Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 631,486 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 603,502 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 309,418 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 283,916 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,492.6 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 114.97 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 631,485 308,515 322,970 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 70,530 36,640 33,890 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 24,615 12,875 11,745 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 22,905 11,800 11,100 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 23,010 11,965 11,040 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 463,390 227,695 235,695 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 28,270 14,310 13,965 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 44,150 21,410 22,740 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 63,480 30,985 32,490 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 61,715 30,935 30,785 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 48,915 24,275 24,635 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 43,890 21,190 22,700 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 46,890 22,845 24,045 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 46,845 23,360 23,480 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 42,100 20,355 21,750 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 37,150 18,035 19,115 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 97,570 44,180 53,390 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 32,760 15,685 17,075 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 20,835 9,785 11,050 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 16,630 7,550 9,075 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 13,115 5,875 7,245 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 14,225 5,280 8,945 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 8,610 3,555 5,060 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 4,140 1,390 2,755 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,215 300 920 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 250 45 205 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.2 11.9 10.5 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 73.4 73.8 73.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.5 14.3 16.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.6 40.8 42.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 283,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 41,330 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 83,250 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 159,310 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,480 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 9,845 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 52,970 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 91,385 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 635 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 283,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 110,020 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 90,450 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 36,885 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 28,780 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,780 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 618,210 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 560,955 271,875 289,080 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 282,585 141,450 141,135 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 224,800 111,755 113,045 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 57,785 29,695 28,090 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 278,370 130,425 147,945 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 203,550 106,195 97,355 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 12,790 5,330 7,460 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 37,150 14,245 22,900 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 24,880 4,655 20,225 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 160,855 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 88,590 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 35,480 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 28,685 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,105 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 160,855 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 135,215 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 106,325 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 28,890 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,645 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 21,090 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,550 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,215 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 71,270 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 63,945 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 28,895 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 27,250 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 7,805 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,640 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 17,315 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 6,590 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,740 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 177,510 84,480 93,030 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 283,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 146,025 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 65,040 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 80,985 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,145 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 130,745 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 110,020 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 20,720 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 622,630 304,235 318,400 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 518,180 258,795 259,385 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 375 180 195 1,110 530 580
English and French 61,710 27,980 33,730 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 42,370 17,275 25,095 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 622,635 304,235 318,400 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 566,940 280,310 286,635 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 9,950 5,125 4,825 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 3,805 1,735 2,070 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 41,935 17,070 24,870 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,855 5,990 5,860 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 622,635 304,235 318,400 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 602,805 294,900 307,900 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 328,595 170,085 158,510 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 319,115 165,150 153,965 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 9,480 4,940 4,550 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 274,210 124,820 149,390 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 455 230 230 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 170 90 85 315 135 180
Blackfoot 15 5 10 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 65 55 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 20 10 10 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 10 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 95 45 40 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 15 15 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 15 15 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 30 30 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 35 30 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 10 15 40 15 20
Chilcotin 20 10 10 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 5 5 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 10 10 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 5 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 35 15 20 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 5 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 5 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 40 20 25
Siouan languages 20 10 10 25 10 10
Dakota 15 10 10 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 70 30 35 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 35 15 20 45 20 25
Nisga'a 20 10 10 25 15 15
Tsimshian 15 5 10 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 40 15 25 55 25 35
Haisla 5 5 5 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 10 5 10 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 5 5 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 273,755 124,590 149,165 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,305 2,465 1,840 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 20 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 205 120 90 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 75 45 35 165 95 75
Somali 125 70 55 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 4,065 2,320 1,740 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 305 150 145 1,140 560 585
