Census Profile, 2016 Census
Esquimalt, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Esquimalt, DM
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Esquimalt, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Esquimalt, District municipality [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 17,655 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 16,209 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.9 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 8,742 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 8,493 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,494.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7.08 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 17,655 9,010 8,640 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 2,125 1,120 1,005 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 820 425 395 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 700 370 325 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 610 315 290 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 12,380 6,480 5,900 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 730 385 340 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 1,185 730 450 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 1,350 725 630 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 1,355 720 635 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 1,305 700 610 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 1,095 580 515 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 1,150 570 580 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 1,385 705 680 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 1,445 715 735 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 1,370 650 720 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 3,150 1,415 1,735 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 1,120 540 580 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 710 340 370 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 480 225 255 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 410 185 225 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 430 135 295 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 285 95 190 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 105 30 75 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 30 10 25 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 5 0 0 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 12.0 12.4 11.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 70.1 71.9 68.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.8 15.7 20.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.5 3.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.2 41.7 44.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.4 41.1 45.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 8,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,995 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 560 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 5,935 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 690 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 405 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 910 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,910 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 8,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 3,415 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 3,065 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 1,055 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 695 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 265 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 16,925 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 15,530 7,895 7,635 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 7,655 3,840 3,815 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 5,650 2,835 2,815 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 2,005 1,010 995 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 7,875 4,055 3,820 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 4,830 2,920 1,905 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 570 285 280 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 1,640 650 990 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 835 195 635 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 4,540 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 2,835 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 940 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 605 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 155 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 4,540 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 3,725 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 2,725 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,000 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 820 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 620 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 195 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,725 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 2,265 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 1,460 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 735 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 570 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 150 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 820 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 570 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 205 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 40 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 5,180 2,685 2,500 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 8,495 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 4,400 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 2,190 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,210 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 70 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,020 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 3,415 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 605 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 17,475 8,935 8,535 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 15,120 7,730 7,395 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 30 15 15 1,810 820 985
English and French 2,255 1,155 1,095 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 65 35 30 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 17,470 8,935 8,540 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 16,680 8,490 8,190 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 675 375 300 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 60 35 20 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 65 30 30 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 700 395 310 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.0 4.4 3.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 17,470 8,935 8,535 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 17,230 8,805 8,420 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 15,585 8,035 7,550 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 14,875 7,635 7,245 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 710 400 310 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 1,645 775 870 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 20 10 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 0 5 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,625 770 860 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 80 45 30 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 80 45 30 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 15 5 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 50 30 20 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 100 50 50 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 20 15 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 70 30 35 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 240 100 140 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 15 5 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 10 0 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 0 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 205 90 115 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 10 5 0 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 5 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 0 5 0 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 775 395 380 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 0 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 195 95 95 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 5 5 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 0 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 185 95 95 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 15 5 10 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 15 10 5 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 60 30 30 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 65 30 35 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 5 0 0 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 5 0 0 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 15 5 10 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 260 135 130 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 0 5 0 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 20 15 10 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 65 35 30 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 5 295 145 145
German 160 75 85 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 5 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 5 5 5 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 90 45 40 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 70 35 35 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 5 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 0 0 5 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 5 0 0 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 0 5 620 325 295
Nepali 5 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 10 5 5 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 20 15 5 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 20 15 5 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 215 105 105 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 30 20 10 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 40 20 25 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 10 5 10 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 125 65 65 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 45 5 40 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 50 20 35 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 25 10 10 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 5 215 100 115
Swahili 10 5 5 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 0 5 0 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 0 0 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 220 95 120 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 200 85 110 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 90 40 50 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 5 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 90 35 50 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 15 10 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 25 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 35 5 25 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 5 5 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 35 15 20 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 0 0 0 705 295 410
Finnish 5 0 5 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 30 10 20 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 240 130 115 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 85 45 40 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 135 70 65 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 5 0 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 17,475 8,935 8,540 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 17,030 8,710 8,320 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 16,445 8,435 8,010 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 16,125 8,265 7,860 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 325 175 150 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 585 275 310 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 585 275 310 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 45 20 20 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 40 20 20 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 10 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 30 15 15 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 40 35 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 15 15 800 375 420
