Census Profile, 2016 Census
Laval [Economic region], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laval
Quebec
[Economic region]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Laval [Economic region], Quebec  Map : Laval [Economic region], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 417,995 203,310 214,695 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 21,185 11,080 10,105 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 144,745 63,360 81,385 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 243,630 125,695 117,940 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 8,435 3,170 5,265 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 417,995 203,305 214,695 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 72,525 37,015 35,510 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 300,340 143,750 156,590 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 36,905 19,465 17,445 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 8,225 3,080 5,150 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 90,980 46,745 44,230 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 21.8 23.0 20.6 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 417,995 203,305 214,690 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 398,960 193,715 205,245 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 267,725 129,610 138,115 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 30,295 15,590 14,705 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 237,430 114,020 123,410 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 131,235 64,105 67,130 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 5 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 5 5 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 10 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 131,215 64,100 67,120 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 32,140 16,315 15,825 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 2,240 1,180 1,065 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 1,175 605 570 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,070 565 500 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 15 10 10 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 29,860 15,115 14,740 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 40 20 20 745 340 405
Arabic 29,500 14,945 14,555 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 30 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 195 95 100 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 10 5 5 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,105 1,935 2,170 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,670 780 890 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 2,430 1,150 1,280 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 690 240 450 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 15 5 15 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 30 15 20 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 60 30 25 1,250 590 660
Malay 45 15 30 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 205 90 110
Pangasinan 5 0 5 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 165 335 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 320 140 180
Creole languages 7,725 3,275 4,445 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 260 120 140 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 7,400 3,120 4,275 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 2,015 960 1,055 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 5 5 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 5 0 440 235 205
Tamil 1,995 945 1,050 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 10 5 5 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 77,290 37,995 39,295 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 465 230 230 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 7,815 3,835 3,985 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 4,670 2,145 2,525 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 30 15 20 850 335 515
Latvian 10 0 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 20 10 10 555 215 340
Slavic languages 4,640 2,130 2,505 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 5 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 120 60 60 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 580 280 295 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 360 175 185 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 90 35 50 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 30 15 10 205 105 95
Polish 755 330 435 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 2,130 955 1,175 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 155 70 80 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 75 40 30 1,805 865 940
Slovak 55 25 25 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 35 35 755 350 405
Ukrainian 210 100 115 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 15 15 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 90 55 30
Germanic languages 1,010 465 550 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 5 5 125 60 65
Danish 5 5 0 395 190 200
Dutch 90 50 45 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 5 0 10 10 0
German 805 355 450 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 5 0 200 100 100
Swedish 20 15 10 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 10 540 240 300
Yiddish 45 20 25 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 175 100 75
Greek 13,820 6,875 6,945 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 7,885 4,045 3,840 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 4,330 2,235 2,095 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 460 235 230 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 450 220 230 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 140 80 60 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 5 5 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 80 40 45 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,740 900 840 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 20 10 10 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35 645 310 330
Urdu 1,365 710 655 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 3,530 1,800 1,725 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 100 60 45 985 550 430
Pashto 145 80 65 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 3,275 1,660 1,615 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 41,615 20,390 21,220 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 15 5 5 320 170 150
Italian 16,540 8,380 8,160 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 5,170 2,455 2,710 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 6,330 3,070 3,260 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 13,560 6,475 7,080 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 75 50
Japanese 65 15 45 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 170 80 85
Georgian 5 5 5 170 80 90
Korean 110 35 75 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 190 75 115
Mongolian 20 10 15 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 1,385 655 735 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 100 50 50 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 75 30 45 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 5 75 45 30
Ewe 45 25 15 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 55 50 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 10 5 5 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 5 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 140 65 75 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 35 70 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 110 45 60 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 120 60 60 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 165 75 90 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 10 5 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 400 190 205 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 5 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 335 170 165
Sign languages 80 40 40 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 5 5 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 45 20 20 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 20 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,875 1,310 1,565 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 2,860 1,300 1,560 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 1,045 480 565 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 10 10 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 1,450 645 795 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 225 100 125 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 55 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 5 345 175 170
