Census Profile, 2016 Census
New Westminster, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Westminster, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , New Westminster, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : New Westminster, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 70,996 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 65,976 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 34,235 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 32,708 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,543.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 15.63 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 71,000 34,780 36,215 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 8,825 4,570 4,260 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 3,240 1,640 1,600 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,955 1,575 1,380 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 2,635 1,355 1,280 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 51,350 25,490 25,860 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 3,135 1,600 1,535 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 4,590 2,330 2,260 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,865 2,860 3,005 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,190 3,110 3,080 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,455 2,740 2,720 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 4,875 2,390 2,485 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 5,560 2,760 2,800 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 5,765 2,805 2,955 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 5,390 2,670 2,720 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 4,525 2,215 2,310 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 10,815 4,725 6,090 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 3,750 1,775 1,970 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 2,480 1,150 1,330 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 1,750 815 935 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,310 525 785 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,525 460 1,070 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 940 320 615 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 435 115 325 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 135 25 110 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 20 0 20 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.4 13.1 11.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 72.3 73.3 71.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.2 13.6 16.8 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.3 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.8 40.8 42.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.5 40.4 42.5 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 32,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 5,000 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,485 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,205 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 185 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,590 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,470 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,910 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 50 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 32,710 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 12,530 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 10,915 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 4,390 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 3,140 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,735 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 69,905 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.1 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 62,165 30,215 31,955 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 33,265 16,700 16,565 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 26,530 13,265 13,260 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 6,735 3,425 3,305 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 28,905 13,515 15,390 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 18,900 10,165 8,740 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,815 795 1,015 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,150 2,025 3,130 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,040 535 2,500 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 19,065 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 10,760 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 4,225 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 3,170 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 910 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 19,065 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 16,155 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 12,785 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,370 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 2,910 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,320 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 585 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 16,160 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 8,675 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 7,480 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 3,555 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 3,035 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 885 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 2,910 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,085 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 670 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 155 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,270 8,810 9,460 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 32,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 17,755 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 8,115 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 9,640 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 625 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,325 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 12,530 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,795 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 70,230 34,395 35,835 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 62,930 31,085 31,845 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 40 20 20 1,810 820 985
English and French 5,425 2,570 2,860 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 1,830 725 1,110 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 70,230 34,395 35,835 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 67,150 33,005 34,140 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 795 430 365 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 480 260 230 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,810 710 1,100 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,040 555 485 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 70,230 34,395 35,835 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 68,080 33,370 34,715 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 43,710 22,200 21,510 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 42,925 21,775 21,150 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 790 425 360 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 24,370 11,170 13,200 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 25 10 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 5 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 5 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 5 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,345 11,160 13,185 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 820 425 395 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 40 25 20 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 15 15 205 115 95
Somali 10 10 5 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 770 395 380 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 120 50 70 1,370 670 700
Arabic 550 300 255 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 10 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 85 40 45 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 295 125 165 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 280 120 165 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 3,705 1,515 2,185 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 170 70 100 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 10 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 55 15 40 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 155 65 95 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 145 70 70 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 20 15 700 320 380
Pangasinan 15 5 15 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,075 1,250 1,825 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 25 10 15 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 145 75 70 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 15 10 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 100 50 50 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 25 15 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 11,225 5,420 5,810 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 75 45 35 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 5 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 2,985 1,435 1,545 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 30 15 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 20 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 2,950 1,420 1,535 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 5 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 70 45 30 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 220 115 110 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 185 90 100 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 95 45 50 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 25 15 10 325 160 165
Polish 455 205 255 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,035 490 545 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 455 235 225 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 95 40 60 1,395 670 725
Slovak 105 45 60 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 185 95 90 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 5 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 990 440 545 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 30 15 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 50 25 30 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 245 110 130 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 5 295 145 145
German 585 260 320 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 5 15 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 40 20 20 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 90 55 35 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 4,275 2,100 2,175 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 3,440 1,670 1,765 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 125 65 65 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 145 70 75 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 545 255 290 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 15 10 5 620 325 295
Nepali 20 15 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,410 1,170 1,240 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 15 10 10 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 25 25 1,675 845 830
Urdu 100 55 45 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 830 425 405 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 60 35 25 1,765 945 825
