 60 30 35 10,100 4,190 5,905
Widowed 125 40 85 10,735 2,305 8,430
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 590 ... ... 61,925 ... ...
2 persons 340 ... ... 36,090 ... ...
3 persons 105 ... ... 12,925 ... ...
4 persons 110 ... ... 9,780 ... ...
5 or more persons 35 ... ... 3,135 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 590 ... ... 61,925 ... ...
Total couple families 515 ... ... 52,335 ... ...
Married couples 385 ... ... 40,965 ... ...
Common-law couples 135 ... ... 11,365 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 75 ... ... 9,590 ... ...
Female parent 60 ... ... 7,625 ... ...
Male parent 20 ... ... 1,970 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 515 ... ... 52,330 ... ...
Couples without children 300 ... ... 29,860 ... ...
Couples with children 215 ... ... 22,470 ... ...
1 child 85 ... ... 10,360 ... ...
2 children 100 ... ... 9,140 ... ...
3 or more children 25 ... ... 2,970 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 75 ... ... 9,595 ... ...
1 child 45 ... ... 6,230 ... ...
2 children 20 ... ... 2,560 ... ...
3 or more children 10 ... ... 805 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 330 185 150 37,815 17,950 19,860
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 870 ... ... 89,490 ... ...
One-census-family households 565 ... ... 59,555 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 295 ... ... 28,860 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 275 ... ... 30,695 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 15 ... ... 1,180 ... ...
Non-census-family households 295 ... ... 28,755 ... ...
One-person households 265 ... ... 24,660 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 25 ... ... 4,100 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,940 975 965 205,770 100,730 105,040
English only 905 460 440 92,755 46,870 45,885
French only 90 40 45 8,190 3,790 4,400
English and French 930 465 465 104,090 49,660 54,430
Neither English nor French 15 5 10 740 410 330
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,940 975 970 205,770 100,730 105,040
English 1,270 630 640 119,260 58,805 60,455
French 650 335 320 84,330 40,810 43,525
English and French 5 0 0 1,480 725 750
Neither English nor French 15 5 5 695 385 310
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 655 330 320 85,070 41,170 43,900
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 33.8 33.8 33.0 41.3 40.9 41.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,935 970 965 205,765 100,730 105,040
Single responses 1,895 955 940 201,960 98,875 103,080
Official languages 1,835 930 905 194,375 95,020 99,360
English 1,170 590 580 111,005 54,735 56,265
French 660 340 325 83,365 40,275 43,090
Non-official languages 60 25 35 7,585 3,865 3,725
Aboriginal languages 10 10 5 1,275 620 655
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 1,265 610 655
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,260 610 650
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 5
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 1,255 605 650
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 5 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 5 0 5
Oji-Cree 10 5 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 50 20 30 6,310 3,245 3,065
Afro-Asiatic languages 15 5 10 960 555 405
Berber languages 0 0 0 25 20 10
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 15 5 5 930 530 395
Amharic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Arabic 15 5 5 870 505 360
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 35 15 20
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 255 115 140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 255 115 135
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5 5 5 545 190 355
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 20 5 15
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ilocano 5 0 0 20 0 15
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 15 0 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 470 175 295
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 60 25 40
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 90 50 35
Kannada 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 20 10 5
Tamil 0 0 0 20 10 10
Telugu 0 0 0 50 25 15
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 25 10 15 2,480 1,320 1,160
Albanian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Armenian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 0 365 180 185
Baltic languages 0 0 0 10 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Slavic languages 5 0 5 360 175 180
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Croatian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Czech 0 0 0 15 10 5
Macedonian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Polish 5 5 0 70 30 45
Russian 0 0 0 170 85 85
Serbian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Slovak 0 0 0 15 5 5
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 10 5 5 765 390 375
Afrikaans 0 0 0 30 15 10
Danish 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dutch 0 5 0 200 100 100
Frisian 0 0 0 15 5 5
German 0 0 0 460 235 230
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 0 0 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 5 345 190 155
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 5 240 130 110
Bengali 0 0 0 40 20 20
Gujarati 0 0 0 20 10 5
Hindi 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nepali 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 5 50 25 25
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Urdu 0 0 0 70 40 35
Iranian languages 0 0 0 100 60 40
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 100 55 40
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 10 5 5 945 520 425
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 5 0 5 175 95 80
Portuguese 5 5 0 75 35 40
Romanian 0 0 0 125 60 60
Spanish 0 0 5 570 325 240
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Japanese 5 0 0 50 10 35
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 580 300 280
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 370 210 160
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 55 30 25
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 40 25 15
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 15 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 25 15 10