Vietnamese 45 20 20 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 110 50 60 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 100 50 50 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 5 0 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 5 5 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 180 90 90 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 55 30 25 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 50 30 25 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 5 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 0 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 10 5 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 30 20 15 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 5 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 0 0 5 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 30 15 15 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 0 0 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 25 10 10 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 35 15 15 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 25 15 10 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 5 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 0 5 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 0 0 0 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 5 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 0 5 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 10 5 5 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 60 25 35 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 0 0 0 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 5 0 5 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 0 0 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 50 20 30 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 5 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 25 10 15 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 5 0 5 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 5 0 0 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 55 65 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 105 55 55 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 45 20 30 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 55 30 30 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 10 0 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 10 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 5 0 5 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 5 0 5 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 440 225 215 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 80 50 30 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 350 170 180 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 10 10 5 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 17,475 8,935 8,535 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 16,000 8,220 7,775 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 445 220 225 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 415 200 210 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 585 280 310 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 5 0 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 580 275 305 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 10 5 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 25 15 10 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,820 7,405 7,420 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,435 7,205 7,230 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,593 40,956 31,277 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 14,450 7,220 7,230 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,830 35,776 28,469 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 12,895 6,465 6,430 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,244 41,019 28,531 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,245 4,650 5,590 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,082 5,504 6,364 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,965 5,665 5,295 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,785 39,472 28,771 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 14,825 7,405 7,420 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,425 7,195 7,230 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,660 47,543 37,802 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 14,435 7,205 7,230 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,249 39,803 32,706 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 12,835 6,450 6,385 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,795 47,720 35,813 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,240 4,640 5,600 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,693 7,378 7,954 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,965 5,695 5,270 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,387 45,188 35,199 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 14,820 7,405 7,420 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 5,065 2,865 2,200 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,549 57,033 46,415 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,399 60,192 53,761 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.3 90.1 83.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.2 74.0 67.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 12.7 9.9 16.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 14,825 7,405 7,420 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 385 200 190 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 14,435 7,205 7,230 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 97.4 97.3 97.4 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,620 710 915 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 2,570 1,120 1,450 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 1,995 875 1,120 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 1,810 810 995 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 1,650 755 900 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 1,180 620 565 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 1,055 650 410 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 920 575 345 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 585 370 210 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 415 275 145 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 635 450 185 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 500 355 145 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 130 95 40 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,825 7,405 7,420 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 370 185 185 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 14,450 7,220 7,230 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.5 97.5 97.4 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,710 755 955 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 2,685 1,200 1,480 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 2,445 1,080 1,365 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 2,125 975 1,160 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 1,750 855 890 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 1,385 840 550 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 1,065 670 395 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 600 375 220 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 680 470 210 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 305 195 110 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 135 100 35 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 240 175 65 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 14,820 7,400 7,420 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 3,860 1,735 2,125 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 10,965 5,665 5,295 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 74.0 76.6 71.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,625 730 895 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 725 325 400 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 1,370 630 745 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 1,315 625 695 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 1,155 555 605 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 1,125 500 625 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 875 465 410 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 800 505 295 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 725 465 255 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 1,245 870 375 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 480 320 155 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 310 215 95 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 460 330 125 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 8,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 60,424 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,544 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,415 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,316 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,584 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 5,075 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,584 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,799 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 8,490 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,453 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,616 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,420 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,273 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,510 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 5,075 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,456 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,201 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 8,495 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 135 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 110 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 395 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 415 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 445 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 350 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 430 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 405 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 400 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 425 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 700 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 675 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 620 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 500 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 480 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,000 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 815 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 500 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 475 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 205 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 8,495 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 140 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 110 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 400 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 435 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 500 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 485 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 495 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 495 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 480 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 480 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 835 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 745 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 605 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 520 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 395 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,360 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 695 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 375 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 295 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 4,575 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,005 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,507 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 2,165 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,141 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,306 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,470 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,267 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 90,726 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 790 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,560 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,352 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 4,595 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,979 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,385 