Pashto 45 25 25 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 725 365 355 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,795 1,340 1,460 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 325 160 165 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 460 225 240 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 740 345 395 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,265 610 655 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 495 150 345 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 15 10 5 85 50 35
Georgian 15 10 5 85 50 40
Korean 1,245 520 720 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 10 10 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 15 5 10 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 160 85 75 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 45 30 15 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 10 10 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 0 215 100 115
Swahili 30 20 10 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 15 340 175 165
Dinka 15 5 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 20 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 20 10 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,565 2,505 3,060 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 5,515 2,490 3,030 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,105 965 1,135 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 40 15 25 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 3,015 1,350 1,670 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 5 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 65 75 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 35 45 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 65 70 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 30 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 5 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 40 20 25 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 90 30 60 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 5 1,100 550 550
Thai 85 30 55 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 120 75 50 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 30 20 10 530 290 235
Turkish 75 45 30 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 340 155 180 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 15 5 10 705 295 410
Finnish 60 20 40 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 260 130 135 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 2,150 1,025 1,125 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 150 90 65 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,895 890 1,000 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 55 30 30 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 40 20 25 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 70,230 34,400 35,835 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 65,175 32,040 33,135 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 52,345 26,020 26,330 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 52,155 25,910 26,245 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 190 110 85 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 12,825 6,020 6,800 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,825 6,020 6,800 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 500 230 265 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 5 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 15 10 10 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 475 225 245 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 70 30 40 600 275 320
Arabic 350 170 185 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 45 20 25 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 150 70 80 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 5 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 145 70 75 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,555 700 855 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 75 35 40 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 5 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 415 175 240
Ilocano 50 20 25 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 65 35 25 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,320 590 730 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 10 5 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 85 40 40 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 5 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 65 30 35 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 10 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 5,465 2,655 2,815 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 45 25 20 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,580 775 800 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,580 780 800 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 30 10 15 595 300 300
Bulgarian 165 80 85 1,035 485 550
Croatian 60 25 30 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 25 15 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 15 5 10 150 75 75
Polish 175 90 85 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 680 335 340 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 275 140 135 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 40 20 25 500 235 265
Slovak 50 20 25 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 65 35 30 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 100 40 55 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 65 30 30 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 20 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,430 1,175 1,255 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,900 920 985 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 75 35 40 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 55 25 30 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 230 105 125 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 15 5 10 270 140 130
Nepali 20 10 10 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,420 695 725 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 675 330 340
Urdu 50 20 25 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 530 255 275 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 50 25 25 1,080 540 535
Pashto 35 15 20 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 450 215 235 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,285 625 665 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 50 20 30 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 220 115 110 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 425 200 225 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 595 290 305 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 200 80 125 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 5 0 5 30 15 15
Korean 915 410 505 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 5 0 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 20 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 10 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 5 0 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 140 60 75
Dinka 5 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 10 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 10 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,660 1,690 1,970 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 3,630 1,675 1,960 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,215 560 655 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 15 0 10 700 295 410
Mandarin 2,240 1,035 1,210 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 25 25 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 20 30 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 30 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 30 15 15 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 20 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 5 460 225 235
Thai 30 15 20 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 65 40 25 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 10 10 5 195 105 95
Turkish 45 25 20 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 95 40 50 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 85 40 45 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 5,055 2,355 2,705 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 95 55 40 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 4,860 2,250 2,605 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 20 5 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 85 40 45 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 70,230 34,395 35,835 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 56,715 28,060 28,650 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 5,490 2,670 2,825 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 600 290 305 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 7,165 3,250 3,910 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 20 15 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 7,140 3,235 3,905 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 30 20 10 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 155 65 85 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 80 35 45 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 61,100 29,770 31,330 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,085 28,825 30,265 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,662 41,871 32,156 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,170 28,905 30,270 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,642 36,273 29,355 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 53,530 26,525 27,005 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,508 42,190 31,382 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 39,705 17,190 22,515 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,665 1,484 3,450 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,730 23,670 23,060 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,006 43,034 33,319 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 61,100 29,760 31,340 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,050 28,865 30,180 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,294 50,228 38,617 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,135 28,950 30,185 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,305 41,304 33,470 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,495 26,515 26,985 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,144 50,638 37,764 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 39,890 17,380 22,515 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,368 6,184 6,511 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,735 23,595 23,140 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,347 50,506 38,068 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 61,100 29,760 31,345 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 22,280 12,385 9,895 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,578 59,072 50,284 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,137 67,254 55,732 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.3 92.7 87.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.8 81.7 75.2 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.7 7.3 12.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 61,095 29,765 31,330 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,010 940 1,070 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 59,090 28,825 30,265 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.8 96.