Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fernie, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Alberta [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fernie, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Alberta

[Province]
Data quality , Fernie, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Fernie, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Alberta [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 5,249 use with caution. For more information, refer to the 2016 and 2011 population and dwelling count amendments. E  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,067,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 4,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,645,257  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 18.0 use with caution. For more information, refer to the 2016 and 2011 population and dwelling count amendments. E  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 3,032  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,654,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 388.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 13.50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 640,330.46  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 5,250 2,635 2,615 4,067,175 2,039,410 2,027,765
0 to 14 years 965 500 470 779,155 399,570 379,580
0 to 4 years 375 200 175 266,515 136,520 129,995
5 to 9 years 335 165 165 270,715 138,990 131,725
10 to 14 years 265 135 130 241,920 124,060 117,860
15 to 64 years 3,540 1,795 1,745 2,787,805 1,408,150 1,379,655
15 to 19 years 185 85 100 240,035 123,625 116,410
20 to 24 years 230 120 110 261,830 133,990 127,840
25 to 29 years 415 205 215 310,940 156,715 154,225
30 to 34 years 505 270 240 333,175 167,555 165,620
35 to 39 years 505 255 250 305,505 153,655 151,850
40 to 44 years 395 200 195 281,205 142,545 138,660
45 to 49 years 320 155 165 269,030 135,855 133,180
50 to 54 years 310 170 145 284,310 142,205 142,100
55 to 59 years 370 175 195 275,540 138,565 136,970
60 to 64 years 310 165 140 226,230 113,440 112,790
65 years and over 740 335 405 500,215 231,690 268,530
65 to 69 years 275 130 140 173,680 85,500 88,180
70 to 74 years 175 70 100 117,035 56,430 60,610
75 to 79 years 110 55 55 83,955 39,105 44,845
80 to 84 years 85 40 45 62,165 27,590 34,575
85 years and over 95 35 55 63,385 23,065 40,320
85 to 89 years 55 25 30 39,965 16,050 23,915
90 to 94 years 30 5 25 18,025 5,755 12,275
95 to 99 years 10 5 5 4,735 1,145 3,595
100 years and over 0 0 0 650 115 535
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 19.0 18.0 19.2 19.6 18.7
15 to 64 years 67.4 68.1 66.7 68.5 69.0 68.0
65 years and over 14.1 12.7 15.5 12.3 11.4 13.2
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.1 1.6 1.1 2.0
Average age of the population 39.2 38.6 39.9 37.8 37.2 38.4
Median age of the population 38.0 37.6 38.4 36.7 36.2 37.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 946,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 471,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 223,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 524,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 245,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 233,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 5,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,978,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,280 2,135 2,150 3,288,020 1,639,835 1,648,185
Married or living common law 2,825 1,415 1,415 1,969,300 988,410 980,895
Married 2,170 1,085 1,080 1,648,945 828,155 820,790
Living common law 660 325 330 320,350 160,250 160,100
Not married and not living common law 1,455 725 735 1,318,720 651,430 667,290
Never married 925 530 385 905,700 505,310 400,390
Separated 85 35 50 76,150 34,000 42,150
Divorced 235 110 125 195,850 82,040 113,815
Widowed 215 45 175 141,020 30,080 110,940
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 540,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 235,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 227,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,114,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 1,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 793,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 123,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 953,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 443,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 509,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 190,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 213,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 970 510 460 678,535 356,875 321,655
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,039,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 414,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 625,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 451,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 5,165 2,605 2,560 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English only 4,575 2,325 2,245 3,698,765 1,869,670 1,829,095
French only 0 0 0 3,895 1,725 2,165
English and French 585 275 310 264,720 124,400 140,315
Neither English nor French 10 0 10 59,280 24,715 34,565
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 5,165 2,605 2,565 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
English 4,990 2,515 2,475 3,880,685 1,950,980 1,929,705
French 160 80 75 71,535 37,205 34,330
English and French 10 0 10 16,605 8,350 8,255
Neither English nor French 5 0 5 57,830 23,970 33,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 165 85 80 79,840 41,380 38,455
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.3 3.1 2.0 2.0 1.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 5,165 2,600 2,565 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
Single responses 5,110 2,575 2,535 3,934,580 1,975,615 1,958,970
Official languages 4,790 2,430 2,355 3,063,640 1,552,475 1,511,165
English 4,625 2,350 2,280 2,991,485 1,515,025 1,476,460
French 165 85 80 72,150 37,450 34,705
Non-official languages 315 140 175 870,940 423,140 447,805
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 23,835 11,290 12,550
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 18,295 8,665 9,630
Blackfoot 0 0 0 2,750 1,305 1,445
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 14,960 7,105 7,850
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 15 35
Plains Cree 0 0 0 720 280 435
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 50 20 35
Woods Cree 0 0 0 910 430 480
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 13,220 6,355 6,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 550 235 315
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 525 230 300
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 5 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,865 865 1,000
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,855 860 990
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 35 15 15
Carrier 0 0 0 15 0 15
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,470 710 760
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 40 10 30
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 70 20 45
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 200 90 115
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 5 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 155 70 80
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 120 35 85
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 25 5 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 10 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 45 35
Salish languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 3,370 1,630 1,745
Dakota 0 0 0 350 165 185
Stoney 0 0 0 3,020 1,460 1,555
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 315 140 170 847,105 411,850 435,255
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 68,415 36,215 32,200
Berber languages 0 0 0 340 190 145
Kabyle 0 0 0 165 90 75
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 12,525 6,495 6,030
Bilen 0 0 0 315 185 130
Oromo 0 0 0 2,650 1,375 1,275
Somali 0 0 0 9,520 4,915 4,605
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Semitic languages 5 0 5 55,425 29,450 25,980
Amharic 0 0 0 7,320 3,605 3,720
Arabic 5 0 5 40,540 21,840 18,705
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 210 190
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 145 80 65
Harari 0 0 0 260 135 120
Hebrew 0 0 0 960 505 460
Maltese 0 0 0 75 30 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5,415 2,880 2,535
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 80 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 25,295 11,760 13,535
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,925 910 1,010
Vietnamese 0 0 0 23,350 10,840 12,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 50 20 30 115,405 50,190 65,210
Bikol 0 0 0 425 205 225
Cebuano 5 0 0 5,135 2,155 2,980
Fijian 0 0 0 125 75 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,500 640 855
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,350 2,310 3,040
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 10 25
Malay 0 0 0 1,460 615 845
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 765 370 390
Pangasinan 0 0 0 290 115 175
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 15 25 99,035 43,120 55,920
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 305 145 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 980 430 550
Creole languages 0 0 0 1,895 990 910
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 95 45 50
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,175 640 540
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 625 305 325
Dravidian languages 0 5 5 13,490 7,075 6,415
Kannada 0 0 0 535 270 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 6,345 3,285 3,060
Tamil 5 0 0 4,430 2,360 2,070
Telugu 0 0 0 2,130 1,135 995
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Indo-European languages 210 100 110 442,685 220,330 222,355
Albanian 0 0 0 2,345 1,270 1,075
Armenian 0 0 0 500 250 245
Balto-Slavic languages 40 15 25 80,330 37,750 42,580
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,010 475 535
Latvian 0 0 0 415 195 220
Lithuanian 0 0 0 600 285 315
Slavic languages 35 15 20 79,325 37,275 42,050
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,835 915 920
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,545 790 755
Croatian 0 0 5 4,655 2,340 2,320
Czech 0 0 0 3,000 1,430 1,575
Macedonian 0 0 0 360 185 175
Polish 10 5 5 20,130 9,425 10,705
Russian 5 5 5 17,810 8,150 9,665
Serbian 0 0 0 4,020 2,035 1,985
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 970 480 485
Slovak 10 5 0 2,185 1,070 1,115
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 695 320 370
Ukrainian 5 5 0 21,835 9,985 11,850
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 120 100
Celtic languages 5 0 0 370 200 170
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 135 70 65
Welsh 0 0 0 175 85 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 60 30 30 104,260 51,525 52,735
Afrikaans 10 5 0 3,010 1,475 1,535
Danish 0 0 0 2,380 1,245 1,135
Dutch 10 5 5 16,135 8,095 8,045
Frisian 0 0 0 360 200 160
German 35 20 20 80,050 39,435 40,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 115 55 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 815 370 445
Swedish 5 0 5 875 405 470
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 320 150 170
Yiddish 0 0 0 140 70 70
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Greek 0 0 0 3,130 1,655 1,475
Indo-Iranian languages 20 5 10 166,805 85,250 81,560
Indo-Aryan languages 15 10 10 145,900 74,320 71,580
Bengali 0 0 0 7,000 3,630 3,370
Gujarati 0 5 5 13,140 6,785 6,355
Hindi 0 0 0 17,055 8,675 8,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 105 60 50
Konkani 0 0 0 370 190 185
Marathi 0 0 0 1,510 775 730
Nepali 0 0 0 5,175 2,690 2,490
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 190 100 90
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 68,695 34,935 33,760
Sindhi 0 0 0 2,770 1,300 1,475
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,590 1,320 1,265
Urdu 5 0 0 27,295 13,865 13,430
Iranian languages 0 0 0 19,600 10,235 9,365
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,550 845 705
Pashto 0 0 0 2,560 1,320 1,235
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 15,490 8,070 7,425
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 695 615
Italic (Romance) languages 95 45 50 84,940 42,425 42,515
Catalan 0 0 0 75 30 45
Italian 60 35 25 11,375 5,760 5,615
Portuguese 5 0 0 9,050 4,380 4,670
Romanian 0 5 0 8,035 4,080 3,955
Spanish 30 10 15 56,370 28,160 28,205
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 15 5 10 4,875 1,715 3,160
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 230 130 105
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 5 0 5 17,920 8,485 9,435
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 545 255 290
Mongolian 0 0 0 540 255 290
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 15,360 7,870 7,495
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,755 915 835
Bamanankan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 275 155 120
Ewe 0 0 0 245 145 100
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 230 120 100
Ga 0 0 0 145 80 65
Ganda 0 0 0 280 145 135
Igbo 0 0 0 1,165 625 540
Lingala 0 0 0 270 130 140
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 605 305 295
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 805 405 400
Shona 0 0 0 1,100 545 555
Swahili 5 0 0 2,380 1,160 1,215
Wolof 0 0 0 280 165 110
Yoruba 0 0 0 2,435 1,305 1,125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,370 1,640 1,735
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,720 1,395 1,330
Dinka 0 0 0 1,345 705 640
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,375 685 690
Sign languages 0 0 0 830 440 390
American Sign Language 0 0 0 335 165 165
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 495 275 225
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 5 5 122,450 57,740 64,705
Chinese languages 15 5 10 120,375 56,675 63,700
Cantonese 10 5 5 59,145 27,755 31,385
Hakka 0 0 0 990 465 530
Mandarin 0 0 0 50,660 23,940 26,720
Min Dong 0 0 0 115 50 65
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 3,060 1,375 1,695
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 630 305 330
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,725 2,770 2,955
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,075 1,065 1,005
Burmese 0 0 0 430 230 200
Karenic languages 0 0 0 795 415 380
Tibetan 0 0 0 575 295 275
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 130 140
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 5 2,670 955 1,710
Lao 0 0 0 1,020 485 535
Thai 5 0 5 1,630 465 1,165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,250 1,800
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 215 155
Turkish 0 0 0 3,140 1,760 1,375
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 60
Uzbek 0 0 0 205 115 90
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 95 120
Uralic languages 10 0 5 7,470 3,600 3,870
Estonian 0 0 0 190 90 105
Finnish 0 0 5 810 330 480
Hungarian 5 0 5 6,470 3,185 3,285
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 690 415 280
Multiple responses 55 30 25 92,070 44,900 47,175
English and French 20 10 10 10,230 4,950 5,280
English and non-official language 35 20 20 77,520 37,815 39,705
French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,685 1,375 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 1,640 760 880
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 5,165 2,600 2,560 4,026,655 2,020,510 2,006,145
Single responses 5,090 2,570 2,520 3,837,615 1,928,230 1,909,385
Official languages 5,005 2,530 2,470 3,354,885 1,690,490 1,664,395
English 4,930 2,490 2,440 3,327,255 1,676,360 1,650,895
French 70 40 30 27,630 14,130 13,500
Non-official languages 90 40 50 482,725 237,740 244,990
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,970 4,940 5,020
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 7,175 3,575 3,605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 1,110 555 555
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,875 2,925 2,945
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 125 60 60
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 600 300 295
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 190 95 95
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 185 90 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 320 300
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 620 325 300
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 10 5 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 540 280 260
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 55 30 25
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 2,125 1,025 1,095
Dakota 0 0 0 175 85 85
Stoney 0 0 0 1,945 935 1,010
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 90 35 50 472,760 232,800 239,965
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5 43,770 22,535 21,235
Berber languages 0 0 0 200 105 95
Kabyle 0 0 0 90 45 40
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 9,220 4,750 4,470
Bilen 0 0 0 280 160 115
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 1,060 1,015
Somali 0 0 0 6,850 3,520 3,325
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 5 5 5 34,310 17,660 16,655
Amharic 0 0 0 4,915 2,390 2,530
Arabic 5 5 5 24,230 12,555 11,675
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 260 130 130
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 40
Harari 0 0 0 165 80 85
Hebrew 0 0 0 460 235 225
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 3,955 2,095 1,860
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 210 110 100
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 16,355 7,635 8,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 960 460 500
Vietnamese 0 0 0 15,380 7,175 8,205
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 15 5 10 60,860 28,765 32,100
Bikol 0 0 0 70 40 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,110 1,015 1,090
Fijian 0 0 0 45 25 20
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 470 215 255
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,975 935 1,035
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 0 0 0 405 205 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 220 110 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 45 20 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 5 10 55,105 26,005 29,100