Arabic 2,485 1,505 980 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 35 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 440 240 195
Harari 5 5 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 1,050 555 500 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 10 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 120 55 65 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,935 5,010 5,930 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 295 130 165 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 10,620 4,860 5,750 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 24,470 9,665 14,805 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 100 40 60 310 140 170
Cebuano 880 310 570 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 45 20 25 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 455 165 290 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 1,900 745 1,155 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 5 5 15 0 10
Malay 960 440 525 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 95 105 635 290 345
Pangasinan 95 45 50 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,435 7,630 11,800 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 345 155 195 830 360 470
Creole languages 100 50 50 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 35 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,020 1,145 880 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 50 35 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 340 185 150 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,330 715 620 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 290 210 80 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 10 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 78,130 38,030 40,100 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 135 70 60 1,090 560 530
Armenian 340 160 180 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 14,740 6,665 8,075 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 265 100 160 645 280 370
Latvian 120 50 70 320 145 175
Lithuanian 140 45 95 325 130 200
Slavic languages 14,475 6,565 7,910 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 10 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 235 110 125 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 465 205 255 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,250 580 675 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,000 485 515 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 80 35 45 250 120 135
Polish 2,720 1,225 1,495 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 4,450 1,910 2,535 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 2,125 1,050 1,075 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 490 230 260 1,145 545 600
Slovak 600 270 330 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 545 250 290
Ukrainian 870 370 500 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 120 80 40 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 125 65 60
Welsh 40 25 20 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,005 4,340 4,665 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 270 155 115 1,435 730 705
Danish 400 195 200 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,360 685 675 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 5 80 30 50
German 6,075 2,875 3,205 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 70 35 40 155 70 80
Norwegian 180 85 95 835 410 430
Swedish 430 195 235 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 40 20 200 105 95
Yiddish 145 70 75 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 25 20 15
Greek 2,160 1,080 1,075 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 28,905 14,405 14,500 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 20,600 10,195 10,405 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 935 485 445 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 935 450 490 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 3,680 1,830 1,850 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 45 25 25 225 110 110
Marathi 120 70 50 535 280 255
Nepali 175 105 70 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,385 6,520 6,860 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 230 115 115 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 105 1,455 730 725
Urdu 860 475 380 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 8,240 4,180 4,060 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 410 215 190 1,650 875 780
Pashto 165 90 75 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 7,670 3,875 3,800 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 22,735 11,230 11,500 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 75 40 30 125 65 55
Italian 4,740 2,315 2,425 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,700 2,260 2,435 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,185 555 625 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 12,010 6,040 5,970 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5 60 40 25
Japanese 7,005 2,310 4,695 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 15 5 5 65 40 25
Georgian 15 10 5 65 40 25
Korean 7,810 3,150 4,655 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 120 50 70 340 145 200
Mongolian 120 45 75 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 440 235 210 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 15 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 15 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 10 105 45 55
Shona 45 20 20 150 70 85
Swahili 105 55 50 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 30 15 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 20 265 135 135
Dinka 20 10 10 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 115 55 55 620 330 295
American Sign Language 45 15 25 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 40 25 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 134,375 60,570 73,805 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 133,810 60,275 73,535 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 85,020 39,005 46,020 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 775 340 435 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 40,120 17,515 22,600 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 90 40 50 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,065 1,300 1,760 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,270 525 745 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,430 1,525 1,905 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 565 300 265 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 390 200 190 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 65 40 30 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 850 295 550 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 110 55 55 800 405 400
Thai 740 240 495 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,095 615 480 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 495 275 225
Turkish 915 520 390 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 20 15 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 0 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,815 850 960 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 125 50 70 455 195 260
Finnish 450 175 275 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,240 625 615 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 365 200 170
Multiple responses 19,825 9,335 10,495 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,740 835 905 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 17,110 8,035 9,080 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 500 245 255 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 475 215 255 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 622,630 304,235 318,400 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 577,695 283,360 294,330 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 417,460 210,685 206,770 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 413,605 208,775 204,835 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,850 1,915 1,935 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 160,235 72,675 87,560 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 10 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Dakota 10 10 5 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 5 5 5
Nisga'a 10 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 5 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 160,180 72,650 87,530 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,015 1,035 980 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 10 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 80 45 35 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 35 15 15 80 40 35
Somali 45 30 20 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,915 980 940 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 110 50 60 535 250 290
Arabic 1,220 645 580 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 475 240 240 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 55 25 30 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,090 3,275 3,815 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 75 620 290 330
