Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba and Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Manitoba

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg, CY
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Division No. 11, CDR
Manitoba
[Census division]
Data quality , Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba Data quality : Division No. 11, Census division [Census division], Manitoba  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 705,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 708,823  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 663,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 666,832  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 294,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 295,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 281,046  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,518.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 464.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 571.60  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 705,245 344,400 360,845 708,825 346,405 362,415
0 to 14 years 118,790 61,010 57,775 119,355 61,300 58,060
0 to 4 years 39,205 20,260 18,945 39,335 20,325 19,010
5 to 9 years 40,205 20,445 19,760 40,415 20,550 19,870
10 to 14 years 39,380 20,315 19,070 39,605 20,425 19,180
15 to 64 years 476,125 236,195 239,925 478,695 237,685 241,010
15 to 19 years 43,190 22,345 20,850 43,385 22,455 20,930
20 to 24 years 50,525 25,755 24,765 50,860 25,990 24,870
25 to 29 years 52,180 26,110 26,065 52,410 26,270 26,140
30 to 34 years 51,105 25,260 25,845 51,325 25,395 25,920
35 to 39 years 47,940 23,455 24,485 48,185 23,585 24,595
40 to 44 years 45,715 22,555 23,165 45,990 22,710 23,285
45 to 49 years 45,255 22,235 23,020 45,530 22,375 23,150
50 to 54 years 50,160 24,750 25,410 50,445 24,905 25,550
55 to 59 years 47,995 23,630 24,360 48,275 23,775 24,500
60 to 64 years 42,055 20,100 21,955 42,295 20,225 22,075
65 years and over 110,335 47,190 63,145 110,770 47,420 63,345
65 to 69 years 35,520 16,535 18,985 35,695 16,635 19,060
70 to 74 years 24,715 11,320 13,395 24,845 11,385 13,460
75 to 79 years 18,215 7,860 10,355 18,295 7,905 10,390
80 to 84 years 14,630 5,975 8,655 14,655 5,995 8,660
85 years and over 17,255 5,500 11,760 17,270 5,500 11,770
85 to 89 years 10,260 3,645 6,615 10,270 3,645 6,625
90 to 94 years 5,315 1,515 3,805 5,320 1,515 3,800
95 to 99 years 1,435 305 1,130 1,435 300 1,135
100 years and over 240 30 210 245 30 215
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.7 16.0 16.8 17.7 16.0
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.6 66.5 67.5 68.6 66.5
65 years and over 15.6 13.7 17.5 15.6 13.7 17.5
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.3 2.4 1.6 3.2
Average age of the population 39.9 38.6 41.1 39.9 38.6 41.1
Median age of the population 38.8 37.4 40.1 38.8 37.4 40.1
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 281,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 166,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 167,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 76,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 10,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 10,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 50,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 84,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 90,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 42,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 38,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 25,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 690,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 693,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 586,455 283,385 303,070 589,465 285,105 304,360
Married or living common law 317,815 158,875 158,940 319,770 159,895 159,875
Married 268,770 134,360 134,415 270,525 135,285 135,245
Living common law 49,045 24,515 24,530 49,245 24,610 24,630
Not married and not living common law 268,640 124,510 144,125 269,695 125,210 144,485
Never married 183,195 97,400 85,795 183,865 97,845 86,020
Separated 15,075 6,395 8,680 15,265 6,520 8,745
Divorced 35,835 13,770 22,065 35,920 13,835 22,085
Widowed 34,530 6,945 27,585 34,650 7,015 27,635
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 189,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 92,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 42,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 37,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 17,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 189,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 154,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 129,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 24,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 27,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 7,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 154,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 70,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 83,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 32,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 34,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 15,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 21,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 9,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 134,925 64,690 70,235 135,090 64,780 70,310
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 176,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 66,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 109,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 98,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 84,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 696,265 340,920 355,345 699,295 342,465 356,830
English only 614,005 304,395 309,610 616,790 305,830 310,960
French only 980 435 540 975 435 540
English and French 70,245 31,355 38,895 70,490 31,460 39,030
Neither English nor French 11,035 4,735 6,300 11,040 4,740 6,300
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 696,265 340,920 355,345 699,295 342,465 356,825
