Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Prince Edward Island [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Prince Edward Island

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Prince Edward Island [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 631,486  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,907  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 603,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 309,418  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 283,916  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,492.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 114.97  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,686.03  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 631,485 308,515 322,970 142,910 69,305 73,605
0 to 14 years 70,530 36,640 33,890 22,685 11,570 11,115
0 to 4 years 24,615 12,875 11,745 7,005 3,645 3,360
5 to 9 years 22,905 11,800 11,100 7,905 3,985 3,925
10 to 14 years 23,010 11,965 11,040 7,775 3,940 3,830
15 to 64 years 463,390 227,695 235,695 92,510 45,090 47,420
15 to 19 years 28,270 14,310 13,965 8,645 4,435 4,215
20 to 24 years 44,150 21,410 22,740 8,620 4,390 4,225
25 to 29 years 63,480 30,985 32,490 7,650 3,700 3,945
30 to 34 years 61,715 30,935 30,785 7,760 3,735 4,025
35 to 39 years 48,915 24,275 24,635 8,180 3,885 4,295
40 to 44 years 43,890 21,190 22,700 8,820 4,235 4,585
45 to 49 years 46,890 22,845 24,045 9,560 4,650 4,910
50 to 54 years 46,845 23,360 23,480 11,250 5,425 5,825
55 to 59 years 42,100 20,355 21,750 11,330 5,420 5,915
60 to 64 years 37,150 18,035 19,115 10,685 5,215 5,475
65 years and over 97,570 44,180 53,390 27,710 12,640 15,070
65 to 69 years 32,760 15,685 17,075 9,940 4,830 5,110
70 to 74 years 20,835 9,785 11,050 6,625 3,170 3,455
75 to 79 years 16,630 7,550 9,075 4,695 2,180 2,520
80 to 84 years 13,115 5,875 7,245 3,370 1,440 1,930
85 years and over 14,225 5,280 8,945 3,080 1,020 2,060
85 to 89 years 8,610 3,555 5,060 1,895 715 1,180
90 to 94 years 4,140 1,390 2,755 910 260 650
95 to 99 years 1,215 300 920 250 45 210
100 years and over 250 45 205 30 5 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.2 11.9 10.5 15.9 16.7 15.1
15 to 64 years 73.4 73.8 73.0 64.7 65.1 64.4
65 years and over 15.5 14.3 16.5 19.4 18.2 20.5
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.8 2.2 1.5 2.8
Average age of the population 41.6 40.8 42.3 42.7 41.7 43.6
Median age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 44.5 43.6 45.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 41,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 83,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 159,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 4,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 9,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 52,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 91,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 283,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 90,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 36,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 28,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 17,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 618,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 560,955 271,875 289,080 120,220 57,735 62,490
Married or living common law 282,585 141,450 141,135 71,650 35,815 35,835
Married 224,800 111,755 113,045 60,895 30,465 30,430
Living common law 57,785 29,695 28,090 10,760 5,355 5,405
Not married and not living common law 278,370 130,425 147,945 48,570 21,920 26,655
Never married 203,550 106,195 97,355 30,750 16,290 14,460
Separated 12,790 5,330 7,460 3,500 1,470 2,025
Divorced 37,150 14,245 22,900 6,620 2,665 3,955
Widowed 24,880 4,655 20,225 7,700 1,495 6,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 160,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 88,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 35,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 28,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 160,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 135,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 106,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 28,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 71,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 63,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 28,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 27,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 17,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 177,510 84,480 93,030 23,270 10,455 12,810
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 146,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 65,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 80,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 130,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 20,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 622,630 304,235 318,400 141,015 68,540 72,480
English only 518,180 258,795 259,385 121,815 60,290 61,525
French only 375 180 195 115 55 65
English and French 61,710 27,980 33,730 17,840 7,540 10,295
Neither English nor French 42,370 17,275 25,095 1,250 650 600
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 622,635 304,235 318,400 141,015 68,535 72,485
English 566,940 280,310 286,635 135,015 65,690 69,320
French 9,950 5,125 4,825 4,550 2,105 2,445
English and French 3,805 1,735 2,070 235 105 130
Neither English nor French 41,935 17,070 24,870 1,225 630 590
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,855 5,990 5,860 4,665 2,160 2,510
