Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg, CY
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 705,244 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 663,617 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 294,245 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 281,046 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,518.8 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 464.33 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 705,245 344,400 360,845 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 118,790 61,010 57,775 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 39,205 20,260 18,945 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 40,205 20,445 19,760 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 39,380 20,315 19,070 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 476,125 236,195 239,925 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 43,190 22,345 20,850 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 50,525 25,755 24,765 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 52,180 26,110 26,065 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 51,105 25,260 25,845 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 47,940 23,455 24,485 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 45,715 22,555 23,165 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 45,255 22,235 23,020 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 50,160 24,750 25,410 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 47,995 23,630 24,360 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 42,055 20,100 21,955 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 110,335 47,190 63,145 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 35,520 16,535 18,985 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 24,715 11,320 13,395 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 18,215 7,860 10,355 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 14,630 5,975 8,655 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 17,255 5,500 11,760 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 10,260 3,645 6,615 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 5,315 1,515 3,805 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 1,435 305 1,130 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 240 30 210 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.7 16.0 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.6 66.5 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 15.6 13.7 17.5 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.3 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 39.9 38.6 41.1 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 38.8 37.4 40.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 281,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 166,955 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,730 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 76,725 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,590 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 10,060 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,095 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 50,660 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 320 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 630 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 281,045 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 84,595 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 90,015 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 42,585 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 38,335 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,510 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 690,005 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 586,455 283,385 303,070 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 317,815 158,875 158,940 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 268,770 134,360 134,415 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 49,045 24,515 24,530 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 268,640 124,510 144,125 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 183,195 97,400 85,795 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 15,075 6,395 8,680 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 35,835 13,770 22,065 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 34,530 6,945 27,585 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 189,400 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 92,125 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 42,260 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 37,665 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,340 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 189,400 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 154,280 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 129,765 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,520 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 35,115 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 27,985 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 7,130 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 154,280 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 70,770 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 83,510 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 32,730 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 34,830 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 15,950 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 35,115 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 21,355 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 9,530 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 4,230 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 134,925 64,690 70,235 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 281,045 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 176,670 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 66,695 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 109,975 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,170 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 98,205 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 84,595 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,605 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 696,265 340,920 355,345 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 614,005 304,395 309,610 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 980 435 540 1,485 680 800
English and French 70,245 31,355 38,895 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 11,035 4,735 6,300 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 696,265 340,920 355,345 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 660,495 324,690 335,805 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 22,155 10,235 11,925 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 2,875 1,420 1,455 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 10,740 4,580 6,165 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 23,595 10,945 12,650 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.2 3.6 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 696,265 340,925 355,345 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 673,580 329,940 343,640 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 494,220 244,030 250,190 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 471,825 233,715 238,115 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 22,390 10,315 12,080 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 179,355 85,910 93,445 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 3,585 1,390 2,190 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 3,420 1,330 2,085 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,120 420 700 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 30 5 20
