Census Profile, 2016 Census
Gull River 55, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Gull River 55, IRI
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Gull River 55, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Gull River 55, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 247 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 210 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 17.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 102 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 79 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 41.40 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 F F F 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years F F F 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years F F F 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years F F F 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years F F F 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years F F F 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years F F F 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years F F F 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years F F F 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years F F F 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years F F F 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years F F F 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years F F F 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years F F F 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years F F F 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years F F F 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over F F F 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years F F F 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years F F F 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years F F F 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years F F F 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over F F F 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years F F F 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years F F F 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years F F F 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over F F F 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data F F F 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years F F F 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years F F F 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over F F F 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over F F F 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population F F F 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population F F F 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 F ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house F ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys F ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 F ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house F ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house F ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex F ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys F ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house F ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 F ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 F ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person F ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons F ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons F ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons F ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons F ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households F ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size F ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 F F F 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law F F F 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married F F F 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law F F F 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law F F F 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married F F F 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated F F F 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced F F F 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed F F F 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 F ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons F ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons F ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons F ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons F ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families F ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 F ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families F ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples F ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples F ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent F ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent F ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent F ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data F ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children F ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children F ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child F ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children F ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children F ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data F ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child F ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children F ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children F ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data F F F 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 F ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households F ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 F ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 F ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households F ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households F ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households F ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households F ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 F F F 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only F F F 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only F F F 1,110 530 580
English and French F F F 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French F F F 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 F F F 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English F F F 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French F F F 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French F F F 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French F F F 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 F F F 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 F F F 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 F F F 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses F F F 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages F F F 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English F F F 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French F F F 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages F F F 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages F F F 860 390 470
Algonquian languages F F F 315 135 180
Blackfoot F F F 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages F F F 220 105 115
Atikamekw F F F 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) F F F 0 0 0
Moose Cree F F F 5 5 0
Naskapi F F F 0 0 0
Northern East Cree F F F 0 0 0
Plains Cree F F F 40 15 25
Southern East Cree F F F 0 0 0
Swampy Cree F F F 15 10 5
Woods Cree F F F 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. F F F 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages F F F 0 0 0
Malecite F F F 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq F F F 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages F F F 70 25 40
Algonquin F F F 0 0 0
Ojibway F F F 65 25 35
Oji-Cree F F F 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) F F F 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages F F F 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages F F F 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) F F F 5 0 5
Beaver F F F 0 0 0
Carrier F F F 40 15 20
Chilcotin F F F 25 15 10
Dene F F F 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) F F F 0 0 0
Gwich'in F F F 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) F F F 0 0 5
Sekani F F F 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages F F F 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) F F F 5 0 0
South Slavey F F F 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. F F F 5 0 0
Tahltan languages F F F 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) F F F 0 0 0
Tahltan F F F 0 0 0
Tutchone languages F F F 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone F F F 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone F F F 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. F F F 5 0 5
Haida F F F 10 10 5
Inuit languages F F F 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) F F F 5 0 0
Inuktitut F F F 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages F F F 5 0 0
Cayuga F F F 0 0 0
Mohawk F F F 5 0 0
Oneida F F F 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Kutenai F F F 5 5 0
Michif F F F 10 0 5
Salish languages F F F 140 65 70
Comox F F F 0 0 0
Halkomelem F F F 35 25 15
Lillooet F F F 10 5 5
Okanagan F F F 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) F F F 10 5 0
Squamish F F F 20 5 10
Straits F F F 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) F F F 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. F F F 40 20 25
Siouan languages F F F 25 10 10
Dakota F F F 20 5 15
Stoney F F F 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. F F F 5 5 0
Tlingit F F F 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages F F F 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) F F F 45 20 25
Nisga'a F F F 25 15 15
Tsimshian F F F 25 10 15
Wakashan languages F F F 55 25 35
Haisla F F F 10 5 5
Heiltsuk F F F 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) F F F 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) F F F 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. F F F 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages F F F 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages F F F 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages F F F 95 55 35
Kabyle F F F 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. F F F 60 40 25
Cushitic languages F F F 1,355 675 680
Bilen F F F 5 0 0
Oromo F F F 165 95 75
Somali F F F 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. F F F 10 5 5
Semitic languages F F F 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic F F F 1,140 560 585
Arabic F F F 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic F F F 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic F F F 440 240 195
Harari F F F 25 10 15
Hebrew F F F 1,770 960 805
