Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oliver, Town [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oliver, T
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Oliver, Town [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Oliver, Town [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 4,928  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 4,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 896.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 5.50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 4,930 2,315 2,610 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 610 310 295 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 200 105 90 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 220 105 115 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 195 105 95 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 2,530 1,170 1,360 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 195 105 90 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 150 80 65 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 185 85 95 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 235 115 120 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 210 85 120 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 190 100 95 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 220 105 115 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 305 125 180 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 380 155 230 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 465 210 250 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 1,790 835 950 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 525 250 270 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 370 170 200 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 370 190 180 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 245 120 125 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 275 105 165 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 160 65 95 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 95 35 60 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 20 5 10 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 0 0 5 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.4 13.4 11.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 51.3 50.5 52.1 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 36.3 36.1 36.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 5.6 4.5 6.3 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 51.4 50.3 52.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 57.3 56.6 57.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 1,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 4,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 4,320 2,005 2,310 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 2,655 1,325 1,335 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 2,290 1,140 1,145 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 365 180 185 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 1,655 680 980 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 710 390 325 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 150 65 85 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 325 125 205 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 470 105 365 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 1,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 910 365 540 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 4,795 2,265 2,535 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 4,470 2,110 2,360 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 0 5 0 1,810 820 985
English and French 210 95 115 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 110 45 65 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 4,795 2,260 2,535 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 4,605 2,175 2,425 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 75 35 40 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 10 5 5 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 110 45 60 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 80 35 45 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.5 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 4,795 2,260 2,535 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 4,760 2,245 2,510 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 3,905 1,850 2,055 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 3,820 1,810 2,005 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 85 40 50 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 860 395 460 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 855 395 465 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 10 5 5 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 5 5 5 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 0 0 0 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 20 10 15 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 0 0 0 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 15 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 0 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 5 0 5 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 0 0 0 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 5 5 0 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 760 350 410 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 65 25 35 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 65 25 35 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 10 5 5 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 5 0 0 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 5 5 0 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 15 0 10 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 5 0 0 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 0 0 5 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 20 5 15 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 0 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 150 75 75 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 5 5 5 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 30 10 15 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 100 45 50 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 0 0 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 0 5 0 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 335 155 180 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 335 150 180 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 0 0 0 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 10 5 0 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 325 145 175 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 0 0 0 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 0 0 0 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 215 95 120 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 25 10 15 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 135 65 75 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 5 5 5 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 45 20 30 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 5 0 0 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 10 5 5 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 0 0 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 0 0 0 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 0 0 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 5 5 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 15 5 10 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 5 5 5 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5 0 0 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 5 0 0 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 0 0 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 25 15 10 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 0 0 0 705 295 410
Finnish 5 0 5 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 20 15 10 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 35 15 20 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 10 5 5 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 25 10 15 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 0 5 0 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 4,795 2,260 2,535 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 4,650 2,195 2,455 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 4,230 2,000 2,225 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 4,210 1,990 2,220 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 15 10 10 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 420 195 230 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 425 195 230 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 5 5 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 5 5 5 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 5 0 0 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 0 0 0 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 10 5 5 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 0 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 385 170 210 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5 0 5 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5 5 5 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 0 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 5 0 0 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 0 0 0 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 5 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 0 0 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 10 5 10 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 0 0 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 5 5 5 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 290 130 160 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 290 135 155 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 0 0 0 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 290 135 155 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 0 0 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 0 0 0 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 75 35 45 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 5 0 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 45 20 25 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 0 0 0 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 25 15 15 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 0 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 5 5 5 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 0 0 0 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 0 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 5 5 5 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 10 5 5 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 0 0 5 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 5 5 0 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 5 5 5 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 0 5 5 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 145 65 80 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 5 5 0 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 140 60 75 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 4,795 2,260 2,535 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 4,450 2,100 2,350 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 135 60 75 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 30 15 15 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 175 80 95 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 0 0 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 175 80 95 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 0 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 0 0 0 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 5 0 0 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,075 1,895 2,180 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,000 1,865 2,135 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,618 33,549 25,621 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,010 1,870 2,135 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,350 29,899 23,840 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,585 1,690 1,895 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 21,781 29,120 18,133 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,275 1,425 1,845 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 11,225 12,133 10,470 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 2,475 1,190 1,285 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 22,400 28,384 19,339 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 4,080 1,895 2,180 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,030 1,875 2,155 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,971 40,714 29,983 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,030 1,875 2,155 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,634 34,899 26,929 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,595 1,695 1,900 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,764 35,725 24,443 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,270 1,420 1,855 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,340 11,011 9,825 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 2,480 1,170 1,310 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,919 36,501 24,059 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 4,080 1,895 2,180 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 795 450 345 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,119 49,157 42,730 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 51,756 56,246 45,909 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 76.5 80.4 71.6 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 52.9 57.0 47.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 23.5 19.4 28.4 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 4,075 1,900 2,180 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 75 30 40 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 4,005 1,865 2,135 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 98.3 98.2 97.