Plains Cree 40 20 25 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 325 125 200 745 305 440
Woods Cree 30 10 20 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 705 260 445 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,290 910 1,380 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 1,590 630 960 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 695 275 420 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 10 30 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 45 10 35 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 20 35 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 45 10 30 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 10 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 10 25 630 305 330
Dakota 35 15 25 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 175,775 84,520 91,255 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,850 5,090 4,755 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 40 20 15 40 25 15
Kabyle 35 20 15 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,690 835 855 1,750 875 875
Bilen 125 70 60 155 85 70
Oromo 330 170 170 345 175 170
Somali 1,225 595 630 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 8,065 4,200 3,865 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 1,520 745 775 1,770 885 885
Arabic 4,275 2,270 2,005 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 520 305 215 545 320 225
Maltese 30 10 20 40 20 25
Tigrigna 1,700 860 835 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,980 1,875 2,110 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 135 280 135 145
Vietnamese 3,715 1,745 1,970 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 48,210 22,370 25,840 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 155 65 85 175 80 95
Cebuano 930 420 505 1,245 565 675
Fijian 5 0 5 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 355 155 205 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,265 585 675 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 150 60 90 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 595 290 310 655 315 340
Pangasinan 125 65 65 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,445 20,635 23,810 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 45 20 20 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 150 70 85
Creole languages 430 200 230 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 180 90 95 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 100 130 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 1,165 610 560 1,565 825 735
Kannada 80 45 40 95 50 40
Malayalam 520 265 255 790 410 380
Tamil 410 215 195 480 255 230
Telugu 155 85 65 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 85,055 41,140 43,920 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 305 150 155 350 170 180
Armenian 60 30 25 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 22,020 9,850 12,170 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 110 50 65 165 65 95
Latvian 45 20 30 80 35 45
Lithuanian 65 30 35 85 35 45
Slavic languages 21,905 9,800 12,110 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 30 15 15 40 20 25
Bosnian 555 275 275 575 285 290
Bulgarian 125 60 65 140 70 65
Croatian 835 390 445 1,030 505 530
Czech 425 210 215 615 310 310
Macedonian 135 60 70 145 70 75
Polish 4,985 2,205 2,775 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 5,515 2,665 2,855 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 610 310 300 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 230 110 120 240 110 130
Slovak 300 125 175 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 100 125 270 130 140
Ukrainian 7,880 3,240 4,635 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 75 40 30
Celtic languages 55 30 20 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 50 25 20
Welsh 20 10 10 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 15,875 7,050 8,825 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 150 75 70 420 220 205
Danish 165 75 85 280 145 135
Dutch 1,215 585 630 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 25 10 15 55 30 25
German 13,595 5,985 7,615 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 145 50 95 475 210 260
Norwegian 50 20 30 115 45 65
Swedish 95 40 55 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 45 60 310 125 180
Yiddish 340 165 175 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 1,145 575 565 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 29,330 15,485 13,840 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 26,685 14,155 12,530 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 1,095 630 470 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 2,065 1,080 980 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 2,065 1,100 970 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 5 5
Konkani 30 15 15 35 20 15
Marathi 105 65 45 135 80 50
Nepali 710 350 360 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,190 9,040 8,145 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 50 25 25 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 625 320 300 670 345 320
Urdu 2,745 1,510 1,230 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 2,545 1,275 1,265 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 390 205 190 415 210 200
Pashto 245 110 135 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 1,910 965 945 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 16,280 7,970 8,315 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 3,365 1,650 1,720 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 5,685 2,735 2,945 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 525 255 275 645 310 335
Spanish 6,690 3,310 3,375 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Japanese 485 165 315 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 15 10 10
Georgian 15 10 5 15 5 5
Korean 3,280 1,560 1,720 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 20 5 15
Mongolian 20 5 15 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 3,510 1,755 1,755 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 130 70 55 150 90 65
Bamanankan 70 25 50 75 25 45
Edo 35 20 15 40 20 15
Ewe 25 20 10 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 30 65 35 30
Ga 15 5 5 15 10 5
Ganda 45 15 25 50 20 30
Igbo 275 145 125 280 155 130
Lingala 70 30 40 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 60 65 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 120 115 250 125 120
Shona 90 40 50 110 50 60
Swahili 820 395 425 870 420 455
Wolof 70 50 25 75 50 25
Yoruba 875 445 430 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 285 295 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 205 175 395 215 180
Dinka 170 90 80 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 215 120 95 225 125 100
Sign languages 315 170 145 440 230 210
American Sign Language 175 95 80 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,595 8,185 8,410 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 16,035 7,905 8,130 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 6,055 2,865 3,190 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 55 25 25 55 30 25
Mandarin 8,785 4,425 4,360 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 5 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 300 145 160 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 50 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 730 390 340 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 560 280 275 575 295 285
Burmese 80 50 30 85 50 30
Karenic languages 415 205 210 430 215 220
