Census Profile, 2016 Census
Abbotsford, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Fraser Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Abbotsford, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Fraser Valley, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Abbotsford, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Abbotsford, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Fraser Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 141,397  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 295,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 133,497  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 51,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,393  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 376.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 375.55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,335.28  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 141,395 69,640 71,760 295,935 146,640 149,295
0 to 14 years 25,995 13,400 12,590 53,540 27,735 25,810
0 to 4 years 8,480 4,330 4,145 17,130 8,830 8,305
5 to 9 years 8,950 4,625 4,325 18,490 9,585 8,905
10 to 14 years 8,565 4,445 4,120 17,920 9,315 8,605
15 to 64 years 91,555 45,415 46,140 189,095 94,145 94,950
15 to 19 years 8,930 4,610 4,325 17,990 9,195 8,795
20 to 24 years 9,330 4,780 4,545 17,730 9,170 8,560
25 to 29 years 9,335 4,685 4,650 17,485 8,845 8,640
30 to 34 years 9,775 4,830 4,950 18,970 9,435 9,535
35 to 39 years 9,065 4,450 4,610 17,940 8,860 9,080
40 to 44 years 8,760 4,255 4,505 18,040 8,895 9,145
45 to 49 years 9,135 4,480 4,650 19,280 9,530 9,745
50 to 54 years 9,365 4,725 4,640 21,275 10,610 10,670
55 to 59 years 9,375 4,555 4,825 21,280 10,395 10,890
60 to 64 years 8,485 4,045 4,440 19,100 9,205 9,895
65 years and over 23,845 10,820 13,030 53,300 24,760 28,540
65 to 69 years 7,630 3,535 4,100 17,340 8,305 9,035
70 to 74 years 5,575 2,700 2,875 12,800 6,250 6,550
75 to 79 years 4,150 1,915 2,240 9,335 4,365 4,970
80 to 84 years 3,075 1,420 1,655 6,770 3,190 3,580
85 years and over 3,425 1,255 2,170 7,050 2,645 4,405
85 to 89 years 2,085 820 1,260 4,385 1,795 2,590
90 to 94 years 1,020 345 675 2,045 685 1,360
95 to 99 years 285 85 200 535 150 385
100 years and over 40 5 30 85 15 65
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 19.2 17.5 18.1 18.9 17.3
15 to 64 years 64.8 65.2 64.3 63.9 64.2 63.6
65 years and over 16.9 15.5 18.2 18.0 16.9 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.8 3.0 2.4 1.8 3.0
Average age of the population 39.9 38.9 40.9 40.9 40.0 41.8
Median age of the population 39.0 37.8 40.2 41.2 40.0 42.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 19,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 4,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 12,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 138,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 288,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 115,405 56,235 59,170 242,395 118,905 123,490
Married or living common law 70,055 35,150 34,905 145,645 73,145 72,505
Married 63,180 31,730 31,445 126,115 63,435 62,680
Living common law 6,875 3,420 3,460 19,530 9,710 9,820
Not married and not living common law 45,350 21,085 24,265 96,750 45,760 50,985
Never married 28,865 15,695 13,170 59,240 32,755 26,485
Separated 3,105 1,335 1,770 7,315 3,300 4,020
Divorced 6,745 2,645 4,095 15,720 6,440 9,285
Widowed 6,640 1,410 5,230 14,470 3,270 11,205
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 39,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 18,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 39,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 33,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 30,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 33,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 15,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 18,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 7,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 20,800 9,605 11,190 45,605 21,725 23,875
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 32,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 13,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 139,255 68,440 70,815 291,110 143,595 147,515
English only 125,175 62,275 62,895 268,855 133,880 134,975
French only 30 15 20 65 30 35
English and French 6,155 2,715 3,445 13,175 5,735 7,440
Neither English nor French 7,890 3,440 4,450 9,015 3,945 5,065
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 139,255 68,440 70,810 291,110 143,595 147,515
English 130,045 64,355 65,695 279,050 138,090 140,960
French 935 470 470 2,495 1,300 1,200
English and French 465 220 245 670 315 350
Neither English nor French 7,805 3,400 4,410 8,885 3,890 5,000
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,170 580 590 2,830 1,460 1,375
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.8 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 139,255 68,440 70,815 291,110 143,595 147,515
Single responses 135,815 66,760 69,055 286,090 141,195 144,895
