Census Profile, 2016 Census
North Saanich, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Capital, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic North Saanich, DM
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Capital, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , North Saanich, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : North Saanich, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Capital, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 11,249  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 383,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 11,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,991  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 4,936  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 183,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 4,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 301.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 163.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 37.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,340.49  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 11,250 5,520 5,730 383,360 184,900 198,460
0 to 14 years 1,210 625 585 49,895 25,330 24,565
0 to 4 years 315 160 150 16,125 8,135 7,990
5 to 9 years 405 210 200 16,895 8,635 8,260
10 to 14 years 490 250 240 16,870 8,555 8,320
15 to 64 years 6,470 3,080 3,390 250,375 122,140 128,235
15 to 19 years 600 295 305 18,970 9,480 9,490
20 to 24 years 480 270 210 24,740 12,505 12,235
25 to 29 years 310 155 150 24,405 12,180 12,220
30 to 34 years 355 170 185 24,680 12,325 12,360
35 to 39 years 395 195 200 23,515 11,655 11,860
40 to 44 years 500 220 280 22,685 11,020 11,665
45 to 49 years 655 305 350 24,650 11,965 12,680
50 to 54 years 855 390 465 27,725 13,425 14,305
55 to 59 years 1,115 500 620 29,495 13,830 15,665
60 to 64 years 1,210 585 620 29,500 13,755 15,745
65 years and over 3,570 1,815 1,755 83,090 37,430 45,660
65 to 69 years 1,315 650 665 27,665 13,060 14,605
70 to 74 years 935 490 455 19,225 9,110 10,110
75 to 79 years 580 310 275 13,205 6,130 7,070
80 to 84 years 405 220 185 10,165 4,550 5,615
85 years and over 325 150 175 12,840 4,585 8,255
85 to 89 years 210 100 110 7,355 2,890 4,470
90 to 94 years 95 40 55 4,180 1,380 2,800
95 to 99 years 20 10 10 1,145 290 855
100 years and over 0 5 0 160 25 135
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 10.8 11.3 10.2 13.0 13.7 12.4
15 to 64 years 57.5 55.8 59.2 65.3 66.1 64.6
65 years and over 31.7 32.9 30.6 21.7 20.2 23.0
85 years and over 2.9 2.7 3.1 3.3 2.5 4.2
Average age of the population 50.4 50.3 50.6 44.4 43.3 45.4
Median age of the population 56.2 56.3 56.1 45.5 44.1 46.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 4,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 4,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 2,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 11,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 372,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 10,035 4,890 5,145 333,465 159,575 173,890
Married or living common law 7,190 3,580 3,610 187,075 93,310 93,765
Married 6,395 3,180 3,215 150,425 75,000 75,425
Living common law 790 395 395 36,650 18,310 18,340
Not married and not living common law 2,855 1,320 1,535 146,390 66,265 80,125
Never married 1,760 945 815 90,310 48,280 42,025
Separated 135 55 80 9,115 4,015 5,095
Divorced 475 180 295 27,535 9,935 17,600
Widowed 475 130 345 19,435 4,030 15,405
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 2,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 3,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 3,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 2,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 1,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 20  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,315 535 780 89,660 40,715 48,945
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 11,230 5,505 5,730 377,670 182,240 195,430
English only 9,925 4,940 4,990 336,115 163,740 172,370
French only 0 0 0 155 65 90
English and French 1,280 560 725 38,265 17,115 21,145
Neither English nor French 25 5 15 3,140 1,315 1,825
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 11,230 5,505 5,725 377,665 182,240 195,430
English 11,060 5,430 5,630 367,440 177,435 190,000
French 120 55 70 6,175 3,060 3,115
English and French 25 15 10 1,005 475 530
Neither English nor French 20 5 15 3,050 1,265 1,785
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 130 60 70 6,680 3,295 3,385
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.8 1.8 1.7
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 11,225 5,500 5,725 377,670 182,235 195,430
Single responses 11,125 5,460 5,670 372,385 179,765 192,620
Official languages 10,185 5,035 5,155 322,925 157,545 165,380
English 10,055 4,980 5,075 316,565 154,395 162,165
French 130 55 75 6,360 3,145 3,215
Non-official languages 945 425 520 49,465 22,225 27,240
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 265 120 145
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 45 20 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 35 15 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 150 75 75
Comox 0 0 0 5 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 5 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 80 45 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 940 425 520 49,200 22,105 27,095
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 1,685 930 760
Berber languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 80 45 45
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 25 10 10
Somali 0 0 0 60 30 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 5 0 10 1,585 875 715
Amharic 0 0 0 110 45 60
Arabic 5 5 5 1,250 705 545
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 115 60 55
Maltese 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 75 40 40
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 0 1,120 500 615
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 135 65 70
Vietnamese 5 5 5 985 440 545
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 45 5 35 4,025 1,515 2,515
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 5
Cebuano 0 0 0 245 90 155
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 50 20 25
Ilocano 0 0 0 195 70 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 105 30 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 5 30 3,335 1,260 2,085
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Creole languages 0 0 0 45 20 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Dravidian languages 5 5 0 355 185 165
Kannada 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 90 50 40
Tamil 5 0 0 145 70 70
Telugu 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 705 335 370 24,945 11,660 13,280
Albanian 0 0 0 125 70 55
Armenian 0 0 0 50 30 20
Balto-Slavic languages 120 50 70 4,410 1,995 2,415
Baltic languages 5 5 5 110 65 45
Latvian 5 0 0 55 35 20
Lithuanian 0 0 0 55 30 20
Slavic languages 115 50 65 4,300 1,935 2,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 5 0 0 35 10 20
Bulgarian 0 0 0 115 50 60
Croatian 10 5 0 420 210 210
Czech 15 10 5 375 180 195
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Polish 30 10 20 1,115 515 600
Russian 20 10 10 1,080 445 640
Serbian 0 0 0 195 90 100
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 90 40 45
Slovak 10 0 5 145 65 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 80 35 45
Ukrainian 20 5 15 615 255 355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Celtic languages 5 5 0 85 40 40
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 25 20 5
Welsh 5 5 5 40 20 25
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Germanic languages 380 180 200 7,960 3,580 4,375
Afrikaans 10 0 5 185 95 90
Danish 25 10 10 465 205 260
Dutch 115 55 60 2,090 980 1,105
Frisian 0 0 0 20 10 15
German 205 100 110 4,665 2,055 2,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 15
Norwegian 15 10 10 220 105 115
Swedish 5 5 5 205 85 125
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 35 10 25
Yiddish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 20 15 10 320 185 135
Indo-Iranian languages 55 25 25 6,180 3,055 3,125
Indo-Aryan languages 45 20 25 5,220 2,565 2,660
Bengali 5 0 0 150 70 80
Gujarati 0 5 0 150 75 75
Hindi 5 5 0 525 280 245
Kashmiri 5 5 5 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 15 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 30 15 20
Nepali 5 5 5 75 40 30
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 10 15 3,885 1,860 2,025
Sindhi 0 0 0 50 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 80 45 35
Urdu 0 0 0 265 145 120
Iranian languages 10 0 0 935 480 450
Kurdish 0 0 0 5 10 0
Pashto 0 0 0 50 30 20
Persian (Farsi) 5 0 0 870 445 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 120 60 60 5,810 2,700 3,110
Catalan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Italian 45 20 20 1,065 525 545
Portuguese 20 15 5 1,410 645 755
Romanian 5 0 0 295 140 155
Spanish 55 20 35 3,025 1,385 1,640
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Japanese 15 5 10 1,510 425 1,090
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 0
Korean 10 5 5 1,620 670 945
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 290 140 140
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 0 10
Lingala 0 0 0 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Shona 0 0 0 15 5 5
Swahili 0 0 0 65 35 30
Wolof 0 0 0 10 10 5
Yoruba 0 0 0 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Sign languages 5 0 0 110 60 45
American Sign Language 5 0 0 45 20 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 65 40 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 40 55 11,945 5,310 6,630
Chinese languages 95 35 55 11,865 5,260 6,600
Cantonese 40 15 25 5,150 2,350 2,800
Hakka 0 0 0 45 15 35
Mandarin 45 15 30 5,785 2,510 3,280
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 0 230 100 125
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 5 125 50 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 520 240 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 80 50 35
Burmese 0 0 0 35 25 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibetan 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 10 320 85 235
Lao 0 0 0 15 5 10
Thai 10 0 10 300 75 225
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 5 0 180 105 75
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkish 5 0 0 160 95 65
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uralic languages 35 15 20 1,010 460 550
Estonian 5 0 0 65 20 40
Finnish 15 5 10 270 100 170
Hungarian 15 10 5 680 345 335
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 10
Multiple responses 105 50 55 5,280 2,470 2,815
English and French 25 10 15 1,090 500 590
English and non-official language 75 35 40 3,910 1,840 2,075
French and non-official language 0 0 0 150 70 80
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 135 60 70
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 11,230 5,505 5,725 377,670 182,240 195,435
Single responses 11,115 5,455 5,655 368,105 177,880 190,225
Official languages 10,885 5,350 5,530 348,310 168,790 179,525
English 10,865 5,345 5,520 346,395 167,875 178,525
French 25 10 10 1,910 920 995
Non-official languages 230 105 120 19,795 9,090 10,700
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 35 10 25
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 30 10 20
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 5 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 10
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 225 105 120 19,755 9,080 10,675
Afro-Asiatic languages 0 0 0 820 400 420
Berber languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 35 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 0 0 0 785 385 400
Amharic 0 0 0 30 10 20
Arabic 0 0 0 660 330 325
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 50 25 25
Maltese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 45 15 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 0 605 280 320
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Vietnamese 5 5 0 530 245 285
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 10 5 5 1,575 685 890
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 60 30 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ilocano 0 0 0 65 25 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 0 1,420 625 795
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Kannada 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malayalam 0 0 0 45 25 20
Tamil 5 0 5 45 25 20
Telugu 0 0 0 35 20 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 140 65 75 7,150 3,385 3,765
Albanian 0 0 0 70 30 35
Armenian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 30 10 20 1,180 550 630
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 30 10 20 1,180 550 630
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Bulgarian 0 0 0 50 25 25
Croatian 5 0 0 125 60 60
Czech 0 0 0 70 30 35
Macedonian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Polish 5 0 5 285 140 145
Russian 15 10 10 445 200 240
Serbian 0 0 0 70 30 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slovak 0 0 0 20 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ukrainian 0 0 0 75 25 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 55 25 30 885 425 460
Afrikaans 5 0 5 50 20 30
Danish 5 0 0 25 15 15
Dutch 10 5 5 190 85 100
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 40 20 20 580 290 300
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swedish 5 0 0 20 10 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 0 0 0 50 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 20 10 10 3,080 1,475 1,605
Indo-Aryan languages 15 5 5 2,610 1,240 1,370
Bengali 0 0 0 70 30 35
Gujarati 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hindi 5 5 5 185 90 90
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Marathi 0 0 0 15 5 10
Nepali 0 0 0 35 20 15
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 10 2,075 970 1,105
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 0 0 0 155 75 70
Iranian languages 5 0 0 460 230 230
Kurdish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 0 0 0 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 0 5 0 435 215 220
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 35 20 15 1,865 870 995
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 10 0 0 160 70 95
Portuguese 5 5 5 450 205 240
Romanian 0 0 0 100 40 60
Spanish 20 10 10 1,155 550 600
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 5 525 205 320
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 5
Korean 5 0 5 1,030 455 580
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 15 5 5
Shona 0 0 0 15 5 5
Swahili 0 0 0 20 5 10
Wolof 0 0 0 0 5 5
Yoruba 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 5 0 0 140 80 60
American Sign Language 0 0 0 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 5 105 60 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 45 20 30 7,375 3,340 4,030
Chinese languages 45 20 30 7,345 3,325 4,015
Cantonese 15 5 5 2,860 1,315 1,545
Hakka 0 0 0 10 5 5
Mandarin 30 15 20 4,035 1,815 2,220
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 75 30 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 65 30 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 300 135 170
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Burmese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 95 40 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 5 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 40 20 20
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkish 5 5 0 35 15 20
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 10 0 5 175 85 90
Estonian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Finnish 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 10 0 5 140 65 70
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 5 0 5
Multiple responses 120 45 75 9,565 4,360 5,210
English and French 15 5 10 685 325 360
English and non-official language 100 40 60 8,635 3,915 4,725
French and non-official language 0 0 0 45 15 25
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 195 100 100
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 11,230 5,500 5,730 377,665 182,240 195,430
None 10,580 5,225 5,355 344,665 167,330 177,330
English 120 60 60 9,650 4,510 5,135
French 155 60 90 5,110 2,280 2,830
Non-official language 360 150 205 17,570 7,820 9,750
Aboriginal 10 5 5 410 185 225
Non-Aboriginal 345 145 200 17,160 7,635 9,530
English and French 0 0 0 75 35 40
English and non-official language 5 0 0 220 105 115
French and non-official language 15 5 10 375 155 220
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,980 4,855 5,125 323,105 154,705 168,395
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,720 4,730 4,990 313,565 150,050 163,515
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,913 57,301 35,405 37,101 43,280 32,519
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,735 4,740 4,995 313,940 150,340 163,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,162 49,000 31,891 32,999 37,664 29,515
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,335 4,565 4,765 291,005 139,955 151,050
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,875 51,747 30,076 34,287 41,169 28,761
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,550 2,940 3,610 220,730 95,175 125,555
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,616 11,373 8,239 5,626 5,487 5,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,815 3,470 3,345 235,565 117,030 118,530
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,355 40,384 23,963 31,820 37,181 27,515
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 9,985 4,845 5,140 323,120 154,690 168,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,730 4,715 5,010 313,485 149,965 163,515
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,226 88,208 47,478 48,004 56,068 40,608
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,735 4,725 5,015 313,905 150,315 163,590
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,018 68,805 40,066 39,939 45,390 34,931
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,370 4,555 4,810 291,045 139,970 151,075
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 63,529 85,063 43,159 46,044 55,034 37,714
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,480 2,945 3,530 220,660 95,125 125,535
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,074 9,728 8,529 7,466 7,411 7,508
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,820 3,440 3,385 235,565 117,480 118,085
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,324 65,449 36,969 41,654 48,343 35,000
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 9,985 4,845 5,140 323,120 154,690 168,430
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 2,610 1,520 1,095 100,060 54,770 45,290
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,250 69,570 62,025 53,896 59,237 49,179
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 79,809 87,762 68,831 61,987 67,979 54,742
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.6 92.8 86.9 89.0 91.5 85.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 54.2 55.6 51.7 65.5 68.2 62.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.3 7.2 13.1 11.0 8.5 14.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 9,980 4,855 5,125 323,105 154,705 168,395
Without total income 260 125 135 9,540 4,660 4,880
With total income 9,720 4,730 4,995 313,565 150,045 163,520
Percentage with total income 97.4 97.4 97.5 97.0 97.0 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,045 415 630 38,870 16,965 21,900
$10,000 to $19,999 1,250 440 810 49,620 20,050 29,565
$20,000 to $29,999 1,095 400 690 41,670 16,905 24,760
$30,000 to $39,999 980 360 615 37,070 15,960 21,110
$40,000 to $49,999 955 425 525 34,105 15,280 18,825
$50,000 to $59,999 840 440 405 27,780 13,445 14,335
$60,000 to $69,999 700 390 310 21,305 11,800 9,505
$70,000 to $79,999 610 350 260 17,165 9,825 7,335
$80,000 to $89,999 495 300 190 12,865 7,740 5,130
$90,000 to $99,999 375 215 165 9,080 5,505 3,570
$100,000 and over 1,375 990 390 24,050 16,570 7,480
$100,000 to $149,999 840 585 255 16,365 11,040 5,325
$150,000 and over 530 405 130 7,680 5,530 2,155
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 9,980 4,855 5,125 323,105 154,710 168,395
Without after-tax income 240 115 125 9,165 4,370 4,790
With after-tax income 9,740 4,745 5,000 313,940 150,340 163,600
Percentage with after-tax income 97.6 97.7 97.6 97.2 97.2 97.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,180 465 715 41,265 18,090 23,170
$10,000 to $19,999 1,355 485 865 52,180 21,485 30,690
$20,000 to $29,999 1,245 460 790 50,090 20,890 29,200
$30,000 to $39,999 1,180 495 685 43,960 19,300 24,665
$40,000 to $49,999 1,080 525 550 38,350 17,920 20,430
$50,000 to $59,999 940 515 420 28,240 15,315 12,930
$60,000 to $69,999 750 460 295 20,580 12,015 8,565
$70,000 to $79,999 590 340 250 14,105 8,350 5,755
$80,000 and over 1,425 1,000 420 25,175 16,985 8,190
$80,000 to $89,999 350 215 135 8,045 5,125 2,925
$90,000 to $99,999 265 175 90 4,955 3,320 1,630
$100,000 and over 805 610 200 12,180 8,545 3,635
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 9,980 4,855 5,125 323,100 154,710 168,400
Without employment income 3,165 1,380 1,780 87,545 37,680 49,870
With employment income 6,815 3,475 3,350 235,560 117,035 118,530
Percentage with employment income 68.3 71.6 65.4 72.9 75.6 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,600 800 800 39,980 18,660 21,320
$5,000 to $9,999 500 215 280 17,595 7,535 10,060
$10,000 to $19,999 795 335 460 30,295 13,185 17,110
$20,000 to $29,999 540 215 325 25,355 11,395 13,960
$30,000 to $39,999 450 165 285 23,315 10,625 12,685
$40,000 to $49,999 450 205 250 22,630 9,985 12,645
$50,000 to $59,999 450 210 235 18,335 8,980 9,360
$60,000 to $69,999 365 210 160 14,165 8,050 6,115
$70,000 to $79,999 345 200 155 12,320 7,240 5,085
$80,000 and over 1,320 920 400 31,575 21,390 10,185
$80,000 to $89,999 305 185 120 9,570 5,885 3,680
$90,000 to $99,999 205 115 90 6,525 4,135 2,385
$100,000 and over 805 625 185 15,485 11,360 4,120
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 103,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 88,064  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,652  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,429  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,293  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,679  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,439  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 4,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 141,316  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,438  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 113,682  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,679  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 72,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 155,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 125,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 2,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 1,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 2,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,602  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,253  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 141,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,699  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,468  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,707  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,843  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 154,076  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,112  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 123,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 2,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 157,933  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 125,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,194  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 166,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,386  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,658  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,802  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,150 485 670 82,365 37,715 44,650
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,688 47,616 39,637 32,199 32,549 31,940
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,003 41,600 35,968 29,037 29,094 28,989
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,095 405 690 82,225 37,735 44,490
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 64,413 90,867 48,794 41,417 43,027 40,052
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,981 73,008 41,157 35,284 36,105 34,588
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 11,185 5,480 5,710 372,875 179,965 192,905
In the bottom half of the distribution 3,105 1,450 1,650 174,015 81,325 92,695
In the bottom decile 505 250 255 40,710 19,645 21,060
In the second decile 545 235 310 32,860 14,650 18,215
In the third decile 590 270 320 32,020 14,760 17,260
In the fourth decile 730 345 390 32,810 15,265 17,540
In the fifth decile 730 360 370 35,615 17,000 18,615
In the top half of the distribution 8,085 4,030 4,060 198,855 98,640 100,215
In the sixth decile 1,025 495 530 37,265 17,960 19,305
In the seventh decile 1,300 630 665 39,395 19,445 19,950
In the eighth decile 1,555 765 790 41,105 20,505 20,600
In the ninth decile 1,880 950 935 42,330 21,265 21,070
In the top decile 2,320 1,185 1,140 38,770 19,470 19,300
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 11,190 5,475 5,710 367,660 177,465 190,190
0 to 17 years 1,555 800 760 59,440 30,145 29,300
0 to 5 years 385 200 185 19,010 9,555 9,455
18 to 64 years 6,075 2,875 3,195 232,945 112,650 120,295
65 years and over 3,555 1,805 1,750 75,270 34,675 40,600
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 680 315 360 48,985 22,685 26,300
0 to 17 years 130 70 55 9,300 4,850 4,445
0 to 5 years 30 20 15 2,885 1,495 1,390
18 to 64 years 375 175 205 31,570 14,655 16,915
65 years and over 165 70 100 8,115 3,175 4,940
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 6.1 5.8 6.3 13.3 12.8 13.8
0 to 17 years (%) 8.4 8.8 7.2 15.6 16.1 15.2
0 to 5 years (%) 7.8 10.0 8.1 15.2 15.6 14.7
18 to 64 years (%) 6.2 6.1 6.4 13.6 13.0 14.1
65 years and over (%) 4.6 3.9 5.7 10.8 9.2 12.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 410 205 205 32,930 16,045 16,885
0 to 17 years 80 50 30 5,350 2,745 2,605
0 to 5 years 10 10 5 1,495 775 725
18 to 64 years 280 135 145 25,325 12,355 12,970
65 years and over 50 20 30 2,250 940 1,315
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.7 3.7 3.6 9.0 9.0 8.9
0 to 17 years (%) 5.1 6.3 3.9 9.0 9.1 8.9
0 to 5 years (%) 2.6 5.0 2.7 7.9 8.1 7.7
18 to 64 years (%) 4.6 4.7 4.5 10.9 11.0 10.8
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.1 1.7 3.0 2.7 3.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 11,190 5,480 5,715 372,875 179,965 192,910
Official languages 11,160 5,465 5,695 369,775 178,695 191,085
English 11,165 5,465 5,695 369,630 178,640 190,990
French 1,345 600 750 38,010 16,840 21,165
Non-official languages 1,340 610 735 69,245 31,415 37,835
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 740 335 410
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 140 60 80
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 120 55 70
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 20 20
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 20
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 70 35 40
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 30 15 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 10
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 420 195 225
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 30 10 20
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 10 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 345 155 190
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 90 35 50
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,335 605 735 68,550 31,105 37,450
Afro-Asiatic languages 10 0 10 2,335 1,265 1,060
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 125 55 75
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 30 15 20
Somali 0 0 0 95 35 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 10 0 0 2,195 1,215 985
Amharic 0 0 0 140 65 80
Arabic 10 0 0 1,660 955 700
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 10 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 345 160 185
Maltese 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 65 30 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 0 10 1,390 650 740
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 175 95 80
Vietnamese 0 0 0 1,220 555 665
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 45 10 40 5,355 1,920 3,435
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 375 160 215
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 100 30 70
Ilocano 0 0 0 285 105 175
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 320 125 205
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 10 30 4,815 1,705 3,110
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 25 10 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 100 40 50
Creole languages 10 0 10 160 80 75
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 10 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 55 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 70 20 50
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 425 235 190
Kannada 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 155 95 60
Tamil 0 0 0 195 105 90
Telugu 0 0 0 95 45 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,110 525 585 39,430 18,285 21,145
Albanian 0 0 0 145 95 50
Armenian 0 0 0 70 35 40
Balto-Slavic languages 140 50 95 5,140 2,375 2,765
Baltic languages 0 0 0 90 60 35
Latvian 10 0 0 45 25 20
Lithuanian 0 0 0 45 35 10
Slavic languages 140 50 90 5,050 2,315 2,735
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Bosnian 15 0 15 55 15 40
Bulgarian 0 0 0 150 80 75
Croatian 15 0 15 755 395 360
Czech 20 10 0 545 260 285
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 0
Polish 30 15 15 1,195 540 650
Russian 50 25 25 1,710 760 950
Serbian 0 0 0 235 105 125
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 60 40 20
Slovak 10 0 10 155 80 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 55 15 40
Ukrainian 15 10 10 755 320 440
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10 150 60 90
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 60 30 30
Welsh 15 0 0 55 20 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 35 15 20
Germanic languages 535 260 280 12,105 5,580 6,530
Afrikaans 60 40 20 595 290 300
Danish 10 0 10 640 285 355
Dutch 115 45 70 2,275 1,115 1,155
Frisian 0 0 0 60 20 40
German 315 155 165 8,230 3,750 4,475
Icelandic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Norwegian 30 15 10 305 165 140
Swedish 20 10 10 385 175 215
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 10 0 0 55 15 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Greek 60 35 25 540 290 250
Indo-Iranian languages 50 25 30 8,025 4,035 3,990
Indo-Aryan languages 45 15 25 6,865 3,450 3,420
Bengali 0 0 0 145 55 90
Gujarati 10 0 10 195 105 90
Hindi 15 0 10 1,895 990 900
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 10 0
Konkani 0 0 0 15 10 10
Marathi 0 0 0 50 30 20
Nepali 0 0 0 95 30 70
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 10 5,310 2,620 2,690
Sindhi 0 0 0 70 30 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 75 35 35
Urdu 0 0 0 535 300 235
Iranian languages 10 0 0 1,150 575 580
Kurdish 0 0 0 20 10 10
Pashto 0 0 0 35 25 10
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 0 1,120 550 570
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 55 25
Italic (Romance) languages 355 170 185 15,145 6,660 8,485
