Census Profile, 2016 Census
Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Capital, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Victoria, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Capital, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : Capital, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 85,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 383,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 80,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 359,991  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,212  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 183,562  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,762  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,405.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 163.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.47  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,340.49  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 85,795 40,575 45,215 383,360 184,900 198,460
0 to 14 years 7,935 3,940 3,995 49,895 25,330 24,565
0 to 4 years 2,940 1,435 1,505 16,125 8,135 7,990
5 to 9 years 2,630 1,305 1,325 16,895 8,635 8,260
10 to 14 years 2,370 1,200 1,165 16,870 8,555 8,320
15 to 64 years 59,810 28,990 30,820 250,375 122,140 128,235
15 to 19 years 2,765 1,280 1,480 18,970 9,480 9,490
20 to 24 years 6,575 2,980 3,600 24,740 12,505 12,235
25 to 29 years 8,750 4,210 4,545 24,405 12,180 12,220
30 to 34 years 7,840 4,020 3,820 24,680 12,325 12,360
35 to 39 years 6,210 3,155 3,045 23,515 11,655 11,860
40 to 44 years 5,075 2,555 2,520 22,685 11,020 11,665
45 to 49 years 5,080 2,490 2,590 24,650 11,965 12,680
50 to 54 years 5,405 2,660 2,750 27,725 13,425 14,305
55 to 59 years 5,950 2,850 3,100 29,495 13,830 15,665
60 to 64 years 6,165 2,790 3,370 29,500 13,755 15,745
65 years and over 18,050 7,645 10,400 83,090 37,430 45,660
65 to 69 years 5,985 2,745 3,240 27,665 13,060 14,605
70 to 74 years 3,930 1,820 2,105 19,225 9,110 10,110
75 to 79 years 2,690 1,180 1,505 13,205 6,130 7,070
80 to 84 years 2,140 880 1,255 10,165 4,550 5,615
85 years and over 3,305 1,015 2,290 12,840 4,585 8,255
85 to 89 years 1,730 640 1,090 7,355 2,890 4,470
90 to 94 years 1,160 300 860 4,180 1,380 2,800
95 to 99 years 345 65 280 1,145 290 855
100 years and over 70 10 60 160 25 135
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 9.2 9.7 8.8 13.0 13.7 12.4
15 to 64 years 69.7 71.4 68.2 65.3 66.1 64.6
65 years and over 21.0 18.8 23.0 21.7 20.2 23.0
85 years and over 3.9 2.5 5.1 3.3 2.5 4.2
Average age of the population 44.5 43.4 45.6 44.4 43.3 45.4
Median age of the population 42.7 41.3 44.2 45.5 44.1 46.8
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 31,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 22,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 16,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 81,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 372,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 1.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 77,860 36,635 41,220 333,465 159,575 173,890
Married or living common law 34,940 17,435 17,505 187,075 93,310 93,765
Married 24,315 12,120 12,195 150,425 75,000 75,425
Living common law 10,625 5,320 5,305 36,650 18,310 18,340
Not married and not living common law 42,920 19,200 23,720 146,390 66,265 80,125
Never married 27,010 13,970 13,040 90,310 48,280 42,025
Separated 2,655 1,210 1,450 9,115 4,015 5,095
Divorced 8,550 3,100 5,455 27,535 9,935 17,600
Widowed 4,695 925 3,775 19,435 4,030 15,405
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 14,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 16,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 11,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 16,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 11,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 5,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 31,970 14,695 17,275 89,660 40,715 48,945
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 19,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 25,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 22,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 83,030 39,280 43,750 377,670 182,240 195,430
English only 71,570 34,325 37,245 336,115 163,740 172,370
French only 30 10 20 155 65 90
English and French 10,750 4,650 6,100 38,265 17,115 21,145
Neither English nor French 675 290 385 3,140 1,315 1,825
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 83,030 39,280 43,745 377,665 182,240 195,430
English 80,570 38,165 42,405 367,440 177,435 190,000
French 1,555 725 830 6,175 3,060 3,115
English and French 260 115 145 1,005 475 530
Neither English nor French 650 275 370 3,050 1,265 1,785
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,685 785 905 6,680 3,295 3,385
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.8 1.8 1.7
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 83,030 39,275 43,750 377,670 182,235 195,430
Single responses 81,605 38,630 42,975 372,385 179,765 192,620
Official languages 70,065 33,690 36,375 322,925 157,545 165,380
English 68,470 32,940 35,530 316,565 154,395 162,165