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 470 195 275 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 855 340 515 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 775 300 475 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 615 255 360 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 425 220 210 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 295 170 125 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 195 135 60 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 110 75 35 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 70 45 25 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 55 35 25 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 135 105 35 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 95 75 25 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 40 35 5 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,080 1,895 2,180 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 70 30 40 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 4,010 1,870 2,140 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 98.3 98.7 98.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 500 205 295 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 910 375 535 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 920 355 565 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 640 290 350 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 425 225 200 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 245 165 75 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 145 90 50 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 85 55 35 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 135 100 35 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 45 30 15 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 25 15 5 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 70 50 20 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 4,075 1,895 2,180 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 1,600 705 890 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 2,475 1,190 1,290 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 60.7 62.8 59.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 590 265 330 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 215 95 120 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 365 150 210 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 300 100 200 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 280 115 170 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 240 125 120 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 140 85 55 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 105 80 25 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 75 50 25 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 170 130 40 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 45 30 10 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 40 25 15 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 85 70 15 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 54,656  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 49,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,408  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,659  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 61,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,226  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,457  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,334  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 60,621  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 79,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,551  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,961  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,871  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,924  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,681  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 805 320 485 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,432 29,248 25,664 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,870 27,072 24,032 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 860 335 530 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,709 33,762 32,053 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,148 29,947 28,649 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 4,685 2,210 2,475 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 3,020 1,365 1,650 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 450 210 245 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 645 275 375 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 650 280 365 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 670 315 355 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 600 290 315 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 1,665 840 825 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 510 250 260 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 360 190 170 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 325 160 165 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 270 140 130 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 200 100 100 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 4,685 2,205 2,475 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 730 380 355 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 245 130 115 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 2,355 1,070 1,285 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 1,600 760 845 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 770 330 440 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 145 80 65 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 45 25 25 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 350 145 205 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 275 105 170 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 16.4 15.0 17.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.9 21.1 18.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 18.4 19.2 21.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.9 13.6 16.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 17.2 13.8 20.1 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 290 125 160 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 60 35 30 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 15 10 5 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 190 80 110 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 35 15 25 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 5.7 6.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.2 9.2 8.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 7.7 4.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.5 8.6 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 2.0 3.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 4,685 2,205 2,485 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 4,590 2,155 2,435 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 4,585 2,150 2,435 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 215 95 115 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 985 435 545 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 980 440 540 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 0 0 0 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 0 0 0 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 0 0 0 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 15 0 10 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 0 0 0 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 0 0 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 10 10 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 0 0 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 0 0 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 885 385 490 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 65 35 30 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 60 35 30 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 10 0 0 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 0 0 0 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 15 0 0 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 30 15 10 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 10 0 0 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 0 0 0 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 25 20 10 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 145 50 90 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 0 0 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 10 10 0 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 25 0 25 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 115 40 70 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 0 0 0 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 0 0 0 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 390 175 215 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 390 175 220 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 0 0 0 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 60 30 30 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 385 170 220 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 0 0 0 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 0 0 0 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 300 140 155 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 35 15 20 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 150 70 85 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 0 0 0 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 115 60 60 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 0 0 0 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 15 0 15 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 0 0 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 10 0 0 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 0 0 0 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 20 20 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 45 20 25 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 35 20 20 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 35 20 20 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 10 10 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 0 0 0 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 0 0 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 20 20 0 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 0 10 0 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 15 15 0 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 4,685 2,200 2,480 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 4,465 2,085 2,380 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 720 365 355 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 3,750 1,720 2,030 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 220 115 100 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 4,685 2,200 2,485 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,835 1,785 2,050 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 840 410 430 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 380 210 165 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 50 25 25 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 75 30 50 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 270 110 165 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 160 65 95 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 110 40 65 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 65 35 30 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10 0 0 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 840 410 430 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 100 45 55 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 125 75 55 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 220 95 120 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 280 145 140 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 110 50 60 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 840 410 435 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 95 25 75 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 0 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 0 0 0 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 15 10 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 0 0 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 0 0 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 25 10 20 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 45 15 25 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 360 220 140 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 0 0 0 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 0 0 0 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 35 20 15 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 0 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 20 20 0 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 25 15 10 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 25 10 10 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 15 15 10 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 95 45 50 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 0 0 0 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 0 0 0 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 10 10 10 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 100 65 35 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 25 25 0 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 15 10 0 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 0 0 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 10 0 0 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 365 155 205 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 25 10 20 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 290 130 160 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCens