Census Profile, 2016 Census
Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and McMillan Island 6, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
McMillan Island 6, IRI
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : McMillan Island 6, Indian reserve [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 517,887 ... ... 94 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 468,251 ... ... 68 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.6 ... ... 38.2 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 181,159 ... ... 32 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 169,964 ... ... 32 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,636.8 ... ... 52.7 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 316.41 ... ... 1.78 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 517,885 256,400 261,485 95 45 45
0 to 14 years 92,550 47,860 44,680 20 10 10
0 to 4 years 29,090 15,010 14,085 5 5 5
5 to 9 years 32,055 16,675 15,380 5 5 0
10 to 14 years 31,400 16,180 15,220 10 5 0
15 to 64 years 352,350 174,490 177,860 60 30 30
15 to 19 years 34,330 17,880 16,455 10 0 5
20 to 24 years 35,075 18,445 16,630 5 5 0
25 to 29 years 33,770 16,820 16,950 10 0 5
30 to 34 years 36,540 17,715 18,825 0 0 0
35 to 39 years 36,040 17,265 18,775 5 5 0
40 to 44 years 36,325 17,350 18,975 5 0 5
45 to 49 years 37,195 18,135 19,060 10 0 5
50 to 54 years 38,020 18,960 19,060 10 5 5
55 to 59 years 34,785 17,180 17,605 10 0 5
60 to 64 years 30,265 14,735 15,530 0 0 0
65 years and over 72,990 34,045 38,940 15 10 5
65 to 69 years 25,545 12,325 13,220 0 5 0
70 to 74 years 17,970 8,610 9,350 5 0 5
75 to 79 years 12,560 5,945 6,620 5 0 5
80 to 84 years 8,470 3,920 4,550 0 0 0
85 years and over 8,445 3,240 5,200 0 0 0
85 to 89 years 5,275 2,230 3,040 0 0 0
90 to 94 years 2,360 785 1,575 0 0 0
95 to 99 years 680 175 500 0 0 0
100 years and over 130 45 85 0 0 0
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.9 18.7 17.1 21.1 22.2 22.2
15 to 64 years 68.0 68.1 68.0 63.2 66.7 66.7
65 years and over 14.1 13.3 14.9 15.8 22.2 11.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Average age of the population 39.0 38.2 39.8 36.9 38.2 35.4
Median age of the population 38.7 37.7 39.6 37.5 38.0 35.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 169,965 ... ... 35 ... ...
Single-detached house 60,195 ... ... 30 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,055 ... ... 0 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,375 ... ... 0 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,495 ... ... 0 ... ...
Row house 26,630 ... ... 5 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 37,535 ... ... 0 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 34,560 ... ... 0 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ... 0 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,345 ... ... 0 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 169,965 ... ... 35 ... ...
1 person 34,515 ... ... 0 ... ...
2 persons 47,115 ... ... 15 ... ...
3 persons 28,225 ... ... 5 ... ...
4 persons 30,595 ... ... 5 ... ...
5 or more persons 29,510 ... ... 0 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 511,540 ... ... 90 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 425,340 208,540 216,800 75 40 35
Married or living common law 255,680 127,605 128,075 30 15 15
Married 232,650 116,095 116,550 20 10 5
Living common law 23,030 11,510 11,525 15 5 5
Not married and not living common law 169,660 80,930 88,725 40 25 20
Never married 116,675 63,800 52,870 25 20 10
Separated 10,195 4,215 5,985 5 0 5
Divorced 21,845 8,650 13,200 5 0 5
Widowed 20,945 4,265 16,680 0 0 5
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 144,495 ... ... 30 ... ...
2 persons 61,060 ... ... 20 ... ...
3 persons 32,880 ... ... 0 ... ...
4 persons 35,880 ... ... 5 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,680 ... ... 0 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 144,500 ... ... 30 ... ...
Total couple families 122,895 ... ... 15 ... ...
Married couples 111,380 ... ... 5 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,515 ... ... 10 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,605 ... ... 15 ... ...
Female parent 17,335 ... ... 5 ... ...
Male parent 4,270 ... ... 5 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 122,895 ... ... 15 ... ...
Couples without children 48,180 ... ... 5 ... ...
Couples with children 74,715 ... ... 5 ... ...
1 child 26,570 ... ... 5 ... ...
2 children 34,060 ... ... 0 ... ...
3 or more children 14,090 ... ... 0 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,600 ... ... 15 ... ...
1 child 12,880 ... ... 10 ... ...
2 children 6,315 ... ... 0 ... ...
3 or more children 2,405 ... ... 0 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 69,550 33,260 36,290 10 10 0
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 169,965 ... ... 35 ... ...
One-census-family households 115,660 ... ... 30 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 36,060 ... ... 5 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 79,605 ... ... 20 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 13,545 ... ... 0 ... ...
Non-census-family households 40,755 ... ... 5 ... ...
One-person households 34,515 ... ... 5 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,240 ... ... 0 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 513,405 254,160 259,245 90 50 45
English only 456,620 229,945 226,665 90 50 45
French only 245 130 115 0 0 0
English and French 23,055 10,345 12,710 0 5 0
Neither English nor French 33,480 13,725 19,750 0 0 0
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 513,400 254,160 259,245 90 45 45
English 473,985 237,530 236,455 95 50 45
French 3,640 1,815 1,825 0 0 0
English and French 2,690 1,270 1,420 0 0 0
Neither English nor French 33,080 13,535 19,545 0 0 0
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,990 2,455 2,535 0 0 0
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 513,400 254,155 259,245 95 50 45
Single responses 491,865 243,460 248,410 90 50 45
Official languages 251,165 126,945 124,220 95 45 45
English 247,685 125,210 122,475 95 45 45
French 3,475 1,735 1,745 0 0 0
Non-official languages 240,700 116,510 124,190 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages 105 30 75 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 50 15 40 0 0 0
Blackfoot 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 10 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 5 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 240,600 116,480 124,120 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,190 3,690 3,500 0 0 0
Berber languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 0 5 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 780 370 405 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 0 0 0
Somali 755 365 395 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 6,385 3,305 3,080 0 0 0
Amharic 305 150 160 0 0 0
Arabic 4,940 2,560 2,380 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 435 215 220 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 390 215 175 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 30 25 0 0 0
Maltese 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 155 80 75 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,010 3,260 3,750 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 650 290 360 0 0 0
Vietnamese 6,365 2,965 3,395 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 20,825 9,065 11,760 0 0 0
Bikol 65 30 35 0 0 0
Cebuano 860 350 505 0 0 0
Fijian 210 105 105 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 260 115 145 0 0 0
Ilocano 1,045 435 610 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 430 190 240 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110 50 60 0 0 0
Pangasinan 85 35 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 17,540 7,660 9,885 0 0 0
Waray-Waray 35 20 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 80 110 0 0 0
Creole languages 260 130 125 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 155 80 80 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,735 880 850 0 0 0
Kannada 55 30 30 0 0 0
Malayalam 695 350 345 0 0 0
Tamil 790 405 385 0 0 0
Telugu 170 95 80 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 35 20 15 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 157,060 77,565 79,500 0 0 0
Albanian 315 160 155 0 0 0
Armenian 95 50 45 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 7,515 3,615 3,905 0 0 0
Baltic languages 50 20 30 0 0 0
Latvian 25 15 10 0 0 0
Lithuanian 25 5 15 0 0 0
Slavic languages 7,465 3,590 3,875 0 0 0
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 150 75 75 0 0 0
Bulgarian 110 55 55 0 0 0
Croatian 670 335 335 0 0 0
Czech 450 210 240 0 0 0
Macedonian 10 5 5 0 0 0
Polish 2,515 1,245 1,270 0 0 0
Russian 1,795 830 965 0 0 0
Serbian 470 250 220 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 85 50 40 0 0 0
Slovak 290 135 155 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 45 45 0 0 0
Ukrainian 800 345 455 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Celtic languages 40 20 25 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 0 0 0
Welsh 20 5 10 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages 6,660 3,115 3,545 0 0 0
Afrikaans 220 100 120 0 0 0
Danish 415 215 200 0 0 0
Dutch 1,545 720 825 0 0 0
Frisian 30 10 20 0 0 0
German 4,070 1,885 2,185 0 0 0
Icelandic 30 10 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 150 70 80 0 0 0
Swedish 135 60 75 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 25 15 0 0 0
Yiddish 15 5 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 600 310 285 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 131,600 65,300 66,300 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages 128,070 63,475 64,595 0 0 0
Bengali 685 350 335 0 0 0
Gujarati 1,485 740 745 0 0 0
Hindi 13,260 6,345 6,915 0 0 0
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 65 30 40 0 0 0
Marathi 80 35 40 0 0 0
Nepali 410 215 200 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 106,100 52,785 53,315 0 0 0
Sindhi 210 105 100 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 680 335 340 0 0 0
Urdu 5,075 2,520 2,555 0 0 0
Iranian languages 3,410 1,760 1,650 0 0 0
Kurdish 170 95 70 0 0 0
Pashto 525 280 245 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 2,710 1,385 1,335 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 10,235 5,005 5,230 0 0 0
Catalan 10 10 5 0 0 0
Italian 1,335 715 620 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,435 660 770 0 0 0
Romanian 715 365 350 0 0 0
Spanish 6,730 3,250 3,485 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 1,075 385 690 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 0 0 0 0
Korean 8,065 3,770 4,300 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 0 0 0
Mongolian 20 15 10 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,030 535 495 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 185 115 75 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 50 30 20 0 0 0
Ewe 30 20 15 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 10 0 0 0
Ganda 15 10 5 0 0 0
Igbo 65 35 30 0 0 0
Lingala 20 10 10 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 10 25 0 0 0
Shona 45 15 25 0 0 0
Swahili 215 110 105 0 0 0
Wolof 0 5 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 85 55 35 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 95 120 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 55 0 0 0
Dinka 5 5 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 0 0 0
Sign languages 185 100 85 0 0 0
American Sign Language 70 35 35 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 115 65 45 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 33,570 15,880 17,690 0 0 0
Chinese languages 32,780 15,480 17,305 0 0 0
Cantonese 7,095 3,350 3,740 0 0 0
Hakka 215 100 115 0 0 0
Mandarin 22,885 10,790 12,095 0 0 0
Min Dong 25 15 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,320 630 690 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 165 175 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 865 415 450 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 400 390 0 0 0
Burmese 335 185 150 0 0 0
Karenic languages 335 160 175 0 0 0
Tibetan 60 25 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 780 340 435 0 0 0
Lao 525 270 255 0 0 0
Thai 250 65 190 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 390 205 185 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 20 10 5 0 0 0
Turkish 260 145 115 0 0 0
Uyghur 60 30 35 0 0 0
Uzbek 20 10 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 0 0 0
Uralic languages 1,170 545 625 0 0 0
Estonian 60 30 30 0 0 0
Finnish 240 105 135 0 0 0
Hungarian 870 410 455 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 45 0 0 0
Multiple responses 21,540 10,695 10,840 0 0 0
English and French 775 380 395 0 0 0
English and non-official language 20,190 10,050 10,145 0 0 0
French and non-official language 270 135 135 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 295 135 160 0 0 0
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 513,400 254,155 259,245 95 50 45
Single responses 459,485 227,590 231,885 90 50 45
Official languages 305,320 152,610 152,710 90 50 45
English 304,195 152,030 152,170 95 50 40
French 1,125 585 540 0 0 0
Non-official languages 154,160 74,980 79,175 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 154,145 74,980 79,170 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,770 2,375 2,400 0 0 0
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 455 200 255 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 0 0 0
Somali 445 190 255 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,315 2,175 2,140 0 0 0
Amharic 135 60 75 0 0 0
Arabic 3,450 1,740 1,710 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 150 150 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 280 150 125 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 5 0 0 0
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 75 35 35 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,560 2,130 2,430 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 395 190 210 0 0 0
Vietnamese 4,165 1,940 2,220 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,225 4,235 4,985 0 0 0
Bikol 15 5 5 0 0 0
Cebuano 305 130 170 0 0 0
Fijian 60 40 30 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 60 30 30 0 0 0
Ilocano 345 155 185 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 110 50 60 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15 0 0 0
Pangasinan 15 10 10 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,240 3,785 4,455 0 0 0
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 0 0 0
Creole languages 150 70 80 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 105 50 60 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 885 440 445 0 0 0
Kannada 25 10 10 0 0 0
Malayalam 365 180 180 0 0 0
Tamil 410 200 210 0 0 0
Telugu 80 45 40 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 100,595 49,680 50,920 0 0 0
Albanian 200 90 100 0 0 0
Armenian 35 15 20 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 0 0 0
Baltic languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 0 0 0
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 70 35 40 0 0 0
Bulgarian 50 30 20 0 0 0
Croatian 190 90 100 0 0 0
Czech 135 65 65 0 0 0
Macedonian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Polish 1,030 505 525 0 0 0
Russian 1,035 505 530 0 0 0
Serbian 205 110 95 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 0 0 0
Slovak 85 40 40 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ukrainian 250 110 140 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 665 300 365 0 0 0
Afrikaans 100 45 60 0 0 0
Danish 25 10 10 0 0 0
Dutch 105 45 65 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 390 180 210 0 0 0
Icelandic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 5 10 0 0 0