Official languages 90,585 44,715 45,870 224,050 111,130 112,920
English 89,550 44,200 45,355 221,235 109,680 111,550
French 1,030 515 510 2,815 1,450 1,370
Non-official languages 45,235 22,045 23,190 62,040 30,065 31,980
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 210 95 120
Algonquian languages 15 10 15 55 15 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 5 30 15 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 15 0 15
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 15 0 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 120 60 65
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 5
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 15 20
Lillooet 0 0 0 60 30 30
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 45,205 22,030 23,175 61,830 29,970 31,860
Afro-Asiatic languages 395 220 180 600 335 265
Berber languages 0 5 0 0 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 10 5 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 5 0 5
Somali 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Semitic languages 390 210 175 585 320 260
Amharic 5 5 0 15 10 10
Arabic 340 185 150 490 270 220
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 10 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 15 10 35 15 20
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 5 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 5 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 885 395 490 1,230 575 655
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 10 20 45 20 20
Vietnamese 850 380 475 1,190 555 635
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,070 430 645 1,740 665 1,080
Bikol 10 5 5 10 5 5
Cebuano 55 20 35 95 30 60
Fijian 15 10 5 20 15 10
Hiligaynon 15 5 5 20 5 10
Ilocano 55 30 30 90 40 50
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 40 15 30 60 20 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 875 345 525 1,415 535 885
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 10 10
Creole languages 50 30 20 75 40 35
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 25 15 50 30 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 15 10 10
Dravidian languages 135 70 65 180 95 90
Kannada 0 0 0 10 5 0
Malayalam 70 35 35 90 45 50
Tamil 25 10 10 40 20 20
Telugu 40 25 15 45 20 25
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Indo-European languages 38,820 19,060 19,765 51,725 25,300 26,425
Albanian 70 35 35 135 65 60
Armenian 25 15 10 40 20 15
Balto-Slavic languages 1,295 610 685 2,770 1,275 1,495
Baltic languages 15 5 5 35 15 15
Latvian 5 5 5 20 10 10
Lithuanian 5 5 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 1,280 600 680 2,735 1,265 1,475
Belarusan 5 0 0 5 0 0
Bosnian 45 20 25 65 35 35
Bulgarian 25 15 15 40 15 25
Croatian 55 35 25 140 70 70
Czech 85 45 45 240 115 130
Macedonian 0 5 0 5 5 0
Polish 300 135 170 710 330 380
Russian 415 185 230 745 315 430
Serbian 40 25 15 85 50 30
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 15 10 10
Slovak 45 20 25 135 65 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 5 40 20 20
Ukrainian 230 115 115 505 235 270
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Celtic languages 5 5 5 20 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 5 5 0
Welsh 5 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 6,275 2,880 3,400 12,500 5,830 6,670
Afrikaans 115 60 65 250 115 135
Danish 130 65 65 320 155 165
Dutch 1,285 610 675 3,415 1,650 1,765
Frisian 35 15 15 70 40 35
German 4,590 2,070 2,515 8,155 3,745 4,410
Icelandic 10 5 5 15 5 15
Norwegian 45 15 25 120 55 65
Swedish 50 20 25 120 50 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 5 15
Yiddish 5 5 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 0
Greek 60 35 30 150 90 60
Indo-Iranian languages 29,305 14,580 14,725 32,635 16,250 16,385
Indo-Aryan languages 29,010 14,415 14,590 32,155 15,990 16,165
Bengali 15 10 10 30 20 10
Gujarati 75 40 35 115 60 50
Hindi 590 270 315 775 360 420
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 5 5 5 5 5 0
Marathi 10 5 5 10 5 0
Nepali 15 5 5 25 15 10
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 28,050 13,950 14,105 30,845 15,345 15,500
Sindhi 5 5 5 10 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 10 55 25 25
Urdu 210 105 105 285 145 135
Iranian languages 275 150 125 455 250 205
Kurdish 55 35 20 65 35 25
Pashto 5 5 0 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 215 115 100 380 210 170
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 1,780 905 875 3,480 1,750 1,735
Catalan 5 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 185 95 85 430 240 190
Portuguese 185 90 90 385 180 205
Romanian 235 125 115 580 305 280
Spanish 1,175 590 585 2,080 1,025 1,055
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Japanese 205 80 125 395 145 245
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 0 5 0
Georgian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Korean 1,135 525 610 1,725 815 910
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 5 5 5 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 105 55 55 175 90 85
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 15 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 5 5 0 5
Ganda 5 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 0 0 0 5 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Shona 0 0 5 10 5 5
Swahili 35 20 15 55 30 30
Wolof 5 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 10 30 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 50 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 35 20 20
Dinka 10 10 5 15 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 20 10 15
Sign languages 45 25 20 80 45 35
American Sign Language 15 10 5 25 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 15 55 25 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,635 795 845 2,610 1,240 1,370
Chinese languages 1,630 790 840 2,585 1,220 1,365
Cantonese 520 275 245 770 390 380
Hakka 25 10 10 30 15 15
Mandarin 950 435 520 1,515 685 825
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 35 100 45 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 30 15 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 70 40 35 145 65 80
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 25 15 10
Burmese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Karenic languages 0 0 5 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 245 120 125 305 130 170
Lao 205 100 105 225 115 115
Thai 40 15 25 80 25 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 30 20 70 40 30
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 0 0 0
Turkish 50 30 15 60 40 20
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 5
Uralic languages 360 175 190 855 420 430
Estonian 15 5 10 30 10 20
Finnish 95 40 55 250 110 140
Hungarian 255 130 120 575 300 275
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 20 10 15
Multiple responses 3,440 1,680 1,760 5,020 2,405 2,615
English and French 200 90 115 500 210 295
English and non-official language 3,135 1,545 1,595 4,360 2,115 2,240
French and non-official language 55 25 35 75 35 40
English, French and non-official language 45 25 20 80 45 40
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 139,250 68,440 70,815 291,110 143,595 147,510
Single responses 130,655 64,125 66,530 279,575 137,930 141,645
Official languages 102,830 50,435 52,395 245,850 121,345 124,505
English 102,645 50,350 52,300 245,345 121,110 124,230
French 180 90 95 510 240 275
Non-official languages 27,825 13,690 14,135 33,730 16,590 17,140
Aboriginal languages 10 10 5 30 10 15
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 5 0 20 10 15
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 5 0 5 5 0 5
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,810 13,680 14,135 33,700 16,575 17,125
Afro-Asiatic languages 230 115 120 320 160 160
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages 225 110 115 320 160 160
Amharic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Arabic 205 100 105 285 145 145
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 0 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 5 10 5 5
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 5 5 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 595 260 340 840 380 460
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 5 10 5 5
Vietnamese 590 260 330 830 375 455
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 370 170 195 580 275 300
Bikol 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 15 5 5 25 10 10
Fijian 5 5 5 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 10 10 5 5
Ilocano 20 5 10 20 10 10
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 0 5 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 310 150 160 505 240 260
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Creole languages 10 5 10 15 10 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 65 35 35 95 40 55
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 35 15 20 55 20 35
Tamil 15 5 5 20 10 15
Telugu 20 10 5 25 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 24,195 11,960 12,235 28,210 13,930 14,275
Albanian 20 15 10 35 20 15
Armenian 10 10 5 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 475 225 250 860 415 445
Baltic languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Latvian 5 0 0 5 0 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 470 225 245 855 415 440
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 5 10 20 10 15
Bulgarian 5 0 5 10 5 5
Croatian 10 5 5 20 10 10
Czech 15 10 5 55 30 30
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 100 50 55 225 115 110
Russian 245 110 135 375 170 205
Serbian 10 5 5 30 15 15
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 5 5 0 0
Slovak 10 5 5 40 20 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ukrainian 50 25 20 75 40 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 800 355 445 1,525 690 835
Afrikaans 65 30 35 125 55 70
Danish 5 5 0 15 5 10
Dutch 75 30 40 285 130 155
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 640 285 355 1,070 480 590