Catalan 0 0 0 55 30 30
Italian 85 45 45 2,385 1,020 1,365
Portuguese 20 15 0 1,765 835 935
Romanian 10 0 10 300 135 170
Spanish 245 105 140 11,415 4,945 6,465
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 30
Japanese 25 0 25 2,940 1,240 1,700
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Korean 10 0 0 1,875 820 1,050
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 10 655 325 330
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 10 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 20 10 10
Igbo 0 0 0 45 15 30
Lingala 0 0 0 20 15 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Shona 0 0 0 70 45 20
Swahili 10 0 10 280 140 140
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 90 40 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 60 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Sign languages 15 10 10 865 320 550
American Sign Language 10 0 0 440 145 300
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 425 170 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 60 40 20 13,090 5,965 7,130
Chinese languages 60 35 20 13,045 5,950 7,105
Cantonese 25 10 10 5,935 2,820 3,115
Hakka 0 0 0 35 10 25
Mandarin 35 25 10 7,750 3,420 4,320
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 0 275 100 175
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 135 55 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 475 180 295
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 45 15 30
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 20 440 170 270
Lao 0 0 0 25 20 10
Thai 30 10 25 415 150 260
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 310 175 135
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 35 20 10
Turkish 0 0 0 280 155 120
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 45 20 30 1,125 535 590
Estonian 0 0 10 80 25 50
Finnish 10 0 10 230 80 145
Hungarian 30 20 15 820 425 395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 50 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 11,195 5,485 5,710 372,875 179,965 192,915
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 10,735 5,285 5,445 349,885 169,665 180,220
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,525 805 715 57,630 29,290 28,335
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,215 4,485 4,735 292,255 140,375 151,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 460 190 260 22,990 10,300 12,695
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 11,190 5,485 5,710 372,875 179,965 192,910
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 8,815 4,380 4,435 297,135 145,405 151,740
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,330 1,090 1,240 68,925 31,295 37,630
Before 1981 1,530 710 820 32,495 15,135 17,355
1981 to 1990 260 140 120 7,490 3,325 4,170
1991 to 2000 200 90 110 8,990 3,990 5,000
2001 to 2010 260 105 150 12,065 5,295 6,770
2001 to 2005 105 50 55 5,100 2,235 2,865
2006 to 2010 155 60 95 6,960 3,055 3,905
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 85 45 40 7,885 3,555 4,335
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 50 15 35 6,815 3,265 3,550
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,330 1,090 1,240 68,920 31,295 37,625
Under 5 years 220 105 115 7,845 3,830 4,010
5 to 14 years 460 235 225 12,090 5,850 6,235
15 to 24 years 530 245 285 15,520 6,940 8,575
25 to 44 years 950 415 535 27,870 12,160 15,710
45 years and over 165 95 75 5,605 2,510 3,095
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,330 1,090 1,240 68,925 31,295 37,630
Americas 310 125 185 10,570 4,580 5,990
Brazil 0 0 0 195 95 105
Colombia 0 0 0 305 125 180
El Salvador 0 0 0 175 70 105
Guyana 0 0 10 100 40 60
Haiti 0 0 0 65 25 40
Jamaica 20 10 20 300 165 135
Mexico 0 10 0 795 350 440
Peru 0 0 0 145 65 80
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 250 90 160
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 235 100 135 6,930 3,015 3,915
Other places of birth in Americas 35 10 30 1,310 540 770
Europe 1,650 815 835 31,665 15,055 16,610
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 125 60 65
Croatia 0 0 0 375 205 165
France 15 10 0 570 215 360
Germany 160 75 85 3,160 1,400 1,760
Greece 30 20 15 230 135 90
Hungary 15 15 0 545 305 240
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 15 10 480 250 230
Italy 35 25 15 680 355 325
Netherlands 100 45 55 1,695 875 825
Poland 15 10 0 905 375 525
Portugal 15 0 0 700 320 385
Romania 10 0 0 315 150 165
Russian Federation 10 0 10 615 275 340
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 155 90 65
Ukraine 15 10 10 425 205 225
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,055 505 550 17,630 8,330 9,300
Other places of birth in Europe 135 70 70 3,060 1,520 1,540
Africa 145 75 70 2,925 1,420 1,505
Algeria 0 0 0 10 10 0
Egypt 10 0 0 195 130 70
Ethiopia 0 0 0 180 75 100
Kenya 0 10 0 210 75 135
Morocco 0 0 0 115 70 45
Nigeria 0 0 0 130 65 65
Somalia 0 0 0 55 25 30
South Africa, Republic of 100 50 45 1,190 560 630
Other places of birth in Africa 35 15 20 840 410 425
Asia 165 50 115 22,390 9,585 12,805
Afghanistan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Bangladesh 0 0 0 70 30 35
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 20 10 15 5,590 2,375 3,220
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 0 10 1,245 585 660
India 30 10 20 3,715 1,845 1,870
Iran