Census Profile, 2016 Census
Mission, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Fraser Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Mission, DM
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Fraser Valley, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Mission, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Mission, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Fraser Valley, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 38,833  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 295,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 36,426  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,593  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 14,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 116,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,393  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 170.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 227.65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,335.28  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 38,830 19,650 19,185 295,935 146,640 149,295
0 to 14 years 7,230 3,840 3,390 53,540 27,735 25,810
0 to 4 years 2,255 1,210 1,040 17,130 8,830 8,305
5 to 9 years 2,465 1,290 1,175 18,490 9,585 8,905
10 to 14 years 2,505 1,340 1,165 17,920 9,315 8,605
15 to 64 years 26,010 13,200 12,810 189,095 94,145 94,950
15 to 19 years 2,360 1,215 1,145 17,990 9,195 8,795
20 to 24 years 2,100 1,100 1,000 17,730 9,170 8,560
25 to 29 years 2,240 1,160 1,075 17,485 8,845 8,640
30 to 34 years 2,525 1,240 1,285 18,970 9,435 9,535
35 to 39 years 2,510 1,280 1,230 17,940 8,860 9,080
40 to 44 years 2,585 1,350 1,235 18,040 8,895 9,145
45 to 49 years 2,665 1,345 1,330 19,280 9,530 9,745
50 to 54 years 3,290 1,620 1,670 21,275 10,610 10,670
55 to 59 years 3,185 1,585 1,600 21,280 10,395 10,890
60 to 64 years 2,540 1,300 1,240 19,100 9,205 9,895
65 years and over 5,590 2,605 2,985 53,300 24,760 28,540
65 to 69 years 2,015 1,025 990 17,340 8,305 9,035
70 to 74 years 1,295 625 670 12,800 6,250 6,550
75 to 79 years 895 400 500 9,335 4,365 4,970
80 to 84 years 685 300 385 6,770 3,190 3,580
85 years and over 700 260 440 7,050 2,645 4,405
85 to 89 years 425 165 255 4,385 1,795 2,590
90 to 94 years 195 70 125 2,045 685 1,360
95 to 99 years 70 20 50 535 150 385
100 years and over 10 5 5 85 15 65
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.6 19.5 17.7 18.1 18.9 17.3
15 to 64 years 67.0 67.2 66.8 63.9 64.2 63.6
65 years and over 14.4 13.3 15.6 18.0 16.9 19.1
85 years and over 1.8 1.3 2.3 2.4 1.8 3.0
Average age of the population 40.0 39.1 40.8 40.9 40.0 41.8
Median age of the population 40.8 39.9 41.7 41.2 40.0 42.3
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 8,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 60  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 4,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 50  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 4,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 37,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 288,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 31,605 15,810 15,790 242,395 118,905 123,490
Married or living common law 18,655 9,415 9,240 145,645 73,145 72,505
Married 15,270 7,725 7,550 126,115 63,435 62,680
Living common law 3,385 1,690 1,695 19,530 9,710 9,820
Not married and not living common law 12,945 6,395 6,550 96,750 45,760 50,985
Never married 8,025 4,585 3,440 59,240 32,755 26,485
Separated 1,000 465 535 7,315 3,300 4,020
Divorced 2,255 955 1,300 15,720 6,440 9,285
Widowed 1,660 390 1,270 14,470 3,270 11,205
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 10,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 10,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 9,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 7,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 9,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,500 2,795 2,710 45,605 21,725 23,875
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 3,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 37,925 19,030 18,900 291,110 143,595 147,515
English only 35,285 17,895 17,395 268,855 133,880 134,975
French only 10 10 0 65 30 35
English and French 2,080 905 1,180 13,175 5,735 7,440
Neither English nor French 545 220 325 9,015 3,945 5,065
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 37,925 19,025 18,900 291,110 143,595 147,515
English 36,980 18,595 18,390 279,050 138,090 140,960
French 355 190 170 2,495 1,300 1,200
English and French 55 30 30 670 315 350
Neither English nor French 530 215 315 8,885 3,890 5,000
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 380 200 185 2,830 1,460 1,375
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 37,925 19,025 18,900 291,110 143,595 147,515
Single responses 37,445 18,790 18,655 286,090 141,195 144,895
Official languages 32,650 16,485 16,165 224,050 111,130 112,920
English 32,265 16,290 15,975 221,235 109,680 111,550
French 385 200 190 2,815 1,450 1,370
Non-official languages 4,790 2,305 2,490 62,040 30,065 31,980
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 210 95 120
Algonquian languages 10 5 0 55 15 30
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 30 15 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 5 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 10 5 5 120 60 65
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 5
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 15 20
Lillooet 10 5 0 60 30 30
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 5 5 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,770 2,295 2,480 61,830 29,970 31,860
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 20 15 600 335 265
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 5 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 5
Somali 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Semitic languages 40 20 15 585 320 260
Amharic 0 0 0 15 10 10
Arabic 30 15 15 490 270 220
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 5 35 15 20
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 40 30 1,230 575 655
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 45 20 20
Vietnamese 65 35 25 1,190 555 635
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 130 40 90 1,740 665 1,080
Bikol 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cebuano 5 0 0 95 30 60
Fijian 5 5 0 20 15 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 20 5 10
Ilocano 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 0 0 0 60 20 40
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100 25 70 1,415 535 885
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Creole languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 30 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Dravidian languages 25 10 15 180 95 90
Kannada 0 0 0 10 5 0
Malayalam 10 0 10 90 45 50
Tamil 10 0 5 40 20 20
Telugu 0 0 0 45 20 25
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Indo-European languages 3,975 1,925 2,045 51,725 25,300 26,425
Albanian 15 10 5 135 65 60
Armenian 0 0 0 40 20 15
Balto-Slavic languages 460 210 250 2,770 1,275 1,495
Baltic languages 5 5 0 35 15 15
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 455 210 245 2,735 1,265 1,475
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 65 35 35
Bulgarian 0 0 0 40 15 25
Croatian 20 10 5 140 70 70
Czech 50 20 30 240 115 130
Macedonian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Polish 145 80 65 710 330 380
Russian 115 50 70 745 315 430
Serbian 10 5 5 85 50 30
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 15 10 10
Slovak 40 20 20 135 65 70
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 40 20 20
Ukrainian 50 15 40 505 235 270
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Celtic languages 5 0 5 20 10 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 725 340 380 12,500 5,830 6,670
Afrikaans 15 10 5 250 115 135
Danish 35 20 15 320 155 165
Dutch 170 80 95 3,415 1,650 1,765
Frisian 0 0 5 70 40 35
German 470 225 245 8,155 3,745 4,410
Icelandic 0 0 0 15 5 15
Norwegian 10 5 5 120 55 65
Swedish 15 10 15 120 50 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 20 5 15
Yiddish 0 5 0 5 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Greek 25 10 10 150 90 60
Indo-Iranian languages 2,255 1,125 1,130 32,635 16,250 16,385
Indo-Aryan languages 2,205 1,100 1,105 32,155 15,990 16,165
Bengali 10 5 0 30 20 10
Gujarati 5 0 0 115 60 50
Hindi 65 30 35 775 360 420
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 10 5 0
Nepali 0 0 0 25 15 10
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,085 1,045 1,045 30,845 15,345 15,500
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10 55 25 25
Urdu 25 10 10 285 145 135
Iranian languages 50 30 25 455 250 205
Kurdish 10 0 5 65 35 25
Pashto 0 0 5 10 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 40 25 20 380 210 170
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 15
Italic (Romance) languages 500 225 275 3,480 1,750 1,735
Catalan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Italian 85 40 45 430 240 190
Portuguese 60 25 35 385 180 205
Romanian 120 60 60 580 305 280
Spanish 235 95 135 2,080 1,025 1,055
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Japanese 30 10 20 395 145 245
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 130 75 55 1,725 815 910
Mongolic languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Mongolian 5 0 5 5 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 20 175 90 85
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 15 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 5 0 5 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 5 5 5 5 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Shona 5 0 0 10 5 5
Swahili 15 5 5 55 30 30
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 30 15 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 5 35 20 20
Dinka 0 0 0 15 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages 15 5 10 80 45 35
American Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 10
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 55 25 25
Sino-Tibetan languages 140 55 85 2,610 1,240 1,370
Chinese languages 140 60 80 2,585 1,220 1,365
Cantonese 40 15 30 770 390 380
Hakka 0 0 0 30 15 15
Mandarin 75 35 45 1,515 685 825
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 100 45 55
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 145 65 80
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 25 15 10
Burmese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 305 130 170
Lao 0 5 5 225 115 115
Thai 5 0 5 80 25 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 60 40 20
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uralic languages 160 85 75 855 420 430
Estonian 5 0 5 30 10 20
Finnish 50 25 25 250 110 140
Hungarian 105 55 50 575 300 275
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Multiple responses 480 235 245 5,020 2,405 2,615
English and French 80 35 40 500 210 295
English and non-official language 385 195 195 4,360 2,115 2,240
French and non-official language 5 5 0 75 35 40
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 80 45 40
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 37,925 19,025 18,900 291,110 143,595 147,510
Single responses 36,915 18,540 18,375 279,575 137,930 141,645
Official languages 34,580 17,400 17,180 245,850 121,345 124,505
English 34,515 17,370 17,145 245,345 121,110 124,230
French 65 30 40 510 240 275
Non-official languages 2,335 1,140 1,195 33,730 16,590 17,140
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 30 10 15
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 20 10 15
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 5 0 5
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,330 1,140 1,195 33,700 16,575 17,125
Afro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 320 160 160
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Semitic languages 10 5 5 320 160 160
Amharic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Arabic 5 5 0 285 145 145
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 10 5 5
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 5 5 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 55 30 25 840 380 460
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Vietnamese 55 25 25 830 375 455
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 20 10 10 580 275 300
Bikol 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cebuano 0 0 0 25 10 10
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 10 5 5
Ilocano 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 15 505 240 260
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 5 15 10 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dravidian languages 20 10 15 95 40 55
Kannada 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malayalam 15 5 10 55 20 35
Tamil 10 0 0 20 10 15
Telugu 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,990 975 1,015 28,210 13,930 14,275
Albanian 5 5 0 35 20 15
Armenian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 155 80 80 860 415 445
Baltic languages 0 5 0 5 0 5
Latvian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 155 75 80 855 415 440
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 20 10 15
Bulgarian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Croatian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Czech 15 5 5 55 30 30
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 50 30 20 225 115 110
Russian 60 30 30 375 170 205
Serbian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slovak 20 10 10 40 20 20
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 10 75 40 35
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 60 25 30 1,525 690 835
Afrikaans 10 5 5 125 55 70
Danish 5 0 5 15 5 10
Dutch 10 5 10 285 130 155
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 5
German 30 15 20 1,070 480 590
Icelandic 0 0 0 0 5 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swedish 5 0 5 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 40 20 25
Indo-Iranian languages 1,605 790 815 24,355 12,060 12,295
Indo-Aryan languages 1,590 785 810 24,090 11,920 12,175
Bengali 0 5 0 10 0 5
Gujarati 0 0 0 40 15 20
Hindi 35 15 20 385 185 195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,545 765 780 23,470 11,620 11,850