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Shona 0 0 0 15 5 5
Swahili 0 0 0 55 25 30
Wolof 0 0 0 25 15 5
Yoruba 0 0 0 10 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 55 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
American Sign Language 0 0 0 10 5 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 10
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 0 0 775 395 375
Chinese languages 0 0 0 745 385 365
Cantonese 0 0 0 145 80 65
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 0 485 220 270
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 85 65 20
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 5 5
Turkish 0 0 0 20 10 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Uralic languages 5 0 5 65 30 35
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 5 10 0 5
Hungarian 0 0 0 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Multiple responses 45 15 25 3,810 1,850 1,960
English and French 35 15 20 3,075 1,480 1,595
English and non-official language 5 5 0 470 230 240
French and non-official language 0 0 0 205 115 90
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 60 30 35
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,940 970 965 205,770 100,730 105,040
Single responses 1,890 950 940 200,980 98,435 102,545
Official languages 1,875 940 930 196,830 96,310 100,515
English 1,480 750 730 124,785 61,495 63,285
French 390 195 195 72,045 34,815 37,235
Non-official languages 15 5 10 4,155 2,130 2,025
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 610 295 315
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 610 295 315
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 610 295 315
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 605 295 315
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 15 5 15 3,545 1,830 1,715
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 0 5 660 350 310
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10 5 5 660 350 305
Amharic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Arabic 10 5 10 635 340 295
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 25 10 10
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 5 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 225 110 115
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 0 0 0 225 110 115
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 0 5 180 85 95
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 5 0 5
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ilocano 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 170 80 90
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages 0 0 0 35 0 30
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 20
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 40 30 15
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tamil 0 0 0 5 5 0
Telugu 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5 5 5 1,110 605 500
Albanian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Armenian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 165 85 85
Baltic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Slavic languages 0 0 0 160 85 85
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Czech 0 0 0 5 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Russian 0 0 0 115 60 55
Serbian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slovak 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 0 0 0 195 95 100
Afrikaans 0 0 0 20 5 10
Danish 0 0 0 0 5 5
Dutch 0 0 0 35 20 15
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 0 0 0 130 65 65
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 0 195 100 95
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 135 65 65
Bengali 0 0 0 20 10 10
Gujarati 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hindi 0 0 0 20 15 10
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 5 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Urdu 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iranian languages 0 0 0 65 35 30
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 65 35 25
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 0 0 0 530 315 215
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 0 0 0 40 15 20
Portuguese 0 0 0 30 15 20
Romanian 0 0 0 85 45 40
Spanish 0 0 0 375 240 135
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 0 0 15 5 15
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 475 240 235
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 125 70 55
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 15 5
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 5 5 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wolof 0 0 0 5 5 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0 60 30 25
American Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 45 20 20
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 0 0 590 285 305
Chinese languages 0 0 0 570 275 295
Cantonese 0 0 0 90 45 45
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 0 0 5 410 190 225
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 35 15
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 5 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 5
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 20 10 15
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Multiple responses 50 20 25 4,785 2,290 2,495
English and French 45 20 25 3,360 1,540 1,815
English and non-official language 5 5 0 1,060 540 515
French and non-official language 0 0 0 225 125 100
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 150 85 65
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,940 970 970 205,765 100,730 105,040
None 1,465 740 730 165,465 81,610 83,850
English 180 85 95 23,875 11,395 12,475
French 280 145 135 13,615 6,345 7,275
Non-official language 15 5 5 2,435 1,170 1,265
Aboriginal 0 0 0 485 245 245
Non-Aboriginal 5 0 5 1,950 930 1,025
English and French 0 0 0 90 45 45
English and non-official language 0 0 0 135 80 55
French and non-official language 5 5 0 150 75 70
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,630 805 825 173,385 84,180 89,205
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,590 800 790 167,160 80,975 86,185
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,816 55,398 24,341 32,198 37,406 27,716
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,590 800 790 167,215 80,985 86,230
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,429 47,616 22,490 28,952 32,912 25,423
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,415 730 690 148,870 74,140 74,730
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,029 54,336 20,608 29,426 34,419 25,100
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,115 490 625 121,020 52,730 68,285
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,240 8,768 7,323 7,704 8,566 6,965
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,135 600 535 123,430 63,135 60,295
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,413 54,336 21,536 29,882 33,797 26,532
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,655 825 835 173,425 84,225 89,200
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,590 805 785 167,150 80,880 86,270
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,022 54,029 33,811 39,683 45,597 34,137
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,590 805 790 167,210 80,890 86,325
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,625 45,707 29,378 33,411 37,691 29,401
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,410 720 690 148,835 73,945 74,885
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,863 53,160 30,088 37,615 43,401 31,901
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,145 510 630 121,085 52,720 68,365
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,718 10,218 9,313 8,544 9,077 8,134
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,100 605 500 123,430 62,775 60,655
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,931 50,027 32,103 37,512 42,359 32,494
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,655 825 835 173,425 84,225 89,200
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 460 285 180 60,345 31,350 28,995
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,118 61,006 52,011 45,264 49,799 41,180
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,964 63,183 52,262 53,133 59,174 46,601
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.4 89.4 78.1 84.5 87.1 81.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.5 71.1 61.9 69.7 71.9 66.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.0 11.0 21.7 15.5 12.9 18.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,630 810 825 173,385 84,185 89,200
Without total income 45 10 30 6,225 3,210 3,020
With total income 1,590 800 790 167,160 80,980 86,185
Percentage with total income 97.5 98.8 95.8 96.4 96.2 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 200 55 150 20,990 8,890 12,100
$10,000 to $19,999 245 70 170 28,915 10,800 18,115
$20,000 to $29,999 225 90 135 28,015 11,770 16,245
$30,000 to $39,999 165 65 100 24,960 12,300 12,660
$40,000 to $49,999 140 60 80 19,740 10,330 9,405
$50,000 to $59,999 170 115 60 13,045 7,430 5,610
$60,000 to $69,999 140 115 30 9,310 5,555 3,755
$70,000 to $79,999 90 70 20 7,015 3,955 3,060
$80,000 to $89,999 60 45 15 4,975 2,690 2,285
$90,000 to $99,999 55 35 20 2,880 1,895 985
$100,000 and over 90 75 15 7,315 5,360 1,955
$100,000 to $149,999 85 70 10 5,180 3,735 1,450
$150,000 and over 15 5 5 2,135 1,630 510
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,630 810 825 173,385 84,185 89,205
Without after-tax income 40 10 35 6,170 3,200 2,970
With after-tax income 1,590 800 795 167,215 80,985 86,230
Percentage with after-tax income 97.5 98.8 96.4 96.4 96.2 96.7
Under $10,000 (including loss) 210 55 155 21,865 9,060 12,800
$10,000 to $19,999 265 85 185 30,755 11,635 19,120
$20,000 to $29,999 255 100 155 34,360 15,185 19,170
$30,000 to $39,999 170 75 100 29,440 14,980 14,460
$40,000 to $49,999 215 125 95 19,660 10,920 8,740
$50,000 to $59,999 195 155 40 12,230 7,240 4,990
$60,000 to $69,999 105 80 25 8,300 4,520 3,785
$70,000 to $79,999 80 55 25 4,115 2,700 1,415
$80,000 and over 90 75 15 6,490 4,745 1,745
$80,000 to $89,999 45 35 10 2,185 1,545 640
$90,000 to $99,999 30 30 0 1,300 960 340
$100,000 and over 15 10 5 3,005 2,240 760
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,630 810 820 173,385 84,185 89,205
Without employment income 495 205 290 49,955 21,045 28,905
With employment income 1,135 600 535 123,435 63,135 60,295
Percentage with employment income 69.6 74.1 65.2 71.2 75.0 67.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 165 70 95 15,390 7,695 7,695
$5,000 to $9,999 95 30 60 10,350 4,555 5,790
$10,000 to $19,999 145 50 100 18,795 8,655 10,140
$20,000 to $29,999 105 35 75 17,375 7,780 9,595
$30,000 to $39,999 95 35 60 15,820 7,775 8,045
$40,000 to $49,999 85 45 40 12,890 6,695 6,195
$50,000 to $59,999 120 85 35 8,855 5,175 3,675
$60,000 to $69,999 100 80 15 6,830 4,005 2,820
$70,000 to $79,999 60 45 15 5,465 2,890 2,575
$80,000 and over 155 125 35 11,660 7,895 3,765
$80,000 to $89,999 50 35 10 3,820 2,095 1,725
$90,000 to $99,999 45 30 20 2,310 1,540 770
$100,000 and over 65 60 10 5,535 4,265 1,270
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 870 ... ... 89,490 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,128 ... ... 61,305 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,312 ... ... 54,044 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 265 ... ... 24,655 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,424 ... ... 30,651 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,608 ... ... 27,724 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 605 ... ... 64,835 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,832 ... ... 75,703 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,336 ... ... 66,079 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 870 ... ... 89,495 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,594 ... ... 74,116 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,883 ... ... 62,427 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 255 ... ... 24,630 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,909 ... ... 37,634 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,663 ... ... 32,070 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 620 ... ... 64,860 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,813 ... ... 87,970 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,459 ... ... 73,955 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 870 ... ... 89,490 ... ...