Burmese 5 5 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,070 485 585 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 1,000 470 530 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 70 20 55 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 935 475 460 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 25 10 15 290 160 130
Turkish 900 460 445 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 650 315 335 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 10 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 10 5 10 360 125 240
Hungarian 635 310 320 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 685 385 300
Multiple responses 19,035 9,590 9,445 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 4,410 2,255 2,155 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 3,260 1,670 1,585 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 8,500 4,130 4,365 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 2,865 1,530 1,340 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 417,995 203,305 214,690 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 379,280 184,345 194,935 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 312,460 152,090 160,370 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 55,310 28,170 27,140 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 257,150 123,920 133,230 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 66,820 32,255 34,565 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 5 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 5 5 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,810 32,255 34,555 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,680 7,795 7,885 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 685 340 345 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 450 220 225 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 230 115 120 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 5 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 14,990 7,455 7,535 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 20 10 10 340 150 185
Arabic 14,795 7,350 7,445 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 35 25 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 90 45 40 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,680 1,265 1,420 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 965 440 525 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 1,715 825 890 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 200 90 110 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 5 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 15 10 10 740 305 435
Malagasy 10 5 0 360 185 170
Malay 15 5 10 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 70 85 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 2,570 1,015 1,555 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 75 30 45 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 2,465 970 1,500 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 1,550 700 850 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 1,540 700 845 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 40,010 19,445 20,560 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 290 145 150 1,615 795 820
Armenian 6,265 3,035 3,230 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 2,880 1,405 1,475 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 10 5 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 5 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 2,875 1,400 1,475 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 70 40 30 965 475 495
Bulgarian 460 235 225 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 160 80 85 1,015 475 545
Czech 35 20 15 460 220 240
Macedonian 15 10 10 130 65 65
Polish 305 135 180 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 1,550 755 795 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 85 45 40 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 10 960 470 490
Slovak 15 5 10 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 5 225 95 135
Ukrainian 115 55 55 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 190 85 100 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 15 5 10 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 170 75 95 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 5 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 6,410 3,100 3,310 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 5,690 2,850 2,835 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 3,120 1,565 1,560 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 325 155 170 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 295 140 155 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 75 40 35 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 5 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 60 30 30 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,340 685 655 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 5 5 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 25 20 365 185 180
Urdu 965 480 485 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 2,555 1,285 1,270 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 50 35 20 510 280 235
Pashto 110 55 55 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 2,390 1,195 1,200 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 18,280 8,820 9,465 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 2,995 1,405 1,585 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 2,060 995 1,065 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 4,515 2,230 2,290 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 8,710 4,190 4,525 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 20 15
Japanese 35 15 20 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 70 35 35
Georgian 5 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 60 25 30 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 145 70 75
Mongolian 20 10 10 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 320 135 190 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 25 15 15 445 215 235
Bamanankan 5 5 5 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 10 530 255 280
Ga 5 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 0 15 10 10
Lingala 35 10 25 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 30 15 10 1,100 535 565
Wolof 65 25 40 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 5 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 20 50 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 105 50 55 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 5 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 45 20 25 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 55 30 30 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,075 975 1,095 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 2,070 970 1,095 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 655 300 350 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 1,230 585 640 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 120 55 65 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 25 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 595 285 310 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 560 275 290 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 30 15 20 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 600 305 295 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 100 50 55
Turkish 580 290 290 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 290 135 155 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 5 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 285 135 150 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 38,715 18,960 19,760 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 6,850 3,465 3,380 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 6,505 3,230 3,275 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 18,610 8,850 9,760 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 6,755 3,415 3,340 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 418,000 203,305 214,690 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 302,880 146,520 156,360 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 30,435 15,490 14,950 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 30,120 14,745 15,370 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 42,115 20,465 21,650 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 10 5 10 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 42,105 20,465 21,640 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 5,175 2,600 2,575 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 3,485 1,630 1,855 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 3,595 1,760 1,835 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 185 85 105 1,420 740 680
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 410,850 201,045 209,805 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 402,465 197,810 204,655 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 262,550 135,765 126,785 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 381,410 186,690 194,720 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 184,525 89,610 94,915 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 20 10 15 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 184,500 89,600 94,905 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 49,025 24,845 24,185 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 2,695 1,385 1,315 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 1,530 770 760 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,180 625 560 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 10 10 10 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 47,760 24,215 23,550 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 90 35 50 1,145 540 600
Arabic 46,970 23,820 23,145 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 85 50 35 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 10 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 730 375 350 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 45 15 30 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 25 50 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,395 2,460 2,940 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 2,440 1,115 1,325 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 3,025 1,380 1,650 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 880 360 515 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 0 0 10 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 10 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 20 15 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 60 10 50 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 70 35 35 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 85 45 35 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 695 265 425 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 540 270 275
Creole languages 16,745 7,270 9,475 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 605 260 340 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 16,075 6,970 9,100 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 2,490 1,185 1,305 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 10 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 2,485 1,185 1,305 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 106,840 52,360 54,480 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 480 245 235 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 9,535 4,635 4,900 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 6,770 3,280 3,495 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 55 25 35 1,080 500 585
Latvian 10 10 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 50 25 25 755 350 410
Slavic languages 6,715 3,255 3,460 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 35 25 15 365 150 215
Bosnian 165 85 80 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 645 310 340 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 515 260 255 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 70 40 35 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 25 15 10 285 140 145
Polish 940 420 520 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 3,990 1,980 2,005 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 245 95 140 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 170 90 85 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 130 75 55 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 35 20 970 490 480
Ukrainian 425 155 270 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 150 75 75
Celtic languages 25 10 15 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 265 175 95
Germanic languages 2,405 1,125 1,285 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 15 10 10 835 410 420
Dutch 160 85 75 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 2,010 940 1,065 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 0 10 0 510 255 255
Swedish 40 40 10 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 15 760 265 495
Yiddish 185 70 115 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 270 125 140
Greek 17,630 8,865 8,770 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 9,450 4,790 4,665 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 5,830 2,970 2,860 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 525 280 250 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 495 220 275 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 1,005 515 495 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 10 0 10 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 95 50 45 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,495 1,250 1,245 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 15 10 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 150 65 85 1,335 625 710
Urdu 2,170 1,145 1,025 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 4,085 2,030 2,055 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 185 100 85 1,255 665 590
Pashto 150 90 60 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 3,780 1,865 1,915 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 65 20 45 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 64,165 31,025 33,135 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 40 20 20 890 525 365
Italian 25,670 12,775 12,895 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 7,420 3,735 3,685 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 7,630 3,780 3,850 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 26,865 12,485 14,380 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 45 10 490 345 145
Japanese 220 80 140 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 10 0 215 105 110
Korean 115 35 75 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 3,035 1,400 1,635 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 220 100 120 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 175 85 90 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 10 0 190 95 95
Ewe 40 15 25 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 50 55 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 80 35 45 315 155 160
Ganda 15 10 10 90 40 55
Igbo 40 25 10 275 190 90
Lingala 715 295 425 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 210 85 130 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 165 55 105 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 325 165 155 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 310 145 165 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 10 0 10 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,055 515 540 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 695 345 350
Sign languages 350 115 240 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 10 0 15 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 240 65 175 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 45 60 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,650 1,715 1,935 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 3,635 1,705 1,925 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 1,520 725 795 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 10 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 2,050 955 1,095 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 350 170 175 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 10 20 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 130 45 80 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 15 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,485 720 760 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 1,370 680 685 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 245 85 160 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 1,940 925 1,020 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 25 0 20 510 275 235
Turkish 1,910 925 995 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 10 0 10 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 840 445 395 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 10 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 0 0 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 820 440 385 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 105 70 35 2,140 1,170 970

Source

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population.

How to cite

How to cite: Statistics Canada. 2017. Laval [Economic region], Quebec and Quebec [Province] (table). Census Profile. 2016 Census. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-316-X2016001. Ottawa. Released November 29, 2017.
https://www12.statcan.gc.ca/census-recensement/2016/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E (accessed August 18, 2019).

Date modified: