Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 631,486  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 603,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 309,418  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 283,916  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,492.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 114.97  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 631,485 308,515 322,970 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 70,530 36,640 33,890 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 24,615 12,875 11,745 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 22,905 11,800 11,100 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 23,010 11,965 11,040 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 463,390 227,695 235,695 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 28,270 14,310 13,965 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 44,150 21,410 22,740 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 63,480 30,985 32,490 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 61,715 30,935 30,785 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 48,915 24,275 24,635 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 43,890 21,190 22,700 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 46,890 22,845 24,045 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 46,845 23,360 23,480 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 42,100 20,355 21,750 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 37,150 18,035 19,115 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 97,570 44,180 53,390 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 32,760 15,685 17,075 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 20,835 9,785 11,050 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 16,630 7,550 9,075 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 13,115 5,875 7,245 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 14,225 5,280 8,945 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 8,610 3,555 5,060 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 4,140 1,390 2,755 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,215 300 920 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 250 45 205 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.2 11.9 10.5 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 73.4 73.8 73.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.5 14.3 16.5 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.6 40.8 42.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 41,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 83,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 159,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 4,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 9,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 52,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 91,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 283,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 90,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 36,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 28,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 17,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 618,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 560,955 271,875 289,080 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 282,585 141,450 141,135 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 224,800 111,755 113,045 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 57,785 29,695 28,090 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 278,370 130,425 147,945 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 203,550 106,195 97,355 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 12,790 5,330 7,460 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 37,150 14,245 22,900 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 24,880 4,655 20,225 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 160,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 88,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 35,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 28,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 160,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 135,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 106,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 28,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 71,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 63,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 28,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 27,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 17,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 177,510 84,480 93,030 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 146,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 65,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 80,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 130,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 20,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 622,630 304,235 318,400 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 518,180 258,795 259,385 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 375 180 195 1,810 820 985
English and French 61,710 27,980 33,730 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 42,370 17,275 25,095 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 622,635 304,235 318,400 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 566,940 280,310 286,635 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 9,950 5,125 4,825 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 3,805 1,735 2,070 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 41,935 17,070 24,870 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,855 5,990 5,860 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 2.0 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 622,635 304,235 318,400 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 602,805 294,900 307,900 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 328,595 170,085 158,510 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 319,115 165,150 153,965 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 9,480 4,940 4,550 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 274,210 124,820 149,390 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 455 230 230 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 170 90 85 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 15 5 10 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 65 55 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 20 10 10 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 10 5 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 95 45 40 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 15 15 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 30 15 15 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 30 30 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 35 30 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 25 10 15 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 20 10 10 650 295 355
Dene 5 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 10 5 5 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 10 10 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 35 15 20 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 5 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 5 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 250 130 120
Siouan languages 20 10 10 45 25 20
Dakota 15 10 10 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 70 30 35 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 35 15 20 875 435 445
Nisga'a 20 10 10 385 195 190
Tsimshian 15 5 10 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 40 15 25 795 365 435
Haisla 5 5 5 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 10 5 10 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 5 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 273,755 124,590 149,165 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,305 2,465 1,840 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 25 20 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 205 120 90 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 75 45 35 205 115 95
Somali 125 70 55 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 4,065 2,320 1,740 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 305 150 145 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,485 1,505 980 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 35 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 440 245 200
Harari 5 5 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 1,050 555 500 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 15 10 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 120 55 65 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,935 5,010 5,930 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 295 130 165 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 10,620 4,860 5,750 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 24,470 9,665 14,805 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 100 40 60 375 165 215
Cebuano 880 310 570 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 45 20 25 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 455 165 290 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 1,900 745 1,155 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 5 5 20 10 15
Malay 960 440 525 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 95 105 700 320 380
Pangasinan 95 45 50 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,435 7,630 11,800 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 345 155 195 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 100 50 50 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 35 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 2,020 1,145 880 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 50 35 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 340 185 150 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 1,330 715 620 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 290 210 80 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 10 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 78,130 38,030 40,100 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 135 70 60 1,465 765 705
Armenian 340 160 180 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 14,740 6,665 8,075 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 265 100 160 1,070 485 585
Latvian 120 50 70 565 255 300
Lithuanian 140 45 95 505 225 280
Slavic languages 14,475 6,565 7,910 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 10 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 235 110 125 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 465 205 255 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,250 580 675 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 1,000 485 515 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 80 35 45 325 160 165
Polish 2,720 1,225 1,495 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 4,450 1,910 2,535 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,125 1,050 1,075 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 490 230 260 1,395 670 725
Slovak 600 270 330 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 870 370 500 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 120 80 40 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 240 130 110
Welsh 40 25 20 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 95 50 45
Germanic languages 9,005 4,340 4,665 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 270 155 115 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 400 195 200 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,360 685 675 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 5 295 145 145
German 6,075 2,875 3,205 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 70 35 40 275 135 145
Norwegian 180 85 95 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 430 195 235 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 40 20 445 220 225
Yiddish 145 70 75 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 65 45 25
Greek 2,160 1,080 1,075 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 28,905 14,405 14,500 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 20,600 10,195 10,405 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 935 485 445 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 935 450 490 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 3,680 1,830 1,850 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 10 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 45 25 25 255 130 125
Marathi 120 70 50 620 325 295
Nepali 175 105 70 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,385 6,520 6,860 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 230 115 115 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 105 1,675 845 830
Urdu 860 475 380 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 8,240 4,180 4,060 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 410 215 190 1,765 945 825
Pashto 165 90 75 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 7,670 3,875 3,800 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 22,735 11,230 11,500 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 75 40 30 160 85 75
Italian 4,740 2,315 2,425 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 4,700 2,260 2,435 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 1,185 555 625 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 12,010 6,040 5,970 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5 105 65 40
Japanese 7,005 2,310 4,695 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 15 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 15 10 5 85 50 40
Korean 7,810 3,150 4,655 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 120 50 70 360 150 205
Mongolian 120 45 75 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 440 235 210 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 15 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 15 5 5 245 145 105
Lingala 10 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 10 155 70 80
Shona 45 20 20 215 100 115
Swahili 105 55 50 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 30 15 15 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 20 340 175 165
Dinka 20 10 10 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 240 115 125
Sign languages 115 55 55 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 45 15 25 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 40 25 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 134,375 60,570 73,805 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 133,810 60,275 73,535 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 85,020 39,005 46,020 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 775 340 435 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 40,120 17,515 22,600 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 90 40 50 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,065 1,300 1,760 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,270 525 745 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,430 1,525 1,905 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 565 300 265 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 390 200 190 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 5 5 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 65 40 30 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 850 295 550 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 110 55 55 1,100 550 550
Thai 740 240 495 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,095 615 480 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 530 290 235
Turkish 915 520 390 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 20 15 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 15 0 10 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,815 850 960 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 125 50 70 705 295 410
Finnish 450 175 275 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,240 625 615 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 500 280 225
Multiple responses 19,825 9,335 10,495 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,740 835 905 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 17,110 8,035 9,080 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 500 245 255 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 475 215 255 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 622,630 304,235 318,400 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 577,695 283,360 294,330 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 417,460 210,685 206,770 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 413,605 208,775 204,835 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,850 1,915 1,935 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 160,235 72,675 87,560 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 10 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 5 0 5 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 5 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 10 5 5 15 10 5
Dakota 10 10 5 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 310 155 155
Nisga'a 10 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 5 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 160,180 72,650 87,530 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,015 1,035 980 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 80 45 35 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 35 15 15 90 50 45
Somali 45 30 20 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,915 980 940 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 110 50 60 600 275 320
Arabic 1,220 645 580 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 310 165 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 475 240 240 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 55 25 30 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,090 3,275 3,815 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 75 800 375 420
Vietnamese 6,950 3,210 3,735 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 11,165 4,720 6,440 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 35 10 20 75 30 35
Cebuano 270 115 155 1,305 585 715
Fijian 15 10 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 145 65 80 415 175 240
Ilocano 645 270 375 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 275 120 150 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 150 70 80
Pangasinan 15 10 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,565 4,025 5,540 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 310 150 160
Creole languages 40 15 20 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,210 645 565 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 20 10 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 185 100 85 1,225 615 605
Tamil 900 470 435 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 100 65 35 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 33,965 16,030 17,930 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 40 25 15 695 335 360
Armenian 140 60 80 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5,590 2,550 3,045 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 50 20 30 210 90 115
Latvian 15 10 10 80 30 50
Lithuanian 30 10 15 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5,540 2,530 3,020 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 105 55 55 595 300 300
Bulgarian 210 85 120 1,035 485 550
Croatian 390 180 215 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 275 145 130 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 30 15 20 150 75 75
Polish 805 355 445 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 2,055 910 1,145 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,110 530 580 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 210 90 115 500 235 265
Slovak 155 70 85 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 145 65 85
Ukrainian 180 80 100 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,385 670 715 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 35 25 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 55 30 25 305 145 160
Dutch 170 85 85 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 965 450 515 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 30 15 15 75 35 35
Norwegian 15 5 10 140 60 80
Swedish 105 50 50 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 5 5 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 870 415 455 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 16,030 7,620 8,410 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 11,280 5,395 5,885 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 575 280 295 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 405 175 230 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 1,465 685 780 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 45 20 20 270 140 130
Nepali 85 50 30 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,125 3,885 4,240 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 75 40 40 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 45 675 330 340
Urdu 410 205 200 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 4,735 2,215 2,520 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 215 95 115 1,080 540 535
Pashto 90 45 45 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 4,435 2,070 2,360 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 9,900 4,695 5,205 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 45 20 25 65 35 35
Italian 1,690 720 970 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 2,320 1,085 1,235 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 380 185 200 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5,455 2,680 2,775 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 3,540 1,450 2,090 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 4,685 2,020 2,665 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 60 20 35 170 80 90
Mongolian 60 25 35 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 105 40 70 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 10 0 10 65 25 40
Swahili 25 10 15 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 5 15 140 60 75
Dinka 10 5 10 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 155 90 65 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 50 30 20 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 65 50 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 95,010 42,780 52,225 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 94,680 42,610 52,065 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 60,385 27,320 33,065 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 235 95 135 700 295 410
Mandarin 30,085 13,460 16,625 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 25 15 15 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,260 530 725 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 690 310 385 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,990 875 1,115 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 1,745 885 865
Burmese 240 120 120 720 375 350
Karenic languages 5 0 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 30 15 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 290 115 180 1,380 595 785
Lao 25 10 15 460 225 235
Thai 270 105 165 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 405 205 195 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 40 20 25 195 105 95
Turkish 340 170 165 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 15 10 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 390 180 210 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 10 95 40 55
Finnish 115 50 60 725 325 400
Hungarian 265 125 140 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 145 70 75
Multiple responses 44,935 20,875 24,065 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,270 625 645 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 42,965 19,925 23,040 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 135 65 70 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 575 255 315 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 622,635 304,235 318,400 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 478,680 236,640 242,040 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 57,215 26,935 30,275 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 7,105 3,365 3,735 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 77,120 36,100 41,015 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 315 150 165 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 76,800 35,955 40,845 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 245 105 140 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 1,320 610 705 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 930 455 475 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 547,845 265,130 282,715 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,075 256,470 273,605 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,964 36,884 29,835 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,760 257,115 273,640 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,694 32,416 27,492 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 478,365 232,595 245,770 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,054 38,896 29,997 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 364,480 159,405 205,080 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,443 693 1,956 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 401,075 199,930 201,145 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,554 39,000 30,604 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 547,845 265,110 282,730 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,100 256,665 273,440 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,317 58,349 42,777 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,765 257,295 273,470 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,787 45,930 35,948 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 477,830 232,485 245,350 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,607 60,814 42,883 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 364,195 159,020 205,175 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,528 5,268 5,730 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 401,075 200,160 200,915 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,021 57,313 40,762 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 547,845 265,115 282,730 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 170,880 93,385 77,490 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,278 59,824 51,258 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,274 79,578 61,266 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 94.5 90.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.7 76.5 69.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 5.5 10.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 547,845 265,125 282,720 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 17,765 8,660 9,110 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 530,080 256,470 273,605 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.8 96.7 96.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 85,555 38,570 46,980 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 96,425 42,655 53,765 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 66,035 29,500 36,530 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 55,095 25,115 29,980 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 48,970 22,535 26,435 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 38,495 18,730 19,760 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 30,380 15,595 14,780 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 23,860 12,360 11,500 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 18,885 9,910 8,975 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 13,895 7,695 6,200 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 52,495 33,800 18,685 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 31,480 19,355 12,130 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 21,015 14,455 6,560 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 547,845 265,125 282,715 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 17,090 8,015 9,075 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 530,760 257,115 273,640 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.0 96.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 88,970 40,795 48,175 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 100,690 45,125 55,565 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 77,735 35,220 42,510 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 65,670 29,885 35,780 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 54,025 25,660 28,360 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 39,605 20,115 19,485 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 29,280 15,210 14,070 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 21,510 11,460 10,045 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 53,275 33,640 19,630 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 14,125 8,225 5,905 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 9,350 5,725 3,625 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 29,800 19,695 10,100 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 547,845 265,130 282,715 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 146,775 65,195 81,570 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 401,075 199,930 201,145 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 73.2 75.4 71.