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 125 60 60
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 280 120 155
Creole languages 0 0 0 970 495 475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 50 25 25
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 655 345 310
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Dravidian languages 5 0 5 8,460 4,335 4,125
Kannada 0 0 0 210 105 105
Malayalam 0 0 0 4,060 2,070 1,990
Tamil 5 0 0 2,915 1,515 1,395
Telugu 0 0 0 1,245 635 615
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Indo-European languages 45 20 20 230,270 115,280 114,995
Albanian 0 0 0 1,060 570 485
Armenian 0 0 0 215 115 105
Balto-Slavic languages 0 0 0 30,220 14,820 15,400
Baltic languages 0 0 0 410 210 200
Latvian 0 0 0 165 85 80
Lithuanian 0 0 0 250 125 120
Slavic languages 5 0 0 29,815 14,610 15,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 10 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 785 400 385
Bulgarian 0 0 0 825 415 405
Croatian 0 0 0 1,800 905 895
Czech 0 0 0 875 440 430
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 85
Polish 0 0 0 7,705 3,675 4,030
Russian 5 0 5 10,145 4,965 5,175
Serbian 0 0 0 2,100 1,045 1,055
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 315 160 155
Slovak 0 0 0 710 345 365
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 150 70 75
Ukrainian 0 0 0 4,180 2,060 2,110
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 15 5
Welsh 0 0 0 15 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages 10 5 5 40,915 20,280 20,625
Afrikaans 5 5 0 1,705 835 875
Danish 0 0 0 150 75 75
Dutch 0 0 0 1,980 985 1,000
Frisian 0 0 0 60 30 30
German 5 0 0 36,295 18,010 18,290
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 60 20 35
Swedish 0 0 0 145 65 80
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 60 30 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 215 210
Greek 0 0 0 1,015 490 525
Indo-Iranian languages 10 5 5 111,975 56,535 55,445
Indo-Aryan languages 10 5 5 98,610 49,790 48,815
Bengali 0 0 0 4,530 2,300 2,225
Gujarati 5 5 5 8,025 4,085 3,935
Hindi 0 0 0 9,945 5,115 4,825
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 20 25
Konkani 0 0 0 75 40 40
Marathi 0 0 0 845 440 405
Nepali 0 0 0 3,710 1,905 1,805
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 95 50 45
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 51,010 25,720 25,295
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,240 575 665
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,480 750 730
Urdu 0 0 0 17,600 8,795 8,810
Iranian languages 0 0 0 12,720 6,415 6,305
Kurdish 0 0 0 850 440 410
Pashto 0 0 0 1,640 845 795
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 10,230 5,135 5,100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 650 325 325
Italic (Romance) languages 15 10 15 44,830 22,445 22,385
Catalan 0 0 0 35 10 20
Italian 10 5 10 2,840 1,275 1,560
Portuguese 0 0 0 3,905 1,875 2,030
Romanian 0 0 0 4,135 2,115 2,020
Spanish 5 0 5 33,910 17,160 16,755
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Japanese 5 5 5 2,245 945 1,300
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 85 70
Georgian 0 0 0 160 85 70
Korean 5 5 0 12,775 6,205 6,570
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 335 160 175
Mongolian 0 0 0 335 155 175
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 5,600 2,725 2,875
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 845 415 430
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Edo 0 0 0 70 35 35
Ewe 0 0 0 80 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 55 45
Ga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Ganda 0 0 0 95 50 50
Igbo 0 0 0 265 125 145
Lingala 0 0 0 85 35 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 280 135 145
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 350 175 170
Shona 0 0 0 410 190 225
Swahili 0 0 0 1,090 530 565
Wolof 0 0 0 170 95 75
Yoruba 0 0 0 690 340 350
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 485 535
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,525 765 755
Dinka 0 0 0 800 420 380
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 725 350 375
Sign languages 0 5 0 1,095 630 465
American Sign Language 0 0 0 325 170 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 765 455 310
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 0 0 82,380 39,230 43,155
Chinese languages 5 5 0 80,880 38,455 42,420
Cantonese 5 5 0 38,275 17,810 20,460
Hakka 0 0 0 315 135 185
Mandarin 0 0 0 37,125 18,030 19,095
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 5 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,245 540 705
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 340 175 165
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,550 1,760 1,785
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,500 770 730
Burmese 0 0 0 280 145 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 665 340 320
Tibetan 0 0 0 420 220 200
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 75
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,130 505 625
Lao 0 0 0 465 215 245
Thai 0 0 0 655 285 370
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 0 0 0 2,390 1,270 1,120
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 155 90 75
Turkish 0 0 0 1,945 1,030 915
Uyghur 0 0 0 80 45 40
Uzbek 0 0 0 135 70 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 25
Uralic languages 0 0 0 2,130 1,040 1,085
Estonian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 105 50 50
Hungarian 0 0 0 1,995 980 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 140 95
Multiple responses 80 35 45 189,040 92,280 96,760
English and French 15 5 10 6,885 3,410 3,475
English and non-official language 60 30 35 178,070 86,895 91,170
French and non-official language 0 0 0 1,125 540 580
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,965 1,430 1,530
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 5,165 2,605 2,565 4,026,650 2,020,510 2,006,140
None 4,785 2,425 2,360 3,492,295 1,760,240 1,732,055
English 95 45 50 221,305 110,655 110,650