Sindhi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 15 5 10
Urdu 0 5 0 150 70 75
Iranian languages 15 5 5 250 130 120
Kurdish 0 0 0 35 20 15
Pashto 0 0 0 0 5 5
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 210 110 100
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Italic (Romance) languages 165 80 85 1,370 725 640
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 0 5 5 45 20 25
Portuguese 5 5 0 70 35 35
Romanian 65 30 30 280 140 145
Spanish 95 40 50 975 535 440
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 10 5 5 155 75 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 75 40 35 1,365 630 735
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 35 20 20
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swahili 10 5 0 15 5 5
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 5 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 30 10 15
Dinka 0 0 0 15 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Sign languages 20 10 10 100 50 45
American Sign Language 0 5 0 20 10 5
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 80 40 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 70 30 40 1,600 805 795
Chinese languages 70 35 40 1,580 795 785
Cantonese 15 5 10 415 215 200
Hakka 0 0 0 10 5 5
Mandarin 50 20 30 1,050 520 530
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 0 0 70 35 40
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 20 10 5
Burmese 0 0 0 0 5 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 20 10 5
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 125 60 60
Lao 0 0 0 100 50 50
Thai 0 0 0 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 35 20 15
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Uralic languages 45 20 25 180 90 90
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 10 5 5 50 25 25
Hungarian 30 15 20 130 65 65
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Multiple responses 1,010 485 525 11,530 5,665 5,870
English and French 40 15 30 285 120 170
English and non-official language 940 455 485 11,075 5,475 5,600
French and non-official language 10 5 10 30 15 20
English, French and non-official language 10 10 0 140 55 80
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 37,925 19,025 18,900 291,110 143,595 147,515
None 35,405 17,800 17,605 263,865 130,370 133,490
English 885 450 430 11,135 5,640 5,500
French 330 150 185 1,870 805 1,065
Non-official language 1,255 600 660 13,890 6,610 7,280
Aboriginal 25 10 10 175 80 95
Non-Aboriginal 1,235 590 645 13,720 6,535 7,180
English and French 5 5 0 50 25 25
English and non-official language 15 5 10 150 75 75
French and non-official language 20 10 10 140 65 80
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,270 14,970 15,295 235,305 114,870 120,435
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,820 14,305 14,520 226,045 110,645 115,400
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,135 43,776 25,906 30,526 39,569 24,367
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 28,870 14,345 14,525 226,310 110,860 115,450
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,805 37,933 24,453 27,880 34,786 23,230
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 25,420 12,950 12,470 199,380 100,195 99,180
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,269 43,908 23,686 28,802 38,827 21,258
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 20,245 8,690 11,555 163,665 70,440 93,225
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,665 4,976 6,043 6,591 5,765 6,861
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,110 11,520 10,590 168,460 87,215 81,245
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,444 45,572 24,848 29,260 39,040 21,980
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 30,270 14,955 15,310 235,305 114,870 120,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,895 14,250 14,645 226,015 110,525 115,490
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,264 50,467 32,308 40,277 48,839 32,084
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 28,935 14,285 14,650 226,265 110,715 115,550
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,058 41,582 28,697 34,428 40,569 28,544
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 25,485 12,895 12,585 199,115 99,960 99,160
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,670 50,815 30,275 39,033 48,400 29,591
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,300 8,630 11,665 163,660 70,465 93,195
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,676 7,389 7,888 8,132 7,942 8,276
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,110 11,450 10,660 168,460 87,130 81,330
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,004 50,784 30,492 38,291 46,845 29,127
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 30,270 14,955 15,310 235,305 114,870 120,435
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 10,165 6,150 4,015 71,280 42,880 28,405
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,279 61,826 43,264 50,102 57,405 42,163
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,574 66,072 47,082 57,004 63,563 47,102
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.8 90.8 80.5 85.4 89.6 79.2
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.0 80.5 69.1 70.9 75.7 63.9
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.2 9.2 19.5 14.6 10.4 20.8
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 30,270 14,970 15,300 235,305 114,865 120,430
Without total income 1,445 670 780 9,260 4,225 5,035
With total income 28,825 14,305 14,520 226,040 110,645 115,400
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.6 94.9 96.1 96.3 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,205 1,630 2,580 33,060 13,235 19,820
$10,000 to $19,999 5,250 2,035 3,220 44,570 16,800 27,770
$20,000 to $29,999 3,815 1,475 2,345 33,720 13,450 20,270
$30,000 to $39,999 3,480 1,490 1,990 27,580 12,385 15,195
$40,000 to $49,999 2,900 1,415 1,485 22,545 11,370 11,175
$50,000 to $59,999 2,460 1,390 1,070 17,395 10,090 7,310
$60,000 to $69,999 1,830 1,175 655 12,680 8,295 4,380
$70,000 to $79,999 1,410 995 410 9,775 6,705 3,065
$80,000 to $89,999 1,065 775 295 7,645 5,270 2,375
$90,000 to $99,999 750 550 200 5,085 3,605 1,480
$100,000 and over 1,665 1,375 285 11,995 9,440 2,550
$100,000 to $149,999 1,295 1,050 235 8,900 6,945 1,955
$150,000 and over 375 320 50 3,095 2,500 590
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,265 14,970 15,300 235,305 114,865 120,435
Without after-tax income 1,400 625 770 8,990 4,005 4,980
With after-tax income 28,870 14,340 14,530 226,310 110,860 115,450
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.8 95.0 96.2 96.5 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 4,370 1,735 2,635 34,300 13,940 20,360
$10,000 to $19,999 5,480 2,155 3,320 46,845 18,115 28,730
$20,000 to $29,999 4,670 1,870 2,800 39,440 16,135 23,305
$30,000 to $39,999 3,990 1,790 2,205 31,620 14,905 16,720
$40,000 to $49,999 3,385 1,845 1,535 24,305 13,365 10,940
$50,000 to $59,999 2,405 1,535 875 16,960 10,825 6,135
$60,000 to $69,999 1,705 1,210 495 11,935 8,215 3,715
$70,000 to $79,999 1,190 845 345 8,355 5,745 2,610
$80,000 and over 1,675 1,355 320 12,540 9,610 2,930
$80,000 to $89,999 660 510 150 4,645 3,410 1,225
$90,000 to $99,999 385 305 75 2,670 2,060 610
$100,000 and over 635 540 95 5,230 4,140 1,090
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 30,270 14,970 15,295 235,305 114,870 120,435
Without employment income 8,155 3,450 4,705 66,840 27,655 39,190
With employment income 22,115 11,520 10,590 168,460 87,215 81,240
Percentage with employment income 73.1 77.0 69.2 71.6 75.9 67.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,180 1,355 1,820 27,115 12,265 14,850
$5,000 to $9,999 1,565 595 970 14,005 5,435 8,570
$10,000 to $19,999 2,950 1,190 1,760 24,505 9,815 14,690
$20,000 to $29,999 2,500 1,020 1,480 20,075 8,500 11,580
$30,000 to $39,999 2,375 1,005 1,375 17,855 8,355 9,500
$40,000 to $49,999 2,120 1,055 1,065 15,625 8,120 7,500
$50,000 to $59,999 1,860 1,120 740 12,580 7,655 4,925
$60,000 to $69,999 1,475 995 480 9,610 6,595 3,020
$70,000 to $79,999 1,185 880 305 7,680 5,440 2,235
$80,000 and over 2,905 2,305 595 19,400 15,030 4,370
$80,000 to $89,999 935 680 260 6,265 4,440 1,825
$90,000 to $99,999 610 455 155 4,050 2,985 1,070
$100,000 and over 1,360 1,175 185 9,085 7,610 1,475
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,159  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,289  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,646  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,149  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,487  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,316  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,983  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,866  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 2,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,614  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,489  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,059  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 98,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 13,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 10,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,551  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,914  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,658  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,149  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,923  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,202  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,447  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,003  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,813  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 10,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,796  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,061  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,521  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,653  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,288  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,514  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,637  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,977  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,784  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,866  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,282  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,315 2,290 2,025 37,665 18,390 19,280
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,192 32,128 25,360 28,727 32,022 26,465
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,025 28,890 24,110 26,395 28,770 24,947
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,300 2,195 2,105 37,465 18,290 19,175
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,062 40,511 31,436 36,695 39,804 33,730
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,170 34,114 28,109 31,750 33,611 29,976
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 37,490 18,805 18,685 288,760 142,560 146,205
In the bottom half of the distribution 18,775 9,135 9,640 156,480 74,990 81,485
In the bottom decile 3,780 1,825 1,960 29,160 13,880 15,280
In the second decile 3,520 1,600 1,920 30,280 13,690 16,585
In the third decile 3,415 1,645 1,765 30,805 14,680 16,130
In the fourth decile 3,950 1,990 1,955 33,555 16,520 17,035
In the fifth decile 4,105 2,065 2,040 32,675 16,220 16,455
In the top half of the distribution 18,715 9,670 9,045 132,285 67,570 64,715
In the sixth decile 4,385 2,250 2,135 31,440 15,870 15,570
In the seventh decile 4,190 2,120 2,065 29,345 14,905 14,445
In the eighth decile 4,050 2,070 1,985 27,900 14,215 13,680
In the ninth decile 3,695 1,965 1,730 25,140 12,970 12,175
In the top decile 2,395 1,260 1,130 18,455 9,610 8,850
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 37,490 18,805 18,680 280,900 138,715 142,185
0 to 17 years 8,675 4,585 4,090 62,545 32,300 30,250
0 to 5 years 2,730 1,445 1,285 20,175 10,390 9,785
18 to 64 years 23,835 11,860 11,975 171,365 84,215 87,155
65 years and over 4,980 2,360 2,615 46,990 22,200 24,790
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 5,135 2,390 2,740 39,235 18,000 21,230
0 to 17 years 1,565 825 740 10,690 5,545 5,145
0 to 5 years 420 220 200 3,385 1,785 1,600
18 to 64 years 2,850 1,285 1,570 21,655 9,745 11,910
65 years and over 710 285 430 6,885 2,705 4,175
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.7 12.7 14.7 14.0 13.0 14.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 18.0 18.1 17.1 17.2 17.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.4 15.2 15.6 16.8 17.2 16.4
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 10.8 13.1 12.6 11.6 13.7
65 years and over (%) 14.3 12.1 16.4 14.7 12.2 16.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,850 1,395 1,460 20,885 10,005 10,885
0 to 17 years 840 425 415 5,495 2,820 2,675
0 to 5 years 235 110 125 1,655 850 810
18 to 64 years 1,870 905 970 14,045 6,630 7,415
65 years and over 135 65 75 1,350 550 795
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.6 7.4 7.8 7.4 7.2 7.7
0 to 17 years (%) 9.7 9.3 10.1 8.8 8.7 8.8
0 to 5 years (%) 8.6 7.6 9.7 8.2 8.2 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.8 7.6 8.1 8.2 7.9 8.5
65 years and over (%) 2.7 2.8 2.9 2.9 2.5 3.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 37,485 18,805 18,685 288,765 142,560 146,200
Official languages 36,880 18,540 18,340 279,790 138,660 141,130
English 36,860 18,530 18,330 279,695 138,615 141,080
French 2,000 885 1,115 13,160 5,685 7,480
Non-official languages 5,930 2,780 3,155 74,120 35,860 38,255
Aboriginal languages 45 15 30 400 165 230
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 50 15 35
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 40 15 25
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 15 15
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 0 15
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 15 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 10 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 10 0 0 10 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 30 10 15 265 105 160
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 115 35 80