Tibetan 10 0 5 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 480 530 1,120 525 595
Lao 800 405 395 875 445 430
Thai 205 75 135 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 300 160 140 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 30 20 15
Turkish 185 105 85 210 120 95
Uyghur 10 5 5 10 5 10
Uzbek 40 25 15 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,055 465 590 1,440 655 790
Estonian 30 15 15 30 10 15
Finnish 130 50 75 225 85 135
Hungarian 900 405 495 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 155 85 70
Multiple responses 22,685 10,980 11,705 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 2,780 1,350 1,430 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 18,955 9,135 9,820 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 565 310 255 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 385 190 200 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 696,265 340,925 355,345 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 647,055 317,210 329,840 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 555,505 272,420 283,090 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 546,075 268,225 277,845 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 9,435 4,195 5,240 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 91,545 44,790 46,755 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 925 400 525 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 905 390 510 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 260 105 150 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 5 5 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 20 25 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 200 80 120 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 645 285 360 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 365 155 205 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 285 125 160 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 5 0 5 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,620 44,395 46,225 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,320 3,165 3,160 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 15 10 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 15 10 5 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 1,140 520 615 1,185 550 630
Bilen 95 50 45 120 65 55
Oromo 205 90 115 210 95 115
Somali 830 375 455 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 5,145 2,620 2,525 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 875 430 445 1,045 520 525
Arabic 2,835 1,455 1,385 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 340 185 155 355 195 160
Maltese 10 5 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 1,080 545 535 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,785 1,310 1,470 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 125 55 70
Vietnamese 2,660 1,260 1,400 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 24,745 11,735 13,010 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 25 15 10 30 15 15
Cebuano 345 170 175 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 125 55 65 125 55 75
Ilocano 370 175 195 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 50 25 25 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 230 110 120 245 120 130
Pangasinan 30 15 10 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,540 11,155 12,385 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 30 15 15
Creole languages 200 80 115 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 90 45 50 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 40 60 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 580 285 295 800 400 400
Kannada 40 20 20 45 25 25
Malayalam 255 125 130 405 195 205
Tamil 205 105 105 240 120 120
Telugu 75 40 35 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 38,445 19,165 19,280 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 150 80 75 155 80 75
Armenian 20 10 5 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 8,315 3,970 4,345 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 10 5 10 25 10 15
Latvian 5 5 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 10 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 8,300 3,965 4,330 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 5 0 5 0 5 0
Bosnian 280 140 140 285 145 140
Bulgarian 60 30 30 65 30 30
Croatian 270 115 155 320 145 180
Czech 95 45 50 115 55 60
Macedonian 75 35 45 85 35 45
Polish 1,660 740 920 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 3,610 1,795 1,815 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 330 165 160 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 85 40 50 90 40 50
Slovak 60 30 30 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 35 55 20 30
Ukrainian 1,700 800 895 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,635 735 900 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 50 25 25 200 100 100
Danish 5 5 5 10 5 5
Dutch 65 30 35 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 5 10 5 5
German 1,475 655 815 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 15 5 10 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 10 5 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 485 220 260 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 20,740 10,810 9,930 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 19,035 10,000 9,040 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 660 375 285 690 390 305
Gujarati 1,315 670 645 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 1,200 640 560 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 10 0 5 10 5 5
Marathi 30 20 15 40 25 20
Nepali 535 260 270 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,225 6,915 6,310 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 25 10 15 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 340 180 160 360 190 170
Urdu 1,695 930 770 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 1,665 790 870 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 255 125 130 275 135 140
Pashto 155 65 90 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 1,250 595 655 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 7,095 3,335 3,760 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 970 415 555 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 2,605 1,205 1,400 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 205 100 110 235 110 125
Spanish 3,315 1,615 1,695 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 160 65 95 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 10 5 0
Georgian 5 5 0 10 5 5
Korean 2,540 1,235 1,305 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 1,285 635 650 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 40 30 15 45 30 20
Bamanankan 15 5 5 15 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 5 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 35 15 15
Ga 5 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 0 5 0 0
Igbo 70 40 35 75 40 35
Lingala 40 20 20 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 30 30 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 45 105 55 50
Shona 10 5 10 10 5 10
Swahili 470 225 245 500 240 265
Wolof 30 15 10 25 20 10
Yoruba 285 145 135 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 40 70 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 70 130 60 70
Dinka 80 30 45 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 55 30 25
Sign languages 395 220 175 560 310 255
American Sign Language 195 110 85 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 200 110 90 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,125 6,010 6,110 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 11,675 5,785 5,890 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 4,060 1,905 2,155 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 25 10 10 25 10 15