Vietnamese 6,950 3,210 3,735 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 11,165 4,720 6,440 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 35 10 20 70 30 35
Cebuano 270 115 155 1,085 485 600
Fijian 15 10 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 145 65 80 355 150 205
Ilocano 645 270 375 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 275 120 150 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 135 65 75
Pangasinan 15 10 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,565 4,025 5,540 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 260 130 130
Creole languages 40 15 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,210 645 565 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 185 100 85 885 450 435
Tamil 900 470 435 1,935 965 965
Telugu 100 65 35 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 33,965 16,030 17,930 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 40 25 15 530 255 270
Armenian 140 60 80 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,590 2,550 3,045 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 50 20 30 160 75 90
Latvian 15 10 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 10 15 90 45 50
Slavic languages 5,540 2,530 3,020 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 105 55 55 540 270 270
Bulgarian 210 85 120 925 425 495
Croatian 390 180 215 1,795 840 955
Czech 275 145 130 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 30 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 805 355 445 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 2,055 910 1,145 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,110 530 580 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 210 90 115 435 205 235
Slovak 155 70 85 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 180 80 100 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,385 670 715 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 35 25 15 520 250 265
Danish 55 30 25 180 90 90
Dutch 170 85 85 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 965 450 515 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 30 15 15 50 25 30
Norwegian 15 5 10 75 35 35
Swedish 105 50 50 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 5 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 870 415 455 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 16,030 7,620 8,410 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 11,280 5,395 5,885 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 575 280 295 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 405 175 230 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,465 685 780 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 45 20 20 245 125 120
Nepali 85 50 30 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,125 3,885 4,240 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 75 40 40 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 45 595 290 305
Urdu 410 205 200 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 4,735 2,215 2,520 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 215 95 115 1,025 515 505
Pashto 90 45 45 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 4,435 2,070 2,360 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 9,900 4,695 5,205 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 45 20 25 60 30 35
Italian 1,690 720 970 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,320 1,085 1,235 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 380 185 200 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,455 2,680 2,775 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 10
Japanese 3,540 1,450 2,090 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 4,685 2,020 2,665 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 60 20 35 160 80 85
Mongolian 60 25 35 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 105 40 70 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 10 0 10 40 15 20
Swahili 25 10 15 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 5 15 105 50 55
Dinka 10 5 10 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 155 90 65 830 460 370
American Sign Language 50 30 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 65 50 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 95,010 42,780 52,225 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 94,680 42,610 52,065 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 60,385 27,320 33,065 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 235 95 135 670 280 390
Mandarin 30,085 13,460 16,625 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 25 15 15 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,260 530 725 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 690 310 385 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,990 875 1,115 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 1,630 820 810
Burmese 240 120 120 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 30 15 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 290 115 180 1,015 435 580
Lao 25 10 15 335 160 175
Thai 270 105 165 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 405 205 195 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 40 20 25 185 95 90
Turkish 340 170 165 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 15 10 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 390 180 210 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 115 50 60 435 190 240
Hungarian 265 125 140 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 110 50 60
Multiple responses 44,935 20,875 24,065 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,270 625 645 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 42,965 19,925 23,040 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 135 65 70 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 575 255 315 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 622,635 304,235 318,400 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 478,680 236,640 242,040 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 57,215 26,935 30,275 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 7,105 3,365 3,735 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 77,120 36,100 41,015 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 315 150 165 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 76,800 35,955 40,845 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 245 105 140 965 435 530
English and non-official language 1,320 610 705 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 930 455 475 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 547,845 265,130 282,715 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,075 256,470 273,605 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,964 36,884 29,835 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,760 257,115 273,640 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,694 32,416 27,492 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 478,365 232,595 245,770 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,054 38,896 29,997 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 364,480 159,405 205,080 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,443 693 1,956 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 401,075 199,930 201,145 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,554 39,000 30,604 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 547,845 265,110 282,730 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,100 256,665 273,440 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,317 58,349 42,777 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,765 257,295 273,470 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,787 45,930 35,948 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 477,830 232,485 245,350 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,607 60,814 42,883 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 364,195 159,020 205,175 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,528 5,268 5,730 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 401,075 200,160 200,915 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,021 57,313 40,762 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 547,845 265,115 282,730 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 170,880 93,385 77,490 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,278 59,824 51,258 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,274 79,578 61,266 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 94.5 90.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.7 76.5 69.9 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 5.5 10.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 547,845 265,125 282,720 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 17,765 8,660 9,110 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 530,080 256,470 273,605 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.8 96.7 96.