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 2,170 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,149 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,834 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,450 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,280 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,244 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 795 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,749 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,987 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 4,835 2,515 2,325 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,945 34,144 30,632 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,782 30,312 27,667 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 4,795 2,505 2,290 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,216 40,144 36,105 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,014 34,291 31,618 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 16,920 8,510 8,415 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 9,010 4,425 4,585 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 2,090 1,055 1,040 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 1,700 815 880 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 1,720 845 875 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 1,700 825 880 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 1,790 885 910 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 7,915 4,085 3,830 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 1,755 885 875 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 1,745 925 815 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 1,835 955 880 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 1,620 840 780 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 965 485 480 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 16,925 8,510 8,415 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 2,470 1,310 1,165 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 935 490 450 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 11,455 5,840 5,615 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 2,995 1,360 1,630 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 2,635 1,285 1,350 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 425 215 205 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 150 85 70 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 1,740 870 865 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 470 195 280 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 15.1 16.0 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.2 16.4 17.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 16.0 17.3 15.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.2 14.9 15.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 15.7 14.3 17.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,810 915 895 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 260 130 135 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 90 45 45 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 1,415 725 690 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 135 60 75 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.7 10.8 10.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 9.9 11.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.6 9.2 10.0 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 12.4 12.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 4.5 4.4 4.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 16,920 8,505 8,415 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 16,870 8,490 8,380 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 16,840 8,470 8,370 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 2,165 1,045 1,120 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 2,400 1,130 1,265 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 20 15 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 10 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,375 1,120 1,260 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 60 30 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 85 55 30 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 10 10 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 50 40 15 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 15 10 10 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 85 45 35 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 15 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 65 30 30 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 305 115 195 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 15 20 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 10 0 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 260 90 170 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 0 0 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 0 0 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 1,355 650 705 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 10 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 195 80 115 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 195 80 110 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 15 10 0 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 25 10 10 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 60 25 40 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 75 40 35 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 10 0 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 0 0 0 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 30 0 25 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 10 10 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 370 210 165 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 0 0 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 25 15 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 70 45 20 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 270 135 135 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 15 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 0 0 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 15 10 0 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 165 100 65 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 145 80 65 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 15 15 0 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 45 20 25 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 45 45 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 45 20 20 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 25 25 10 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 10 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 20 15 0 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 635 265 370 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 80 35 45 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 65 20 45 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 15 0 10 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 505 205 305 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 120 70 50 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 50 20 30 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 40 25 10 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 10 10 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 15 10 10 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 40 10 35 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 40 0 30 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 245 110 135 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 240 115 130 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 90 45 45 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 170 75 95 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 10 0 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 10 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 10 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 10 0 15 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 10 15 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 70 30 40 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 25 0 20 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 45 20 25 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 16,925 8,510 8,415 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 16,200 8,180 8,020 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,315 1,230 1,090 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 13,880 6,945 6,935 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 730 330 395 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 16,925 8,510 8,415 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 14,360 7,295 7,070 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,375 1,105 1,265 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 1,015 510 505 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 275 95 175 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 345 145 200 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 515 270 245 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 245 130 115 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 265 140 125 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 220 80 135 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 190 110 75 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,375 1,105 1,270 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 355 190 170 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 385 180 195 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 525 265 260 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 955 400 560 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 155 65 90 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,375 1,110 1,270 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 430 215 215 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 0 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 15 0 15 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 10 0 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 0 0 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 35 15 25 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 30 15 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 240 125 120 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 65 40 25 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 1,115 555 565 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 10 0 0 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 50 25 30 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 110 50 55 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 10 10 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 25 10 15 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 15 10 10 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 50 30 20 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 65 20 40 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 20 10 15 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 15 10 10 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 50 25 25 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 10 0 0 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 575 270 300 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 80 55 30 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 90 55 35 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 10 0 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 15 0 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 10 10 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 10 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 35 25 10 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 685 270 415 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 85 35 50 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 10 25 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 40 20 20 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 15 10 0 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 35 10 35 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 25 15 10 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 15 10 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 35 20 20 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 265 85 180 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 0 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 10 0 10 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 40 15 25 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 75 35 35 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 60 20 40 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 220 80 140 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 50 20 25 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 10 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30 10 20 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 45 20 20 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation