Census Profile, 2016 Census
Langford, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Langford, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Langford, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Langford, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 35,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 29,228  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 20.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 14,906  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 14,178  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 885.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 39.94  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 35,340 17,240 18,100 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 6,365 3,295 3,065 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 2,255 1,170 1,085 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,165 1,115 1,045 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 1,945 1,010 935 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 24,595 11,985 12,615 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 2,015 1,040 975 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 2,075 1,000 1,070 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 2,410 1,150 1,260 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 2,900 1,400 1,505 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 2,790 1,395 1,395 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 2,605 1,255 1,350 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 2,630 1,295 1,335 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 2,665 1,325 1,335 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 2,485 1,185 1,300 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 2,025 940 1,085 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 4,385 1,965 2,420 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 1,690 825 865 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 1,075 475 600 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 675 300 375 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 455 200 255 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 490 165 325 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 290 105 180 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 145 35 105 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 50 15 35 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 10 0 5 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.0 19.1 16.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 69.6 69.5 69.7 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 12.4 11.4 13.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 38.6 37.7 39.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 38.3 37.6 39.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 14,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 5,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 14,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 3,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 2,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 34,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 28,980 13,950 15,030 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 17,340 8,650 8,690 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 13,525 6,740 6,785 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 3,815 1,910 1,905 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 11,640 5,300 6,340 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 7,295 3,885 3,415 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 915 390 525 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 2,235 785 1,450 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 1,195 235 955 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 10,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 5,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 2,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 10,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 8,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 6,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 1,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 8,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 4,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 4,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 6,175 2,955 3,220 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 14,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 9,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 5,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 4,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 3,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 35,185 17,205 17,985 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 32,535 15,970 16,565 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 20 5 15 1,810 820 985
English and French 2,475 1,160 1,315 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 155 65 85 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 35,185 17,205 17,980 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 34,380 16,795 17,585 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 600 325 280 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 60 20 35 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 140 65 80 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 630 335 300 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.7 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 35,185 17,205 17,980 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 34,800 17,015 17,785 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 31,540 15,525 16,015 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 30,910 15,185 15,720 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 630 335 295 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 3,260 1,495 1,770 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 5 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,250 1,490 1,765 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 40 30 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 5 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 5 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 65 35 30 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 55 35 25 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 5 5 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 130 65 65 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 10 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 115 55 60 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 360 145 215 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 10 15 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 20 10 10 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 10 0 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 5 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 115 175 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 5 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 5 0 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 10 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 10 5 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 15 5 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 1,865 890 970 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 20 10 5 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 340 165 175 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 5 5 0 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 340 165 175 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 10 0 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 30 15 15 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 20 5 10 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 115 60 55 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 90 30 60 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 10 5 10 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 10 5 5 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 40 25 15 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 455 205 245 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 35 10 20 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 130 60 70 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 260 120 145 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 15 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 0 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 20 10 5 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 505 245 260 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 455 220 235 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 10 5 0 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 45 20 25 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 5 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 5 0 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 355 170 185 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 0 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 10 1,675 845 830
Urdu 20 15 10 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 55 25 30 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 45 20 25 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 510 245 265 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 85 45 40 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 110 45 65 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 25 15 10 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 295 140 155 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 70 10 55 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 140 70 70 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 25 15 10 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 0 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 10 10 0 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 0 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 410 165 245 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 405 165 240 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 120 50 70 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 245 100 150 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 5 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 5 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 10 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 5 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 15 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 20 10 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 80 30 45 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 5 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 20 5 20 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 50 25 25 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 390 190 205 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 80 30 45 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 290 145 140 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 5 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 35,185 17,205 17,980 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 34,360 16,805 17,555 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 33,195 16,275 16,925 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 33,020 16,195 16,825 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 180 80 95 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 1,160 535 630 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 5 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,155 535 630 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 25 10 10 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 25 15 15 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 20 10 15 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 65 30 35 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 10 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 55 25 30 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 115 50 65 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 40 50 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 15 5 10 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 10 5 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 555 260 300 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 10 5 5 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 80 40 40 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 80 35 40 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 0 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 35 25 15 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 25 10 15 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 0 0 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 45 20 25 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 5 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 30 10 20 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 0 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 255 115 140 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 235 110 130 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 5 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 20 10 15 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 190 90 105 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 675 330 340