Icelandic 0 5 5 0 5 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swedish 5 0 0 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 20 10 5 40 20 25
Indo-Iranian languages 22,095 10,945 11,155 24,355 12,060 12,295
Indo-Aryan languages 21,925 10,855 11,070 24,090 11,920 12,175
Bengali 5 5 0 10 0 5
Gujarati 30 15 15 40 15 20
Hindi 280 135 145 385 185 195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nepali 10 5 5 10 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,465 10,630 10,835 23,470 11,620 11,850
Sindhi 0 5 0 5 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 5 15 5 10
Urdu 125 65 60 150 70 75
Iranian languages 160 85 80 250 130 120
Kurdish 30 15 15 35 20 15
Pashto 0 0 0 0 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 125 65 60 210 110 100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 770 410 360 1,370 725 640
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 25 10 10 45 20 25
Portuguese 45 25 20 70 35 35
Romanian 120 55 60 280 140 145
Spanish 580 315 260 975 535 440
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 100 45 55 155 75 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 925 405 520 1,365 630 735
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 5 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 20 5 10 35 20 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 5 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 5 5 0 15 5 5
Wolof 0 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 0 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 30 10 15
Dinka 10 10 5 15 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 10 10
Sign languages 55 25 25 100 50 45
American Sign Language 10 5 5 20 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 80 40 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,005 520 490 1,600 805 795
Chinese languages 1,005 520 490 1,580 795 785
Cantonese 285 150 130 415 215 200
Hakka 10 0 5 10 5 5
Mandarin 665 340 325 1,050 520 530
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 25 10 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 15 70 35 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 20 10 5
Burmese 0 0 0 0 5 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 5
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 115 60 55 125 60 60
Lao 95 50 50 100 50 50
Thai 20 10 5 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 35 20 15 35 20 15
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 30 20 15 35 20 15
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Uralic languages 60 30 30 180 90 90
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 15 5 10 50 25 25
Hungarian 45 20 20 130 65 65
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Multiple responses 8,600 4,320 4,285 11,530 5,665 5,870
English and French 125 50 70 285 120 170
English and non-official language 8,355 4,220 4,140 11,075 5,475 5,600
French and non-official language 15 5 5 30 15 20
English, French and non-official language 105 35 70 140 55 80
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 139,255 68,440 70,815 291,110 143,595 147,515
None 120,710 59,285 61,420 263,865 130,370 133,490
English 8,690 4,430 4,260 11,135 5,640 5,500
French 870 375 490 1,870 805 1,065
Non-official language 8,775 4,245 4,535 13,890 6,610 7,280
Aboriginal 10 5 5 175 80 95
Non-Aboriginal 8,765 4,240 4,530 13,720 6,535 7,180
English and French 35 15 20 50 25 25
English and non-official language 85 45 40 150 75 75
French and non-official language 85 40 45 140 65 80
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 5 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 112,615 54,790 57,825 235,305 114,870 120,435
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 108,160 52,710 55,455 226,045 110,645 115,400
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,741 38,324 23,955 30,526 39,569 24,367
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 108,280 52,815 55,460 226,310 110,860 115,450
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,226 33,771 22,867 27,880 34,786 23,230
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,740 47,910 47,825 199,380 100,195 99,180
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,353 38,156 20,968 28,802 38,827 21,258
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 77,925 33,045 44,880 163,665 70,440 93,225
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,593 3,707 6,354 6,591 5,765 6,861
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,445 42,420 40,020 168,460 87,215 81,245
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,555 38,004 21,365 29,260 39,040 21,980
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 112,615 54,805 57,805 235,305 114,870 120,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 108,070 52,590 55,475 226,015 110,525 115,490
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,098 48,531 32,103 40,277 48,839 32,084
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 108,170 52,685 55,485 226,265 110,715 115,550
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,326 40,367 28,590 34,428 40,569 28,544
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,565 47,670 47,895 199,115 99,960 99,160
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,099 48,500 29,743 39,033 48,400 29,591
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 77,685 32,935 44,750 163,660 70,465 93,195
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,682 7,298 7,965 8,132 7,942 8,276
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,445 42,265 40,175 168,460 87,130 81,330
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,890 46,501 28,832 38,291 46,845 29,127
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 112,615 54,805 57,810 235,305 114,870 120,435
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,705 20,415 13,290 71,280 42,880 28,405
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,454 56,005 42,205 50,102 57,405 42,163
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,017 63,170 47,565 57,004 63,563 47,102
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.3 90.6 79.9 85.4 89.6 79.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.3 77.2 65.0 70.9 75.7 63.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.7 9.4 20.1 14.6 10.4 20.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 112,615 54,790 57,825 235,305 114,865 120,430
Without total income 4,455 2,080 2,370 9,260 4,225 5,035
With total income 108,160 52,710 55,455 226,040 110,645 115,400
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.2 95.9 96.1 96.3 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,120 6,600 9,515 33,060 13,235 19,820
$10,000 to $19,999 21,885 8,250 13,635 44,570 16,800 27,770
$20,000 to $29,999 16,460 6,540 9,915 33,720 13,450 20,270
$30,000 to $39,999 13,105 5,945 7,155 27,580 12,385 15,195
$40,000 to $49,999 10,600 5,375 5,225 22,545 11,370 11,175
$50,000 to $59,999 8,100 4,705 3,395 17,395 10,090 7,310
$60,000 to $69,999 5,860 3,775 2,085 12,680 8,295 4,380
$70,000 to $79,999 4,485 3,015 1,475 9,775 6,705 3,065
$80,000 to $89,999 3,495 2,375 1,115 7,645 5,270 2,375
$90,000 to $99,999 2,225 1,560 660 5,085 3,605 1,480
$100,000 and over 5,835 4,560 1,275 11,995 9,440 2,550
$100,000 to $149,999 4,290 3,320 970 8,900 6,945 1,955
$150,000 and over 1,545 1,240 310 3,095 2,500 590
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 112,615 54,790 57,825 235,305 114,865 120,435
Without after-tax income 4,335 1,980 2,360 8,990 4,005 4,980
With after-tax income 108,280 52,815 55,465 226,310 110,860 115,450
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 95.9 96.2 96.5 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 16,660 6,920 9,745 34,300 13,940 20,360
$10,000 to $19,999 23,045 8,950 14,095 46,845 18,115 28,730
$20,000 to $29,999 19,150 7,805 11,345 39,440 16,135 23,305
$30,000 to $39,999 14,915 7,120 7,795 31,620 14,905 16,720
$40,000 to $49,999 11,325 6,170 5,160 24,305 13,365 10,940
$50,000 to $59,999 7,840 4,940 2,900 16,960 10,825 6,135
$60,000 to $69,999 5,485 3,690 1,790 11,935 8,215 3,715
$70,000 to $79,999 3,720 2,560 1,165 8,355 5,745 2,610
$80,000 and over 6,130 4,660 1,470 12,540 9,610 2,930
$80,000 to $89,999 2,210 1,615 600 4,645 3,410 1,225
$90,000 to $99,999 1,265 965 300 2,670 2,060 610
$100,000 and over 2,655 2,085 570 5,230 4,140 1,090
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 112,610 54,790 57,820 235,305 114,870 120,435
Without employment income 30,175 12,370 17,800 66,840 27,655 39,190
With employment income 82,445 42,425 40,020 168,460 87,215 81,240
Percentage with employment income 73.2 77.4 69.2 71.6 75.9 67.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,195 5,475 6,720 27,115 12,265 14,850
$5,000 to $9,999 7,425 2,750 4,675 14,005 5,435 8,570
$10,000 to $19,999 12,710 5,020 7,690 24,505 9,815 14,690
$20,000 to $29,999 10,315 4,500 5,810 20,075 8,500 11,580
$30,000 to $39,999 8,835 4,270 4,565 17,855 8,355 9,500
$40,000 to $49,999 7,820 4,175 3,650 15,625 8,120 7,500
$50,000 to $59,999 6,085 3,730 2,355 12,580 7,655 4,925
$60,000 to $69,999 4,460 3,035 1,425 9,610 6,595 3,020
$70,000 to $79,999 3,545 2,485 1,065 7,680 5,440 2,235
$80,000 and over 9,050 6,985 2,060 19,400 15,030 4,370
$80,000 to $89,999 2,845 2,015 825 6,265 4,440 1,825
$90,000 to $99,999 1,810 1,310 495 4,050 2,985 1,070
$100,000 and over 4,405 3,660 735 9,085 7,610 1,475
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,289  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,112  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,863  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,646  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 37,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,866  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,487  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,362  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,983  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,866  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,971  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,489  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,059  