Lillooet 25 0 20 95 45 50
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Squamish 0 0 0 10 0 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 10 0 25 15 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 10 10 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,890 2,765 3,125 73,725 35,700 38,025
Afro-Asiatic languages 50 40 20 1,015 580 430
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 50 35 15 1,000 585 420
Amharic 0 0 0 15 10 10
Arabic 45 25 15 835 485 350
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 45 25 15
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 10
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0 95 60 30
Maltese 0 0 0 30 15 20
Tigrigna 0 0 0 15 10 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 110 50 65 1,395 685 710
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 0 75 45 30
Vietnamese 100 45 60 1,325 640 685
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 140 30 105 2,280 810 1,470
Bikol 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cebuano 20 10 15 140 35 105
Fijian 15 0 10 25 15 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 30 10 20
Ilocano 10 0 0 55 20 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 10 0
Malay 0 0 0 95 45 50
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 25 100 2,105 720 1,385
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Creole languages 10 10 0 150 95 55
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 10 20
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 70 35
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 15 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 220 100 115
Kannada 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malayalam 0 0 0 80 40 45
Tamil 0 0 0 115 65 55
Telugu 0 0 0 45 15 25
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 4,925 2,345 2,580 61,445 30,080 31,365
Albanian 10 0 10 210 105 100
Armenian 0 0 0 60 35 25
Balto-Slavic languages 430 195 235 3,265 1,510 1,760
Baltic languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 20 10 10
Lithuanian 0 10 0 10 10 10
Slavic languages 420 190 235 3,240 1,500 1,745
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Bosnian 15 0 10 120 60 60
Bulgarian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Croatian 0 0 0 155 80 75
Czech 55 20 40 285 135 150
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 140 60 80 800 335 465
Russian 85 35 45 1,015 450 565
Serbian 0 0 10 160 85 70
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 10 25 15 10
Slovak 100 65 40 220 120 100
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 35 25 10
Ukrainian 35 15 20 635 285 345
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 0 10
Celtic languages 10 0 10 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 10 25 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 10 0 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 10
Germanic languages 980 420 560 14,215 6,665 7,550
Afrikaans 40 15 30 450 215 235
Danish 35 15 20 345 155 185
Dutch 225 90 135 4,060 1,940 2,125
Frisian 0 0 0 110 60 50
German 635 290 345 9,160 4,340 4,830
Icelandic 10 0 10 25 0 15
Norwegian 20 10 15 170 75 95
Swedish 35 10 30 190 85 110
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 35 10 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 0
Greek 25 15 10 280 175 110
Indo-Iranian languages 2,670 1,335 1,340 37,770 18,960 18,810
Indo-Aryan languages 2,660 1,325 1,335 37,445 18,770 18,675
Bengali 0 0 0 25 20 15
Gujarati 10 0 10 175 105 65
Hindi 255 110 150 4,620 2,240 2,385
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 0 10
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 30 15 10
Nepali 0 0 0 20 0 10
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,565 1,295 1,270 35,980 18,055 17,925
Sindhi 0 0 0 20 15 10
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 10 15 105 60 50
Urdu 10 0 0 555 300 260
Iranian languages 10 10 10 355 200 155
Kurdish 10 10 0 75 45 30
Pashto 0 0 0 15 10 0
Persian (Farsi) 15 0 10 300 160 130
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Italic (Romance) languages 900 425 475 6,685 3,175 3,515
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 155 70 90 850 425 420
Portuguese 75 40 40 655 340 320
Romanian 90 30 65 625 290 335
Spanish 610 305 300 4,780 2,225 2,555
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Japanese 115 60 50 860 400 465
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Korean 140 70 70 2,010 950 1,060
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 10 10 0
Niger-Congo languages 65 35 35 375 190 190
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 20 10 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 10 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 10
Igbo 0 10 0 10 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shona 25 10 10 25 10 15
Swahili 15 10 0 130 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 10 80 35 45
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 125 70 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 40 15 25
Dinka 0 0 0 20 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 0 15
Sign languages 75 20 55 510 185 335
American Sign Language 15 10 0 235 90 140
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 15 50 275 90 190
Sino-Tibetan languages 150 75 75 2,995 1,445 1,555
Chinese languages 150 75 80 2,950 1,410 1,535
Cantonese 40 20 15 950 455 500
Hakka 0 0 0 25 15 10
Mandarin 95 45 45 2,090 965 1,130
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 10 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 140 75 65
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 50 35 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 50 35 10
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 15 0 10 505 235 265
Lao 10 0 10 385 200 190
Thai 0 0 10 160 55 105
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 130 85 45
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkish 0 0 0 115 75 40
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Uralic languages 135 60 75 805 365 440
Estonian 0 0 0 20 10 20
Finnish 65 35 30 265 125 140
Hungarian 70 25 40 515 235 280
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 37,490 18,805 18,680 288,760 142,560 146,205
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 36,015 18,135 17,875 270,000 133,545 136,455
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,490 4,550 3,945 62,475 32,370 30,105
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 27,520 13,585 13,935 207,530 101,180 106,350
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,475 670 805 18,760 9,015 9,745
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 37,490 18,805 18,685 288,760 142,560 146,205
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 31,730 16,200 15,530 227,165 113,170 113,995
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 5,555 2,490 3,065 58,800 27,955 30,850
Before 1981 2,125 950 1,175 19,020 9,170 9,850
1981 to 1990 665 285 375 6,535 3,080 3,455
1991 to 2000 1,120 505 610 11,675 5,535 6,145
2001 to 2010 1,205 540 670 14,430 6,735 7,690
2001 to 2005 500 240 260 6,735 3,115 3,625
2006 to 2010 705 295 405 7,690 3,625 4,065
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 440 210 235 7,140 3,430 3,705
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 205 115 85 2,790 1,435 1,360
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 5,555 2,490 3,065 58,800 27,955 30,850
Under 5 years 650 245 405 5,310 2,575 2,730
5 to 14 years 1,075 540 535 9,370 4,865 4,505
15 to 24 years 1,380 590 795 16,065 7,050 9,015
25 to 44 years 1,735 785 955 19,730 9,740 9,995
45 years and over 715 335 375 8,330 3,720 4,605
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,555 2,490 3,070 58,805 27,955 30,850
Americas 665 290 375 6,575 2,855 3,725
Brazil 15 0 15 265 110 155
Colombia 30 10 20 170 70 95
El Salvador 115 65 50 460 220 245
Guyana 20 15 10 75 40 35
Haiti 0 0 10 95 60 35
Jamaica 10 10 10 165 95 70
Mexico 45 30 10 405 180 225
Peru 0 0 10 80 25 55
Trinidad and Tobago 20 10 0 115 65 45
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 315 130 185 3,065 1,210 1,855
Other places of birth in Americas 100 30 65 1,685 780 910
Europe 2,445 1,110 1,340 18,515 9,025 9,490
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 10 105 55 55
Croatia 10 10 0 75 50 25
France 25 10 15 165 75 95
Germany 255 110 145 2,445 1,215 1,230
Greece 10 0 10 100 60 40
Hungary 50 20 30 290 145 140
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 20 25 250 90 160
Italy 40 10 30 290 145 140
Netherlands 165 70 95 2,910 1,465 1,450
Poland 125 60 65 765 335 435
Portugal 30 15 15 150 80 70
Romania 95 30 60 530 235 300
Russian Federation 40 25 15 585 260 325
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 90 40 40
Ukraine 35 20 15 580 270 310
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,180 555 620 7,010 3,490 3,525
Other places of birth in Europe 330 145 185 2,175 1,010 1,160
Africa 200 95 110 1,710 850 855
Algeria 15 10 10 15 10 10
Egypt 0 0 0 110 70 45
Ethiopia 0 0 0 25 10 20
Kenya 25 10 10 170 80 90
Morocco 0 0 0 40 30 10
Nigeria 15 10 0 115 65 50
Somalia 0 0 0 0 0 10
South Africa, Republic of 55 30 30 645 310 335
Other places of birth in Africa 85 30 50 580 275 305
Asia 2,155 950 1,205 31,055 14,725 16,325
Afghanistan 0 0 0 50 30 20
Bangladesh 0 0 0 0 0 0
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 75 30 40 1,145 530 615
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 10 10 240 105 135
India 1,580 700 875 22,520 10,870 11,655
Iran