Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Division No. 6, Census division [Census division], Alberta

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Division No. 6, CDR
Alberta
[Census division]
Data quality , Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Division No. 6, Census division [Census division], Alberta  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,239,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,498,778  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,096,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,022  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 489,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 586,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,912  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,501.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 825.56  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,655.32  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,239,220 618,245 620,975 1,498,780 748,135 750,645
0 to 14 years 226,980 116,520 110,460 282,180 144,870 137,315
0 to 4 years 77,985 40,055 37,930 95,040 48,775 46,265
5 to 9 years 79,365 40,865 38,500 99,265 51,185 48,080
10 to 14 years 69,630 35,600 34,030 87,880 44,910 42,975
15 to 64 years 873,835 438,600 435,235 1,046,735 524,785 521,950
15 to 19 years 69,730 35,750 33,985 86,250 44,355 41,895
20 to 24 years 78,640 39,855 38,785 92,120 46,835 45,280
25 to 29 years 100,140 49,745 50,390 114,365 56,715 57,650
30 to 34 years 109,445 54,705 54,740 127,480 63,375 64,105
35 to 39 years 100,400 49,855 50,540 119,905 59,425 60,475
40 to 44 years 93,405 46,790 46,615 112,645 56,350 56,295
45 to 49 years 87,810 44,415 43,400 106,295 53,715 52,575
50 to 54 years 86,890 43,590 43,295 105,920 52,930 52,985
55 to 59 years 82,265 41,220 41,045 100,975 50,555 50,420
60 to 64 years 65,120 32,675 32,440 80,775 40,520 40,265
65 years and over 138,405 63,120 75,285 169,860 78,480 91,380
65 to 69 years 48,920 23,915 25,005 61,145 30,050 31,095
70 to 74 years 31,590 15,040 16,550 39,505 19,045 20,460
75 to 79 years 22,715 10,220 12,495 27,715 12,690 15,030
80 to 84 years 17,315 7,495 9,820 20,655 9,110 11,545
85 years and over 17,860 6,455 11,410 20,835 7,580 13,255
85 to 89 years 11,435 4,505 6,930 13,330 5,320 8,010
90 to 94 years 4,925 1,595 3,335 5,765 1,850 3,915
95 to 99 years 1,335 335 1,000 1,550 395 1,160
100 years and over 160 15 145 190 25 165
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 18.8 17.8 18.8 19.4 18.3
15 to 64 years 70.5 70.9 70.1 69.8 70.1 69.5
65 years and over 11.2 10.2 12.1 11.3 10.5 12.2
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.8 1.4 1.0 1.8
Average age of the population 37.6 37.0 38.2 37.6 37.0 38.2
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.1 36.9 36.4 37.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 262,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 332,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 168,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 29,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 44,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 72,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 114,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 150,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 78,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 75,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 47,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 1,222,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,478,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,012,245 501,720 510,520 1,216,595 603,265 613,325
Married or living common law 596,630 299,175 297,455 734,335 368,075 366,260
Married 506,625 254,030 252,600 624,870 313,190 311,675
Living common law 90,005 45,145 44,860 109,465 54,885 54,585
Not married and not living common law 415,610 202,545 213,065 482,260 235,195 247,065
Never married 293,200 160,610 132,585 337,550 185,145 152,400
Separated 22,285 9,740 12,545 26,695 11,680 15,020
Divorced 62,270 24,270 38,000 72,910 28,790 44,120
Widowed 37,860 7,920 29,935 45,105 9,580 35,520
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 337,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 413,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 155,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 191,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 75,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 74,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 30,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 337,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 413,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 289,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 244,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 302,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 44,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 47,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 37,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 10,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 289,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 126,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 163,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 199,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 62,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 71,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 29,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 47,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 29,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 13,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 219,585 112,510 107,075 247,585 126,830 120,755
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 310,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 381,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 195,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 237,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 143,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 114,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 29,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,227,995 612,735 615,255 1,486,605 742,340 744,265
English only 1,108,175 558,845 549,330 1,349,130 680,440 668,695
French only 1,170 510 660 1,290 570 720
English and French 89,400 41,380 48,015 105,815 48,875 56,940
Neither English nor French 29,245 11,995 17,250 30,365 12,455 17,910
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 1,486,600 742,340 744,265
English 1,172,990 587,775 585,215 1,426,360 714,780 711,580
French 18,965 9,605 9,365 22,630 11,520 11,110
