Census Profile, 2016 Census
Prince George, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Prince George, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Prince George, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Prince George, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 74,003  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 71,974  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 32,098  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,236  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 232.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 318.26  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 74,000 36,960 37,045 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 12,955 6,675 6,280 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,220 2,160 2,065 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,550 2,335 2,210 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,185 2,175 2,005 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 50,630 25,355 25,275 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 4,545 2,340 2,210 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 5,500 2,885 2,615 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,580 2,840 2,740 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,230 2,600 2,630 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 4,645 2,285 2,360 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 4,890 2,415 2,475 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 4,895 2,435 2,455 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 5,430 2,665 2,770 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 5,345 2,650 2,695 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 4,570 2,255 2,320 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 10,420 4,925 5,495 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 3,775 1,830 1,945 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 2,620 1,265 1,355 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 1,780 855 925 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,230 580 645 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,020 400 620 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 700 295 405 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 245 75 170 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 70 20 50 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 0 0 0 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.1 17.0 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.4 68.6 68.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.1 13.3 14.8 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.4 1.1 1.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.0 38.4 39.7 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 38.4 37.5 39.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 30,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 17,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 4,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 30,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 8,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 72,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 61,050 30,285 30,765 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 33,745 16,880 16,865 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 25,800 12,920 12,880 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,940 3,960 3,980 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 27,305 13,405 13,905 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 18,020 10,065 7,955 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,190 940 1,250 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 3,890 1,660 2,230 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,210 745 2,465 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 20,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 10,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 20,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 16,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 12,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 3,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 16,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 8,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 8,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,730 7,575 7,160 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 30,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 19,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 8,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 11,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 10,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 8,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 73,040 36,385 36,650 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 68,855 34,520 34,330 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 10 5 10 1,810 820 985
English and French 3,825 1,720 2,105 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 340 140 205 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 73,035 36,385 36,655 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 71,830 35,790 36,040 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 800 425 375 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 75 40 40 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 330 130 195 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 835 440 395 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 73,040 36,385 36,655 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 72,245 35,995 36,250 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 65,155 32,600 32,555 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 64,210 32,120 32,095 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 940 485 460 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 7,090 3,395 3,695 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 280 110 170 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 65 25 35 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 30 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 5 10 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 40 20 25 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 165 65 100 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 165 65 100 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 5 5 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 145 50 90 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 5 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 10 5 5 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 5 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 5 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 40 20 20 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 30 10 20 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 5 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 5 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,810 3,280 3,525 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 170 110 60 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 5 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 160 110 55 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 0 5 1,370 670 700
Arabic 140 100 45 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 75 30 40 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 70 30 40 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 650 220 425 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 60 20 35 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 30 10 15 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 525 180 350 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 0 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 55 25 30 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 25 15 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 20 10 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 10 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 4,670 2,300 2,365 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 5 0 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 705 330 370 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 10 5 5 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5 0 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 5 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 695 325 365 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 10 10 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 175 85 90 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 30 15 15 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 5 0 325 160 165
Polish 140 65 75 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 95 40 55 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 25 15 10 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 20 15 10 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 145 60 90 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 5 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 1,315 620 695 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 40 20 20 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 85 35 45 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 205 105 105 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 915 420 495 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 35 20 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 25 10 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 70 40 30 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,765 925 840 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,705 895 810 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 60 30 30 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 15 10 10 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 120 70 50 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 5 0 5 620 325 295
Nepali 10 5 5 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,395 720 675 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 75 50 35 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 60 30 30 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 50 30 25 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 805 385 425 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 5 160 85 75
Italian 265 130 135 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 235 115 115 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 40 20 20 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 270 125 150 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 45 15 30 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 150 70 75 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 125 65 60 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 5 0 90 45 45
Igbo 15 10 5 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 0 215 100 115
Swahili 20 10 10 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 15 5 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 630 315 315 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 630 315 310 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 285 135 150 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 5 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 285 150 135 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 25 20 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 5 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 5 5 5 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 10 5 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 170 85 90 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 0 0 705 295 410
Finnish 80 35 40 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 85 45 40 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 790 385 400 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 145 65 80 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 625 310 315 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 10 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 73,035 36,385 36,655 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 71,545 35,675 35,875 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 68,935 34,355 34,580 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 68,790 34,285 34,510 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 145 70 80 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 2,605 1,315 1,290 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 40 15 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 25 10 15 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 20 5 15 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 5 5 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 5 5 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 5 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,570 1,300 1,265 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 110 70 40 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 5 0 5 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 105 70 40 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 105 65 35 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 20 20 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 40 15 15 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 225 100 125 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 35 20 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 180 70 105 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 20 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 25 15 15 1,225 615 605