Maltese F F F 80 40 40
Tigrigna F F F 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. F F F 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. F F F 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages F F F 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) F F F 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese F F F 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e F F F 35 15 20
Austronesian languages F F F 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol F F F 310 140 170
Cebuano F F F 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian F F F 395 190 200
Hiligaynon F F F 1,280 485 795
Ilocano F F F 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy F F F 15 0 10
Malay F F F 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) F F F 635 290 345
Pangasinan F F F 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) F F F 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray F F F 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. F F F 830 360 470
Creole languages F F F 610 310 300
Haitian Creole F F F 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. F F F 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. F F F 225 120 105
Dravidian languages F F F 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada F F F 225 115 110
Malayalam F F F 1,750 905 845
Tamil F F F 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu F F F 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. F F F 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages F F F 130 70 60
Indo-European languages F F F 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian F F F 1,090 560 530
Armenian F F F 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages F F F 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages F F F 645 280 370
Latvian F F F 320 145 175
Lithuanian F F F 325 130 200
Slavic languages F F F 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan F F F 60 30 30
Bosnian F F F 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian F F F 1,725 805 915
Croatian F F F 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech F F F 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian F F F 250 120 135
Polish F F F 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian F F F 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian F F F 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian F F F 1,145 545 600
Slovak F F F 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) F F F 545 250 290
Ukrainian F F F 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. F F F 180 90 90
Celtic languages F F F 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic F F F 125 65 60
Welsh F F F 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. F F F 65 40 25
Germanic languages F F F 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans F F F 1,435 730 705
Danish F F F 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch F F F 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian F F F 80 30 50
German F F F 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic F F F 155 70 80
Norwegian F F F 835 410 430
Swedish F F F 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) F F F 200 105 95
Yiddish F F F 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. F F F 25 20 15
Greek F F F 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages F F F 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages F F F 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali F F F 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati F F F 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi F F F 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri F F F 40 25 15
Konkani F F F 225 110 110
Marathi F F F 535 280 255
Nepali F F F 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) F F F 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) F F F 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi F F F 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) F F F 1,455 730 725
Urdu F F F 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages F F F 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish F F F 1,650 875 780
Pashto F F F 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) F F F 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. F F F 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages F F F 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan F F F 125 65 55
Italian F F F 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese F F F 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian F F F 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish F F F 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. F F F 60 40 25
Japanese F F F 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages F F F 65 40 25
Georgian F F F 65 40 25
Korean F F F 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages F F F 340 145 200
Mongolian F F F 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages F F F 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) F F F 405 220 180
Bamanankan F F F 10 10 5
Edo F F F 80 45 30
Ewe F F F 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) F F F 20 10 5
Ga F F F 35 15 15
Ganda F F F 65 35 30
Igbo F F F 160 90 65
Lingala F F F 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) F F F 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) F F F 105 45 55
Shona F F F 150 70 85
Swahili F F F 585 285 295
Wolof F F F 30 10 20
Yoruba F F F 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. F F F 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages F F F 265 135 135
Dinka F F F 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. F F F 190 85 100
Sign languages F F F 620 330 295
American Sign Language F F F 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language F F F 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e F F F 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages F F F 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages F F F 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese F F F 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka F F F 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin F F F 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong F F F 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) F F F 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) F F F 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. F F F 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. F F F 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages F F F 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese F F F 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages F F F 770 370 400
Tibetan F F F 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. F F F 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages F F F 2,750 980 1,770
Lao F F F 800 405 400
Thai F F F 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e F F F 20 10 10
Turkic languages F F F 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani F F F 495 275 225
Turkish F F F 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur F F F 165 80 85
Uzbek F F F 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. F F F 165 70 95
Uralic languages F F F 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian F F F 455 195 260
Finnish F F F 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian F F F 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. F F F 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. F F F 365 200 170
Multiple responses F F F 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French F F F 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language F F F 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language F F F 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language F F F 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 F F F 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses F F F 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages F F F 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English F F F 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French F F F 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages F F F 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages F F F 105 45 55
Algonquian languages F F F 25 10 10
Blackfoot F F F 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages F F F 15 5 10
Atikamekw F F F 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) F F F 0 0 0
Moose Cree F F F 0 0 0
Naskapi F F F 0 0 0
Northern East Cree F F F 0 0 0
Plains Cree F F F 0 0 0
Southern East Cree F F F 0 0 0
Swampy Cree F F F 0 0 0
Woods Cree F F F 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. F F F 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages F F F 0 0 0
Malecite F F F 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq F F F 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages F F F 10 5 5
Algonquin F F F 0 0 0
Ojibway F F F 10 5 5
Oji-Cree F F F 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) F F F 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages F F F 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages F F F 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) F F F 0 0 0
Beaver F F F 0 0 0
Carrier F F F 5 0 5
Chilcotin F F F 0 0 0
Dene F F F 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) F F F 0 0 0
Gwich'in F F F 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) F F F 0 0 0
Sekani F F F 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages F F F 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) F F F 0 0 0
South Slavey F F F 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. F F F 0 0 0
Tahltan languages F F F 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) F F F 0 0 0
Tahltan F F F 0 0 0
Tutchone languages F F F 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone F F F 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone F F F 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Haida F F F 5 5 0
Inuit languages F F F 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) F F F 0 0 0
Inuktitut F F F 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages F F F 0 0 0
Cayuga F F F 0 0 0
Mohawk F F F 0 0 0
Oneida F F F 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Kutenai F F F 0 0 0
Michif F F F 0 5 0
Salish languages F F F 10 5 5
Comox F F F 0 0 0
Halkomelem F F F 0 0 0
Lillooet F F F 0 5 0
Okanagan F F F 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) F F F 10 5 0
Squamish F F F 0 0 0
Straits F F F 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) F F F 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Siouan languages F F F 10 5 5
Dakota F F F 10 10 0
Stoney F F F 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Tlingit F F F 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages F F F 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) F F F 5 5 5
Nisga'a F F F 5 5 5
Tsimshian F F F 0 0 0
Wakashan languages F F F 5 0 5
Haisla F F F 0 0 5
Heiltsuk F F F 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) F F F 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) F F F 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. F F F 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages F F F 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages F F F 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages F F F 40 20 20