French 115 55 60 41,840 19,470 22,375
Non-official language 155 65 85 262,255 125,640 136,615
Aboriginal 0 0 0 17,430 8,325 9,105
Non-Aboriginal 155 70 85 244,825 117,315 127,510
English and French 0 0 0 1,535 775 760
English and non-official language 5 0 0 4,545 2,345 2,195
French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,795 1,340 1,455
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 85 50 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,190 2,095 2,090 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,100 2,065 2,030 3,053,470 1,528,275 1,525,190
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,579 60,288 29,675 42,717 54,891 33,213
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,105 2,070 2,035 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,337 50,688 27,273 38,067 47,131 30,478
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,890 2,010 1,880 2,839,590 1,458,560 1,381,030
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,013 58,240 26,512 42,330 54,528 32,099
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,475 1,010 1,465 1,785,065 711,210 1,073,855
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,549 4,472 4,555 4,093 3,834 4,185
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,425 1,825 1,595 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,030
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,940 59,328 25,600 42,679 54,361 32,982
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,200 2,125 2,070 3,206,045 1,602,810 1,603,235
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,100 2,095 2,005 3,054,555 1,528,100 1,526,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,563 73,243 41,177 62,778 80,001 45,535
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,110 2,100 2,010 3,055,230 1,528,240 1,526,995
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,428 57,160 35,209 50,683 62,938 38,417
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,855 2,030 1,820 2,840,675 1,458,210 1,382,465
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,130 72,309 40,168 62,997 80,282 44,766
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,510 1,005 1,500 1,784,345 710,105 1,074,240
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,423 6,525 6,354 7,175 7,298 7,093
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,470 1,860 1,610 2,473,665 1,299,805 1,173,855
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,736 67,921 35,164 59,343 74,073 43,031
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,200 2,125 2,070 3,206,050 1,602,810 1,603,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,475 885 590 1,152,385 669,770 482,615
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,116 86,535 43,033 64,090 73,781 53,836
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,213 83,359 52,967 81,586 94,822 63,218
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.4 94.8 86.8 93.3 95.8 89.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 79.0 84.0 69.4 76.5 78.9 72.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.7 5.0 13.1 6.7 4.2 10.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,185 2,095 2,090 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without total income 85 25 55 152,585 74,410 78,170
With total income 4,100 2,070 2,035 3,053,470 1,528,280 1,525,190
Percentage with total income 98.0 98.8 97.4 95.2 95.4 95.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 475 135 335 389,580 146,450 243,130
$10,000 to $19,999 555 185 365 385,235 147,125 238,110
$20,000 to $29,999 535 215 320 364,915 142,810 222,105
$30,000 to $39,999 505 190 315 305,680 131,185 174,490
$40,000 to $49,999 345 180 165 286,615 133,715 152,900
$50,000 to $59,999 265 120 140 247,830 124,720 123,115
$60,000 to $69,999 220 115 105 205,840 114,405 91,430
$70,000 to $79,999 185 110 70 165,640 99,645 65,995
$80,000 to $89,999 165 105 60 132,720 82,700 50,020
$90,000 to $99,999 170 125 50 114,010 70,655 43,350
$100,000 and over 685 585 100 455,410 334,865 120,550
$100,000 to $149,999 505 430 75 274,185 191,710 82,475
$150,000 and over 180 155 25 181,225 143,150 38,075
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,185 2,095 2,090 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,365
Without after-tax income 85 25 55 151,915 74,270 77,645
With after-tax income 4,105 2,070 2,035 3,054,135 1,528,420 1,525,715
Percentage with after-tax income 98.1 98.8 97.4 95.3 95.4 95.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 495 140 350 399,005 149,280 249,725
$10,000 to $19,999 590 205 385 402,780 154,330 248,450
$20,000 to $29,999 645 275 370 420,955 166,650 254,300
$30,000 to $39,999 555 225 335 377,590 169,665 207,925
$40,000 to $49,999 355 180 175 347,960 172,595 175,365
$50,000 to $59,999 310 170 140 276,970 153,985 122,985
$60,000 to $69,999 240 135 105 208,265 127,045 81,220
$70,000 to $79,999 245 180 70 160,580 100,970 59,610
$80,000 and over 670 565 105 460,030 333,895 126,140
$80,000 to $89,999 205 170 35 121,015 78,400 42,620
$90,000 to $99,999 180 155 25 82,020 57,375 24,645
$100,000 and over 285 240 45 257,000 198,120 58,875
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,190 2,100 2,090 3,206,050 1,602,690 1,603,360
Without employment income 765 270 490 732,385 301,060 431,330
With employment income 3,425 1,825 1,600 2,473,665 1,301,630 1,172,035
Percentage with employment income 81.7 86.9 76.6 77.2 81.2 73.1
Under $5,000 (including loss) 460 195 265 273,835 122,830 151,005
$5,000 to $9,999 255 95 160 164,095 68,100 95,990
$10,000 to $19,999 395 150 245 274,105 113,680 160,430
$20,000 to $29,999 370 145 230 235,620 96,855 138,760
$30,000 to $39,999 370 145 230 227,450 100,650 126,805
$40,000 to $49,999 220 110 110 219,155 103,680 115,475
$50,000 to $59,999 175 75 100 195,145 99,285 95,860
$60,000 to $69,999 145 80 65 163,465 92,950 70,515
$70,000 to $79,999 145 90 55 135,150 83,240 51,910
$80,000 and over 885 745 150 585,640 420,365 165,280
$80,000 to $89,999 125 85 40 111,045 71,210 39,835
$90,000 to $99,999 155 110 40 99,785 62,305 37,480
$100,000 and over 610 540 70 374,815 286,855 87,960