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,270 23,085 28,190 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 29,405 13,005 16,405 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 54,795 24,940 29,855 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 45,655 21,135 24,520 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 41,770 19,625 22,145 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 38,570 17,880 20,690 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 30,125 15,295 14,825 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 24,220 12,850 11,370 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 19,345 10,355 8,990 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 65,920 41,765 24,160 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 15,480 8,420 7,060 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 11,080 6,415 4,665 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 39,360 26,925 12,435 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 283,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,327  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,449  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,957  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 173,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,947  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,841  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,034  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 173,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,956  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 9,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 87,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 23,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 283,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 10,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 67,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 27,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 157,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 64,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,248  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,651  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 63,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,242  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,864  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 157,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 123,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,168  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 122,724  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,432  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 63,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,259  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,258  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 159,610 77,970 81,640 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,285 32,735 31,872 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,113 29,381 28,877 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 159,335 77,730 81,605 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,574 47,649 43,597 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,678 38,938 36,477 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 618,210 301,665 316,545 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 312,560 149,205 163,360 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 93,215 45,030 48,190 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 63,335 29,625 33,710 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 53,770 25,580 28,190 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 51,155 24,475 26,685 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 51,080 24,495 26,585 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 305,650 152,460 153,185 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 50,755 24,580 26,170 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 51,560 25,365 26,200 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 54,985 27,165 27,820 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 62,020 31,070 30,960 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 86,325 44,285 42,045 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 618,210 301,665 316,545 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 86,040 44,615 41,425 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 29,140 15,210 13,920 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 441,005 215,215 225,785 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 91,160 41,830 49,335 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 116,045 55,460 60,585 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 17,130 8,815 8,320 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 4,945 2,485 2,455 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 79,800 38,185 41,620 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 19,115 8,465 10,650 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 18.4 19.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.9 19.8 20.1 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 18.1 17.7 18.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 21.0 20.2 21.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,445 51,215 55,225 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 13,965 7,185 6,775 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,900 1,945 1,955 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 79,195 38,255 40,930 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 13,290 5,770 7,520 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.2 17.0 17.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.2 16.1 16.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.4 12.8 14.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.1 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 14.6 13.8 15.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 618,210 301,665 316,545 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 576,100 284,425 291,675 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 575,700 284,250 291,450 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 61,745 27,745 33,995 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 333,915 154,335 179,580 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 625 275 350 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 240 115 130 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 0 10 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 80 75 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 30 15 20 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 115 65 50 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 40 310 100 205
Algonquin 15 10 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 45 20 25 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 15 25 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 25 0 20 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 10 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 10 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 25 10 15 455 195 255
Inuit languages 20 10 15 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 10 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 30 15 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 95 30 65 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 20 0 15 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 15 10 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 10 1,280 630 650
Squamish 15 10 10 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 540 280 260
Siouan languages 15 0 10 55 20 35
Dakota 10 0 10 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 80 40 35 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 0 20 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 20 20 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 35 20 15 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 55 20 35 1,460 670 795
Haisla 25 0 20 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 15 10 10 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 20 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 10 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 333,340 154,080 179,260 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,165 3,840 3,330 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 65 45 25 145 95 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 355 180 180 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 120 75 45 245 140 110
Somali 235 105 130 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 6,825 3,675 3,155 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 410 225 190 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 3,755 2,140 1,615 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 75 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 570 285 285
Harari 15 15 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 2,470 1,220 1,255 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 30 20 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 170 85 85 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,740 6,535 7,200 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 120 220 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 13,400 6,400 7,000 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 31,410 12,660 18,750 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 125 45 75 530 215 310
Cebuano 1,065 395 665 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 110 70 40 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 350 130 220 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 2,185 870 1,315 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 10 25 15 10
Malay 1,630 800 830 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 105 135 855 365 495
Pangasinan 160 60 100 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,690 11,305 17,385 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 80 35 50 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 205 175 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 300 160 140 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 145 70 75 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,640 1,515 1,120 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 110 55 60 510 250 265
Malayalam 535 300 235 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,650 895 750 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 435 315 125 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 25 0 15 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 111,405 54,185 57,225 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 90 45 40 1,640 840 795
Armenian 440 220 215 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 17,000 7,695 9,300 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 325 160 165 1,030 515 520
Latvian 170 105 70 555 290 265
Lithuanian 155 60 90 475 220 250
Slavic languages 16,800 7,600 9,205 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 80 30 50 245 115 125
Bosnian 425 185 240 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 545 210 335 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,820 835 990 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,305 610 690 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 130 70 55 400 220 185