Under $5,000 5 ... ... 1,135 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 10 ... ... 1,865 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 20 ... ... 1,755 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 40 ... ... 4,365 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 50 ... ... 4,275 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 40 ... ... 4,340 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 40 ... ... 4,840 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 30 ... ... 4,755 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 20 ... ... 4,285 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 35 ... ... 4,240 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 65 ... ... 7,885 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 65 ... ... 7,340 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 70 ... ... 6,645 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 60 ... ... 5,660 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 45 ... ... 4,695 ... ...
$100,000 and over 270 ... ... 21,400 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 110 ... ... 8,655 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 70 ... ... 5,310 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 65 ... ... 4,790 ... ...
$200,000 and over 25 ... ... 2,650 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 870 ... ... 89,495 ... ...
Under $5,000 10 ... ... 1,175 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15 ... ... 1,900 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 20 ... ... 1,795 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 45 ... ... 4,605 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 55 ... ... 4,980 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 50 ... ... 5,060 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 40 ... ... 5,720 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 35 ... ... 5,495 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 40 ... ... 4,980 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 35 ... ... 5,045 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 90 ... ... 9,570 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 85 ... ... 8,495 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 65 ... ... 7,025 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 70 ... ... 5,590 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 65 ... ... 4,370 ... ...
$100,000 and over 170 ... ... 13,695 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 85 ... ... 7,165 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 50 ... ... 3,400 ... ...
$150,000 and over 35 ... ... 3,125 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 590 ... ... 61,740 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,960 ... ... 76,048 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,144 ... ... 66,241 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 290 ... ... 28,225 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,472 ... ... 69,634 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,912 ... ... 61,044 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 215 ... ... 22,765 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,552 ... ... 102,271 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,144 ... ... 87,021 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.8 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 70 ... ... 8,955 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,768 ... ... 44,336 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,160 ... ... 41,630 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 590 ... ... 61,700 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,810 ... ... 88,418 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,127 ... ... 74,186 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 290 ... ... 28,140 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,677 ... ... 79,616 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,292 ... ... 67,080 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 225 ... ... 22,830 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,290 ... ... 114,080 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,641 ... ... 94,143 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 50 ... ... 8,880 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,350 ... ... 52,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,250 ... ... 46,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 300 170 140 33,725 16,170 17,555
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,320 45,184 26,240 28,440 30,141 27,022
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,568 39,424 25,216 25,963 27,029 25,135
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 310 180 125 33,625 16,130 17,500
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,989 44,823 33,174 35,021 36,316 33,828
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,073 38,641 30,041 30,026 30,652 29,450
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,930 965 965 204,550 100,200 104,350
In the bottom half of the distribution 870 410 465 117,460 56,260 61,200
In the bottom decile 150 70 80 20,830 9,905 10,925
In the second decile 155 70 85 24,780 11,185 13,595
In the third decile 170 75 90 24,215 11,725 12,495
In the fourth decile 165 75 90 24,240 11,925 12,315
In the fifth decile 230 120 110 23,395 11,520 11,875
In the top half of the distribution 1,055 555 505 87,090 43,940 43,150
In the sixth decile 235 120 120 22,430 11,185 11,245
In the seventh decile 215 120 100 21,460 10,885 10,570
In the eighth decile 255 130 120 19,050 9,545 9,510
In the ninth decile 245 120 120 14,320 7,250 7,070