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 2.0 1.8 3.3 3.2 3.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 622,635 304,235 318,400 141,020 68,535 72,480
Single responses 602,805 294,900 307,900 140,020 68,085 71,935
Official languages 328,595 170,085 158,510 132,870 64,475 68,390
English 319,115 165,150 153,965 128,005 62,235 65,765
French 9,480 4,940 4,550 4,865 2,245 2,620
Non-official languages 274,210 124,820 149,390 7,155 3,605 3,550
Aboriginal languages 455 230 230 50 25 20
Algonquian languages 170 90 85 40 20 20
Blackfoot 15 5 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 65 55 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Plains Cree 20 10 10 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 10 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 95 45 40 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 40 20 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 15 15 5 0 0
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 15 15 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 30 30 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 35 30 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 10 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 10 10 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 5 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 0 0 0
Salish languages 35 15 20 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 5 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 0 0 0
Siouan languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Dakota 15 10 10 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 70 30 35 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 35 15 20 0 0 0
Nisga'a 20 10 10 0 0 0
Tsimshian 15 5 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 40 15 25 0 0 0
Haisla 5 5 5 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 5 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 273,755 124,590 149,165 7,110 3,580 3,525
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,305 2,465 1,840 655 365 295
Berber languages 25 20 5 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 5 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 205 120 90 50 25 25
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 75 45 35 0 0 0
Somali 125 70 55 50 25 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 4,065 2,320 1,740 610 340 270
Amharic 305 150 145 5 5 5
Arabic 2,485 1,505 980 575 315 260
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 35 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,050 555 500 25 15 10
Maltese 15 10 5 0 5 0
Tigrigna 120 55 65 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,935 5,010 5,930 115 65 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 295 130 165 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10,620 4,860 5,750 120 65 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 24,470 9,665 14,805 395 155 240
Bikol 100 40 60 0 0 0
Cebuano 880 310 570 15 5 10
Fijian 45 20 25 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 455 165 290 0 0 0
Ilocano 1,900 745 1,155 5 0 5
Malagasy 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malay 960 440 525 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 95 105 0 0 0
Pangasinan 95 45 50 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,435 7,630 11,800 365 140 220
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 345 155 195 5 5 0
Creole languages 100 50 50 15 5 10
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 35 10 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 2,020 1,145 880 110 60 50
Kannada 50 35 20 15 5 5
Malayalam 340 185 150 55 30 25
Tamil 1,330 715 620 20 5 10
Telugu 290 210 80 20 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 78,130 38,030 40,100 2,575 1,320 1,260
Albanian 135 70 60 95 55 45
Armenian 340 160 180 5 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 14,740 6,665 8,075 385 190 195
Baltic languages 265 100 160 5 5 0
Latvian 120 50 70 5 5 0
Lithuanian 140 45 95 0 0 5
Slavic languages 14,475 6,565 7,910 380 190 195
Belarusan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 235 110 125 30 15 10
Bulgarian 465 205 255 10 5 5
Croatian 1,250 580 675 25 15 10
Czech 1,000 485 515 15 10 10
Macedonian 80 35 45 0 0 0
Polish 2,720 1,225 1,495 70 30 40
Russian 4,450 1,910 2,535 140 70 70
Serbian 2,125 1,050 1,075 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian 490 230 260 10 5 5
Slovak 600 270 330 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 5 5 5
Ukrainian 870 370 500 45 20 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 5 5 0
Celtic languages 120 80 40 20 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 10 0 5
Welsh 40 25 20 10 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 5 5 5
Germanic languages 9,005 4,340 4,665 900 460 435
Afrikaans 270 155 115 20 15 10
Danish 400 195 200 20 15 5
Dutch 1,360 685 675 465 240 220
Frisian 5 0 5 35 20 15
German 6,075 2,875 3,205 320 155 165
Icelandic 70 35 40 0 5 0
Norwegian 180 85 95 5 0 0
Swedish 430 195 235 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 40 20 20 10 15
Yiddish 145 70 75 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 0 0 0
Greek 2,160 1,080 1,075 10 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 28,905 14,405 14,500 685 340 345
Indo-Aryan languages 20,600 10,195 10,405 500 240 260
Bengali 935 485 445 40 25 15
Gujarati 935 450 490 5 5 5
Hindi 3,680 1,830 1,850 50 25 20
Kashmiri 10 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 45 25 25 0 0 0
Marathi 120 70 50 0 0 0
Nepali 175 105 70 205 80 120
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,385 6,520 6,860 105 55 50
Sindhi 230 115 115 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 105 45 25 25
Urdu 860 475 380 50 25 30
Iranian languages 8,240 4,180 4,060 180 90 85
Kurdish 410 215 190 0 0 0
Pashto 165 90 75 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 7,670 3,875 3,800 180 90 85
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 22,735 11,230 11,500 475 250 230
Catalan 75 40 30 0 0 0
Italian 4,740 2,315 2,425 65 40 25
Portuguese 4,700 2,260 2,435 80 40 40
Romanian 1,185 555 625 25 15 10
Spanish 12,010 6,040 5,970 305 150 150
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5 0 0 0
Japanese 7,005 2,310 4,695 95 25 75
Kartvelian languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Korean 7,810 3,150 4,655 120 50 65
Mongolic languages 120 50 70 0 0 0
Mongolian 120 45 75 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 440 235 210 85 45 40
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 0 0 0
Bamanankan 5 5 0 0 0 0
Edo 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ewe 10 5 5 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 15 5 5 0 0 0
Igbo 15 5 5 5 5 0
Lingala 10 5 5 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 10 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 10 0 0 0
Shona 45 20 20 0 0 0
Swahili 105 55 50 20 10 10
Wolof 5 5 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 30 15 15 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 20 0 0 0
Dinka 20 10 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 0 0 0
Sign languages 115 55 55 15 10 10
American Sign Language 45 15 25 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 40 25 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 134,375 60,570 73,805 2,790 1,420 1,365
Chinese languages 133,810 60,275 73,535 2,740 1,400 1,340
Cantonese 85,020 39,005 46,020 210 95 110
Hakka 775 340 435 0 0 0
Mandarin 40,120 17,515 22,600 2,165 1,170 995
Min Dong 90 40 50 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,065 1,300 1,760 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,270 525 745 45 25 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,430 1,525 1,905 295 100 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 565 300 265 45 20 25
Burmese 390 200 190 20 10 10
Karenic languages 5 5 0 20 15 10
Tibetan 65 40 30 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 850 295 550 20 0 15
Lao 110 55 55 0 0 0
Thai 740 240 495 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,095 615 480 20 10 10
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 0 0 0
Turkish 915 520 390 20 10 10
Uyghur 20 15 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 15 0 10 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 0 0 0
Uralic languages 1,815 850 960 90 50 40
Estonian 125 50 70 5 5 0
Finnish 450 175 275 20 10 10
Hungarian 1,240 625 615 65 35 25
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 10 5 5
Multiple responses 19,825 9,335 10,495 995 450 540
English and French 1,740 835 905 485 210 275
English and non-official language 17,110 8,035 9,080 460 220 240
French and non-official language 500 245 255 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language 475 215 255 20 10 10
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 622,630 304,235 318,400 141,015 68,535 72,485
Single responses 577,695 283,360 294,330 139,500 67,810 71,690
Official languages 417,460 210,685 206,770 134,930 65,480 69,445
English 413,605 208,775 204,835 132,670 64,445 68,225
French 3,850 1,915 1,935 2,260 1,035 1,225
Non-official languages 160,235 72,675 87,560 4,575 2,325 2,245
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 10 5 0
Algonquian languages 10 10 5 5 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Dakota 10 10 5 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 160,180 72,650 87,530 4,565 2,325 2,245
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,015 1,035 980 435 235 205
Berber languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 80 45 35 30 15 15
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 35 15 15 0 0 0
Somali 45 30 20 30 15 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,915 980 940 410 215 190
Amharic 110 50 60 0 0 0
Arabic 1,220 645 580 395 210 185
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 475 240 240 15 10 10
Maltese 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 55 25 30 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,090 3,275 3,815 95 55 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 75 0 0 0
Vietnamese 6,950 3,210 3,735 95 55 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 11,165 4,720 6,440 235 100 135
Bikol 35 10 20 0 0 0
Cebuano 270 115 155 5 0 0
Fijian 15 10 5 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 145 65 80 0 0 0
Ilocano 645 270 375 0 5 0
Malagasy 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 275 120 150 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 0 0 0
Pangasinan 15 10 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,565 4,025 5,540 230 100 130
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 0 0 0
Creole languages 40 15 20 0 5 0
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 1,210 645 565 65 35 25
Kannada 20 10 10 10 5 5
Malayalam 185 100 85 40 25 15
Tamil 900 470 435 0 5 0
Telugu 100 65 35 5 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 33,965 16,030 17,930 1,115 560 555
Albanian 40 25 15 45 30 20
Armenian 140 60 80 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 5,590 2,550 3,045 175 85 90
Baltic languages 50 20 30 0 0 0
Latvian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Lithuanian 30 10 15 0 0 0
Slavic languages 5,540 2,530 3,020 180 85 90
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 105 55 55 20 10 10
Bulgarian 210 85 120 5 5 0
Croatian 390 180 215 5 5 5
Czech 275 145 130 5 0 0
Macedonian 30 15 20 0 0 0
Polish 805 355 445 20 5 10
Russian 2,055 910 1,145 85 40 45
Serbian 1,110 530 580 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 210 90 115 5 5 5
Slovak 155 70 85 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 5 0 5
Ukrainian 180 80 100 15 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Celtic languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 5 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,385 670 715 200 100 100
Afrikaans 35 25 15 5 5 5
Danish 55 30 25 5 0 5
Dutch 170 85 85 75 40 40
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 965 450 515 100 50 50
Icelandic 30 15 15 0 0 0
Norwegian 15 5 10 0 0 0
Swedish 105 50 50 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Yiddish 5 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 870 415 455 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 16,030 7,620 8,410 460 225 240
Indo-Aryan languages 11,280 5,395 5,885 320 150 170
Bengali 575 280 295 25 10 10
Gujarati 405 175 230 5 5 0
Hindi 1,465 685 780 10 5 5
Kashmiri 5 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 45 20 20 0 0 0
Nepali 85 50 30 170 70 100
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,125 3,885 4,240 65 35 30
Sindhi 75 40 40 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 45 30 15 10
Urdu 410 205 200 20 10 10
Iranian languages 4,735 2,215 2,520 135 70 65
Kurdish 215 95 115 0 0 0
Pashto 90 45 45 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 4,435 2,070 2,360 135 70 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 0 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 9,900 4,695 5,205 215 120 95
Catalan 45 20 25 0 0 0
Italian 1,690 720 970 15 10 5
Portuguese 2,320 1,085 1,235 25 10 10
Romanian 380 185 200 15 5 5
Spanish 5,455 2,680 2,775 165 95 70
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 3,540 1,450 2,090 45 15 25
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 4,685 2,020 2,665 80 35 40
Mongolic languages 60 20 35 0 0 0
Mongolian 60 25 35 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 105 40 70 15 5 5
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 5 5 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Shona 10 0 10 0 0 0
Swahili 25 10 15 5 0 5
Wolof 0 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 0 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 5 15 0 0 0
Dinka 10 5 10 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages 155 90 65 15 10 5
American Sign Language 50 30 20 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 65 50 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 95,010 42,780 52,225 2,395 1,240 1,160
Chinese languages 94,680 42,610 52,065 2,370 1,225 1,145
Cantonese 60,385 27,320 33,065 115 50 65
Hakka 235 95 135 0 0 0
Mandarin 30,085 13,460 16,625 1,925 1,070 855
Min Dong 25 15 15 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,260 530 725 15 5 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 690 310 385 35 15 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,990 875 1,115 270 85 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 30 10 20
Burmese 240 120 120 15 5 10
Karenic languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Tibetan 30 15 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 290 115 180 10 0 10
Lao 25 10 15 0 0 0
Thai 270 105 165 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 405 205 195 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 40 20 25 0 0 0
Turkish 340 170 165 15 5 5
Uyghur 15 10 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 390 180 210 40 20 25
Estonian 10 5 10 0 5 5
Finnish 115 50 60 0 0 0
Hungarian 265 125 140 35 20 20
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 5 0 0
Multiple responses 44,935 20,875 24,065 1,520 725 790
English and French 1,270 625 645 350 140 205
English and non-official language 42,965 19,925 23,040 1,150 575 575
French and non-official language 135 65 70 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language 575 255 315 15 5 10
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 622,635 304,235 318,400 141,015 68,540 72,480
None 478,680 236,640 242,040 133,895 65,280 68,610
English 57,215 26,935 30,275 2,550 1,215 1,335
French 7,105 3,365 3,735 2,850 1,205 1,650
Non-official language 77,120 36,100 41,015 1,635 795 840
Aboriginal 315 150 165 25 10 15
Non-Aboriginal 76,800 35,955 40,845 1,605 785 825
English and French 245 105 140 15 0 10
English and non-official language 1,320 610 705 30 15 15
French and non-official language 930 455 475 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 5 0 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 547,845 265,130 282,715 117,055 56,365 60,690
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,075 256,470 273,605 113,480 54,635 58,845
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,964 36,884 29,835 31,744 36,021 28,065
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,760 257,115 273,640 113,500 54,635 58,860
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,694 32,416 27,492 28,298 31,453 25,484
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 478,365 232,595 245,770 102,410 50,325 52,080
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,054 38,896 29,997 26,979 31,133 23,501
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 364,480 159,405 205,080 87,220 38,945 48,280
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,443 693 1,956 8,232 8,959 7,645
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 401,075 199,930 201,145 86,035 43,395 42,640
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,554 39,000 30,604 26,851 29,875 24,280
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 547,845 265,110 282,730 117,055 56,365 60,690
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,100 256,665 273,440 113,455 54,690 58,775
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,317 58,349 42,777 38,899 43,979 34,171
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,765 257,295 273,470 113,470 54,685 58,785
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,787 45,930 35,948 32,504 36,004 29,249
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 477,830 232,485 245,350 102,480 50,470 52,015
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,607 60,814 42,883 35,474 40,517 30,579
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 364,195 159,020 205,175 87,040 38,985 48,055
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,528 5,268 5,730 8,938 9,236 8,696
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 401,075 200,160 200,915 86,035 43,380 42,655
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,021 57,313 40,762 34,919 39,152 30,613
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 547,845 265,115 282,730 117,050 56,360 60,690
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 170,880 93,385 77,490 38,235 19,905 18,330
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,278 59,824 51,258 45,183 48,030 42,618
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,274 79,578 61,266 51,473 55,726 46,855
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 94.5 90.0 82.5 85.1 79.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.7 76.5 69.9 68.1 70.4 65.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 5.5 10.0 17.5 14.9 20.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 547,845 265,125 282,720 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without total income 17,765 8,660 9,110 3,570 1,725 1,845
With total income 530,080 256,470 273,605 113,485 54,635 58,845
Percentage with total income 96.8 96.7 96.8 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 85,555 38,570 46,980 14,190 6,250 7,940
$10,000 to $19,999 96,425 42,655 53,765 20,695 8,245 12,450
$20,000 to $29,999 66,035 29,500 36,530 18,775 7,895 10,880
$30,000 to $39,999 55,095 25,115 29,980 16,825 8,085 8,745
$40,000 to $49,999 48,970 22,535 26,435 13,650 7,035 6,610
$50,000 to $59,999 38,495 18,730 19,760 9,365 5,095 4,270
$60,000 to $69,999 30,380 15,595 14,780 6,135 3,490 2,645
$70,000 to $79,999 23,860 12,360 11,500 4,580 2,515 2,065
$80,000 to $89,999 18,885 9,910 8,975 3,005 1,625 1,375
$90,000 to $99,999 13,895 7,695 6,200 1,725 1,085 645
$100,000 and over 52,495 33,800 18,685 4,525 3,320 1,205
$100,000 to $149,999 31,480 19,355 12,130 3,220 2,310 910
$150,000 and over 21,015 14,455 6,560 1,305 1,010 295
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 547,845 265,125 282,715 117,050 56,365 60,690
Without after-tax income 17,090 8,015 9,075 3,555 1,725 1,830
With after-tax income 530,760 257,115 273,640 113,500 54,635 58,860
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.0 96.8 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 88,970 40,795 48,175 14,850 6,410 8,435
$10,000 to $19,999 100,690 45,125 55,565 22,520 9,115 13,405
$20,000 to $29,999 77,735 35,220 42,510 23,185 10,240 12,940
$30,000 to $39,999 65,670 29,885 35,780 19,990 10,010 9,985
$40,000 to $49,999 54,025 25,660 28,360 13,485 7,175 6,305
$50,000 to $59,999 39,605 20,115 19,485 8,060 4,550 3,510
$60,000 to $69,999 29,280 15,210 14,070 4,980 2,625 2,355
$70,000 to $79,999 21,510 11,460 10,045 2,435 1,570 865
$80,000 and over 53,275 33,640 19,630 3,995 2,945 1,040
$80,000 to $89,999 14,125 8,225 5,905 1,360 960 395
$90,000 to $99,999 9,350 5,725 3,625 825 595 230
$100,000 and over 29,800 19,695 10,100 1,815 1,395 415
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 547,845 265,130 282,715 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without employment income 146,775 65,195 81,570 31,015 12,970 18,050
With employment income 401,075 199,930 201,145 86,035 43,395 42,640
Percentage with employment income 73.2 75.4 71.1 73.5 77.0 70.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,270 23,085 28,190 11,240 5,470 5,775
$5,000 to $9,999 29,405 13,005 16,405 8,730 3,810 4,920
$10,000 to $19,999 54,795 24,940 29,855 15,030 7,035 7,995
$20,000 to $29,999 45,655 21,135 24,520 11,410 5,440 5,970
$30,000 to $39,999 41,770 19,625 22,145 10,230 4,910 5,325
$40,000 to $49,999 38,570 17,880 20,690 8,635 4,475 4,155
$50,000 to $59,999 30,125 15,295 14,825 6,355 3,565 2,790
$60,000 to $69,999 24,220 12,850 11,370 4,180 2,325 1,855
$70,000 to $79,999 19,345 10,355 8,990 3,420 1,785 1,630
$80,000 and over 65,920 41,765 24,160 6,795 4,580 2,225
$80,000 to $89,999 15,480 8,420 7,060 2,240 1,205 1,030
$90,000 to $99,999 11,080 6,415 4,665 1,240 805 435
$100,000 and over 39,360 26,925 12,435 3,320 2,565 760