Polish 3,035 1,360 1,680 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 6,100 2,735 3,360 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,575 1,215 1,355 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 610 255 355 1,525 770 750
Slovak 805 390 410 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 80 115 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,290 530 755 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 420 215 205
Celtic languages 715 400 315 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 140 85 50 660 395 265
Welsh 35 20 20 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 540 295 245 860 450 410
Germanic languages 16,490 8,185 8,305 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 810 440 370 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 545 250 295 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,855 955 900 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 10 10 0 465 230 240
German 12,085 6,045 6,040 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 115 65 55 405 210 195
Norwegian 450 260 195 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 1,025 430 595 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 70 40 545 270 275
Yiddish 235 105 130 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 155 95 60
Greek 3,025 1,440 1,590 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 36,930 18,670 18,255 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 27,675 13,880 13,800 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 870 500 375 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,390 735 655 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 9,925 5,005 4,920 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 15 10 10 60 30 25
Konkani 55 35 20 415 215 200
Marathi 275 160 115 1,475 780 695
Nepali 295 155 135 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,960 8,850 9,110 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 410 170 235 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 190 210 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,575 875 695 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 9,360 4,845 4,510 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 415 235 180 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 210 100 105 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 8,915 4,625 4,290 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 45 30 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 41,175 19,660 21,520 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 155 75 80 395 210 180
Italian 8,435 3,975 4,455 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 6,235 2,995 3,240 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,350 665 685 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 27,755 13,220 14,530 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25 380 245 140
Japanese 11,240 4,820 6,415 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 115 55 60
Georgian 15 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 8,795 3,760 5,030 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 120 60 65 370 170 200
Mongolian 125 60 65 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,105 590 515 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 55 15 40 630 350 280
Bamanankan 10 10 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 20 10 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 25 105 30 70
Ga 10 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 25 20 10 165 80 85
Igbo 40 30 15 425 240 185
Lingala 35 15 20 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 20 290 125 165
Shona 65 20 45 415 220 195
Swahili 585 320 265 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 55 30 25 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 115 75 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 35 405 210 200
Dinka 0 10 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 325 155 165
Sign languages 925 395 530 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 585 200 385 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 350 200 150 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 150,200 68,430 81,770 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 149,515 68,075 81,435 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 100,810 46,565 54,250 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 910 440 470 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 65,800 28,570 37,235 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 35 20 15 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,480 1,885 2,600 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,610 680 925 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,555 1,625 1,930 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 405 385 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 565 285 285 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 105 60 45 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,340 545 795 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 160 60 100 1,630 735 890
Thai 1,220 500 720 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,570 895 675 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 945 510 435
Turkish 1,390 780 615 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 10 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 45 30 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,130 985 1,145 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 85 25 55 780 350 425
Finnish 510 195 315 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,535 760 775 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 205 120 80 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 618,210 301,665 316,545 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 525,810 257,515 268,295 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,285 40,660 37,625 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 447,530 216,855 230,675 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 92,400 44,155 48,245 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 618,210 301,665 316,545 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,175 166,590 158,585 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 262,765 120,310 142,455 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 63,890 30,340 33,550 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 38,210 17,310 20,900 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 63,480 28,390 35,090 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 59,855 26,595 33,255 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 26,900 11,805 15,090 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 32,955 14,795 18,165 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 37,335 17,675 19,655 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 30,270 14,760 15,505 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 262,765 120,315 142,455 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 19,200 9,480 9,720 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 40,950 20,860 20,095 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 55,145 25,130 30,020 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 116,780 51,380 65,405 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 30,695 13,470 17,225 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 262,770 120,310 142,460 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 20,600 10,170 10,430 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 1,030 440 590 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 950 445 505 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,125 600 525 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 255 110 150 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 10 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 485 270 215 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 2,760 1,385 1,375 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 790 345 445 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 455 205 255 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,295 4,710 4,585 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 3,435 1,650 1,780 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 43,990 21,825 22,160 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,155 505 650 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,050 550 505 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 1,775 945 830 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,210 1,540 1,665 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,175 535 640 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 950 510 440 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,760 1,025 735 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 3,515 1,690 1,820 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 860 465 395 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,150 1,000 1,150 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 1,590 770 820 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,235 595 640 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 2,330 945 1,390 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,310 635 675 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 1,210 530 680 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,970 6,935 6,035 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 5,735 2,660 3,075 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 6,170 3,290 2,880 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 125 95 30 485 310 175
Egypt 310 170 140 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 445 200 245 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 675 315 365 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 210 125 80 985 535 455
Nigeria 130 65 60 1,740 925 815
Somalia 100 65 30 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,985 1,060 925 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 2,195 1,190 1,005 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 186,705 82,370 104,335 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 285 170 115 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 490 250 240 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 66,760 29,120 37,635 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 24,695 11,145 13,550 74,210 34,120 40,090
India