English 660,495 324,690 335,805 663,460 326,205 337,250
French 22,155 10,235 11,925 22,225 10,265 11,960
English and French 2,875 1,420 1,455 2,875 1,420 1,455
Neither English nor French 10,740 4,580 6,165 10,740 4,575 6,160
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 23,595 10,945 12,650 23,660 10,975 12,690
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.2 3.6 3.4 3.2 3.6
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 696,265 340,925 355,345 699,295 342,470 356,825
Single responses 673,580 329,940 343,640 676,590 331,475 345,110
Official languages 494,220 244,030 250,190 497,010 245,450 251,560
English 471,825 233,715 238,115 474,545 235,105 239,440
French 22,390 10,315 12,080 22,465 10,345 12,120
Non-official languages 179,355 85,910 93,445 179,575 86,025 93,555
Aboriginal languages 3,585 1,390 2,190 3,585 1,390 2,195
Algonquian languages 3,420 1,330 2,085 3,420 1,335 2,085
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,120 420 700 1,125 415 705
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 10 5 10
Plains Cree 40 20 25 45 15 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 325 125 200 325 120 200
Woods Cree 30 10 20 30 5 20
Cree, n.o.s. 705 260 445 705 265 445
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 5 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,290 910 1,380 2,295 910 1,380
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 1,590 630 960 1,595 635 960
Oji-Cree 695 275 420 695 280 415
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 10 30 40 10 35
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 45 10 30
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 45 10 35 45 10 35
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 20 35 55 15 40
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 10 30 40 15 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 10 25 10 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 10 25 35 10 20
Dakota 35 15 25 35 10 25
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 10 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 175,775 84,520 91,255 175,990 84,630 91,360
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,850 5,090 4,755 9,850 5,090 4,760
Berber languages 40 20 15 35 20 20
Kabyle 35 20 15 35 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 1,690 835 855 1,690 840 855
Bilen 125 70 60 125 70 55
Oromo 330 170 170 335 170 165
Somali 1,225 595 630 1,225 595 630
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 8,065 4,200 3,865 8,065 4,200 3,860
Amharic 1,520 745 775 1,520 745 775
Arabic 4,275 2,270 2,005 4,280 2,275 2,005
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 520 305 215 525 300 215
Maltese 30 10 20 30 10 20
Tigrigna 1,700 860 835 1,700 860 840
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,980 1,875 2,110 3,985 1,875 2,110
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 135 265 125 140
Vietnamese 3,715 1,745 1,970 3,720 1,750 1,975
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 48,210 22,370 25,840 48,225 22,375 25,850
Bikol 155 65 85 155 65 85
Cebuano 930 420 505 930 425 505
Fijian 5 0 5 10 5 5
Hiligaynon 355 155 205 355 155 205
Ilocano 1,265 585 675 1,270 590 675
Malagasy 0 0 5 5 0 5
Malay 150 60 90 145 60 85
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 595 290 310 600 290 305
Pangasinan 125 65 65 130 60 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,445 20,635 23,810 44,460 20,640 23,820
Waray-Waray 45 20 20 45 25 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 130 60 70
Creole languages 430 200 230 435 200 235
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 180 90 95 180 85 95
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 100 130 235 100 135
Dravidian languages 1,165 610 560 1,165 610 555
Kannada 80 45 40 85 45 35
Malayalam 520 265 255 520 265 250
Tamil 410 215 195 410 210 200
Telugu 155 85 65 150 85 65
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 85,055 41,140 43,920 85,240 41,235 44,005
Albanian 305 150 155 300 150 155
Armenian 60 30 25 60 30 25
Balto-Slavic languages 22,020 9,850 12,170 22,055 9,865 12,185
Baltic languages 110 50 65 110 50 65
Latvian 45 20 30 50 20 25
Lithuanian 65 30 35 65 25 35
Slavic languages 21,905 9,800 12,110 21,940 9,815 12,125
Belarusan 30 15 15 30 15 20
Bosnian 555 275 275 555 280 275
Bulgarian 125 60 65 125 60 60
Croatian 835 390 445 835 390 445
Czech 425 210 215 425 210 220
Macedonian 135 60 70 135 65 70
Polish 4,985 2,205 2,775 4,990 2,210 2,785
Russian 5,515 2,665 2,855 5,520 2,665 2,860
Serbian 610 310 300 610 310 300
Serbo-Croatian 230 110 120 235 110 120
Slovak 300 125 175 300 125 180
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 100 125 220 95 120
Ukrainian 7,880 3,240 4,635 7,900 3,255 4,645
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 60 35 25
Celtic languages 55 30 20 55 30 20
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 25 15 10
Welsh 20 10 10 20 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages 15,875 7,050 8,825 15,965 7,100 8,860
Afrikaans 150 75 70 150 80 70
Danish 165 75 85 165 75 85
Dutch 1,215 585 630 1,230 590 640
Frisian 25 10 15 25 10 10
German 13,595 5,985 7,615 13,665 6,025 7,640
Icelandic 145 50 95 145 55 95
Norwegian 50 20 30 55 20 30
Swedish 95 40 55 95 40 55
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 45 60 105 45 60
Yiddish 340 165 175 340 165 170
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Greek 1,145 575 565 1,150 580 570
Indo-Iranian languages 29,330 15,485 13,840 29,340 15,490 13,850
Indo-Aryan languages 26,685 14,155 12,530 26,700 14,160 12,540
Bengali 1,095 630 470 1,100 630 470
Gujarati 2,065 1,080 980 2,065 1,080 985
Hindi 2,065 1,100 970 2,065 1,095 965
Kashmiri 5 5 0 10 5 0
Konkani 30 15 15 25 20 15
Marathi 105 65 45 105 65 40
Nepali 710 350 360 710 350 360
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,190 9,040 8,145 17,200 9,045 8,150
Sindhi 50 25 25 50 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 625 320 300 620 320 300
Urdu 2,745 1,510 1,230 2,745 1,515 1,230
Iranian languages 2,545 1,275 1,265 2,550 1,275 1,270
Kurdish 390 205 190 395 200 190
Pashto 245 110 135 240 105 135
Persian (Farsi) 1,910 965 945 1,915 970 940
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 95 55 40