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 37,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,341  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 15,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 49,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 11,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 36,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,658  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,138  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,149  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,443  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,507  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 36,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,796  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,458  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,746  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,288  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,488  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,543  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,977  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,992  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,931  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,866  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,548  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,650 7,940 8,715 37,665 18,390 19,280
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,538 33,768 26,480 28,727 32,022 26,465
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,096 30,297 25,000 26,395 28,770 24,947
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,595 8,090 8,505 37,465 18,290 19,175
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,596 41,112 34,252 36,695 39,804 33,730
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,545 34,747 30,451 31,750 33,611 29,976
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 138,555 68,170 70,385 288,760 142,560 146,205
In the bottom half of the distribution 73,970 35,355 38,615 156,480 74,990 81,485
In the bottom decile 12,160 5,700 6,465 29,160 13,880 15,280
In the second decile 13,850 6,225 7,625 30,280 13,690 16,585
In the third decile 14,885 7,125 7,765 30,805 14,680 16,130
In the fourth decile 17,045 8,380 8,665 33,555 16,520 17,035
In the fifth decile 16,025 7,930 8,100 32,675 16,220 16,455
In the top half of the distribution 64,585 32,815 31,770 132,285 67,570 64,715
In the sixth decile 15,280 7,690 7,590 31,440 15,870 15,570
In the seventh decile 14,295 7,205 7,095 29,345 14,905 14,445
In the eighth decile 13,430 6,825 6,605 27,900 14,215 13,680
In the ninth decile 11,995 6,120 5,875 25,140 12,970 12,175
In the top decile 9,580 4,965 4,610 18,455 9,610 8,850
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 138,555 68,165 70,390 280,900 138,715 142,185
0 to 17 years 31,200 16,060 15,145 62,545 32,300 30,250
0 to 5 years 10,250 5,235 5,010 20,175 10,390 9,785
18 to 64 years 85,105 41,830 43,275 171,365 84,215 87,155
65 years and over 22,250 10,280 11,970 46,990 22,200 24,790
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 17,800 8,095 9,710 39,235 18,000 21,230
0 to 17 years 4,900 2,590 2,310 10,690 5,545 5,145
0 to 5 years 1,580 840 740 3,385 1,785 1,600
18 to 64 years 9,785 4,355 5,430 21,655 9,745 11,910
65 years and over 3,120 1,150 1,970 6,885 2,705 4,175
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 11.9 13.8 14.0 13.0 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 15.7 16.1 15.3 17.1 17.2 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.4 16.0 14.8 16.8 17.2 16.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.4 12.5 12.6 11.6 13.7
65 years and over (%) 14.0 11.2 16.5 14.7 12.2 16.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,805 4,640 5,165 20,885 10,005 10,885
0 to 17 years 2,535 1,340 1,190 5,495 2,820 2,675
0 to 5 years 750 395 355 1,655 850 810
18 to 64 years 6,540 3,030 3,510 14,045 6,630 7,415
65 years and over 735 275 460 1,350 550 795
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.1 6.8 7.3 7.4 7.2 7.7
0 to 17 years (%) 8.1 8.3 7.9 8.8 8.7 8.8
0 to 5 years (%) 7.3 7.5 7.1 8.2 8.2 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.7 7.2 8.1 8.2 7.9 8.5
65 years and over (%) 3.3 2.7 3.8 2.9 2.5 3.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 138,555 68,165 70,385 288,765 142,560 146,200
Official languages 130,740 64,795 65,940 279,790 138,660 141,130
English 130,685 64,775 65,910 279,695 138,615 141,080
French 6,255 2,730 3,525 13,160 5,685 7,480
Non-official languages 53,270 26,120 27,145 74,120 35,860 38,255
Aboriginal languages 45 25 20 400 165 230
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 50 15 35
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 40 15 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 10 0 20 15 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 10 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 10 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 10 0 10 10 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 20 10 10 265 105 160
