Census Profile, 2016 Census
4620860.01 [Census tract], Quebec and Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic 4620860.01
Quebec
[Census tract]
Montréal
Quebec
[Census metropolitan area]
Data quality , 4620860.01 [Census tract], Quebec  Map : 4620860.01 [Census tract], Quebec Data quality : Montréal [Census metropolitan area], Quebec  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,098,927  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 6,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,934,078 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,474  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,823,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,424  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,813.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 890.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 1.66  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,604.26  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 6,335 3,065 3,270 4,098,925 2,000,935 2,097,990
0 to 14 years 1,110 570 540 691,345 353,270 338,075
0 to 4 years 365 195 175 231,320 118,405 112,920
5 to 9 years 375 205 175 242,610 124,075 118,535
10 to 14 years 370 170 195 217,415 110,795 106,620
15 to 64 years 4,030 1,930 2,095 2,735,890 1,356,315 1,379,575
15 to 19 years 415 215 200 225,345 114,530 110,815
20 to 24 years 365 195 175 271,635 136,530 135,105
25 to 29 years 290 140 145 270,735 134,135 136,600
30 to 34 years 310 145 165 279,175 136,275 142,905
35 to 39 years 435 200 230 295,330 145,080 150,255
40 to 44 years 390 175 215 276,490 137,505 138,985
45 to 49 years 430 205 225 277,560 138,805 138,755
50 to 54 years 550 260 290 303,980 152,325 151,660
55 to 59 years 430 200 230 291,385 143,585 147,805
60 to 64 years 425 195 225 244,235 117,550 126,690
65 years and over 1,190 565 630 671,690 291,345 380,345
65 to 69 years 435 195 240 210,080 98,390 111,690
70 to 74 years 350 165 180 162,985 74,565 88,420
75 to 79 years 225 110 120 118,450 51,740 66,710
80 to 84 years 125 60 65 89,460 36,985 52,470
85 years and over 55 25 30 90,720 29,665 61,060
85 to 89 years 40 20 20 58,055 21,025 37,030
90 to 94 years 15 5 5 25,420 7,160 18,260
95 to 99 years 5 0 5 6,285 1,350 4,935
100 years and over 0 0 0 965 130 830
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.6 16.5 16.9 17.7 16.1
15 to 64 years 63.6 63.0 64.1 66.7 67.8 65.8
65 years and over 18.8 18.4 19.3 16.4 14.6 18.1
85 years and over 0.9 0.8 0.9 2.2 1.5 2.9
Average age of the population 41.4 40.6 42.2 40.6 39.5 41.6
Median age of the population 43.4 42.0 44.3 40.3 39.3 41.2
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 1,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 564,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 151,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,007,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 146,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 711,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 570,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 551,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 257,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 231,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 117,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,009,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 5,230 2,500 2,730 3,407,580 1,647,665 1,759,915
Married or living common law 3,160 1,580 1,580 1,845,335 925,190 920,145
Married 2,470 1,235 1,235 1,226,235 613,925 612,315
Living common law 690 345 345 619,100 311,270 307,830
Not married and not living common law 2,065 915 1,145 1,562,240 722,470 839,775
Never married 1,430 720 705 1,077,075 569,720 507,355
Separated 65 30 35 58,740 24,795 33,945
Divorced 335 110 220 245,625 91,055 154,570
Widowed 240 50 185 180,805 36,900 143,910
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,101,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,101,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 898,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 588,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 158,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 898,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 413,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 484,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 209,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 203,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 740 290 455 802,100 385,725 416,380
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,065,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 665,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 570,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 6,335 3,070 3,270 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
English only 660 330 325 286,275 143,255 143,025
French only 1,645 720 925 1,472,060 662,855 809,205
English and French 3,920 1,975 1,950 2,231,540 1,150,975 1,080,565
Neither English nor French 110 40 70 63,480 25,175 38,305
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 6,335 3,065 3,265 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
English 2,180 1,075 1,105 765,805 382,720 383,080
French 3,610 1,720 1,890 2,980,955 1,448,725 1,532,235
English and French 445 230 210 244,955 126,535 118,415
Neither English nor French 100 40 65 61,645 24,280 37,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,400 1,195 1,205 888,280 445,990 442,290
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 37.9 39.0 36.9 21.9 22.5 21.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 6,335 3,065 3,270 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
Single responses 6,085 2,945 3,140 3,907,510 1,909,450 1,998,060
Official languages 4,700 2,255 2,445 2,996,905 1,467,115 1,529,795
English 1,725 855 875 444,955 222,890 222,065
French 2,975 1,405 1,570 2,551,955 1,244,225 1,307,730
Non-official languages 1,390 690 695 910,605 442,335 468,270
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 755 275 480
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 370 145 225
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 320 120 200
Atikamekw 0 0 0 30 10 25
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 70 25 45
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 15 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 50 20 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 140 50 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 35 20 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 30 20 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 270 70 195
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 225 60 170
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 75 40 40
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 35
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 0 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,385 685 700 909,845 442,055 467,790
Afro-Asiatic languages 220 115 105 176,965 92,830 84,135
Berber languages 20 10 10 18,945 10,025 8,915
Kabyle 15 5 10 11,315 5,975 5,335
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 7,625 4,050 3,580
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Somali 0 0 0 725 340 385
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Semitic languages 200 110 90 157,015 82,305 74,715
Amharic 0 0 0 665 310 355
Arabic 200 110 95 151,955 79,715 72,240
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 10
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 3,810 1,990 1,820
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 5 340 165 180
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 140 110
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 25 33,385 15,675 17,715
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 7,945 3,690 4,255
Vietnamese 20 10 10 25,430 11,975 13,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Austronesian languages 30 15 20 20,215 7,315 12,895
Bikol 0 0 0 110 35 75
Cebuano 0 0 0 760 250 510
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 400 130 275
Ilocano 5 0 5 2,035 740 1,295
Malagasy 5 0 0 825 385 440
Malay 0 0 0 605 235 370
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 200 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20 10 10 14,865 5,275 9,590
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 120 160
Creole languages 50 25 25 54,205 23,910 30,300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,965 930 1,035
Creole, n.o.s. 45 25 25 51,325 22,520 28,805
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 915 460 460
Dravidian languages 10 5 5 14,695 7,335 7,365
Kannada 0 0 0 230 125 105
Malayalam 0 0 0 405 215 190
Tamil 10 5 5 13,490 6,650 6,835
Telugu 0 0 0 555 335 215
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Indo-European languages 790 405 390 493,565 239,965 253,600
Albanian 5 5 0 2,455 1,250 1,205
Armenian 5 0 5 16,170 7,835 8,335
Balto-Slavic languages 115 55 65 58,295 26,270 32,025
Baltic languages 0 0 0 725 265 455
Latvian 0 0 0 235 90 150
Lithuanian 5 0 0 485 180 305
Slavic languages 115 50 60 57,570 26,005 31,570
Belarusan 0 0 0 70 40 25
Bosnian 0 0 0 455 220 230
Bulgarian 20 10 10 6,395 3,095 3,295
Croatian 10 5 5 1,865 930 935
Czech 0 0 0 1,175 540 635
Macedonian 0 0 0 175 90 90
Polish 20 5 10 12,185 5,280 6,905
Russian 25 5 20 26,370 11,785 14,585
Serbian 10 10 0 1,890 930 955
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 655 305 345
Slovak 5 5 5 900 385 510
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 690 310 375
Ukrainian 10 5 5 4,640 2,025 2,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 125 65 65
Celtic languages 0 0 0 110 65 45
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Germanic languages 25 10 10 21,470 10,340 11,130
Afrikaans 0 0 0 90 40 50
Danish 0 0 0 300 145 155
Dutch 5 5 5 1,820 920 900
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 5
German 15 5 10 9,235 4,195 5,040
Icelandic 0 0 0 60 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 5 145 70 70
Swedish 0 0 0 445 205 245
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 310 125 185
Yiddish 5 0 0 8,960 4,545 4,410
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 55 50
Greek 50 25 25 37,710 18,830 18,885
Indo-Iranian languages 105 65 45 70,940 36,585 34,350
Indo-Aryan languages 40 20 20 43,890 22,860 21,030
Bengali 5 5 5 10,805 5,515 5,290
Gujarati 5 0 5 6,005 2,940 3,060
Hindi 0 0 0 2,905 1,565 1,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 15 15 0
Konkani 5 0 5 110 60 50
Marathi 0 0 0 235 135 100
Nepali 0 0 0 350 170 180
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 5 12,250 6,645 5,605
Sindhi 5 0 0 310 150 160
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 620 300 315
Urdu 10 5 0 10,260 5,335 4,925
Iranian languages 65 40 25 26,720 13,545 13,180
Kurdish 5 5 0 790 425 365
Pashto 0 0 0 1,190 625 560
Persian (Farsi) 60 40 20 24,740 12,485 12,255
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 185 145
Italic (Romance) languages 490 250 240 286,425 138,790 147,635
Catalan 0 0 0 260 135 130
Italian 55 25 30 101,230 49,650 51,570
Portuguese 50 25 30 31,025 14,925 16,100
Romanian 110 60 55 33,050 15,835 17,215
Spanish 275 140 135 120,765 58,185 62,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 55 40
Japanese 0 0 0 2,065 635 1,430
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 160 75 85
Georgian 0 0 0 160 80 85
Korean 5 5 5 4,865 2,160 2,710
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 185 75 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 185 75 110
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 19,245 9,725 9,520
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,015 500 510
Bamanankan 0 0 0 975 530 445
Edo 0 0 0 70 40 25
Ewe 0 0 0 485 275 210
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 1,625 840 785