French 1,595 750 845 6,360 3,145 3,215
Non-official languages 11,540 4,945 6,595 49,465 22,225 27,240
Aboriginal languages 45 15 30 265 120 145
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 45 20 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 0 35 15 15
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 15 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 10 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 5 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 10 5 10 150 75 75
Comox 0 0 0 5 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 5 0 5 5 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 5 0 0 80 45 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 10 5 10 30 15 20
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 25 10 15
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,495 4,925 6,570 49,200 22,105 27,095
Afro-Asiatic languages 595 325 270 1,685 930 760
Berber languages 5 5 5 15 5 5
Kabyle 5 5 0 5 5 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cushitic languages 35 20 20 80 45 45
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 25 10 10
Somali 25 15 15 60 30 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 555 310 245 1,585 875 715
Amharic 50 15 35 110 45 60
Arabic 440 260 185 1,250 705 545
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 25 20 10 115 60 55
Maltese 0 0 0 25 15 10
Tigrigna 30 10 20 75 40 40
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 95 140 1,120 500 615
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 135 65 70
Vietnamese 205 80 125 985 440 545
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,205 455 745 4,025 1,515 2,515
Bikol 5 0 5 10 0 5
Cebuano 80 30 50 245 90 155
Fijian 5 5 5 5 5 5
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 50 20 25
Ilocano 65 25 40 195 70 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 25 15 20 105 30 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Pangasinan 0 5 5 10 5 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 995 375 620 3,335 1,260 2,085
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Creole languages 15 5 10 45 20 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 20 15 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Dravidian languages 95 55 50 355 185 165
Kannada 5 5 0 20 10 10
Malayalam 30 15 20 90 50 40
Tamil 35 20 20 145 70 70
Telugu 25 15 10 95 50 45
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,440 2,440 3,000 24,945 11,660 13,280
Albanian 40 25 15 125 70 55
Armenian 10 10 0 50 30 20
Balto-Slavic languages 1,215 505 710 4,410 1,995 2,415
Baltic languages 35 15 20 110 65 45
Latvian 20 10 10 55 35 20
Lithuanian 15 10 5 55 30 20
Slavic languages 1,185 490 690 4,300 1,935 2,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 0
Bosnian 10 0 10 35 10 20
Bulgarian 30 15 20 115 50 60
Croatian 70 30 40 420 210 210
Czech 105 35 65 375 180 195
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Polish 330 140 185 1,115 515 600
Russian 330 135 190 1,080 445 640
Serbian 55 25 35 195 90 100
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 90 40 45
Slovak 40 20 20 145 65 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 80 35 45
Ukrainian 160 60 105 615 255 355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 15 5
Celtic languages 25 10 15 85 40 40
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 25 20 5
Welsh 5 5 5 40 20 25
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 10
Germanic languages 1,635 695 940 7,960 3,580 4,375
Afrikaans 30 15 15 185 95 90
Danish 85 35 45 465 205 260
Dutch 395 180 215 2,090 980 1,105
Frisian 0 0 5 20 10 15
German 990 410 580 4,665 2,055 2,615
Icelandic 5 5 5 30 15 15
Norwegian 50 25 20 220 105 115
Swedish 60 25 35 205 85 125
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 35 10 25
Yiddish 15 5 10 40 20 20
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 75 40 35 320 185 135
Indo-Iranian languages 1,010 495 515 6,180 3,055 3,125
Indo-Aryan languages 655 320 335 5,220 2,565 2,660
Bengali 30 15 15 150 70 80
Gujarati 35 20 15 150 75 75
Hindi 125 70 60 525 280 245
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 5 0 15 5 5
Marathi 5 5 5 30 15 20
Nepali 15 10 10 75 40 30
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 140 175 3,885 1,860 2,025
Sindhi 25 15 10 50 30 20
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 80 45 35
Urdu 80 45 35 265 145 120
Iranian languages 330 160 165 935 480 450
Kurdish 5 5 0 5 10 0
Pashto 15 15 5 50 30 20
Persian (Farsi) 310 150 160 870 445 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 30 10 10
Italic (Romance) languages 1,435 665 765 5,810 2,700 3,110
Catalan 5 0 5 10 5 10
Italian 210 100 110 1,065 525 545
Portuguese 265 125 140 1,410 645 755
Romanian 80 35 45 295 140 155
Spanish 875 405 470 3,025 1,385 1,640
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Japanese 475 125 355 1,510 425 1,090
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 10 0 0
Georgian 5 5 0 10 5 0
Korean 435 165 270 1,620 670 945
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 5
Niger-Congo languages 85 35 50 290 140 140