Swedish 10 5 5 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 190 100 90 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 91,725 45,365 46,360 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages 89,565 44,275 45,295 0 0 0
Bengali 410 210 200 0 0 0
Gujarati 735 340 395 0 0 0
Hindi 6,885 3,280 3,605 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 0 0 0
Marathi 30 15 15 0 0 0
Nepali 245 120 120 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 77,615 38,520 39,090 0 0 0
Sindhi 80 40 45 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 290 140 150 0 0 0
Urdu 3,260 1,600 1,655 0 0 0
Iranian languages 2,065 1,045 1,025 0 0 0
Kurdish 110 60 45 0 0 0
Pashto 315 160 155 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 820 820 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 4,695 2,300 2,395 0 0 0
Catalan 5 5 0 0 0 0
Italian 240 110 125 0 0 0
Portuguese 510 240 270 0 0 0
Romanian 310 155 155 0 0 0
Spanish 3,630 1,790 1,835 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 450 190 260 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 6,435 3,015 3,420 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 10 5 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 340 155 185 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 70 40 30 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 15 10 5 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 10 0 10 0 0 0
Lingala 10 5 10 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 20 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 0 0 0
Shona 10 5 5 0 0 0
Swahili 85 35 55 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 20 10 10 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 15 25 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 0 0 0
Sign languages 230 120 105 0 0 0
American Sign Language 85 40 45 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 80 65 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,545 12,120 13,430 0 0 0
Chinese languages 24,905 11,790 13,115 0 0 0
Cantonese 4,620 2,180 2,440 0 0 0
Hakka 60 25 35 0 0 0
Mandarin 18,820 8,910 9,910 0 0 0
Min Dong 0 0 5 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 300 330 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 195 90 100 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 555 265 285 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 325 310 0 0 0
Burmese 285 155 130 0 0 0
Karenic languages 310 155 160 0 0 0
Tibetan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 0 0 0
Lao 270 135 135 0 0 0
Thai 105 40 65 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 180 95 85 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 0 0 0
Turkish 125 65 55 0 0 0
Uyghur 30 15 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 10 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 300 135 165 0 0 0
Estonian 20 5 10 0 0 0
Finnish 45 20 25 0 0 0
Hungarian 240 115 130 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 0 0 0
Multiple responses 53,920 26,565 27,355 0 0 5
English and French 525 245 285 0 0 0
English and non-official language 52,775 26,050 26,725 0 0 5
French and non-official language 120 45 70 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 500 225 280 0 0 0
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 513,400 254,160 259,245 90 45 45
None 395,270 196,135 199,135 90 50 45
English 57,240 28,705 28,530 0 0 0
French 2,525 1,150 1,375 0 0 0
Non-official language 56,675 27,335 29,340 0 0 0
Aboriginal 95 40 55 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal 56,580 27,295 29,285 0 0 0
English and French 200 100 100 0 0 0
English and non-official language 1,100 540 560 0 0 0
French and non-official language 375 180 195 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 10 10 10 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 419,060 205,495 213,570 70 40 35
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 397,735 195,290 202,440 x x x
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,822 36,533 24,663 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 398,230 195,735 202,495 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,200 32,228 23,441 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,505 176,850 172,655 x x x
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 37,122 23,748 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 285,365 122,180 163,185 x x x
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,266 1,478 4,330 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 301,705 156,635 145,070 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,804 37,394 25,015 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 419,065 205,530 213,540 80 45 40
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 397,880 195,320 202,560 x x x
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,978 47,640 32,589 x x x
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 398,370 195,760 202,605 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,815 39,183 28,628 x x x
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 350,080 176,880 173,200 x x x
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,195 48,434 31,782 x x x
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 285,325 122,325 163,000 x x x
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,430 6,033 6,728 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 301,705 156,380 145,325 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,014 47,626 31,823 x x x
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 419,065 205,525 213,540 x x x
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 124,605 72,975 51,630 x x x
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,026 55,725 44,357 x x x
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,318 66,016 49,850 x x x