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 85,555 38,570 46,980 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 96,425 42,655 53,765 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 66,035 29,500 36,530 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 55,095 25,115 29,980 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 48,970 22,535 26,435 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 38,495 18,730 19,760 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 30,380 15,595 14,780 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 23,860 12,360 11,500 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 18,885 9,910 8,975 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 13,895 7,695 6,200 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 52,495 33,800 18,685 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 31,480 19,355 12,130 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 21,015 14,455 6,560 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 547,845 265,125 282,715 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 17,090 8,015 9,075 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 530,760 257,115 273,640 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.0 96.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 88,970 40,795 48,175 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 100,690 45,125 55,565 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 77,735 35,220 42,510 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 65,670 29,885 35,780 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 54,025 25,660 28,360 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 39,605 20,115 19,485 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 29,280 15,210 14,070 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 21,510 11,460 10,045 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 53,275 33,640 19,630 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 14,125 8,225 5,905 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 9,350 5,725 3,625 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 29,800 19,695 10,100 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 547,845 265,130 282,715 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 146,775 65,195 81,570 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 401,075 199,930 201,145 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.2 75.4 71.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,270 23,085 28,190 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 29,405 13,005 16,405 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 54,795 24,940 29,855 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 45,655 21,135 24,520 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 41,770 19,625 22,145 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 38,570 17,880 20,690 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 30,125 15,295 14,825 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 24,220 12,850 11,370 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 19,345 10,355 8,990 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 65,920 41,765 24,160 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 15,480 8,420 7,060 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,080 6,415 4,665 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 39,360 26,925 12,435 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 283,920 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,327 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,908 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,020 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,449 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,957 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 173,895 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,207 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,792 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 283,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,947 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,249 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,025 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,841 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,034 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 173,890 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,956 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,265 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 283,915 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,965 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,830 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,065 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,620 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,735 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,280 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,360 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,200 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,445 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,995 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,055 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,180 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,365 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,290 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,185 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 87,365 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,415 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,000 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,635 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 23,310 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 283,915 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 10,690 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,900 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,295 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,100 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,380 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,580 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,810 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,785 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,520 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,085 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,025 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,315 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,365 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,250 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,795 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 67,015 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,115 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,235 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 27,660 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 157,895 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,754 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,915 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 64,285 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,248 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,651 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 63,885 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,636 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,822 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,190 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,242 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,864 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 157,765 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 123,043 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,168 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 64,115 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 122,724 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,432 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 63,955 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,259 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,820 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,130 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,258 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,017 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 159,610 77,970 81,640 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,285 32,735 31,872 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,113 29,381 28,877 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 159,335 77,730 81,605 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,574 47,649 43,597 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,678 38,938 36,477 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 618,210 301,665 316,545 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 312,560 149,205 163,360 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 93,215 45,030 48,190 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 63,335 29,625 33,710 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 53,770 25,580 28,190 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 51,155 24,475 26,685 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 51,080 24,495 26,585 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 305,650 152,460 153,185 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 50,755 24,580 26,170 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 51,560 25,365 26,200 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 54,985 27,165 27,820 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 62,020 31,070 30,960 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 86,325 44,285 42,045 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 618,210 301,665 316,545 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 86,040 44,615 41,425 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 29,140 15,210 13,920 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 441,005 215,215 225,785 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 91,160 41,830 49,335 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 116,045 55,460 60,585 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 17,130 8,815 8,320 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 4,945 2,485 2,455 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 79,800 38,185 41,620 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 19,115 8,465 10,650 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 18.4 19.