Census Profile, 2016 Census
Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Victoria, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Victoria, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 85,792 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 80,017 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 7.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,212 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,762 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 4,405.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.47 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 85,795 40,575 45,215 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 7,935 3,940 3,995 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 2,940 1,435 1,505 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,630 1,305 1,325 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 2,370 1,200 1,165 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 59,810 28,990 30,820 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 2,765 1,280 1,480 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,575 2,980 3,600 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 8,750 4,210 4,545 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 7,840 4,020 3,820 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,210 3,155 3,045 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,075 2,555 2,520 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 5,080 2,490 2,590 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 5,405 2,660 2,750 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 5,950 2,850 3,100 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 6,165 2,790 3,370 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 18,050 7,645 10,400 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 5,985 2,745 3,240 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,930 1,820 2,105 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,690 1,180 1,505 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,140 880 1,255 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 3,305 1,015 2,290 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,730 640 1,090 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,160 300 860 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 345 65 280 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 70 10 60 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 9.2 9.7 8.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 69.7 71.4 68.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 21.0 18.8 23.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.9 2.5 5.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 44.5 43.4 45.6 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.7 41.3 44.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,765 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 6,545 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,195 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 31,015 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,140 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 2,260 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,490 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 23,035 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 85 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,760 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 22,170 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,060 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 4,180 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 2,380 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 980 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 81,650 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 1.8 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 77,860 36,635 41,220 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 34,940 17,435 17,505 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 24,315 12,120 12,195 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 10,625 5,320 5,305 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 42,920 19,200 23,720 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 27,010 13,970 13,040 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,655 1,210 1,450 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 8,550 3,100 5,455 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 4,695 925 3,775 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 20,155 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 14,080 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 3,445 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 2,090 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 540 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.5 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 20,155 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 16,780 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 11,470 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,310 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,375 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,735 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 640 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 16,780 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 11,585 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 5,195 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 2,725 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 1,970 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 505 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,370 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,500 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 725 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 155 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 31,970 14,695 17,275 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,760 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 19,665 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,340 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,330 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 240 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 25,855 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 22,170 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,685 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 83,030 39,280 43,750 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 71,570 34,325 37,245 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 30 10 20 1,810 820 985
English and French 10,750 4,650 6,100 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 675 290 385 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 83,030 39,280 43,745 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 80,570 38,165 42,405 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,555 725 830 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 260 115 145 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 650 275 370 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,685 785 905 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 2.0 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 83,030 39,275 43,750 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 81,605 38,630 42,975 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 70,065 33,690 36,375 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 68,470 32,940 35,530 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,595 750 845 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 11,540 4,945 6,595 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 45 15 30 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 5 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 5 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 10 5 10 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 0 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 5 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 10 5 10 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 5 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,495 4,925 6,570 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 595 325 270 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 5 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 35 20 20 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 205 115 95
Somali 25 15 15 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 555 310 245 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 50 15 35 1,370 670 700
Arabic 440 260 185 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 25 20 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 30 10 20 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 95 140 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 205 80 125 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,205 455 745 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 80 30 50 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 65 25 40 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 25 15 20 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 995 375 620 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 5 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 15 5 10 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 95 55 50 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 5 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 30 15 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 35 20 20 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 25 15 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 5,440 2,440 3,000 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 40 25 15 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 10 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,215 505 710 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 35 15 20 1,070 485 585
Latvian 20 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 10 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,185 490 690 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 0 10 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 30 15 20 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 70 30 40 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 105 35 65 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 330 140 185 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 330 135 190 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 55 25 35 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 1,395 670 725
Slovak 40 20 20 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 160 60 105 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 25 10 15 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,635 695 940 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 30 15 15 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 85 35 45 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 395 180 215 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 5 295 145 145
German 990 410 580 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 50 25 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 60 25 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 445 220 225
Yiddish 15 5 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 75 40 35 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,010 495 515 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 655 320 335 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 30 15 15 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 35 20 15 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 125 70 60 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 15 10 10 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 140 175 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 25 15 10 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 1,675 845 830