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,200 3,500 4,700 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 9,305 3,945 5,360 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 7,420 3,170 4,250 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 6,970 3,205 3,755 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,810 3,220 3,590 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,380 2,720 2,660 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,055 2,245 1,815 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,050 1,735 1,315 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,330 1,350 985 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,600 970 635 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 3,960 2,760 1,190 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 2,955 2,005 955 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 995 760 240 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 61,100 29,770 31,330 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 1,930 865 1,065 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 59,170 28,905 30,270 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.1 96.6 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,470 3,690 4,785 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 9,790 4,215 5,575 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 9,100 4,005 5,090 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 8,750 4,120 4,625 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 7,520 3,670 3,850 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,305 2,895 2,405 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,695 2,100 1,595 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,520 1,455 1,065 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,025 2,750 1,275 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,470 935 535 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 885 590 295 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,670 1,230 445 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 61,100 29,770 31,330 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 14,370 6,095 8,270 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 46,730 23,670 23,060 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 76.5 79.5 73.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,890 2,585 3,310 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 2,850 1,205 1,640 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 5,495 2,505 2,995 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 4,990 2,295 2,700 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,250 2,465 2,785 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,390 2,585 2,805 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,265 2,215 2,055 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,425 1,925 1,495 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,570 1,505 1,070 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,600 4,390 2,210 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,990 1,185 805 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,375 845 530 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,235 2,355 875 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 32,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,695 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,143 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,530 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,000 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,490 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 20,180 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,283 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,192 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 32,710 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 79,968 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,444 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,535 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,195 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,352 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 20,165 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,586 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,530 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 32,705 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 870 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 480 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,130 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,420 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,460 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,285 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,415 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,460 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,475 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,460 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,680 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,385 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,275 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,970 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,720 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,235 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,275 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,135 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,295 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,535 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 32,710 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 895 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 475 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,140 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,480 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,700 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,665 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,750 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,815 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,775 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,700 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,000 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,695 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,405 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,925 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,620 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,655 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,955 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,680 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,025 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 18,860 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,463 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,083 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,950 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,741 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,761 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,445 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,872 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,832 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,730 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,764 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,040 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 18,865 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,779 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,336 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,970 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,284 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,744 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,405 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,520 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,946 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,780 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,271 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,026 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,395 8,075 8,320 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,232 37,028 33,502 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,429 32,704 30,171 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,440 8,085 8,355 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,163 42,416 39,951 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,115 35,790 34,461 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 69,905 34,325 35,575 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 33,805 16,150 17,655 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,975 3,850 4,125 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 6,595 3,020 3,575 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 6,130 2,915 3,215 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 6,475 3,115 3,360 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 6,620 3,245 3,375 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 36,105 18,180 17,925 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 6,855 3,400 3,460 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 7,385 3,705 3,680 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 7,615 3,855 3,765 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 7,915 4,000 3,910 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,330 3,220 3,105 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 69,905 34,330 35,580 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 10,535 5,470 5,065 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 3,845 1,960 1,885 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 49,260 24,335 24,925 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 10,110 4,525 5,585 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,885 5,130 5,755 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 1,790 945 840 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 665 340 325 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,195 3,425 3,775 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,900 760 1,145 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 14.9 16.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.3 16.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.3 17.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.6 14.1 15.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 18.8 16.8 20.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,265 4,435 4,830 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,400 730 675 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 510 260 245 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 6,585 3,195 3,390 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 1,275 505 770 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.3 12.9 13.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.4 13.1 13.6 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 12.6 11.2 13.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 69,905 34,330 35,575 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 68,135 33,595 34,540 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 68,100 33,575 34,525 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,530 2,570 2,955 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 29,490 13,805 15,685 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 10 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 10 0 10 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 10 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,480 13,795 15,685 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,110 585 525 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 20 10 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 15 10 10 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,095 575 515 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 190 100 90 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 785 420 365 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 0 15 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 60 35 30 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 130 75 50 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 290 125 165 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 10 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 265 115 155 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 4,710 1,970 2,740 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 30 15 15 530 215 310
Cebuano 225 90 130 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 10 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 220 90 130 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 275 140 135 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 855 365 495
Pangasinan 25 0 20 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,330 1,780 2,545 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 60 35 25 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 270 130 140 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 55 25 30 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 190 90 100 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 35 20 15 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 14,225 6,925 7,300 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 55 35 20 1,640 840 795
Armenian 25 10 15 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 3,290 1,560 1,725 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 40 20 15 1,030 515 520
Latvian 30 15 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 3,250 1,540 1,710 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 15 15 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 95 50 40 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 250 120 130 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 335 150 180 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 135 60 75 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 15 15 0 400 220 185
Polish 555 260 300 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,295 615 675 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 465 220 245 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 80 35 45 1,525 770 750
Slovak 120 65 55 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 380 195 180 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 45 25 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,630 770 860 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 80 50 30 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 70 30 40 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 360 170 195 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,050 505 545 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 25 0 20 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 90 50 45 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 10 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 130 95 35 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 5,155 2,510 2,645 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 4,450 2,130 2,320 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 185 105 80 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 155 60 90 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 1,530 730 800 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 10 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 55 25 30 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,955 1,405 1,550 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 55 15 35 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 245 145 95 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 760 410 345 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 50 35 15 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 55 45 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 700 370 330 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 4,360 2,140 2,220 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 30 10 15 395 210 180
Italian 670 325 345 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 565 300 270 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 820 380 440 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,510 1,240 1,270 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 945 440 505 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 115 55 60
Georgian 10 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,395 645 750 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 15 10 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 300 175 125 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 35 30 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 15 10 10 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 20 15 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 115 80 30 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 10 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 40 65 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 10 405 210 200
Dinka 20 15 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 165 45 120 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 130 35 95 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 10 35 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,030 2,780 3,250 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 6,010 2,775 3,230 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,495 1,170 1,320 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 40 20 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 4,000 1,810 2,195 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 180 90 90 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 25 35 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 80 65 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 0 20 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 10 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 0 15 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 145 50 95 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 20 10 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 125 45 85 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 245 145 100 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 45 25 25 945 510 435
Turkish 200 120 80 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 425 170 250 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 20 0 20 780 350 425
Finnish 105 35 75 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 295 135 160 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 69,905 34,330 35,575 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 61,955 30,500 31,455 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,725 4,995 4,735 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 52,230 25,510 26,720 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,945 3,825 4,125 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 69,905 34,325 35,575 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 43,330 21,910 21,425 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 24,375 11,315 13,060 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 5,025 2,425 2,605 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,615 1,205 1,410 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 5,795 2,660 3,140 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 7,435 3,350 4,085 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,500 1,590 1,915 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 3,935 1,765 2,175 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 3,500 1,680 1,820 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,200 1,100 1,095 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 24,375 11,315 13,055 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,970 975 995 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 4,140 2,180 1,960 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 4,615 2,145 2,470 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 11,085 4,865 6,215 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 2,570 1,150 1,420 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 24,375 11,315 13,060 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,335 1,115 1,220 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 120 45 75 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 120 65 60 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 190 105 90 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 40 15 25 1,305 600 710
Haiti 15 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 110 45 60 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 285 135 150 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 70 30 40 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 130 40 95 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 810 430 380 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 450 210 245 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,200 2,990 3,210 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 285 140 145 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 185 95 90 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 70 30 35 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 365 155 205 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 40 35 10 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 165 80 80 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 40 25 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 160 100 65 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 205 105 105 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 420 180 240 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 180 95 90 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 695 330 365 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 425 195 225 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 120 115 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 325 170 160 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,495 725 765 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 875 395 485 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,060 590 470 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 50 30 20 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 115 55 65 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 90 45 45 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 30 10 20 985 535 455
Nigeria 50 25 30 1,740 925 815
Somalia 10 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 130 65 70 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 575 350 225 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 14,165 6,335 7,825 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 290 155 140 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 125 75 55 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,555 1,125 1,430 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 815 375 435 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,970 940 1,025 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 335 195 140 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 215 125 90 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 345 120 225 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 970 400 570 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 75 40 35 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 130 65 65 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 4,325 1,810 2,515 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 105 45 60 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 50 25 25 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 570 240 330 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 200 95 100 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,085 510 575 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 615 280 330 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,495 1,680 1,820 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 400 195 200 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 25 0 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 35 15 20 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 90 35 55 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 150 90 65 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 85 45 40 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 515 245 270 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 10 10 970 510 460
Germany 20 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 85 30 50 690