Mandarin 6,890 3,500 3,390 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 510 275 230 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 450 225 220 465 235 225
Burmese 50 30 25 55 30 25
Karenic languages 350 180 170 370 190 180
Tibetan 5 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 265 535 250 280
Lao 400 195 205 430 210 220
Thai 90 35 60 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 120 60 60 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 10 5 10
Turkish 60 30 30 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 35 20 15 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 10 15
Uralic languages 255 115 140 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 20 15 5 35 15 15
Hungarian 235 105 130 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 40 25 20
Multiple responses 49,210 23,710 25,505 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 2,055 950 1,105 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 46,025 22,215 23,810 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 350 175 175 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 780 365 410 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 696,265 340,925 355,340 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 589,060 290,070 298,985 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 45,760 22,350 23,405 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 11,860 5,185 6,680 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 47,600 22,345 25,255 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 2,330 915 1,415 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 45,270 21,430 23,840 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 250 125 125 305 150 150
English and non-official language 1,170 595 575 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 555 250 310 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 571,580 277,450 294,130 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 543,905 263,405 280,500 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,964 40,204 30,683 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,005 263,415 280,585 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,968 34,915 27,685 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 492,435 243,220 249,215 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,485 39,231 28,370 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 402,285 175,015 227,275 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,345 1,403 4,645 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 412,400 210,395 202,005 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,795 39,583 30,503 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 571,580 277,430 294,145 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 543,880 263,420 280,460 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,916 52,162 38,110 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,000 263,440 280,565 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,742 41,752 32,037 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 492,600 243,375 249,225 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,106 52,146 36,256 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 402,440 174,890 227,550 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,714 6,001 7,262 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 412,400 210,205 202,200 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,874 50,708 36,769 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 571,580 277,430 294,150 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 200,000 111,255 88,740 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,937 55,422 46,147 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,165 67,524 53,193 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.3 84.5 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.1 77.6 69.6 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.7 15.5 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 571,580 277,450 294,130 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 27,670 14,045 13,630 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 543,905 263,405 280,500 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.2 94.9 95.4 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 76,220 34,900 41,315 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 82,790 32,740 50,050 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 77,155 31,170 45,985 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 71,645 32,175 39,470 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 63,520 30,325 33,195 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 47,690 25,865 21,820 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 34,250 19,830 14,425 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 25,050 14,765 10,280 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 19,750 11,340 8,410 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 12,580 7,395 5,190 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 33,265 22,900 10,360 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 23,095 15,460 7,635 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 10,165 7,440 2,730 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 571,580 277,450 294,130 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 27,575 14,035 13,540 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 544,000 263,420 280,590 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 94.9 95.4 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 78,630 35,395 43,235 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 89,555 35,715 53,835 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 94,770 39,705 55,065 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 89,425 41,635 47,795 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 68,040 35,850 32,200 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 45,510 26,360 19,145 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 30,760 17,775 12,985 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 17,980 10,705 7,275 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 29,325 20,270 9,055 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 10,065 6,575 3,485 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 5,750 3,945 1,800 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 13,510 9,745 3,760 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 571,580 277,450 294,130 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 159,175 67,050 92,125 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 412,405 210,395 202,005 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.8 68.7 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 46,315 21,735 24,585 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 29,640 12,975 16,670 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 53,530 23,765 29,765 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 51,785 23,360 28,420 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 51,805 24,355 27,455 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 45,820 22,620 23,205 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 35,450 20,060 15,390 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 25,830 15,285 10,545 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 19,880 11,925 7,955 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 52,335 34,315 18,020 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565 9,500 7,060 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 10,100 6,220 3,880 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 25,670 18,595 7,080 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 281,045 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,402 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,987 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 84,600 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,389 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,621 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 196,445 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,478 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,066 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 281,045 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,921 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,119 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 84,615 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,555 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,404 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 196,435 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,739 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,642 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 281,045 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,600 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,845 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,755 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,960 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,635 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,560 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,405 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,440 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,280 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,335 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,975 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,795 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,130 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,505 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 83,660 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,030 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,820 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 19,945 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,860 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 281,050 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,835 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,230 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,075 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,440 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,815 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,820 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,755 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,510 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,040 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,685 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,010 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,325 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,040 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,340 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,195 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 56,940 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,510 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,335 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,100 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 187,435 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,756 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,198 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 65,035 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,677 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,441 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 83,555 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,956 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,344 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,045 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,557 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,774 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 187,405 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,662 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,202 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 65,000 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,503 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,087 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 83,720 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,792 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,628 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,935 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,482 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,767 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 112,900 54,860 58,045 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,470 34,994 32,247 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,799 30,688 29,081 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 112,680 54,700 57,985 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,061 42,846 39,377 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,013 34,887 33,188 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 690,000 338,265 351,735 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 368,405 176,125 192,285 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 78,315 38,370 39,940 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 68,390 30,905 37,480 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 72,380 34,120 38,260 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 74,275 36,015 38,260 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 75,050 36,710 38,340 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 321,595 162,145 159,450 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 73,740 36,675 37,060 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 71,565 35,885 35,680 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 67,470 33,960 33,510 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 60,780 30,930 29,855 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 48,050 24,700 23,350 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 690,005 338,270 351,740 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 143,460 73,840 69,625 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 46,950 24,170 22,775 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 446,715 220,470 226,245 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 99,825 43,960 55,865 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 109,540 51,615 57,920 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 32,990 16,960 16,030 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 12,005 6,215 5,795 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 64,450 30,475 33,980 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 12,100 4,180 7,915 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.3 16.5 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 23.0 23.0 23.0 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 25.6 25.7 25.4 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 12.1 9.5 14.2 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,945 44,300 47,645 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 25,905 13,275 12,630 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 9,570 4,920 4,645 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 58,300 28,335 29,965 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 7,740 2,685 5,050 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.3 13.1 13.5 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.0 18.1 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 20.4 20.4 20.4 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 13.1 12.9 13.2 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 7.8 6.1 9.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 690,000 338,270 351,735 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 679,015 333,455 345,555 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 678,135 333,060 345,080 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 70,225 31,345 38,885 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 220,925 105,860 115,060 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,230 3,415 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 5,400 2,130 3,270 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 10 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,870 740 1,135 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 85 25 55