English and French 7,405 3,665 3,740 7,910 3,905 4,005
Neither English nor French 28,630 11,690 16,945 29,710 12,130 17,580
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,670 11,440 11,230 26,585 13,475 13,110
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.8
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 1,486,600 742,340 744,265
Single responses 1,189,870 594,175 595,695 1,445,390 722,290 723,100
Official languages 824,965 418,045 406,920 1,053,870 533,250 520,620
English 806,815 408,850 397,965 1,031,835 522,035 509,805
French 18,150 9,195 8,955 22,035 11,215 10,820
Non-official languages 364,905 176,130 188,775 391,520 189,035 202,480
Aboriginal languages 690 255 440 1,160 475 685
Algonquian languages 485 185 300 555 220 340
Blackfoot 225 85 135 245 95 150
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 80 115 235 100 135
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Plains Cree 50 20 30 55 20 35
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 10 0 5
Woods Cree 10 0 5 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 125 55 70 155 70 85
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 0 15 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 15 45 65 10 50
Algonquin 0 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 55 10 45 55 10 45
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 55 20 30 105 35 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 50 20 35 105 40 65
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 5 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 10 10 20 5 15
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 5 5 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 20 5 10 65 25 40
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 5 5 0 5
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 5 0 5
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 20 10 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 5 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10 5 5 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 15 5 10
Salish languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 95 25 65 430 200 240
Dakota 20 10 15 30 10 15
Stoney 70 20 50 405 190 215
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 20 10 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 364,210 175,875 188,335 390,355 188,565 201,795
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,975 15,200 13,775 29,830 15,655 14,170
Berber languages 135 75 60 145 80 65
Kabyle 60 30 30 70 30 35
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 75 45 30
Cushitic languages 2,460 1,225 1,240 2,480 1,235 1,245
Bilen 50 25 20 50 25 20
Oromo 940 485 460 955 495 465
Somali 1,460 705 755 1,465 710 755
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 26,340 13,875 12,465 27,160 14,315 12,845
Amharic 4,050 1,955 2,090 4,075 1,970 2,110
Arabic 18,390 9,875 8,510 19,100 10,260 8,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 150 130 290 160 135
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40 90 40 45
Harari 70 40 30 75 45 30
Hebrew 480 240 240 510 255 255
Maltese 30 15 20 35 15 20
Tigrigna 2,750 1,460 1,290 2,765 1,465 1,300
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 100 110 210 100 110
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 45 30 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,400 6,260 7,140 14,520 6,785 7,740
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 400 435 905 430 475
Vietnamese 12,550 5,855 6,695 13,600 6,345 7,260
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 10 0 5
Austronesian languages 46,440 20,160 26,280 50,005 21,680 28,325
Bikol 190 80 105 235 110 125
Cebuano 1,930 825 1,105 2,110 900 1,210
Fijian 40 20 15 50 30 20
Hiligaynon 665 260 400 720 290 430
Ilocano 2,545 1,110 1,435 2,645 1,155 1,490
Malagasy 25 10 15 25 10 15
Malay 765 330 430 810 345 460
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 260 130 130 280 135 140
Pangasinan 125 50 75 135 55 80
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 39,285 17,065 22,215 42,350 18,365 23,985
Waray-Waray 140 70 75 155 70 80
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 470 195 275 495 210 290
Creole languages 605 305 300 645 325 315
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 410 205 210 430 215 220
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 95 85 185 95 90
Dravidian languages 5,145 2,675 2,470 5,300 2,760 2,540
Kannada 285 140 145 290 145 145
Malayalam 2,085 1,075 1,015 2,150 1,105 1,045
Tamil 1,815 960 855 1,880 990 885
Telugu 930 495 435 955 505 455
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 25 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 90 45 45 90 45 45
Indo-European languages 175,540 86,895 88,640 192,900 95,565 97,335
Albanian 1,325 700 625 1,370 730 645
Armenian 245 125 120 255 135 120
Balto-Slavic languages 29,595 13,845 15,750 32,225 15,080 17,145
Baltic languages 495 230 265 540 255 285
Latvian 170 75 90 195 95 100
Lithuanian 325 155 170 345 160 185
Slavic languages 29,105 13,615 15,485 31,680 14,825 16,860
Belarusan 20 10 10 25 10 10
Bosnian 780 390 395 870 435 435
Bulgarian 925 475 450 960 485 470
Croatian 1,890 930 960 2,145 1,060 1,080
Czech 1,360 640 725 1,580 740 840
Macedonian 150 75 75 160 80 85
Polish 7,680 3,610 4,065 8,375 3,945 4,430
Russian 9,255 4,185 5,070 9,745 4,395 5,350
Serbian 1,815 910 905 1,905 950 950
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 265 530 260 275
Slovak 1,075 520 555 1,215 595 620
Slovene (Slovenian) 235 105 135 285 125 160
Ukrainian 3,345 1,485 1,860 3,820 1,700 2,120
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 70 40 25
Celtic languages 115 60 60 140 70 70
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 55 25 30
Welsh 55 30 25 65 30 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 20 15 5
Germanic languages 15,660 7,500 8,155 21,425 10,385 11,040
Afrikaans 800 395 405 1,115 540 580
Danish 750 385 370 975 515 460
Dutch 3,435 1,720 1,720 4,740 2,350 2,390
Frisian 30 15 15 60 30 35
German 9,895 4,655 5,245 13,655 6,555 7,100
Icelandic 60 35 30 70 35 30
Norwegian 225 90 130 275 110 160
Swedish 275 125 155 320 140 180
Vlaams (Flemish) 90 45 50 125 60 60
Yiddish 80 40 45 80 40 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 10 10 5
Greek 1,470 735 735 1,620 815 800
Indo-Iranian languages 87,130 44,155 42,975 92,235 46,740 45,495
Indo-Aryan languages 74,315 37,490 36,825 79,125 39,910 39,220
Bengali 4,070 2,080 1,985 4,160 2,130 2,030
Gujarati 5,390 2,715 2,675 5,630 2,840 2,785
Hindi 7,050 3,595 3,455 7,440 3,795 3,645
Kashmiri 80 45 40 85 45 40
Konkani 165 85 85 175 90 85
Marathi 845 435 410 845 435 415
Nepali 1,925 1,010 915 1,960 1,035 925
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 45 100 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35,780 18,020 17,760 39,010 19,620 19,385
Sindhi 1,675 785 890 1,750 820 925
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 450 470 985 480 505
Urdu 16,320 8,220 8,095 16,995 8,565 8,430
Iranian languages 11,875 6,170 5,705 12,145 6,325 5,820
Kurdish 740 395 345 750 400 350
Pashto 1,610 825 785 1,645 845 800
Persian (Farsi) 9,525 4,955 4,570 9,750 5,085 4,670
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 935 490 445 960 505 460
Italic (Romance) languages 39,990 19,765 20,225 43,630 21,610 22,020
Catalan 45 15 30 45 20 30
Italian 5,000 2,550 2,455 5,550 2,845 2,705
Portuguese 3,360 1,600 1,760 3,760 1,795 1,965
Romanian 4,495 2,285 2,210 4,850 2,485 2,365
Spanish 27,075 13,310 13,765 29,415 14,465 14,950
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Japanese 2,310 815 1,495 2,460 860 1,600
Kartvelian languages 130 70 55 130 75 55
Georgian 125 70 55 135 75 55
Korean 8,880 4,110 4,770 9,345 4,340 5,005
Mongolic languages 450 210 240 450 210 240
Mongolian 450 210 240 450 210 240
Niger-Congo languages 5,580 2,865 2,720 5,965 3,055 2,905
Akan (Twi) 640 335 305 705 370 335
Bamanankan 10 5 5 15 10 10
Edo 100 65 40 105 65 40
Ewe 60 35 25 60 35 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 80 45 35
Ga 55 30 25 65 35 35
Ganda 40 20 20 45 20 20
Igbo 680 365 320 710 380 330
Lingala 85 35 45 85 40 50
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 70 75 150 75 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 60 60 125 60 65
Shona 290 145 145 325 155 165
Swahili 760 370 390 805 385 415
Wolof 120 65 55 115 65 50
Yoruba 1,375 720 650 1,445 760 685
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,040 515 525 1,130 560 570
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,495 735 755 1,520 750 765
Dinka 720 360 360 730 370 365
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 770 375 395 790 380 405
Sign languages 235 130 105 275 160 120
American Sign Language 85 45 45 105 60 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 170 100 70
Sino-Tibetan languages 68,130 32,075 36,060 69,435 32,670 36,765
Chinese languages 66,895 31,460 35,430 68,190 32,050 36,135
Cantonese 33,700 15,840 17,865 34,315 16,125 18,195
Hakka 340 155 190 345 155 190
Mandarin 28,355 13,370 14,985 28,845 13,590 15,250
Min Dong 45 20 25 45 15 20
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,675 745 925 1,720 765 955
Wu (Shanghainese) 370 170 195 380 175 205
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,400 1,155 1,245 2,530 1,215 1,315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 15 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,240 610 620 1,245 620 630
Burmese 260 135 130 270 135 130
Karenic languages 280 130 150 285 135 150
Tibetan 545 280 270 550 280 270
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80 145 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 365 640 1,150 405 740
Lao 430 200 235 490 220 265
Thai 565 165 400 655 185 470
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 5
Turkic languages 1,725 945 775 1,785 980 805
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 240 135 105
Turkish 1,210 685 525 1,270 715 550
Uyghur 60 25 30 55 25 30
Uzbek 70 35 40 75 40 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 140 60 80
Uralic languages 3,760 1,810 1,950 4,230 2,040 2,195
Estonian 85 45 45 100 50 45
Finnish 280 105 170 350 135 210
Hungarian 3,395 1,655 1,735 3,785 1,855 1,930
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 195 130 335 205 130
Multiple responses 38,125 18,560 19,560 41,215 20,050 21,165
English and French 3,195 1,530 1,670 3,800 1,800 1,995
English and non-official language 33,170 16,195 16,975 35,525 17,340 18,180
French and non-official language 1,005 510 490 1,080 560 520
English, French and non-official language 750 320 430 820 350 470
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,227,990 612,735 615,255 1,486,605 742,340 744,265
Single responses 1,145,000 572,180 572,820 1,398,040 699,095 698,945
Official languages 932,600 468,485 464,115 1,173,955 589,590 584,360
English 924,945 464,585 460,360 1,164,955 585,005 579,950
French 7,650 3,905 3,750 8,995 4,585 4,415
Non-official languages 212,405 103,695 108,710 224,085 109,505 114,585
Aboriginal languages 185 90 95 465 230 235
Algonquian languages 125 65 60 145 80 65
Blackfoot 60 30 30 65 35 30
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 30 25 75 40 35
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 55 30 25 65 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 5 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 20 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 15 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 5 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5 5 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 10 15 290 140 145
Dakota 15 0 5 15 5 10
Stoney 15 10 5 275 140 135
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 212,220 103,610 108,615 223,620 109,275 114,345
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,955 9,170 8,785 18,360 9,370 8,995
Berber languages 60 35 25 65 35 25
Kabyle 25 15 10 30 20 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 35 20 15
Cushitic languages 1,640 800 845 1,650 805 850
Bilen 50 25 25 50 25 25
Oromo 705 345 350 710 355 360
Somali 890 425 465 890 425 465
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 16,240 8,325 7,910 16,630 8,520 8,110
Amharic 2,705 1,295 1,405 2,730 1,310 1,420
Arabic 10,795 5,585 5,200 11,095 5,730 5,365
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 200 100 100
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 70 35 30 75 40 40
Harari 45 25 25 50 25 25
Hebrew 240 120 120 260 130 130
Maltese 5 0 5 10 5 0
Tigrigna 2,045 1,085 955 2,060 1,095 965
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 150 75 75
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 15 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,780 4,135 4,645 9,420 4,430 4,990
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 210 215 455 225 235
Vietnamese 8,350 3,920 4,425 8,965 4,205 4,755
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 24,830 11,580 13,255 26,625 12,475 14,150
Bikol 30 15 20 50 25 25
Cebuano 820 385 430 895 425 470
Fijian 15 10 5 15 10 5
Hiligaynon 205 90 110 220 100 120
Ilocano 1,020 475 545 1,060 500 560
Malagasy 15 5 10 10 5 5
Malay 230 125 105 235 125 110
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 65 30 35