Urdu 80 45 35 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 330 160 165 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 5 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 15 15 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 310 150 160 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,435 665 765 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 210 100 110 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 265 125 140 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 80 35 45 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 875 405 470 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 475 125 355 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 435 165 270 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 85 35 50 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 0 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,455 1,040 1,415 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 2,445 1,030 1,410 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,140 490 650 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,100 455 645 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 55 75 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 10 5 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 105 30 75 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 105 30 70 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 65 35 30 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 530 290 235
Turkish 60 30 30 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 250 100 145 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 0 10 705 295 410
Finnish 60 15 40 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 175 80 95 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,420 650 775 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 295 125 175 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,040 480 565 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 50 25 25 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 83,030 39,280 43,750 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 80,690 38,230 42,460 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 76,265 36,275 39,985 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 75,830 36,070 39,760 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 430 210 220 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 4,420 1,950 2,470 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,425 1,955 2,470 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 310 145 160 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 20 10 15 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 90 50 45
Somali 15 5 15 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 285 140 145 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 15 5 15 600 275 320
Arabic 230 120 115 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 25 10 15 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 105 45 60 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 100 40 55 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 525 225 300 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 20 10 15 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 480 210 275 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 20 5 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 15 5 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,340 615 720 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 30 15 10 695 335 360
Armenian 5 5 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 325 145 175 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 325 150 175 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 20 10 10 1,035 485 550
Croatian 10 5 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 10 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 90 40 50 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 130 55 70 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 15 10 15 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 25 10 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 145 65 80 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 5 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 25 10 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 110 50 60 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 5 5 140 60 80
Swedish 0 5 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 5 5 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 390 190 200 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 210 105 105 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 5 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5 5 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 30 15 15 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 15 5 10 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 45 45 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 40 20 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 175 80 90 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 20 5 10 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 150 70 85 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 440 195 250 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 30 10 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 90 40 45 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 20 10 15 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 305 135 170 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 175 65 115 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 5 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 245 100 140 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 15 15 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 5 5 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 35 20 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,495 645 850 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,485 640 850 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 650 285 375 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 735 315 425 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 5 10 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 30 40 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 5 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 45 20 25 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 45 20 25 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 20 10 10 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 195 105 95
Turkish 20 5 10 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 50 25 25 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 45 20 25 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 2,340 1,050 1,290 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 200 90 115 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 2,060 920 1,140 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 20 10 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 83,030 39,280 43,750 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 75,050 35,845 39,200 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,045 925 1,125 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,300 550 745 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 4,420 1,855 2,565 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 70 30 45 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 4,350 1,830 2,520 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 20 10 15 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 70 45 30 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 125 50 70 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,745 34,690 39,050 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,190 33,985 38,205 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,164 37,331 31,669 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,260 34,045 38,215 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,610 32,814 28,833 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,200 31,105 35,090 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,526 36,641 29,010 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,960 23,290 29,670 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,026 1,711 3,827 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,140 26,605 28,535 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,948 34,107 28,095 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 73,745 34,690 39,050 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,270 34,050 38,220 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,934 48,880 39,528 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,325 34,100 38,230 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,036 40,348 34,082 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 66,340 31,260 35,080 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,634 48,660 37,264 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,990 23,195 29,790 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,543 6,171 6,833 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,145 26,945 28,195 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,952 43,339 34,758 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 73,745 34,690 39,055 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 23,305 12,310 11,000 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,464 51,654 47,993 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,781 60,305 52,836 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.1 91.2 86.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.7 71.1 65.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.9 8.8 13.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 73,745 34,695 39,050 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 1,555 710 845 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 72,185 33,985 38,205 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.9 98.0 97.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,575 3,885 4,690 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,895 5,530 7,365 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 10,750 4,545 6,205 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 9,130 4,130 5,000 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 7,995 3,625 4,370 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,050 2,835 3,215 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,495 2,355 2,145 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,590 1,860 1,735 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,575 1,435 1,130 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,770 980 785 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,365 2,800 1,565 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 2,990 1,840 1,150 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,375 965 415 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,745 34,695 39,055 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 1,485 650 835 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 72,255 34,045 38,215 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 98.0 98.1 97.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,995 4,125 4,870 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,520 5,885 7,640 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 12,975 5,645 7,330 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 10,760 4,855 5,905 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,625 3,965 4,660 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,865 2,970 2,890 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,220 2,265 1,950 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,775 1,495 1,280 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,525 2,845 1,685 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,470 855 615 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 900 550 350 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,155 1,435 715 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 73,745 34,695 39,055 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 18,600 8,085 10,515 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 55,145 26,610 28,535 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 74.8 76.7 73.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,025 3,605 4,425 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,130 1,745 2,380 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,850 3,455 4,400 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,940 3,235 3,700 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,330 3,020 3,310 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,695 2,655 3,040 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,230 1,975 2,250 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,165 1,695 1,470 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,665 1,400 1,265 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 6,120 3,820 2,300 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,945 1,115 830 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,320 760 565 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 2,855 1,950 910 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,765 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,126 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,804 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 22,170 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,299 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,570 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 23,590 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,608 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,395 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,760 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,383 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,536 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 22,155 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,373 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,421 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 23,605 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,917 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,413 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,765 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,320 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 865 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,250 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,795 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,670 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,335 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,325 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,380 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,370 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,255 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,430 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,980 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,485 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,035 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,270 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,590 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,150 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,050 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,485 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,760 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,385 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 875 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,280 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,910 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,185 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,840 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,820 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,915 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,695 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,580 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,300 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,600 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,970 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,340 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,740 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,335 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,930 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,555 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,845 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 20,425 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,208 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,273 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.5 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,260 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,224 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,125 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,220 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,303 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,444 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,300 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,781 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,605 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 20,445 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,625 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,151 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,240 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,491 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,393 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,240 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,609 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,131 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,295 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,430 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,151 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 30,535 14,085 16,450 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,052 31,426 30,802 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,063 28,124 28,013 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 30,540 14,025 16,505 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,616 42,746 38,806 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,721 36,131 33,524 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 81,655 38,615 43,040 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,245 21,360 24,885 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 12,915 6,170 6,745 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 9,735 4,300 5,445 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 8,255 3,760 4,495 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 7,575 3,440 4,130 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 7,765 3,685 4,075 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 35,410 17,255 18,155 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 7,430 3,475 3,960 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 7,275 3,515 3,755 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 7,160 3,460 3,700 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 6,975 3,465 3,515 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,565 3,340 3,230 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 81,655 38,615 43,040 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 9,300 4,600 4,700 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 3,485 1,690 1,800 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 56,920 27,250 29,670 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 15,430 6,765 8,665 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,140 7,425 8,715 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,195 1,140 1,055 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 770 405 360 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,295 5,240 6,055 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,650 1,045 1,605 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.8 19.2 20.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 23.6 24.8 22.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.1 24.0 20.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 19.8 19.2 20.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 17.2 15.4 18.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 11,440 5,480 5,960 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,335 705 630 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 445 235 205 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 9,325 4,455 4,865 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 785 320 460 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 14.0 14.2 13.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 15.3 13.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 12.8 13.9 11.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 16.4 16.3 16.4 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.7 5.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 81,650 38,620 43,035 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 80,965 38,335 42,635 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 80,950 38,325 42,625 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 10,685 4,695 5,985 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 17,770 7,765 10,000 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 135 50 85 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 70 30 40 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 70 35 40 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 35 20 15 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 15 0 15 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 10 10 10 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 15 0 10 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 10 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 10 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 15 10 10 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 10 10 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,640 7,725 9,920 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 935 510 430 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 55 15 30 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 20 0 10 245 140 110
