Census Profile, 2016 Census
Coquitlam, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Coquitlam, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Coquitlam, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Coquitlam, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 139,284  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,463,431  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 126,804 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,313,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 54,393  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,027,613  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,138.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 854.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 122.30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,882.68  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 139,285 68,255 71,030 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 22,220 11,395 10,830 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,895 3,550 3,345 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,765 3,890 3,870 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,565 3,955 3,610 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 97,680 47,975 49,700 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 9,085 4,745 4,340 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 9,700 5,110 4,595 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 8,620 4,480 4,150 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,940 4,370 4,570 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 9,005 4,225 4,785 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 9,835 4,505 5,330 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 11,370 5,355 6,015 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 11,640 5,700 5,945 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 10,720 5,200 5,520 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 8,755 4,295 4,465 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 19,380 8,885 10,495 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,800 3,300 3,500 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,575 2,145 2,430 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,455 1,605 1,855 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,345 1,060 1,285 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,210 775 1,435 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,395 555 840 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 630 175 455 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 160 40 120 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.7 15.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 70.1 70.3 70.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.9 13.0 14.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.2 39.3 41.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.1 39.8 42.3 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 19,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 160,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 25,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 513,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 4,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 300,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 9,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 153,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 9,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 5,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 138,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,426,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 117,060 56,860 60,200 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 69,930 34,660 35,270 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 62,735 31,060 31,670 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,195 3,600 3,595 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 47,135 22,195 24,940 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 33,105 17,925 15,175 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,790 1,105 1,680 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,240 2,230 4,005 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,000 935 4,070 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 40,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 17,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 327,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 10,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 9,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 40,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 679,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 33,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 30,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 495,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 33,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 574,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 13,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 20,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 314,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 8,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 129,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 9,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,735 9,230 10,500 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 36,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 600,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 226,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 24,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 374,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 13,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 322,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 138,330 67,900 70,435 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 122,745 61,225 61,510 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 60 25 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 8,710 3,810 4,895 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 6,830 2,840 3,995 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 138,335 67,900 70,435 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 129,250 64,035 65,215 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,320 630 690 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,030 450 580 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 6,735 2,785 3,945 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,835 850 985 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 138,335 67,900 70,435 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 133,980 65,790 68,185 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 71,150 36,065 35,085 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 69,830 35,450 34,380 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,320 615 705 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 62,830 29,730 33,100 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 20 10 15 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 5 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 62,805 29,725 33,080 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,235 645 595 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 10 5 5 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,225 640 585 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 25 10 10 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,110 580 530 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 30 25 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 20 5 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 25 5 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 655 290 365 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 15 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 635 285 350 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 3,510 1,425 2,085 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 125 50 75 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 15 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 75 30 45 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 120 50 70 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 420 195 220 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,705 1,075 1,630 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 30 15 10 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 190 95 100 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 55 25 30 1,750 905 845
Tamil 95 45 50 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 35 10 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 22,690 11,115 11,575 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 50 25 20 1,090 560 530
Armenian 70 35 30 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 5,030 2,420 2,615 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 45 25 20 645 280 370
Latvian 25 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 25 15 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 4,985 2,395 2,595 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 100 55 50 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 195 100 100 1,725 805 915
Croatian 520 260 265 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 210 105 105 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 20 10 10 250 120 135
Polish 1,100 530 565 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,870 885 985 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 355 185 170 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 55 30 20 1,145 545 600
Slovak 205 85 120 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 290 125 170 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,575 770 810 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 80 40 45 1,435 730 705
Danish 115 55 60 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 285 140 140 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 0 80 30 50
German 1,005 495 510 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 15 15 835 410 430
Swedish 50 20 25 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 205 115 85 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 10,260 5,100 5,165 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,890 1,405 1,490 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 50 30 20 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 385 175 205 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 545 260 280 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 5 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 65 35 25 535 280 255
Nepali 125 65 65 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,175 555 615 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 115 55 60 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 60 1,455 730 725
Urdu 310 155 150 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 7,350 3,685 3,665 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 240 120 120 1,650 875 780
Pashto 60 30 30 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 7,050 3,535 3,515 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,490 2,650 2,840 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,335 695 645 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 630 295 340 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,125 565 565 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 2,395 1,105 1,290 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 765 270 490 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 8,565 4,045 4,525 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 40 20 25 340 145 200
Mongolian 40 20 25 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 130 55 80 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 5 0 65 35 30
Igbo 15 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 25 5 20 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 5 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 35 15 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 5 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 23,805 11,200 12,605 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 23,740 11,175 12,570 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 8,890 4,250 4,640 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 170 80 90 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 13,360 6,240 7,120 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 670 305 370 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 255 115 140 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 380 175 205 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 25 35 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 40 15 20 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 5 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 115 40 80 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 15 10 10 800 405 400
Thai 95 25 70 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 350 185 165 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 105 55 50 495 275 225
Turkish 200 110 90 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 25 10 15 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 650 295 355 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 10 0 5 455 195 260
Finnish 180 70 110 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 460 220 240 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,355 2,110 2,245 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 320 155 165 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,840 1,860 1,975 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 80 40 35 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 115 45 70 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 138,335 67,900 70,435 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 127,615 62,710 64,905 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 88,145 43,990 44,155 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 87,800 43,840 43,960 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 345 155 190 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 39,465 18,720 20,750 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,460 18,715 20,745 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 700 345 360 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 5 5 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 700 340 355 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 10 0 5 535 250 290
Arabic 655 325 330 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 20 10 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 10 5 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 140 185 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 330 140 190 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,340 600 740 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 5 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 45 20 25 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 5 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 20 15 10 355 150 205
Ilocano 45 20 25 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 130 60 70 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,075 485 595 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 60 20 35 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 5 0 0 885 450 435
Tamil 40 15 25 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 0 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 11,510 5,550 5,955 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 25 10 10 530 255 270
Armenian 35 20 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 2,490 1,220 1,270 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 30 15 15 160 75 90
Latvian 15 10 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 5 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 2,460 1,205 1,255 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 5 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 40 20 20 540 270 270
Bulgarian 125 60 65 925 425 495
Croatian 175 80 95 1,795 840 955
Czech 65 25 40 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 10 5 120 60 60
Polish 445 215 230 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,255 610 640 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 160 90 75 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 435 205 235
Slovak 70 35 30 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 80 45 40 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 145 75 75 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 30 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 20 10 15 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 85 45 40 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 50 20 25 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 6,480 3,135 3,350 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,245 580 665 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 25 10 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 155 65 90 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 190 90 100 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 5 0 40 15 15
Marathi 35 20 15 245 125 120
Nepali 100 50 55 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 510 240 275 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 50 25 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 595 290 305
Urdu 135 60 75 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5,230 2,545 2,690 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 170 80 85 1,025 515 505
Pashto 50 20 25 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 5,015 2,440 2,575 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,285 1,075 1,205 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 235 100 135 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 165 80 90 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 565 270 290 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 1,315 625 690 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 400 160 240 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 6,875 3,250 3,625 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 25 15 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 20 15 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 20 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 5 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 45 25 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,695 8,360 9,335 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 17,650 8,340 9,310 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 6,255 2,930 3,325 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 55 25 30 670 280 390
Mandarin 10,680 5,080 5,605 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 130 155 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 70 85 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 215 115 100 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25 1,630 820 810
Burmese 25 10 15 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 10 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 5 335 160 175
Thai 30 15 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 145 75 70 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 50 25 25 185 95 90
Turkish 85 40 40 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 250 130 120 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 55 25 30 435 190 240
Hungarian 190 105 90 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 10,720 5,190 5,530 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 220 110 105 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 10,290 4,990 5,305 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 35 15 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 175 75 105 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 138,335 67,895 70,435 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 106,290 52,605 53,685 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 15,440 7,535 7,900 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,065 505 565 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 15,080 7,060 8,015 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 20 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 15,060 7,060 8,005 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 70 25 40 965 435 530
English and non-official language 260 115 145 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 125 50 80 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 115,875 56,430 59,445 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 110,100 53,590 56,505 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,835 39,635 26,081 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 110,255 53,740 56,510 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,848 34,672 24,606 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,335 49,375 49,960 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,897 40,091 24,998 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,755 31,900 43,850 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,148 1,068 3,115 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,455 42,270 40,185 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,288 41,964 27,935 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 115,880 56,385 59,490 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 110,130 53,505 56,630 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,731 52,827 35,137 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 110,295 53,660 56,635 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,575 42,906 30,577 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,090 49,205 49,885 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,052 53,771 34,467 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,970 31,705 44,260 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,936 5,699 6,105 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,455 42,240 40,210 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,056 54,334 35,309 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 115,875 56,385 59,495 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 36,360 21,135 15,225 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,143 63,107 49,187 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 66,928 75,402 55,166 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.8 93.7 86.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.1 80.9 71.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.2 6.3 13.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 115,875 56,430 59,445 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,780 2,835 2,940 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 110,095 53,595 56,505 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.0 95.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 21,325 8,840 12,490 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 18,350 7,430 10,920 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 13,285 5,705 7,580 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 11,030 5,005 6,030 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 10,250 4,840 5,405 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 8,400 4,205 4,195 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,450 3,665 2,780 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,010 2,865 2,140 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,890 2,375 1,515 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,965 1,860 1,110 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,155 6,805 2,350 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,270 4,495 1,770 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,885 2,310 575 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 115,875 56,430 59,445 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,620 2,690 2,930 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 110,255 53,740 56,515 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.2 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 21,935 9,240 12,695 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 19,200 7,895 11,305 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 15,565 6,865 8,700 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 13,310 6,145 7,165 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 11,630 5,655 5,975 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,630 4,800 3,825 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,000 3,510 2,490 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,580 2,800 1,785 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,400 6,825 2,570 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,990 1,975 1,015 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,940 1,390 550 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,475 3,465 1,005 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 115,875 56,430 59,445 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 33,420 14,160 19,260 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 82,450 42,270 40,185 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.2 74.9 67.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,925 5,210 6,715 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 6,315 2,645 3,670 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 10,730 4,800 5,935 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 8,735 4,055 4,680 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 8,025 3,685 4,340 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 7,840 3,710 4,130 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 6,460 3,325 3,140 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,050 2,900 2,150 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,135 2,485 1,655 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 13,230 9,460 3,770 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,310 2,045 1,265 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,490 1,645 845 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 7,440 5,775 1,660 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,662  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,164  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,939  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 39,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,892  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,067  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,097  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,423  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,368  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 39,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 685,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,693  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,101  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 28,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 18,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 332,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 4,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 51,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 960,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 256,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 5,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 38,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 653,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,614  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 20,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,251  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 112,167  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,554  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,852  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,227  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 38,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 652,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,551  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,694  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,844  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,751  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,277  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 20,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 313,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,102  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,277  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,210 7,920 8,290 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,928 36,293 30,208 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,676 32,226 27,756 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,080 7,620 8,460 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,652 43,256 36,407 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,795 36,264 31,571 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 138,090 67,820 70,270 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 66,015 31,560 34,455 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 18,305 8,705 9,605 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 13,035 6,090 6,945 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 11,430 5,415 6,010 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 11,360 5,520 5,840 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,890 5,830 6,060 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 72,075 36,260 35,815 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,330 6,080 6,250 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 13,670 6,800 6,870 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 15,025 7,545 7,480 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 15,715 7,955 7,760 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 15,340 7,880 7,460 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 138,090 67,825 70,270 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 27,520 14,200 13,320 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,315 4,250 4,070 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 92,060 44,950 47,115 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 18,510 8,675 9,835 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,500 11,525 12,980 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 5,940 3,090 2,850 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,595 810 790 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 15,530 7,140 8,390 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,030 1,300 1,735 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.7 17.0 18.5 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.6 21.8 21.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.2 19.1 19.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.9 15.9 17.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 16.4 15.0 17.6 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,360 9,670 10,690 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,995 2,620 2,375 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,295 680 615 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 13,530 6,290 7,245 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,835 765 1,075 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.7 14.3 15.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.2 18.5 17.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.6 16.0 15.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.0 15.4 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 9.9 8.8 10.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 138,090 67,820 70,270 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 131,245 64,980 66,265 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 131,205 64,965 66,235 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 8,395 3,710 4,680 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 73,190 34,835 38,355 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 40 25 15 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 10 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 10 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 10 20 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 25 10 20 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 73,145 34,815 38,335 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,790 925 860 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 10 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,780 925 860 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 50 25 20 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,525 780 745 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 160 95 65 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 30 15 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 715 330 385 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 0 20 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 695 330 370 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 4,875 2,105 2,770 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 210 70 140 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 40 15 30 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 155 80 75 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 235 90 145 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 715 350 355 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 15 30 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,955 1,665 2,290 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 15 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 100 70 30 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 75 55 25 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 290 120 165 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 25 10 15 445 210 235
Malayalam 80 35 50 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 170 80 90 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 30 10 20 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 28,230 13,775 14,460 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 30 10 20 1,135 580 555
Armenian 55 25 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 5,715 2,865 2,855 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 40 15 25 635 310 325
Latvian 10 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 30 10 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 5,705 2,865 2,840 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 25 0 20 205 95 110
Bosnian 110 60 45 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 215 120 90 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 825 425 400 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 280 135 150 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 20 15 10 345 180 160
Polish 1,135 585 550 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,350 1,125 1,225 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 585 310 270 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 230 115 115 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 725 330 400
Ukrainian 455 185 270 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 10 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,360 1,145 1,215 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 325 175 150 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 170 75 95 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 295 140 155 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 1,470 705 765 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 20 10 15 215 110 100
Norwegian 55 40 20 1,405 730 680
Swedish 90 40 50 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 300 160 135 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 12,595 6,290 6,310 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 4,350 2,145 2,205 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 85 45 45 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 880 420 460 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,790 885 905 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 20 10 10 375 185 190
Marathi 150 80 70 1,275 650 625
Nepali 165 90 75 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,680 830 845 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 245 105 140 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 65 40 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 410 205 210 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 8,290 4,170 4,120 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 315 150 160 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 85 50 35 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,105 4,090 4,015 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 7,955 3,700 4,255 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,150 1,055 1,095 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 850 375 475 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,130 555 575 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,185 1,885 2,300 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 220 130 85
Japanese 1,435 640 795 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 10 90 50 45
Korean 9,595 4,645 4,950 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 10 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 325 190 130 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 10 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 10 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 20 10 15 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 0 10 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 15 210 95 115
Shona 25 10 15 265 125 140
Swahili 145 80 60 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 10 10 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 45 25 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 140 60 85 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 100 40 65 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 26,625 12,505 14,110 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 26,575 12,480 14,095 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 11,070 5,185 5,885 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 205 100 110 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 18,065 8,410 9,655 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,055 485 565 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 310 140 165 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 260 230 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 30 20 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 30 20 10 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 145 55 95 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 20 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 130 40 90 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 655 285 365 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 130 50 80 835 455 385
Turkish 505 215 280 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 55 35 25 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 680 330 350 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 15 10 10 495 205 295
Finnish 150 55 90 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 515 265 250 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 138,090 67,820 70,270 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 118,870 58,850 60,020 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 24,335 12,635 11,700 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,535 46,220 48,320 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,225 8,970 10,255 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 138,090 67,820 70,270 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 73,150 37,050 36,105 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 61,060 28,965 32,090 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 10,015 4,835 5,180 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 6,465 3,190 3,275 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 16,680 7,950 8,730 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 18,365 8,565 9,800 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,440 4,425 5,015 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 8,930 4,140 4,780 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,530 4,430 5,100 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,880 1,800 2,080 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 61,055 28,970 32,090 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,145 2,645 2,500 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 10,720 5,790 4,930 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 10,235 4,735 5,505 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 27,545 12,190 15,360 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 7,410 3,610 3,795 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 61,060 28,970 32,090 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,615 1,710 1,910 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 200 80 120 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 175 75 100 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 345 155 190 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 55 30 25 920 415 500
Haiti 50 35 15 265 110 160
Jamaica 135 80 60 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 550 210 340 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 195 75 115 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 135 85 55 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,065 570 490 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 710 315 390 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 10,590 5,140 5,450 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 215 105 105 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 380 205 175 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 120 65 55 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 595 280 315 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 90 45 45 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 260 120 140 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 70 45 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 855 440 415 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 235 135 100 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 880 430 455 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 265 125 135 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 940 485 455 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 920 420 505 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 320 175 145 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 445 200 250 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,450 1,125 1,330 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,500 715 785 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,950 970 980 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 10 430 270 150
Egypt 290 155 135 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 50 25 25 1,665 835 825
Kenya 320 160 155 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 35 15 15 730 385 340
Nigeria 20 10 10 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 10 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 545 290 255 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 685 310 375 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 44,200 20,820 23,380 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 780 400 380 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 40 30 15 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 10,980 5,030 5,955 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,550 2,210 2,340 71,715 32,945