Census Profile, 2016 Census
Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 517,887  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,463,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 468,251  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,313,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 181,159  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,027,613  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 169,964  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,636.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 854.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 316.41  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,882.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 517,885 256,400 261,485 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 92,550 47,860 44,680 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 29,090 15,010 14,085 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 32,055 16,675 15,380 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 31,400 16,180 15,220 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 352,350 174,490 177,860 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 34,330 17,880 16,455 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 35,075 18,445 16,630 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 33,770 16,820 16,950 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 36,540 17,715 18,825 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 36,040 17,265 18,775 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 36,325 17,350 18,975 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 37,195 18,135 19,060 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 38,020 18,960 19,060 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 34,785 17,180 17,605 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 30,265 14,735 15,530 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 72,990 34,045 38,940 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 25,545 12,325 13,220 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 17,970 8,610 9,350 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 12,560 5,945 6,620 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 8,470 3,920 4,550 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 8,445 3,240 5,200 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 5,275 2,230 3,040 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 2,360 785 1,575 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 680 175 500 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 130 45 85 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.9 18.7 17.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.0 68.1 68.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.1 13.3 14.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.0 38.2 39.8 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.7 37.7 39.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 169,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 60,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 513,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 26,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 37,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 34,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 169,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 34,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 47,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 28,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 30,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 29,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 511,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,426,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 425,340 208,540 216,800 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 255,680 127,605 128,075 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 232,650 116,095 116,550 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 23,030 11,510 11,525 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 169,660 80,930 88,725 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 116,675 63,800 52,870 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 10,195 4,215 5,985 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 21,845 8,650 13,200 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 20,945 4,265 16,680 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 144,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 61,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 327,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 32,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 35,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 14,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 144,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 122,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 111,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 11,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 17,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 4,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 122,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 48,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 74,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 26,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 34,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 14,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 12,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 69,550 33,260 36,290 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 169,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 115,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 600,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 36,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 226,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 79,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 13,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 40,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 322,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 34,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 513,405 254,160 259,245 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 456,620 229,945 226,665 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 245 130 115 1,110 530 580
English and French 23,055 10,345 12,710 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 33,480 13,725 19,750 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 513,400 254,160 259,245 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 473,985 237,530 236,455 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,640 1,815 1,825 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,690 1,270 1,420 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 33,080 13,535 19,545 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,990 2,455 2,535 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 513,400 254,155 259,245 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 491,865 243,460 248,410 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 251,165 126,945 124,220 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 247,685 125,210 122,475 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,475 1,735 1,745 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 240,700 116,510 124,190 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 105 30 75 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 50 15 40 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 0 5 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 10 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 5 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 0 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 5 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 5 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 20 25
Siouan languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 5 5 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 240,600 116,480 124,120 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,190 3,690 3,500 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 780 370 405 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 165 95 75
Somali 755 365 395 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 6,385 3,305 3,080 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 305 150 160 1,140 560 585
Arabic 4,940 2,560 2,380 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 435 215 220 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 390 215 175 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 55 30 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 10 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 155 80 75 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,010 3,260 3,750 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 650 290 360 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 6,365 2,965 3,395 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 20,825 9,065 11,760 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 65 30 35 310 140 170
Cebuano 860 350 505 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 210 105 105 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 260 115 145 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 1,045 435 610 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 430 190 240 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110 50 60 635 290 345
Pangasinan 85 35 50 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 17,540 7,660 9,885 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 35 20 15 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 80 110 830 360 470
Creole languages 260 130 125 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 155 80 80 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,735 880 850 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 55 30 30 225 115 110