Plains Cree 105 50 50 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 500 220 280 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 55 25 30 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 1,175 435 740 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,685 1,455 2,230 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 2,580 1,035 1,550 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 1,105 420 680 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 75 10 60 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 25 30 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 40 10 30 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 65 30 30 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 20 15 760 365 395
Dakota 35 20 15 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 215,340 103,665 111,680 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,575 7,635 6,935 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 75 35 35 85 50 40
Kabyle 45 25 20 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 2,220 1,145 1,075 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 150 80 70 210 120 85
Oromo 530 270 260 535 275 260
Somali 1,530 785 745 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 15 15 10
Semitic languages 12,605 6,655 5,955 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 2,185 1,175 1,005 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 6,080 3,280 2,810 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 10 0 0
Harari 10 10 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 3,210 1,645 1,570 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 45 10 25 65 30 35
Tigrigna 2,125 1,105 1,020 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,955 2,410 2,545 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 325 175 140 335 185 150
Vietnamese 4,645 2,245 2,405 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 59,420 27,390 32,035 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 210 95 110 225 100 125
Cebuano 1,200 595 605 1,615 805 810
Fijian 10 0 10 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 395 160 235 425 180 245
Ilocano 1,790 855 930 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 315 160 155 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 910 400 510 945 415 530
Pangasinan 210 95 110 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,520 26,925 31,595 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 100 50 50 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 200 80 120
Creole languages 965 440 525 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 25 0 15 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 410 210 205 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 555 240 310 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 1,290 605 685 1,840 945 895
Kannada 160 85 70 175 95 80
Malayalam 480 190 290 830 400 430
Tamil 570 275 290 655 330 325
Telugu 175 95 80 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 104,005 50,555 53,450 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 375 190 185 390 195 195
Armenian 55 45 15 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 24,705 11,445 13,260 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 165 85 80 230 90 140
Latvian 65 30 35 115 45 70
Lithuanian 100 55 45 120 50 65
Slavic languages 24,580 11,390 13,195 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 55 20 30 65 25 45
Bosnian 810 400 410 835 405 430
Bulgarian 135 80 55 155 95 60
Croatian 1,330 620 715 1,595 765 825
Czech 535 240 295 735 335 395
Macedonian 125 70 55 140 75 60
Polish 5,985 2,770 3,215 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 7,660 3,770 3,890 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 810 435 375 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 180 70 110 190 75 115
Slovak 365 155 210 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 95 160 275 100 175
Ukrainian 9,560 4,145 5,415 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 70 35 30
Celtic languages 95 60 30 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 65 50 15 90 65 25
Welsh 10 10 10 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 45 15 25
Germanic languages 19,085 8,690 10,400 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 275 125 145 715 330 385
Danish 160 60 100 270 120 150
Dutch 1,380 670 710 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 35 15 15 90 65 30
German 16,360 7,505 8,850 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 205 60 145 560 225 335
Norwegian 150 60 95 290 115 175
Swedish 175 55 115 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 35 60 270 120 155
Yiddish 540 230 310 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 1,795 915 880 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 35,065 18,495 16,575 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 32,370 17,140 15,230 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 1,435 840 595 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 2,745 1,440 1,305 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 11,240 6,005 5,235 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 15 15 10 20 15 10
Konkani 35 25 15 40 30 10
Marathi 220 125 90 275 170 105
Nepali 600 285 320 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 10 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,585 11,330 10,255 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 140 80 55 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 870 470 405 920 500 420
Urdu 4,185 2,360 1,825 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 2,795 1,390 1,405 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 575 280 295 600 295 305
Pashto 270 120 150 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 2,110 1,075 1,035 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 110 90 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 25,220 11,865 13,355 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 10 0 10 15 10 10
Italian 4,705 2,270 2,435 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 7,170 3,440 3,735 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 665 340 325 785 395 390
Spanish 13,395 6,165 7,230 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 40 0 60 45 15
Japanese 1,005 470 535 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 10 0 15
Georgian 10 0 10 15 0 15
Korean 3,710 1,815 1,895 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 55 20 35
Mongolian 50 20 30 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 7,260 3,695 3,560 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 210 130 80 260 165 95
Bamanankan 145 90 60 160 95 65
Edo 90 60 35 95 60 30
Ewe 50 25 25 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 20 50 25 25
Ga 20 10 10 30 10 15
Ganda 175 80 100 230 110 120
Igbo 625 315 310 665 345 325
Lingala 645 305 340 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 95 100 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 150 305 155 155