Italic (Romance) languages 16,280 7,970 8,315 16,315 7,980 8,335
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 3,365 1,650 1,720 3,380 1,655 1,725
Portuguese 5,685 2,735 2,945 5,690 2,740 2,945
Romanian 525 255 275 530 255 275
Spanish 6,690 3,310 3,375 6,705 3,320 3,380
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 485 165 315 485 165 315
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 15 10 10
Georgian 15 10 5 15 10 10
Korean 3,280 1,560 1,720 3,280 1,560 1,715
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 20 5 15
Mongolian 20 5 15 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 3,510 1,755 1,755 3,510 1,755 1,755
Akan (Twi) 130 70 55 130 70 55
Bamanankan 70 25 50 75 25 50
Edo 35 20 15 35 20 15
Ewe 25 20 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 30 65 30 30
Ga 15 5 5 15 10 5
Ganda 45 15 25 40 15 25
Igbo 275 145 125 270 150 125
Lingala 70 30 40 70 35 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 60 65 120 60 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 120 115 230 115 115
Shona 90 40 50 85 40 45
Swahili 820 395 425 820 390 425
Wolof 70 50 25 75 50 25
Yoruba 875 445 430 875 445 430
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 285 295 580 280 295
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 205 175 380 205 175
Dinka 170 90 80 165 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 215 120 95 215 120 95
Sign languages 315 170 145 315 175 140
American Sign Language 175 95 80 180 100 80
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 135 75 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,595 8,185 8,410 16,600 8,185 8,415
Chinese languages 16,035 7,905 8,130 16,040 7,910 8,135
Cantonese 6,055 2,865 3,190 6,060 2,865 3,195
Hakka 55 25 25 55 30 25
Mandarin 8,785 4,425 4,360 8,785 4,425 4,360
Min Dong 5 5 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 300 145 160 300 145 160
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 50 100 50 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 730 390 340 725 390 340
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 560 280 275 560 280 280
Burmese 80 50 30 80 50 30
Karenic languages 415 205 210 415 205 210
Tibetan 10 0 5 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 50 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 480 530 1,010 480 525
Lao 800 405 395 805 405 395
Thai 205 75 135 205 70 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 5
Turkic languages 300 160 140 300 165 135
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 30 15 15
Turkish 185 105 85 185 105 85
Uyghur 10 5 5 10 5 5
Uzbek 40 25 15 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 30 20 15
Uralic languages 1,055 465 590 1,060 470 590
Estonian 30 15 15 25 10 15
Finnish 130 50 75 125 50 75
Hungarian 900 405 495 905 405 500
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 120 70 50
Multiple responses 22,685 10,980 11,705 22,705 10,990 11,715
English and French 2,780 1,350 1,430 2,785 1,350 1,435
English and non-official language 18,955 9,135 9,820 18,970 9,135 9,830
French and non-official language 565 310 255 570 315 260
English, French and non-official language 385 190 200 390 190 200
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 696,265 340,925 355,345 699,295 342,470 356,825
Single responses 647,055 317,210 329,840 650,050 318,740 331,310
Official languages 555,505 272,420 283,090 558,480 273,940 284,545
English 546,075 268,225 277,845 549,040 269,740 279,305
French 9,435 4,195 5,240 9,440 4,200 5,245
Non-official languages 91,545 44,790 46,755 91,570 44,805 46,765
Aboriginal languages 925 400 525 925 400 530
Algonquian languages 905 390 510 905 390 515
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 260 105 150 255 105 150
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Plains Cree 5 5 5 5 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 20 25 45 20 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 200 80 120 195 80 120
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 645 285 360 645 285 360
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 365 155 205 365 160 205
Oji-Cree 285 125 160 285 130 155
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dakota 5 0 5 5 0 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,620 44,395 46,225 90,640 44,405 46,235
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,320 3,165 3,160 6,325 3,170 3,155
Berber languages 15 10 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 15 10 5 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 1,140 520 615 1,140 525 615
Bilen 95 50 45 95 50 45
Oromo 205 90 115 205 90 115
Somali 830 375 455 830 375 450
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 5,145 2,620 2,525 5,145 2,620 2,525
Amharic 875 430 445 875 435 440
Arabic 2,835 1,455 1,385 2,840 1,455 1,385
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 340 185 155 340 185 155
Maltese 10 5 0 5 5 5
Tigrigna 1,080 545 535 1,080 540 540
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,785 1,310 1,470 2,785 1,315 1,475
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 125 55 70
Vietnamese 2,660 1,260 1,400 2,665 1,260 1,405
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 24,745 11,735 13,010 24,750 11,735 13,010
Bikol 25 15 10 25 15 15
Cebuano 345 170 175 345 170 175
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 125 55 65 125 55 70
Ilocano 370 175 195 370 175 195
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 50 25 25 50 25 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 230 110 120 235 115 120
Pangasinan 30 15 10 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,540 11,155 12,385 23,545 11,160 12,380
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 10 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 20 10 15
Creole languages 200 80 115 195 85 120
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 90 45 50 90 40 45
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 40 60 100 35 65
Dravidian languages 580 285 295 580 280 295
Kannada 40 20 20 40 20 20
Malayalam 255 125 130 255 125 135
Tamil 205 105 105 205 100 105
Telugu 75 40 35 75 40 35
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 38,445 19,165 19,280 38,455 19,170 19,290