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 283,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,327  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,434  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,449  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,957  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 173,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,947  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,841  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,396  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,034  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 173,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,956  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 9,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 87,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 23,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 10,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 67,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 27,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 157,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,607  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,071  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 64,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,651  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,702  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 63,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,712  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,073  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,864  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,468  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 157,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 123,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,477  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 122,724  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 63,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,259  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,258  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,639  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 159,610 77,970 81,640 21,050 9,545 11,505
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,285 32,735 31,872 27,886 29,448 26,731
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,113 29,381 28,877 25,260 26,181 24,551
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 159,335 77,730 81,605 20,935 9,590 11,340
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,574 47,649 43,597 35,224 36,569 34,087
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,678 38,938 36,477 30,060 30,819 29,418
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 618,210 301,665 316,545 139,685 67,895 71,790
In the bottom half of the distribution 312,560 149,205 163,360 82,130 38,970 43,160
In the bottom decile 93,215 45,030 48,190 14,010 6,555 7,455
In the second decile 63,335 29,625 33,710 18,400 8,230 10,170
In the third decile 53,770 25,580 28,190 16,875 8,095 8,780
In the fourth decile 51,155 24,475 26,685 16,630 8,135 8,495
In the fifth decile 51,080 24,495 26,585 16,215 7,960 8,255
In the top half of the distribution 305,650 152,460 153,185 57,555 28,925 28,630
In the sixth decile 50,755 24,580 26,170 15,765 7,885 7,880
In the seventh decile 51,560 25,365 26,200 14,160 7,130 7,035
In the eighth decile 54,985 27,165 27,820 11,940 5,970 5,970
In the ninth decile 62,020 31,070 30,960 9,550 4,840 4,715
In the top decile 86,325 44,285 42,045 6,140 3,100 3,035
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 618,210 301,665 316,545 139,090 67,610 71,480
0 to 17 years 86,040 44,615 41,425 27,505 14,040 13,465
0 to 5 years 29,140 15,210 13,920 8,435 4,385 4,055
18 to 64 years 441,005 215,215 225,785 85,800 41,555 44,240
65 years and over 91,160 41,830 49,335 25,780 12,010 13,775
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 116,045 55,460 60,585 23,460 10,585 12,870
0 to 17 years 17,130 8,815 8,320 5,980 3,015 2,965
0 to 5 years 4,945 2,485 2,455 2,030 1,025 1,000
18 to 64 years 79,800 38,185 41,620 12,380 5,625 6,755
65 years and over 19,115 8,465 10,650 5,100 1,945 3,155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 18.4 19.1 16.9 15.7 18.0
0 to 17 years (%) 19.9 19.8 20.1 21.7 21.5 22.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 24.1 23.4 24.7
18 to 64 years (%) 18.1 17.7 18.4 14.4 13.5 15.3
65 years and over (%) 21.0 20.2 21.6 19.8 16.2 22.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,445 51,215 55,225 8,730 4,215 4,515
0 to 17 years 13,965 7,185 6,775 2,045 1,045 1,000
0 to 5 years 3,900 1,945 1,955 670 335 340
18 to 64 years 79,195 38,255 40,930 6,210 2,995 3,220
65 years and over 13,290 5,770 7,520 480 180 300
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.2 17.0 17.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.2 16.1 16.4 7.4 7.4 7.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.4 12.8 14.0 7.9 7.6 8.4
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.1 7.2 7.2 7.3
65 years and over (%) 14.6 13.8 15.2 1.9 1.5 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 618,210 301,665 316,545 139,685 67,895 71,785
Official languages 576,100 284,425 291,675 138,860 67,475 71,380
English 575,700 284,250 291,450 138,735 67,430 71,305
French 61,745 27,745 33,995 17,875 7,360 10,515
Non-official languages 333,915 154,335 179,580 8,685 4,305 4,375
Aboriginal languages 625 275 350 80 40 40
Algonquian languages 240 115 130 70 30 40
Blackfoot 10 0 10 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 80 75 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 30 15 20 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 115 65 50 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 0 70 30 40
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 70 30 40
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 40 0 0 0
Algonquin 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 20 25 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 15 25 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 0 20 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 25 10 15 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 0 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 10 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 10 0 10 0
Salish languages 95 30 65 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 20 0 15 0 0 0
Lillooet 15 10 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 15 10 10 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 0 0 0
Siouan languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dakota 10 0 10 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 80 40 35 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 0 20 0 0 0
Nisga'a 20 20 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 35 20 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 55 20 35 0 0 0
Haisla 25 0 20 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 15 10 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 20 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 333,340 154,080 179,260 8,605 4,270 4,340
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,165 3,840 3,330 745 430 315
Berber languages 65 45 25 0 0 0
Kabyle 10 10 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 355 180 180 15 0 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 120 75 45 0 0 0
Somali 235 105 130 15 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 6,825 3,675 3,155 735 425 310
Amharic 410 225 190 0 0 0
Arabic 3,755 2,140 1,615 650 375 275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 75 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 0 0 0
Harari 15 15 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 2,470 1,220 1,255 80 45 40
Maltese 30 20 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 170 85 85 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,740 6,535 7,200 50 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 120 220 0 0 0
Vietnamese 13,400 6,400 7,000 55 30 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 31,410 12,660 18,750 660 280 375
Bikol 125 45 75 0 0 0
Cebuano 1,065 395 665 30 10 25
Fijian 110 70 40 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 350 130 220 0 0 0
Ilocano 2,185 870 1,315 0 0 0
Malagasy 10 0 10 0 0 0
Malay 1,630 800 830 40 15 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 105 135 15 10 15
Pangasinan 160 60 100 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,690 11,305 17,385 615 255 355
Waray-Waray 80 35 50 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 205 175 0 0 0
Creole languages 300 160 140 55 35 25
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 145 70 75 30 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 30 15 10
Dravidian languages 2,640 1,515 1,120 170 105 70
Kannada 110 55 60 40 20 20
Malayalam 535 300 235 105 60 40
Tamil 1,650 895 750 40 25 15
Telugu 435 315 125 10 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 25 0 15 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 111,405 54,185 57,225 3,970 1,940 2,035
Albanian 90 45 40 90 60 35
Armenian 440 220 215 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 17,000 7,695 9,300 490 215 270
Baltic languages 325 160 165 10 0 0
Latvian 170 105 70 10 10 0
Lithuanian 155 60 90 0 0 0
Slavic languages 16,800 7,600 9,205 485 210 275
Belarusan 80 30 50 0 0 0
Bosnian 425 185 240 20 15 10
Bulgarian 545 210 335 10 0 0
Croatian 1,820 835 990 40 10 30
Czech 1,305 610 690 35 20 15
Macedonian 130 70 55 0 0 0
Polish 3,035 1,360 1,680 80 25 55
Russian 6,100 2,735 3,360 255 125 135
Serbian 2,575 1,215 1,355 40 20 20
Serbo-Croatian 610 255 355 20 10 15
Slovak 805 390 410 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 80 115 10 10 10
Ukrainian 1,290 530 755 25 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 0 0 0
Celtic languages 715 400 315 85 50 35
Scottish Gaelic 140 85 50 50 25 30
Welsh 35 20 20 30 20 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 540 295 245 10 10 0
Germanic languages 16,490 8,185 8,305 1,225 575 655
Afrikaans 810 440 370 25 15 10
Danish 545 250 295 60 25 35
Dutch 1,855 955 900 550 260 285
Frisian 10 10 0 55 30 15
German 12,085 6,045 6,040 570 250 325
Icelandic 115 65 55 0 0 0
Norwegian 450 260 195 25 10 15
Swedish 1,025 430 595 15 0 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 70 40 30 20 10
Yiddish 235 105 130 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Greek 3,025 1,440 1,590 40 10 30
Indo-Iranian languages 36,930 18,670 18,255 900 470 430
Indo-Aryan languages 27,675 13,880 13,800 635 320 315
Bengali 870 500 375 25 15 10
Gujarati 1,390 735 655 0 0 0
Hindi 9,925 5,005 4,920 165 95 60
Kashmiri 15 10 10 0 0 0
Konkani 55 35 20 0 0 0
Marathi 275 160 115 0 0 0
Nepali 295 155 135 250 100 150
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,960 8,850 9,110 185 95 85
Sindhi 410 170 235 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 190 210 50 30 20
Urdu 1,575 875 695 75 40 35
Iranian languages 9,360 4,845 4,510 265 145 115
Kurdish 415 235 180 0 0 0
Pashto 210 100 105 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 8,915 4,625 4,290 265 150 115
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 45 30 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 41,175 19,660 21,520 1,290 610 680
Catalan 155 75 80 0 0 0
Italian 8,435 3,975 4,455 190 100 90
Portuguese 6,235 2,995 3,240 175 105 70
Romanian 1,350 665 685 25 0 15
Spanish 27,755 13,220 14,530 945 420 530
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25 0 10 0
Japanese 11,240 4,820 6,415 125 60 65
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 0 0 0
Georgian 15 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 8,795 3,760 5,030 185 85 100
Mongolic languages 120 60 65 0 0 0
Mongolian 125 60 65 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,105 590 515 200 90 105
Akan (Twi) 55 15 40 15 15 0
Bamanankan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Edo 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 20 10 10 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 25 0 0 0