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 20 5 10
Igbo 0 0 0 95 55 45
Lingala 0 0 0 1,970 920 1,050
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 1,700 790 905
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 1,425 640 790
Shona 0 0 0 75 40 35
Swahili 0 5 0 1,305 620 685
Wolof 5 5 0 2,440 1,305 1,135
Yoruba 0 0 0 205 130 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5,755 2,990 2,765
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 170 95 70
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 95 75
Sign languages 0 0 0 795 410 380
American Sign Language 0 0 0 50 25 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 435 210 225
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 315 180 140
Sino-Tibetan languages 215 90 120 71,705 33,385 38,320
Chinese languages 210 95 120 71,485 33,270 38,215
Cantonese 100 45 50 23,450 11,055 12,400
Hakka 5 0 5 460 205 255
Mandarin 100 40 55 40,195 18,570 21,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 25 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 5 3,105 1,435 1,675
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 1,020 450 575
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 3,140 1,510 1,635
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Burmese 0 0 0 60 20 35
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 100 55 40
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 35 35
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 4,080 1,845 2,240
Lao 5 0 5 3,545 1,710 1,830
Thai 0 0 0 530 135 395
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 7,375 3,765 3,610
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 260 145 120
Turkish 0 0 0 6,625 3,390 3,235
Uyghur 0 0 0 190 95 100
Uzbek 0 0 0 125 65 65
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 75 95
Uralic languages 5 0 5 5,650 2,570 3,080
Estonian 0 0 0 170 65 105
Finnish 0 0 0 290 95 200
Hungarian 5 0 0 5,185 2,410 2,775
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 275 220
Multiple responses 250 120 125 145,850 72,810 73,040
English and French 115 55 60 47,150 23,885 23,265
English and non-official language 30 15 15 25,440 12,510 12,940
French and non-official language 70 30 40 56,960 28,035 28,925
English, French and non-official language 30 15 15 16,300 8,390 7,910
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 6,335 3,065 3,270 4,053,355 1,982,260 2,071,100
Single responses 5,935 2,865 3,065 3,784,235 1,850,955 1,933,280
Official languages 5,115 2,480 2,640 3,289,705 1,613,690 1,676,015
English 2,030 995 1,030 620,510 309,205 311,310
French 3,085 1,480 1,605 2,669,195 1,304,490 1,364,705
Non-official languages 815 385 435 494,525 237,260 257,265
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 260 110 145
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 145 65 80
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 5
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 20 5 15
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 10 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 20 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 70 30 35
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 50
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 70 25 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 820 385 430 494,265 237,150 257,120
Afro-Asiatic languages 70 40 35 82,560 41,880 40,680
Berber languages 0 0 0 6,830 3,540 3,285
Kabyle 0 0 0 4,610 2,395 2,210
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,225 1,145 1,075
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 360 155 205
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 350 150 200
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Semitic languages 75 40 35 75,305 38,150 37,150
Amharic 0 0 0 315 145 170
Arabic 75 40 35 72,985 36,985 35,995
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 90 50 40
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 5 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,680 865 810
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 190 85 100
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 30 35
Austro-Asiatic languages 35 15 25 23,425 10,940 12,480
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 15 4,720 2,160 2,560
Vietnamese 15 10 10 18,700 8,785 9,915
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 10 5 5 9,405 3,780 5,625
Bikol 0 0 0 15 10 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 220 100 120
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 125 55 70
Ilocano 5 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 0 0 5 260 135 125
Malay 0 0 0 165 80 85
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 35 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5 7,750 3,040 4,710
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 20 30
Creole languages 20 10 15 19,975 8,450 11,520
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 775 345 430
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 15 18,775 7,915 10,865
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 190 225
Dravidian languages 5 0 5 11,330 5,555 5,775
Kannada 0 0 0 140 80 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 190 90 95
Tamil 10 5 5 10,670 5,185 5,485
Telugu 0 0 0 325 190 130
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Indo-European languages 475 230 245 271,930 130,410 141,520
Albanian 5 5 0 1,445 710 730
Armenian 0 5 0 11,835 5,600 6,235
Balto-Slavic languages 70 30 40 35,205 16,555 18,650
Baltic languages 0 0 0 165 70 95
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Lithuanian 0 0 0 100 40 60
Slavic languages 75 30 40 35,040 16,485 18,555
Belarusan 0 0 0 20 10 15
Bosnian 0 0 0 260 125 135
Bulgarian 20 10 10 4,750 2,320 2,435
Croatian 5 0 0 775 365 415
Czech 0 0 0 375 180 200
Macedonian 0 0 0 110 55 50
Polish 5 0 5 5,400 2,430 2,970
Russian 20 5 10 19,390 9,180 10,215
Serbian 5 10 5 1,065 525 540
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 265 125 140
Slovak 5 0 0 215 105 110
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 220 90 130
Ukrainian 0 0 0 2,160 970 1,190
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 15 0
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 5 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 0 0 0 8,705 4,415 4,295
Afrikaans 0 0 0 10 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 40 20 20
Dutch 0 0 0 245 115 130
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 0 0 5 1,585 715 865
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 15 10 5
Swedish 0 0 0 80 40 45
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 30 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,175
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Greek 30 10 15 18,255 8,720 9,530
Indo-Iranian languages 70 40 30 49,790 24,980 24,810
Indo-Aryan languages 25 10 10 30,075 15,245 14,830
Bengali 5 5 5 8,080 4,010 4,075
Gujarati 5 0 5 3,805 1,845 1,965
Hindi 0 0 0 1,485 765 720
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 35
Nepali 0 0 0 260 120 135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 8,775 4,650 4,125
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 70
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 345 175 170
Urdu 5 0 0 7,070 3,560 3,515
Iranian languages 45 25 20 19,580 9,655 9,915
Kurdish 0 0 0 395 210 185
Pashto 0 0 0 875 435 440
Persian (Farsi) 45 30 20 18,305 9,015 9,290
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 80 60
Italic (Romance) languages 295 145 155 146,670 69,415 77,255
Catalan 0 0 0 90 40 45
Italian 10 5 5 32,365 14,310 18,055
Portuguese 30 10 15 14,570 6,930 7,640
Romanian 80 40 45 22,945 11,215 11,725
Spanish 175 85 90 76,680 36,900 39,775
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Japanese 0 0 0 875 360 520
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Georgian 0 0 0 75 40 35
Korean 0 0 0 3,400 1,560 1,835
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 140 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 140 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 0 4,575 2,190 2,385
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 440 210 230
Bamanankan 0 0 0 220 120 100
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 95 40 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 440 210 235
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 5
Igbo 0 0 0 10 5 10
Lingala 0 0 0 480 200 285
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 470 215 250
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 335 140 195
Shona 0 0 0 20 5 15
Swahili 0 5 0 380 190 195
Wolof 0 0 0 775 415 355
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 25 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 835 400 430
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 55 30 25
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 5 0 0 1,050 590 460
American Sign Language 0 0 0 70 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 455 230 225
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 530 325 200
Sino-Tibetan languages 180 80 105 56,635 27,025 29,605
Chinese languages 180 80 100 56,510 26,965 29,545
Cantonese 80 35 40 17,330 8,200 9,130
Hakka 5 0 5 155 75 80
Mandarin 90 40 45 34,295 16,475 17,820
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 1,780 810 970
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 755 345 415
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,160 1,045 1,115
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 120 60 60
Burmese 0 0 0 20 10 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 35 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 2,045 990 1,060
Lao 0 0 0 1,875 920 955
Thai 0 0 0 170 70 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,795 2,380 2,415
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 95 40 50
Turkish 0 0 0 4,420 2,200 2,220
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 65
Uzbek 0 0 0 90 45 45
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 30
Uralic languages 0 0 0 1,885 825 1,055
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 15
Finnish 0 0 0 40 20 25
Hungarian 0 0 0 1,815 800 1,015
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 60 45
Multiple responses 405 200 200 269,125 131,305 137,820
English and French 80 35 40 60,730 30,695 30,030
English and non-official language 45 25 25 50,935 24,565 26,370
French and non-official language 215 110 100 118,985 56,730 62,255
English, French and non-official language 60 30 25 38,480 19,310 19,165
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 6,335 3,065 3,270 4,053,360 1,982,260 2,071,100
None 4,625 2,225 2,395 3,138,775 1,528,660 1,610,115
English 605 305 300 313,765 159,265 154,495
French 650 315 335 247,580 122,255 125,325
Non-official language 345 165 185 274,120 132,890 141,230
Aboriginal 0 0 0 385 150 235
Non-Aboriginal 345 165 180 273,730 132,745 140,990
English and French 75 35 35 33,020 16,620 16,400
English and non-official language 25 10 10 23,200 11,400 11,800
French and non-official language 15 5 10 21,615 10,500 11,110
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 1,295 660 630
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,225 2,500 2,730 3,319,405 1,614,050 1,705,355
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,000 2,390 2,605 3,188,850 1,552,825 1,636,025
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,627 37,774 29,239 33,040 37,389 29,280
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,000 2,390 2,610 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,947 33,621 26,662 29,665 32,824 26,822
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,515 2,225 2,285 2,825,595 1,405,535 1,420,065
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,139 33,344 24,653 30,834 36,170 26,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,855 1,715 2,145 2,452,585 1,109,840 1,342,745
