Census Profile, 2016 Census
Richmond, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Richmond, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Richmond, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 198,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,463,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 190,473  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,313,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 77,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,027,613  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 73,457  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,534.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 854.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 129.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,882.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 198,310 94,660 103,650 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 27,240 14,020 13,220 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 8,905 4,580 4,330 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,925 4,545 4,375 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 9,410 4,895 4,515 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 137,420 65,145 72,280 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 11,530 5,935 5,595 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 13,795 7,100 6,700 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 13,860 6,925 6,935 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 12,730 6,175 6,555 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 11,635 5,520 6,120 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 12,305 5,365 6,940 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 15,025 6,625 8,395 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 16,565 7,545 9,015 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 15,825 7,265 8,560 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 14,155 6,695 7,460 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 33,650 15,495 18,155 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 12,050 5,745 6,305 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 7,530 3,610 3,925 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 5,735 2,650 3,085 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 4,265 1,970 2,300 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 4,065 1,525 2,545 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 2,585 1,050 1,535 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,095 365 730 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 320 95 225 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 65 10 55 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.7 14.8 12.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.3 68.8 69.7 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.0 16.4 17.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.0 1.6 2.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.2 41.1 43.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.5 41.6 44.8 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 73,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 24,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 38,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 513,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 14,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 73,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 16,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 14,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 11,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 196,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,426,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 171,065 80,635 90,430 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 101,760 50,080 51,680 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 94,525 46,480 48,045 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,240 3,600 3,645 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 69,305 30,560 38,750 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 48,055 24,760 23,295 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,480 1,275 2,205 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 9,815 3,100 6,715 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 7,950 1,420 6,530 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 57,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 26,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 327,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 15,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 57,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 48,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 44,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 9,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 8,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 48,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 20,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 28,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 13,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 11,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 9,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 29,140 12,075 17,060 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 73,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 50,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 600,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 16,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 226,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 33,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 19,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 322,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 16,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 197,255 94,270 102,985 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 165,465 80,635 84,830 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 60 30 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 9,615 4,345 5,270 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 22,110 9,260 12,850 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 197,255 94,270 102,985 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 173,090 84,005 89,080 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,070 565 500 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,260 575 685 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 21,835 9,125 12,715 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,700 855 845 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 197,255 94,270 102,985 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 189,355 90,440 98,920 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 66,365 34,115 32,245 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 65,350 33,570 31,785 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,015 555 465 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 122,990 56,320 66,675 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 20 10 15 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 5 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 5 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 122,970 56,310 66,660 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,750 930 820 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 115 60 60 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 165 95 75
Somali 110 55 55 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,620 860 760 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 40 25 20 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,205 650 560 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 15 5 440 240 195
Harari 10 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 270 130 135 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 25 10 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 835 370 470 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 15 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 800 345 450 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 9,305 3,955 5,350 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 70 40 35 310 140 170
Cebuano 330 150 185 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 25 10 20 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 115 50 65 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 385 150 230 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 375 175 200 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 130 65 70 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 10 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,780 3,285 4,500 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 35 830 360 470
Creole languages 35 15 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 380 200 185 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 105 55 55 1,750 905 845
Tamil 220 115 105 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 40 25 15 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 17,930 8,630 9,305 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 40 25 15 1,090 560 530
Armenian 70 40 30 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,495 1,645 1,845 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 20 10 645 280 370
Latvian 25 15 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 10 5 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 3,460 1,630 1,830 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 35 20 20 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 30 10 25 1,725 805 915
Croatian 220 105 110 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 145 65 75 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 15 10 5 250 120 135
Polish 345 160 180 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,030 950 1,080 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 195 110 90 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 25 1,145 545 600
Slovak 55 25 25 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 310 130 180 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,950 965 990 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 40 20 20 1,435 730 705
Danish 115 65 50 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 370 190 180 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 1,305 625 675 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 20 10 835 410 430
Swedish 40 15 25 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 35 20 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 265 135 125 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 9,340 4,495 4,845 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 8,230 3,950 4,280 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 135 75 65 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 560 250 305 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,100 485 610 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 20 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 35 20 15 535 280 255
Nepali 35 25 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,245 2,550 2,695 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 175 80 95 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 35 30 1,455 730 725
Urdu 850 425 425 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 1,080 525 555 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 30 15 15 1,650 875 780
Pashto 30 15 15 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,025 495 525 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,770 1,320 1,445 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 315 165 145 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 390 190 195 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 255 130 120 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,805 825 975 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 2,150 810 1,345 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 1,110 475 645 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 30 15 20 340 145 200
Mongolian 30 15 20 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 105 50 55 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 25 10 15 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 10 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 40 15 20 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 88,460 40,470 47,990 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 88,310 40,395 47,915 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 43,295 20,015 23,280 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 350 145 200 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 39,450 17,915 21,535 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 20 10 10 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,505 1,135 1,370 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,225 535 685 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,440 630 810 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 140 70 75 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 115 50 65 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 0 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 15 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 180 45 130 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 15 5 10 800 405 400
Thai 165 40 125 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 400 225 175 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 495 275 225
Turkish 360 200 155 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 245 115 135 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 15 5 5 455 195 260
Finnish 65 20 45 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 170 85 80 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 7,895 3,835 4,065 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 255 135 125 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 7,425 3,590 3,830 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 90 40 50 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 120 65 65 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 197,255 94,265 102,985 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 177,025 84,725 92,305 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 90,390 44,995 45,395 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 90,045 44,820 45,230 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 340 180 160 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 86,640 39,730 46,905 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 86,635 39,730 46,905 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 930 465 465 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 45 15 30 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 45 20 30 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 885 450 435 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 15 5 10 535 250 290
Arabic 715 370 345 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 5 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 120 55 65 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 415 210 205 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 395 195 200 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 4,040 1,830 2,210 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 5 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 85 40 50 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 0 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 30 10 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 85 35 50 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 120 55 60 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,665 1,660 2,010 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 25 5 15 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 180 85 90 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 40 15 20 885 450 435
Tamil 120 60 60 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 5 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 8,460 3,985 4,475 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 30 15 15 530 255 270
Armenian 35 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,905 895 1,010 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 20 10 10 160 75 90
Latvian 15 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 5 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,890 890 1,000 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 15 10 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 15 5 10 925 425 495
Croatian 55 25 35 1,795 840 955
Czech 40 20 20 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 110 50 60 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,380 645 735 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 115 65 55 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 435 205 235
Slovak 25 15 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 100 45 55 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 220 105 120 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 5 180 90 90
Dutch 30 15 15 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 160 75 90 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 95 40 55 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 4,840 2,280 2,560 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 4,210 1,980 2,230 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 80 40 40 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 250 105 140 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 385 175 210 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 25 10 10 245 125 120
Nepali 25 15 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,900 1,370 1,530 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 70 30 40 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 455 225 235 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 620 295 330 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 0 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 20 10 10 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 595 280 315 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,330 625 705 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 45 25 25 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 175 95 80 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 105 50 55 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,005 455 545 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 1,095 455 645 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 665 300 365 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 20 10 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 30 10 15 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 5 5 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 5 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 50 25 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 20 10 10 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 70,455 32,210 38,240 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 70,375 32,170 38,205 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 34,795 15,790 19,005 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 115 45 70 670 280 390
Mandarin 32,660 15,090 17,570 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,130 525 610 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 695 315 380 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 965 400 565 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 40 35 1,630 820 810
Burmese 60 25 35 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 10 5 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 35 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 60 25 40 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 185 105 85 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 185 95 90
Turkish 180 100 75 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 35 15 15 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 0 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 20 10 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 20,230 9,545 10,685 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 180 105 75 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 19,820 9,335 10,485 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 30 15 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 200 90 105 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 197,250 94,270 102,985 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 140,290 67,525 72,770 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 29,100 13,820 15,280 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 875 375 500 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 25,945 12,080 13,865 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 20 10 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 25,925 12,075 13,855 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 90 40 50 965 435 530
English and non-official language 755 335 420 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 185 95 100 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 169,445 80,040 89,405 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 161,835 76,360 85,480 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,842 30,368 22,751 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 162,125 76,630 85,490 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,129 27,216 21,903 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 143,915 68,910 75,010 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,127 31,352 21,982 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 117,455 49,505 67,950 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,562 771 2,382 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 113,230 56,245 56,990 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,513 33,937 25,594 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 169,440 80,080 89,360 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 161,925 76,250 85,680 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,039 44,062 32,680 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 162,265 76,580 85,685 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,071 36,105 28,466 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 143,985 68,765 75,225 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,294 45,123 32,051 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 117,775 49,635 68,145 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,481 5,174 5,706 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 113,230 56,230 57,005 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,120 46,366 33,959 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 169,440 80,085 89,355 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 46,015 25,420 20,600 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,059 55,820 47,060 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,759 67,743 54,374 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.4 86.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.7 77.5 69.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.6 13.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 169,445 80,040 89,400 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 7,605 3,680 3,925 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 161,835 76,360 85,480 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.5 95.4 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 35,955 15,555 20,410 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 31,875 13,360 18,515 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 20,600 8,945 11,660 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 16,865 7,615 9,250 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 14,080 6,625 7,450 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 10,795 5,325 5,475 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 8,280 4,470 3,815 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 6,105 3,425 2,675 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,635 2,705 1,930 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,190 1,905 1,285 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,460 6,440 3,020 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,380 4,200 2,180 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,080 2,235 845 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 169,445 80,045 89,405 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 7,320 3,410 3,910 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 162,120 76,630 85,485 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 37,105 16,335 20,775 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 33,170 14,120 19,050 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 24,015 10,580 13,435 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 19,285 8,805 10,485 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 15,175 7,275 7,895 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 11,090 5,895 5,195 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 7,370 4,140 3,230 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,985 2,890 2,095 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,920 6,585 3,335 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,175 1,960 1,210 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,930 1,230 695 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,820 3,390 1,430 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 169,440 80,045 89,405 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 56,215 23,800 32,410 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 113,230 56,245 56,990 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 66.8 70.3 63.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 17,005 7,565 9,445 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 9,555 4,205 5,345 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 16,955 7,655 9,300 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 13,675 6,335 7,340 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 12,330 5,730 6,600 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 10,720 5,145 5,570 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 8,195 4,095 4,100 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 6,330 3,630 2,700 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,850 2,820 2,030 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 13,625 9,060 4,565 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,750 2,235 1,510 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,585 1,585 1,000 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 7,290 5,240 2,050 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 73,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,779  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,578  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,253  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 56,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,549  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,812  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 73,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,844  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 56,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,881  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 73,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 22,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 332,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 4,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 16,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 256,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 5,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 55,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 653,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 16,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,533  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 28,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,173  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 8,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,493  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,551  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 55,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 652,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 95,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 16,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,414  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 28,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,507  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 8,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,965 10,135 12,830 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,373 30,321 27,110 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,244 27,597 25,436 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,905 10,095 12,810 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,281 41,734 35,559 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,456 34,691 30,694 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 196,660 94,055 102,610 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 108,805 50,790 58,015 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 32,055 14,795 17,260 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 22,630 10,390 12,235 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 19,035 8,945 10,085 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 17,485 8,270 9,215 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 17,605 8,390 9,215 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 87,860 43,265 44,595 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 17,545 8,365 9,180 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 18,025 8,845 9,190 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 17,815 8,845 8,970 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 17,970 8,930 9,040 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 16,500 8,280 8,215 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 196,665 94,050 102,610 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 33,845 17,355 16,485 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 10,540 5,425 5,115 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 130,415 61,600 68,815 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 32,400 15,100 17,300 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 44,000 20,240 23,760 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 8,655 4,350 4,305 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,700 1,370 1,325 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 28,170 12,700 15,475 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,175 3,190 3,980 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.4 21.5 23.2 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 25.6 25.1 26.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.6 25.3 25.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 21.6 20.6 22.5 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 22.1 21.1 23.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 35,530 16,330 19,200 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 7,100 3,550 3,555 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,175 1,100 1,070 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 24,110 10,975 13,135 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 4,325 1,805 2,520 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 18.1 17.4 18.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 21.0 20.5 21.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 20.6 20.3 20.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.5 17.8 19.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 13.3 12.0 14.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 196,665 94,055 102,605 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 174,630 84,660 89,970 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 174,575 84,635 89,935 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 9,635 4,375 5,260 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 142,100 66,020 76,080 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 40 15 25 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 10 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 10 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 10 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 10 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 10 0 10 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 142,065 66,005 76,055 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,565 1,310 1,260 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 180 100 80 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 175 100 75 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,445 1,240 1,205 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 50 20 30 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,680 890 795 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 25 20 10 55 35 20
Hebrew 665 310 355 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 15 10 10 165 90 80