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 20 10 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ga 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 5 15 0 10
Lingala 5 0 0 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 35 15 15
Shona 10 5 5 15 5 5
Swahili 10 5 5 65 35 30
Wolof 5 5 0 10 10 5
Yoruba 5 0 5 15 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 80 35 40
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 10 0
Sign languages 25 10 15 110 60 45
American Sign Language 15 5 5 45 20 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 65 40 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,455 1,040 1,415 11,945 5,310 6,630
Chinese languages 2,445 1,030 1,410 11,865 5,260 6,600
Cantonese 1,140 490 650 5,150 2,350 2,800
Hakka 5 5 0 45 15 35
Mandarin 1,100 455 645 5,785 2,510 3,280
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 230 100 125
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 125 50 75
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 55 75 520 240 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 80 50 35
Burmese 10 5 5 35 25 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibetan 5 0 0 35 20 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 105 30 75 320 85 235
Lao 5 0 0 15 5 10
Thai 105 30 70 300 75 225
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 35 30 180 105 75
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 15 10 10
Turkish 60 30 30 160 95 65
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uralic languages 250 100 145 1,010 460 550
Estonian 10 0 10 65 20 40
Finnish 60 15 40 270 100 170
Hungarian 175 80 95 680 345 335
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 15 10
Multiple responses 1,420 650 775 5,280 2,470 2,815
English and French 295 125 175 1,090 500 590
English and non-official language 1,040 480 565 3,910 1,840 2,075
French and non-official language 50 25 25 150 70 80
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 135 60 70
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 83,030 39,280 43,750 377,670 182,240 195,435
Single responses 80,690 38,230 42,460 368,105 177,880 190,225
Official languages 76,265 36,275 39,985 348,310 168,790 179,525
English 75,830 36,070 39,760 346,395 167,875 178,525
French 430 210 220 1,910 920 995
Non-official languages 4,420 1,950 2,470 19,795 9,090 10,700
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 35 10 25
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 30 10 20
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 5 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 10
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,425 1,955 2,470 19,755 9,080 10,675
Afro-Asiatic languages 310 145 160 820 400 420
Berber languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Kabyle 5 0 5 5 0 5
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 35 15 20
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 10 5 5
Somali 15 5 15 25 10 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 285 140 145 785 385 400
Amharic 15 5 15 30 10 20
Arabic 230 120 115 660 330 325
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 5 50 25 25
Maltese 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tigrigna 25 10 15 45 15 25
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 45 60 605 280 320
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 70 35 35
Vietnamese 100 40 55 530 245 285
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 525 225 300 1,575 685 890
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 10 15 60 30 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 10 5 5
Ilocano 20 10 15 65 25 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 5 0 10 5 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 210 275 1,420 625 795
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Creole languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 130 70 60
Kannada 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malayalam 20 5 10 45 25 20
Tamil 15 5 5 45 25 20
Telugu 10 5 5 35 20 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,340 615 720 7,150 3,385 3,765
Albanian 30 15 10 70 30 35
Armenian 5 5 0 15 5 10
Balto-Slavic languages 325 145 175 1,180 550 630
Baltic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Latvian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 325 150 175 1,180 550 630
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 0 0 5 0 5
Bulgarian 20 10 10 50 25 25
Croatian 10 5 10 125 60 60
Czech 15 10 10 70 30 35
Macedonian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Polish 90 40 50 285 140 145
Russian 130 55 70 445 200 240
Serbian 15 10 15 70 30 35
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 25 15 10
Slovak 10 5 5 20 10 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ukrainian 25 10 15 75 25 45
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 145 65 80 885 425 460
Afrikaans 0 5 0 50 20 30
Danish 0 0 0 25 15 15
Dutch 25 10 10 190 85 100
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 110 50 60 580 290 300
Icelandic 0 0 0 5 0 0
Norwegian 5 5 5 15 5 10
Swedish 0 5 0 20 10 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 5 5 0 50 25 25
Indo-Iranian languages 390 190 200 3,080 1,475 1,605
