Census Profile, 2016 Census
Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burnaby, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,463,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 223,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,313,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 98,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,027,613  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 92,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,568.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 854.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 90.61  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,882.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 232,755 113,760 118,995 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 31,080 16,065 15,020 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 10,865 5,615 5,250 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 10,405 5,400 5,010 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 9,810 5,050 4,765 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 164,815 80,825 83,990 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 12,585 6,510 6,080 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 18,850 9,760 9,090 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 19,195 9,845 9,355 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 17,880 8,920 8,960 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 15,975 7,800 8,165 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 15,480 7,295 8,180 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 16,615 7,725 8,885 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 17,890 8,525 9,370 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 16,160 7,710 8,450 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 14,185 6,740 7,445 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 36,860 16,875 19,985 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 11,860 5,620 6,245 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 8,120 3,830 4,290 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 6,670 3,010 3,665 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 5,070 2,395 2,680 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,135 2,015 3,115 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,165 1,310 1,855 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,515 580 935 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 390 105 285 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 60 20 45 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.4 14.1 12.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 70.8 71.0 70.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.8 14.8 16.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.8 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.1 40.1 42.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.3 38.6 41.8 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 19,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 22,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 50,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 513,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 2,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 8,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 92,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 25,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 29,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 16,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 230,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,426,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 201,670 97,695 103,975 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 111,890 55,620 56,275 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 98,730 48,990 49,735 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 13,165 6,635 6,535 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 89,780 42,075 47,705 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 63,890 34,250 29,635 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 4,520 1,770 2,750 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 11,625 4,220 7,410 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 9,740 1,830 7,905 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 64,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 30,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 327,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 16,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 13,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 64,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 53,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 47,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 6,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 8,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 53,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 24,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 29,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 13,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 12,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 47,480 22,980 24,500 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 57,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 600,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 21,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 226,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 31,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 322,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 25,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 230,930 112,935 118,000 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 202,685 100,785 101,905 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 110 50 60 1,110 530 580
English and French 12,155 5,560 6,595 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 15,985 6,545 9,435 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 230,935 112,935 118,000 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 211,730 104,790 106,940 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,775 925 845 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,645 765 880 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 15,780 6,450 9,335 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,600 1,315 1,290 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 230,930 112,935 118,000 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 222,230 108,750 113,480 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 93,495 48,940 44,555 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 91,850 48,090 43,765 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,645 855 785 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 128,740 59,815 68,925 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 70 25 40 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 25 5 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 5 5 0 25 15 10
Dene 10 5 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 10 5 5 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 5 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 5 5 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 5 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 128,675 59,785 68,885 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,575 1,345 1,230 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 25 15 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 170 85 85 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 20 5 165 95 75
Somali 140 65 70 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,370 1,240 1,130 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 265 130 135 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,770 940 835 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 20 10 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 90 50 40 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 195 95 100 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,440 1,100 1,340 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 40 30 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 2,375 1,065 1,310 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 9,335 3,810 5,525 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 30 20 15 310 140 170
Cebuano 355 150 210 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 35 15 15 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 170 50 120 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 420 170 255 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 660 280 375 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85 35 50 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,435 3,030 4,405 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 40 15 25 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 830 360 470
Creole languages 55 30 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 5 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 845 440 400 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 60 30 30 225 115 110
Malayalam 165 90 70 1,750 905 845
Tamil 430 215 215 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 190 105 85 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 37,805 18,525 19,280 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 230 110 120 1,090 560 530
Armenian 145 70 70 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 8,895 4,315 4,580 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 30 15 15 645 280 370
Latvian 15 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 5 325 130 200
Slavic languages 8,870 4,300 4,565 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 330 165 170 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 195 95 100 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,535 735 800 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 275 150 125 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 45 25 20 250 120 135
Polish 1,010 500 515 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 2,650 1,230 1,420 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,855 970 890 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 235 115 120 1,145 545 600
Slovak 195 80 115 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 440 195 245 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 15 5 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,155 1,070 1,085 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 55 30 25 1,435 730 705
Danish 125 60 65 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 330 160 170 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 1,505 745 770 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 45 30 20 835 410 430
Swedish 75 40 35 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 475 235 245 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 15,075 7,525 7,550 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 10,405 5,060 5,340 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 480 255 230 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,515 705 810 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,040 960 1,085 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 5 10 225 110 110
Marathi 135 65 70 535 280 255
Nepali 80 35 40 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,000 2,465 2,535 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 440 200 245 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 60 65 1,455 730 725
Urdu 550 305 245 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 4,645 2,450 2,190 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 420 225 195 1,650 875 780
Pashto 145 75 70 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 4,080 2,150 1,925 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 10,810 5,195 5,615 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 3,975 1,935 2,040 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,825 890 935 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 825 415 420 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 4,165 1,950 2,215 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 2,285 780 1,500 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 10 5 65 40 25
Georgian 10 10 5 65 40 25
Korean 7,010 3,210 3,795 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 60 25 35 340 145 200
Mongolian 60 25 30 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 365 180 190 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 40 15 20 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 20 15 5 160 90 65
Lingala 15 5 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 105 45 55
Shona 30 20 15 150 70 85
Swahili 100 45 55 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 30 15 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 265 135 135
Dinka 40 25 15 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 190 85 100
Sign languages 70 45 30 620 330 295
American Sign Language 35 20 15 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 64,125 29,515 34,610 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 63,975 29,435 34,540 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 27,375 12,645 14,730 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 380 165 215 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 32,295 14,830 17,470 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 35 20 15 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,745 780 960 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 780 360 425 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,325 625 695 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 150 80 75 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 75 40 40 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 50 30 25 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 280 85 200 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 50 20 25 800 405 400
Thai 240 60 175 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 460 245 215 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 65 35 30 495 275 225
Turkish 275 160 120 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 70 30 35 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 830 375 450 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 45 20 30 455 195 260
Finnish 185 70 115 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 605 290 315 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 365 200 170
Multiple responses 8,700 4,180 4,520 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 375 190 185 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 8,000 3,845 4,155 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 170 85 85 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 155 60 90 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 230,930 112,935 118,000 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 208,650 102,335 106,315 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 128,685 65,085 63,605 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 128,085 64,770 63,315 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 605 320 290 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 79,960 37,250 42,710 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 5 5 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 79,945 37,240 42,705 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,580 800 780 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 10 5 5 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 80 45 40 695 315 380
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 15 5 80 40 35
Somali 60 30 35 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,480 750 730 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 170 90 80 535 250 290
Arabic 1,100 565 535 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 10 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 45 25 20 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 130 60 70 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,305 585 715 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,280 575 700 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,935 1,690 2,240 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 5 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 155 70 85 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 5 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 355 150 205
Ilocano 135 55 80 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 235 105 130 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,305 1,410 1,890 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 20 5 15 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 260 130 130
Creole languages 20 5 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 490 250 240 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 30 10 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 90 55 40 885 450 435
Tamil 255 125 130 1,935 965 965
Telugu 115 60 55 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 18,330 8,790 9,540 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 95 45 50 530 255 270
Armenian 100 45 55 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,835 2,365 2,470 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,835 2,365 2,470 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 190 95 100 540 270 270
Bulgarian 115 50 60 925 425 495
Croatian 655 315 340 1,795 840 955
Czech 85 45 40 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 30 10 15 120 60 60
Polish 420 200 220 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,835 890 945 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,170 600 560 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 100 50 50 435 205 235
Slovak 80 40 45 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 150 70 85 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 230 100 125 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 5 10 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 10 180 90 90
Dutch 30 15 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 155 65 90 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 5 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 0 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 165 85 80 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 8,275 3,995 4,280 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 5,165 2,425 2,740 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 285 145 145 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 730 315 415 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 810 385 425 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 65 25 35 245 125 120