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.9 19.8 20.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.1 17.7 18.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 21.0 20.2 21.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,445 51,215 55,225 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 13,965 7,185 6,775 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 3,900 1,945 1,955 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 79,195 38,255 40,930 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 13,290 5,770 7,520 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.2 17.0 17.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.2 16.1 16.4 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 13.4 12.8 14.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 14.6 13.8 15.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 618,210 301,665 316,545 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 576,100 284,425 291,675 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 575,700 284,250 291,450 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 61,745 27,745 33,995 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 333,915 154,335 179,580 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 625 275 350 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 240 115 130 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 10 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 80 75 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 30 15 20 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 115 65 50 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 40 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 10 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 45 20 25 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 15 25 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 0 20 50 10 40
Chilcotin 10 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 25 10 15 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 10 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 10 30 15 15
Salish languages 95 30 65 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 20 0 15 150 60 90
Lillooet 15 10 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 10 10 0 0
Squamish 15 10 10 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 60 20 45
Siouan languages 15 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 10 0 10 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 80 40 35 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 0 20 55 15 40
Nisga'a 20 20 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 35 20 15 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 55 20 35 100 45 55
Haisla 25 0 20 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 15 10 10 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 20 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 10 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 333,340 154,080 179,260 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,165 3,840 3,330 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 65 45 25 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 355 180 180 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 120 75 45 190 110 80
Somali 235 105 130 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 6,825 3,675 3,155 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 410 225 190 1,755 905 855
Arabic 3,755 2,140 1,615 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 75 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 545 270 275
Harari 15 15 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 2,470 1,220 1,255 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 30 20 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 170 85 85 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,740 6,535 7,200 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 120 220 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 13,400 6,400 7,000 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 31,410 12,660 18,750 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 125 45 75 495 205 285
Cebuano 1,065 395 665 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 110 70 40 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 350 130 220 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 2,185 870 1,315 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 1,630 800 830 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 105 135 775 350 430
Pangasinan 160 60 100 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,690 11,305 17,385 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 80 35 50 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 205 175 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 300 160 140 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 145 70 75 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,640 1,515 1,120 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 110 55 60 445 210 235
Malayalam 535 300 235 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,650 895 750 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 435 315 125 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 25 0 15 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 111,405 54,185 57,225 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 90 45 40 1,135 580 555
Armenian 440 220 215 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 17,000 7,695 9,300 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 325 160 165 635 310 325
Latvian 170 105 70 310 175 140
Lithuanian 155 60 90 325 135 185
Slavic languages 16,800 7,600 9,205 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 80 30 50 205 95 110
Bosnian 425 185 240 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 545 210 335 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,820 835 990 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,305 610 690 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 130 70 55 345 180 160
Polish 3,035 1,360 1,680 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 6,100 2,735 3,360 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,575 1,215 1,355 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 610 255 355 1,240 595 645
Slovak 805 390 410 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 80 115 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,290 530 755 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 715 400 315 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 140 85 50 350 225 120
Welsh 35 20 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 540 295 245 685 370 320
Germanic languages 16,490 8,185 8,305 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 810 440 370 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 545 250 295 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,855 955 900 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 10 0 120 55 65
German 12,085 6,045 6,040 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 115 65 55 215 110 100
Norwegian 450 260 195 1,405 730 680
Swedish 1,025 430 595 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 70 40 220 125 100
Yiddish 235 105 130 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 75 40 30
Greek 3,025 1,440 1,590 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 36,930 18,670 18,255 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 27,675 13,880 13,800 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 870 500 375 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,390 735 655 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 9,925 5,005 4,920 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 15 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 55 35 20 375 185 190
Marathi 275 160 115 1,275 650 625
Nepali 295 155 135 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,960 8,850 9,110 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 410 170 235 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 190 210 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,575 875 695 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 9,360 4,845 4,510 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 415 235 180 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 210 100 105 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,915 4,625 4,290 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 45 30 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 41,175 19,660 21,520 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 155 75 80 245 125 120
Italian 8,435 3,975 4,455 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 6,235 2,995 3,240 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,350 665 685 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 27,755 13,220 14,530 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25 220 130 85
Japanese 11,240 4,820 6,415 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 90 50 40
Georgian 15 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 8,795 3,760 5,030 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 120 60 65 320 155 170
Mongolian 125 60 65 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,105 590 515 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 55 15 40 495 280 215
Bamanankan 10 10 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 20 10 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 25 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 20 10 105 60 45
Igbo 40 30 15 240 140 95
Lingala 35 15 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 20 210 95 115
Shona 65 20 45 265 125 140
Swahili 585 320 265 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 55 30 25 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 115 75 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 35 300 150 150
Dinka 0 10 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 250 120 135
Sign languages 925 395 530 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 585 200 385 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 350 200 150 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 150,200 68,430 81,770 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 149,515 68,075 81,435 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 100,810 46,565 54,250 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 910 440 470 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 65,800 28,570 37,235 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 35 20 15 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,480 1,885 2,600 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,610 680 925 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,555 1,625 1,930 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 405 385 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 565 285 285 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 105 60 45 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,340 545 795 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 160 60 100 1,125 505 620
Thai 1,220 500 720 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,570 895 675 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 835 455 385
Turkish 1,390 780 615 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 10 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 45 30 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,130 985 1,145 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 85 25 55 495 205 295
Finnish 510 195 315 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,535 760 775 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 205 120 80 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 618,210 301,665 316,545 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 525,810 257,515 268,295 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,285 40,660 37,625 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 447,530 216,855 230,675 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 92,400 44,155 48,245 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 618,210 301,665 316,545 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,175 166,590 158,585 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 262,765 120,310 142,455 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 63,890 30,340 33,550 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 38,210 17,310 20,900 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 63,480 28,390 35,090 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 59,855 26,595 33,255 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 26,900 11,805 15,090 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 32,955 14,795 18,165 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 37,335 17,675 19,655 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 30,270 14,760 15,505 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 262,765 120,315 142,455 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 19,200 9,480 9,720 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 40,950 20,860 20,095 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 55,145 25,130 30,020 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 116,780 51,380 65,405 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 30,695 13,470 17,225 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 262,770 120,310 142,460 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 20,600 10,170 10,430 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,030 440 590 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 950 445 505 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,125 600 525 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 255 110 150 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 485 270 215 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 2,760 1,385 1,375 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 790 345 445 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 455 205 255 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,295 4,710 4,585 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,435 1,650 1,780 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 43,990 21,825 22,160 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,155 505 650 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,050 550 505 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 1,775 945 830 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,210 1,540 1,665 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,175 535 640 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 950 510 440 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,760 1,025 735 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 3,515 1,690 1,820 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 860 465 395 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,150 1,000 1,150 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,590 770 820 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,235 595 640 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,330 945 1,390 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,310 635 675 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,210 530 680 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,970 6,935 6,035 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 5,735 2,660 3,075 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 6,170 3,290 2,880 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 125 95 30 430 270 150
Egypt 310 170 140 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 445 200 245 1,665 835 825
Kenya 675 315 365 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 210 125 80 730 385 340
Nigeria 130 65 60 1,205 630 575
Somalia 100 65 30 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,985 1,060 925 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,195 1,190 1,005 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 186,705 82,370 104,335 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 285 170 115 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 490 250 240 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 66,760 29,120 37,635 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 24,695 11,145 13,550 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 13,000 6,335 6,665 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 7,385 3,865 3,515 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 650 330 325 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 4,200 1,175 3,025 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 5,695 2,355 3,340 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 370 215 160 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 920 505 415 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 28,480 11,390 17,090 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,285 645 640 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 155 115 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 8,920 3,825 5,095 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 11,930 5,555 6,375 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 11,360 5,340 6,025 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 5,300 2,655 2,650 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,335 17,675 19,660 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,180 2,265 1,910 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 480 230 250 960 445 520
Colombia 180 90 90 465 220 240
Cuba 25 15 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 10 0 160 115 45
Mexico 1,020 570 445 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,805 1,010 795 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 65 35 30 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 590 295 295 1,855 875 975
Europe 5,875 3,165 2,710 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 595 320 275 790 415 370
Germany 360 195 170 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 940 590 350 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 15 10 200