Tamil 5 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,570 805 770 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 165 85 80 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 165 85 80 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 45 25 20 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 5 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 0 5 150 75 75
Polish 25 10 10 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 30 15 15 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 10 5 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 5 5 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 30 15 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 120 60 60 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 25 10 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 75 40 40 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 5 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 20 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,050 545 500 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,025 540 490 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 35 20 20 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 5 5 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 40 25 10 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 0 5 270 140 130
Nepali 5 0 5 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 900 465 435 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 35 20 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 25 10 10 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 10 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 210 100 115 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 40 20 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 65 30 35 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 10 5 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 95 45 50 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 15 0 10 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 100 55 50 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 35 20 15 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 5 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 5 0 65 25 40
Swahili 10 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 5 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 40 25 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 10 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 20 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 365 180 185 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 360 185 180 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 140 65 75 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 195 105 95 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 5 5 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 25 10 15 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 15 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 10 5 5 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,490 710 780 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 85 40 50 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,385 660 725 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 5 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 73,035 36,385 36,650 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 68,400 34,210 34,195 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,315 685 630 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 755 330 425 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,515 1,140 1,370 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 270 105 165 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,245 1,035 1,210 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 5 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 20 5 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 30 15 20 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 59,640 29,500 30,140 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,480 28,465 29,020 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,674 48,994 29,907 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,540 28,510 29,030 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,535 42,007 27,450 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 51,990 26,400 25,585 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,082 48,215 27,921 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 39,335 16,910 22,425 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,678 5,846 5,601 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,015 23,855 22,155 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,545 48,873 28,393 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 59,645 29,550 30,090 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,595 28,565 29,035 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,219 57,430 37,174 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 57,690 28,630 29,060 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,501 46,742 32,366 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,070 26,415 25,655 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,362 56,900 35,511 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 39,120 17,030 22,095 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,809 8,061 7,614 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,015 23,815 22,200 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,224 54,934 34,806 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 59,645 29,550 30,095 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 20,460 11,450 9,010 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,918 69,458 47,334 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,196 73,903 51,855 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.7 91.7 84.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.7 80.2 71.2 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.3 8.3 16.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 59,645 29,500 30,140 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,160 1,040 1,125 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 57,480 28,460 29,015 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.5 96.3 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,090 2,830 4,260 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 8,965 3,385 5,585 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 7,575 2,855 4,715 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 6,685 2,865 3,820 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 5,925 2,565 3,360 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 4,700 2,345 2,355 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 3,930 2,340 1,590 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,210 2,125 1,085 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,685 1,900 780 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,900 1,395 505 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,825 3,865 965 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,670 2,930 745 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,155 935 220 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 59,645 29,500 30,140 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,105 990 1,110 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 57,540 28,515 29,030 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.7 96.3 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 7,340 2,985 4,355 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 9,485 3,625 5,870 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 9,060 3,530 5,535 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 7,920 3,490 4,430 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 6,695 3,140 3,550 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 5,250 3,125 2,125 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,015 2,745 1,270 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,955 2,120 835 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,820 3,765 1,055 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,780 1,340 445 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,070 840 230 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,965 1,585 380 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 59,640 29,505 30,140 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 13,625 5,645 7,985 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 46,015 23,860 22,155 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 77.2 80.9 73.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,310 2,930 3,385 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 3,160 1,330 1,835 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 5,595 2,250 3,345 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 4,985 2,005 2,975 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 4,585 1,870 2,715 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,175 1,740 2,440 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,500 1,780 1,720 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,085 1,890 1,195 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,735 1,865 870 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 7,880 6,210 1,670 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,330 1,670 660 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,630 1,270 360 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,915 3,270 645 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 30,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,254  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,023  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,496  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 21,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,687  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,193  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 30,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,364  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 8,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,909  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,812  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 21,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,311  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,779  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 30,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 10,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 7,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 20,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,566  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,937  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,088  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,839  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,411  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,442  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 20,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 107,567  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,753  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,941  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,148  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,054  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,953  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,721  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,875 6,745 6,130 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,581 36,916 29,056 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,237 32,548 26,659 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,745 6,800 5,950 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,921 44,632 36,681 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,891 37,422 31,999 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 72,550 36,150 36,400 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 33,635 15,985 17,650 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,460 3,550 3,905 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 6,335 2,835 3,500 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 6,255 2,935 3,320 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 6,640 3,235 3,405 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 6,945 3,425 3,520 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 38,915 20,165 18,745 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 7,315 3,675 3,640 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 7,795 4,000 3,795 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 8,240 4,295 3,940 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 8,690 4,545 4,150 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 6,865 3,645 3,220 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 72,550 36,150 36,395 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 15,500 7,995 7,500 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,100 2,615 2,480 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 47,315 23,515 23,800 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 9,735 4,640 5,090 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,640 4,450 5,185 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,765 1,440 1,325 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,050 550 500 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 5,640 2,560 3,085 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,235 455 780 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.3 12.3 14.