Urdu 10 10 5 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 20 10 10 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 5 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 10 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 160 75 85 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 10 5 5 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 25 15 15 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 10 5 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 115 55 60 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 25 5 15 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 105 45 55 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 15 5 5 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 0 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 215 100 120 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 215 95 120 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 45 20 25 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 5 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 145 70 80 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 0 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 10 0 5 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 0 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 5 5 0 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 825 395 430 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 70 35 35 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 740 350 390 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 0 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 35,190 17,205 17,980 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 32,870 16,125 16,745 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 620 285 330 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 475 245 225 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,185 535 650 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 15 5 10 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,170 530 640 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 5 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 25 10 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 20 5 15 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,560 13,815 14,745 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,570 13,295 14,275 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,014 48,824 33,650 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 27,615 13,325 14,295 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,262 41,777 30,433 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 25,730 12,580 13,150 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,276 47,703 30,483 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 17,865 7,130 10,730 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,209 3,320 4,494 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 22,825 11,420 11,405 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,320 47,057 31,148 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 28,560 13,815 14,750 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,535 13,280 14,260 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,024 54,735 37,914 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,580 13,310 14,280 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,707 44,686 33,134 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 25,690 12,560 13,130 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,438 53,924 35,364 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 17,785 6,975 10,805 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,070 7,088 7,059 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 22,830 11,480 11,350 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,153 51,070 35,147 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 28,560 13,815 14,745 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 11,470 6,325 5,145 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,854 62,648 47,944 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,600 65,394 50,246 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.3 93.3 86.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.7 80.9 73.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.7 6.7 13.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 28,560 13,815 14,745 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 990 520 470 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 27,570 13,295 14,275 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.2 96.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,215 1,275 1,940 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 3,815 1,435 2,380 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 3,395 1,295 2,105 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 3,365 1,390 1,975 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 3,275 1,420 1,860 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 2,840 1,385 1,450 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 2,125 1,290 830 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 1,635 1,025 610 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 1,310 865 445 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 820 565 255 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 1,780 1,355 425 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 1,390 1,050 340 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 395 305 85 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 28,560 13,810 14,745 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 945 490 455 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 27,610 13,325 14,295 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.5 96.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,390 1,360 2,035 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 4,030 1,575 2,460 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 4,195 1,650 2,545 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 4,130 1,770 2,355 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 3,930 1,825 2,110 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 2,805 1,655 1,155 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 1,990 1,270 720 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 1,325 885 440 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 1,805 1,340 470 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 720 510 205 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 410 305 100 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 685 520 165 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 28,560 13,810 14,750 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 5,730 2,390 3,340 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 22,830 11,425 11,405 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 79.9 82.7 77.3 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,940 1,270 1,665 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 1,325 535 790 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 2,720 1,065 1,655 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 2,460 995 1,460 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 2,400 1,035 1,360 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 2,585 1,125 1,460 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 2,225 1,140 1,090 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,635 1,025 615 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,395 925 470 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 3,135 2,300 840 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,125 760 370 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 660 480 180 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 1,345 1,060 285 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 14,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,331  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,134  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,604  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,932  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 10,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,122  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,871  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 14,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,382  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,726  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 10,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,616  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 14,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 14,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 3,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 10,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,024  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 4,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 1,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 10,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,258  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 3,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,271  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 4,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,332  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,350 2,635 2,715 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,700 41,760 34,898 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,135 35,910 30,982 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,420 2,670 2,750 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,579 47,643 39,629 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,186 38,219 34,210 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 34,920 17,105 17,810 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 15,545 7,300 8,245 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 2,825 1,345 1,475 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 2,690 1,210 1,485 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 2,880 1,315 1,570 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 3,405 1,585 1,815 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 3,745 1,845 1,900 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 19,370 9,810 9,565 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 4,110 2,050 2,055 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 4,435 2,220 2,215 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 4,295 2,170 2,125 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 3,980 2,040 1,935 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 2,555 1,325 1,235 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 34,920 17,105 17,815 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 7,570 3,935 3,630 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 2,695 1,380 1,315 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 23,315 11,300 12,015 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 4,030 1,865 2,165 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 3,670 1,690 1,980 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 1,035 570 470 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 335 185 150 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 2,195 945 1,250 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 445 175 265 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.5 9.9 11.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 13.7 14.5 12.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 12.4 13.4 11.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 8.4 10.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.0 9.4 12.2 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,355 1,140 1,215 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 600 315 285 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 165 90 70 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 1,640 770 870 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 115 60 60 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.7 6.7 6.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.9 8.0 7.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.1 6.5 5.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.8 7.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.9 3.2 2.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 34,920 17,105 17,815 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 34,805 17,050 17,750 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 34,780 17,055 17,725 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 2,475 1,195 1,285 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 4,525 2,075 2,450 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 45 15 25 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 10 10 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25 15 15 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,485 2,065 2,425 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 25 30 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 55 25 30 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 55 30 30 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 175 70 105 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 165 65 100 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 470 190 280 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 35 10 25 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 10 10 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 10 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 20 10 20 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 10 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 425 170 255 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 25 0 20 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 20 10 20 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 10 0 15 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 10 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 2,915 1,415 1,510 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 20 15 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 10 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 465 225 245 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 10 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 10 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 460 220 245 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 10 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 35 20 15 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 50 20 30 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 15 10 10 400 220 185
Polish 150 80 65 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 190 70 125 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 25 15 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 10 0 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 25 20 10 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 0 0 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 730 365 365 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 40 25 20 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 70 30 40 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 175 80 90 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 455 245 215 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 20 10 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 35 15 15 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 670 340 330 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 580 295 285 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 0 10 0 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 185 90 95 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 10 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 450 235 220 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 25 10 15 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 70 35 35 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 85 40 45 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 90 40 45 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,130 505 625 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 150 60 90 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 170 65 100 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 30 15 10 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 820 370 445 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 90 25 65 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 105 45 60 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 35 25 15 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 0 10 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 15 15 0 415 220 195
Swahili 15 10 10 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 55 20 30 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 15 10 15 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 480 215 265 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 480 215 270 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 135 55 85 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 380 175 205 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 10 0 0 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 75 30 45 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 945 510 435
Turkish 65 30 40 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 55 25 25 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 15 0 15 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 35 25 10 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 34,920 17,105 17,815 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 33,400 16,420 16,980 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 7,380 3,870 3,515 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 26,025 12,555 13,465 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,515 685 835 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 34,920 17,105 17,815 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 30,155 14,960 15,195 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 4,395 1,965 2,435 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 1,700 745 955 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 560 250 315 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 590 280 305 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 855 345 510 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 355 150 210 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 495 195 300 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 695 345 355 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 365 180 185 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 4,400 1,965 2,435 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 645 340 305 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,000 430 570 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 905 410 495 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 1,555 650 900 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 290 135 155 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,400 1,965 2,435 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 725 310 410 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 0 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 40 10 25 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 10 0 10 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 0 0 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 30 20 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 135 55 85 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 30 10 15 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 35 15 15 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 355 160 195 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 85 45 50 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 2,000 950 1,050 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 30 20 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 30 0 20 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 215 105 110 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 20 15 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 10 10 0 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 15 15 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 75 35 40 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 115 50 70 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 110 45 65 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 70 30 40 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 20 20 10 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 70 35 35 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 35 15 20 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 965 465 505 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 200 80 115 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 175 65 110 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 10 10 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 10 10 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 15 0 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 0 10 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 80 25 60 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 60 25 35 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,415 585 830 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 10 10 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 155 50 105 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 55 25 30 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 265 135 135 162,650 79,395