In the top decile 100 60 45 9,830 5,070 4,755
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,930 965 965 202,345 99,115 103,230
0 to 17 years 365 185 185 36,885 18,950 17,940
0 to 5 years 105 50 50 11,720 6,035 5,685
18 to 64 years 1,200 605 595 128,180 62,725 65,460
65 years and over 360 180 185 37,275 17,445 19,835
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 245 105 135 31,200 14,235 16,970
0 to 17 years 55 35 25 7,405 3,835 3,570
0 to 5 years 20 10 10 2,605 1,360 1,250
18 to 64 years 130 55 75 17,265 7,840 9,420
65 years and over 55 25 35 6,540 2,560 3,980
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.7 10.9 14.0 15.4 14.4 16.4
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 18.9 13.5 20.1 20.2 19.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.0 20.0 20.0 22.2 22.5 22.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.8 9.1 12.6 13.5 12.5 14.4
65 years and over (%) 15.3 13.9 18.9 17.5 14.7 20.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 70 35 35 14,390 7,025 7,370
0 to 17 years 25 10 15 3,370 1,725 1,640
0 to 5 years 10 5 10 1,215 630 580
18 to 64 years 45 25 25 10,175 5,000 5,175
65 years and over 0 0 0 850 300 555
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.6 3.6 3.6 7.1 7.1 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 6.8 5.4 8.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 10.0 20.0 10.4 10.4 10.2
18 to 64 years (%) 3.8 4.1 4.2 7.9 8.0 7.9
65 years and over (%) 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.3 1.7 2.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,940 970 970 204,550 100,175 104,375
Official languages 1,895 955 935 203,790 99,765 104,025
English 1,770 900 875 195,705 95,960 99,745
French 1,030 525 505 111,590 53,100 58,490
Non-official languages 125 60 65 11,850 5,975 5,870
Aboriginal languages 10 10 10 1,365 695 675
Algonquian languages 15 10 0 1,345 690 660
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,335 675 660
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 1,330 675 655
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 10 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 10,490 5,290 5,200
Afro-Asiatic languages 45 15 35 1,395 820 570
Berber languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 45 10 35 1,370 805 570
Amharic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Arabic 45 10 35 1,255 735 515
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 45 20 20
Maltese 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 45 25 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 290 155 140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Vietnamese 0 0 0 285 150 135
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 0 0 10 760 315 440
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 55 15 40
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 30 10 30
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 10
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 10 720 290 425
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 250 70 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 150 40 110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 25 60
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 135 75 60
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tamil 0 0 0 30 20 15
Telugu 0 0 0 70 40 30
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 40 25 15 4,965 2,500 2,470
Albanian 0 0 0 30 20 10
Armenian 0 0 0 15 15 0
Balto-Slavic languages 10 0 0 400 215 180
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 0 0 0 400 220 180
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Bulgarian 0 0 0 0 0 10
Croatian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Czech 0 0 0 30 20 10
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 10 0 0 95 50 50
Russian 0 0 0 235 115 120
Serbian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 15 10 0
Slovak 0 0 0 10 0 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 60 30 25
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 35 0 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 30 0 20
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Germanic languages 0 0 0 1,415 770 645
Afrikaans 0 0 0 75 45 30
Danish 0 0 0 15 10 10
Dutch 0 0 0 290 150 145
Frisian 0 0 0 30 20 10
German 0 0 0 965 530 435
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 35 20 15
Swedish 0 0 0 50 35 20
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 15 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 10 20 10 10
Indo-Iranian languages 0 0 0 380 205 170
Indo-Aryan languages 0 0 0 300 160 135
Bengali 0 0 0 45 30 20
Gujarati 0 0 0 20 0 15
Hindi 0 0 0 100 60 50
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nepali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 80 40 35
Sindhi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Urdu 0 0 0 95 60 35
Iranian languages 0 0 0 80 45 40
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 80 40 35
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 25 20 10 2,950 1,395 1,550
Catalan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Italian 0 10 0 370 185 180
Portuguese 15 10 0 170 105 65
Romanian 0 0 0 210 125 90
Spanish 10 10 10 2,320 1,065 1,255
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Japanese 0 0 0 175 80 90
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 0 0 0 630 310 315
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 810 490 320
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 125 55 70
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 85 70 15
Ga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 95 75 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Shona 0 0 0 25 10 15