Indo-Aryan languages 210 105 105 2,610 1,240 1,370
Bengali 10 5 5 70 30 35
Gujarati 5 5 5 35 15 15
Hindi 30 15 15 185 90 90
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 0 5 0
Marathi 5 0 0 15 5 10
Nepali 15 5 10 35 20 15
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 45 45 2,075 970 1,105
Sindhi 10 5 0 10 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 30 15 15
Urdu 40 20 20 155 75 70
Iranian languages 175 80 90 460 230 230
Kurdish 5 0 5 0 0 0
Pashto 20 5 10 25 15 10
Persian (Farsi) 150 70 85 435 215 220
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 440 195 250 1,865 870 995
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 30 10 20 160 70 95
Portuguese 90 40 45 450 205 240
Romanian 20 10 15 100 40 60
Spanish 305 135 170 1,155 550 600
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 175 65 115 525 205 320
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Georgian 5 0 0 5 0 5
Korean 245 100 140 1,030 455 580
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 15 75 30 45
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 15 5 5
Shona 10 5 5 15 5 5
Swahili 5 5 5 20 5 10
Wolof 0 0 0 0 5 5
Yoruba 0 0 5 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 35 20 15 140 80 60
American Sign Language 10 5 5 35 20 15
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 105 60 45
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,495 645 850 7,375 3,340 4,030
Chinese languages 1,485 640 850 7,345 3,325 4,015
Cantonese 650 285 375 2,860 1,315 1,545
Hakka 0 0 0 10 5 5
Mandarin 735 315 425 4,035 1,815 2,220
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 75 30 40
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10 65 30 40
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 30 40 300 135 170
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 30 15 15
Burmese 5 5 0 10 5 5
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 45 20 25 95 45 55
Lao 0 0 0 5 0 0
Thai 45 20 25 95 40 55
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 5 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10 40 20 20
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 5 5 5
Turkish 20 5 10 35 15 20
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 50 25 25 175 85 90
Estonian 5 0 0 5 5 5
Finnish 5 5 5 35 15 15
Hungarian 45 20 25 140 65 70
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Multiple responses 2,340 1,050 1,290 9,565 4,360 5,210
English and French 200 90 115 685 325 360
English and non-official language 2,060 920 1,140 8,635 3,915 4,725
French and non-official language 20 10 5 45 15 25
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 195 100 100
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 83,030 39,280 43,750 377,665 182,240 195,430
None 75,050 35,845 39,200 344,665 167,330 177,330
English 2,045 925 1,125 9,650 4,510 5,135
French 1,300 550 745 5,110 2,280 2,830
Non-official language 4,420 1,855 2,565 17,570 7,820 9,750
Aboriginal 70 30 45 410 185 225
Non-Aboriginal 4,350 1,830 2,520 17,160 7,635 9,530
English and French 20 10 15 75 35 40
English and non-official language 70 45 30 220 105 115
French and non-official language 125 50 70 375 155 220
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,745 34,690 39,050 323,105 154,705 168,395
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,190 33,985 38,205 313,565 150,050 163,515
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,164 37,331 31,669 37,101 43,280 32,519
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,260 34,045 38,215 313,940 150,340 163,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,610 32,814 28,833 32,999 37,664 29,515
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,200 31,105 35,090 291,005 139,955 151,050
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,526 36,641 29,010 34,287 41,169 28,761
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,960 23,290 29,670 220,730 95,175 125,555
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,026 1,711 3,827 5,626 5,487 5,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,140 26,605 28,535 235,565 117,030 118,530
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,948 34,107 28,095 31,820 37,181 27,515
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 73,745 34,690 39,050 323,120 154,690 168,430
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,270 34,050 38,220 313,485 149,965 163,515
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,934 48,880 39,528 48,004 56,068 40,608
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,325 34,100 38,230 313,905 150,315 163,590
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,036 40,348 34,082 39,939 45,390 34,931
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,340 31,260 35,080 291,045 139,970 151,075
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,634 48,660 37,264 46,044 55,034 37,714
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,990 23,195 29,790 220,660 95,125 125,535
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,543 6,171 6,833 7,466 7,411 7,508
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,145 26,945 28,195 235,565 117,480 118,085
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,952 43,339 34,758 41,654 48,343 35,000