Malayalam 695 350 345 1,750 905 845
Tamil 790 405 385 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 170 95 80 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 35 20 15 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 157,060 77,565 79,500 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 315 160 155 1,090 560 530
Armenian 95 50 45 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 7,515 3,615 3,905 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 50 20 30 645 280 370
Latvian 25 15 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 25 5 15 325 130 200
Slavic languages 7,465 3,590 3,875 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 150 75 75 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 110 55 55 1,725 805 915
Croatian 670 335 335 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 450 210 240 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 10 5 5 250 120 135
Polish 2,515 1,245 1,270 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,795 830 965 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 470 250 220 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 85 50 40 1,145 545 600
Slovak 290 135 155 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 45 45 545 250 290
Ukrainian 800 345 455 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 40 20 25 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 125 65 60
Welsh 20 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,660 3,115 3,545 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 220 100 120 1,435 730 705
Danish 415 215 200 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,545 720 825 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 10 20 80 30 50
German 4,070 1,885 2,185 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 30 10 15 155 70 80
Norwegian 150 70 80 835 410 430
Swedish 135 60 75 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 25 15 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 600 310 285 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 131,600 65,300 66,300 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 128,070 63,475 64,595 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 685 350 335 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,485 740 745 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 13,260 6,345 6,915 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 65 30 40 225 110 110
Marathi 80 35 40 535 280 255
Nepali 410 215 200 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 106,100 52,785 53,315 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 210 105 100 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 680 335 340 1,455 730 725
Urdu 5,075 2,520 2,555 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,410 1,760 1,650 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 170 95 70 1,650 875 780
Pashto 525 280 245 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 2,710 1,385 1,335 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 10,235 5,005 5,230 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 10 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,335 715 620 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,435 660 770 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 715 365 350 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 6,730 3,250 3,485 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 1,075 385 690 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 8,065 3,770 4,300 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 340 145 200
Mongolian 20 15 10 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,030 535 495 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 185 115 75 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 50 30 20 80 45 30
Ewe 30 20 15 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 15 5 10 35 15 15
Ganda 15 10 5 65 35 30
Igbo 65 35 30 160 90 65
Lingala 20 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 10 25 105 45 55
Shona 45 15 25 150 70 85
Swahili 215 110 105 585 285 295
Wolof 0 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 85 55 35 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 95 120 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 55 265 135 135
Dinka 5 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 190 85 100
Sign languages 185 100 85 620 330 295
American Sign Language 70 35 35 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 115 65 45 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 33,570 15,880 17,690 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 32,780 15,480 17,305 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 7,095 3,350 3,740 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 215 100 115 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 22,885 10,790 12,095 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 25 15 10 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,320 630 690 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 165 175 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 865 415 450 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 400 390 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 335 185 150 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 335 160 175 770 370 400
Tibetan 60 25 35 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 780 340 435 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 525 270 255 800 405 400
Thai 250 65 190 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 390 205 185 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 20 10 5 495 275 225
Turkish 260 145 115 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 60 30 35 165 80 85
Uzbek 20 10 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,170 545 625 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 60 30 30 455 195 260
Finnish 240 105 135 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 870 410 455 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 45 365 200 170
Multiple responses 21,540 10,695 10,840 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 775 380 395 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 20,190 10,050 10,145 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 270 135 135 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 295 135 160 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 513,400 254,155 259,245 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 459,485 227,590 231,885 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 305,320 152,610 152,710 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 304,195 152,030 152,170 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,125 585 540 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 154,160 74,980 79,175 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 154,145 74,980 79,170 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,770 2,375 2,400 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 455 200 255 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 445 190 255 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 4,315 2,175 2,140 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 135 60 75 535 250 290
Arabic 3,450 1,740 1,710 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 150 150 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 280 150 125 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 75 35 35 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,560 2,130 2,430 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 395 190 210 620 290 330
Vietnamese 4,165 1,940 2,220 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 9,225 4,235 4,985 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 15 5 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 305 130 170 1,085 485 600
Fijian 60 40 30 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 60 30 30 355 150 205
Ilocano 345 155 185 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 110 50 60 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15 135 65 75
Pangasinan 15 10 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,240 3,785 4,455 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 260 130 130
Creole languages 150 70 80 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 105 50 60 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 885 440 445 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 365 180 180 885 450 435
Tamil 410 200 210 1,935 965 965
Telugu 80 45 40 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 100,595 49,680 50,920 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 200 90 100 530 255 270
Armenian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 5 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 70 35 40 540 270 270
Bulgarian 50 30 20 925 425 495
Croatian 190 90 100 1,795 840 955
Czech 135 65 65 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 1,030 505 525 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,035 505 530 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 205 110 95 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 435 205 235
Slovak 85 40 40 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 250 110 140 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 665 300 365 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 100 45 60 520 250 265
Danish 25 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 105 45 65 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 390 180 210 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 15 5 10 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 190 100 90 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 91,725 45,365 46,360 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 89,565 44,275 45,295 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 410 210 200 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 735 340 395 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 6,885 3,280 3,605 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 30 15 15 245 125 120