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 115 35 80
Lillooet 0 10 0 95 45 50
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 10 15 10 10
Squamish 0 0 0 10 0 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages 0 10 0 10 0 0
Dakota 10 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 45 25 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 53,230 26,105 27,120 73,725 35,700 38,025
Afro-Asiatic languages 715 405 315 1,015 580 430
Berber languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 10 0 0 0 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 705 405 305 1,000 585 420
Amharic 10 0 10 15 10 10
Arabic 605 350 255 835 485 350
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 25 20 45 25 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 15 10 10
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 25 15 95 60 30
Maltese 15 0 10 30 15 20
Tigrigna 10 10 0 15 10 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 975 480 490 1,395 685 710
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 40 15 75 45 30
Vietnamese 920 440 480 1,325 640 685
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,435 550 885 2,280 810 1,470
Bikol 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cebuano 85 10 70 140 35 105
Fijian 10 10 10 25 15 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 30 10 20
Ilocano 35 10 20 55 20 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 10 0
Malay 80 40 40 95 45 50
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,305 485 825 2,105 720 1,385
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 45 25 15
Creole languages 110 65 50 150 95 55
Haitian Creole 25 0 20 25 10 20
Creole, n.o.s. 75 50 35 105 70 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 15 0
Dravidian languages 190 85 105 220 100 115
Kannada 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malayalam 85 35 45 80 40 45
Tamil 90 45 45 115 65 55
Telugu 40 15 25 45 15 25
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 45,375 22,490 22,885 61,445 30,080 31,365
Albanian 130 70 60 210 105 100
Armenian 60 40 25 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 1,545 720 825 3,265 1,510 1,760
Baltic languages 0 10 0 25 10 15
Latvian 10 10 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 10 10
Slavic languages 1,535 715 820 3,240 1,500 1,745
Belarusan 10 0 0 10 10 0
Bosnian 95 45 50 120 60 60
Bulgarian 45 25 25 80 30 50
Croatian 105 50 55 155 80 75
Czech 105 50 55 285 135 150
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 340 140 205 800 335 465
Russian 590 275 315 1,015 450 565
Serbian 75 45 35 160 85 70
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 25 15 10
Slovak 40 25 20 220 120 100
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 35 25 10
Ukrainian 300 135 165 635 285 345
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages 25 15 10 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 0 25 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 25 20 10
Germanic languages 6,910 3,265 3,640 14,215 6,665 7,550
Afrikaans 245 115 125 450 215 235
Danish 170 80 90 345 155 185
Dutch 1,495 730 765 4,060 1,940 2,125
Frisian 40 35 10 110 60 50
German 4,940 2,325 2,615 9,160 4,340 4,830
Icelandic 10 0 10 25 0 15
Norwegian 50 30 20 170 75 95
Swedish 70 35 35 190 85 110
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 35 10 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Greek 135 75 60 280 175 110
Indo-Iranian languages 33,785 16,970 16,815 37,770 18,960 18,810
Indo-Aryan languages 33,565 16,845 16,720 37,445 18,770 18,675
Bengali 25 15 10 25 20 15
Gujarati 140 90 55 175 105 65
Hindi 4,065 1,975 2,090 4,620 2,240 2,385
Kashmiri 0 0 10 10 0 10
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 30 20 15 30 15 10
Nepali 10 0 0 20 0 10
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 32,510 16,305 16,200 35,980 18,055 17,925
Sindhi 15 10 0 20 15 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 40 20 105 60 50
Urdu 405 235 165 555 300 260
Iranian languages 235 135 100 355 200 155
Kurdish 60 40 25 75 45 30
Pashto 10 0 0 15 10 0
Persian (Farsi) 185 95 90 300 160 130
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 45 15 30
Italic (Romance) languages 3,460 1,690 1,770 6,685 3,175 3,515
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 430 215 215 850 425 420
Portuguese 320 160 160 655 340 320
Romanian 305 145 160 625 290 335
Spanish 2,515 1,225 1,295 4,780 2,225 2,555
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 10 10 0
Japanese 505 235 270 860 400 465
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 10 0 0
Georgian 10 0 0 10 0 0
Korean 1,300 580 720 2,010 950 1,060
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 10 10 10 10 10 0
Niger-Congo languages 230 105 125 375 190 190
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 20 10 0
Bamanankan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 10 10 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 10 0 10 0 0 10
Igbo 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lingala 10 0 10 0 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 25 10 15
Swahili 110 55 55 130 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 15 25 80 35 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 125 70 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 15 25 40 15 25
Dinka 20 10 10 20 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 25 0 15
Sign languages 310 115 195 510 185 335
American Sign Language 185 70 115 235 90 140
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 125 45 80 275 90 190
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,875 905 970 2,995 1,445 1,555
Chinese languages 1,875 905 970 2,950 1,410 1,535
Cantonese 685 325 360 950 455 500
Hakka 20 10 10 25 15 10
Mandarin 1,340 630 705 2,090 965 1,130
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 30 15 140 75 65
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 50 35 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 50 35 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 410 215 190 505 235 265
Lao 335 185 155 385 200 190
Thai 105 50 55 160 55 105
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 0
Turkic languages 100 60 40 130 85 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 90 55 35 115 75 40
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 10 10
Uralic languages 340 155 190 805 365 440
Estonian 10 0 10 20 10 20
Finnish 100 35 60 265 125 140
Hungarian 225 110 120 515 235 280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 35 15 25
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 138,555 68,170 70,390 288,760 142,560 146,205
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 125,245 61,765 63,480 270,000 133,545 136,455
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,110 15,610 14,505 62,475 32,370 30,105
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 95,140 46,155 48,980 207,530 101,180 106,350
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,310 6,405 6,905 18,760 9,015 9,745
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 138,555 68,165 70,390 288,760 142,560 146,205
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 98,300 48,770 49,525 227,165 113,170 113,995
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 38,220 18,380 19,845 58,800 27,955 30,850
Before 1981 9,230 4,590 4,650 19,020 9,170 9,850
1981 to 1990 4,310 2,015 2,295 6,535 3,080 3,455
1991 to 2000 8,485 4,095 4,390 11,675 5,535 6,145
2001 to 2010 10,750 5,075 5,680 14,430 6,735 7,690
2001 to 2005 5,190 2,445 2,745 6,735 3,115 3,625
2006 to 2010 5,565 2,625 2,935 7,690 3,625 4,065
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,435 2,610 2,825 7,140 3,430 3,705
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,035 1,015 1,020 2,790 1,435 1,360
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 38,225 18,385 19,840 58,800 27,955 30,850
Under 5 years 2,700 1,410 1,285 5,310 2,575 2,730
5 to 14 years 5,220 2,800 2,415 9,370 4,865 4,505
15 to 24 years 11,220 4,885 6,335 16,065 7,050 9,015
25 to 44 years 12,575 6,400 6,175 19,730 9,740 9,995
45 years and over 6,510 2,875 3,630 8,330 3,720 4,605
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 38,220 18,380 19,840 58,805 27,955 30,850
Americas 3,585 1,560 2,025 6,575 2,855 3,725
Brazil 190 90 100 265 110 155
Colombia 100 45 55 170 70 95
El Salvador 235 105 135 460 220 245
Guyana 30 15 15 75 40 35
Haiti 50 35 15 95 60 35
Jamaica 100 55 40 165 95 70
Mexico 175 85 90 405 180 225
Peru 30 10 20 80 25 55
Trinidad and Tobago 50 25 25 115 65 45
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,420 525 895 3,065 1,210 1,855
Other places of birth in Americas 1,200 565 640 1,685 780 910
Europe 7,345 3,670 3,680 18,515 9,025 9,490
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 25 30 105 55 55
Croatia 35 20 15 75 50 25
France 65 25 40 165 75 95
Germany 815 430 385 2,445 1,215 1,230
Greece 65 30 30 100 60 40
Hungary 125 70 55 290 145 140
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 15 60 250 90 160
Italy 160 85 70 290 145 140
Netherlands 1,150 595 550 2,910 1,465 1,450
Poland 335 135 200 765 335 435
Portugal 30 10 25 150 80 70
Romania 250 115 135 530 235 300
Russian Federation 315 130 180 585 260 325
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 20 15 90 40 40
Ukraine 395 185 210 580 270 310
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,480 1,320 1,155 7,010 3,490 3,525
Other places of birth in Europe 965 460 505 2,175 1,010 1,160
Africa 975 490 490 1,710 850 855
Algeria 0 0 0 15 10 10
Egypt 40 20 15 110 70 45
Ethiopia 15 10 0 25 10 20
Kenya 120 60 60 170 80 90
Morocco 25 20 0 40 30 10
Nigeria 50 25 25 115 65 50
Somalia 10 0 10 0 0 10
South Africa, Republic of 320 160 160 645 310 335
Other places of birth in Africa 410 200 215 580 275 305
Asia 25,805 12,400 13,410 31,055 14,725 16,325
Afghanistan 45 30 20 50 30 20
Bangladesh 0 10 0 0 0 0
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 660 300 355 1,145 530 615
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 105 50 55 240 105 135
India 20,400 9,885 10,510 22,520 10,870 11,655
Ira