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 73,745 34,690 39,055 323,120 154,690 168,430
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 23,305 12,310 11,000 100,060 54,770 45,290
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,464 51,654 47,993 53,896 59,237 49,179
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,781 60,305 52,836 61,987 67,979 54,742
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.1 91.2 86.7 89.0 91.5 85.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.7 71.1 65.9 65.5 68.2 62.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.9 8.8 13.3 11.0 8.5 14.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 73,745 34,695 39,050 323,105 154,705 168,395
Without total income 1,555 710 845 9,540 4,660 4,880
With total income 72,185 33,985 38,205 313,565 150,045 163,520
Percentage with total income 97.9 98.0 97.8 97.0 97.0 97.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,575 3,885 4,690 38,870 16,965 21,900
$10,000 to $19,999 12,895 5,530 7,365 49,620 20,050 29,565
$20,000 to $29,999 10,750 4,545 6,205 41,670 16,905 24,760
$30,000 to $39,999 9,130 4,130 5,000 37,070 15,960 21,110
$40,000 to $49,999 7,995 3,625 4,370 34,105 15,280 18,825
$50,000 to $59,999 6,050 2,835 3,215 27,780 13,445 14,335
$60,000 to $69,999 4,495 2,355 2,145 21,305 11,800 9,505
$70,000 to $79,999 3,590 1,860 1,735 17,165 9,825 7,335
$80,000 to $89,999 2,575 1,435 1,130 12,865 7,740 5,130
$90,000 to $99,999 1,770 980 785 9,080 5,505 3,570
$100,000 and over 4,365 2,800 1,565 24,050 16,570 7,480
$100,000 to $149,999 2,990 1,840 1,150 16,365 11,040 5,325
$150,000 and over 1,375 965 415 7,680 5,530 2,155
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,745 34,695 39,055 323,105 154,710 168,395
Without after-tax income 1,485 650 835 9,165 4,370 4,790
With after-tax income 72,255 34,045 38,215 313,940 150,340 163,600
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.1 97.8 97.2 97.2 97.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,995 4,125 4,870 41,265 18,090 23,170
$10,000 to $19,999 13,520 5,885 7,640 52,180 21,485 30,690
$20,000 to $29,999 12,975 5,645 7,330 50,090 20,890 29,200
$30,000 to $39,999 10,760 4,855 5,905 43,960 19,300 24,665
$40,000 to $49,999 8,625 3,965 4,660 38,350 17,920 20,430
$50,000 to $59,999 5,865 2,970 2,890 28,240 15,315 12,930
$60,000 to $69,999 4,220 2,265 1,950 20,580 12,015 8,565
$70,000 to $79,999 2,775 1,495 1,280 14,105 8,350 5,755
$80,000 and over 4,525 2,845 1,685 25,175 16,985 8,190
$80,000 to $89,999 1,470 855 615 8,045 5,125 2,925
$90,000 to $99,999 900 550 350 4,955 3,320 1,630
$100,000 and over 2,155 1,435 715 12,180 8,545 3,635
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 73,745 34,695 39,055 323,100 154,710 168,400
Without employment income 18,600 8,085 10,515 87,545 37,680 49,870
With employment income 55,145 26,610 28,535 235,560 117,035 118,530
Percentage with employment income 74.8 76.7 73.1 72.9 75.6 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,025 3,605 4,425 39,980 18,660 21,320
$5,000 to $9,999 4,130 1,745 2,380 17,595 7,535 10,060
$10,000 to $19,999 7,850 3,455 4,400 30,295 13,185 17,110
$20,000 to $29,999 6,940 3,235 3,700 25,355 11,395 13,960
$30,000 to $39,999 6,330 3,020 3,310 23,315 10,625 12,685
$40,000 to $49,999 5,695 2,655 3,040 22,630 9,985 12,645
$50,000 to $59,999 4,230 1,975 2,250 18,335 8,980 9,360
$60,000 to $69,999 3,165 1,695 1,470 14,165 8,050 6,115
$70,000 to $79,999 2,665 1,400 1,265 12,320 7,240 5,085
$80,000 and over 6,120 3,820 2,300 31,575 21,390 10,185
$80,000 to $89,999 1,945 1,115 830 9,570 5,885 3,680
$90,000 to $99,999 1,320 760 565 6,525 4,135 2,385
$100,000 and over 2,855 1,950 910 15,485 11,360 4,120
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,126  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,652  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 22,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,429  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,293  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 23,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,439  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,438  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,536  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,679  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 22,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,421  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 23,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,413  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 9,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 170,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 20,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,273  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,224  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,253  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,303  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,444  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,468  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,781  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,843  