Nepali 245 120 120 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 77,615 38,520 39,090 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 80 40 45 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 290 140 150 595 290 305
Urdu 3,260 1,600 1,655 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 2,065 1,045 1,025 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 110 60 45 1,025 515 505
Pashto 315 160 155 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 820 820 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 4,695 2,300 2,395 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 0 60 30 35
Italian 240 110 125 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 510 240 270 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 310 155 155 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 3,630 1,790 1,835 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 450 190 260 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 6,435 3,015 3,420 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 10 5 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 340 155 185 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 70 40 30 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 15 10 5 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 0 10 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 20 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 85 35 55 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 15 25 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 60 20 40
Sign languages 230 120 105 830 460 370
American Sign Language 85 40 45 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 80 65 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,545 12,120 13,430 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 24,905 11,790 13,115 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 4,620 2,180 2,440 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 60 25 35 670 280 390
Mandarin 18,820 8,910 9,910 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 300 330 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 195 90 100 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 555 265 285 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 325 310 1,630 820 810
Burmese 285 155 130 685 350 335
Karenic languages 310 155 160 685 335 350
Tibetan 25 15 15 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 1,015 435 580
Lao 270 135 135 335 160 175
Thai 105 40 65 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 180 95 85 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 125 65 55 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 30 15 15 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 10 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 300 135 165 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 20 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 45 20 25 435 190 240
Hungarian 240 115 130 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 110 50 60
Multiple responses 53,920 26,565 27,355 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 525 245 285 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 52,775 26,050 26,725 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 120 45 70 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 500 225 280 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 513,400 254,160 259,245 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 395,270 196,135 199,135 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 57,240 28,705 28,530 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 2,525 1,150 1,375 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 56,675 27,335 29,340 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 95 40 55 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 56,580 27,295 29,285 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 200 100 100 965 435 530
English and non-official language 1,100 540 560 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 375 180 195 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 10 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 419,060 205,495 213,570 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 397,735 195,290 202,440 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,822 36,533 24,663 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 398,230 195,735 202,495 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,200 32,228 23,441 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,505 176,850 172,655 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 37,122 23,748 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 285,365 122,180 163,185 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,266 1,478 4,330 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 301,705 156,635 145,070 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,804 37,394 25,015 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 419,065 205,530 213,540 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 397,880 195,320 202,560 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,978 47,640 32,589 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 398,370 195,760 202,605 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,815 39,183 28,628 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 350,080 176,880 173,200 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,195 48,434 31,782 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 285,325 122,325 163,000 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,430 6,033 6,728 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 301,705 156,380 145,325 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,014 47,626 31,823 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 419,065 205,525 213,540 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 124,605 72,975 51,630 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,026 55,725 44,357 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,318 66,016 49,850 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.5 92.1 83.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.6 79.6 69.8 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.5 7.9 16.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 419,065 205,495 213,570 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 21,330 10,205 11,125 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 397,735 195,295 202,445 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 69,415 28,885 40,535 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 76,230 31,215 45,015 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 54,095 23,260 30,840 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 46,405 21,720 24,690 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 39,630 19,750 19,880 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 30,080 16,185 13,890 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 22,130 13,355 8,775 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 15,900 10,105 5,790 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 12,205 7,815 4,400 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 8,375 5,565 2,815 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 23,265 17,445 5,820 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 16,225 11,865 4,360 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 7,040 5,580 1,460 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 419,065 205,495 213,570 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 20,830 9,760 11,070 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 398,230 195,735 202,495 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.3 94.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,655 30,315 41,335 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 79,805 33,255 46,555 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 64,300 28,495 35,805 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 54,050 26,070 27,975 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 42,865 22,185 20,685 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 29,110 17,155 11,955 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 19,245 12,240 7,005 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 13,140 8,310 4,835 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 24,065 17,720 6,345 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 7,915 5,410 2,510 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,725 3,505 1,220 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 11,420 8,805 2,615 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 419,065 205,495 213,570 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 117,355 48,860 68,500 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 301,710 156,635 145,070 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.0 76.2 67.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,110 18,615 22,490 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 24,800 10,380 14,425 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 44,505 19,570 24,935 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 37,220 17,150 20,065 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 34,510 16,805 17,705 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 30,535 15,565 14,970 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 23,420 13,180 10,240 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 17,575 11,210 6,365 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 12,945 8,490 4,455 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 35,085 25,660 9,425 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 10,220 6,655 3,565 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 6,800 4,735 2,065 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 18,065 14,270 3,795 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 169,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 34,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 135,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,548  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 169,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,586  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,256  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 34,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,166  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 135,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 169,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 61,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 332,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 11,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 169,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 47,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 256,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 15,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 132,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 653,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,793  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,901  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 35,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,991  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,731  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 73,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,953  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,352  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 131,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 652,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,987  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,838  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 35,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,517  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 73,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,698  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,818  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,188  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 52,060 26,955 25,105 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,548 32,897 30,263 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,501 29,419 27,643 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 51,935 26,555 25,385 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,475 40,766 38,124 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,616 34,316 32,884 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 511,540 253,320 258,220 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 263,500 128,320 135,180 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 53,940 26,540 27,400 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 49,270 23,365 25,905 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 51,145 24,800 26,350 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 54,560 26,650 27,905 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 54,580 26,960 27,615 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 248,040 125,000 123,035 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 54,190 26,860 27,335 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 53,400 26,775 26,620 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 52,060 26,370 25,685 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 48,155 24,395 23,760 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 40,240 20,600 19,640 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 511,540 253,325 258,215 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 112,320 58,195 54,120 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 35,185 18,145 17,040 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 330,060 162,380 167,680 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 69,165 32,745 36,420 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 75,640 36,500 39,145 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 21,985 11,355 10,625 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 6,795 3,440 3,350 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 44,940 21,345 23,600 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 8,715 3,795 4,915 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.4 15.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.6 19.5 19.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.0 19.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.1 14.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.6 11.6 13.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 60,260 29,565 30,695 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 16,925 8,705 8,225 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 5,170 2,595 2,575 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 38,355 18,710 19,645 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 4,980 2,150 2,825 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.7 11.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.0 15.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.5 11.7 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 7.2 6.6 7.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 511,540 253,265 258,275 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 478,215 239,765 238,450 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 478,010 239,640 238,370 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 22,960 10,450 12,510 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 287,750 139,540 148,210 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 225 80 140 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 95 30 65 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 20 25 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 20 10 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 10 35 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 45 10 30 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 10 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 20 20 10 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 10 10 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 45 10 30 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 10 0 10 20 15 10
Okanagan 35 15 20 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 15 0 10 100 45 55
Haisla 10 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 287,525 139,460 148,070 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,070 4,570 4,500 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 30 10 20 125 80 45
Kabyle 25 10 15 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,055 460 600 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 15 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 1,045 455 590 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 8,065 4,130 3,935 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 505 240 265 1,755 905 855
Arabic 6,835 3,510 3,320 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 480 245 235 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 475 240 235 545 270 275
Harari 10 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 220 135 80 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 55 15 40 165 90 80
Tigrigna 220 135 85 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 110 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,750 4,205 4,545 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 770 350 425 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 8,025 3,880 4,145 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 26,440 11,550 14,885 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 115 50 60 495 205 285
Cebuano 1,180 445 730 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 540 320 225 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 335 175 160 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 1,285 495 785 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 1,010 425 590 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 140 70 70 775 350 430
Pangasinan 95 45 50 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 24,320 10,560 13,760 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 65 35 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 125 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 735 385 355 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 460 235 225 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 140 135 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,575 1,375 1,205 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 105 35 65 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,020 555 470 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,315 705 610 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 290 170 120 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 191,080 94,570 96,515 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 445 205 240 1,135 580 555
Armenian 160 95 65 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 8,790 4,340 4,450 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 35 20 20 635 310 325
Latvian 20 15 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 0 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 8,760 4,330 4,430 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 270 135 135 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 185 80 105 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 870 445 425 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 540 255 290 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 25 10 10 345 180 160