Shona 195 80 115 250 110 140
Swahili 1,820 960 865 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 155 85 70 150 85 70
Yoruba 2,365 1,185 1,180 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,235 630 610 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 410 225 185
Dinka 180 105 75 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 120 105 225 120 105
Sign languages 1,910 725 1,185 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 1,270 495 780 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 650 245 410 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,775 9,310 9,460 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 18,120 9,010 9,105 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 7,705 3,625 4,075 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 45 25 20 50 30 20
Mandarin 11,220 5,655 5,565 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 440 205 235 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 80 60 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 810 445 365 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 665 300 360 675 310 370
Burmese 185 115 70 185 115 70
Karenic languages 460 200 260 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 55 75 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,405 645 755 1,565 730 835
Lao 1,035 480 560 1,120 520 600
Thai 485 220 260 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 415 210 205 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 50 25 30
Turkish 295 150 140 365 180 185
Uyghur 30 20 15 30 15 10
Uzbek 15 0 10 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,185 550 635 1,550 730 815
Estonian 50 20 30 45 20 25
Finnish 130 50 85 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,005 475 525 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 375 240 130 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 690,005 338,265 351,735 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 609,455 297,740 311,715 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 127,495 65,420 62,075 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 481,955 232,320 249,635 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 80,550 40,525 40,025 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 690,005 338,270 351,740 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 500,565 245,535 255,030 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 176,155 85,435 90,725 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 37,655 17,285 20,370 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 16,165 8,185 7,975 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 17,875 8,560 9,315 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 52,440 25,835 26,605 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 15,940 7,785 8,155 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 36,505 18,055 18,450 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,020 25,560 26,465 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,285 7,305 5,980 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 176,155 85,430 90,725 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 17,810 8,975 8,835 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 32,890 16,765 16,125 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 34,765 16,065 18,700 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 75,960 36,495 39,465 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 14,730 7,125 7,605 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 176,155 85,430 90,725 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 16,190 7,655 8,540 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 385 155 230 435 170 265
Colombia 530 235 290 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 1,490 795 695 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 1,065 480 585 1,135 515 620
Haiti 75 40 35 155 75 80
Jamaica 1,570 720 845 1,810 835 970
Mexico 730 370 360 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 195 85 105 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 1,390 715 670 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,105 1,885 2,215 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 4,670 2,165 2,505 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 36,455 17,505 18,950 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,015 505 505 1,055 530 525
Croatia 855 370 480 975 445 535
France 465 245 220 795 425 365
Germany 3,980 1,880 2,100 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 770 420 350 820 445 375
Hungary 680 350 325 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 390 175 215 650 310 340
Italy 2,465 1,270 1,195 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,010 535 475 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 4,240 1,950 2,290 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 3,805 1,875 1,925 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 625 305 320 720 345 375
Russian Federation 1,965 905 1,060 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 325 170 155 355 175 175
Ukraine 3,605 1,690 1,915 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,870 3,265 3,605 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 3,400 1,600 1,800 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 15,935 8,310 7,625 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 100 50 50 115 60 55
Egypt 890 485 410 980 525 455
Ethiopia 2,210 1,170 1,040 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 895 435 455 935 470 465
Morocco 220 115 105 250 140 110
Nigeria 3,490 1,880 1,610 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 745 340 405 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 530 235 290 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 6,850 3,590 3,265 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 107,125 51,750 55,370 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 605 280 325 615 285 330
Bangladesh 845 465 385 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,560 3,635 3,930 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,370 655 715 1,460 715 735
India 19,430 10,020 9,415 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,035 570 465 1,180 655 530
Iraq 835 450 385 860 460 400
Japan 175 50 125 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,580 1,265 1,315 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 220 145 80 265 165 100
Pakistan 2,840 1,535 1,305 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 56,935 26,495 30,440 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 965 485 485 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 695 325 370 805 390 410
Taiwan 190 95 90 215 110 110
Viet Nam 4,060 1,950 2,110 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 6,785 3,345 3,445 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 455 215 240 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,020 25,560 26,460 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 1,940 875 1,060 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 90 30 60 100 35 65
Colombia 80 20 55 185 70 120
Cuba 55 15 40 75 25 55
Haiti 15 10 10 15 10 0
Jamaica 245 130 115 340 175 165
Mexico 240 130 115 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 600 295 305 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 15 30 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 570 230 340 1,490 640 850
Europe 3,320 1,680 1,640 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 85 35 45 135 70 75
Germany 100 50 50 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 60 40 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 130 75 55 160 85 70
Romania 65 30 35 70 30 35
Russian Federation 730