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,584 5,301 8,448 5,943 3,836 7,574
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,585 1,820 1,760 2,335,685 1,199,875 1,135,815
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,918 34,086 29,632 32,153 36,210 28,453
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 5,225 2,500 2,725 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,010 2,415 2,595 3,188,425 1,552,245 1,636,175
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,032 43,951 34,452 44,742 51,915 37,937
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,010 2,415 2,595 3,189,055 1,552,325 1,636,735
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,582 36,142 29,272 36,157 40,802 31,752
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,545 2,245 2,295 2,825,025 1,404,810 1,420,220
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,603 40,789 30,533 43,508 51,847 35,260
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,860 1,760 2,100 2,452,910 1,109,715 1,343,195
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,751 8,267 9,156 8,050 6,985 8,930
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,590 1,785 1,800 2,335,665 1,199,715 1,135,955
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,211 41,234 33,218 43,247 49,826 36,298
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 5,225 2,495 2,730 3,319,375 1,613,985 1,705,390
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,620 860 765 1,032,045 563,555 468,490
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,325 51,340 42,197 49,292 53,860 44,640
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 52,866 57,581 47,571 60,760 67,966 52,092
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.0 86.9 78.2 86.2 90.4 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.2 71.6 66.6 70.7 74.1 66.4
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.0 12.8 21.8 13.8 9.6 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 5,225 2,500 2,730 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355
Without total income 225 105 125 130,555 61,225 69,330
With total income 5,000 2,390 2,605 3,188,850 1,552,830 1,636,020
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.6 95.4 96.1 96.2 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 680 290 390 431,255 201,835 229,425
$10,000 to $19,999 880 345 535 575,490 235,195 340,300
$20,000 to $29,999 715 310 410 465,445 201,390 264,050
$30,000 to $39,999 665 335 335 397,270 187,125 210,145
$40,000 to $49,999 630 295 330 348,385 166,795 181,595
$50,000 to $59,999 410 205 200 259,535 131,895 127,645
$60,000 to $69,999 300 165 135 186,985 101,135 85,850
$70,000 to $79,999 260 140 125 147,600 82,105 65,495
$80,000 to $89,999 145 85 60 101,535 59,265 42,270
$90,000 to $99,999 105 70 35 67,295 42,730 24,560
$100,000 and over 205 155 50 208,040 143,365 64,680
$100,000 to $149,999 170 120 45 134,980 90,500 44,480
$150,000 and over 40 30 5 73,065 52,865 20,205
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,225 2,500 2,730 3,319,405 1,614,055 1,705,350
Without after-tax income 225 105 120 129,930 61,125 68,805
With after-tax income 5,000 2,390 2,610 3,189,475 1,552,930 1,636,550
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.6 95.6 96.1 96.2 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 715 300 410 446,310 205,380 240,930
$10,000 to $19,999 910 360 545 603,035 249,060 353,975
$20,000 to $29,999 880 385 495 563,105 250,605 312,495
$30,000 to $39,999 890 455 440 513,345 247,595 265,755
$40,000 to $49,999 615 295 320 382,030 192,695 189,335
$50,000 to $59,999 445 240 205 251,595 136,730 114,865
$60,000 to $69,999 260 155 105 163,355 93,030 70,325
$70,000 to $79,999 135 95 45 91,425 57,255 34,170
$80,000 and over 150 110 40 175,275 120,585 54,690
$80,000 to $89,999 45 35 15 53,535 35,090 18,445
$90,000 to $99,999 45 30 15 32,550 22,020 10,535
$100,000 and over 55 50 10 89,195 63,475 25,720
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 5,225 2,500 2,730 3,319,410 1,614,055 1,705,355
Without employment income 1,640 675 965 983,720 414,180 569,540
With employment income 3,585 1,825 1,765 2,335,690 1,199,875 1,135,815
Percentage with employment income 68.6 73.0 64.7 70.4 74.3 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 520 280 235 299,295 149,895 149,400
$5,000 to $9,999 300 135 160 184,940 83,240 101,700
$10,000 to $19,999 485 225 260 340,270 154,940 185,330
$20,000 to $29,999 425 195 230 284,860 131,565 153,295
$30,000 to $39,999 415 185 225 270,990 129,240 141,755
$40,000 to $49,999 395 180 215 231,135 113,170 117,965
$50,000 to $59,999 270 140 135 180,235 96,470 83,765
$60,000 to $69,999 215 110 100 137,210 77,190 60,015
$70,000 to $79,999 210 115 100 118,920 67,175 51,740
$80,000 and over 360 260 100 287,835 196,980 90,855
$80,000 to $89,999 95 70 35 76,195 48,370 27,820
$90,000 to $99,999 85 60 30 52,260 35,045 17,220
$100,000 and over 170 135 40 159,380 113,560 45,820