Albanian 150 80 75 150 75 75
Armenian 20 10 5 20 15 5
Balto-Slavic languages 8,315 3,970 4,345 8,315 3,975 4,345
Baltic languages 10 5 10 15 5 10
Latvian 5 5 5 10 5 5
Lithuanian 10 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 8,300 3,965 4,330 8,300 3,970 4,335
Belarusan 5 0 5 5 0 0
Bosnian 280 140 140 280 140 140
Bulgarian 60 30 30 65 35 30
Croatian 270 115 155 275 115 160
Czech 95 45 50 95 45 50
Macedonian 75 35 45 75 35 45
Polish 1,660 740 920 1,655 735 925
Russian 3,610 1,795 1,815 3,615 1,795 1,815
Serbian 330 165 160 330 165 160
Serbo-Croatian 85 40 50 90 35 50
Slovak 60 30 30 65 30 30
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 35 50 20 35
Ukrainian 1,700 800 895 1,700 800 895
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 5 5 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Germanic languages 1,635 735 900 1,635 730 900
Afrikaans 50 25 25 50 25 25
Danish 5 5 5 5 5 0
Dutch 65 30 35 65 30 35
Frisian 0 0 5 0 0 0
German 1,475 655 815 1,475 655 820
Icelandic 15 5 10 10 5 5
Norwegian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swedish 10 5 0 5 0 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 5 0 5
Yiddish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 485 220 260 480 220 260
Indo-Iranian languages 20,740 10,810 9,930 20,745 10,810 9,935
Indo-Aryan languages 19,035 10,000 9,040 19,040 10,000 9,045
Bengali 660 375 285 660 375 290
Gujarati 1,315 670 645 1,315 670 645
Hindi 1,200 640 560 1,200 645 560
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 0 5 10 0 5
Marathi 30 20 15 30 15 15
Nepali 535 260 270 535 260 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,225 6,915 6,310 13,225 6,915 6,315
Sindhi 25 10 15 25 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 340 180 160 340 180 160
Urdu 1,695 930 770 1,695 930 770
Iranian languages 1,665 790 870 1,660 790 870
Kurdish 255 125 130 255 125 135
Pashto 155 65 90 155 65 90
Persian (Farsi) 1,250 595 655 1,250 600 650
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 45 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 7,095 3,335 3,760 7,105 3,345 3,765
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 970 415 555 975 415 555
Portuguese 2,605 1,205 1,400 2,605 1,210 1,395
Romanian 205 100 110 210 95 110
Spanish 3,315 1,615 1,695 3,315 1,620 1,700
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 160 65 95 160 65 95
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 10 0 5
Georgian 5 5 0 5 5 5
Korean 2,540 1,235 1,305 2,540 1,235 1,305
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,285 635 650 1,285 630 650
Akan (Twi) 40 30 15 45 30 15
Bamanankan 15 5 5 15 5 10
Edo 5 0 0 5 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 10 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 30 15 15
Ga 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ganda 5 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 70 40 35 75 40 35
Lingala 40 20 20 45 25 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 30 30 60 25 30
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 45 100 55 50
Shona 10 5 10 10 5 5
Swahili 470 225 245 465 225 245
Wolof 30 15 10 25 15 10
Yoruba 285 145 135 285 145 135
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 40 70 110 40 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 70 130 60 70
Dinka 80 30 45 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 50 25 25
Sign languages 395 220 175 395 220 175
American Sign Language 195 110 85 195 110 85
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 200 110 90 200 110 90
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,125 6,010 6,110 12,120 6,010 6,110
Chinese languages 11,675 5,785 5,890 11,675 5,785 5,890
Cantonese 4,060 1,905 2,155 4,060 1,910 2,155
Hakka 25 10 10 25 15 10
Mandarin 6,890 3,500 3,390 6,885 3,500 3,395
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65 130 65 65
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 60 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 510 275 230 510 275 235
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 450 225 220 445 225 220
Burmese 50 30 25 55 30 25
Karenic languages 350 180 170 355 180 170
Tibetan 5 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 35 15 25
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 265 495 230 260
Lao 400 195 205 400 195 200
Thai 90 35 60 95 35 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 120 60 60 120 65 60
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 15 10 5
Turkish 60 30 30 60 30 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 20 15 30 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 5 10
Uralic languages 255 115 140 255 120 135
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 20 15 5 15 15 10
Hungarian 235 105 130 235 105 130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 35 15 20
Multiple responses 49,210 23,710 25,505 49,240 23,725 25,520
English and French 2,055 950 1,105 2,060 950 1,110
English and non-official language 46,025 22,215 23,810 46,055 22,230 23,825
French and non-official language 350 175 175 355 175 175
English, French and non-official language 780 365 410 780 370 410
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 696,265 340,925 355,340 699,295 342,465 356,830
None 589,060 290,070 298,985 591,955 291,555 300,400
English 45,760 22,350 23,405 45,780 22,360 23,420
French 11,860 5,185 6,680 11,900 5,200 6,700
Non-official language 47,600 22,345 25,255 47,675 22,380 25,290
Aboriginal 2,330 915 1,415 2,330 920 1,415
Non-Aboriginal 45,270 21,430 23,840 45,345 21,465 23,880
English and French 250 125 125 250 125 125
English and non-official language 1,170 595 575 1,170 590 580
French and non-official language 555 250 310 555 250 305
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 15 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 571,580 277,450 294,130 574,035 278,705 295,330
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 543,905 263,405 280,500 546,290 264,625 281,660
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,964 40,204 30,683 35,020 40,278 30,725
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,005 263,415 280,585 546,385 264,635 281,745
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,968 34,915 27,685 31,008 34,966 27,713
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 492,435 243,220 249,215 494,760 244,420 250,340
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,485 39,231 28,370 33,539 39,300 28,414
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 402,285 175,015 227,275 403,655 175,570 228,085
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,345 1,403 4,645 3,348 1,404 4,637
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 412,400 210,395 202,005 414,345 211,440 202,905
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,795 39,583 30,503 34,835 39,634 30,536
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 571,580 277,430 294,145 574,035 278,700 295,335
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 543,880 263,420 280,460 546,280 264,665 281,615
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,916 52,162 38,110 45,051 52,354 38,188
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,000 263,440 280,565 546,400 264,680 281,720
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,742 41,752 32,037 36,821 41,875 32,073
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 492,600 243,375 249,225 494,940 244,595 250,345
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,106 52,146 36,256 44,246 52,340 36,338
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 402,440 174,890 227,550 403,865 175,480 228,385
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,714 6,001 7,262 6,714 6,005 7,258
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 412,400 210,205 202,200 414,345 211,265 203,080
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,874 50,708 36,769 43,992 50,877 36,830
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 571,580 277,430 294,150 574,035 278,700 295,335
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 200,000 111,255 88,740 201,050 111,895 89,155
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,937 55,422 46,147 50,999 55,517 46,191
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,165 67,524 53,193 61,316 67,739 53,255
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.3 84.5 88.9 92.4 84.5
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.1 77.6 69.6 74.1 77.6 69.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.7 15.5 11.1 7.6 15.5
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 571,580 277,450 294,130 574,035 278,710 295,325
Without total income 27,670 14,045 13,630 27,750 14,080 13,670
With total income 543,905 263,405 280,500 546,290 264,625 281,660
Percentage with total income 95.2 94.9 95.4 95.2 94.9 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 76,220 34,900 41,315 76,445 35,005 41,445
$10,000 to $19,999 82,790 32,740 50,050 83,025 32,825 50,205
$20,000 to $29,999 77,155 31,170 45,985 77,375 31,270 46,105
$30,000 to $39,999 71,645 32,175 39,470 71,845 32,265 39,580
$40,000 to $49,999 63,520 30,325 33,195 63,760 30,440 33,320
$50,000 to $59,999 47,690 25,865 21,820 47,920 25,975 21,945
$60,000 to $69,999 34,250 19,830 14,425 34,425 19,920 14,505
$70,000 to $79,999 25,050 14,765 10,280 25,200 14,855 10,350
$80,000 to $89,999 19,750 11,340 8,410 19,890 11,405 8,490
$90,000 to $99,999 12,580 7,395 5,190 12,690 7,450 5,240
$100,000 and over 33,265 22,900 10,360 33,715 23,225 10,495
$100,000 to $149,999 23,095 15,460 7,635 23,355 15,625 7,725
$150,000 and over 10,165 7,440 2,730 10,365 7,595 2,765
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 571,580 277,450 294,130 574,035 278,705 295,325
Without after-tax income 27,575 14,035 13,540 27,650 14,070 13,580
With after-tax income 544,000 263,420 280,590 546,385 264,640 281,745
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 94.9 95.4 95.2 95.0 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 78,630 35,395 43,235 78,880 35,505 43,375
$10,000 to $19,999 89,555 35,715 53,835 89,825 35,815 54,005
$20,000 to $29,999 94,770 39,705 55,065 95,030 39,815 55,215
$30,000 to $39,999 89,425 41,635 47,795 89,730 41,780 47,945
$40,000 to $49,999 68,040 35,850 32,200 68,345 35,985 32,365
$50,000 to $59,999 45,510 26,360 19,145 45,750 26,500 19,250
$60,000 to $69,999 30,760 17,775 12,985 30,955 17,885 13,070
$70,000 to $79,999 17,980 10,705 7,275 18,135 10,790 7,350
$80,000 and over 29,325 20,270 9,055 29,735 20,565 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 10,065 6,575 3,485 10,170 6,640 3,525
$90,000 to $99,999 5,750 3,945 1,800 5,820 3,985 1,830
$100,000 and over 13,510 9,745 3,760 13,745 9,930 3,810
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 571,580 277,450 294,130 574,035 278,710 295,330
Without employment income 159,175 67,050 92,125 159,690 67,270 92,420
With employment income 412,405 210,395 202,005 414,345 211,440 202,905
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.8 68.7 72.2 75.9 68.7
Under $5,000 (including loss) 46,315 21,735 24,585 46,540 21,855 24,690
$5,000 to $9,999 29,640 12,975 16,670 29,760 13,025 16,730
$10,000 to $19,999 53,530 23,765 29,765 53,735 23,860 29,875
$20,000 to $29,999 51,785 23,360 28,420 51,935 23,435 28,500
$30,000 to $39,999 51,805 24,355 27,455 51,960 24,425 27,535
$40,000 to $49,999 45,820 22,620 23,205 45,985 22,685 23,300
$50,000 to $59,999 35,450 20,060 15,390 35,610 20,125 15,485
$60,000 to $69,999 25,830 15,285 10,545 25,965 15,365 10,600
$70,000 to $79,999 19,880 11,925 7,955 19,995 11,990 8,000
$80,000 and over 52,335 34,315 18,020 52,865 34,680 18,190
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565 9,500 7,060 16,675 9,560 7,115
$90,000 to $99,999 10,100 6,220 3,880 10,175 6,265 3,910
$100,000 and over 25,670 18,595 7,080 26,015 18,855 7,160