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 90,112  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 366,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,161,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,794  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,361  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 365,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,456  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,162,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 124,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 712,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 184,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,527,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 565,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 240,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,112  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,997  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,691  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,588  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 407,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,949  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 511,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,544  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,951  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,101,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,049  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,343  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 408,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 512,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 169,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,481  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,406  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,589  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 925 485 440 577,475 308,835 268,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,621 40,640 27,712 42,598 47,903 37,344
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,208 35,648 25,536 37,648 41,340 33,785
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 855 450 405 573,385 306,195 267,190
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,738 54,244 36,231 56,856 63,468 49,280
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,292 44,143 31,751 46,559 50,990 41,481
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 5,150 2,595 2,560 3,978,150 1,998,500 1,979,650
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,960 925 1,035 1,527,695 739,210 788,485
In the bottom decile 425 185 240 293,490 143,880 149,605
In the second decile 390 180 210 278,635 128,055 150,575
In the third decile 355 160 195 297,695 142,090 155,605
In the fourth decile 380 195 185 315,570 154,815 160,760
In the fifth decile 405 205 200 342,305 170,375 171,935
In the top half of the distribution 3,195 1,670 1,525 2,450,450 1,259,285 1,191,160
In the sixth decile 540 275 265 366,250 183,860 182,390
In the seventh decile 520 260 265 397,275 201,465 195,810
In the eighth decile 625 325 300 443,585 227,385 216,200
In the ninth decile 720 395 320 522,545 268,995 253,555
In the top decile 790 415 375 720,795 377,585 343,215
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 5,155 2,595 2,560 3,925,220 1,971,735 1,953,485
0 to 17 years 1,075 555 525 893,255 458,330 434,925
0 to 5 years 440 230 210 310,080 158,825 151,260
18 to 64 years 3,415 1,730 1,680 2,580,730 1,298,440 1,282,295
65 years and over 660 310 350 451,235 214,965 236,265
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 540 235 305 363,890 171,945 191,940
0 to 17 years 130 60 75 114,215 58,665 55,555
0 to 5 years 50 20 30 41,755 21,350 20,400
18 to 64 years 330 155 170 210,870 98,415 112,455
65 years and over 85 25 60 38,800 14,875 23,925
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.5 9.1 11.9 9.3 8.7 9.8
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 10.8 14.3 12.8 12.8 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 8.7 14.3 13.5 13.4 13.5
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.0 10.1 8.2 7.6 8.8
65 years and over (%) 12.9 8.1 17.1 8.6 6.9 10.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 270 130 145 273,515 134,180 139,335
0 to 17 years 55 30 30 76,930 39,385 37,550
0 to 5 years 20 10 10 28,190 14,420 13,770
18 to 64 years 205 95 110 181,805 88,715 93,095
65 years and over 10 5 5 14,780 6,085 8,695
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.2 5.0 5.7 7.0 6.8 7.1
0 to 17 years (%) 5.1 5.4 5.7 8.6 8.6 8.6
0 to 5 years (%) 4.5 4.3 4.8 9.1 9.1 9.1
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0 5.5 6.5 7.0 6.8 7.3
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.6 1.4 3.3 2.8 3.7
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 5,155 2,630 2,530 3,978,145 1,998,500 1,979,645
Official languages 5,155 2,625 2,525 3,920,530 1,974,435 1,946,095
English 5,155 2,625 2,525 3,916,805 1,972,800 1,944,005
French 575 285 290 264,600 123,940 140,660
Non-official languages 505 250 260 1,082,425 527,770 554,655
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 36,465 17,415 19,045
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 29,675 14,120 15,555
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5,575 2,665 2,905
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 23,465 11,155 12,310
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 25 0 15
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 90 20 70
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,580 620 965
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Woods Cree 0 0 0 1,135 525 610
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20,665 9,990 10,675
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 955 425 530
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 925 415 505
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,640 1,255 1,385
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,630 1,250 1,380
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 85 50 35
Carrier 0 0 0 45 10 35
Chilcotin 0 0 0 20 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 75 30 45
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 150 65 85
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 285 140 145
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 25 15 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 190 90 100
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 45
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 135 50 80
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Inuktitut 0 0 0 60 20 35
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 40 25 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 35 25 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 145 75 70
Salish languages 0 0 0 50 25 25
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 10 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 4,050 2,005 2,045
Dakota 0 0 0 530 285 245
Stoney 0 0 0 3,650 1,790 1,855
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 15 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 510 245 260 1,046,245 510,495 535,750
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 96,210 50,675 45,535
Berber languages 0 0 0 540 335 205
Kabyle 0 0 0 225 125 90
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 315 210 110
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 15,445 8,055 7,385
Bilen 0 0 0 370 235 135
Oromo 0 0 0 3,125 1,625 1,500
Somali 0 0 0 12,030 6,240 5,795
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 40
Semitic languages 0 0 0 82,200 43,405 38,800
Amharic 0 0 0 10,870 5,595 5,275
Arabic 0 0 0 62,730 33,365 29,370
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 430 225 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 70 75
Harari 0 0 0 340 150 185
Hebrew 0 0 0 3,250 1,650 1,600
Maltese 0 0 0 145 85 55
Tigrigna 0 0 0 7,315 3,915 3,400
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 250 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 375 225 145
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 32,730 15,440 17,290
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 2,700 1,375 1,330
Vietnamese 0 0 0 30,150 14,130 16,015
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Austronesian languages 50 25 25 145,745 63,615 82,130
Bikol 0 0 0 330 150 180
Cebuano 0 0 0 6,690 2,940 3,750
Fijian 0 0 0 340 195 145
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,760 745 1,020
Ilocano 0 0 0 7,370 3,160 4,215
Malagasy 0 0 0 80 40 40
Malay 0 0 0 3,040 1,435 1,610
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,185 565 625
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 190 250
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 20 20 138,440 60,115 78,325
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 420 170 245
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,160 505 650
Creole languages 0 0 0 4,585 2,390 2,195
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 255 140 115
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,675 1,425 1,250
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,680 840 850
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 18,190 9,660 8,525
Kannada 0 0 0 1,035 520 515
Malayalam 0 0 0 8,150 4,255 3,900
Tamil 0 0 0 7,195 3,900 3,295
Telugu 0 0 0 2,910 1,560 1,345
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 115 55 55
Indo-European languages 430 210 220 550,490 274,510 275,980
Albanian 0 0 0 2,880 1,550 1,325
Armenian 0 0 0 530 255 275
Balto-Slavic languages 30 0 20 93,150 44,750 48,395
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,360 660 705
Latvian 0 0 0 590 300 290
Lithuanian 0 0 0 775 360 415
Slavic languages 30 10 25 92,300 44,340 47,960
Belarusan 0 0 0 200 95 105
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,880 1,450 1,435
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,795 945 850
Croatian 0 0 0 6,280 3,260 3,025
Czech 10 0 0 3,590 1,650 1,940
Macedonian 0 0 0 535 270 265
Polish 0 0 0 23,650 11,455 12,195
Russian 10 0 10 27,375 13,195 14,175
Serbian 0 0 0 5,355 2,630 2,730
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,095 550 540
Slovak 10 0 10 2,780 1,495 1,285
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 735 360 375
Ukrainian 0 0 0 26,600 11,980 14,620
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 130
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,180 615 560
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 440 215 225
Welsh 0 0 0 315 180 130
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 450 220 225
Germanic languages 155 85 65 112,670 56,325 56,345
Afrikaans 20 10 10 5,165 2,655 2,515
Danish 10 0 10 2,800 1,360 1,440
Dutch 20 10 10 19,480 9,595 9,890
Frisian 0 0 0 475 275 205
German 90 55 40 83,010 41,905 41,105
Icelandic 0 0 0 160 70 95
Norwegian 0 0 0 1,450 635 810
Swedish 20 10 10 1,635 800 835
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 380 170 215
Yiddish 0 0 0 250 130 115
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,115 1,095 1,015
Greek 0 10 0 4,935 2,535 2,400
Indo-Iranian languages 15 10 10 206,725 106,045 100,675
Indo-Aryan languages 15 10 10 186,005 95,045 90,960
Bengali 0 0 0 8,530 4,385 4,140
Gujarati 0 0 0 18,005 8,945 9,055
Hindi 20 10 10 61,290 31,900 29,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 125 80 45
Konkani 0 0 0 625 300 320
Marathi 0 0 0 2,575 1,385 1,195
Nepali 0 0 0 5,510 3,000 2,510
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 255 135 120
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 10 90,485 46,350 44,135
Sindhi 0 0 0 4,595 2,065 2,530
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 3,800 1,925 1,875
Urdu 0 0 0 41,235 21,245 20,000
Iranian languages 0 0 0 22,140 11,665 10,475
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,930 1,100 825
Pashto 0 0 0 3,330 1,795 1,530
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 17,600 9,220 8,375
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,760 960 805
Italic (Romance) languages 260 125 135 142,340 69,885 72,450
Catalan 0 0 0 170 95 80
Italian 70 40 30 19,900 9,875 10,020
Portuguese 20 15 10 12,670 6,255 6,415
Romanian 0 0 0 9,915 5,185 4,735
Spanish 170 70 100 104,445 50,960 53,490
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 125
Japanese 10 10 0 9,215 4,115 5,100