Somali 35 15 20 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 880 485 390 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 70 30 40 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 645 380 265 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 155 70 85 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 25 10 15 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 150 185 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 15 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 295 125 170 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,595 530 1,060 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 80 30 55 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 45 15 35 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 90 30 60 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 105 35 75 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,450 490 955 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 75 40 35 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 40 30 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 140 95 50 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 60 40 25 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 85 60 25 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 20 10 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 9,745 4,330 5,415 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 50 30 25 1,640 840 795
Armenian 20 15 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,380 610 770 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 10 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 10 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 10 0 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,360 595 770 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 10 0 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 75 30 40 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 135 65 65 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 100 35 65 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 365 145 215 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 505 230 275 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 45 20 20 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 25 20 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 30 20 15 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 240 100 140 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 25 0 20 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 15 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,700 1,195 1,505 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 85 30 60 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 95 25 65 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 415 205 210 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 0 10 465 230 240
German 1,955 895 1,060 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 85 35 45 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 135 60 70 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 545 270 275
Yiddish 20 10 15 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 105 45 55 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,450 710 740 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 995 500 495 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 35 15 20 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 25 10 15 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 410 220 190 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 30 15 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 55 10 45 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 520 260 255 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 10 0 10 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 0 15 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 155 95 55 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 470 210 255 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 15 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 460 200 255 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 4,495 1,925 2,575 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 25 10 20 395 210 180
Italian 670 280 390 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 500 225 275 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 75 40 40 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 3,525 1,480 2,045 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 1,115 430 685 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 10 0 115 55 55
Korean 515 235 280 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 255 115 135 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 15 0 10 425 240 185
Lingala 15 10 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 0 290 125 165
Shona 55 30 25 415 220 195
Swahili 85 35 45 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 35 20 20 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 240 90 150 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 140 55 90 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,840 1,270 1,575 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 2,835 1,270 1,565 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,360 640 720 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 10 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,575 685 890 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 10 15 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 25 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 50 95 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 150 55 90 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 140 50 90 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 115 70 45 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 10 945 510 435
Turkish 110 65 45 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 10 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 295 130 165 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 30 10 20 780 350 425
Finnish 40 15 30 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 220 100 125 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 81,655 38,620 43,035 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 74,910 35,650 39,265 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 8,670 4,295 4,375 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 66,240 31,355 34,890 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,740 2,975 3,765 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 81,650 38,620 43,035 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 63,495 30,520 32,980 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,935 7,055 8,885 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,870 3,080 3,790 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,515 680 835 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 2,130 960 1,175 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 2,850 1,185 1,655 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 1,070 465 605 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,775 720 1,055 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,570 1,145 1,425 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,215 1,045 1,170 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,935 7,055 8,885 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,725 830 900 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,820 1,350 1,465 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,420 1,520 1,900 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 6,780 2,860 3,920 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 1,190 490 700 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,935 7,055 8,885 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,780 1,210 1,565 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 30 25 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 75 35 45 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 35 10 25 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 15 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 35 10 30 570 250 315
Jamaica 65 45 20 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 200 80 125 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 40 20 15 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 70 25 40 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,830 810 1,015 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 370 130 235 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,710 3,075 3,635 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 15 15 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 75 35 40 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 140 50 90 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 585 215 375 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 35 10 25 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 165 70 95 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 50 80 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 170 90 85 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 300 150 155 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 235 90 140 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 90 35 55 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 85 40 45 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 200 95 110 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 40 25 15 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 105 50 60 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,590 1,760 1,835 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 735 300 435 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 850 410 440 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 70 45 20 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 70 25 40 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 50 10 40 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 60 40 15 985 535 455
Nigeria 35 15 20 1,740 925 815
Somalia 20 10 10 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 295 130 165 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 250 130 115 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 5,245 2,180 3,060 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 40 20 20 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 20 15 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,125 465 665 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 285 125 155 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 410 225 185 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 270 115 150 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 25 20 10 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 335 60 280 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 275 115 160 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 40 25 15 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 85 50 30 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,250 440 810 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 30 15 15 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 95 45 50 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 105 35 65 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 215 90 125 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 655 330 320 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 360 175 185 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,575 1,150 1,420 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 310 105 200 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 10 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 20 10 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 40 10 35 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 180 65 120 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 45 20 25 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 390 215 170 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 20 15 0 970 510 460
Germany 25 10 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 15 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310