Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montérégie [Economic region], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montérégie
Quebec
[Economic region]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Montérégie [Economic region], Quebec  Map : Montérégie [Economic region], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,507,070 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,442,433 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 657,344 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 626,077 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 135.4 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 11,132.34 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,507,070 741,455 765,615 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 258,825 132,555 126,265 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 83,415 42,750 40,665 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 91,610 47,000 44,610 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 83,800 42,810 40,995 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 977,470 486,190 491,285 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 83,280 42,565 40,715 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 86,680 44,415 42,270 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 80,250 40,305 39,945 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 87,625 43,170 44,460 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 101,380 50,110 51,275 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 96,765 48,095 48,665 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 100,295 49,910 50,390 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 118,685 58,630 60,055 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 119,035 58,540 60,495 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 103,460 50,460 53,005 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 270,775 122,705 148,065 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 91,110 43,580 47,535 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 71,365 34,190 37,170 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 46,595 21,465 25,130 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 31,550 13,455 18,100 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 30,150 10,015 20,135 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 19,605 7,275 12,330 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 8,220 2,300 5,920 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 2,060 410 1,650 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 270 30 235 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.2 17.9 16.5 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.6 64.2 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 18.0 16.5 19.3 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.0 1.4 2.6 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.7 40.7 42.6 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 42.8 41.8 43.9 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 626,080 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 348,535 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,240 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 260,740 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 34,665 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 16,170 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 29,025 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 177,340 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,540 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5,565 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 626,075 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 182,495 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 223,740 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 92,945 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 85,660 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,235 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,474,525 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,248,250 608,895 639,345 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 739,545 369,700 369,840 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 440,600 220,365 220,230 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 298,945 149,335 149,605 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 508,700 239,195 269,505 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 337,030 182,150 154,880 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 16,645 7,480 9,165 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 87,680 34,665 53,015 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 67,345 14,900 52,445 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 432,715 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 225,635 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 90,105 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 83,335 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 33,640 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 432,720 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 362,940 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 213,685 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 149,255 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 69,775 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 51,080 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 18,690 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 362,945 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 183,285 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 179,660 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 69,010 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 78,310 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 32,335 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 69,775 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 42,350 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 21,095 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 6,325 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 241,435 116,535 124,895 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 626,075 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 420,690 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 178,200 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 242,495 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,925 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 199,460 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 182,500 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 16,965 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,491,970 735,650 756,325 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 48,350 24,350 24,005 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 717,125 331,285 385,835 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 717,805 376,180 341,625 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 8,695 3,835 4,855 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,491,970 735,650 756,320 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 151,265 75,885 75,375 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 1,293,645 636,090 657,555 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 38,665 20,000 18,665 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 8,395 3,670 4,720 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 170,600 85,890 84,710 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 11.4 11.7 11.2 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,491,970 735,650 756,320 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 1,462,465 720,875 741,590 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 1,338,810 659,870 678,940 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 114,710 57,470 57,240 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 1,224,105 602,400 621,700 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 123,650 61,005 62,645 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 430 185 245 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 55 25 30 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 20 25 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 25 10 15 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 5 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 20 40 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 45 15 35 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 310 135 175 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 310 135 175 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 123,220 60,820 62,400 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,560 9,385 8,175 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 2,005 1,060 945 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 1,190 610 575 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 815 450 365 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 60 35 30 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 55 35 30 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 30 20 10
Semitic languages 15,455 8,270 7,185 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 40 15 20 745 340 405
Arabic 15,265 8,165 7,095 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 115 65 50 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 10 5 5 25 10 15
Tigrigna 20 10 10 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,150 1,955 2,200 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 830 375 455 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 3,315 1,575 1,740 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 1,970 725 1,245 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 0 5 115 35 80
Cebuano 80 20 60 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 410 125 275
Ilocano 95 35 65 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 305 150 155 1,250 590 660
Malay 95 35 60 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 205 90 110
Pangasinan 5 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,325 460 865 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 320 140 180
Creole languages 5,275 2,450 2,825 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 250 120 135 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 4,715 2,190 2,520 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 310 145 165 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 750 365 385 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 30 15 10 240 130 110
Malayalam 70 30 40 440 235 205
Tamil 600 290 305 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 55 30 25 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 70,795 35,125 35,675 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 150 80 75 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 600 300 300 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 10,640 4,985 5,655 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 135 55 75 850 335 515
Latvian 25 10 20 290 120 175
Lithuanian 100 50 60 555 215 340
Slavic languages 10,510 4,930 5,580 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 20 10 5 80 45 35
Bosnian 115 60 60 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 1,340 670 670 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 275 145 130 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 255 125 130 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 40 25 20 205 105 95
Polish 2,330 1,040 1,290 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 4,685 2,160 2,520 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 250 130 120 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 100 50 50 1,805 865 940
Slovak 165 80 90 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 100 115 755 350 405
Ukrainian 695 325 370 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 175 90 85
Celtic languages 35 20 15 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 20 15 10
Welsh 15 10 10 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 90 55 30
Germanic languages 4,175 2,080 2,095 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 15 5 10 125 60 65
Danish 95 55 45 395 190 200
Dutch 705 350 350 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 5 0 5 10 10 0
German 2,990 1,490 1,505 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 5 0 5 65 30 35
Norwegian 35 15 15 200 100 100
Swedish 85 40 50 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 210 105 105 540 240 300
Yiddish 15 10 5 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 175 100 75
Greek 3,070 1,650 1,420 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 10,120 5,190 4,930 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 4,635 2,330 2,305 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 705 360 345 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 440 215 225 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 410 210 200 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 5 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 15 5 15 110 60 55
Marathi 35 15 20 255 145 110
Nepali 30 15 15 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,545 775 775 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 30 15 15 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 40 645 310 330
Urdu 1,325 675 650 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 5,435 2,830 2,600 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 75 45 25 985 550 430
Pashto 140 70 65 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 5,225 2,715 2,510 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 42,005 20,825 21,180 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 35 20 10 320 170 150
Italian 6,275 3,465 2,810 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 4,915 2,380 2,535 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 6,655 3,205 3,450 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 24,120 11,750 12,370 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 125 75 50
Japanese 270 70 200 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 170 80 85
Georgian 10 5 5 170 80 90
Korean 515 220 300 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 190 75 115
Mongolian 10 0 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 3,535 1,815 1,720 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 85 40 40 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 185 90 90 1,200 655 545
Edo 5 5 5 75 45 30
Ewe 105 60 45 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 240 125 110 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 15 5 10 80 40 40
Ganda 5 5 5 35 15 20
Igbo 15 10 10 120 70 50
Lingala 205 110 95 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 445 210 240 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 270 120 145 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 15 5 10 85 45 40
Swahili 405 205 205 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 505 270 230 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 35 20 10 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,010 535 480 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 15 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 335 170 165
Sign languages 225 115 115 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 10 10 5 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 140 65 70 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 75 40 35 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 15,645 7,345 8,300 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 15,570 7,310 8,260 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 6,510 3,090 3,420 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 150 65 80 470 215 260
Mandarin 7,685 3,570 4,115 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 5 0 5 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 445 210 235 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 245 110 135 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 525 260 270 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 40 35 345 175 170
Burmese 5 0 5 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 70 40 30 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 735 345 395 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 640 315 320 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 100 25 70 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 780 395 385 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 30 15 20 290 160 130
Turkish 685 350 335 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 50 20 25 205 100 105
Uzbek 5 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 185 80 105
Uralic languages 885 440 450 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 20 10 15 195 75 120
Finnish 60 15 40 360 125 240
Hungarian 800 410 390 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 50 15 685 385 300
Multiple responses 29,510 14,775 14,735 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 15,985 8,040 7,940 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 2,845 1,425 1,420 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 8,210 4,040 4,165 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 2,470 1,260 1,210 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,491,970 735,650 756,320 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 1,446,355 713,345 733,010 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 1,379,495 680,545 698,950 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 133,220 66,750 66,470 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 1,246,275 613,795 632,480 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 66,860 32,800 34,060 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 80 35 45 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 5 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 10 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 55 30 30 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 60 30 30 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,785 32,770 34,020 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,890 3,485 3,405 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 590 300 290 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 395 195 200 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 195 105 95 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 25 10 15 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 25 15 15 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 6,270 3,170 3,095 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 5 340 150 185
Arabic 6,225 3,150 3,080 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 35 20 15 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,540 1,215 1,330 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 420 195 230 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 2,125 1,025 1,100 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 575 265 310 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 5 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 130 55 75
Ilocano 30 10 20 740 305 435
Malagasy 95 50 45 360 185 170
Malay 15 5 10 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 410 185 220 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 1,895 825 1,070 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 90 35 55 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 1,645 715 930 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 165 80 85 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 495 235 255 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 20 10 10 150 85 65
Malayalam 35 20 15 200 100 100
Tamil 405 190 215 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 35 20 15 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 39,020 19,270 19,745 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 95 40 50 1,615 795 820
Armenian 255 120 130 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 6,580 3,220 3,360 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 25 10 10 190 80 105
Latvian 5 5 5 75 40 40
Lithuanian 20 10 10 115 40 70
Slavic languages 6,560 3,210 3,345 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 5 0 5 25 15 15
Bosnian 75 40 35 965 475 495
Bulgarian 1,035 510 530 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 90 45 45 1,015 475 545
Czech 90 50 45 460 220 240
Macedonian 30 15 10 130 65 65
Polish 1,035 495 535 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 3,610 1,775 1,835 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 130 65 65 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 960 470 490
Slovak 45 25 20 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 30 45 225 95 135
Ukrainian 305 145 160 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 10 5 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 700 325 370 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 15 5 10 50 25 25
Dutch 80 25 50 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 575 280 295 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 5 5 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 1,235 610 625 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 6,730 3,355 3,375 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 2,810 1,360 1,450 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 450 220 225 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 235 110 125 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 235 115 120 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 15 5 5 80 40 40
Nepali 25 10 15 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,050 510 540 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 30 15 15 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 30 25 365 185 180
Urdu 715 345 375 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 3,910 1,990 1,920 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 20 15 5 510 280 235
Pashto 85 35 55 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 3,800 1,940 1,865 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 23,425 11,585 11,835 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 10 5 5 110 50 60
Italian 995 450 545 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 2,165 1,050 1,120 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 4,600 2,270 2,330 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 15,645 7,815 7,835 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 100 35 60 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 70 35 35
Georgian 10 5 0 70 40 35
Korean 335 155 180 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 875 425 450 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 30 10 15 445 215 235
Bamanankan 35 20 15 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 20 10 10 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 25 30 530 255 280
Ga 5 0 5 15 5 10
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 55 30 25 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 155 75 80 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 175 85 95 1,100 535 565
Wolof 160 85 70 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 5 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 60 65 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 295 160 130 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 15 5 10 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 110 55 50 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 95 70 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,725 6,185 6,550 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 12,670 6,145 6,525 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 5,055 2,440 2,620 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 50 20 30 155 75 80
Mandarin 6,775 3,315 3,465 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 235 105 130 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 160 75 90 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 195 190 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 35 25 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 55 30 25 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 300 150 155 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 280 140 145 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 15 10 10 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 510 250 260 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 10 5 10 100 50 55
Turkish 455 225 230 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 35 15 20 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 225 110 110 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 5 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 5 5 5 50 20 30
Hungarian 210 105 105 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 45,615 22,305 23,315 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 17,560 8,715 8,845 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 5,510 2,675 2,835 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 17,085 8,180 8,905 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 5,460 2,730 2,730 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,491,970 735,650 756,320 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 1,285,150 631,905 653,245 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 101,945 52,115 49,830 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 55,865 27,715 28,150 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 36,445 17,680 18,765 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 350 160 190 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 36,090 17,515 18,575 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 5,345 2,725 2,625 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 4,345 2,130 2,215 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 2,705 1,290 1,415 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 180 95 85 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,216,115 597,030 619,085 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,175,710 578,295 597,415 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,561 41,173 30,272 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,176,000 578,325 597,670 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,392 35,484 27,371 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,061,180 534,280 526,905 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,345 38,759 26,342 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 880,410 398,605 481,805 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,400 6,072 8,212 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 870,700 451,140 419,560 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,773 38,990 28,988 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,216,110 597,040 619,075 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,175,195 577,750 597,445 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,724 52,318 37,380 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,175,490 577,770 597,720 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,388 41,515 31,432 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,060,705 533,315 527,385 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,376 50,760 33,898 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 880,815 398,750 482,065 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,641 7,914 9,242 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 870,705 450,445 420,260 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,491 49,118 35,388 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,216,115 597,035 619,075 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 402,780 220,590 182,190 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,921 54,496 43,119 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,494 65,839 49,600 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.5 80.2 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 73.1 66.5 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.5 19.8 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,216,110 597,030 619,085 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 40,405 18,735 21,665 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 1,175,710 578,295 597,415 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 132,580 56,660 75,925 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 198,855 76,835 122,025 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 171,190 72,770 98,415 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 155,030 73,780 81,250 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 141,170 70,550 70,625 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 105,230 56,930 48,300 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 75,475 43,300 32,175 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 58,980 34,390 24,590 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 39,375 24,190 15,185 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 25,995 17,280 8,720 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 71,830 51,615 20,215 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 49,495 34,910 14,590 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 22,330 16,710 5,625 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,216,110 597,030 619,085 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 40,115 18,705 21,410 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 1,175,995 578,330 597,675 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.9 96.5 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 139,360 57,985 81,375 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 209,740 82,045 127,705 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 210,315 92,640 117,675 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 203,905 101,770 102,140 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 153,410 82,060 71,345 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 100,930 58,120 42,805 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 64,120 38,370 25,750 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 35,020 22,955 12,060 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 59,210 42,395 16,815 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 19,795 13,645 6,155 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 11,440 8,165 3,275 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 27,970 20,585 7,385 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,216,110 597,030 619,085 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 345,410 145,890 199,520 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 870,705 451,140 419,560 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 71.6 75.6 67.8 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 108,805 56,125 52,680 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 64,140 27,775 36,370 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 119,965 51,790 68,180 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 103,860 45,640 58,225 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 105,195 49,375 55,815 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 91,910 46,825 45,085 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 71,380 40,195 31,185 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 54,140 31,865 22,275 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 46,745 27,495 19,250 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 104,555 74,055 30,505 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 29,485 19,570 9,920 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 20,195 13,985 6,210 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 54,875 40,500 14,375 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 626,080 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,165 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,679 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 182,500 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,138 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,253 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 443,575 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,760 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,857 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 626,075 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,950 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,320 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 182,490 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,980 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,644 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 443,590 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,216 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,174 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 626,080 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,980 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,130 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 16,275 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 25,145 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 27,990 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 23,095 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 28,800 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 30,390 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 30,030 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 29,155 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 54,405 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 49,125 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 45,080 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 40,015 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 34,790 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 179,680 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 66,765 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 42,905 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 41,295 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 28,715 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 626,080 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,590 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,340 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 16,470 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 26,600 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 31,650 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 28,500 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 37,025 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 37,600 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 36,285 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 35,360 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 65,350 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 57,895 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 49,645 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 41,705 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 34,225 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 114,825 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,210 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 28,050 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 30,565 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 431,740 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,007 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,994 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 174,745 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,452 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,505 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 180,580 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,848 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,178 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 67,080 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,727 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,822 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 431,760 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,635 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,396 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 174,875 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,238 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,583 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 180,530 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,827 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,249 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 67,070 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,244 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,477 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 217,045 105,995 111,050 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,236 35,655 29,206 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,888 31,121 26,860 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 216,680 105,120 111,560 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,050 43,195 37,087 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,223 35,082 31,472 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,474,530 729,325 745,205 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 773,445 372,320 401,125 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 100,920 48,640 52,280 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 139,560 62,385 77,170 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 171,100 82,320 88,775 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 181,950 89,435 92,515 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 179,920 89,535 90,385 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 701,085 357,005 344,080 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 176,750 89,220 87,530 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 165,875 84,280 81,595 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 148,555 75,895 72,660 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 118,935 60,970 57,965 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 90,965 46,640 44,325 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,473,340 728,760 744,580 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 306,870 157,010 149,855 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 101,145 51,855 49,285 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 922,235 457,300 464,935 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 244,245 114,455 129,790 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 164,360 74,725 89,640 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 34,335 17,590 16,745 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 10,880 5,530 5,355 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 92,710 43,780 48,930 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 37,315 13,350 23,965 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.2 10.3 12.0 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 11.2 11.2 11.2 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.8 10.7 10.9 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.1 9.6 10.5 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 15.3 11.7 18.5 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,940 44,025 47,920 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 18,080 9,240 8,830 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 5,825 2,955 2,870 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 62,495 30,995 31,500 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 11,375 3,785 7,585 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.2 6.0 6.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.9 5.9 5.9 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 5.8 5.7 5.8 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.8 6.8 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 4.7 3.3 5.8 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,474,530 729,320 745,205 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 1,465,990 725,650 740,340 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 761,225 398,540 362,685 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 1,418,005 701,455 716,555 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 199,100 96,305 102,795 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 750 375 375 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 100 65 40 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 75 45 35 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 50 40 15 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 10 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 15 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 10 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 65 35 30 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 50 25 25 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 570 265 300 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 565 265 295 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dakota 10 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 198,375 95,960 102,420 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 26,465 14,085 12,380 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 2,705 1,425 1,280 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 1,650 855 800 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,065 575 485 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 55 25 30 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 55 25 25 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 24,995 13,335 11,660 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 70 30 40 1,145 540 600
Arabic 24,265 12,955 11,310 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 630 350 275 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 20 0 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 60 25 30 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 95 55 45 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,135 2,465 2,675 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,080 480 605 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 4,070 1,995 2,075 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 2,800 1,065 1,735 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 150 35 115 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 35 10 30 540 195 350
Ilocano 120 35 80 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 520 240 280 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 120 55 70 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 10 0 10 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,050 735 1,320 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 540 270 275
Creole languages 12,125 5,695 6,435 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 530 220 310 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 10,905 5,130 5,775 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 800 400 400 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 1,105 530 575 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 50 30 20 415 210 205
Malayalam 85 45 40 510 285 220
Tamil 955 445 505 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 55 35 25 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 125,565 60,525 65,035 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 255 125 130 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 840 410 430 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 13,640 6,610 7,030 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 180 70 120 1,080 500 585
Latvian 25 0 25 335 150 185
Lithuanian 155 65 95 755 350 410
Slavic languages 13,485 6,565 6,925 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 80 30 45 365 150 215
Bosnian 130 60 75 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 1,490 770 720 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 455 245 210 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 275 135 140 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 75 30 40 285 140 145
Polish 3,130 1,475 1,660 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 7,210 3,530 3,675 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 265 150 115 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 190 85 105 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 225 105 120 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 135 140 970 490 480
Ukrainian 1,385 610 775 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 150 75 75
Celtic languages 90 60 35 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 15 155 95 65
Welsh 20 10 10 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 265 175 95
Germanic languages 8,815 4,585 4,230 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 80 35 40 415 260 150
Danish 140 80 60 835 410 420
Dutch 1,010 525 480 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 10 15 10 0
German 7,285 3,845 3,435 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 20 10 15 140 80 60
Norwegian 40 25 15 510 255 255
Swedish 225 120 105 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 285 110 170 760 265 495
Yiddish 50 35 15 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 270 125 140
Greek 4,450 2,330 2,125 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 12,885 6,540 6,340 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 7,040 3,470 3,570 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 1,015 510 500 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 775 365 415 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 2,000 975 1,020 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 10 0 10 45 35 15
Konkani 30 20 15 150 70 75
Marathi 80 40 40 475 240 230
Nepali 50 20 30 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,230 1,125 1,105 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 95 60 40 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 80 90 1,335 625 710
Urdu 2,440 1,240 1,200 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 6,240 3,250 2,995 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 100 60 45 1,255 665 590
Pashto 345 200 150 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 5,975 3,110 2,870 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 89,205 42,175 47,025 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 100 70 30 890 525 365
Italian 14,215 7,270 6,945 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 7,245 3,645 3,600 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 7,585 3,715 3,865 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 64,420 29,685 34,730 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 490 345 145
Japanese 915 480 430 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 730 295 440 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 270 135 130
Mongolian 25 0 10 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 6,430 3,085 3,350 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 120 65 50 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 275 130 145 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 15 0 190 95 95
Ewe 225 110 115 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 335 160 170 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 30 10 20 315 155 160
Ganda 10 10 10 90 40 55
Igbo 20 10 10 275 190 90
Lingala 1,030 465 570 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 385 190 195 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 375 165 215 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 25 0 20 150 75 80
Swahili 1,130 510 620 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 1,020 550 470 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 75 30 45 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,335 1,150 1,190 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 25 35 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 695 345 350
Sign languages 1,520 595 930 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 155 65 90 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 900 295 610 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 530 255 270 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,915 8,390 9,525 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 17,845 8,360 9,485 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 7,995 3,725 4,270 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 145 50 90 545 240 310
Mandarin 10,975 5,005 5,965 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 650 285 365 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 230 80 145 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 760 390 365 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 35 40 430 235 195
Burmese 10 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 25 20 10 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 15 30 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,250 600 655 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 1,025 520 505 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 390 150 235 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 1,140 600 540 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 35 20 15 510 275 235
Turkish 1,035 545 485 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 55 25 30 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 235 115 120
Uralic languages 1,085 525 560 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 10 0 10 150 55 95
Finnish 100 45 55 500 195 305
Hungarian 975 480 495 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 285 180 100 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,474,525 729,325 745,205 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,435,165 710,360 724,810 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 300,295 154,070 146,225 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,134,865 556,285 578,585 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 39,365 18,970 20,395 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,474,530 729,325 745,205 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,322,090 654,425 667,660 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 147,110 72,100 75,010 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 34,905 17,945 16,960 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 16,725 8,455 8,270 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 25,155 11,970 13,180 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 46,555 22,425 24,130 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 21,540 10,420 11,120 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 25,015 12,005 13,015 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 23,775 11,315 12,465 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,330 2,795 2,535 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 147,110 72,100 75,010 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 16,850 8,095 8,755 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 25,150 12,935 12,220 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 27,935 12,855 15,080 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 67,975 33,870 34,105 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 9,200 4,355 4,850 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 147,110 72,105 75,005 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 34,760 15,800 18,955 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 1,025 500 530 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 5,695 2,520 3,175 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 970 510 460 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 505 250 255 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 6,845 3,010 3,835 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 675 300 375 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 2,375 980 1,400 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 2,625 1,200 1,430 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 815 415 410 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,270 1,840 2,435 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 8,945 4,285 4,665 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 45,320 23,560 21,760 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 180 90 90 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 265 145 125 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 13,145 7,330 5,820 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 1,980 965 1,015 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 1,475 795 685 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 425 230 190 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 155 90 65 820 485 330
Italy 2,810 1,665 1,150 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 450 230 220 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 1,780 800 980 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 2,420 1,300 1,130 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 5,255 2,525 2,725 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 1,760 785 975 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 170 70 95 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 1,465 685 770 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,110 1,545 1,565 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 8,475 4,320 4,160 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 30,765 16,025 14,740 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 5,700 3,010 2,690 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 2,695 1,500 1,200 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 60 25 40 995 495 495
Kenya 165 70 95 785 355 430
Morocco 6,930 3,730 3,200 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 145 55 90 1,340 740 600
Somalia 35 15 20 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 125 65 60 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 14,905 7,550 7,355 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 36,085 16,635 19,455 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 2,685 1,370 1,310 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 565 285 280 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,995 4,015 5,980 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,600 805 790 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 2,265 1,150 1,115 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,450 780 670 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 395 220 175 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 240 50 190 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 580 280 305 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 2,225 1,195 1,030 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 1,440 715 725 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 1,995 710 1,280 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 685 320 365 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 635 295 335 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 710 290 420 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 3,255 1,515 1,745 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 5,375 2,635 2,740 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 180 80 100 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,780 11,315 12,465 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 6,030 2,825 3,205 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 330 160 175 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 1,655 735 920 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 410 220 185 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 1,055 485 570 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 15 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 555 240 315 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 480 250 225 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 440 220 225 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 1,085 520 570 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 4,510 2,210 2,300 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 1,920 1,035 880 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 85 30 50 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 330 140 190 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 485 200 285 2,945 1,260