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 60,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,738  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 570,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,081  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,617  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,157,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,109  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,786  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,589  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,382  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 570,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,387  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,039  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,157,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,533  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 70  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 457,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 75  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,727,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 15  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 40  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 85  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 80  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 174,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 148,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 301,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 95  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 90  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,102,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,679  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 391,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,547  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 58,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,319  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 486,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,864  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 105,941  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,888  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,292  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 194,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,054  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,102,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,937  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 103,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,014  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 391,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,203  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,312  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,557  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 486,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,314  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 194,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,517  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 625 255 370 718,550 350,225 368,325
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,413 37,803 33,920 29,850 31,216 28,734
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,616 33,408 30,656 27,212 28,012 26,567
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 640 270 370 717,340 348,660 368,680
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,245 37,907 40,233 39,160 40,830 37,582
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,627 31,182 33,694 32,366 33,188 31,588
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 6,335 3,065 3,270 4,009,790 1,966,755 2,043,035
In the bottom half of the distribution 3,515 1,655 1,860 2,258,795 1,083,185 1,175,610
In the bottom decile 320 165 155 416,230 205,250 210,980
In the second decile 585 270 310 435,520 197,820 237,700
In the third decile 835 375 460 489,830 233,765 256,070
In the fourth decile 870 405 460 474,330 229,435 244,895
In the fifth decile 910 435 470 442,885 216,920 225,965
In the top half of the distribution 2,820 1,415 1,405 1,750,995 883,570 867,425
In the sixth decile 870 430 440 419,115 208,630 210,490
In the seventh decile 745 380 365 392,990 197,220 195,770
In the eighth decile 545 280 270 361,460 182,895 178,565
In the ninth decile 450 225 225 305,085 155,505 149,580
In the top decile 205 100 105 272,335 139,320 133,015
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 6,335 3,070 3,270 4,009,795 1,966,755 2,043,035
0 to 17 years 1,345 690 650 819,405 418,510 400,895
0 to 5 years 435 230 205 279,080 142,795 136,285
18 to 64 years 3,795 1,810 1,990 2,588,750 1,278,315 1,310,435
65 years and over 1,190 560 630 601,635 269,930 331,705
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 590 285 305 614,140 288,445 325,695
0 to 17 years 165 95 75 128,620 65,805 62,820
0 to 5 years 50 25 25 44,445 22,620 21,830
18 to 64 years 305 145 160 381,890 185,820 196,065
65 years and over 125 45 80 103,635 36,820 66,810
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 9.3 9.3 15.3 14.7 15.9
0 to 17 years (%) 12.3 13.8 11.5 15.7 15.7 15.7
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 10.9 12.2 15.9 15.8 16.0
18 to 64 years (%) 8.0 8.0 8.0 14.8 14.5 15.0
65 years and over (%) 10.5 8.0 12.7 17.2 13.6 20.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 410 200 215 479,645 232,435 247,210
0 to 17 years 105 70 40 90,445 46,360 44,090
0 to 5 years 35 20 15 31,445 16,025 15,425
18 to 64 years 230 110 120 326,695 164,545 162,150
65 years and over 70 20 50 62,505 21,530 40,970
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.5 6.5 6.6 12.0 11.8 12.1
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 10.1 6.2 11.0 11.1 11.0
0 to 5 years (%) 8.0 8.7 7.3 11.3 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.1 6.0 12.6 12.9 12.4
65 years and over (%) 5.9 3.6 7.9 10.4 8.0 12.4
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 6,335 3,070 3,270 4,009,790 1,966,705 2,043,090
Official languages 6,190 2,995 3,195 3,946,685 1,941,955 2,004,730
English 4,640 2,325 2,310 2,500,590 1,285,835 1,214,755
French 5,475 2,635 2,840 3,663,310 1,799,755 1,863,560
Non-official languages 2,025 930 1,095 1,332,070 642,340 689,730
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,065 505 565
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 410 235 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 335 165 170
Atikamekw 0 0 0 20 10 10
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 100 50 45
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 70 45 25
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 130 50 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 35 30 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 30 30 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 40 30 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 35 25 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 10 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 450 155 295
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 405 145 270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 180 115 65
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 175 115 60
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 0 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,020 925 1,095 1,331,075 641,870 689,200
Afro-Asiatic languages 355 175 180 271,775 141,620 130,150
Berber languages 55 20 30 24,835 13,075 11,760
Kabyle 45 20 30 14,590 7,710 6,880
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10,385 5,435 4,950
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,105 535 570
Bilen 0 0 0 30 20 15
Oromo 0 0 0 30 20 0
Somali 0 0 0 1,040 490 550
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Semitic languages 310 155 155 259,135 134,960 124,175
Amharic 0 0 0 980 470 510
Arabic 305 150 155 241,000 125,545 115,455
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 165 85 80
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 10
Harari 0 0 0 10 0 10
Hebrew 0 10 0 17,705 9,290 8,415
Maltese 0 0 0 20 0 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 360 165 195
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 80 85
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 615 315 300
Austro-Asiatic languages 95 45 50 42,285 20,135 22,150
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 35 40 10,535 5,000 5,535
Vietnamese 15 10 0 32,090 15,315 16,780
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Austronesian languages 20 10 10 29,150 11,030 18,120
Bikol 0 0 0 105 50 55
Cebuano 0 0 0 915 315 600
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 500 180 315
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,450 875 1,575
Malagasy 0 0 0 1,450 680 770
Malay 0 0 0 985 420 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 100 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 15 35
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 10 15 25,560 9,430 16,135
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 45 10 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 415 200 215
Creole languages 145 80 60 108,785 48,755 60,040
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 4,400 2,020 2,375
Creole, n.o.s. 130 70 60 102,510 45,840 56,670
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,470 1,185 1,280
Dravidian languages 10 0 0 18,510 9,380 9,125
Kannada 0 0 0 395 200 195
Malayalam 0 0 0 485 275 210
Tamil 0 0 0 17,130 8,610 8,520
Telugu 0 0 0 890 520 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 20
Indo-European languages 1,210 550 655 751,240 360,635 390,595
Albanian 0 0 0 2,880 1,460 1,420
Armenian 15 10 0 19,925 9,575 10,350
Balto-Slavic languages 195 80 115 75,250 35,075 40,175
Baltic languages 10 10 0 940 415 525
Latvian 0 0 0 275 110 165
Lithuanian 10 10 0 665 300 360
Slavic languages 200 80 120 74,470 34,735 39,740
Belarusan 0 0 0 310 130 180
Bosnian 0 0 0 580 275 310
Bulgarian 25 15 15 6,785 3,315 3,475
Croatian 20 10 10 2,800 1,380 1,425
Czech 0 0 10 1,665 765 900
Macedonian 0 0 0 235 105 130
Polish 30 15 20 15,340 6,880 8,465
Russian 75 30 40 42,245 20,025 22,220
Serbian 0 0 0 2,430 1,135 1,295
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 0 985 435 545
Slovak 15 10 10 1,235 595 645
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 20 900 445 460
Ukrainian 35 10 25 8,040 3,440 4,595
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 125 55 70
Celtic languages 0 0 0 375 220 155
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 105 60 40
Welsh 0 0 0 65 35 35
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 125 85
Germanic languages 40 35 10 47,450 23,730 23,720
Afrikaans 0 0 0 300 195 105
Danish 0 0 0 590 285 305
Dutch 10 0 0 3,380 1,780 1,600
Frisian 0 0 0 0 10 0
German 30 20 15 30,070 15,095 14,975
Icelandic 0 0 0 100 60 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 355 170 185
Swedish 0 0 0 1,235 600 635
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 510 175 335
Yiddish 0 10 0 12,340 6,195 6,140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 75 105
Greek 70 40 35 49,445 24,590 24,860
Indo-Iranian languages 135 75 65 87,330 44,890 42,440
Indo-Aryan languages 90 45 45 56,910 29,560 27,350
Bengali 10 10 0 12,600 6,470 6,135
Gujarati 0 0 0 7,830 3,805 4,025
Hindi 10 10 0 14,950 7,950 6,995
Kashmiri 0 0 0 50 30 15
Konkani 0 0 0 145 75 75
Marathi 0 0 0 460 240 220
Nepali 0 0 0 355 190 165
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 10 17,580 9,550 8,030
Sindhi 0 0 0 470 225 245
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 10 1,285 595 690
Urdu 60 30 30 15,920 8,370 7,550
Iranian languages 45 25 25 31,700 15,960 15,740
Kurdish 10 0 10 980 510 475
Pashto 0 0 0 1,630 900 725
Persian (Farsi) 35 25 15 29,530 14,835 14,695
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 625 335 290
Italic (Romance) languages 780 340 440 497,655 234,820 262,835
Catalan 0 0 0 695 420 270
Italian 80 30 45 161,770 78,465 83,305
Portuguese 60 15 40 45,620 22,935 22,685
Romanian 190 100 90 39,265 18,875 20,390
Spanish 475 200 270 280,030 128,635 151,400
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 225 115
Japanese 0 0 0 5,465 2,505 2,955
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 200 105 100
Georgian 0 0 0 200 100 95
Korean 10 0 10 5,795 2,645 3,150
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 235 115 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 235 115 120
Niger-Congo languages 10 0 10 37,280 18,580 18,700
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,715 900 815
Bamanankan 0 0 0 1,805 935 865
Edo 0 0 0 170 85 85
Ewe 0 0 0 975 615 360
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 2,730 1,420 1,310
Ga 0 0 0 285 150 140
Ganda 0 0 0 55 25 35
Igbo 0 0 0 240 155 85
Lingala 0 0 0 7,670 3,435 4,235
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 2,235 1,045 1,185
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,955 880 1,075
Shona 0 0 0 130 60 70
Swahili 0 0 0 4,240 2,070 2,170
Wolof 0 0 0 4,815 2,570 2,245
Yoruba 0 0 0 700 375 320
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 12,690 6,510 6,180
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 325 185 140
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 190 140
Sign languages 10 0 0 4,320 1,715 2,610
American Sign Language 0 0 0 465 170 295
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 2,545 905 1,635
Sign languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,470 680 785
Sino-Tibetan languages 220 90 130 83,535 39,325 44,205
Chinese languages 220 90 125 83,340 39,220 44,125
Cantonese 95 45 60 30,500 14,230 16,270
Hakka 0 0 0 525 230 295
Mandarin 160 70 85 54,180 25,145 29,040
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 0 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,030 1,790 2,240
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 1,185 520 670
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,300 2,100 2,200
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 125 85
Burmese 0 0 0 75 45 35
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 45 35 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 6,170 2,915 3,250
Lao 0 0 0 5,085 2,490 2,595
Thai 0 0 0 1,700 680 1,015
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Turkic languages 15 10 0 11,490 5,725 5,760
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 450 235 215
Turkish 15 10 10 10,555 5,275 5,275
Uyghur 0 0 0 235 110 125
Uzbek 0 0 0 195 85 110
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 100 100
Uralic languages 10 0 0 6,965 3,215 3,750
Estonian 0 0 0 125 50 70
Finnish 0 0 0 370 145 225
Hungarian 10 0 10 6,475 3,020 3,455
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,445 825 625
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 6,335 3,065 3,265 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,085
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 6,065 2,920 3,150 3,696,245 1,811,975 1,884,270
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,255 640 615 772,360 394,515 377,845
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 4,815 2,275 2,540 2,923,885 1,417,465 1,506,425
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 270 150 120 313,545 154,730 158,815
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 6,335 3,065 3,270 4,009,795 1,966,705 2,043,090
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 4,745 2,290 2,460 3,002,625 1,476,535 1,526,095
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,575 770 800 936,305 452,805 483,500
Before 1981 520 250 270 207,840 100,575 107,265
1981 to 1990 165 95 70 112,945 55,685 57,265
1991 to 2000 190 85 105 163,525 77,675 85,850
2001 to 2010 540 250 285 272,725 131,570 141,160
2001 to 2005 300 125 170 118,885 57,445 61,440
2006 to 2010 240 125 115 153,840 74,115 79,720
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 160 90 70 179,270 87,305 91,965
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15 10 10 70,860 37,370 33,490
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,575 770 805 936,305 452,800 483,505
Under 5 years 175 75 100 90,505 44,550 45,950
5 to 14 years 210 105 100 148,910 74,380 74,540
15 to 24 years 345 155 195 187,480 85,225 102,255
25 to 44 years 775 395 375 445,085 219,540 225,550
45 years and over 70 30 35 64,325 29,110 35,215
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,575 770 805 936,305 452,800 483,505
Americas 395 195 200 210,770 96,160 114,615
Brazil 10 0 0 5,725 2,750 2,970
Colombia 45 25 20 16,670 7,590 9,085
El Salvador 10 0 10 9,955 4,920 5,035
Guyana 40 20 20 2,430 1,060 1,370
Haiti 90 50 45 75,740 32,980 42,755
Jamaica 15 15 0 4,425 1,910 2,510
Mexico 35 10 30 13,080 5,855 7,230
Peru 25 10 20 11,910 5,355 6,555
Trinidad and Tobago 15 10 15 3,885 1,770 2,110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10 10 0 17,935 9,055 8,885
Other places of birth in Americas 100 50 50 49,030 22,910 26,115
Europe 550 270 275 254,860 125,050 129,805
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 10 0 1,085 525 560
Croatia 10 0 10 1,590 815 775
France 50 30 20 56,805 30,005 26,800
Germany 30 15 20 6,595 2,890 3,700
Greece 55 20 30 17,885 8,790 9,095
Hungary 0 0 0 3,030 1,440 1,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 660 375 285
Italy 20 10 15 48,935 23,950 24,985
Netherlands 0 0 10 1,310 705 600
Poland 20 0 10 9,380 4,045 5,330
Portugal 20 10 10 16,460 7,960 8,500
Romania 120 65 60 26,145 12,405 13,745
Russian Federation 10 0 0 10,290 4,530 5,760
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 1,320 610 715
Ukraine 25 10 20 7,760 3,385 4,375
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 20 15 10 10,385 5,345 5,045
Other places of birth in Europe 140 80 60 35,225 17,275 17,945
Africa 240 115 125 204,635 105,405 99,230
Algeria 110 60 55 54,275 28,225 26,050
Egypt 30 20 20 18,495 9,675 8,820
Ethiopia 0 0 0 865 425 435
Kenya 0 0 0 635 290 340
Morocco 65 25 45 54,495 28,020 26,475
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,140 620 525
Somalia 0 0 0 475 235 245
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 670 365 305
Other places of birth in Africa 30 15 10 73,580 37,550 36,035
Asia 390 190 200 264,955 125,605 139,345
Afghanistan 15 10 10 6,150 3,070 3,085
Bangladesh 0 0 0 7,745 3,895 3,845
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 145 65 80 43,350 18,265 25,080
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 10 4,535 2,220 2,315
India 30 20 10 17,455 8,995 8,460
IranCensus data footnote 61