Pangasinan 20 5 10 15 10 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,235 10,355 11,880 23,855 11,160 12,695
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 60 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 150 60 85
Creole languages 280 145 140 290 150 145
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 210 110 110 220 110 110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 70 35 30
Dravidian languages 3,120 1,590 1,535 3,210 1,630 1,585
Kannada 115 60 55 115 60 55
Malayalam 1,280 650 630 1,310 665 650
Tamil 1,160 585 570 1,200 605 600
Telugu 550 285 265 560 290 275
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 20 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 55 25 30 55 30 30
Indo-European languages 97,370 48,430 48,940 104,460 51,975 52,485
Albanian 610 330 285 620 335 285
Armenian 105 50 55 110 55 55
Balto-Slavic languages 13,305 6,505 6,800 14,095 6,895 7,200
Baltic languages 230 120 110 240 130 110
Latvian 75 45 35 85 45 35
Lithuanian 150 80 70 155 85 70
Slavic languages 13,075 6,385 6,695 13,855 6,770 7,090
Belarusan 5 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 350 175 175 390 200 195
Bulgarian 470 240 230 485 245 235
Croatian 675 335 345 750 370 380
Czech 395 190 200 450 220 235
Macedonian 80 35 40 80 40 40
Polish 3,130 1,515 1,615 3,350 1,625 1,725
Russian 5,645 2,730 2,915 5,875 2,845 3,025
Serbian 930 455 470 965 470 495
Serbo-Croatian 175 90 90 175 90 90
Slovak 420 205 210 475 230 240
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 25 40 15 25
Ukrainian 760 385 370 800 400 405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 10 5
Celtic languages 15 10 5 15 10 0
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 5 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages 2,050 965 1,090 3,465 1,645 1,815
Afrikaans 405 195 215 600 290 315
Danish 60 25 30 70 35 35
Dutch 395 195 200 615 295 320
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 5
German 1,075 505 580 2,035 965 1,070
Icelandic 15 10 5 15 10 5
Norwegian 25 10 15 25 10 15
Swedish 50 20 25 55 25 30
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 15 10 5
Yiddish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 475 225 255 505 240 265
Indo-Iranian languages 58,850 29,535 29,315 62,020 31,110 30,910
Indo-Aryan languages 50,505 25,335 25,170 53,520 26,825 26,695
Bengali 2,715 1,360 1,355 2,760 1,385 1,375
Gujarati 3,055 1,530 1,525 3,150 1,575 1,575
Hindi 3,980 2,050 1,930 4,135 2,125 2,010
Kashmiri 45 25 25 45 25 20
Konkani 35 15 15 35 15 20
Marathi 445 225 215 445 225 210
Nepali 1,330 685 645 1,350 695 650
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 20 50 25 25
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,985 13,525 13,460 29,195 14,610 14,585
Sindhi 720 320 405 745 330 415
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 235 240 510 255 255
Urdu 10,685 5,345 5,345 11,100 5,550 5,550
Iranian languages 7,855 3,950 3,905 7,995 4,025 3,970
Kurdish 450 230 220 460 230 225
Pashto 1,030 520 505 1,060 535 520
Persian (Farsi) 6,375 3,195 3,175 6,480 3,260 3,225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 250 240 505 255 245
Italic (Romance) languages 21,950 10,805 11,145 23,625 11,680 11,950
Catalan 20 10 15 25 10 10
Italian 1,215 535 680 1,290 570 720
Portuguese 1,645 790 855 1,785 865 920
Romanian 2,330 1,195 1,135 2,485 1,290 1,195
Spanish 16,740 8,270 8,470 18,040 8,940 9,100
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Japanese 1,070 470 600 1,120 490 630
Kartvelian languages 80 45 35 85 45 35
Georgian 80 45 35 85 45 35
Korean 6,340 3,015 3,325 6,650 3,170 3,475
Mongolic languages 280 130 145 280 135 145
Mongolian 280 130 145 280 130 145
Niger-Congo languages 1,745 840 905 1,835 885 955
Akan (Twi) 300 155 145 330 170 165
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Edo 25 10 15 25 10 15
Ewe 15 5 5 15 10 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 20 40 20 20
Ga 15 10 5 25 10 15
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 0
Igbo 130 65 70 135 65 70
Lingala 25 5 20 25 10 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 30 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 25 10 15
Shona 95 40 55 95 45 55
Swahili 340 150 185 350 155 190
Wolof 65 35 30 60 35 30
Yoruba 330 160 170 355 170 180
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 130 140 280 135 140
Nilo-Saharan languages 900 435 465 915 440 470
Dinka 440 215 225 450 215 230
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240 465 225 245
Sign languages 315 180 135 355 210 145
American Sign Language 80 40 40 90 50 45
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 140 95 265 160 105
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,320 22,040 24,280 46,995 22,370 24,625
Chinese languages 45,440 21,595 23,845 46,115 21,935 24,185
Cantonese 22,030 10,280 11,750 22,285 10,400 11,885
Hakka 100 35 65 95 35 65
Mandarin 20,880 10,115 10,765 21,215 10,285 10,930
Min Dong 5 5 5 5 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 670 295 380 675 295 380
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 105 100 210 110 100
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,550 770 785 1,620 800 820
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 440 440 875 440 440
Burmese 175 85 85 175 85 85
Karenic languages 235 105 125 235 105 125
Tibetan 400 210 190 395 210 190
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 75 35 35
Tai-Kadai languages 380 170 215 425 185 240
Lao 175 80 95 195 85 105
Thai 195 85 115 230 100 130
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 0 5
Turkic languages 975 515 465 1,005 520 480
Azerbaijani 105 55 45 105 55 50
Turkish 730 390 345 760 400 360
Uyghur 40 20 25 40 20 20
Uzbek 55 25 30 50 25 25
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 50 20 25
Uralic languages 1,300 635 660 1,410 695 715
Estonian 15 5 10 15 5 10
Finnish 35 20 15 55 30 25
Hungarian 1,245 610 635 1,335 660 680
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 110 70 40
Multiple responses 82,990 40,555 42,435 88,565 43,245 45,320
English and French 2,155 1,080 1,075 2,550 1,265 1,290
English and non-official language 79,255 38,725 40,530 84,305 41,165 43,140
French and non-official language 365 180 190 395 190 200
English, French and non-official language 1,210 570 645 1,315 625 685
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 1,486,605 742,340 744,265
None 1,014,475 509,200 505,275 1,254,320 629,830 624,485
English 92,865 46,230 46,640 99,305 49,455 49,850
French 11,900 5,445 6,460 14,815 6,745 8,070
Non-official language 104,880 49,940 54,940 114,000 54,245 59,755
Aboriginal 605 235 370 785 320 460
Non-Aboriginal 104,275 49,700 54,570 113,215 53,920 59,295