Kabyle F F F 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. F F F 20 15 5
Cushitic languages F F F 695 315 380
Bilen F F F 0 0 0
Oromo F F F 80 40 35
Somali F F F 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. F F F 5 5 5
Semitic languages F F F 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic F F F 535 250 290
Arabic F F F 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic F F F 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic F F F 305 160 145
Harari F F F 10 5 5
Hebrew F F F 785 400 385
Maltese F F F 5 5 0
Tigrigna F F F 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. F F F 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. F F F 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages F F F 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) F F F 620 290 330
Vietnamese F F F 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e F F F 15 10 10
Austronesian languages F F F 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol F F F 70 30 35
Cebuano F F F 1,085 485 600
Fijian F F F 95 50 50
Hiligaynon F F F 355 150 205
Ilocano F F F 1,465 625 840
Malagasy F F F 5 5 0
Malay F F F 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) F F F 135 65 75
Pangasinan F F F 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) F F F 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray F F F 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. F F F 260 130 130
Creole languages F F F 290 125 160
Haitian Creole F F F 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. F F F 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. F F F 80 35 40
Dravidian languages F F F 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada F F F 95 45 50
Malayalam F F F 885 450 435
Tamil F F F 1,935 965 965
Telugu F F F 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. F F F 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages F F F 55 20 30
Indo-European languages F F F 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian F F F 530 255 270
Armenian F F F 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages F F F 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages F F F 160 75 90
Latvian F F F 65 30 35
Lithuanian F F F 90 45 50
Slavic languages F F F 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan F F F 10 5 5
Bosnian F F F 540 270 270
Bulgarian F F F 925 425 495
Croatian F F F 1,795 840 955
Czech F F F 1,030 520 510
Macedonian F F F 120 60 60
Polish F F F 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian F F F 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian F F F 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian F F F 435 205 235
Slovak F F F 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) F F F 60 25 35
Ukrainian F F F 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. F F F 25 10 15
Celtic languages F F F 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic F F F 15 5 5
Welsh F F F 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. F F F 5 0 0
Germanic languages F F F 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans F F F 520 250 265
Danish F F F 180 90 90
Dutch F F F 685 325 365
Frisian F F F 5 5 0
German F F F 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic F F F 50 25 30
Norwegian F F F 75 35 35
Swedish F F F 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) F F F 20 15 5
Yiddish F F F 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. F F F 5 5 0
Greek F F F 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages F F F 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages F F F 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali F F F 1,575 775 800
Gujarati F F F 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi F F F 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri F F F 5 0 0
Konkani F F F 40 15 15
Marathi F F F 245 125 120
Nepali F F F 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) F F F 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) F F F 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi F F F 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) F F F 595 290 305
Urdu F F F 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages F F F 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish F F F 1,025 515 505
Pashto F F F 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) F F F 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. F F F 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages F F F 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan F F F 60 30 35
Italian F F F 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese F F F 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian F F F 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish F F F 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. F F F 10 5 10
Japanese F F F 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages F F F 15 10 10
Georgian F F F 15 10 10
Korean F F F 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages F F F 160 80 85
Mongolian F F F 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages F F F 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) F F F 125 70 55
Bamanankan F F F 5 5 5
Edo F F F 15 5 5
Ewe F F F 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) F F F 0 0 0
Ga F F F 5 0 0
Ganda F F F 5 5 5
Igbo F F F 35 20 15
Lingala F F F 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) F F F 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) F F F 45 15 30
Shona F F F 40 15 20
Swahili F F F 155 60 90
Wolof F F F 0 0 0
Yoruba F F F 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. F F F 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages F F F 105 50 55
Dinka F F F 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. F F F 60 20 40
Sign languages F F F 830 460 370
American Sign Language F F F 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language F F F 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e F F F 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages F F F 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages F F F 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese F F F 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka F F F 670 280 390
Mandarin F F F 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong F F F 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) F F F 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) F F F 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. F F F 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. F F F 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages F F F 1,630 820 810
Burmese F F F 685 350 335
Karenic languages F F F 685 335 350
Tibetan F F F 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. F F F 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages F F F 1,015 435 580
Lao F F F 335 160 175
Thai F F F 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e F F F 5 5 5
Turkic languages F F F 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani F F F 185 95 90
Turkish F F F 1,190 625 565
Uyghur F F F 100 50 50
Uzbek F F F 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. F F F 40 15 25
Uralic languages F F F 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian F F F 75 30 45
Finnish F F F 435 190 240
Hungarian F F F 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. F F F 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. F F F 110 50 60
Multiple responses F F F 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French F F F 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language F F F 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language F F F 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language F F F 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 F F F 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None F F F 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English F F F 232,050 112,195 119,850
French F F F 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language F F F 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal F F F 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal F F F 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French F F F 965 435 530
English and non-official language F F F 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language F F F 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language F F F 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 F F F 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data F F F 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) F F F 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data F F F 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) F F F 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data F F F 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) F F F 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data F F F 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) F F F 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data F F F 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) F F F 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 185 105 80 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data x x x 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) x x x 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data x x x 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) x x x 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data x x x 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) x x x 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data x x x 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) x x x 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data x x x 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) x x x 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 x x x 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 x x x 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 x x x 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 x x x 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 F F F 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 F F F 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 F F F 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 F F F 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 F F F 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income F F F 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income F F F 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income F F F 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) F F F 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 F F F 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 F F F 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 F F F 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 F F F 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 F F F 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 F F F 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 F F F 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 F F F 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 F F F 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over