Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fredericton--Oromocto [Economic region], New Brunswick and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton--Oromocto
New Brunswick
[Economic region]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Fredericton--Oromocto [Economic region], New Brunswick  Map : Fredericton--Oromocto [Economic region], New Brunswick
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 137,527 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 135,467 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 65,997 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 57,784 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 14,514.34 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 137,525 67,665 69,865 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 22,355 11,330 11,025 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 7,230 3,670 3,565 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 7,700 3,915 3,780 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 7,425 3,745 3,685 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 91,375 45,360 46,020 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,890 4,065 3,830 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 9,375 4,910 4,470 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 8,790 4,510 4,285 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 8,720 4,365 4,360 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 8,655 4,170 4,485 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 8,955 4,330 4,630 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 9,210 4,555 4,655 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 10,560 5,195 5,365 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 10,050 4,930 5,115 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 9,165 4,335 4,830 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 23,790 10,970 12,820 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 8,330 4,100 4,235 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,920 2,860 3,055 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 4,165 1,960 2,205 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,755 1,170 1,580 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,615 880 1,740 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,625 620 1,005 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 780 215 565 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 190 45 150 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 0 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 16.7 15.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 66.4 67.0 65.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.3 16.2 18.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.2 40.3 42.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.7 40.6 42.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 57,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 38,180 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 505 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,085 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,275 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,630 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,765 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,200 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 215 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 4,010 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 57,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 15,395 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 22,650 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 9,105 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 7,360 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,275 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 135,135 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 115,170 56,330 58,840 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 70,205 35,045 35,160 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 57,645 28,765 28,875 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 12,565 6,280 6,285 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 44,965 21,290 23,675 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 28,865 15,850 13,010 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 3,435 1,575 1,855 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 6,330 2,545 3,780 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,340 1,315 5,025 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 40,550 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 22,555 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 8,570 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,905 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,515 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 40,550 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 34,580 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 28,300 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 6,280 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,965 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,700 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,270 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 34,580 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 18,790 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 15,790 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 6,920 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 6,465 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,400 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,970 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 3,765 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,655 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 550 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,315 11,330 11,990 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 57,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 39,240 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,290 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,945 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 655 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,895 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 15,395 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,500 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 136,390 67,235 69,150 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 108,115 54,480 53,635 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 690 335 355 1,810 820 985
English and French 26,875 12,095 14,780 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 705 320 385 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 136,390 67,235 69,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 125,620 62,060 63,560 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 9,560 4,625 4,935 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 530 240 280 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 685 310 375 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,820 4,745 5,075 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 7.2 7.1 7.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 136,385 67,235 69,155 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 134,800 66,505 68,295 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 127,875 63,030 64,845 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 118,200 58,355 59,845 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 9,675 4,675 5,000 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 6,925 3,475 3,450 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 145 65 85 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 140 65 80 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 140 65 75 10 5 10
Malecite 100 45 55 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 15 20 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,780 3,405 3,365 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,085 590 490 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 5 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,075 590 490 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 40 25 15 1,370 670 700
Arabic 975 525 450 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 60 35 25 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 5 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 10 5 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 105 95 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 195 105 90 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 215 85 135 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 10 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 5 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 25 10 15 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 60 100 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 5 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 80 45 40 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 5 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 45 25 20 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 15 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 3,125 1,545 1,580 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 25 10 15 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 740 360 390 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 20 10 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 5 0 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 10 505 225 280
Slavic languages 725 345 375 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 40 20 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 10 5 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 35 10 25 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 15 5 10 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 80 35 40 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 390 200 190 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 80 40 35 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 25 5 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 0 0 0 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 55 25 30 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 885 410 480 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 5 0 0 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 25 10 15 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 290 155 135 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 0 0 295 145 145
German 520 220 300 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 10 5 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 25 5 15 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 35 20 10 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 845 450 390 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 495 270 230 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 85 50 35 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 25 10 15 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 100 50 55 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 25 10 15 620 325 295
Nepali 140 70 70 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 15 10 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 70 40 30 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 345 180 165 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 15 10 10 1,765 945 825
Pashto 15 5 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 315 165 145 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 580 295 290 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 75 45 35 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 80 35 40 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 70 35 40 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 350 180 170 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 30 0 25 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 375 200 170 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 5 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 155 80 70 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 5 215 100 115
Swahili 50 20 25 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 10 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 45 20 25 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 15 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,310 655 650 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,310 655 655 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 130 65 65 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 10 10 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 1,025 520 505 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 35 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 35 30 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 20 10 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 5 15 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 40 25 20 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 30 15 15 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 75 30 40 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 5 5 705 295 410
Finnish 15 5 10 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 45 25 25 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,585 730 855 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,060 475 580 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 445 215 230 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 45 20 25 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 35 20 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 136,385 67,235 69,155 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 134,450 66,285 68,160 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 130,495 64,260 66,235 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 124,970 61,530 63,435 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 5,535 2,730 2,805 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,950 2,025 1,925 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 25 10 10 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 15 10 5 0 0
Malecite 20 10 10 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,925 2,010 1,915 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 735 370 360 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 730 375 360 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 15 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 685 355 335 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 25 15 15 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 170 90 80 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 160 85 80 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 60 25 40 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 20 25 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 40 20 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 20 10 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 10 10 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,475 755 720 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 10 10 695 335 360
Armenian 10 5 10 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 465 240 225 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 450 230 225 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 20 10 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 5 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 0 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 15 10 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 295 150 145 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 65 30 30 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 30 15 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 145 70 75 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 5 305 145 160
Dutch 40 25 20 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 95 45 50 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 10 5 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 575 305 275 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 305 160 150 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 55 30 20 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 15 10 5 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 65 35 30 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 0 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 105 45 55 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 0 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 40 25 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 270 140 130 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 5 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 260 135 120 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 250 130 125 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 15 5 10 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 35 15 15 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 35 15 15 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 175 90 85 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 5 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 285 155 130 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 40 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 5 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 30 10 20 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 55 30 20 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 20 10 10 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,010 520 495 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 1,010 520 495 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 65 30 35 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 850 445 405 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 20 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 15 10 5 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 10 5 0 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,940 945 990 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 765 365 400 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,090 550 545 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 5 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 65 25 35 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 136,390 67,235 69,155 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 125,145 61,995 63,155 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 4,140 2,045 2,095 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 4,805 2,120 2,685 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,110 985 1,120 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 200 85 120 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,905 900 1,000 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 40 20 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 55 25 30 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 90 40 50 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 112,825 55,140 57,680 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,315 52,475 54,845 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,067 42,066 27,457 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 107,380 52,480 54,900 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,556 36,813 25,263 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,705 48,655 48,050 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,955 40,346 24,937 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,365 31,615 42,745 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,686 7,283 6,264 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,115 40,970 38,145 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,591 39,771 26,296 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 112,805 55,100 57,705 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,280 52,295 54,980 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,974 49,193 35,108 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,330 52,300 55,030 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,134 40,486 30,048 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,730 48,590 48,140 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,448 47,691 33,137 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,395 31,560 42,835 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,935 8,091 7,821 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,115 40,665 38,450 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,172 46,505 33,474 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 112,800 55,100 57,700 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 40,255 21,840 18,420 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,642 56,390 43,972 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,305 62,480 48,984 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 87.0 90.2 82.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 73.5 66.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.0 9.8 17.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 112,825 55,145 57,680 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 5,510 2,665 2,840 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 107,315 52,475 54,840 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.2 95.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,500 5,940 8,560 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,915 6,545 11,375 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 15,815 6,255 9,555 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 13,340 6,210 7,130 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 11,825 5,915 5,915 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 9,250 5,375 3,870 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 7,495 4,860 2,635 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 5,435 3,275 2,160 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,650 2,220 1,435 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,200 1,490 705 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,885 4,385 1,505 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,255 3,130 1,120 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,635 1,250 385 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 112,825 55,140 57,680 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 5,450 2,665 2,780 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 107,380 52,480 54,895 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.2 95.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,165 6,035 9,135 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 18,975 7,005 11,965 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 18,640 7,705 10,930 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 16,485 7,995 8,485 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 13,525 7,535 5,985 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 9,820 6,315 3,500 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 6,200 3,695 2,510 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,215 2,170 1,040 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,360 4,020 1,340 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,905 1,410 495 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,060 805 255 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,400 1,810 590 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 112,825 55,145 57,680 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 33,710 14,175 19,530 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 79,115 40,970 38,145 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.1 74.3 66.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,660 4,455 5,210 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 6,575 2,820 3,755 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 11,085 4,825 6,255 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 10,040 4,410 5,630 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 8,420 4,085 4,340 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 8,160 4,045 4,110 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 6,505 3,955 2,550 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 5,605 3,675 1,930 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 4,250 2,455 1,795 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,815 6,245 2,565 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,780 1,745 1,035 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,690 1,145 545 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,345 3,355 985 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 57,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,365 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,088 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 15,395 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,802 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,350 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 42,390 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,789 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,103 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 57,785 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,926 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,260 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 15,400 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,651 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,402 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 42,385 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,465 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,468 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 57,785 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 820 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,165 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,135 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,450 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,555 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,510 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,775 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,650 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,650 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,600 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,915 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,825 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,285 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,820 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,190 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,435 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,035 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,895 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,530 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,985 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 57,785 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 860 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,180 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,155 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,575 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,920 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,840 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,235 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,280 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,250 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,270 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,035 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,535 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,590 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,945 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,085 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,045 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,260 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,455 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,325 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 40,410 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,438 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 69,444 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 17,975 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,746 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,786 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,940 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,903 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,455 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,585 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,101 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,348 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 40,415 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,971 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,735 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 18,005 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,392 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,097 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,920 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,078 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,164 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,595 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,512 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,832 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,180 10,415 10,765 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,907 32,573 27,738 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,336 29,248 25,955 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,125 10,245 10,880 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,192 39,252 35,253 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,695 32,874 30,585 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 135,130 66,445 68,685 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 74,220 35,650 38,575 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 14,950 7,180 7,765 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 14,755 6,660 8,095 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 14,580 7,050 7,530 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 15,160 7,425 7,745 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 14,775 7,330 7,440 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 60,910 30,800 30,110 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 15,105 7,625 7,485 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 14,395 7,325 7,070 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 13,075 6,545 6,525 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,850 5,505 5,350 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,485 3,805 3,680 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 133,325 65,570 67,760 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 26,260 13,365 12,895 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 8,555 4,325 4,225 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 84,625 41,660 42,965 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 22,445 10,545 11,900 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 20,700 9,520 11,180 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 5,345 2,720 2,620 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,820 910 910 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 11,865 5,440 6,420 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,490 1,355 2,135 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.5 16.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.4 20.4 20.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 21.0 21.5 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.0 13.1 14.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 15.5 12.8 17.9 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,025 4,925 5,105 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,355 1,220 1,135 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 815 410 405 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 7,285 3,555 3,735 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 385 150 235 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.5 7.5 7.5 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.1 8.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.5 9.5 9.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.5 8.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.4 2.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 135,130 66,445 68,685 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 134,440 66,135 68,310 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 133,855 65,820 68,040 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 27,275 12,245 15,025 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 9,660 4,755 4,900 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 430 190 240 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 400 185 215 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 10 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 390 185 205 30 20 10
Malecite 300 140 155 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 95 45 50 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 25 10 20 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 20 10 20 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,250 4,570 4,680 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,515 760 760 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,515 760 755 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 55 35 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,260 635 630 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 205 100 105 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 10 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 155 130 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 275 155 125 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 210 80 135 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 15 10 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 35 15 25 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 155 65 95 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 30 20 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 25 20 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 150 75 75 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 15 0 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 95 55 45 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 65 30 35 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 4,920 2,355 2,560 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 45 25 20 1,640 840 795
Armenian 45 20 25 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 850 425 430 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 20 10 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 840 420 420 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 55 30 25 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 20 0 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 45 10 35 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 25 15 15 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 120 60 60 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 530 280 255 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 40 30 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 10 0 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 85 25 60 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 55 20 35 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 30 0 20 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 1,400 685 715 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 0 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 30 10 15 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 440 205 240 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 970 485 480 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 35 10 20 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 70 35 40 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,065 545 515 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 710 380 325 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 100 75 25 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 55 25 25 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 325 170 155 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 0 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 175 80 90 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 35 35 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 105 60 50 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 380 185 195 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 40 15 25 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 35 20 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 305 145 155 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,600 710 890 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 190 70 110 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 130 80 55 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 40 20 25 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,315 585 730 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 105 40 65 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 450 235 215 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 10 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 10 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 305 190 110 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 15 15 0 425 240 185
Lingala 10 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 20 10 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 75 45 25 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 40 25 15 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 235 85 150 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 105 25 75 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 135 60 75 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,370 740 635 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,370 740 630 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 150 75 70 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,170 650 520 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 25 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 40 35 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 40 20 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 10 0 10 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 30 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 35 10 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 55 25 30 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 50 25 30 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 60 25 40 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 10 0 780 350 425
Finnish 10 0 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 45 20 25 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 135,130 66,445 68,685 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 129,930 63,810 66,120 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,770 13,210 12,560 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 104,165 50,600 53,560 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,200 2,635 2,565 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 135,135 66,445 68,685 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 124,825 61,375 63,450 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 9,270 4,430 4,835 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 2,755 1,285 1,470 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 775 375 400 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 975 460 520 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 2,065 1,005 1,060 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 715 320 395 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,350 685 670 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,695 1,310 1,380 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,035 640 400 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 9,270 4,430 4,835 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,275 550 720 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,050 980 1,070 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,665 745 925 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,510 1,720 1,795 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 765 445 320 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,270 4,430 4,840 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,755 810 945 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 15 10 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 40 25 15 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 70 45 25 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 0 20 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 30 20 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 20 15 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 10 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 40 25 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,325 585 735 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 180 75 105 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 3,060 1,430 1,635 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 30 35 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 15 0 0 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 85 40 45 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 550 220 335 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 15 10 10 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 30 15 20 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 20 15 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 25 15 10 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 330 180 155 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 65 30 35 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 45 30 20 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 35 15 20 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 60 35 25 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 130 55 75 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,275 615 665 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 270 120 155 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 620 345 270 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 10 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 45 30 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 50 25 25 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 15 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 20 10 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 70 35 35 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 10 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 385 220 170 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 3,755 1,820 1,940 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 55 35 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 840 420 420 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 35 25 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 310 145 165 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 260 115 140 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 50 20 30 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 20 10 15 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 425 230 195 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 180 95 85 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 75 30 40 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 185 70 115 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 25 10 15 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 480 235 245 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 30 10 15 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 255 130 125 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 530 235 290 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 80 35 45 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,695 1,310 1,385 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 165 85 80 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 10 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 15 15 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 85 40 45 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 50 25 25 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 275 150 130 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 10 0 970 510 460
Germany 25 20 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380