English and French 645 325 320 685 345 340
English and non-official language 2,065 1,050 1,015 2,195 1,120 1,075
French and non-official language 1,135 540 600 1,255 585 665
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 35 15 15
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 996,060 494,565 501,495 1,197,300 594,890 602,410
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,615 469,550 476,070 1,137,675 565,520 572,150
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,333 52,567 35,523 43,833 54,150 35,311
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,805 469,600 476,200 1,137,925 565,590 572,335
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,526 45,397 32,360 38,895 46,581 32,153
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 884,260 449,220 435,035 1,066,620 542,555 524,065
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,209 52,402 34,920 43,517 53,805 34,470
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,200 215,790 328,410 649,710 254,855 394,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,946 1,859 3,371 3,214 2,422 3,516
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 770,235 400,100 370,135 926,430 482,160 444,270
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,651 52,203 36,026 43,699 53,420 35,361
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 996,120 494,600 501,525 1,197,280 594,870 602,410
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,230 469,750 476,475 1,138,275 565,590 572,690
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,741 85,451 50,281 69,070 88,222 50,155
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,390 469,800 476,590 1,138,495 565,655 572,845
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,891 66,207 41,751 54,836 68,208 41,632
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 884,545 449,360 435,190 1,066,975 542,640 524,335
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,494 86,269 50,141 69,686 88,844 49,858
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,120 215,640 328,475 649,845 254,780 395,065
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,455 6,376 6,506 6,568 6,623 6,532
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 770,370 400,145 370,220 926,435 481,850 444,585
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,566 79,599 48,317 65,167 81,387 47,588
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 996,115 494,600 501,520 1,197,285 594,870 602,410
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 361,435 205,885 155,550 435,780 250,070 185,710
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,915 73,266 57,818 66,311 74,578 57,288
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,570 103,761 70,786 90,769 106,176 70,022
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.6 91.2 94.6 96.7 91.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.3 79.2 74.1 76.5 78.5 73.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.4 8.8 5.4 3.3 8.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 996,060 494,560 501,495 1,197,300 594,890 602,410
Without total income 50,440 25,010 25,425 59,625 29,370 30,260
With total income 945,615 469,550 476,070 1,137,670 565,525 572,155
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.9 95.0 95.1 95.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,490 48,715 74,780 148,305 57,300 91,005
$10,000 to $19,999 118,360 47,940 70,420 139,880 55,400 84,480
$20,000 to $29,999 107,775 43,800 63,980 128,365 51,415 76,950
$30,000 to $39,999 92,335 41,430 50,905 110,290 48,815 61,475
$40,000 to $49,999 88,770 42,425 46,340 105,435 49,990 55,440
$50,000 to $59,999 76,030 38,275 37,750 91,235 45,670 45,560
$60,000 to $69,999 62,505 33,360 29,145 75,250 40,340 34,910
$70,000 to $79,999 50,165 28,230 21,930 60,900 34,630 26,270
$80,000 to $89,999 40,150 23,135 17,015 49,095 28,790 20,300
$90,000 to $99,999 34,095 19,475 14,620 41,840 24,305 17,535
$100,000 and over 151,945 102,765 49,180 187,080 128,855 58,225
$100,000 to $149,999 83,680 52,265 31,415 103,260 66,045 37,215
$150,000 and over 68,265 50,500 17,770 83,820 62,810 21,010
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 996,060 494,565 501,495 1,197,300 594,890 602,410
Without after-tax income 50,250 24,960 25,290 59,375 29,300 30,075
With after-tax income 945,805 469,600 476,200 1,137,925 565,590 572,335
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.1 95.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 126,445 49,655 76,795 152,150 58,490 93,665
$10,000 to $19,999 123,495 50,260 73,235 146,090 58,125 87,970
$20,000 to $29,999 124,575 51,395 73,180 148,375 60,300 88,075
$30,000 to $39,999 115,600 53,865 61,730 137,645 63,470 74,175
$40,000 to $49,999 107,305 53,480 53,820 128,030 63,415 64,620
$50,000 to $59,999 83,880 44,665 39,215 100,975 54,090 46,885
$60,000 to $69,999 62,925 35,635 27,290 76,720 44,090 32,630
$70,000 to $79,999 47,940 27,740 20,200 58,925 34,695 24,225
$80,000 and over 153,640 102,905 50,740 189,010 128,925 60,090
$80,000 to $89,999 36,175 21,090 15,085 44,510 26,555 17,955
$90,000 to $99,999 24,895 15,460 9,435 30,730 19,630 11,100
$100,000 and over 92,575 66,355 26,220 113,770 82,735 31,035
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 996,060 494,560 501,495 1,197,300 594,890 602,410
Without employment income 225,825 94,465 131,365 270,870 112,730 158,135
With employment income 770,235 400,100 370,135 926,430 482,160 444,270
Percentage with employment income 77.3 80.9 73.8 77.4 81.1 73.7
Under $5,000 (including loss) 80,405 36,480 43,935 100,380 45,480 54,905
$5,000 to $9,999 49,695 21,210 28,490 60,045 25,410 34,635
$10,000 to $19,999 84,830 36,960 47,870 101,305 43,335 57,965
$20,000 to $29,999 73,285 31,745 41,545 86,950 36,890 50,060
$30,000 to $39,999 70,585 32,870 37,715 83,330 38,265 45,060
$40,000 to $49,999 69,295 33,670 35,620 81,220 39,010 42,210
$50,000 to $59,999 60,915 30,840 30,075 72,055 36,195 35,860
$60,000 to $69,999 50,390 27,590 22,795 60,055 33,000 27,050
$70,000 to $79,999 41,340 23,475 17,870 49,775 28,610 21,170
$80,000 and over 189,485 125,275 64,215 231,325 155,965 75,360
$80,000 to $89,999 33,865 19,910 13,955 41,155 24,665 16,495
$90,000 to $99,999 29,740 17,070 12,665 36,385 21,250 15,135
$100,000 and over 125,885 88,300 37,590 153,785 110,055 43,735
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,334  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,388  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 114,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,659  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,516  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 352,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 429,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,403  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 466,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 109,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 114,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,392  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 352,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 429,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 158,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,759  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,221  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,346  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 28,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 226,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 42,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 54,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 73,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 466,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 558,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 7,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 35,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 33,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 183,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 57,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 85,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 331,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 406,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,963  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 113,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,976  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,329  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 163,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 199,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,376  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,592  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 331,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 405,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 159,323  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 162,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,269  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 113,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 154,614  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,663  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 163,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 188,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 187,270 98,085 89,180 210,880 110,395 100,490
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,339 47,217 41,240 44,498 47,880 40,904
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,945 40,894 36,765 39,062 41,362 36,496
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 186,880 98,015 88,865 210,450 110,250 100,205
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,494 65,469 55,006 60,543 65,833 54,722
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,024 52,251 45,465 49,069 52,522 45,269
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,222,325 610,570 611,755 1,478,555 739,150 739,410
In the bottom half of the distribution 453,645 221,015 232,630 533,470 259,310 274,165
In the bottom decile 90,080 44,995 45,085 103,290 51,315 51,975
In the second decile 80,640 37,540 43,105 93,030 43,040 49,985
In the third decile 87,230 41,835 45,390 102,565 49,110 53,455
In the fourth decile 93,300 45,835 47,460 111,525 54,725 56,795
In the fifth decile 102,395 50,805 51,590 123,065 61,120 61,945
In the top half of the distribution 768,680 389,560 379,125 945,085 479,840 465,245
In the sixth decile 109,200 54,675 54,525 132,530 66,350 66,180
In the seventh decile 117,280 58,930 58,350 144,110 72,510 71,600
In the eighth decile 130,300 65,880 64,420 160,570 81,360 79,215
In the ninth decile 156,320 78,930 77,390 193,890 98,225 95,660
In the top decile 255,580 131,145 124,435 313,985 161,395 152,590
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,222,325 610,575 611,755 1,476,315 738,005 738,310
0 to 17 years 267,250 137,070 130,175 331,735 170,215 161,525
0 to 5 years 93,505 47,960 45,550 114,000 58,480 55,520
18 to 64 years 827,250 413,850 413,395 987,590 493,555 494,040
65 years and over 127,825 59,645 68,180 156,985 74,240 82,750
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,505 54,495 59,010 130,220 62,210 68,010
0 to 17 years 34,415 17,720 16,695 39,925 20,505 19,420
0 to 5 years 12,405 6,375 6,030 14,095 7,220 6,875
18 to 64 years 68,340 32,690 35,650 77,725 36,895 40,835
65 years and over 10,750 4,085 6,665 12,570 4,810 7,755
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.9 9.6 8.8 8.4 9.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 12.9 12.8 12.0 12.0 12.0
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.2 12.4 12.3 12.4
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.9 8.6 7.9 7.5 8.3
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.8 9.8 8.0 6.5 9.4
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,240 52,725 53,510 115,175 57,030 58,140
0 to 17 years 28,440 14,665 13,775 31,225 16,060 15,165
0 to 5 years 10,190 5,245 4,945 11,020 5,650 5,370
18 to 64 years 71,435 35,475 35,960 77,135 38,180 38,955
65 years and over 6,365 2,590 3,780 6,810 2,790 4,020
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.7 7.8 7.7 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.7 10.6 9.4 9.4 9.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 10.9 10.9 9.7 9.7 9.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.7 7.8 7.7 7.9
65 years and over (%) 5.0 4.3 5.5 4.3 3.8 4.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,222,405 610,605 611,800 1,478,555 739,145 739,405
Official languages 1,193,310 598,385 594,930 1,448,270 726,455 721,810
English 1,192,105 597,855 594,250 1,446,935 725,850 721,090
French 90,250 41,750 48,490 106,780 49,325 57,455
Non-official languages 460,425 223,355 237,065 495,055 240,210 254,840
Aboriginal languages 1,140 445 700 1,690 705 985
Algonquian languages 820 320 500 960 385 570
Blackfoot 340 115 220 365 130 240
Cree-Montagnais languages 395 170 225 490 215 275
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 10 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 90 35 55 135 70 65
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 15 10 10
Woods Cree 55 15 40 65 10 50
Cree, n.o.s. 235 110 115 270 130 140
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 40 60 115 45 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 90 35 55 105 45 60
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 130 55 75 190 75 110
Northern Athabaskan languages 125 55 70 190 75 110
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 10 10 10 0 10
Dene 20 10 10 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 85 40 50 140 60 80
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 15 20 40 15 25
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 10 25 10 15
Inuktitut 10 10 0 10 10 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 0 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 20 20 0 20
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 10 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 115 30 90 465 200 260
Dakota 65 25 35 65 30 35
Stoney 80 20 65 430 190 240
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 10 10 15 10 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 10 15 10 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 0 20 10 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 459,295 222,920 236,375 493,390 239,515 253,875
Afro-Asiatic languages 40,620 21,290 19,330 42,095 22,120 19,970
Berber languages 200 140 60 200 140 60
Kabyle 110 60 45 110 65 45
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 80 10 95 80 15
Cushitic languages 3,580 1,825 1,760 3,590 1,835 1,755
Bilen 65 40 25 65 45 25
Oromo 1,370 715 655 1,370 710 660
Somali 2,175 1,085 1,090 2,185 1,090 1,090
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 30 0 20
Semitic languages 37,460 19,700 17,760 38,915 20,515 18,400
Amharic 5,740 2,905 2,835 5,795 2,940 2,855
Arabic 27,555 14,645 12,905 28,815 15,345 13,470
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 155 335 165 165
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 50 115 55 60
Harari 100 50 45 95 45 50
Hebrew 1,550 745 810 1,625 780 845
Maltese 30 20 15 35 25 15
Tigrigna 3,555 1,925 1,630 3,610 1,950 1,655
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 135 110 245 140 110
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 160 90 65 170 100 70
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,275 8,245 9,035 18,580 8,835 9,740
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,140 620 520 1,215 655 560
Vietnamese 16,190 7,650 8,540 17,430 8,210 9,220
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 58,445 25,225 33,215 63,050 27,255 35,790
Bikol 165 70 100 175 70 105
Cebuano 2,675 1,205 1,475 3,000 1,325 1,675
Fijian 120 65 50 135 80 60
Hiligaynon 920 365 560 1,005 425 585
Ilocano 3,640 1,580 2,065 3,755 1,645 2,110
Malagasy 45 15 25 45 20 30
Malay 1,440 675 765 1,520 725 800
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 415 205 210 445 215 225
Pangasinan 205 80 120 230 95 130
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,265 23,695 31,570 59,655 25,610 34,045
Waray-Waray 190 70 115 230 100 130
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 555 230 320 595 255 335
Creole languages 1,665 820 845 1,820 900 920
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 85 45 35
Creole, n.o.s. 1,070 535 540 1,120 560 565
Creole languages, n.i.e. 565 270 295 620 300 325
Dravidian languages 7,040 3,690 3,355 7,295 3,830 3,465
Kannada 530 270 270 565 285 280
Malayalam 2,475 1,305 1,170 2,615 1,380 1,235
Tamil 3,165 1,655 1,505 3,235 1,705 1,530
Telugu 1,290 675 615 1,295 685 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 75 40 40
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 40 85 40 45
Indo-European languages 231,885 115,155 116,730 254,480 126,365 128,115
Albanian 1,680 885 795 1,755 925 835
Armenian 295 165 130 295 165 130
Balto-Slavic languages 34,560 16,785 17,780 37,555 18,245 19,310
Baltic languages 585 280 310 655 315 340
Latvian 230 110 115 270 140 130
Lithuanian 355 165 195 385 170 215
Slavic languages 34,195 16,615 17,580 37,140 18,055 19,085
Belarusan 70 30 40 75 30 45
Bosnian 1,230 655 575 1,360 730 635
Bulgarian 1,075 575 500 1,125 595 530
Croatian 2,515 1,245 1,275 2,805 1,405 1,405
Czech 1,620 770 855 1,875 875 1,000
Macedonian 270 145 120 275 145 130
Polish 8,920 4,255 4,660 9,765 4,685 5,075
Russian 13,255 6,395 6,860 14,000 6,735 7,265
Serbian 2,305 1,140 1,160 2,420 1,200 1,220
Serbo-Croatian 570 305 260 580 320 260
Slovak 1,460 800 655 1,645 910 735
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 130 150 340 165 175
Ukrainian 4,455 2,020 2,440 5,000 2,255 2,745
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 80 40 40
Celtic languages 440 210 235 505 245 260
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 185 95 90
Welsh 90 50 35 125 70 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 115 190 75 110
Germanic languages 24,095 11,910 12,185 30,480 15,145 15,330
Afrikaans 1,650 890 755 2,105 1,120 985
Danish 930 445 490 1,160 555 600
Dutch 4,235 2,085 2,150 5,725 2,835 2,890
Frisian 55 25 30 105 45 55
German 16,720 8,360 8,360 20,935 10,510 10,425
Icelandic 80 40 40 90 40 40
Norwegian 450 175 280 540 210 335
Swedish 600 280 320 685 330 350
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 60 50 150 75 75
Yiddish 175 95 80 175 95 75
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 80 30 50
Greek 2,310 1,165 1,145 2,550 1,290 1,255
Indo-Iranian languages 108,445 55,085 53,365 115,050 58,450 56,600
Indo-Aryan languages 96,045 48,500 47,545 102,320 51,690 50,625
Bengali 4,990 2,500 2,485 5,100 2,565 2,535
Gujarati 8,355 4,065 4,290 8,660 4,205 4,455
Hindi 28,410 14,550 13,855 30,060 15,410 14,645
Kashmiri 60 45 20 65 40 20
Konkani 375 195 180 390 205 190
Marathi 1,545 800 740 1,550 805 740
Nepali 2,215 1,225 990 2,260 1,260 1,000
Oriya (Odia) 150 70 75 150 70 75
Punjabi (Panjabi) 47,135 23,930 23,205 51,335 26,055 25,280
Sindhi 2,630 1,160 1,475 2,785 1,225 1,565
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,355 680 685 1,410 700 710
Urdu 24,965 12,745 12,225 26,120 13,345 12,770
Iranian languages 13,280 6,975 6,310 13,630 7,170 6,465
Kurdish 950 525 430 1,005 545 460
Pashto 2,160 1,165 995 2,205 1,190 1,010
Persian (Farsi) 10,520 5,530 4,995 10,790 5,680 5,110
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,135 615 525 1,180 630 545
Italic (Romance) languages 65,745 31,920 33,825 72,570 35,155 37,410
Catalan 70 40 30 85 50 40
Italian 8,875 4,385 4,485 9,830 4,845 4,980
Portuguese 4,955 2,430 2,525 5,470 2,700 2,770
Romanian 5,580 2,885 2,695 6,045 3,140 2,900
Spanish 48,685 23,475 25,205 53,745 25,785 27,960
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 80 50 30
Japanese 4,140 1,865 2,275 4,485 2,025 2,460
Kartvelian languages 125 75 50 140 90 50
Georgian 125 75 55 140 90 50
Korean 9,895 4,585 5,305 10,405 4,880 5,530
Mongolic languages 650 305 345 660 310 350