Swahili 0 0 0 185 105 80
Wolof 0 0 0 50 40 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 10 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 175 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 0 0 0 365 150 215
American Sign Language 0 0 0 115 45 65
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 260 105 150
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 0 0 930 460 470
Chinese languages 0 0 10 870 430 435
Cantonese 0 0 0 165 85 85
Hakka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mandarin 10 0 0 640 285 350
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 20 0 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 140 95 45
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 65 25 35
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 60 25 35
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 60 35 25
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 55 35 25
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 15 10 0 85 40 45
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 15 10 0 0 10 0
Hungarian 0 0 0 80 40 45
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 20
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,940 965 975 204,545 100,180 104,375
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,885 955 930 197,710 96,715 101,000
Canadian citizens aged under 18 325 170 155 36,350 18,695 17,655
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,560 780 775 161,360 78,020 83,340
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 55 20 40 6,840 3,465 3,375
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,940 965 970 204,550 100,180 104,370
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,820 920 905 192,570 94,205 98,365
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 115 45 70 10,190 4,960 5,230
Before 1981 50 30 15 3,220 1,480 1,740
1981 to 1990 10 0 0 705 375 325
1991 to 2000 10 0 0 705 390 315
2001 to 2010 10 0 10 2,385 1,155 1,235
2001 to 2005 0 0 0 795 350 445
2006 to 2010 10 0 0 1,595 805 785
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 50 10 40 3,175 1,555 1,620
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10 10 0 1,785 1,020 770
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 115 45 70 10,190 4,960 5,230
Under 5 years 35 10 25 1,570 720 850
5 to 14 years 20 10 15 2,415 1,225 1,190
15 to 24 years 15 10 10 1,700 725 980
25 to 44 years 40 20 20 3,740 1,860 1,875
45 years and over 10 0 0 765 425 340
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 115 45 70 10,190 4,955 5,230
Americas 10 0 0 2,825 1,270 1,555
Brazil 0 0 0 15 0 20
Colombia 0 0 0 95 30 65
El Salvador 0 0 0 25 30 0
Guyana 0 0 0 40 30 10
Haiti 0 0 0 75 20 55
Jamaica 0 0 0 50 35 15
Mexico 0 0 0 60 25 35
Peru 0 0 0 20 15 0
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 25 10 15
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 0 0 0 2,215 1,000 1,215
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 200 80 125
Europe 55 30 20 3,150 1,580 1,570
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 10 10 0
Croatia 0 0 0 10 0 0
France 0 0 0 425 225 200
Germany 0 10 0 480 270 210
Greece 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hungary 0 0 0 25 0 20
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 40 10 35
Italy 0 0 0 115 60 55
Netherlands 0 0 0 220 115 100
Poland 0 0 0 50 25 25
Portugal 15 10 10 35 25 10
Romania 0 0 0 190 115 85
Russian Federation 0 0 0 70 25 40
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 10 0 0 0 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 35 25 10
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15 0 10 1,100 480 625
Other places of birth in Europe 10 0 0 325 180 145
Africa 0 0 0 1,165 660 505
Algeria 0 0 0 115 60 55
Egypt 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ethiopia 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kenya 0 0 0 10 0 0
Morocco 0 0 0 95 55 40
Nigeria 0 0 0 20 20 10
Somalia 0 0 0 0 10 0
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 70 40 35
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 790 450 340
Asia 50 15 40 3,015 1,420 1,590
Afghanistan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bangladesh 0 0 0 20 15 10
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 10 0 10 570 220 355
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 55 25 30
India 0 0 0 210 115 95
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 65 35 25
Iraq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japan 0 0 0 30 10 25
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 0 0 0 535 280 250
Lebanon 0 0 0 115 80 40
Pakistan 0 0 0 55 40 20
Philippines 0 0 0 520 190 330
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 10 0 10
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 10 15 290 130 155
Taiwan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Viet Nam 0 0 0 270 130 130
Other places of birth in Asia 20 0 15 270 155 115
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 0 0 0 40 30 10
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 50 10 40 3,175 1,560 1,615
Americas 0 0 0 265 110 155
Brazil 0 0 0 0 0 0
Colombia 0 0 0 10 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0 40 10 30
Jamaica 0 0 0 20 15 10
Mexico 0 0 0 20 10 10
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 0 0 0 120 55 65
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 25 10 15
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 25 0 20
Europe 0 0 0 565 280 285
France 0 0 0 195 115 85
Germany 0 0 0 25 0 20
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 10 0 10
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 0 0 10
Romania 0 0 0 140 80 55
Russian Federation 0 0 0 15 10 0
Ukraine 0 0 0 20