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,552  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,987  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 84,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,389  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,621  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,632  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 196,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,066  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,189  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,921  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 84,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,404  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 196,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,739  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,118  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,642  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 281,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 83,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 19,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 281,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 5,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 56,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 16,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 187,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,756  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,928  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,198  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,327  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 65,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 83,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,956  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,232  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,344  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,557  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,572  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,774  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,791  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 187,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,053  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,202  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,433  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 65,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,087  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,262  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 83,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,628  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,482  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,767  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 112,900 54,860 58,045 113,040 54,935 58,100
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,470 34,994 32,247 33,484 35,016 32,255
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,799 30,688 29,081 29,809 30,706 29,087
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 112,680 54,700 57,985 112,795 54,770 58,030
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,061 42,846 39,377 41,070 42,848 39,391
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,013 34,887 33,188 34,019 34,888 33,198
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 690,000 338,265 351,735 693,025 339,810 353,220
In the bottom half of the distribution 368,405 176,125 192,285 369,100 176,480 192,620
In the bottom decile 78,315 38,370 39,940 78,425 38,440 39,990
In the second decile 68,390 30,905 37,480 68,475 30,945 37,525
In the third decile 72,380 34,120 38,260 72,505 34,175 38,330
In the fourth decile 74,275 36,015 38,260 74,430 36,100 38,330
In the fifth decile 75,050 36,710 38,340 75,260 36,825 38,440
In the top half of the distribution 321,595 162,145 159,450 323,930 163,330 160,600
In the sixth decile 73,740 36,675 37,060 73,995 36,795 37,200
In the seventh decile 71,565 35,885 35,680 71,890 36,050 35,840
In the eighth decile 67,470 33,960 33,510 67,885 34,170 33,715
In the ninth decile 60,780 30,930 29,855 61,295 31,200 30,095
In the top decile 48,050 24,700 23,350 48,865 25,120 23,750
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 690,005 338,270 351,740 693,025 339,810 353,215
0 to 17 years 143,460 73,840 69,625 144,135 74,180 69,955
0 to 5 years 46,950 24,170 22,775 47,120 24,255 22,865
18 to 64 years 446,715 220,470 226,245 448,640 221,435 227,200
65 years and over 99,825 43,960 55,865 100,255 44,195 56,065
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 109,540 51,615 57,920 109,680 51,700 57,980
0 to 17 years 32,990 16,960 16,030 33,030 16,995 16,040
0 to 5 years 12,005 6,215 5,795 12,015 6,215 5,800
18 to 64 years 64,450 30,475 33,980 64,540 30,525 34,020
65 years and over 12,100 4,180 7,915 12,105 4,190 7,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.3 16.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
0 to 17 years (%) 23.0 23.0 23.0 22.9 22.9 22.9
0 to 5 years (%) 25.6 25.7 25.4 25.5 25.6 25.4
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
65 years and over (%) 12.1 9.5 14.2 12.1 9.5 14.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,945 44,300 47,645 92,005 44,340 47,670
0 to 17 years 25,905 13,275 12,630 25,920 13,285 12,635
0 to 5 years 9,570 4,920 4,645 9,575 4,925 4,650
18 to 64 years 58,300 28,335 29,965 58,350 28,365 29,985
65 years and over 7,740 2,685 5,050 7,740 2,690 5,055
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.3 13.1 13.5 13.3 13.0 13.5
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.0 18.1 18.0 17.9 18.1
0 to 5 years (%) 20.4 20.4 20.4 20.3 20.3 20.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.1 12.9 13.2 13.0 12.8 13.2
65 years and over (%) 7.8 6.1 9.0 7.7 6.1 9.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 690,000 338,270 351,735 693,030 339,810 353,220
Official languages 679,015 333,455 345,555 682,040 334,995 347,035
English 678,135 333,060 345,080 681,160 334,600 346,555
French 70,225 31,345 38,885 70,545 31,470 39,070
Non-official languages 220,925 105,860 115,060 221,185 106,000 115,185
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,230 3,415 5,645 2,230 3,420
Algonquian languages 5,400 2,130 3,270 5,400 2,135 3,265
Blackfoot 10 0 0 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,870 740 1,135 1,870 740 1,135
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 35 10 30
Plains Cree 105 50 50 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 500 220 280 500 220 280
Woods Cree 55 25 30 55 25 30
Cree, n.o.s. 1,175 435 740 1,175 435 740
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,685 1,455 2,230 3,690 1,460 2,230
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 2,580 1,035 1,550 2,580 1,035 1,545
Oji-Cree 1,105 420 680 1,100 425 680
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 75 15 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 75 15 60
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 75 10 60 75 15 60
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 25 30 55 20 30
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 40 10 30 40 10 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 10 10
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 15 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 65 30 30 65 30 30
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 20 15 35 20 15
Dakota 35 20 15 35 20 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 0 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 0 20 10 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 215,340 103,665 111,680 215,605 103,810 111,800
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,575 7,635 6,935 14,575 7,640 6,935
Berber languages 75 35 35 75 40 35
Kabyle 45 25 20 50 25 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 35 20 15
Cushitic languages 2,220 1,145 1,075 2,220 1,140 1,075
Bilen 150 80 70 145 75 65
Oromo 530 270 260 530 270 265
Somali 1,530 785 745 1,535 785 750
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 20 15 0
Semitic languages 12,605 6,655 5,955 12,610 6,655 5,955
Amharic 2,185 1,175 1,005 2,185 1,180 1,005
Arabic 6,080 3,280 2,810 6,085 3,275 2,810
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 10 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 10 10 0
Harari 10 10 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 3,210 1,645 1,570 3,215 1,645 1,565
Maltese 45 10 25 45 15 25
Tigrigna 2,125 1,105 1,020 2,125 1,110 1,015
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 10 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 125 60 65
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,955 2,410 2,545 4,955 2,410 2,545
Khmer (Cambodian) 325 175 140 325 180 140
Vietnamese 4,645 2,245 2,405 4,645 2,240 2,405
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 59,420 27,390 32,035 59,420 27,390 32,030
Bikol 210 95 110 210 95 110
Cebuano 1,200 595 605 1,200 595 605
Fijian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 395 160 235 395 165 230
Ilocano 1,790 855 930 1,785 855 935
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 315 160 155 310 160 155
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 910 400 510 910 405 505
Pangasinan 210 95 110 210 95 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,520 26,925 31,595 58,525 26,925 31,595
Waray-Waray 100 50 50 100 50 50
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 140 55 80
Creole languages 965 440 525 965 440 525
Haitian Creole 25 0 15 20 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 410 210 205 415 210 205
Creole languages, n.i.e. 555 240 310 555 245 310
Dravidian languages 1,290 605 685 1,295 610 685
Kannada 160 85 70 160 85 70
Malayalam 480 190 290 480 190 290
Tamil 570 275 290 570 280 290
Telugu 175 95 80 170 95 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 104,005 50,555 53,450 104,250 50,680 53,565
Albanian 375 190 185 375 195 185
Armenian 55 45 15 60 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 24,705 11,445 13,260 24,750 11,465 13,285
Baltic languages 165 85 80 165 85 85
Latvian 65 30 35 65 30 35
Lithuanian 100 55 45 100 50 50
Slavic languages 24,580 11,390 13,195 24,615 11,405 13,215
Belarusan 55 20 30 55 20 30
Bosnian 810 400 410 810 400 415
Bulgarian 135 80 55 135 80 55
Croatian 1,330 620 715 1,330 620 710
Czech 535 240 295 535 235 300
Macedonian 125 70 55 125 70 55
Polish 5,985 2,770 3,215 5,990 2,770 3,215
Russian 7,660 3,770 3,890 7,660 3,765 3,890
Serbian 810 435 375 810 435 375
Serbo-Croatian 180 70 110 180 70 110
Slovak 365 155 210 375 160 215
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 95 160 255 100 160
Ukrainian 9,560 4,145 5,415 9,585 4,160 5,425
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 50 25 20
Celtic languages 95 60 30 90 60 35
Scottish Gaelic 65 50 15 65 50 15
Welsh 10 10 10 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 15 0 15
Germanic languages 19,085 8,690 10,400 19,180 8,750 10,430
Afrikaans 275 125 145 275 125 150
Danish 160 60 100 160 60 100
Dutch 1,380 670 710 1,400 685 715
Frisian 35 15 15 35 20 15
German 16,360 7,505 8,850 16,425 7,550 8,875
Icelandic 205 60 145 200 65 145
Norwegian 150 60 95 155 60 95
Swedish 175 55 115 175 60 120
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 35 60 100 40 60
Yiddish 540 230 310 540 230 310
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 45 25 15
Greek 1,795 915 880 1,840 940 895
Indo-Iranian languages 35,065 18,495 16,575 35,070 18,490 16,575
Indo-Aryan languages 32,370 17,140 15,230 32,365 17,135 15,230
Bengali 1,435 840 595 1,435 840 595
Gujarati 2,745 1,440 1,305 2,745 1,435 1,305
Hindi 11,240 6,005 5,235 11,240 6,005 5,230
Kashmiri 15 15 10 15 15 0
Konkani 35 25 15 35 25 10
Marathi 220 125 90 220 130 95
Nepali 600 285 320 600 280 320
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 10 20 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,585 11,330 10,255 21,585 11,330 10,255
Sindhi 140 80 55 140 80 60
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 870 470 405 870 465 405
Urdu 4,185 2,360 1,825 4,185 2,360 1,825
Iranian languages 2,795 1,390 1,405 2,800 1,390 1,410
Kurdish 575 280 295 570 280 295
Pashto 270 120 150 270 120 145
Persian (Farsi) 2,110 1,075 1,035 2,115 1,080 1,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 110 90 205 115 90
Italic (Romance) languages 25,220 11,865 13,355 25,275 11,890 13,385
Catalan 10 0 10 15 10 10
Italian 4,705 2,270 2,435 4,720 2,270 2,445
Portuguese 7,170 3,440 3,735 7,190 3,445 3,740
Romanian 665 340 325 665 345 325
Spanish 13,395 6,165 7,230 13,430 6,185 7,245
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 40 0 40 35 10
Japanese 1,005 470 535 1,015 480 545
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 10 0 15
Georgian 10 0 10 10 0 15
Korean 3,710 1,815 1,895 3,705 1,815 1,890
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 50 20 30