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 20,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,112  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,151  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,491  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,393  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,194  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,609  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,386  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,337  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,658  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,151  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,409  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,535 14,085 16,450 82,365 37,715 44,650
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,052 31,426 30,802 32,199 32,549 31,940
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,063 28,124 28,013 29,037 29,094 28,989
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 30,540 14,025 16,505 82,225 37,735 44,490
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,616 42,746 38,806 41,417 43,027 40,052
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,721 36,131 33,524 35,284 36,105 34,588
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 81,655 38,615 43,040 372,875 179,965 192,905
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,245 21,360 24,885 174,015 81,325 92,695
In the bottom decile 12,915 6,170 6,745 40,710 19,645 21,060
In the second decile 9,735 4,300 5,445 32,860 14,650 18,215
In the third decile 8,255 3,760 4,495 32,020 14,760 17,260
In the fourth decile 7,575 3,440 4,130 32,810 15,265 17,540
In the fifth decile 7,765 3,685 4,075 35,615 17,000 18,615
In the top half of the distribution 35,410 17,255 18,155 198,855 98,640 100,215
In the sixth decile 7,430 3,475 3,960 37,265 17,960 19,305
In the seventh decile 7,275 3,515 3,755 39,395 19,445 19,950
In the eighth decile 7,160 3,460 3,700 41,105 20,505 20,600
In the ninth decile 6,975 3,465 3,515 42,330 21,265 21,070
In the top decile 6,565 3,340 3,230 38,770 19,470 19,300
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 81,655 38,615 43,040 367,660 177,465 190,190
0 to 17 years 9,300 4,600 4,700 59,440 30,145 29,300
0 to 5 years 3,485 1,690 1,800 19,010 9,555 9,455
18 to 64 years 56,920 27,250 29,670 232,945 112,650 120,295
65 years and over 15,430 6,765 8,665 75,270 34,675 40,600
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,140 7,425 8,715 48,985 22,685 26,300
0 to 17 years 2,195 1,140 1,055 9,300 4,850 4,445
0 to 5 years 770 405 360 2,885 1,495 1,390
18 to 64 years 11,295 5,240 6,055 31,570 14,655 16,915
65 years and over 2,650 1,045 1,605 8,115 3,175 4,940
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.8 19.2 20.2 13.3 12.8 13.8
0 to 17 years (%) 23.6 24.8 22.4 15.6 16.1 15.2
0 to 5 years (%) 22.1 24.0 20.0 15.2 15.6 14.7
18 to 64 years (%) 19.8 19.2 20.4 13.6 13.0 14.1
65 years and over (%) 17.2 15.4 18.5 10.8 9.2 12.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,440 5,480 5,960 32,930 16,045 16,885
0 to 17 years 1,335 705 630 5,350 2,745 2,605
0 to 5 years 445 235 205 1,495 775 725
18 to 64 years 9,325 4,455 4,865 25,325 12,355 12,970
65 years and over 785 320 460 2,250 940 1,315
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.0 14.2 13.8 9.0 9.0 8.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 15.3 13.4 9.0 9.1 8.9
0 to 5 years (%) 12.8 13.9 11.4 7.9 8.1 7.7
18 to 64 years (%) 16.4 16.3 16.4 10.9 11.0 10.8
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.7 5.3 3.0 2.7 3.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 81,650 38,620 43,035 372,875 179,965 192,910
Official languages 80,965 38,335 42,635 369,775 178,695 191,085
English 80,950 38,325 42,625 369,630 178,640 190,990
French 10,685 4,695 5,985 38,010 16,840 21,165
Non-official languages 17,770 7,765 10,000 69,245 31,415 37,835
Aboriginal languages 135 50 85 740 335 410
Algonquian languages 70 30 40 140 60 80
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 35 40 120 55 70
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 35 20 15 40 20 20
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 0 15 15 0 20
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 70 35 40
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 10 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 30 15 15
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 30 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 10 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 10 10 10 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 10 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 10 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 10
Inuit languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 0 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 20 10 10
Salish languages 15 0 10 420 195 225
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 10 30 10 20
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 10 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 345 155 190
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 45 25 15
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 25 10 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 0 15 10 10
Wakashan languages 15 10 10 90 35 50
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 10 10 60 25 35
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 25 10 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,640 7,725 9,920 68,550 31,105 37,450
Afro-Asiatic languages 935 510 430 2,335 1,265 1,060
Berber languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Cushitic languages 55 15 30 125 55 75
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 20 0 10 30 15 20
Somali 35 15 20 95 35 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Semitic languages 880 485 390 2,195 1,215 985
Amharic 70 30 40 140 65 80
Arabic 645 380 265 1,660 955 700
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 0 10 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 155 70 85 345 160 185
Maltese 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tigrigna 25 10 15 65 30 35
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 20 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 150 185 1,390 650 740
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 15 175 95 80
Vietnamese 295 125 170 1,220 555 665
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 1,595 530 1,060 5,355 1,920 3,435
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 80 30 55 375 160 215
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 45 15 35 100 30 70
Ilocano 90 30 60 285 105 175
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 105 35 75 320 125 205
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Pangasinan 0 0 0 20 10 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,450 490 955 4,815 1,705 3,110
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 25 10 20
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 100 40 50
Creole languages 75 40 35 160 80 75
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 10 10 0
Creole, n.o.s. 40 30 10 75 55 20
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 70 20 50
Dravidian languages 140 95 50 425 235 190
Kannada 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malayalam 60 40 25 155 95 60
Tamil 85 60 25 195 105 90
Telugu 20 10 10 95 45 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 9,745 4,330 5,415 39,430 18,285 21,145
Albanian 50 30 25 145 95 50
Armenian 20 15 0 70 35 40
Balto-Slavic languages 1,380 610 770 5,140 2,375 2,765
Baltic languages 20 10 0 90 60 35
Latvian 15 10 10 45 25 20
Lithuanian 10 0 10 45 35 10
Slavic languages 1,360 595 770 5,050 2,315 2,735
Belarusan 10 10 0 10 10 0
Bosnian 10 0 10 55 15 40
Bulgarian 75 30 40 150 80 75
Croatian 135 65 65 755 395 360
Czech 100 35 65 545 260 285
Macedonian 0 0 0 15 10 0
Polish 365 145 215 1,195 540 650
Russian 505 230 275 1,710 760 950
Serbian 45 20 20 235 105 125
Serbo-Croatian 25 20 0 60 40 20
Slovak 30 20 15 155 80 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Ukrainian 240 100 140 755 320 440
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 10 0
Celtic languages 25 0 20 150 60 90
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 15 60 30 30
Welsh 0 0 0 55 20 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 15 20
Germanic languages 2,700 1,195 1,505 12,105 5,580 6,530
Afrikaans 85 30 60 595 290 300
Danish 95 25 65 640 285 355
Dutch 415 205 210 2,275 1,115 1,155
Frisian 15 0 10 60 20 40
German 1,955 895 1,060 8,230 3,750 4,475
Icelandic 10 10 0 95 50 45
Norwegian 85 35 45 305 165 140
Swedish 135 60 70 385 175 215
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 70 35 40
Yiddish 20 10 15 55 15 40
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Greek 105 45 55 540 290 250
Indo-Iranian languages 1,450 710 740 8,025 4,035 3,990
Indo-Aryan languages 995 500 495 6,865 3,450 3,420
Bengali 35 15 20 145 55 90
Gujarati 25 10 15 195 105 90
Hindi 410 220 190 1,895 990 900
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 10 0
Konkani 0 0 0 15 10 10
Marathi 30 15 10 50 30 20
Nepali 55 10 45 95 30 70
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 520 260 255 5,310 2,620 2,690
Sindhi 10 0 10 70 30 40
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 0 15 75 35 35
Urdu 155 95 55 535 300 235
Iranian languages 470 210 255 1,150 575 580
Kurdish 0 0 10 20 10 10
Pashto 10 15 0 35 25 10
Persian (Farsi) 460 200 255 1,120 550 570
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 80 55 25
Italic (Romance) languages 4,495 1,925 2,575 15,145 6,660 8,485
Catalan 25 10 20 55 30 30
Italian 670 280 390 2,385 1,020 1,365
Portuguese 500 225 275 1,765 835 935
Romanian 75 40 40 300 135 170
Spanish 3,525 1,480 2,045 11,415 4,945 6,465
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 55 25 30
Japanese 1,115 430 685 2,940 1,240 1,700
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Georgian 0 10 0 10 0 0
Korean 515 235 280 1,875 820 1,050
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Niger-Congo languages 255 115 135 655 325 330
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ewe 10 0 10 10 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ganda 10 10 0 20 10 10
Igbo 15 0 10 45 15 30
Lingala 15 10 10 20 15 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 0 50 25 25
Shona 55 30 25 70 45 20
Swahili 85 35 45 280 140 140
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 20 20 90 40 50
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 135 60 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 30 15 15
Sign languages 240 90 150 865 320 550
American Sign Language 140 55 90 440 145 300
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 425 170 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,840 1,270 1,575 13,090 5,965 7,130
Chinese languages 2,835 1,270 1,565 13,045 5,950 7,105
Cantonese 1,360 640 720 5,935 2,820 3,115
Hakka 10 0 0 35 10 25
Mandarin 1,575 685 890 7,750 3,420 4,320
Min Dong 0 0 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 275 100 175
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 25 135 55 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 50 95 475 180 295
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 45 15 30
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 15 10 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 20 10 15
Tai-Kadai languages 150 55 90 440 170 270
Lao 10 0 0 25 20 10
Thai 140 50 90 415 150 260
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 115 70 45 310 175 135
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 35 20 10
Turkish 110 65 45 280 155 120
Uyghur 0 10 0 10 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Uralic languages 295 130 165 1,125 535 590
Estonian 30 10 20 80 25 50
Finnish 40 15 30 230 80 145
Hungarian 220 100 125 820 425 395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 85 50 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 81,655 38,620 43,035 372,875 179,965 192,915
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 74,910 35,650 39,265 349,885 169,665 180,220
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,670 4,295 4,375 57,630 29,290 28,335
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 66,240 31,355 34,890 292,255 140,375 151,880
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,740 2,975 3,765 22,990 10,300 12,695
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 81,650 38,620 43,035 372,875 179,965 192,910
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 63,495 30,520 32,980 297,135 145,405 151,740
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,935 7,055 8,885 68,925 31,295 37,630
Before 1981 6,870 3,080 3,790 32,495 15,135 17,355
1981 to 1990 1,515 680 835 7,490 3,325 4,170
1991 to 2000 2,130 960 1,175 8,990 3,990 5,000
2001 to 2010 2,850 1,185 1,655 12,065 5,295 6,770
2001 to 2005 1,070 465 605 5,100 2,235 2,865
2006 to 2010 1,775 720 1,055 6,960 3,055 3,905
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,570 1,145 1,425 7,885 3,555 4,335
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,215 1,045 1,170 6,815 3,265 3,550
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,935 7,055 8,885 68,920 31,295 37,625
Under 5 years 1,725 830 900 7,845 3,830 4,010
5 to 14 years 2,820 1,350 1,465 12,090 5,850 6,235
15 to 24 years 3,420 1,520 1,900 15,520 6,940 8,575
25 to 44 years 6,780 2,860 3,920 27,870 12,160 15,710
45 years and over 1,190 490 700 5,605 2,510 3,095
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,935 7,055 8,885 68,925 31,295 37,630
Americas 2,780 1,210 1,565 10,570 4,580 5,990
Brazil 30 25 10 195 95 105
Colombia 75 35 45 305 125 180
El Salvador 35 10 25 175 70 105
Guyana 20 15 0 100 40 60
Haiti 35 10 30 65 25 40
Jamaica 65 45 20 300 165 135
Mexico 200 80 125 795 350 440
Peru 40 20 15 145 65 80
Trinidad and Tobago 70 25 40 250 90 160
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,830 810 1,015 6,930 3,015 3,915
Other places of birth in Americas 370 130 235 1,310 540 770
Europe 6,710 3,075 3,635 31,665 15,055 16,610
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 15 15 125 60 65
Croatia 75 35 40 375 205 165
France 140 50 90 570 215 360
Germany 585 215 375 3,160 1,400 1,760
Greece 35 10 25 230 135 90
Hungary 165 70 95 545 305 240
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 50 80 480 250 230
Italy 170 90 85 680 355 325
Netherlands 300 150 155 1,695 875 825
Poland 235 90 140 905 375 525
Portugal 90 35 55 700 320 385
Romania 85 40 45 315 150 165
Russian Federation 200 95 110 615 275 340
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 40 25 15 155 90 65
Ukraine 105 50 60 425 205 225
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,590 1,760 1,835 17,630 8,330 9,300
Other places of birth in Europe 735 300 435 3,060 1,520 1,540
Africa 850 410 440 2,925 1,420 1,505
Algeria 10 0 0 10 10 0
Egypt 70 45 20 195 130 70
Ethiopia 70 25 40 180 75 100
Kenya 50 10 40 210 75 135
Morocco 60 40 15 115 70 45
Nigeria 35 15 20 130 65 65
Somalia 20 10 10 55 25 30
South Africa, Republic of 295 130 165 1,190 560 630
Other places of birth in Africa 250 130 115 840 410 425
Asia 5,245 2,180 3,060 22,390 9,585 12,805
Afghanistan 40 20 20 70 45 30
Bangladesh 20 15 0 70 30 35
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,125 465 665 5,590 2,375 3,220
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 285 125 155 1,245 585 660
India 410 225 185 3,715 1,845 1,870
IranCensu