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 x x x
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.5 92.1 83.4 x x x
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.6 79.6 69.8 x x x
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.5 7.9 16.6 x x x
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 419,065 205,495 213,570 x x x
Without total income 21,330 10,205 11,125 x x x
With total income 397,735 195,295 202,445 x x x
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.8 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 69,415 28,885 40,535 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 76,230 31,215 45,015 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 54,095 23,260 30,840 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 46,405 21,720 24,690 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 39,630 19,750 19,880 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 30,080 16,185 13,890 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 22,130 13,355 8,775 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 15,900 10,105 5,790 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 12,205 7,815 4,400 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 8,375 5,565 2,815 x x x
$100,000 and over 23,265 17,445 5,820 x x x
$100,000 to $149,999 16,225 11,865 4,360 x x x
$150,000 and over 7,040 5,580 1,460 x x x
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 419,065 205,495 213,570 x x x
Without after-tax income 20,830 9,760 11,070 x x x
With after-tax income 398,230 195,735 202,495 x x x
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.3 94.8 x x x
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,655 30,315 41,335 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 79,805 33,255 46,555 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 64,300 28,495 35,805 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 54,050 26,070 27,975 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 42,865 22,185 20,685 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 29,110 17,155 11,955 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 19,245 12,240 7,005 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 13,140 8,310 4,835 x x x
$80,000 and over 24,065 17,720 6,345 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 7,915 5,410 2,510 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 4,725 3,505 1,220 x x x
$100,000 and over 11,420 8,805 2,615 x x x
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 419,065 205,495 213,570 x x x
Without employment income 117,355 48,860 68,500 x x x
With employment income 301,710 156,635 145,070 x x x
Percentage with employment income 72.0 76.2 67.9 x x x
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,110 18,615 22,490 x x x
$5,000 to $9,999 24,800 10,380 14,425 x x x
$10,000 to $19,999 44,505 19,570 24,935 x x x
$20,000 to $29,999 37,220 17,150 20,065 x x x
$30,000 to $39,999 34,510 16,805 17,705 x x x
$40,000 to $49,999 30,535 15,565 14,970 x x x
$50,000 to $59,999 23,420 13,180 10,240 x x x
$60,000 to $69,999 17,575 11,210 6,365 x x x
$70,000 to $79,999 12,945 8,490 4,455 x x x
$80,000 and over 35,085 25,660 9,425 x x x
$80,000 to $89,999 10,220 6,655 3,565 x x x
$90,000 to $99,999 6,800 4,735 2,065 x x x
$100,000 and over 18,065 14,270 3,795 x x x
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 169,965 ... ... 30 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,494 ... ... 56,192 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,060 ... ... 54,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 34,515 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,675 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,381 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 135,445 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,657 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,548 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 169,965 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,586 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,256 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 34,500 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,234 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,166 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 135,465 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,900 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,720 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 169,965 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 3,065 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,950 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,975 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,235 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,585 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,820 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,990 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,400 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,490 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,550 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,000 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,310 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,340 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,095 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,675 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 61,475 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,385 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,075 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,450 ... ... x ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,570 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 169,965 ... ... x ... ...
Under $5,000 3,255 ... ... x ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,985 ... ... x ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,030 ... ... x ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,435 ... ... x ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,340 ... ... x ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,915 ... ... x ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,340 ... ... x ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,650 ... ... x ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,985 ... ... x ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,785 ... ... x ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,970 ... ... x ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,950 ... ... x ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,175 ... ... x ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,775 ... ... x ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,275 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,105 ... ... x ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,380 ... ... x ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,780 ... ... x ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,950 ... ... x ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 132,070 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,793 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,901 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 35,330 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,991 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,731 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 73,685 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,953 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,865 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,180 ... ... x ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,135 ... ... x ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,352 ... ... x ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 131,980 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,987 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,838 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 35,250 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,517 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,370 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 73,805 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,698 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,378 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,050 ... ... x ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,818 ... ... x ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,188 ... ... x ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 52,060 26,955 25,105 x x x
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,548 32,897 30,263 x x x
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,501 29,419 27,643 x x x
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 51,935 26,555 25,385 x x x
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,475 40,766 38,124 x x x
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,616 34,316 32,884 x x x
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 511,540 253,320 258,220 x x x
In the bottom half of the distribution 263,500 128,320 135,180 x x x
In the bottom decile 53,940 26,540 27,400 x x x
In the second decile 49,270 23,365 25,905 x x x
In the third decile 51,145 24,800 26,350 x x x
In the fourth decile 54,560 26,650 27,905 x x x
In the fifth decile 54,580 26,960 27,615 x x x
In the top half of the distribution 248,040 125,000 123,035 x x x
In the sixth decile 54,190 26,860 27,335 x x x
In the seventh decile 53,400 26,775 26,620 x x x
In the eighth decile 52,060 26,370 25,685 x x x
In the ninth decile 48,155 24,395 23,760 x x x
In the top decile 40,240 20,600 19,640 x x x
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 511,540 253,325 258,215 x x x
0 to 17 years 112,320 58,195 54,120 x x x
0 to 5 years 35,185 18,145 17,040 x x x
18 to 64 years 330,060 162,380 167,680 x x x
65 years and over 69,165 32,745 36,420 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 75,640 36,500 39,145 x x x
0 to 17 years 21,985 11,355 10,625 x x x
0 to 5 years 6,795 3,440 3,350 x x x
18 to 64 years 44,940 21,345 23,600 x x x
65 years and over 8,715 3,795 4,915 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.4 15.2 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 19.6 19.5 19.6 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.0 19.7 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.1 14.1 x x x
65 years and over (%) 12.6 11.6 13.5 x x x
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 60,260 29,565 30,695 x x x
0 to 17 years 16,925 8,705 8,225 x x x
0 to 5 years 5,170 2,595 2,575 x x x
18 to 64 years 38,355 18,710 19,645 x x x
65 years and over 4,980 2,150 2,825 x x x
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.7 11.9 x x x
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.0 15.2 x x x
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 x x x
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.5 11.7 x x x
65 years and over (%) 7.2 6.6 7.8 x x x
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 511,540 253,265 258,275 100 50 45
Official languages 478,215 239,765 238,450 105 50 50
English 478,010 239,640 238,370 100 55 50
French 22,960 10,450 12,510 0 0 0
Non-official languages 287,750 139,540 148,210 10 10 10
Aboriginal languages 225 80 140 10 10 10
Algonquian languages 95 30 65 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 20 25 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 20 10 10 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 10 35 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 10 30 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 20 20 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 0 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 45 10 30 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 0
Lillooet 10 0 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 35 15 20 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Haisla 10 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 287,525 139,460 148,070 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,070 4,570 4,500 0 0 0
Berber languages 30 10 20 0 0 0
Kabyle 25 10 15 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 1,055 460 600 0 0 0
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 10 10 0 0 0
Somali 1,045 455 590 0 0 0
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 8,065 4,130 3,935 0 0 0
Amharic 505 240 265 0 0 0
Arabic 6,835 3,510 3,320 0 0 0
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 480 245 235 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 475 240 235 0 0 0
Harari 10 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 220 135 80 0 0 0
Maltese 55 15 40 0 0 0
Tigrigna 220 135 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 110 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,750 4,205 4,545 0 0 0
Khmer (Cambodian) 770 350 425 0 0 0
Vietnamese 8,025 3,880 4,145 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 26,440 11,550 14,885 0 0 0
Bikol 115 50 60 0 0 0
Cebuano 1,180 445 730 0 0 0
Fijian 540 320 225 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 335 175 160 0 0 0
Ilocano 1,285 495 785 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 1,010 425 590 0 0 0
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 140 70 70 0 0 0
Pangasinan 95 45 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 24,320 10,560 13,760 0 0 0
Waray-Waray 65 35 30 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 125 0 0 0
Creole languages 735 385 355 0 0 0
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 460 235 225 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 140 135 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 2,575 1,375 1,205 0 0 0
Kannada 105 35 65 0 0 0
Malayalam 1,020 555 470 0 0 0
Tamil 1,315 705 610 0 0 0
Telugu 290 170 120 0 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 191,080 94,570 96,515 0 0 0
Albanian 445 205 240 0 0 0
Armenian 160 95 65 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 8,790 4,340 4,450 0 0 0
Baltic languages 35 20 20 0 0 0
Latvian 20 15 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 15 0 15 0 0 0
Slavic languages 8,760 4,330 4,430 0 0 0
Belarusan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 270 135 135 0 0 0
Bulgarian 185 80 105 0 0 0
Croatian 870 445 425 0 0 0
Czech 540 255 290 0 0 0
Macedonian 25 10 10 0 0 0
Polish 2,830 1,420 1,415 0 0 0
Russian 2,490 1,225 1,265 0 0 0
Serbian 650 340 305 0 0 0
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 40 0 0 0
Slovak 390 185 205 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 70 50 0 0 0
Ukrainian 1,060 450 605 0 0 0
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 0 0 0
Celtic languages 85 40 50 0 0 0
Scottish Gaelic 50 30 15 0 0 0
Welsh 25 10 25 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Germanic languages 8,745 4,080 4,665 0 0 0
Afrikaans 585 260 320 0 0 0
Danish 390 165 225 0 0 0
Dutch 1,815 840 980 0 0 0
Frisian 35 20 20 0 0 0
German 5,675 2,705 2,965 0 0 0
Icelandic 15 10 0 0 0 0
Norwegian 190 90 100 0 0 0
Swedish 300 135 170 0 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Yiddish 25 15 10 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Greek 900 475 430 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages 157,915 78,645 79,265 0 0 0
Indo-Aryan languages 154,075 76,740 77,340 0 0 0
Bengali 980 485 495 0 0 0
Gujarati 2,060 995 1,065 0 0 0
Hindi 39,080 18,940 20,140 0 0 0
Kashmiri 15 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 70 35 35 0 0 0
Marathi 165 80 90 0 0 0
Nepali 465 225 240 0 0 0
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 128,515 64,430 64,090 0 0 0
Sindhi 380 195 185 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 445 0 0 0
Urdu 7,950 4,050 3,900 0 0 0
Iranian languages 4,295 2,150 2,145 0 0 0
Kurdish 315 175 140 0 0 0
Pashto 795 430 365 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 3,485 1,735 1,750 0 0 0
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 15,840 7,670 8,170 0 0 0
Catalan 0 10 0 0 0 0
Italian 2,170 1,180 995 0 0 0
Portuguese 1,930 875 1,060 0 0 0
Romanian 840 450 390 0 0 0
Spanish 11,310 5,340 5,965 0 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Japanese 2,035 910 1,125 0 0 0
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 10 10 10 0 0 0
Korean 8,915 4,165 4,745 0 0 0
Mongolic languages 55 35 20 0 0 0
Mongolian 55 30 20 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,870 960 910 0 0 0
Akan (Twi) 240 140 95 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 75 40 30 0 0 0
Ewe 45 30 10 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 65 40 25 0 0 0
Ganda 30 15 10 0 0 0
Igbo 90 45 35 0 0 0
Lingala 90 45 50 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 50 0 0 0
Shona 60 30 25 0 0 0
Swahili 620 350 270 0 0 0
Wolof 10 0 10 0 0 0
Yoruba 255 125 125 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 450 180 270 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 30 0 0 0
Dinka 10 15 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 0 0 0
Sign languages 645 195 445 0 0 0
American Sign Language 315 75 240 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 355 130 215 0 0 0
Sino-Tibetan languages 37,450 17,735 19,715 0 0 0
Chinese languages 36,485 17,235 19,250 0 0 0
Cantonese 9,360 4,395 4,960 0 0 0
Hakka 275 130 150 0 0 0
Mandarin 28,980 13,620 15,360 0 0 0
Min Dong 10 10 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,865 885 980 0 0 0
Wu (Shanghainese) 385 170 215 0 0 0
Chinese, n.o.s. 840 385 460 0 0 0
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,020 525 495 0 0 0
Burmese 475 255 220 0 0 0
Karenic languages 495 235 265 0 0 0
Tibetan 90 55 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 450 565 0 0 0
Lao 690 335 350 0 0 0
Thai 415 145 265 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 465 250 215 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 0 0 0
Turkish 395 220 175 0 0 0
Uyghur 35 15 25 0 0 0
Uzbek 25 10 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Uralic languages 1,510 700 810 0 0 0
Estonian 80 35 45 0 0 0
Finnish 295 125 175 0 0 0
Hungarian 1,140 540 595 0 0 0
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 0 0 0
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 511,540 253,265 258,275 0 0 0
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 439,690 218,815 220,870 0 0 0
Canadian citizens aged under 18 102,480 53,305 49,175 0 0 0
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 337,215 165,515 171,700 0 0 0
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 71,850 34,445 37,405 0 0 0
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 511,540 253,265 258,275 0 0 0
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 281,190 142,415 138,775 0 0 0
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 220,155 105,615 114,540 0 0 0
Before 1981 37,055 18,325 18,725 0 0 0
1981 to 1990 25,490 12,275 13,220 0 0 0
1991 to 2000 52,570 25,120 27,455 0 0 0
2001 to 2010 68,700 32,460 36,235 0 0 0
2001 to 2005 32,005 14,965 17,040 0 0 0
2006 to 2010 36,695 17,500 19,200 0 0 0
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 36,340 17,435 18,905 0 0 0
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10,195 5,235 4,960 0 0 0
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 220,155 105,615 114,535 0 0 0
Under 5 years 16,360 8,585 7,780 0 0 0
5 to 14 years 31,945 16,425 15,520 0 0 0
15 to 24 years 55,145 24,875 30,280 0 0 0
25 to 44 years 83,940 40,600 43,340 0 0 0
45 years and over 32,755 15,135 17,625 0 0 0
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 220,155 105,615 114,540 0 0 0
Americas 11,340 5,300 6,045 0 0 0
Brazil 330 125 210 0 0 0
Colombia 650 290 360 0 0 0
El Salvador 1,385 745 645 0 0 0
Guyana 205 90 115 0 0 0
Haiti 85 30 55 0 0 0
Jamaica 615 335 280 0 0 0
Mexico 890 355 540 0 0 0
Peru 320 160 155 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 385 185 200 0 0 0
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,915 1,780 2,135 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Americas 2,560 1,205 1,360 0 0 0
Europe 25,910 12,925 12,990 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 450 230 220 0 0 0
Croatia 500 255 250 0 0 0
France 245 100 145 0 0 0
Germany 2,450 1,195 1,255 0 0 0
Greece 420 220 200 0 0 0
Hungary 715 370 340 0 0 0
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 340 180 155 0 0 0
Italy 940 510 430 0 0 0
Netherlands 1,355 690 660 0 0 0
Poland 2,235 1,110 1,125 0 0 0
Portugal 810 400 410 0 0 0
Romania 700 360 340 0 0 0
Russian Federation 780 310 460 0 0 0
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 310 155 150 0 0 0
Ukraine 710 365 345 0 0 0
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,655 4,875 4,775 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Europe 3,300 1,585 1,715 0 0 0
Africa 7,000 3,545 3,450 0 0 0
Algeria 85 60 30 0 0 0
Egypt 355 175 180 0 0 0
Ethiopia 455 220 240 0 0 0
Kenya 705 370 340 0 0 0
Morocco 180 90 95 0 0 0
Nigeria 585 310 275 0 0 0
Somalia 600 270 330 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 1,010 495 515 0 0 0
Other places of birth in Africa 3,010