Mongolian 50 20 30 50 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 7,260 3,695 3,560 7,255 3,695 3,560
Akan (Twi) 210 130 80 210 125 80
Bamanankan 145 90 60 150 90 60
Edo 90 60 35 90 60 30
Ewe 50 25 25 50 25 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 20 50 25 20
Ga 20 10 10 20 10 0
Ganda 175 80 100 180 80 95
Igbo 625 315 310 620 315 310
Lingala 645 305 340 640 300 335
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 95 100 190 95 100
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 150 305 155 150
Shona 195 80 115 195 80 115
Swahili 1,820 960 865 1,820 965 860
Wolof 155 85 70 150 85 70
Yoruba 2,365 1,185 1,180 2,365 1,185 1,180
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,235 630 610 1,235 630 610
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 405 225 185
Dinka 180 105 75 180 100 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 120 105 230 120 110
Sign languages 1,910 725 1,185 1,910 730 1,180
American Sign Language 1,270 495 780 1,275 495 780
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 650 245 410 650 240 410
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,775 9,310 9,460 18,775 9,310 9,465
Chinese languages 18,120 9,010 9,105 18,120 9,010 9,110
Cantonese 7,705 3,625 4,075 7,705 3,625 4,080
Hakka 45 25 20 45 25 20
Mandarin 11,220 5,655 5,565 11,215 5,655 5,560
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 440 205 235 445 205 235
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 80 60 145 85 60
Chinese, n.o.s. 810 445 365 810 445 365
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 665 300 360 665 300 365
Burmese 185 115 70 185 120 65
Karenic languages 460 200 260 465 200 260
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 55 75 135 55 75
Tai-Kadai languages 1,405 645 755 1,400 645 755
Lao 1,035 480 560 1,040 480 560
Thai 485 220 260 480 225 260
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 415 210 205 420 210 200
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 55 25 30
Turkish 295 150 140 295 155 140
Uyghur 30 20 15 30 15 10
Uzbek 15 0 10 20 10 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,185 550 635 1,190 555 630
Estonian 50 20 30 45 20 30
Finnish 130 50 85 125 50 80
Hungarian 1,005 475 525 1,010 480 525
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 375 240 130 375 240 130
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 690,005 338,265 351,735 693,030 339,810 353,220
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 609,455 297,740 311,715 612,425 299,260 313,165
Canadian citizens aged under 18 127,495 65,420 62,075 128,140 65,740 62,400
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 481,955 232,320 249,635 484,280 233,515 250,770
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 80,550 40,525 40,025 80,605 40,550 40,055
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 690,005 338,270 351,740 693,030 339,810 353,215
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 500,565 245,535 255,030 503,440 247,005 256,435
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 176,155 85,435 90,725 176,305 85,500 90,805
Before 1981 37,655 17,285 20,370 37,755 17,335 20,420
1981 to 1990 16,165 8,185 7,975 16,175 8,195 7,980
1991 to 2000 17,875 8,560 9,315 17,880 8,560 9,320
2001 to 2010 52,440 25,835 26,605 52,460 25,840 26,615
2001 to 2005 15,940 7,785 8,155 15,945 7,785 8,165
2006 to 2010 36,505 18,055 18,450 36,510 18,060 18,455
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,020 25,560 26,465 52,030 25,565 26,465
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,285 7,305 5,980 13,285 7,305 5,980
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 176,155 85,430 90,725 176,305 85,500 90,805
Under 5 years 17,810 8,975 8,835 17,840 8,985 8,860
5 to 14 years 32,890 16,765 16,125 32,935 16,800 16,135
15 to 24 years 34,765 16,065 18,700 34,785 16,075 18,705
25 to 44 years 75,960 36,495 39,465 76,015 36,515 39,495
45 years and over 14,730 7,125 7,605 14,730 7,125 7,605
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 176,155 85,430 90,725 176,305 85,500 90,805
Americas 16,190 7,655 8,540 16,205 7,660 8,550
Brazil 385 155 230 385 150 230
Colombia 530 235 290 535 240 290
El Salvador 1,490 795 695 1,490 795 695
Guyana 1,065 480 585 1,060 480 585
Haiti 75 40 35 75 45 35
Jamaica 1,570 720 845 1,570 725 845
Mexico 730 370 360 735 375 360
Peru 195 85 105 195 85 110
Trinidad and Tobago 1,390 715 670 1,385 720 670
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,105 1,885 2,215 4,110 1,885 2,230
Other places of birth in Americas 4,670 2,165 2,505 4,670 2,165 2,510
Europe 36,455 17,505 18,950 36,555 17,560 18,995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,015 505 505 1,015 510 505
Croatia 855 370 480 855 370 485
France 465 245 220 470 250 225
Germany 3,980 1,880 2,100 4,000 1,885 2,110
Greece 770 420 350 770 420 355
Hungary 680 350 325 680 355 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 390 175 215 400 190 215
Italy 2,465 1,270 1,195 2,470 1,265 1,205
Netherlands 1,010 535 475 1,020 545 475
Poland 4,240 1,950 2,290 4,240 1,950 2,290
Portugal 3,805 1,875 1,925 3,810 1,880 1,925
Romania 625 305 320 625 305 320
Russian Federation 1,965 905 1,060 1,965 905 1,065
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 325 170 155 325 170 155
Ukraine 3,605 1,690 1,915 3,615 1,690 1,925
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,870 3,265 3,605 6,890 3,280 3,615
Other places of birth in Europe 3,400 1,600 1,800 3,405 1,600 1,805
Africa 15,935 8,310 7,625 15,935 8,310 7,625
Algeria 100 50 50 105 55 50
Egypt 890 485 410 890 485 410
Ethiopia 2,210 1,170 1,040 2,210 1,170 1,045
Kenya 895 435 455 895 440 455
Morocco 220 115 105 220 115 105
Nigeria 3,490 1,880 1,610 3,490 1,885 1,610
Somalia 745 340 405 750 345 405
South Africa, Republic of 530 235 290 530 235 290
Other places of birth in Africa 6,850 3,590 3,265 6,850 3,595 3,260
Asia 107,125 51,750 55,370 107,155 51,760 55,395
Afghanistan 605 280 325 610 280 330
Bangladesh 845 465 385 845 460 385
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,560 3,635 3,930 7,565 3,640 3,925
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,370 655 715 1,370 660 715
India 19,430 10,020 9,415