F F F 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 F F F 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over F F F 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 F F F 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income F F F 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income F F F 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income F F F 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) F F F 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 F F F 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 F F F 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 F F F 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 F F F 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 F F F 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 F F F 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 F F F 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over F F F 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 F F F 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 F F F 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over F F F 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 F F F 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income F F F 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income F F F 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income F F F 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) F F F 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 F F F 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 F F F 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 F F F 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 F F F 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 F F F 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 F F F 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 F F F 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 F F F 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over F F F 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 F F F 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 F F F 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over F F F 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 F ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) F ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) F ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data F ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) F ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) F ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data F ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) F ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) F ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 x ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) x ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) x ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data x ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) x ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) x ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data x ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) x ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) x ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 F ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 F ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 F ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 F ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 F ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 F ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 F ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 F ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 F ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 F ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 F ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 F ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 F ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 F ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 F ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 F ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over F ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 F ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 F ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 F ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over F ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 F ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 F ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 F ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 F ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 F ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 F ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 F ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 F ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 F ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 F ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 F ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 F ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 F ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 F ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 F ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 F ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over F ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 F ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 F ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over F ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 F ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) F ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) F ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families F ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data F ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) F ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) F ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives F ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data F ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) F ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) F ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children F ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data F ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) F ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) F ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families F ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 x ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) x ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) x ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data x ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) x ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) x ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data x ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) x ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) x ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data x ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) x ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) x ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 F F F 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 F F F 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 F F F 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 x x x 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 x x x 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 x x x 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 F F F 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution F F F 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile F F F 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile F F F 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile F F F 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile F F F 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile F F F 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution F F F 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile F F F 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile F F F 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile F F F 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile F F F 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile F F F 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 F F F 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years F F F 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years F F F 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years F F F 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over F F F 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) F F F 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years F F F 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years F F F 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years F F F 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over F F F 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) F F F 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) F F F 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) F F F 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) F F F 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) F F F 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) F F F 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years F F F 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years F F F 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years F F F 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over F F F 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) F F F 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) F F F 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) F F F 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) F F F 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) F F F 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 250 145 100 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 245 145 100 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 245 145 100 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 0 0 0 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 130 85 45 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 130 85 45 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 130 80 45 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 80 45 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 125 80 40 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 0 0 0 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 0 0 0 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 0 0 0 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 0 0 0 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 0 0 0 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 0 0 0 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 0 0 0 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 0 0 0 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 0 0 0 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 0 0 0 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 0 0 0 635 310 325
Latvian 0 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 0 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 0 0 0 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0