Census Profile, 2016 Census
Cochrane, Town [Census subdivision], Alberta and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cochrane, T
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Cochrane, Town [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Cochrane, Town [Census subdivision], Alberta Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 25,853  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,067,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 17,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,645,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 47.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 10,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,654,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 9,757  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 866.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 29.83  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 640,330.46  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 25,855 12,725 13,135 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 5,500 2,780 2,715 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 1,975 980 990 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 1,890 970 920 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 1,630 825 805 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 17,380 8,545 8,835 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 1,405 735 675 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 1,255 615 640 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 1,765 825 945 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 2,135 1,055 1,080 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 2,130 1,045 1,085 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 1,970 970 1,000 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 1,695 870 830 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 1,805 850 955 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 1,710 820 885 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 1,500 750 750 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 2,975 1,395 1,575 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 1,220 585 635 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 765 375 390 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 460 200 255 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 300 150 150 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 230 85 150 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 150 60 85 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 55 20 35 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 30 5 25 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 5 0 0 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 21.3 21.8 20.7 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 67.2 67.2 67.3 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 11.5 11.0 12.0 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 0.9 0.7 1.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 37.1 36.7 37.6 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 36.9 36.6 37.2 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 9,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 6,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 946,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 3,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 471,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 223,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 9,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 524,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 233,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 25,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,978,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 20,355 9,940 10,415 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 14,030 7,000 7,030 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 11,825 5,900 5,920 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 2,210 1,100 1,110 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 6,325 2,935 3,390 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 4,050 2,175 1,875 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 480 210 270 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 1,145 415 730 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 650 135 515 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 3,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 7,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 6,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 5,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 793,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 6,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 3,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 443,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 3,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 509,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 213,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,910 1,390 1,520 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 9,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 7,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,039,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 414,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 4,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 625,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 2,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 451,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 25,850 12,725 13,135 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 23,315 11,595 11,715 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 15 5 10 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 2,480 1,100 1,375 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 45 15 30 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 25,855 12,725 13,130 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 25,185 12,400 12,780 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 580 280 295 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 50 20 25 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 40 15 25 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 605 295 310 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.3 2.3 2.4 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 25,855 12,720 13,135 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 25,575 12,595 12,975 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 23,710 11,715 11,995 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 23,095 11,415 11,675 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 615 300 320 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 1,860 880 985 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 0 0 5 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 5 5 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 5 5 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,850 875 975 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 55 30 25 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 5 5 0 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 0 0 0 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 50 25 25 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 0 0 0 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 45 20 20 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 5 0 0 960 505 460
Maltese 0 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 20 10 10 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 250 90 160 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 0 0 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 15 5 5 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 0 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 5 0 5 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 5 5 5 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 215 75 140 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 980 430 550
Creole languages 15 10 0 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 5 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 15 5 5 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 0 0 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 10 10 5 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 5 0 0 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 0 0 0 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 1,245 605 640 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 5 5 0 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 0 0 0 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 260 120 150 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 10 5 5 1,010 475 535
Latvian 5 0 0 415 195 220
Lithuanian 5 0 5 600 285 315
Slavic languages 255 115 140 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 0 5 0 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,545 790 755
Croatian 15 10 5 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 35 15 20 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 0 0 360 185 175
Polish 65 25 35 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 50 20 30 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 0 0 0 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 970 480 485
Slovak 25 15 10 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 695 320 370
Ukrainian 45 25 25 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 120 100
Celtic languages 5 5 5 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 135 70 65
Welsh 0 0 5 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 530 245 280 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 20 10 10 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 25 15 5 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 130 65 65 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 0 0 0 360 200 160
German 335 145 190 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 5 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 5 5 5 815 370 445
Swedish 5 0 0 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 20 10 5 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 130 70 55 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 105 65 45 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 5 0 0 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 30 15 15 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 10 5 5 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 0 0 0 1,510 775 730
Nepali 5 5 5 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 15 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 30 20 10 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 25 15 10 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,550 845 705
Pashto 0 0 0 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 305 160 145 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 50 20 25 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 45 20 20 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 20 15 10 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 190 100 90 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 30 5 25 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 65 30 35 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 5 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 0 0 0 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 0 0 0 1,165 625 540
Lingala 0 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 805 405 400
Shona 5 0 0 1,100 545 555
Swahili 5 0 5 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 0 0 0 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 0 5 0 830 440 390
American Sign Language 0 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 75 30 40 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 75 30 40 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 35 20 15 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 0 0 990 465 530
Mandarin 30 10 20 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 0 0 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 5 0 5 1,020 485 535
Thai 5 0 5 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 10 5 5 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 5 0 0 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 40 20 20 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 5 0 0 190 90 105
Finnish 5 0 0 810 330 480
Hungarian 35 15 15 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 690 415 280
Multiple responses 280 130 155 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 100 45 55 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 170 75 95 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 5 5 0 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 25,855 12,720 13,135 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 25,460 12,535 12,915 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 24,830 12,230 12,600 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 24,595 12,110 12,485 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 235 120 110 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 630 305 320 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 10 5 5 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 615 305 310 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 10 10 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 5 0 0 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 0 0 0 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 15 5 5 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 0 0 0 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 15 5 10 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 960 460 500
Vietnamese 10 5 5 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 120 50 65 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 5 5 0 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 5 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 45 60 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 5 0 0 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 10 0 5 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 5 5 5 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 0 0 0 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 0 0 0 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 360 180 180 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 0 0 0 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 75 35 40 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 0 0 5 410 210 200
Latvian 5 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 70 30 40 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 0 5 0 785 400 385
Bulgarian 0 0 0 825 415 405
Croatian 5 5 0 1,800 905 895
Czech 15 5 5 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 20 5 10 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 15 5 5 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 0 0 0 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 10 5 5 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 5 0 0 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 95 40 55 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 25 10 10 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 55 25 30 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 5 5 0 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 50 30 25 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 45 25 20 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 5 0 0 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 15 5 5 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 5 0 0 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 0 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 0 0 0 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 5 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,480 750 730
Urdu 10 5 5 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 10 5 5 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 0 0 0 850 440 410
Pashto 0 0 0 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 0 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 135 70 60 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 10 0 5 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 20 10 15 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 5 0 5 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 100 55 40 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 15 10 10 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 35 20 15 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 5 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 0 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 0 0 0 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 0 0 0 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 725 350 375
Sign languages 5 5 5 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 0 0 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 35 20 20 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 35 20 15 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 15 10 5 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 15 5 10 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,130 505 625
Lao 0 0 0 465 215 245
Thai 0 0 0 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 0 0 0 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 10 5 5 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 10 5 5 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 395 180 215 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 55 30 25 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 335 150 190 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 5 0 0 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 25,850 12,720 13,130 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 24,230 11,980 12,250 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 430 210 215 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 465 195 270 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 695 315 380 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 5 0 0 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 690 315 380 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 5 0 5 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 5 5 0 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 15 10 10 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,145 9,870 10,275 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,410 9,540 9,875 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,896 70,400 35,927 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 19,420 9,540 9,880 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,199 58,702 32,352 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 18,630 9,345 9,285 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,702 69,063 33,001 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,320 3,655 6,670 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,228 6,104 3,852 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 15,950 8,220 7,735 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,350 69,685 32,744 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 20,150 9,865 10,275 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,425 9,505 9,920 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,927 91,345 47,443 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,435 9,505 9,925 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,187 71,275 39,781 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 18,755 9,365 9,390 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,513 89,738 45,360 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,390 3,595 6,795 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,010 7,860 6,560 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 15,955 8,160 7,790 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 65,387 86,449 43,329 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 20,150 9,870 10,280 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 7,720 4,650 3,070 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 76,163 88,403 58,099 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 91,810 108,090 67,167 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.8 90.5 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 80.3 72.2 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.2 9.5 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 20,145 9,870 10,280 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 735 330 410 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 19,410 9,540 9,870 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.7 96.0 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,310 740 1,560 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 2,030 640 1,390 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 1,955 620 1,330 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 1,685 615 1,065 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 1,600 660 935 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 1,565 755 810 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 1,345 700 640 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 1,205 690 515 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 1,050 650 400 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 830 495 335 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 3,850 2,965 880 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 2,315 1,670 645 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 1,535 1,295 240 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 20,150 9,870 10,275 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 730 330 400 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 19,420 9,540 9,880 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.7 96.2 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 2,420 770 1,650 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 2,115 665 1,450 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 2,285 755 1,535 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 2,085 815 1,265 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 2,030 940 1,090 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 1,830 955 875 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 1,495 900 595 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 1,285 780 505 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 3,880 2,965 915 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 970 640 335 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 705 525 180 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 2,205 1,805 400 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 20,150 9,870 10,280 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 4,195 1,650 2,550 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 15,950 8,225 7,730 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 79.2 83.3 75.2 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,900 795 1,105 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 965 370 590 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 1,670 565 1,105 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 1,325 480 845 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 1,185 465 715 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 1,100 460 640 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 1,125 495 630 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 930 490 445 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 945 565 375 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 4,805 3,535 1,275 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 855 525 330 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 760 465 290 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 3,190 2,540 650 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 9,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 113,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 95,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 58,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 7,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,161,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,848  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,393  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 9,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 109,921  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 365,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 74,274  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 7,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,162,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 151,653  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 9,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 5,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 712,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 9,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 7,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,763  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 407,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,876  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 3,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 511,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 150,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 7,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,101,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 150,737  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 408,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 139,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 3,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 512,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 174,487  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 169,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 138,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 93,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 78,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 2,635 1,275 1,355 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 52,128 58,859 45,952 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,992 49,690 40,247 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 2,635 1,280 1,355 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 66,585 77,992 55,841 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 53,451 60,909 46,426 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 25,640 12,645 12,990 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,745 3,150 3,590 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 1,150 540 610 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 1,065 460 605 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 1,190 540 650 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 1,510 705 805 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 1,830 900 930 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 18,895 9,495 9,400 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 2,350 1,160 1,195 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 2,910 1,440 1,470 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 3,465 1,710 1,750 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 4,300 2,145 2,150 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 5,870 3,045 2,825 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 25,640 12,650 12,990 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 6,395 3,235 3,155 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 2,360 1,185 1,170 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 16,450 8,070 8,380 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 2,795 1,340 1,455 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,450 645 805 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 490 240 250 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 180 90 90 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 820 360 460 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 140 45 95 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 5.7 5.1 6.2 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 7.7 7.4 7.9 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 7.6 7.6 7.7 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 5.0 4.5 5.5 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 5.0 3.4 6.5 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 830 395 430 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 250 120 125 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 85 40 45 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 535 255 285 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 40 15 25 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.2 3.1 3.3 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 3.9 3.7 4.0 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 3.6 3.4 3.8 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 3.3 3.2 3.4 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.1 1.7 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 25,640 12,650 12,990 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 25,610 12,645 12,965 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 25,590 12,635 12,960 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 2,480 1,165 1,315 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 2,740 1,240 1,500 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 10 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 10 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 10 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,725 1,235 1,490 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 45 30 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 0 0 0 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 75 40 30 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 0 0 0 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 70 40 30 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 10 10 0 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 0 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 10 30 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 30 0 20 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 365 135 230 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 30 10 20 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 10 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 0 0 0 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 0 0 0 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 345 130 215 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 25 20 10 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 25 15 10 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 10 0 0 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 0 0 0 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 0 0 0 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 0 0 0 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 1,880 865 1,020 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 10 0 0 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 360 135 225 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 15 10 10 1,360 660 705
Latvian 10 10 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 10 0 10 775 360 415
Slavic languages 345 135 215 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,795 945 850
Croatian 35 10 20 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 50 10 40 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 80 30 55 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 90 30 65 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 0 0 0 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 50 25 20 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 735 360 375
Ukrainian 75 40 35 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 15 0 10 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 440 215 225
Welsh 15 10 10 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 700 360 335 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 50 20 30 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 30 15 15 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 160 90 75 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 0 0 0 475 275 205
German 480 250 230 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 0 10 0 1,450 635 810
Swedish 10 15 0 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 30 20 10 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 70 35 35 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 60 30 30 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 0 0 0 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 10 0 0 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 15 10 10 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 0 0 0 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 0 0 0 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 15 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 10 0 10 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 30 20 10 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 15 10 10 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 0 0 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 0 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 770 335 430 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 10 10 0 170 95 80
Italian 90 40 60 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 40 15 20 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 25 15 10 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 640 285 360 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 125
Japanese 65 40 25 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 90 50 45 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 15 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 10 0 10 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 0 10 0 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 0 0 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 10 10 10 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 0 0 0 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 0 0 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 45 20 20 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 35 15 20 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 80 30 50 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 80 30 45 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 40 15 30 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 0 0 0 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 25 0 20 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 10 0 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 0 0 0 1,520 730 795
Thai 15 10 10 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 10 0 10 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 0 0 10 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 50 30 20 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 0 0 0 185 85 105
Finnish 10 0 0 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 50 30 15 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 25,640 12,650 12,990 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 24,035 11,920 12,110 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 6,180 3,130 3,050 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 17,850 8,790 9,065 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,610 730 880 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 25,640 12,650 12,990 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 22,085 10,935 11,155 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,255 1,595 1,660 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 850 425 430 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 255 120 135 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 455 200 255 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 985 525 460 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 205 110 95 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 775 410 365 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 715 330 380 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 295 120 175 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,260 1,595 1,665 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 370 160 205 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 645 345 300 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 520 260 260 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 1,505 710 795 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 220 120 100 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,255 1,595 1,665 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 515 250 265 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 0 10 0 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 10 0 0 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 10 0 0 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 0 0 0 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 10 0 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 45 20 20 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 35 10 25 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 0 0 0 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 0 10 0 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 330 165 165 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 80 30 45 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 2,050 1,025 1,020 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 15 10 10 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 25 0 10 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 200 90 110 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 15 10 10 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 15 10 0 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 15 10 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 20 0 15 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 130 65 65 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 50 15 30 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 15 10 10 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 35 15 15 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 40 10 30 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 0 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 15 0 15 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,280 675 610 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 175 95 80 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 125 55 70 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 0 0 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 25 15 0 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 0 0 0 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 10 10 10 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 10 0 10 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 10 0 0 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 0 0 0 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 35 15 25 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 30 15 25 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 510 220 290 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 0 0 0 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 20 0 10 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 25 15 10 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 20 10 10 91,660 46,625 45,035
IranCensus data footnote 61