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 225 130 100
Georgian 0 0 0 230 130 100
Korean 10 0 10 19,950 9,405 10,545
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 800 375 430
Mongolian 0 0 0 800 370 430
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 29,430 14,980 14,450
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 2,925 1,505 1,420
Bamanankan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Edo 0 0 0 620 325 290
Ewe 0 0 0 335 170 165
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Ga 0 0 0 345 190 155
Ganda 0 0 0 610 305 305
Igbo 0 0 0 2,550 1,345 1,210
Lingala 0 0 0 1,240 640 605
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 830 420 410
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,155 605 550
Shona 0 0 0 1,810 850 960
Swahili 0 0 0 6,700 3,470 3,235
Wolof 0 0 0 600 365 235
Yoruba 0 0 0 5,930 3,035 2,890
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 6,585 3,265 3,320
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 3,070 1,495 1,575
Dinka 0 0 0 1,655 825 825
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,425 675 750
Sign languages 0 0 0 5,910 2,350 3,555
American Sign Language 0 0 0 3,085 1,130 1,955
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,855 1,230 1,625
Sino-Tibetan languages 0 0 0 141,860 67,945 73,915
Chinese languages 0 0 0 139,385 66,700 72,685
Cantonese 0 0 0 74,770 35,490 39,280
Hakka 0 0 0 1,180 515 660
Mandarin 0 0 0 70,510 33,310 37,195
Min Dong 0 0 0 85 50 40
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,140 1,765 2,380
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 855 380 470
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 6,335 3,160 3,175
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,590 1,290 1,300
Burmese 0 0 0 605 305 295
Karenic languages 0 0 0 805 415 390
Tibetan 0 0 0 860 430 430
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 215 235
Tai-Kadai languages 0 10 10 3,705 1,510 2,195
Lao 0 0 0 1,520 730 795
Thai 0 10 0 2,400 850 1,545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 25
Turkic languages 0 0 0 5,795 3,180 2,625
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 630 325 300
Turkish 0 0 0 4,255 2,420 1,835
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 135 155
Uzbek 0 0 0 425 200 225
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 170 180
Uralic languages 10 10 10 8,895 4,315 4,575
Estonian 10 10 0 185 85 105
Finnish 0 0 0 1,045 455 590
Hungarian 10 0 10 7,660 3,770 3,890
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,820 1,025 790
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 5,155 2,625 2,525 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,645
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 4,720 2,400 2,320 3,622,740 1,825,135 1,797,600
Canadian citizens aged under 18 985 525 460 854,815 439,065 415,755
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,735 1,875 1,860 2,767,920 1,386,070 1,381,850
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 435 225 205 355,410 173,365 182,045
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 5,155 2,630 2,525 3,978,145 1,998,495 1,979,650
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 4,375 2,245 2,130 3,062,775 1,550,445 1,512,335
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 645 320 325 845,220 412,320 432,895
Before 1981 195 95 105 163,460 81,620 81,840
1981 to 1990 15 0 10 86,350 41,690 44,660
1991 to 2000 50 25 30 131,560 62,930 68,630
2001 to 2010 145 65 80 256,055 125,235 130,820
2001 to 2005 15 0 10 109,145 53,425 55,720
2006 to 2010 130 60 70 146,910 71,810 75,100
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 235 135 105 207,790 100,845 106,945
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 130 60 70 70,155 35,735 34,420
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 650 320 325 845,220 412,320 432,895
Under 5 years 65 30 35 82,175 42,200 39,975
5 to 14 years 145 95 55 149,815 77,820 71,995
15 to 24 years 100 50 50 168,965 78,215 90,755
25 to 44 years 315 135 175 372,805 180,265 192,535
45 years and over 25 15 10 71,450 33,820 37,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 650 320 325 845,215 412,325 432,895
Americas 110 30 80 103,540 49,345 54,190
Brazil 0 0 10 2,545 1,100 1,440
Colombia 0 0 0 9,535 4,570 4,960
El Salvador 0 0 0 7,255 3,725 3,530
Guyana 0 0 0 2,555 1,200 1,355
Haiti 0 0 0 1,270 675 600
Jamaica 0 0 0 6,845 3,170 3,680
Mexico 10 10 0 15,665 7,860 7,805
Peru 10 0 10 1,920 780 1,140
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 3,415 1,670 1,750
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 60 25 35 30,460 13,675 16,785
Other places of birth in Americas 20 0 25 22,075 10,925 11,150
Europe 380 205 175 189,770 95,355 94,415
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,555 2,325 2,230
Croatia 0 0 0 3,080 1,615 1,465
France 15 10 10 2,535 1,215 1,320
Germany 30 20 15 19,205 9,485 9,715
Greece 0 0 0 2,005 1,115 890
Hungary 0 0 0 3,665 1,880 1,785
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 15 0 3,935 2,100 1,835
Italy 45 25 20 8,110 4,370 3,745
Netherlands 15 10 0 14,035 7,420 6,610
Poland 0 0 0 16,925 8,045 8,880
Portugal 10 0 0 4,050 1,985 2,070
Romania 0 0 10 7,725 3,930 3,795
Russian Federation 10 0 0 7,260 3,135 4,125
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 2,255 1,080 1,170
Ukraine 0 0 0 8,150 3,700 4,455
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 220 120 100 59,215 30,280 28,935
Other places of birth in Europe 25 0 20 23,060 11,670 11,390
Africa 20 10 10 89,740 46,705 43,030
Algeria 0 0 0 1,340 715 625
Egypt 0 0 0 5,320 2,940 2,375
Ethiopia 0 0 0 10,570 5,355 5,215
Kenya 0 0 0 5,120 2,555 2,565
Morocco 0 0 0 1,695 1,005 695
Nigeria 0 0 0 12,405 6,520 5,880
Somalia 0 0 0 7,060 3,665 3,395
South Africa, Republic of 20 15 10 7,355 3,670 3,685
Other places of birth in Africa 0 0 0 38,865 20,275 18,590
Asia 60 35 25 452,225 215,955 236,265
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,190 2,765 2,430
Bangladesh 0 0 0 5,085 2,590 2,500
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 0 0 0 57,690 26,510 31,185
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 19,110 9,265 9,850
India 15 10 0 91,660