Ga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 25 20 10 0 0 0
Igbo 40 30 15 40 15 25
Lingala 35 15 20 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 20 0 0 0
Shona 65 20 45 0 0 0
Swahili 585 320 265 20 10 15
Wolof 10 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 55 30 25 75 40 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 115 75 40 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 35 0 0 0
Dinka 0 10 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 0 0 0
Sign languages 925 395 530 95 45 50
American Sign Language 585 200 385 25 0 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 350 200 150 70 40 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 150,200 68,430 81,770 2,460 1,260 1,205
Chinese languages 149,515 68,075 81,435 2,445 1,245 1,200
Cantonese 100,810 46,565 54,250 300 115 185
Hakka 910 440 470 0 0 0
Mandarin 65,800 28,570 37,235 2,105 1,110 990
Min Dong 35 20 15 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,480 1,885 2,600 45 10 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,610 680 925 105 40 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,555 1,625 1,930 120 75 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 20 0 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 405 385 15 10 10
Burmese 565 285 285 10 10 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 105 60 45 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 1,340 545 795 20 10 10
Lao 160 60 100 0 0 0
Thai 1,220 500 720 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,570 895 675 55 25 30
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 10 0 0
Turkish 1,390 780 615 55 30 30
Uyghur 0 10 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 45 30 10 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,130 985 1,145 105 50 55
Estonian 85 25 55 0 10 0
Finnish 510 195 315 20 10 15
Hungarian 1,535 760 775 80 35 40
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 205 120 80 35 20 15
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 618,210 301,665 316,545 139,685 67,900 71,785
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 525,810 257,515 268,295 133,655 64,805 68,845
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,285 40,660 37,625 26,415 13,440 12,975
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 447,530 216,855 230,675 107,235 51,365 55,875
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 92,400 44,155 48,245 6,035 3,090 2,940
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 618,210 301,665 316,545 139,685 67,895 71,790
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,175 166,590 158,585 129,405 62,795 66,610
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 262,765 120,310 142,455 8,940 4,375 4,565
Before 1981 63,890 30,340 33,550 2,460 1,185 1,275
1981 to 1990 38,210 17,310 20,900 565 240 325
1991 to 2000 63,480 28,390 35,090 670 330 340
2001 to 2010 59,855 26,595 33,255 1,890 950 935
2001 to 2005 26,900 11,805 15,090 560 295 260
2006 to 2010 32,955 14,795 18,165 1,335 650 680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 37,335 17,675 19,655 3,360 1,670 1,690
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 30,270 14,760 15,505 1,340 725 615
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 262,765 120,315 142,455 8,940 4,375 4,565
Under 5 years 19,200 9,480 9,720 1,065 515 550
5 to 14 years 40,950 20,860 20,095 1,895 960 935
15 to 24 years 55,145 25,130 30,020 1,410 690 720
25 to 44 years 116,780 51,380 65,405 3,660 1,710 1,950
45 years and over 30,695 13,470 17,225 910 505 405
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 262,770 120,310 142,460 8,940 4,375 4,565
Americas 20,600 10,170 10,430 1,545 700 850
Brazil 1,030 440 590 20 15 0
Colombia 950 445 505 60 20 35
El Salvador 1,125 600 525 10 0 0
Guyana 255 110 150 0 0 0
Haiti 20 10 15 25 10 10
Jamaica 485 270 215 30 20 10
Mexico 2,760 1,385 1,375 20 0 15
Peru 790 345 445 15 10 0
Trinidad and Tobago 455 205 255 25 0 20
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,295 4,710 4,585 1,205 550 660
Other places of birth in Americas 3,435 1,650 1,780 150 60 85
Europe 43,990 21,825 22,160 3,015 1,560 1,455
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,155 505 650 35 15 20
Croatia 1,050 550 505 20 0 15
France 1,775 945 830 55 40 15
Germany 3,210 1,540 1,665 260 100 155
Greece 1,175 535 640 15 10 0
Hungary 950 510 440 65 30 30
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,760 1,025 735 50 35 10
Italy 3,515 1,690 1,820 60 35 30
Netherlands 860 465 395 470 220 250
Poland 2,150 1,000 1,150 55 20 35
Portugal 1,590 770 820 70 35 30
Romania 1,235 595 640 15 0 0
Russian Federation 2,330 945 1,390 80 35 45
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,310 635 675 30 20 15
Ukraine 1,210 530 680 45 25 15
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,970 6,935 6,035 1,370 755 615
Other places of birth in Europe 5,735 2,660 3,075 335 180 155
Africa 6,170 3,290 2,880 340 170 170
Algeria 125 95 30 0 0 0
Egypt 310 170 140 70 45 30
Ethiopia 445 200 245 0 10 0
Kenya 675 315 365 10 0 0
Morocco 210 125 80 10 10 0
Nigeria 130 65 60 70 25 40
Somalia 100 65 30 10 0 10
South Africa, Republic of 1,985 1,060 925 65 25 40
Other places of birth in Africa 2,195 1,190 1,005 110 60 45
Asia 186,705 82,370 104,335 4,005 1,935 2,075
Afghanistan 285 170 115 0 0 0
Bangladesh 490 250 240 10 0 10
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 66,760 29,120 37,635 1,835 895 940
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 24,695 11,145 13,550 100 50 50
India 13,000 6,335 6,665 225 105 115
IranCensus data footnote 61 7,385