Polish 2,830 1,420 1,415 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,490 1,225 1,265 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 650 340 305 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 40 1,240 595 645
Slovak 390 185 205 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 70 50 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,060 450 605 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 250 120 125
Celtic languages 85 40 50 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 50 30 15 350 225 120
Welsh 25 10 25 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 8,745 4,080 4,665 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 585 260 320 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 390 165 225 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,815 840 980 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 35 20 20 120 55 65
German 5,675 2,705 2,965 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 15 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 190 90 100 1,405 730 680
Swedish 300 135 170 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 220 125 100
Yiddish 25 15 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 900 475 430 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 157,915 78,645 79,265 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 154,075 76,740 77,340 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 980 485 495 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,060 995 1,065 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 39,080 18,940 20,140 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 70 35 35 375 185 190
Marathi 165 80 90 1,275 650 625
Nepali 465 225 240 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 128,515 64,430 64,090 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 380 195 185 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 445 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 7,950 4,050 3,900 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 4,295 2,150 2,145 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 315 175 140 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 795 430 365 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 3,485 1,735 1,750 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 15,840 7,670 8,170 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,170 1,180 995 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,930 875 1,060 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 840 450 390 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 11,310 5,340 5,965 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 2,035 910 1,125 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 10 90 50 45
Korean 8,915 4,165 4,745 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 55 35 20 320 155 170
Mongolian 55 30 20 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,870 960 910 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 240 140 95 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 75 40 30 115 65 55
Ewe 45 30 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 65 40 25 95 60 35
Ganda 30 15 10 105 60 45
Igbo 90 45 35 240 140 95
Lingala 90 45 50 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 50 210 95 115
Shona 60 30 25 265 125 140
Swahili 620 350 270 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 255 125 125 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 450 180 270 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 30 300 150 150
Dinka 10 15 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 250 120 135
Sign languages 645 195 445 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 315 75 240 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 355 130 215 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 37,450 17,735 19,715 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 36,485 17,235 19,250 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 9,360 4,395 4,960 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 275 130 150 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 28,980 13,620 15,360 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 10 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,865 885 980 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 385 170 215 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 840 385 460 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,020 525 495 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 475 255 220 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 495 235 265 905 455 450
Tibetan 90 55 35 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 450 565 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 690 335 350 1,125 505 620
Thai 415 145 265 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 465 250 215 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 395 220 175 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 35 15 25 105 50 55
Uzbek 25 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,510 700 810 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 80 35 45 495 205 295
Finnish 295 125 175 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,140 540 595 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 511,540 253,265 258,275 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 439,690 218,815 220,870 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 102,480 53,305 49,175 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 337,215 165,515 171,700 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 71,850 34,445 37,405 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 511,540 253,265 258,275 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 281,190 142,415 138,775 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 220,155 105,615 114,540 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 37,055 18,325 18,725 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 25,490 12,275 13,220 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 52,570 25,120 27,455 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 68,700 32,460 36,235 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 32,005 14,965 17,040 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 36,695 17,500 19,200 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 36,340 17,435 18,905 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10,195 5,235 4,960 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 220,155 105,615 114,535 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 16,360 8,585 7,780 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 31,945 16,425 15,520 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 55,145 24,875 30,280 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 83,940 40,600 43,340 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 32,755 15,135 17,625 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 220,155 105,615 114,540 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 11,340 5,300 6,045 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 330 125 210 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 650 290 360 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,385 745 645 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 205 90 115 920 415 500
Haiti 85 30 55 265 110 160
Jamaica 615 335 280 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 890 355 540 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 320 160 155 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 385 185 200 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,915 1,780 2,135 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,560 1,205 1,360 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 25,910 12,925 12,990 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 450 230 220 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 500 255 250 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 245 100 145 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,450 1,195 1,255 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 420 220 200 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 715 370 340 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 340 180 155 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 940 510 430 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,355 690 660 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,235 1,110 1,125 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 810 400 410 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 700 360 340 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 780 310 460 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 310 155 150 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 710 365 345 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,655 4,875 4,775 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 3,300 1,585 1,715 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 7,000 3,545 3,450 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 85 60 30 430 270 150
Egypt 355 175 180 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 455 220 240 1,665 835 825
Kenya 705 370 340 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 180 90 95 730 385 340
Nigeria 585 310 275 1,205 630 575
Somalia 600 270 330 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,010 495 515 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 3,010 1,555 1,455 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 166,110 79,380 86,730 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,660 800 860 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 615 310 305 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 18,490 8,650 9,840 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,370 1,095 1,275 71,715 32,945 38,770