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.8 18.0 17.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 20.6 21.0 20.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.9 10.9 13.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.7 9.8 15.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,985 2,905 3,080 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,540 795 735 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 575 290 280 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 4,255 2,030 2,225 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 190 75 120 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.2 8.0 8.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.9 9.9 9.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.1 11.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.0 8.6 9.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.0 1.6 2.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 72,550 36,150 36,395 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 72,215 36,020 36,190 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 72,190 36,020 36,175 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 3,755 1,625 2,135 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 9,205 4,430 4,780 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 550 225 330 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 110 50 60 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 100 50 50 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 90 50 40 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 15 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 15 0 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 360 145 215 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 360 145 215 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 320 125 195 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 10 0 10 1,130 525 605
Dene 10 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 10 10 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 70 25 40 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 65 25 40 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,660 4,205 4,450 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 180 120 60 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 180 120 60 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 10 10 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 170 115 55 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 135 75 60 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 130 75 55 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 805 295 505 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 45 25 20 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 20 15 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 15 10 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 735 255 485 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 0 0 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 50 20 35 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 10 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 10 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 40 20 20 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 20 10 15 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 6,020 2,980 3,040 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 15 0 10 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 730 355 380 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 10 10 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 720 350 370 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 30 15 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 170 80 90 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 40 15 25 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 150 65 90 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 95 45 50 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 30 15 20 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 15 20 0 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 170 95 75 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 15 10 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,625 740 885 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 70 35 35 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 90 30 65 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 165 100 65 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 1,255 555 700 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 40 15 25 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 25 10 20 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 95 60 35 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,180 1,185 995 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 2,075 1,130 940 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 90 45 40 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 15 15 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 415 225 195 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 25 10 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,750 940 810 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 145 75 65 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 110 55 60 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 20 10 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 85 45 45 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,465 685 785 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 340 160 180 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 285 145 140 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 60 35 30 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 835 370 465 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 135 60 70 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 165 85 80 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 15 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 15 10 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 185 85 100 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 15 0 15 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 0 10 165 80 85
Igbo 45 15 30 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 10 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 40 25 20 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 45 20 25 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 200 80 120 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 80 20 60 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 695 375 320 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 685 370 315 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 295 145 150 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 435 245 185 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 10 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 20 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 35 15 20 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 10 10 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 10 15 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 155 80 75 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 80 35 45 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 70 40 25 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 72,550 36,150 36,395 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 69,880 34,845 35,030 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,035 7,695 7,335 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 54,845 27,150 27,695 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,665 1,305 1,365 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 72,550 36,150 36,395 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 64,320 32,070 32,245 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,430 3,585 3,845 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 3,405 1,700 1,705 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 845 375 470 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 910 435 470 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,170 575 600 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 510 245 260 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 660 325 335 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,105 495 605 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 800 490 305 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,435 3,590 3,845 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 995 465 535 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,380 715 660 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,960 935 1,020 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 2,595 1,245 1,350 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 505 230 275 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,430 3,590 3,840 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,035 415 620 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 10 0 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 20 0 10 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 40 20 15 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 10 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 35 20 20 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 55 25 30 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 20 0 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 700 280 420 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 130 45 85 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 3,070 1,555 1,515 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 25 10 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 115 50 65 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 50 20 30 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 425 185 235 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 50 25 30 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 35 35 0 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 50 20 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 165 90 75 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 215 140 70 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 150 70 80 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 170 90 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 70 45 25 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 25 10 20 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 0 15 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 30 10 20 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,000 490 505 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 435 200 235 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 350 190 155 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 50 25 20 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 10 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 10 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 45 25 20 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 105 50 55 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 115 65 50 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 2,850 1,360 1,495 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 60 35 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 360 155 205 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 80 55 30 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,100 590 515 162,650 79,395