Tigrigna 15 0 10 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,050 475 575 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 25 20 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,010 445 560 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 13,325 5,725 7,600 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 80 35 50 495 205 285
Cebuano 480 210 270 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 50 15 40 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 160 60 105 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 400 170 230 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 655 325 330 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 775 350 430
Pangasinan 45 20 25 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 12,250 5,235 7,020 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 20 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 165 70 90 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 140 65 75 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 70 30 35 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 515 285 230 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 40 25 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 80 40 35 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 330 185 145 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 50 30 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 23,895 11,720 12,180 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 75 40 35 1,135 580 555
Armenian 85 40 40 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,890 1,890 2,000 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 10 10 0 635 310 325
Latvian 0 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,890 1,885 2,000 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 10 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 45 25 20 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 70 30 40 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 280 130 150 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 155 80 75 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 25 10 15 345 180 160
Polish 440 230 210 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,500 1,185 1,310 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 320 165 150 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 35 20 20 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 10 10 725 330 400
Ukrainian 425 200 220 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 35 20 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,755 1,385 1,375 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 185 90 100 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 165 110 60 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 405 205 195 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,915 950 965 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 35 20 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 85 45 35 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 75 35 40 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 410 240 170 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 12,385 6,055 6,330 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 11,240 5,505 5,735 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 180 105 80 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,110 500 610 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,230 1,565 1,665 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 85 40 45 375 185 190
Marathi 115 60 55 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,940 3,470 3,465 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 335 130 210 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 55 65 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,460 765 690 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,140 540 600 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 30 15 15 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 45 20 25 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,080 515 565 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 50 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 4,865 2,360 2,500 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 650 325 320 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 515 240 275 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 305 170 135 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,600 1,725 1,870 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 220 130 85
Japanese 3,655 1,635 2,020 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 1,255 570 685 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 50 10 45 320 155 170
Mongolian 50 10 40 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 305 160 145 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 15 0 15 115 65 55
Ewe 10 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 210 95 115
Shona 25 10 15 265 125 140
Swahili 195 110 90 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 120 20 95 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 45 10 40 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 70 15 60 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 98,600 45,680 52,920 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 98,490 45,635 52,855 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 53,235 24,815 28,420 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 405 180 225 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 58,780 26,570 32,210 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 30 10 15 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,600 1,630 1,965 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,680 765 920 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,545 685 855 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 170 70 100 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 155 55 95 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 10 10 10 905 455 450
Tibetan 15 15 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 210 60 150 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 20 0 15 1,125 505 620
Thai 190 55 135 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 485 280 200 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 835 455 385
Turkish 420 245 175 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 290 155 135 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 15 10 10 495 205 295
Finnish 45 20 25 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 230 130 100 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 0 30 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 196,660 94,055 102,605 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 162,455 78,330 84,120 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 29,625 15,300 14,325 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 132,820 63,030 69,795 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 34,210 15,725 18,485 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 196,660 94,055 102,605 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,855 36,670 35,185 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 118,305 54,395 63,905 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 17,140 8,265 8,870 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 13,895 6,545 7,355 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 39,180 17,825 21,355 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 32,835 14,790 18,040 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 15,260 6,920 8,340 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 17,575 7,875 9,700 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 15,245 6,970 8,275 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,505 2,990 3,520 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 118,300 54,395 63,905 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 8,435 4,330 4,105 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 18,545 9,605 8,940 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 20,710 9,695 11,015 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 52,915 22,410 30,505 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 17,695 8,360 9,340 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 118,305 54,395 63,905 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,855 1,810 2,045 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 150 70 85 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 105 50 55 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 145 70 75 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 40 20 15 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 115 50 60 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 430 170 255 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 285 115 165 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 195 100 95 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,480 740 740 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 910 420 490 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 8,405 4,195 4,215 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 60 40 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 135 60 80 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 125 70 50 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 730 375 350 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 155 95 60 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 110 60 50 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 165 70 90 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 200 120 80 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 295 170 130 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 345 170 170 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 170 90 75 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 290 145 140 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 985 435 555 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 155 60 95 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 655 330 320 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,760 1,325 1,440 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,030 550 480 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,325 1,190 1,130 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 65 35 25 430 270 150
Egypt 225 140 80 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 50 20 35 1,665 835 825
Kenya 425 185 240 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 50 15 35 730 385 340
Nigeria 50 30 25 1,205 630 575
Somalia 135 80 50 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 500 255 245 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 825 430 395 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 102,470 46,650 55,825 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 175 75 100 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 105 60 50 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 42,755 19,210 23,545 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 23,185 10,800 12,390 71,715 32,945 38,770