Nepali 45 30 20 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,695 1,275 1,420 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 195 80 115 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 595 290 305
Urdu 255 135 115 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,095 1,565 1,530 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 290 155 135 1,025 515 505
Pashto 95 45 45 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,705 1,370 1,340 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 4,630 2,150 2,480 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,155 510 645 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 845 415 430 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 440 210 225 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 2,190 1,020 1,175 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 1,105 465 640 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 5,430 2,530 2,900 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 15 15 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 120 55 60 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 15 5 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 20 10 10 40 15 20
Swahili 25 10 15 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 5 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 20 5 105 50 55
Dinka 20 15 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 105 60 45 830 460 370
American Sign Language 45 25 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 35 25 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,825 21,670 25,155 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 46,730 21,615 25,115 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 18,670 8,535 10,135 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 130 55 75 670 280 390
Mandarin 25,855 12,060 13,795 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 15 10 15 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 790 370 425 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 470 220 245 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 365 420 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 50 45 1,630 820 810
Burmese 45 20 20 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 45 30 20 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 100 35 65 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 5 0 335 160 175
Thai 90 30 60 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 265 135 125 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 40 20 15 185 95 90
Turkish 160 85 70 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 50 25 25 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 285 125 160 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 55 20 40 435 190 240
Hungarian 215 100 115 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 22,285 10,600 11,685 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 285 145 140 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 21,670 10,305 11,365 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 45 25 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 280 125 155 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 230,930 112,930 118,000 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 166,660 82,585 84,075 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 29,745 14,340 15,405 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,280 555 725 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 32,210 14,965 17,250 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 55 25 30 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 32,155 14,940 17,220 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 105 40 65 965 435 530
English and non-official language 680 310 370 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 220 125 95 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 199,025 96,635 102,390 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 190,860 92,800 98,055 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,900 33,872 25,109 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 191,170 93,090 98,085 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,533 30,019 23,866 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 168,775 83,250 85,530 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,595 35,283 24,751 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 136,845 59,775 77,070 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,600 768 2,631 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 138,290 70,240 68,050 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,497 37,455 28,060 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 199,025 96,595 102,430 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 190,915 92,770 98,145 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,192 46,589 34,145 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 191,245 93,080 98,165 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,856 38,260 29,680 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 168,935 83,475 85,455 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,816 47,936 33,861 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,805 59,685 77,120 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,687 5,368 5,934 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 138,290 70,485 67,805 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,993 48,571 35,155 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 199,025 96,595 102,430 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 58,885 32,935 25,950 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,370 58,891 48,721 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,793 68,972 54,952 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 92.5 86.3 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.8 79.1 71.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.5 13.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 199,025 96,630 102,395 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 8,165 3,830 4,330 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 190,860 92,800 98,055 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.0 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 38,620 17,095 21,525 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 34,885 15,030 19,860 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 24,160 10,600 13,565 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 20,115 9,225 10,885 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 17,755 8,355 9,400 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 14,000 7,040 6,960 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 10,600 5,855 4,745 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 7,915 4,550 3,365 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 6,075 3,625 2,450 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 4,340 2,650 1,690 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 12,395 8,780 3,615 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 8,740 6,015 2,735 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,650 2,770 880 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 199,025 96,635 102,390 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 7,855 3,550 4,310 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 191,170 93,085 98,080 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 39,770 17,895 21,875 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 36,420 15,865 20,560 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 28,450 12,765 15,680 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 23,580 10,895 12,680 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 19,850 9,695 10,160 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 13,875 7,530 6,350 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 9,640 5,525 4,115 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 6,745 4,030 2,720 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 12,835 8,885 3,950 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 4,310 2,790 1,520 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,580 1,745 835 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 5,945 4,355 1,590 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 199,025 96,630 102,390 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 60,735 26,390 34,345 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 138,290 70,245 68,050 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.5 72.7 66.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 19,460 8,725 10,735 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 10,905 4,820 6,085 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 19,260 8,940 10,320 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 15,740 7,385 8,355 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 14,775 6,965 7,815 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 13,770 6,505 7,260 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 11,000 5,665 5,330 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 8,380 4,755 3,625 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 6,415 3,750 2,670 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 18,580 12,725 5,855 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 5,110 3,115 2,000 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,630 2,335 1,295 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,840 7,280 2,555 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,737  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,107  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 25,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 66,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,672  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 66,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 92,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 27,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 332,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 5,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 20,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 256,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 7,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 62,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 653,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,751  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,107  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 29,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,961  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,723  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 62,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 652,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,038  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 20,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,292  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 29,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,206  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,979  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,627  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,138  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 40,035 20,180 19,850 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,642 27,868 25,506 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,965 25,727 24,253 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 39,965 20,085 19,875 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,992 37,550 34,419 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,641 31,672 29,600 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 230,080 112,680 117,395 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 122,270 58,820 63,450 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 36,590 17,855 18,735 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 24,515 11,485 13,030 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 20,755 9,935 10,820 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 20,060 9,665 10,400 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 20,350 9,885 10,470 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 107,810 53,860 53,945 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 20,805 10,220 10,585 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 20,910 10,395 10,515 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 21,885 10,840 11,045 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 22,840 11,445 11,395 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 21,365 10,960 10,400 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 230,080 112,685 117,400 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 37,745 19,500 18,245 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 12,940 6,710 6,235 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 157,690 77,100 80,595 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 34,645 16,085 18,560 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 47,315 22,685 24,630 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 8,455 4,420 4,035 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,815 1,470 1,345 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 31,820 15,240 16,585 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 7,035 3,030 4,010 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.6 20.1 21.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.7 22.1 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 21.8 21.9 21.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 20.2 19.8 20.6 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 20.3 18.8 21.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 40,895 19,870 21,030 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 6,915 3,600 3,315 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 2,245 1,170 1,080 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 29,540 14,430 15,115 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 4,445 1,840 2,605 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.8 17.6 17.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.3 18.5 18.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.4 17.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 18.7 18.7 18.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 12.8 11.4 14.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 230,080 112,685 117,395 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 214,175 106,155 108,025 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 214,070 106,105 107,960 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 12,260 5,685 6,575 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 149,515 70,250 79,265 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 115 30 85 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 60 20 35 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 0 10 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 50 20 30 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 15 10 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 0 15 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 10 0 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 10 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 10 10 10 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 10 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 0 25 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 55 15 40
Nisga'a 10 0 15 65 35 35
Tsimshian 10 0 10 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 149,405 70,225 79,185 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,335 1,680 1,650 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 235 90 145 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 15 0 15 15 0 15
Oromo 30 0 20 190 110 80
Somali 195 80 110 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,120 1,595 1,520 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 390 200 190 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,335 1,225 1,115 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 10 35 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 260 135 125 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 10 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 280 145 135 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,185 1,550 1,635 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 35 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 3,140 1,530 1,610 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 11,830 5,010 6,820 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 80 35 45 495 205 285
Cebuano 530 240 290 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 60 45 15 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 155 70 80 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 640 245 395 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 1,130 530 600 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 40 50 775 350 430
Pangasinan 55 20 25 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,335 4,285 6,050 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 65 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 160 90 70 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 70 50 25 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,340 635 700 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 75 45 30 445 210 235
Malayalam 275 150 130 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 745 345 400 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 330 150 180 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 48,835 23,940 24,895 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 290 145 145 1,135 580 555
Armenian 215 110 100 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 10,370 5,205 5,160 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 35 25 10 635 310 325
Latvian 15 0 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 25 15 0 325 135 185
Slavic languages 10,345 5,185 5,160 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 30 15 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 485 240 245 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 155 75 85 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 2,335 1,190 1,140 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 330 180 150 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 70 40 30 345 180 160
Polish 1,260 600 655 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 3,510 1,675 1,835 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,225 1,195 1,035 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 250 145 105 1,240 595 645
Slovak 240 110 130 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 50 30 725 330 400
Ukrainian 740 335 405 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 60 55 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,450 1,765 1,690 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 155 85 75 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 155 85 70 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 375 185 185 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 2,505 1,310 1,205 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 90 45 45 1,405 730 680
Swedish 230 100 130 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 15 15 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 75 40 30
Greek 630 295 335 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 19,820 9,765 10,055 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 14,675 7,085 7,585 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 520 230 290 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,710 1,215 1,495 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 5,650 2,700 2,950 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 25 10 15 375 185 190
Marathi 235 120 120 1,275 650 625
Nepali 100 40 60 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,785 3,415 3,370 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 975 415 560 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 220 115 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,020 600 420 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 5,315 2,775 2,545 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 395 205 185 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 205 115 85 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 4,970 2,590 2,385 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 15,430 7,360 8,075 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 15 0 15 245 125 120
Italian 5,760 2,750 3,015 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 2,175 1,040 1,145 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 910 470 435 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 7,330 3,495 3,835 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 3,900 1,710 2,190 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 7,555 3,440 4,115 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 45 25 15 320 155 170
Mongolian 45 30 20 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 810 395 415 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 35 30 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 15 10 10 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 30 15 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 10 20 105 60 45
Igbo 15 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 45 20 30 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 210 95 115
Shona 45 35 15 265 125 140
Swahili 420 195 215 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 65 25 40 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 70 95 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 25 40 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 250 120 135
Sign languages 390 205 190 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 215 90 125 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 10 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 190 125 65 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 70,470 32,790 37,675 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 70,335 32,730 37,600 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 33,515 15,445 18,070 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 430 220 210 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 43,655 19,995 23,660 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,510 1,060 1,445 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 895 400 495 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,315 590 725 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 185 85 100 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 80 35 45 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 55 25 35 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 420 175 245 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 85 30 50 1,125 505 620
Thai 370 150 215 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 765 400 360 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 125 65 60 835 455 385
Turkish 540 290 250 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 65 30 30 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 0 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 965 385 580 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 20 35 495 205 295
Finnish 190 50 135 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 725 310 415 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 230,080 112,685 117,395 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 189,775 93,985 95,790 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 33,760 17,565 16,195 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 156,015 76,420 79,595 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 40,305 18,700 21,610 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 230,080 112,680 117,395 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 102,205 53,330 48,875 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 115,145 53,120 62,025 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 23,205 11,185 12,015 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 13,340 6,050 7,290 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 31,285 14,475 16,810 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 31,250 14,115 17,130 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 14,965 6,875 8,090 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 16,280 7,240 9,045 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 16,065 7,290 8,775 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,730 6,235 6,495 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 115,145 53,120 62,025 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 8,305 4,205 4,095 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 19,075 9,900 9,175 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 22,525 10,315 12,220 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 51,140 22,090 29,050 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 14,095 6,605 7,485 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 115,145 53,120 62,025 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 6,135 2,870 3,260 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 290 125 165 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 355 150 205 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 485 230 260 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 90 50 45 920 415 500
Haiti 20 15 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 220 120 100 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 800 330 470 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 370 180 190 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 165 70 95 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,690 845 845 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,655 775 880 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 17,125 8,495 8,635 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,100 535 565 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,065 525 540 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 250 125 125 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 840 425 415 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 320 175 140 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 425 195 235 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 190 100 90 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,860 1,470 1,390 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 270 130 135 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 960 445 515 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 665 325 340 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 785 375 410 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,255 580 670 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 845 450 395 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 620 270 350 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,485 1,255 1,225 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,210 1,110 1,100 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 4,605 2,095 2,510 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 40 20 20 430 270 150
Egypt 250 120 130 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 335 185 150 1,665 835 825
Kenya 825 335 490 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 90 60 30 730 385 340
Nigeria 70 35 35 1,205 630 575
Somalia 140 45 95 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 375 200 170 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,480 1,090 1,395 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 85,610 38,895 46,710 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,045 535 515 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 290 120 165 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 28,600 12,835 15,760 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10,540 4,780 5,755 71,715 32,945 38,770