Mongolian 655 305 345 655 310 350
Niger-Congo languages 11,365 5,780 5,585 12,205 6,160 6,045
Akan (Twi) 1,045 560 485 1,150 610 540
Bamanankan 15 10 10 20 15 10
Edo 215 130 85 235 150 90
Ewe 70 30 35 75 35 40
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 130 75 60 135 80 55
Ga 85 55 35 110 65 50
Ganda 75 30 45 80 35 45
Igbo 1,430 750 685 1,500 790 705
Lingala 420 225 195 425 230 200
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 75 170 95 80
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 40 60 105 45 60
Shona 475 205 270 510 225 285
Swahili 2,290 1,145 1,150 2,430 1,200 1,230
Wolof 330 195 135 330 195 135
Yoruba 3,260 1,670 1,595 3,530 1,780 1,745
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,055 995 1,060 2,265 1,090 1,175
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,650 760 890 1,695 775 920
Dinka 785 385 405 785 385 400
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 875 385 490 920 400 520
Sign languages 1,495 630 870 1,825 775 1,045
American Sign Language 805 305 500 970 380 585
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 710 335 370 870 405 465
Sino-Tibetan languages 78,985 37,685 41,305 80,570 38,395 42,170
Chinese languages 77,495 36,955 40,540 79,080 37,675 41,405
Cantonese 42,445 20,090 22,355 43,205 20,400 22,805
Hakka 425 180 245 430 185 245
Mandarin 38,805 18,290 20,515 39,585 18,650 20,940
Min Dong 65 35 25 60 35 25
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,350 990 1,360 2,425 1,015 1,410
Wu (Shanghainese) 570 245 320 575 245 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,020 1,485 1,540 3,160 1,560 1,600
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,520 730 785 1,525 730 790
Burmese 345 160 185 345 165 180
Karenic languages 295 145 150 295 145 150
Tibetan 805 400 395 800 400 400
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 60 95 155 60 95
Tai-Kadai languages 1,330 550 780 1,580 650 925
Lao 555 255 300 660 310 350
Thai 840 320 520 1,020 390 630
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,525 1,340 1,185 2,595 1,385 1,205
Azerbaijani 350 165 180 350 170 180
Turkish 1,650 940 710 1,715 985 735
Uyghur 130 65 70 130 60 70
Uzbek 250 110 135 245 110 135
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 95 110 205 95 110
Uralic languages 4,550 2,185 2,360 4,995 2,390 2,605
Estonian 110 50 60 110 50 60
Finnish 300 140 160 370 170 200
Hungarian 4,135 1,995 2,135 4,505 2,160 2,345
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 10 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 770 435 335 800 455 350
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,222,405 610,605 611,795 1,478,555 739,145 739,410
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,075,485 539,490 535,990 1,318,760 661,985 656,775
Canadian citizens aged under 18 242,840 124,485 118,360 305,580 156,775 148,800
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 832,640 415,005 417,635 1,013,175 505,205 507,970
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 146,925 71,120 75,805 159,795 77,160 82,635
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,222,405 610,610 611,795 1,478,555 739,150 739,410
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 813,490 411,785 401,705 1,034,370 523,185 511,185
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 383,065 185,855 197,210 415,935 201,820 214,115
Before 1981 63,925 31,830 32,095 73,380 36,520 36,860
1981 to 1990 38,270 18,190 20,075 42,050 19,990 22,055
1991 to 2000 64,815 31,015 33,800 69,850 33,460 36,395
2001 to 2010 126,390 61,375 65,015 135,005 65,555 69,450
2001 to 2005 56,820 27,785 29,035 60,405 29,495 30,910
2006 to 2010 69,570 33,590 35,985 74,600 36,060 38,540
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 89,665 43,440 46,220 95,650 46,295 49,360
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,850 12,965 12,880 28,250 14,145 14,105
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 383,065 185,855 197,210 415,930 201,820 214,115
Under 5 years 34,960 17,830 17,130 38,720 19,770 18,955
5 to 14 years 64,790 33,705 31,085 71,380 37,000 34,375
15 to 24 years 74,550 34,270 40,285 81,525 37,485 44,035
25 to 44 years 172,855 83,030 89,820 185,945 89,400 96,540
45 years and over 35,905 17,020 18,880 38,370 18,160 20,205
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 383,060 185,855 197,205 415,935 201,820 214,115
Americas 41,020 19,550 21,465 46,020 21,780 24,245
Brazil 1,420 640 780 1,475 675 800
Colombia 5,580 2,645 2,935 5,860 2,765 3,090
El Salvador 2,335 1,180 1,155 2,480 1,250 1,235
Guyana 825 410 415 890 450 435
Haiti 490 260 235 540 275 260
Jamaica 2,835 1,280 1,550 3,120 1,410 1,705
Mexico 4,110 2,050 2,055 4,660 2,280 2,380
Peru 1,080 440 635 1,120 470 650
Trinidad and Tobago 1,375 655 720 1,495 725 765
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,715 4,915 5,800 13,230 5,965 7,260
Other places of birth in Americas 10,265 5,080 5,185 11,150 5,490 5,660
Europe 72,990 36,520 36,470 87,110 43,680 43,430
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,945 990 955 2,115 1,085 1,030
Croatia 1,220 635 580 1,330 690 640
France 1,200 585 610 1,325 655 670
Germany 5,710 2,725 2,985 7,195 3,400 3,795
Greece 890 470 425 960 505 455
Hungary 1,840 925 920 2,030 1,020 1,010
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,620 850 765 1,815 955 855
Italy 3,625 1,950 1,675 3,940 2,120 1,820
Netherlands 2,890 1,540 1,355 3,960 2,100 1,855
Poland 6,420 3,030 3,390 7,010 3,310 3,695
Portugal 1,075 480 590 1,205 555 650
Romania 4,250 2,135 2,115 4,630 2,320 2,310
Russian Federation 3,875 1,685 2,195 4,065 1,745 2,325
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,060 530 530 1,145 585 565
Ukraine 2,855 1,315 1,545 3,050 1,410 1,640
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,150 11,440 10,705 29,390 15,105 14,285
Other places of birth in Europe 10,360 5,230 5,135 11,945 6,110 5,835
Africa 39,220 20,070 19,155 41,460 21,215 20,245
Algeria 745 400 340 775 420 355
Egypt 2,850 1,515 1,330 2,955 1,580 1,375
Ethiopia 5,195 2,565 2,625 5,235 2,595 2,645
Kenya 2,610 1,275 1,330 2,770 1,345 1,425
Morocco 660 340 315 710 375 340
Nigeria 7,385 3,830 3,560 7,750 4,025 3,725
Somalia 1,340 635 710 1,355 645 710
South Africa, Republic of 2,655 1,395 1,265 3,250 1,685 1,565
Other places of birth in Africa 15,790 8,115 7,675 16,650 8,550 8,105
Asia 226,295 107,935 118,360 237,215 113,050 124,165
Afghanistan 3,200 1,715 1,480 3,290 1,770 1,525
Bangladesh 3,110 1,595 1,515 3,180 1,635 1,545
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,550 15,930 18,620 35,135 16,200 18,930
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10,925 5,310 5,615 11,150 5,410 5,745